THE HONOURABLE EAST INDIA COMPANY SERVICE

These are the Journal, Log, Ledger & Pay book of the Honourable East India Company Ship, the Juliana on her voyage to Batavia 1812-1813. Commanded by Captain Richard Rawes.


EXTRACTS

THE SHIP'S JOURNAL & LOG

PLUS THE LEDGER AND PAY BOOK

OF THE HON. COMPANY'S SHIP

JULIANA

(EAST INDIA DOCKS, BLACKWALL, LONDON, ENGLAND)

Written by The Commander, Captain R. Rawes

Voyage to the Far East

12 March 1812 - 15 September 1813

(British Library Ref: L / MAR / B / 75B)

Extracted by
Bryant G. Bayliffe & Julian A. Rawes
December 2013


Contents


The HEICS


East India House, Leadenhall Street, London, 1796-1861
from Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813.

The Library of the Honourable East India Company Service is housed in the British Library in Euston, London. The HEICS library contains many thousands of records including hundreds of ships’ journals, logs, ledgers & pay books. They are contained in large ledgers, the journals & logs in one tome with the ledgers and pay books in separate books. A catalogue of these records was published in 1999 by the British Library, titled ‘Catalogue of East India Company Ships’ Journals and Logs 1600-1834’ and edited by Anthony Farrington. Most of these records have not been microfilmed. If a copy is required then a microfilm copy is made at the expense of the purchaser to whom a photostat or CD is given. A useful site for the explanation on the HEICS library is: www.barnettmaritime.co.uk/mainheic.htm.

HEICS ships would leave from and return to London using a number of stopping points both in the Thames estuary and the south coast. Passengers would more than likely embark and disembark at these stopping points.


Map of the Thames estuary indicating some of the navigational points mentioned in the journals.

Until the opening of the East India Docks at Blackwall in 1806, Company ships moored on the tidal river alongside the Royal shipyards at Deptford. Deptford was the anchorage at the start of the Port of London. The ships moored alongside lines of moorings called tiers and all goods were offloaded on to lighters, hoys or barges and carried by them to wharves on shore or further up river.

Deptford from the South London Guide


1806 - the new East India docks at Blackwall
from Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813.


Circa 1830 - East India docks at Blackwall
from WWW.British-History.ac.uk.


Every attempt has been made to produce a faithful 'abridged' copy of the Journal and Log Book. A glossary along with explanatory notes has been added to help the reader to understand the transcript along with information of other ships and people noted in the Journal. It is realised that errors are possible owing to the difficulty of transcription. The Editor's notes can be found throughout set within square brackets.


Journals and Log Books.

A journal & log is a fascinating record of day-to-day events on board ship such as location, weather, repairs, washing decks, including the gun deck where the crew slept, discipline, loading and unloading, embarking and disembarking and external events. The ledger records everyone on board, their positions and status whether or not they left ship or perished, including passengers. There is also a distinction between the 'Harbour Journal' and the 'Sea Log'. The ledger starts as large blank pages given to the Commander or Purser at the commencement of each voyage. The journal and log is dutifully created by the Commander or assigned officer and the resulting ledger, signed by the Commander is handed in at the end of the voyage. It was the duty of the ship's Purser to deposit the ship's journals etc. at East India House.

Duplicate logs written on HEICS forms survive as in the case of the Warren Hastings in 1825-6 and the Repulse in 1831-32. These have the appearance of being soiled and original as opposed to the rather clean copies handed in to India House. It is not known how many of these copies were kept on a particular voyage or are still extant but their survival must be rare. The keeping of copy journals by midshipmen and junior officers was probably encouraged for training purposes. On a rare occasion such as with the 1822/3 voyage of the ship 'London' to Madras and China, the Captains, the 3rd mate's, a midshipman's and another journal was lodged at India House.


Example of a page from this Journal.
Monday 4th April 1831.


The Juliana

The Juliana was built (extract from Farrington) as an:-

"Extra ship built at Calcutta by Gillet in 1783 as the Peggy. She had 2 decks, 4in bottom, length 112ft 5in, keel 87ft 9in, breadth 32ft 8in, hold 15ft 8in, wing transom 20ft, port cell 26ft 2in, waist 8in, between decks 6ft 9in, ports 6 upper, 498 tons.

The Principal Managing Owner was James Thomas. Three voyages are recorded in Farrington: 1809/10 to Bengal under Captain Jeremiah Richard James Toussaint; 1811/12 to Batavia under Captain Richard Rawes; 1823/4 to China and Quebec under Captain Alexander Fotheringham.

The Juliana's earlier voyages under the name of Peggy are unknown and there is also a conspicuous gap between 1813 and 1823 when no voyages are listed. This probably explains the term 'extra', suggesting that she did not only sail under the HEICS' flag.

The Juliana's first recorded voyage in 1809 was under Captain Toussaint (not recorded as an HEICS Captain in Farrington). Her Ledger's first entry is on 2nd May 1810. Her last recorded voyage by Farrington ends in Quebec, which may suggest a Canadian connection.

On the website: The Ships List, a ship Juliana is recorded by the Montreal Gazette:-
2nd June 1817 as entering the Port of Quebec 14 days before.
9th June 1817 as arriving at the Port of Quebec under Captain Webber from London 1st April. Owner was Mr. M'Kutcheon, suppling cargo of rum, brandy & teas to Matt. Lymburner. She had been damaged by ice.
The Brig Mary & Jane, Capt. Brisby, from Jamaica was wrecked in the ice in the Gulf [Saint Lawrence]. Capt. and crew saved, picked-up and brought to Quebec by the Trader from London, after they had been two days in their boat; one of the men died of fatigue and cold. The Juliana and Union (both arrived) put into Gaspé, where the former reported part of her damages in the ice.

