THE HONOURABLE EAST INDIA COMPANY SERVICE

SHIP

DATE

LATITUDE

LONGITUDE

ENTRY

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Wed 26 Oct

Out of Greenland Dock. Lashed alongside Triton.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

27-Oct

Pigot sails for Gravesend so Earl of Ashburnham occupies her 'birth' at 'the lower pier'.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

28 Oct

Clearing the limbers and hauling kentlidge. Rec'd on board 40 empty water butts and 6 Company spars.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

29 Oct

Levling' kentledge. Stowing butts. Rec'd 15 chaldrons of coals for ship's use. Came alongside a barge with lead on Acct of the Hon'ble Company. On board 1st and 3rd Mates.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

30 Oct

Came alongside 2 lighters with lead on acct Hon Co.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

31 Oct

Rec'd on board some tin stores.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

01 Nov

Cpoiling away the sheet of small bower cables. Got the sheet anchor in its 'birth'.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

03 Nov

Rec'd two lighters of Hon Co lead.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

04 Nov

Rec'd sundry stores and Hon Co coals.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

05 Nov

Rec'd 28 butts

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Mon 7 Nov

Filled 27 butts with water. Rec'd a lighter of coals. 2nd & 4th Mates on board.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Tues 8 Nov

Bending sails. Rec'd 40 empty butts. Lighter with copper on acct Hon Co. 1st & 4th Mates on board.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Wed 9 Nov

Rec'd copper.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Thurs 10 Nov

The ship all ready for going to Gravesend.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Tues 15 Nov

The Pilot came on board and unmoor'd the ship and got all ready for sailing on the flood. At 1/2 past two slip'd from the moorings and made sail. 5.30 alongside the Hulk at Woolwich.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Wed 16 Nov

Got the sheet anchor over the side and beat the cable.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Mon 21 Nov

Rec'd on board on acct Hon Co 24 anchors of sorts.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Wed 23 Nov

People employed knotting and drawing yarns. 2nd, 4th & 5th Mates on board.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Thurs 24 Nov

People employ'd scraping the upper deck. 2nd & 4th Mates on board.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Fri 25 Nov

Came down the Hampshire & Lord Holland East Indiamen.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Mon 28 Nov

Rec'd the Captain's Private Trade lead. Midshipmen & quartermasters stowing away provisions. 1st, 4th & 6th Mates on board.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Wed 30 Nov

Rec'd on board 30 Hogsheads of beer on Acct of the Victualling Bill & 2 casks of malt for the Company's Recruits.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

02 Dec

Scrap'd the upper deck. Sent 13 people to be impress'd.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

03 Dec

At noon the Captain came on board. Rec'd 36 small anchors of the Captain's on acct of Private Trade.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

04 Dec

Rec'd 85 barrels of gunpowder on acct Hon Co and 1 'for the use of the military'.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

05 Dec

Came on board the ship's guns carriages.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

06 Dec

Chests of arms and copper on acct Hon Co.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

07-Dec

Came alongside a Hoey with chests of arms on acct Hon Coo.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

08-Dec

Came alongside a lighter with the ship's sails.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

09-Dec

Sailed hence the Hon Co ships Charlotte and Duke of Albany.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Sat 10 Dec

Rec'd on board 15 pieces of beef for the use of the ship, some butter & cheese on acct of the Victualling Bill. Sailed hence the Pigot.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Mon 12 Dec

Rec'd corn and barley for the livestock. Rec'd Private Trade. Sent 15 men up to be impress'd.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Tues 13 Dec

Rec'd ironwork on acct Hon Co. 163 bags of bread. 10 Hhds ditto and 4 kilderkins of white.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Wed 14 Dec

A great deal of snow and some hail. Rec'd 13 Hhds of British spirits

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Thurs 15 Dec

Rec'd 18 butts and 15 Hhds of water. Rec'd 40 barrels of powder.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Fri 16 Dec

Rec'd on board some iron work on acct of Capt Pierce (sic).

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Sat 17 Dec

Rec'd Private Trade on acct Capt Pierce and Officers.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

21-Dec

Sailed hence the Glatton, Plassey, Cruttenden, Havannah & Nottingham.