Another probable listing of the Juliana was in 1820, on the website: Germany Roots, when the ship Juliana is recorded as entering the port of New York on 25 Jan 1820, sailing from Madeira, her captain was Elgis Samson.

On the website Immigrant ships, the following extract is of note:-

I Elgis Samson do solemnly, sincerely and truly Swear that the following List or Manifest of Passengers, subscribed with my name, and now delivered by me to the Collector of the Customs for the District of New-York, contains to the best of my knowledge and belief a just and true account of all the Passengers received on board the Brig Juliana whereof I am master from Madiera. So help me God. (Sign) Elgis Samson. Sworn to, the 25 January 1820 before me, John Kearney DC.

LIST OR MANIFEST of all the Passengers taken on board the Brig Juliana whereof Elgis Samson is the master from Madeira , Burthen 203 85/?5 Tons.

  1. Raphael Romea, 34, Male, Merchant, Spain, United States
  2. Vencente Davila, 34, Male, Merchant, Spain, United States
  3. ? Fernando, 30, Male, Servant, Spain, United States

Signed, Elgis Samson

Transcribed by Janice Mann for the Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild 22 May 1999

The above site also records the Juliana leaving London on the 10th April 1820 and arriving at Quebec on the 15th May 1820.

Farrington extract for this voyage:-
The extract from Catalogue of East India Company Ships' Journals and Logs 1600-1834, edited by Anthony Farrington:-

JULIANA:
Principal Managing Owner: James Thomas

          2 1811/2 Batavia

          L/MAR/B/75B      Journal 12 Mar 1812-15 Sep 1813

          L/MAR/B/75E(1)  Ledger

          L/MAR/B/975E(2)  Pay Book

          Capt Richard Rawes

          Falmouth 15 May 1812 - 3 Jun Madeira

          - 30 Sep Batavia - 19 Mar 1813 Cape - 10 Apr St Helena

          - 10 Aug Downs


The Convoy

Honourable East India Company Service ships, were generally well armed and capable of holding their own against single adversaries. The Journals often mention the cleaning of guns and drills taking place. Passing Royal Navy ships would occasionally come alongside Company ships and press some of the crew. However, especially in times of war, Company ships would set sail in convoy, accompanied by a Royal Navy ship with the captain described as a Commander. During the long voyage there would be a fair amount of 'watching out', both for each other and for 'strangers'. If a stranger was not identified quickly then the Royal Navy ship would peel off and give chase. Royal Navy ships would not necessarily be any larger than merchant ships, which had to provide cargo space but they were specifically prepared and better armed with their crew trained for war. A convoy would not remain fixed as there would be ships, both HEICS, Royal Navy ships and others peeling off or joining. This would be especially the case when the convoy reached its port of destination.

Seasonal weather patterns such as prevailing winds would play a part in when ships or convoys would leave England. January to July seems to have been the favoured time to set sail for the Far East.


Approaches to Bombay and Calcutta

HEICS ships bound for Bombay would sail up the west coast of India and various land marks were noted in the Journals as they approached Bombay.


The west coast of India.


HEICS ships bound for Calcutta had to navigate the Hooghly River with its tidal flows and sand banks as they headed for Saugor (Sagar), the main port for disembarkation. Various landmarks were noted in the Journals and the following link to a page on the Internet was of help with some of the names.


Part of the river Hooghly showing the island of Saugor (Sagar).


Approaches to Whampoa


Whampoa
Whampoa anchorage, now called Huangpu, on the Pearl river, was the import and export port
for all foreign ships entering China at Canton (Guangzhou), which is about 12 miles further up river.


Taken from The Opium War 1840-1842 by Peter Ward Fay.


Taken from The Opium War 1840-1842 by Peter Ward Fay.


Landmarks:
Directions for Sailing to and from the East Indies

John Horsburgh, The India Directory or Directions for sailing to and from the East Indies, China, Australia, and the interjacent ports of Africa and South America: originally compiled from the Journal of the Honourable Company's Ships, and from observations and remarks.. First published in two volumes plus supplement in 1811, is a most interesting book which describes the route and landmarks to the Far East, including approaches to the ports of India and China. An electronic version of the book is available on the Internet.

  • Vol. 1: London to the Bay of Bengal.
  • Vol. 2: Bay of Bengal to China, &c.


News Reports

The following newspaper cuttings are of note:-

LONDON: Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh, Scotland), Monday, February 3, 1812.

The Morning Chronicle (London, England), Thursday, April 9, 1812.

Royal Cornwall Gazette, Falmouth Packet & Plymouth Journal (Truro, England), Saturday, May 16, 1812; Issue 464. 19th Century British Library Newspapers: Part II.

Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh, Scotland), Saturday, May 22, 1813; Issue 14264


List of Ships noted in this journal.

List of other ships mentioned in the Journal. Details of the ships have been added by the Editors from a number of sources. The reference is the page on which they are noted for the first time. The main sources for the HCS ships and for their commanders come from Farrington: Catalogue of East India Company's Ship' Journals. Another site used is: eicships.threedecks.org, a useful source for 'country' ships. Information on HM ships comes from the website: www.pbenyon.plus.com, and the Internet.
Page 1 HMS Resolution Believed to be one of the ships called Resolution, listed on the website: www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/R/03913.html#1807. A cutter hired 1807; armament 8; disposed of in 1814. In 1809. the Vanguard, Cyan, and hired armed cutter Resolution, captured the Dutch ketch Jeltzomine den Rofke, the Tigress gun brig in company. Prize money was paid on the 13th December 1809.
Page 1 HMS Phoenix The website Pbenyon, records a number of ships called Phoenix, but does not appear to record this ship. She is mentioned by Captain Rawes on many occasions as being in convoy with the fleet to Batavia, where her Commander, Captain Bowen, is recorded as dying on Saturday the 26th December 1812. Captain Rawes then records her setting sail from Batavia to Madras on 30th December 1812.
Page 8 --- Surat Hoy a hoy or barge belonging to a wharf at Surat.
Page 8 --- Friends Hoy a hoy or barge belonging to a wharf, company or ship called Friends.
Page 8 --- Grant Hoy a hoy or barge belonging to a wharf, company or ship called Grant.
Page 13 HMS Montague Built at Chatham, launched 1779, 3rd rate, armament 74; 1631 tons, complement 594. Disposed 1818. Quite a lot is known about this ship. She is recorded as leading this convoy of HEICS ships from Portsmouth to the East Indies. See: www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/M/03087.html, and Wikipedia. Captain Rawes records her Commodore at this time as being Admiral [Manley] Dixon. His biography is published on Wikipedia .

HMS Montague

Page 13 HCS [Thomas] Grenville Company's own ship built Calcutta, launched 1808, 3 decks, 145ft 10in long, 886 tons. She was sold to Ward & Somes in 1834 for £66.50. This was her third voyage, her Captain was William Patterson.

HCS Thomas Grenville

Page 13 HCS Lord Duncan Built by Perry, launched 1798, 3 decks, 146ft long, 830 tons. This was her seventh and last known voyage, her Captain was Thomas Price.
Page 13 HCS Broxbornebury Built by Pitcher, launched 1812, 3 decks, 132ft long, 709 tons. This was her first voyage, her Captain was Thomas Pitcher [jnr]. She was, in part, a convict ship. On this voyage she carried 120 female prisoners bound for Australia. See: www.historyaustralia.org.au/twconvic/Broxbornebury+1814. See also Wikipedia . She rejoins the convoy on her return voyage at St Helena in June 1813. Her last known voyage was to China and Quebec in 1832.
Page 13 HCS Princess Charlotte of Wales Built by Dudman, launched 1812, 3 decks, 121ft long, 978 tons. This was her maiden voyage, her Captain was John Craig. She was sold in 1831 for £3000 and broken up.
Page 13 HCS Diana Second of that name. An extra ship repaired by Mestaers in 1805, 3 decks, 134ft long, 605 tons. This was her fourth and last recorded voyage. Her captain was David Bowman. She set sail from Batavia to Bengal on 20th December 1812.
Page 13 HCS Sir Godfrey Webster Repaired by Mestaers, measured 1811, 2 decks, 121ft long, 518 tons. This is her only recorded voyage under the Company's flag. Her captain was James Pearson. In 1823, she, or her successor, is recorded as a convict ship. See website: convictrecords.com.au/ships/sir-godfrey-webster/1823.
Page 13 HCS General Wellesley There is a General Wellesley recorded as being built in Calcutta and weighing 480 tons. Its only recorded voyage is under the command of Captain J L Heathorn, sailing from Calcutta in 1813.
Page 13 --- Henry Wellesley The Henry Wellesley is not listed by Farrington as a HEICS ship. There is however a slave ship called by this name listed on the Internet. She made several trips to Australia in the 1830's.
Page 27 HMS Niobe A French frigate captured on 24th Aug. 1800, 5th rate, armament of 38, 1142 tons. Disposed of in 1816 while lying at Deptford. See: www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/N/03263.html.
Page 27 HCS Barrosa A chartered ship, built by Cossipore, 968 tons. Commanded by Captain Benjamin Fergussan. On its first recorded voyage by Farrington, from Bombay. Her last recorded voyage by Farrington was to Quebec in 1833. She was probably named after the Battle of Barrosa in 1811 at Cadiz. On 30th Aug 1841, she set off from Sheerness with convicts bound for Australia. See Google Books for an account of the Barossa, lost at sea in 1847, see: eicships.threedecks.org.
Page 89 HMS Procris Launched 1807, Brig sloop; armament 18. She served in the second Battle of Copenhagen and in 1811 and also took part in the invasion of Java against the Dutch and French forces. See: www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/P/03687.html and Wikipedia. She set sail from Batavia to Madras from 25th December 1812. She was disposed of in 1815.
Page 91 HMS Barracouta Launched in 1807, a sloop. Arrived at Batavia on 12th December 1812. See www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/B/00470.html. Disposed of in 1815.
Page 98 HMS Volage (2nd of that name) Built 1807, 6th rate, 529 tons. Disposed of 1818. See website: HMS Volage

HMS Volage (2)