Earl of Ashurnham 1768

Thurs 29 Dec

Rec'd on board 18 soldiers on acct Hon Co.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

03-Jan

Rec'd hay and corn for the livestock. 3 casks Private Trade on acct Capt Pierce. 33 soldiers on acct Hon Co.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

04-Jan

Rec'd on board livestock.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

05-Jan

Rec'd 10 chests of treasure on acct Hon Co. Private Trade on acct Captain. Some greens.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

06-Jan

Rec'd beef, oats, barley. Came on board Mr Whithers, Pilot.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 7 Jan

Unmoored ship. Drop't down to lower part of the Hope.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 8 Jan

Came on board the Captain.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 9 Jan

Weighed and made sail. Came to on the Warp. Black Hale Beacon.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 11 Jan

Passed the buoy of the Spaniard. Passed the buoy of the Woolpack. At 4 pm came too with the best bower in 10 fathoms of water in Margate Roads.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 12 Jan

Our (river) pilot went on shore and another pilot came on board

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 13 Jan

Came too in sight of Warmer Castle (sic) and Deal Castle. The Purser came on board.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 14 Jan

Came down Hon Co ships Hampshire & Devonshire.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 18 Jan

At noon weighed with the ebb tide and made sail. In company with the Earl of Lincoln, Hampshire and several other small ships.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 19 Jan

Dungeness & French shore in sight. Cape Barfleur & Cape La Hogue.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 20 Jan

Strong gales. Lizard lights 5 leagues.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 21 Jan

47º23 N

Cape Finister at noon. (Estimated distance sailed 73 leagues/148 miles.)

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 22 Jan

45º53

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Tues 24 Jan

45º25

Cape Finister at noon. 144 miles.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 25 Jan

Gale slackening. Very large and mountainous swell.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 26 Jan

44º29

Pleasant gale carried away jibb boom. Since last obsv am 23 miles S of acct.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 28 Jan

41º26

Carpenter making a jibb boom.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 29 Jan

39º28

At noon Madeira bore SbW

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 30 Jan

36º39

Pleasant fresh gale & fair weather

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 1 Feb

32º12

Saw island of Madeira. Pleasant gale with cloudy weather

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 2 Feb

29º48

18º41 W

My acct agrees so well I shall have no occation to correct my long't by Madeira.' (Gives bearing on Palma by mariner's compass.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 4 Feb

26º52

Run out the waist guns and put on the Half Ports.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 6 Feb

22º42

Pleasant trade with fair weather. Washed the beams with vinegar.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 8 Feb

16º55

22º08

Fresh gale with very large sea.(Anchors 6 leagues off Bonavista.)

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 9 Feb

13º51

Fresh gale and hazey weather. I take my leave from Bonavista at 6 pm.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 11 Feb

9º07

Fresh trade & pleasant weather. One of our people struck a very large Polupus (porpoise?).

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 13 Feb

6º04

Fresh breeze and pleasant weather.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Tues 14 Feb

3º35

17º14

Saw 2 ships astern. Hoisted our colours which they both answered with Dutch. Carpenter making a spare jibb boom.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 15 Feb

2º10

Light breezes & showery weather

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 16 Feb

1º49

Calm. Light airs & showers. Dutch ships far off.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 17 Feb

1º09

Moderate breezes. Cloudy. Saw nothing of Dutch ships.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 18 Feb

0º27

18º25

Light breezes & hazey. Sailmaker making a poop awning.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 19 Feb

0º19S

19º18 W

Light breezes. Our people continue very healthy. Not a sick man on board.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 20 Feb

1º14 S

Pleasant breezes & Fair. Saw Dutch ships.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Tues 21 Feb

2º45

Pleasant trade. Dutchmen far on our lee.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 23 Feb

5º22

23º07 W

Pleasant trade. Filled 12 butts with salt water in the forehold to keep the ship by the head.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 24 Feb

6º53

Pleasant trade. Crossed the meridian of Bonavista.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 26 Feb

9º55

Pleasant trade.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Tues 28 Feb

13º55

A fresh trade. Cloudy

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 1 March

15º37

27º38 W

Pleasant trade. Longt from London 27º38 W

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 3 March

20º28

28º37

Light trade. At noon the Island Trinidada.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 6 March

25º16

27º18 W

Got 4 more of our steerage guns forward…to keep the ship by the head.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 8 March

28º39

24º13

Pleasant breezes.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 10 March

30º38

21º00 W

Moderate breezes. Squalls of hard rain at times.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 12 March