Page 101 HCS Aurocoer[?] A company Cruizer, nothing known.
Page 104 HCS Mary A Company ship mentioned by Captain Rawes, as arriving at Batavia on 22nd December 1812 from Bengal. Mentioned again as arriving at Cape Town on 19th May 1813 and is probably one of the 3 'Country' ships Captain Rawes recorded arriving at St Helena on 8th June 1813. She has been matched with the ship Mary recorded by Farrington:- Ninth of that name, sailing to New South Wales and Bengal. Farrington records her route:- Portsmouth 26 Nov 1811 to Madeira 1st Dec; to Rio de Janeiro 2nd Jan 1812; to Port Jackson 5th May; to Malacca 28th Sep; to Diamond Harbour 27th Oct; to Calcutta 1st Nov; to Diamond Harbour 7th Feb 1813; to Point de Gaile [Galle] 13 Mar; to St Helena 9th Jun; to Downs 10th Aug. Her Captain is not recorded.
Page 116 HMS Cornelia Launched in 1808. 5th rate, armament 32. In 1811 she took part in the invasion of Java. Disposed of in 1814.
Page 117 HMS Hecata Launched in 1809, a sloop, armament 18. In 1811 she took part in the invasion of Java. Captain Rawes reported her commander as Captain Drury. She was purchased by the revolutionary government of Chile in 1817. See: www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/H/02200.html.
Page 140 HMS Harpy Brig/sloop, launched in 1796. Armament 18, complement 120. Disposed of in 1817. She was involved in many actions, not least in the invasion of Java. See Pbenyon
Page 151 --- Mary Ann 'With a South Sea Mast'.
Page 158 --- James & Mary 'a South Sea whaler'.
Page 158 HMS Niemen A sloop with armament of 40. 1090 tons. "In 1809, the Amethyst chased & captured the French frigate Niemen, with the assistance of the Emerald. The Neimen became a great acquisition to the British Navy". See Pbenyon .
Page 158 HMS Astraea Launched in 1810, 5th rate; armament 36; 954 tons. In 1811, she was in the Indian Ocean capturing ships Renommeé & Neriede. Both ships were added to the Navy List as the Java and the Madagascar. Disposed of on 24th April 1851 described as the "breaking of the Astraea, late storeship at Falmouth. See Pbenyon .
Page 158 HCS David Scott Second of that name. Built by Pitcher, launched 1801. 166ft long, 1276 tons. 6th recorded voyage to China, this one being under Captain John Locke jnr. Last recorded voyage is in 1815.
Page 158 HCS Royal George 4th of the name. Built by Perry and launched in 1802. 165ft long, 1260 tons. 5th recorded voyage to China, this one under Captain Charles Besly Gribble. Last recorded voyage was in 1816.
Page 159 HCS Alexander 3rd of the name. An Extra ship built at Liverpool 1804. 128ft long, 614 tons. 7 voyages to India of which this was her 5th, Commanded by Captain Charles Hazell Newell. Last recorded voyage was in 1816.
Page 160 HCS Warren Hastings (3) Third of the name, Built by Perry, launched 1808. 128ft long at 1000 tons. She made 11 voyages to the east and this was her second. Her Captain was Charles Jones.
Page 160 HCS Marchioness of Ely Built by Wells, launched 1812. 149ft long at 952 tons. She made 9 voyages to the east of which this was her first. Her Captain was Brook Kay. Farrington does not record her visit to St Helena but it is implied by her voyage.
Page 160 HMS Bucephalus A troopship launched in 1808. Armament 32. Took part in the invasion of Java in 1811. In convoy from St Helena to England See Pbenyon .
Page 160 HCS Castle Huntley Built in Bengal 1812. 167ft 7¾in long at 1311 tons. She made 11 voyages to the east of which this was her first under Captain John Paterson.
Page 160 HCS City of London Built by Randall, launched 1799. 146ft long at 820 tons. 6 voyages to India are recorded, this was her 6th voyage commanded by Captain Thomas Jenkins.
Page 160 HCS Coldstream An Extra ship built by Dudman, launched in 1810. 133ft long at 693 tons. Nine voyages to the east are recorded, this being her first under Captain James P Mansell.
Page 160 HCS Lord Keith Built by Mestier, launched 1804, 132ft long, 599 tons. This was her 5th recorded voyage to Bengal. Her Captain was John Freeman. Captain Rawes had sailed on her as 1st Mate in 1809/10. Her last recorded voyage was in 1818.
Page 165 --- Camperdown Bay No information but maybe connected to Australia in some way because of her name - a suburb of Sydney. She may also be the barque Camperdown arriving in Quebec from Limerick on 7th September 1819.


CONTENTS OF SHIP'S LOG


Log Pages Description Date

1-2 Title Page: Capt'n Bayliff's Log 10 Mar 1806

3-5 Ship's Company ditto

6-11 Blackwall 12th March to 29th April 1812

12-13 Blackwall to Isle of Wight 30th April to 7th May 1812

14-15 Isle of Wight to Falmouth 8th May to 10th May 1812

15-16 At Falmouth 11th May to 15th May 1812

17-26 Falmouth to Madeira 16th May to 2nd June 1812

27-28 At Madeira 3rd June to 14th June 1812

29-81 Madeira to Batavia 15th June to 26th September 1812

82-83 Straits of Sunda, Batavia 27th September 1812

84-113 At Batavia 29th Sept to 25th January 1813

114-118 Straits of Sunda, Batavia 28th January to 2nd February 1813

119-150 Straits of Sunda, Batavia 3rd February to 10th April 1813

151-162 At Helena 11th April to 18th June 1813

163-188 St Helena to The Downs, England 19th June to 10th August 1813

189-190 The Downs to Blackwall 11th August to 15th August 1813

191-196 At Blackwall 16th Aug to 15 September 1813

204-204 Prisoners & Soldiers Landed 14th August 1813

205 End of Log 15th September 1813


Journal & Log:

[Page 1-2:]
[The first image is of the front cover and is numbered '2'. The title page appears to be missing, and the next image, numbered '3' is the first page of the crew list.]


First page of journal and an example
of Captain Rawes' handwriting.

[Page 3:]

[HARBOUR JOURNAL]




Rec'd 23rd August 1813
List of Juliana's Ships Company
No, Names Stations Dec'd, Run, Discharges etc. [With added notes from Farrington.]
1 Richard Rawes Commander [Born 2 Jul & bap Bromley, Kent 28 Jul 1784, s of Richard & Mary; midshipman Northampton (2) 1801; 4th mate Northampton (2) 1802/3; 3rd mate Northampton (2) 1804/5; 2nd mate Northampton (2) 1806/7; 1st mate Lord Keith 1809/10; Captain Juliana 1811/2; Captain Warren Hastings (5) 1814/5, 1818/9, 1822/23 & 1824/5.]
2 John E Johnson 1st Officer. [John Edward Johnson was born 15 Jan 1788 & bap 3 Oct 1788 St Margaret's, Westminster, son of Edward & Maria; 2nd mate Retreat 1808/9; 1st mate Juliana 1811/12; petitioned Poplar Fund 1819.]
3 Thomas F Seacole 2nd Officer. [Thomas Fowler Seacole, was born 19 Jul 1787 & bap 21 Aug 1788 St Mary's Whitechapel, London, son of Thomas & Ann, of Prescot St; 3rd mate Georgiana (1) 1807/8 & 1809/10; 2nd mate Juliana 1811/2; 2nd mate Thomas Grenville 1813/4; 2nd mate Alexander (3) 1815/6.]
4 Porteus Smith 3rd Officer [All that is recorded is that Porteus Smith was 3rd mate of the Juliana.]
5 Joseph Woodhouse Surgeon [All that is recorded is that Joseph Woodhouse was surgeon on the Juliana.]
6 Rich'd Rawes Purser [Richard Rawes, cousin to Captain Richard Rawes, was born 11 Sep 1785, bap Shap 13 Sep 1785. purser Juliana 1811/2; Wexford 1813/4 & 1815/6; Warren Hastings (5) 1818/9; Vansittart (4) 1820/1; 1822/3, 1824/5 & 1826/7.]
7 Joseph Friend Carpenter
8 Samuel Phillips Gunner Died at Batavia Dec 23rd 1812.
9 Richard Keefe Boatswain
10 James Irvin Ship's Steward
11 John Clarke Midshipman
12 James Adney Midshipman
13 Thomas Bell Sailmaker
14 John Allen Capt'ns Steward Died at Batavia Dec 17th 1812.
15 James Allcott Capt'ns Cook
16 William Blair Ship's Cook [Pressed on 10th Aug 1813.]
17 Joseph Bailey Carpenter's mate & Caulker
18 William Spain Butcher
19 William Pitt Capt'ns Servant
20 Jessy Long Quartermaster Died at Batavia 8th Jany 1813.
21 Samuel Starkey Boats'ns mate Taken at Falmouth by HMS Revolution as a Deserter from the Navy May 11th 1812.
22 John Vanorden Gunner's Mate
23 George Haywood Seaman Died at Batavia 17th Jany 1813. Taken on Board HMS Revolution.
24 Henry Dennis Do Taken on Board HMS Revolution [11th May 1812.]
25 William Drabble Do Impress'd by HMS Phoenix Octr 1st 1812 [26th Sep 1812].
26 Peter Olson Do
27 Phillip Lampley Do Impress'd by HMS Phoenix Octr 1st 1812 [26th Sep 1812].
28 George Armstrong Do Taken on Board HMS Revolution [11th May 1812].
29 George Griesfield Do Taken on Board HMS Revolution [11th May 1812].
30 Joseph Beale Do
31 Surin Peterson Do
32 Feliciano Do Run at Madeira June 4th 1812 [10th Jun 1812].
33 William Boreham Do Died at St Helena June 16th 1813.
34 Lewis Petres Do [He is Lewis Peters in the Receipt Book.]
35 Andrew Surman Do
36 Gerrard Fesarien Do Died at sea August 4th 1813
37 John Pedro Do Run at Madeira Jun 4th 1812 [10th Jun 1812].
38 John Johnson Do
39 Dan'l Timmerman Do
40 Ab't Cornelius Gose Do Died at sea March 30th 1813
[Page 4:]
This is my original journal - Witness C Collingwood - R Rawes, Commander [Signed]
41 John Patterson Ordinary Seaman Delivered himself up to the Resolution [11th May 1812].
42 George Inkerton Do [Pressed on 10th Aug 1813]. [Inclidon in Journal and Pinkerton in the Ledger and Payment Book.]
43 John Robinson Do
44 James Norridge Do Impress'd by HMS Phoenix Octr 1st 1812 [26th Sep 1812].
45 Joseph Conquest Do
46 Thomas Anderson Do Impress'd by HMS Phoenix Octr 1st 1812 26th Sep 1812].
47 Matthias Rodrigo Do Run at Madeira June 4th 1812 [10th Jun 1812].
48 William Jones Do Taken by HMS Resolution [11th May 1812].
49 John Crampsey Do
50 Robert Griffiths Do [Captain Rawes recorded a William Griffith taken by HMS Phoenix 26th Sep 1812].
51 Thomas Dunn Do
52 David Delahanty Do
53 William Lewis Do Impressed HMS Phoenix Octr 1st 1812 [Not recorded in Journal as being pressed].
54 Matthias Arnandy Do Taken on Board HMS Resolution [13th May 1812].
55 Lewis Gonsalves Do Run at Madeira June 4th 1812 [10th Jun 1812].
56 Thomas Bird Do
57 William Osborn Do Impress'd by HMS Phoenix Octr 14th 1812 [16th Oct 1812].
58 John Green Seaman Impress'd by HMS Phoenix Octr 14th 1812 [26th Sep 1812].
59 Joseph Gear Ordinary Do
60 Jose Solis Do
61 Arthur Bound Do
62 Chas L'Overman Q'r Master
63 John Antonis Seaman
64 Jos'h Silver Ory Do
65 Nath Stetzer Do
66 Mr Dobberobsckie Do
67 Mat Habriel Do
68 Adrianus Kett Do [Kitt in Ledger and Payment Book.]
69 Dirk Brauer Do
70 Peter Lawrence Do
71 Geo Koning Do
72 Magnus Kaus Do [Died at Sea 28th March 1813].
73 Peter Lumstrum Seaman
[Page 5:]
A List of the Names of the Passengers on Board the HC Ship Juliana from London to Batavia.