32º07

15º46 W

Fresh gales. Unsettled weather. Thunder & lightning at 5 am. Saw a sail.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 13 March

33º30

13º20

Very unsettled. Fresh gales to calm. Heavy northerly swell. Rain. Hoisted our colours to the ship which she did not know and she bore SSE.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 15 March

33º43

10º48 W

Light airs and calms. 3 pm lowered down the Jolley boat to try the currents and found none. Saw a sail, hoisted English colours.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 16 March

34º18

8º25 W

Spoke the Glatton Capt Daveson who sailed from the Downs 3 weeks before us. Makes his observations 18º00' W Long't of London. If he is right we must be 7º 12' to the West. This can only be known by our soundings at Hope.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 18 March

34º45

6º00 W

Spoke the Cruttenden Capt Baker who spoke the Earl of Lincoln Capt Hardwicke who sailed with us on Thursday and is the ship we see a head. Capt Baker makes us 11º00' East of Tenereef but by the variation I am certain we are much more to the Westward.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 19 March

34º50 S

4º58 W

The Hardwick ahead, just to be seen from topsail yard.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 20 March

35º25

1º53 W

Pleasant fresh gale & hazey.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 23 March

35º40

6º55 E

Fresh gale and large swell makes the ship rowl (sic) much.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 25 March

35º29

14º28 E

Very mountainous sea. The ship rowls very deep. Main Topsail tye broke. Reeved another.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 26 March

32º56

22º18

Decreasing gale. Caught several Albetrosses (sic).

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Tues 28 March

35º55

18º04

Light airs and calms. I am 6 miles to southward of my account these 24 hours.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 30 March

35º39

23º21

Gale increasing. It looking very black got down Top Gt Mast & yards

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 31 March

35º02

26º16

Sounded 80 fathoms green mud with sand. Spoke a dutch ship 55 days from Ceylon bound into the Cape. Lowered down the jolleyboat and sent her on board with letters.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

01-Apr

35º37

25º20 E

Saw a sail ahead. She hoisted Dutch colours.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 5 April

34º34

Pleasant breezes. Sailmaker repairing Main Top Gallant Sail and Fore & Mizen staysail.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 8 April

36º09

Light airs.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Tues 11 April

30º47

Got down Fore Topmast, having given way, for Carpenter to repair.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 15 April

27º28

Lowered down the jolley boat to try the current and found it WSW.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 17 April

25º30

Fresh breezes. Saw a butterfly and several flights of birds like gulls.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Tues 18 April

24º20

44º48 E ??

Light airs and calms. Several small fish like Old Wifes, several Trapick (tropical?) birds.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 19 April

22º47

Smoak'd with heated pitch and burn'd tobacco to preserve the people's health.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 20 April

20º55

Saw a ship with all sail set so concluded she must have seen land by her course. We made sail after her.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 21 April

19º28

At daylight saw land. Hoisted English colours. I take her to be Earl of Lincoln.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 22 April

18º38

Light airs. Our people continue very healthy and not one sick on board. The wheat being all expended give them every morning boild oatmeal with their drams of sugar for breakfast.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 24 April

15º22

At 3 pm saw the island Christova (?).

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 26 April

12º40

Lowered down the pinnace and sent her ahead to provide stock at Johanna, not intending to stop with the ship.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 27 April

Johanna

Hoisted out the longboat and yaul and sent them both on shore to take in the stock. (Johanna off shore 3 to 4 leagues. East of Mohilla 6 leagues. 2 miles from Saddle Island)

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 28 April

Johanna

Employ'd all the afternoon working into Johanna Bay not being able to get bullocks (yet?). Employ'd getting on board 33 bullocks and 24 bulls of water??? (buffalo?)

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 29 April

11º54

Weighed and made sail.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 30 April

10º09

I shall take my departure from the Island Johanna.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 1 May

9º10

Light breezes

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 4 May

3º34 S

Fresh breezes & hazey.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 7 May

1º35 S

49º08?

Light variable winds.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 8 May

0º08 S

Unsteady breeze (Equator)

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Tues 9 May

0º29 N

Frsh breezes. Cloudy.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 12 May

2º46 N

55º38 E?

Several white boobies seen much resembling gannets.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 15 May

4º11

Light breezes, heavy rain

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 17 May

5º23 N

Light breezes. Cloudy.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 19 May

6º40

Spoke with Triton Capt Elphinston who sailed 3 weeks before us from England bound for Madras and China.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 21 May

8º02

68º08 E

Variable winds. Squalls not very heavy.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Tues 23 May

8º00

72º05

At 8 pm the foot rope of the Fore Topsail gave way. Shifted it immediately.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 24 May

7º48

74º42

Very unsettled, disagreeable weather. Spoke the Tryton (sic) and kept a good look out for the island Helay. Capt Elphinstone by 2 latitudes 8º 20'. If he is right we must have had a strong northerly current which is uncommon. The Tryton (sic) at noon ab

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 25 May

7º38

77º02

Spoke the Nottingham Capt Stokes who sailed with the Tryton. Thinks himself to the west of the island.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 26 May

6º23

79º27

Tryton passed us. Nottingham astern having carried away both Topgallant Masts in a squall.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 27 May

6º11

Saw land. Extreams of Leloan (Ceylon?). Nearest shore 5 leagues. Bore NNW2W Elephant.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 28 May

7º40 N

Strong gales, then moderate to light. At noon Fryars Head. Sugar Loaf Hill.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 29 May

9º30

Gunner painting the muzels (sic) of the guns. Sailors repairing old sails which have been greatly damaged.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Tues 30 May

11º13

Fair weather

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 31 May

12º37

Anchored in Madras Roads.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 1 June

Madras.

Got Fore topmast down upon deck to repair it, being damaged in some late squalls.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 2 June

Madras.

Loading boat with Captains stores.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 5 June

Madras.

Employed delivering Company's goods and Private Trade.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Tues 6 June

Madras.

Overhauling the riggin. Cooper knocking down butts. Rec'd on board a boatload of water. Anchored here a country ship.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

??

Madras.

Sent on shore Company's anchors, coals, copper & Private Trade.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 2 July

Madras.

Sailed hence Lord Holland for Bengal.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Tues 4 July

Madras.

Arrived Neptune Capt Gore from Europe.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 6 July

Madras.

Sailed hence Pigot & Hector for China.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 7 July

Madras.

Arrived here a country snow of the Company from Bencoolen.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 13 July

Madras.

Rec'd on board 52 bales of cotton.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 14 July

Madras.

Rec'd on board 10 bales of cotton.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 17 July

Madras.

Rec'd on board several packages from the shore. PM the Captain came on board.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Tues 18 July

Madras.

The Purser came on board. Weighed in company with Earl of Lincoln.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 19 July

13º03

At 1 pm weighed and made sail. In company with Earl of Lincoln. At 10 am 6 to 7 leagues off St Thomas's Mount.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 20 July

12º03

In company with Plassey, Tryton and Earl of Lincoln.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 22 July

9º20

86º56

These 24 hours a fine, fresh gale & cloudy weather.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 24 July

6º43

91º43

Fresh gales, decreasing.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Tues 25 July

At 6 pm the Northernmost of the Nicobars. At noon Pulo Rondo, the body of Pulo Brassey (?) & Golden Mount.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 26

5º42

At sunset Golden Mount. At noon Diamond Point. Distance off Sumatra shore 9 or 10 leagues.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 27 July

5º15

6 to 7 leagues leagues off Sumatra. Earl of Lincoln and Nottingham in company.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 29 July

5º06

At sunset, extreames of Sumatra, 12 leagues. At noon, Pulo Perah(k) 9 leagues. Caulker caulking the steerage.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

30-Jul

5º04

Pulo Perah 6 leagues at sun set. Caulker as before.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

31-Jul

Dindin(g) like 3 small islands. (Off coast of Teluk Intan) Lincoln astern, Nottingham ahead.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

01-Aug

3º21

Extreams of the Sambelans. (Sambelang or Nine Islands. P493 New Nautical Directory) Pulo Jarra bearing EbN. Caulker in steerage.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 2 Aug

2º55

Long (Little) Arroa and Round (Great) Arroa. (pulo Aru p488 New Nautical Directory) and Sumatra shore.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

03-Aug

2º45

Round Arroe. Parcelar Hill 9or 10 leagues. At 7 pm anchored with the stream in 22 fathoms of sand.Extreams of Malay shore.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