Received the undermentioned Passengers on Board at Portsmouth May 6th 1812.

01 George Macgregor Lieut Colonel HM 59th Regt
01 Mrs Macgregor Wife of George Macgregor
03 Jn Erasmus Spier Lieutenant HM 59th Regt
04 Edward Scott Ensign do
05 Thos R'd Wolfe Ensign do
06 Thos McGregor son of Col'l McGregor born at sea
Landed the above at Batavia October the 1st 1812.

A list of Passengers returning to England on Board the Hon'ble Companys extra Ship Juliana.

Rec'd the undermentioned Passengers on B'd at Batavia Jany 23rd 1813.

01 Mrs Robinson Wife of Major Wm Robinson
02 Mast'r Chas Robinson son of Do Landed the three at Cape of Good Hope March 19th 1813.
03 Lt Col Vandervoorn Dutch Prisoner of War
04 John Henderson Surgeon HC Service
05 Chas Douglas Capt'n HM 59th Regt
06 Thos Sword Paymaster HM 14th Regt. Died at Sea.
07 Geo Hunter Lieut HC Service
08 Wm Nichisson Lieut HM 14th Regt
09 John Leavock Gr Master HM 78th Regt
10 John Brohier Late a Lieut HM 59th Regt
Landed the above seven Passengers at Portsmouth August 9th 1813.

See end Journal for Remainder

[Page 6:]
H. C. Ship Juliana Black Wall

Thursday 12th March 1812.
Light breezes from NW and fair, at Noon Mr Davis H. C. Inspector boarded the Ship and left Mr Cook on board; cleared the limbers and otherwise employed stowing Ground Tea butts; found on board 19 Fathoms billet wood & 20 Butts. Pumped Ship. Officers on board 1st & 2nd. Draft of water - Fore 10.2 & Aft 10.9.

[Construction of the extensive new East India Docks between Blackwall and the point where the River Lea enters the Thames was now complete. By the end of July 1806 the docks had been filled and the first ships entered the new basin on Friday 2 August 1806. A grand opening ceremony was held the following Monday the 5th in the presence of the Minister of State, Directors of the Honourable Company (one of whom was a Joseph Huddart, Esq.) and the Civil Engineers Rennie and Walker. The party was elegantly entertained at the London Tavern as guests of the Company. - Ed BB]

13th.
Wind from the north and fine weather; employed in the hold stowing butts; filled 12 casks of water & received the remainder of our butts. Carpenter fitting Jury sail mast. Officers on board – 1st & 2nd.

14th.
Wind from the N & S. Cloudy weather with rain; employed in the fore hold filling water. P.M. received on board the Ships Coals; fidded the top mast & crossed the top sail yards. Officers on board 1st & 2nd.

15th.
This day – Sunday. No persons admitted into the docks.

16th.
Fresh breezes from the NNE and cold weather; employed receiving Bar Iron on Acc’t of Hon’ble Company and stowing it in the hold. Riggers about the rigging; crossed the lower yards etc. Officers on board 1st & 2nd.

17th.
Fresh breezes from NE and cloudy weather; employed receiving Iron on Acc’t of Hon’ble Company. Riggers busy. Officers on board. Draft Fore 12.1 & Aft 11.1.

18th.
Light breezes from NE and fair; employed receiving Anchors on Acc’t of Hon’ble Company & stowing them in the main hold. Riggers about the rigging. Officers on board 1st & 2nd.

19th.
Light breezes from the NE and fair weather; employed in receiving Bar Iron; swayed the Top Gallant masts up & crossed the yards. Bent sails & otherwise employed in preparing to go to Gravesend. Draft of water Fore 12.9 & Aft 11.11. Officers on board 1st & 2nd.

[Page 7:]
Friday 20th.
Light breezes from the eastward and cloudy weather. Received on board the Ship’s Guns. At 5pm Mr Chippendale, Pilot, came on board to navigate the Ship to Gravesend should the wind be favourable. Captain, Chief & second Mates on board. Draft Fore 12.10 & Aft 12.4.

21st.
Light winds from the NE and cloudy weather with rain; employed receiving the Ship’s Cables and Anchors. PM bent the bower cables and hung the swivels to the bows. Officers on board. Draft Fore 13.1 & Aft 12.9.

22nd.
Sunday; light winds from the eastward & cloudy weather with rain; the Ship ready to go to Gravesend whenever the wind will permit. AM scraped the decks; Riggers about the rigging. Captain and 1st & 2nd Mates on board.

23rd.
Light winds from the NE and cloudy weather with rain; at 6am hauled the Ship out of the basin; at 9am the Flood having made and the wind proving foul, we hauled her into her former berth & secured her. Commander, 1st & 2nd Mates on board.

24th.
The wind still continuing at NE and rainy weather; employed receiving on board Iron Hoops and Anchors on Acc’t of Hon’ble Company; could not move the Ship, the wind not permitting. Draft fore 13.6 & Aft 12.8.

25th.
Wind from the northward with cold snowy weather; employed in the hold stowing Iron & at 11am Mr Chippendale, Pilot, came on board and took charge of the Ship; at 1pm hauled out of the basin into the River and made sail for Gravesend with the wind at north. Fresh breeze; at 3pm anchored with the small bower in Northfleet Hope; at 7pm weighed & dropped into Gravesend Reach; moored Ship with the our swivel half cable each way, when the Captain & Pilot left the Ship. Officers on board 1st & 2nd. Draft on water Fore 13.6 & Aft 12.8.

[Page 8:]
Thursday 26th.
Light breezes from the west and fair weather. AM loosed sails to dry; down Top Gallant masts and yards. PM unbent sails and put them below. 1st & 2nd Officers on board.

27th.
Wind from the north east and cloudy weather. No craft down for the Ship. People employed working up Junk. At 4am a Brig in tacking missed stays and carried away our Jib Boom having no boat alongside could not learn her name. 1st & 2nd Officers on board.

28th.
Fresh breezes from the south west with hard squalls and rain; employed receiving Mails on Acc’t of Hon’ble Company. PM ranged the sheet cable & 1st & 2nd Officers on board.

29th.
Wind from the SW with squalls and rain; washed decks and cleaned ship. Officers on board 1st & 2nd.

30th.
Strong breeze from SW with hard squalls and rain; employed receiving Hon’ble Company’s Spars. Riggers about the rigging. Officers on board 1st & 2nd.

31st.
Fresh breeze from the eastward and cloudy weather; employed receiving on board Hon’ble Company’s Cargo & Spans. PM hoisted the guns up out of the hold and secured them. 1st & 2nd Officers on board.

April 1st 1812.
Light easterly winds & cloudy; received 271 Packages of sheet Copper from Surat Hoy on Acc’t of the Company. Riggers about the rigging, 2nd & 3rd Officers on board.

2nd.
Wind from south west with rain; employed receiving 70 casks of Beef & Pork and 20 Fathoms of Billet Wood from the Friends Hoy. 2nd & 3rd Officers on board.

3rd.
Strong south west winds with rains; employed clearing the Grant Hoy of Company’s Cargo and stowing it in in the hold. 2nd & 3rd Officers on board.

[Page 9:]
Saturday 4th April 1812.
Wind from the eastward with fine weather throughout; employed as yesterday. Received the Ship’s and Captain’s Store Cheese & blacked the yards. 1st, 2nd & 3rd Officers on board.

5th.
Light breeze from south west with rain at times; washed and cleared decks; pumped Ship. Captain visited Ship. 1st, 2nd & 3rd Officers on board.

6th.
Light breeze from the south west and fair weather; employed receiving private Trade and also about the rigging. Officers on board 1st, 2ne & 3rd.

7th.
Light breeze from the SW with rain; employed receiving on board private Trade and stowing it away; all Officers on board.

8th.
The wind the same as yesterday; employed receiving on board Company’s Cargo. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

9th.
Employed as yesterday; the wind & weather nearly the same

10th.
Wind westerly and cloudy weather; received on board Goods allowed on Victualing Bill, Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

11th.
Light breeze from the westward and cloudy weather; employed receiving on board the Ship’s Stores; received six men on board, employed for the Service. 1st & 3rd Officers on board.

12th.
Ditto wind & weather; employed as yesterday; Officers on board; also scraped decks; pumped Ship & the Captain on board.

13th.
Strong breeze from the eastward and cloudy weather; employed receiving Company’s Cargo. Riggers on the rigging; receiving three men for the Ship. 1st & 3rd Officers on board.

[Page 10:]
Tuesday 14th April 1812.
Ditto wind & weather; employed receiving Company’s Cargo; received five men for the Ship. Captain & Officers aboard.

15th.
The wind and weather the same as past days; employed receiving Company’s cargo and private Trade; Gunner painting the masts; Captain and Officers on board. Draft of water Fore 15.10 & Aft 15.5.

16th.
Fresh breeze from the eastward and cloudy weather; employed in the hold and about the rigging; Gunner painting the masts; Captain and all Officers on board.

17th.
Fresh breeze from the NW and cloudy weather; received on board 50 casks of Beer; Riggers about the rigging; Captain and all Officers on board.

18th.
Ditto wind and weather; employed in the hold and under the Boatswain; Captain and all Officers on board.

19th.
Light breeze westward and cloudy weather. AM scraped and washed decks; pumped Ship; Captain and all Officers on board.

20th.
Wind from the westward and fair weather; received the Ship’s sails, stores, cordage and other Stores; also 20 Barrels of Gunpowder for the use of the Ship. Captain and all Officers on board.