04-Aug

Parcelar Hill

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

05-Aug

At 5 pm Cape Ricardo (Portuguese Rachado=broken cape with Dutch lighthouse?) & Parcelar Hill. At noon came too with the Stream in 20 fathom. (Just north of Malacca)

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

06-Aug

At 6 am weighed, it being then low water. At noon, the Flood tide being done, we came to with the Stream in 20 fathoms sand.Pea Rock. Distance off nearest shore 3 leagues. The Water Islands (Agoada) just visible off the deck. (Just south of Malacca, clos

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 7 Aug

At 5 pm the Ebb tide being done, weighed with the wind at ESE. At sunrise the Water Islands. Malay shore and Cape Ricardo.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

08-Aug

Fishers Island bearing East. Anchor in Mallaca Road distance off shore 3 or 4 miles. Sailed hence the Nottingham.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 10 Aug

Little wind. Saw earl of Lincoln & Havannah to South of us at daylight.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

11-Aug

At 3 pm the Ebb tide being done, came to with the stream in 22 fthm. 7pm weighed; at 2 am it being calm, came to in 21 fathoms of mud. Water island. Mallaca Fort 3 to 4 leagues. Mount More and Mount Formosa. Extreams of Water Islands.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 12 Aug

At 1 pm being calm, came to with the kedge in 19 fathom. Southernmost Water Island bearing WbN. 8 am weighed. At noon Mount Formosa EbS. Distance off shore 3 leagues. At noon depth 20 fm.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

14-Aug

Highest peak of Mount Formosa bearing ENE 1/4 E

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 15 Aug

At sunset Mount Formosa NEbE. Malay shore 5 leagues. At 9 pm came to with the Kedge in 23 fm mud. At 1 am saw Pulo Pisang off the deck, ESE.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 18 Aug

3 pm came to with kedge in 22 fm. Eastmost extreames of Carrimans. 11pm weighed. At noon Barn Island and Tree Island. Buffalo Rock.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 19 Aug

3 pm came to with the Stream in 15 fthm. Barn Island & East Red Island. 7 am weighed. Falling calm, came to in 33 fm. At 9 weighed & passed Buffalo Rock bearing SE in 17 fm, distance half a mile.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 20 Aug

At sunset Point Romania. Barbucet Hill. (p 394) Bintang Hill. (p. 395) Pedro Branco.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

21-Aug

At 4 pm Pedro Branco (rock) SW, 3 or 4 leagues. At sunset Bintang Hill. At 2 am saw Pilo Auro (Aore). Point Auroa. At sunrise Point Timoan.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

22-Aug

At 6 pm Point Timoan 12-13 leagues.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 23 August

At sunset the extreams of the island to the N of Tringano Bay. Pulo Capas.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 24 Aug

At 2 pm weighed. 5am came to with small Bower in 11 fthms. Tringano River. Extreams of Ridang Islands. 4 miles off nearest shore.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

25-Aug

5º33

I take my departure from Pulo Capas de Terre.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

26-Aug

6º37

Light airs & calms, then pleasant gale & fair weather.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 27 Aug

no obs

Fresh gales. Some squalls.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

28-Aug

8º49

107º36

Fresh gales. Thunder & lightning. Shortened sail in the night & kept a good lookout for Condore but did not see it. By our soundings we are to the eastward of it and if Herbert's Chart is good have a strong easterly current.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Tues 29 Aug

10º31

108º33

Have lookout for Island Sapata (Shoe Island) but saw nothing of it by Mr Herbert's chart we are far to ye W'ward of it but our own soundings off Condore ascertain to us our being to ye E'ward.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 31 Aug

no obs

109º58

Pleasant gale.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 1 Sept

14º34

110º16

In company with Earl of Lincoln and Havannah.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 4 Sept

17º55

111º11

Pleasant breezes

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 7 Sept

19º55

110º59

Light airs & calms.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 9 Sept

21º27

111º38

At noon the extreams of the island of St John's. High peak on the island Veados. In company with Earl of Lincoln & Havannah.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 10 Sept

21º36

Grand Ladrones.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 11 Sept

21º52

At sunset the body of the Grand Ladrones. 4 -5 leagues.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 13 sept

21º49

At 8 am Grand Ladrones 2-3 leagues. In company with Havannah & Earl of Lincoln.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

14-Sep

Grand Ladrones bore East distance 2 leagues. Pulo Linting NNE 1/4 E. Macao island 7 or 8 leagues. From noon to midnight(Wed?) longboat employ'd warping the ship with the Kedge on account of having nothing but N'erly winds. At 7 pm Thursday, having a fin

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 15 Sept

Macao Road

At 1.30 am came to with Best Bower in Macao Road.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

16-Sep

Carried out a warp to get the ship into the right channel for the Bogue.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

17-Sep

Whampoa

Cross'd both Barrs with a flowing tide. Came too at 8 off upper part of Danes Island.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

18-Sep

Whampoa

Employ'd mooring ship head and stern. Midshipmen clapping serviss on cables.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 21 Sept

Whampoa

William Anders Quartermaster fell overboard and was drowned.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 22 Sept

Whampoa

Loaded 2 chop boats with the cotton on acct Hon Co.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Tues 26 Sept

Whampoa

Loaded 2 chop boats with cotton. Arrived Hon Co ship Oosterly.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Wed 27 Sept

Whampoa

Sent the longboat to town with Company's treasure in the care of Mr Ford 3rd Mate. Loaded one boat with cotton and one with bales of cloth.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 28 Sept

Whampoa

Loaded one boat with Private Trade pepper, and another with cotton on acct Hon Co.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 29 Sept

Whampoa

Sending empty butts & staves to the Banks Hall (sic).

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 2 Oct

Whampoa

The Hoppoe came on board and measured the ship.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 7 Oct

Whampoa

Loaded two boats with Red Wood.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

10-Oct

Whampoa

Loaded two boats with Co lead. Rec'd 3 boats of ballast.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

12-Oct

Whampoa

Loaded two boats with Co lead. Sent staves to Banks hall.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

13-Oct

Whampoa

Rec'd 100 half and 4 whole chests of china. Some Arrack for the ship's use.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Tues 17 Oct

Whampoa

Loaded two boats with part Co and part Private Trade. AM Captain came on board. PM Captain returned to Canton.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

19-Oct

Whampoa

Loaded boat with Private Trade.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 21 Oct

Whampoa

Heeled and breamed the ship on both sides.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

24-Oct

Whampoa

Arrived here the Devonshire Capt Hore and a French ship. People usefully employ'd.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

25-Oct

Whampoa

Rec'd 2 boats of tea.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

27-Oct

Whampoa

"Midshipmen and quartermasters employ'd in the hold. People about the needfull"

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 2 Nov

Whampoa

Much rain and thick weather throughout.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

06-Nov

Whampoa

Captain came on board. Capt returned to Canton.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

07-Nov

Whampoa

Quartermaster stowing the Lazaretto.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

08-Nov

Whampoa

Gunner painting the stern.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

14-Nov

Whampoa

Rec'd 2 boats of tea on acct Hon Co.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

15-Nov

Whampoa

Captain came on board.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

22-Nov

Whampoa

Rec'd a boat of Private Trade on acct Captain and Officers.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 26 Nov

Whampoa

Rec'd 225 chests of Bohea tea on acct of Hon Co. Marquis of Granby dropt down below the ship.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 2 Dec

Whampoa

Rec'd 3 boats of tea on acct Hon Co.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 3 Dec

Whampoa

Sailed hence the Plassey Capt Waddell.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

12-Dec

Whampoa

Rec'd some Paddy for the stock.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

13-Dec

Whampoa

Departed this life Joseph Gover seaman.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

14-Dec

Whampoa

Rec'd some rice stores.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

18-Dec

Whampoa

Longboat returned with water.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Thurs 21 Dec

Whampoa

AM Mr Black (Edward Back?) Chief Mate went a sailing in the Jolly Boat and has not been heard of since.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Fri 22 Dec

Whampoa

Sent our boats in search of the jollyboat but could hear nothing of her. Imagine she is overset and they are drown'd.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 23 Dec

Whampoa

No account of our boat, nor Chief Mate and 4 people.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 24 Dec

Whampoa

Sent in search of our boat & people but can't find them.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Mon 25 Dec

Whampoa

No account of our people. Rec'd 2 boats of tea on acct Hon Co.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

27-Dec

Whampoa

Rec'd 2 boats of tea on acct Hon Co.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

28-Dec

Whampoa

AM found floating one of the Captain's guinea pigs that was in the jollyboat. PM buried him on French island.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

29-Dec

Whampoa

Rec'd 2 boats of tea on acct Hon Co.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sat 30 Dec

Whampoa

Rec'd a chop of Private Trade belonging to the Captain and Officers. PM found floating Mr Back (sic) Chief Mate and one of the foremast men that was drowned when the boat overset. The other 2 people have had no account yet.

Earl of Ashurnham 1769

Sun 31 Dec

Whampoa

Buried the deceas'd on French island with the usual respect shew'd him.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Tues 2 Jan

Whampoa

Unmoored ship. PM in dropping her down got a ground just by the fishing stakes. At flood got her off again without any damage.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Wed 3 Jan

Whampoa

Dropt down as low as lower part of Danes Island. PM warped her down over the small barr. At 7 dropt her down open with the Pagoda. Came too.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Thurs 4 Jan

Weighed. Dropping down got ground very near the second Bar. At flood got her off again without any damage.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Fri 5 Jan

Passed Second Bar in 4 fth water.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Sat 6 Jan

Fresh gales of hazey with some rain.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Sun 7 Jan

Fresh gales of hazey with some rain. Rec'd on board a chop with Private Trade. Deliveried to Devonshire 5 Teirces of Pork and 3 of beef. Rec'd on board 6 bullocks and 5 calves.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Mon 8 Jan

The Captain came down from Canton. Saluted Mr Revell and Mr Rous supercargoes with 11 guns.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Tues 9 Jan

Came on board Mr Torriano supercargoe. Saluted him with 11 guns. Ship ready for sea. Waiting for dispatches.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Wed 10 Jan

Purser came on board with Dispatches. Sailed the Lincoln Capt Hardwick, Havannah Capt White and the Speke Capt Jackson.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Thurs 11 Jan

Weighed at 9 and made sail. At 11 run thro' the Bogue.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Fri 12 Jan

At 10 pm the pilot left us. At midnight the Grand Ladrone.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Sat 13 Jan

10º20 N

Fresh gales. Hazey weather

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Sun 14 Jan

15º52

1º30 E

Brought to and sounded on the Western edge of Macclesfield shoal 42 fathoms. By my account we should have been on the Eastern Part as laid down by Mr Herbert.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Thurs 18 Jan

8º17

5º58

(Look for Condore but cannot see it.) We must have had a very strong current.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

21-Jan

(Look for P Timoan but don't see it. Later see Pulo Pisang and Pulo Auro.)

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Mon 22 Jan

0º19S

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

23-Jan

(See P Taya and Seven Islands. Then Monopin Hill. Sumatra shore and Banca shore.)

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

24-Jan

At 2 pm the body of Mt Parmisan. Lucepara

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Thurs 25 Jan

4º49 S

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

26-Jan

5º25 S

Two Sisters.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Sun 28 Jan

5º58S

Came too near Anger Town 4 or 5 miles. Came on board a Dutch servant in a Malay Prow to enquire what ship and whence we came from. Java Head and extream of Crocotoa.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Mon 29 Jan

Came too at Prince's Island. The Henrietta show'd a signal of distress being aground. Sent longboat with the kedge anchor and two hawsers also the pinnace and all the assistance possible to get her off. Hove her off at 4 pm.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Tues 30 Jan

Prince's Island

(Longboat goes to get water.)

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Thurs 1 Feb

Departed this life John Bryant seaman. (John Bryan?)

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Fri 2 Feb

7º05 S

Java Head

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Sat 3 Feb

7º13 S

Departs from Java Head.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Sun 4 Feb

7º23

103º35

Sold the effects of John Bryant deceased at the mast.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Wed 14 Feb

9º35 S

Great number of birds about the ship particularly many Tropick Birds and white Boobies with black tips to their wings like gannets.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Fri 16 Feb

10º21

According to Mr Herbert who makes Christmas Island to lie on the Merid of Java Head it ought to bear of us 15 miles only. In the Lincoln 1768 they made Christmas Island to lie 47 miles West of Java Head which if right accounts for us not seeing the islan

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Tues 20 Feb

Saw a large Grampus.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Wed 21 Feb

12º40

Caught 2 butts of rainwater.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Sat 24 Feb

12º31

101º13

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Wed 28 Feb

17º05

95º27 E

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Fri 3 Mar

18º09

92º28

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Mon 5 March

18º40

89º59

Put the ship's company on an allowance of water 2 quarts per man.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

23-Mar

26º25 S

57º34

Saw an alcatross (sic)

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

17-Apr

33º31 S

21º44

Saw land. Cape Lagullas. Spoke Duke of Albany from Bencoolen. In company with Oosterly (Osterley, Capt David Welch).

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

24-Apr

34º33

19º21

Cape Bona. Table Land. Sugar Loaf. Cape False.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

25-Apr

33º19

18º16

Depart Cape Bona.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Sun 29 April

31º13

17º13 E

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Mon 7 May

22º53

5º55 E

Still in company with Oosterly.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

10-May

17º30

1º18 E

Rous'd up the small bower and boil'd the stream cable down in the Lazaretta.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Mon 14 May

16º02

3º45 W

St Helena

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

15-May

St Helena

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

16-May

St Helena

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

23-May

St Helena

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

24-May

St Helena

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

25-May

St Helena

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Sat 26 May

14º32

4º10 W

Depart St Helena. Light airs, cloudy weather.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Mon 28 May

13º00 S

7º08 W

Winds variable. In company with Osterley

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Wed 30 May

9º56

10º11 W

Steady breeze, hazey. Am shifted fore topsail with the old one.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Fri 1 June

6º17 S

13º18 W

Pleasant gale. 5pm saw Island of Ascension. Take my departure.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Sun 3 Jun

2º38 S

15º47 W

Variable winds with squalls of rain.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Mon 4 Jun

0º53 S

16º53

Steady breeze.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Wed 6 Jun

2º11 N

18º39 W

Moderate breeze. Scraped the quarter deck.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Fri 8 Jun

No obs

Light airs and calm.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Sun 10 Jun

6º03

19º25

Winds variable. Cloudy.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Tues 12 Jun

7º26 N

20º02

Light airs. Much rain.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Sat 16 Jun

9º23

21º41

Wash'd gun deck. Variable winds, cloudy.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Thurs 19 Jun

11º54

25º09

Fresh trade & cloudy.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Thurs 21 Jun

15º18

27º44

Fresh gales.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Sat 23 Jun

19º04

30º01 W

Fresh gales, cloudy. Washed gun deck (again!!)

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Mon 25 Jun

23º08

31º57

Fresh gales & cloudy. Rous'd up the Best Bower and Stream cables, cleaned the tar and clapt on the Long and Short servisses on the Best Bower. Saw a sail in the NE. In company with Osterley.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Thurs 28 Jun

28º33

33º48

Moderate breezes.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Sat 30 Jun

32º41

33º40

Fresh gales. Washed gun deck.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Sun 1 Jul

33º43

33º29

Squally & rain; then light airs & fair weather.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Tues 3 July

34º34

33º22

Light airs & calms. In company with Oosterly (still)

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

06-Jul

38º45

32º56

Spoke a sloop from Boston who reckoned herself 130 leagues to the Westward of Flores.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

15-Jul

45º 18 N

20º13 W

Spoke the Mary brig Capt Padmoor from London to Newfoundland. He reckon'd himself 28º W of London.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Thurs 19 Jul

49º05

5º06 W

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

20-Jul

49º33

1º34 W

Spoke ship from Whitby to Casco Bay. 3 days from Lizard.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

21-Jul

49º36

4 am St Agnes lighthouse. 9 Landsend 9 or 10 leagues

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

22-Jul

4 am Start Point.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Mon 23 July

Portland

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

24-Jul

Sunset. Anchor with the kedge off Portland. 4 leagues. Peverell Point 6 am.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

25-Jul

Beachy Head noon.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

26-Jul

Dungeness 8 am. Dover Castle 2 pm. 4 pm Came to with Best Bower in the Downs in 7 fathoms water.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

29-Jul

Towards Erith

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Tues 31 Jul

At Erith

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Fri 3 Aug

Deptford

At Deptford

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

06-Aug

Deptford

Came alongside the Infernal Bomb at Deptford.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Thurs 11 Aug

Deptford

Unloading into hoys begins.

Earl of Ashurnham 1770

Tues 4 Sept

Deptford

Came on board Mr Waistcot inspector and clear'd the ship. (Last entry)

111 crew (4 midshipmen). 9 entered abroad. 6 died. 9 'run'.

104 soldiers

4 passengers to Madras (2 writers & 2 Cadetts sic)

4 supercargoes home.