21st.
Wind and weather the same; received on board the remainder of the Ship’s Stores and 15 Fathoms of Billet Wood; All Officers on board.

22nd.
Fresh breeze from NW; employed receiving the Ship’s Cables and serving them. Captain and all Officers on board .

23rd.
A fresh breeze from the NE and cloudy weather. Set the Rigging up Fore and Aft. Received the Ship’s Boats; hoisted in the Long Boat & discharged the Lumpers. All Officers on board. Draft Fore 16.6 & Aft 17.3.

[Page 11:]
Friday 24th April 1812.
Light breeze from the NW and cloudy weather. Hoisted in the Ship’s Raft; bent sails and otherwise employed in forwarding ship to leave Gravesend. Captain and all Officers on board.

25th.
Wind from south west with squalls and rain. AM got the Jib Boom out and bent the Jib and Fore Top sail; at 10 Mr Mitchell, Pilot, came on board and took charge of the Ship. At 1pm weighed our best Bower and unmoored; hove short; at 6 hove up the anchor and made sail. At half past 9 brought up with the best bower in 5 fathoms in the lower Hope; furled sails. Captain and Officers on board. PM an Official came on board from the Customs House with the Ship’s Cockets; as also Mr Woodhouse Surgeon; Draft Fore 16.6.& Aft 17.3.

[Cockets – Seals belonging to the King’s Custom House or a sealed document with certificates showing that duty had been paid on the merchandise ]

26th.
Light variable winds with rain. AM bent the main sail & washed decks; mustered the Ship’s Company. Captain and Officers on board.

27th.
Light breeze eastward with rain. PM Captain Thomas came on board and paid the Ship’s Company; Captain and all Officers on board.

28th.
Light breeze from ESE and cloudy weather with rain; at half past 3am weighed and made sail from the lower Hope; at half past 6 anchored in the Lee Roads in 5½ Fathoms with the best bower; furled sails. Came down the Company’s Pilot Schooner; at half past 2pm sealed the Guns and loaded them afresh, then weighed & made sail in company with the Schooner, and turned down the Wharp; at 8 anchored in 8 Fathoms; furled sails; Black Tail Beacon bearing north. Distant half mile. Captain and Officers on board.

29th.
Wind from eastward and cloudy weather; at 4am weighed and made sail; at 6 anchored in the Girdler Hole in 12 Fathoms; at half past 2pm weighed and made sail; wind ENE & crossed the Flats least water 6 Fathoms, and turned down the Queens channel; at 8 passed through the Downs. South Forelands SW ½ W.

[Start of Sea Log]

[Page 12:]
Juliana from London towards Madeira.

Thursday 30th April 1812.
6am High land of Farleigh NNW, 8 leagues. Employed serving the best bower & at noon Beachy Head NbW half W 4 leagues. Lat (obs’d) 50.35N.

Friday 1st May 1812.
Variable light winds from eastwards with hazy weather during the night, latter part fair. AM scraped and cleaned decks; at 4pm extent of land from EbN to NbW. Distance 6 leagues. At daylight too hazy to see land; at 10am the fog clearing up; saw land bearing NEbN. Distance 4 miles. Culver Cliff NW; at Noon Owers[?] NNE half E. This Log ends at Noon & commences Harbour Log

[End of Sea Log]

[Start of Harbour Journal]

[Page 13:]
Ship Juliana from London

Saturday 2nd May 1812.
At 4pm running in for Portsmouth; at 8 anchored at the Mother Bank in 6 Fathoms; at 3am moored Ship a cable each way, when the pilot left the Ship. Bearings where needed. Captain and all Officers on board.

Sunday 3rd May 3. Light breezes easterly; employed cleaning decks; scrubbed hammocks; received on board some Grain and Stock. Came on board Lieut Spier & Ensign Scot, passengers to Batavia. Captain and Officers on board.

Monday 4th.
Wind and weather as yesterday; employed setting the rigging up as needful, blacked the Bends; loosed sails in the 1st Reef & furled them. Sunset downs Top Gallant yards.

Tuesday 5th.
Light winds from the east and cloudy weather; at 11am unmoored Ship and hove in the Cable service; people employed under the boatswain & as needful.

Wednesday 6th.
Light winds easterly and fair weather; at 10am Commodore made signal to weigh, which done we sailed to St Helens?. Discharged from the Ship John Robertson, John Howard being incapable of doing their duty from ill health. Came on board Lieutenant Colonel MacGregor and wife, passengers to Batavia; at 2pm brought up in St Helens in 10 Fathoms old Church West, Bembridge Lodge south west; at 5 Captain Rawes went on board the Commodore and returned with Instructions at half past.

Thursday 7th May 1812.
Strong breeze from the eastward and cloudy weather. At 4am Commodore made signal to weigh; half past 4 repeated and at 6 made signal again; loosed sails & 1st & 2nd Reefs. Commodore weighed and stood out. At 8am weighed and made sail in company with HM Ship Montague Admiral Dixon; together with H.C. Ships Granville [Thomas Grenville], Lord Duncan, Broxbornbury, P. Charlotte of Wales, Diana and Webster; also General and Henry Wellesley Country Ships. At 8am Dunnose WbS, Old Church NWbN. At 10 hove to for the ships in the Road when Mr Cooke, Surveyor and pilot left the Ship; then hove to on our Station; waiting for the remainder of our Fleet. At half past 11 Commodore made signal for rendezvous Plymouth; at Noon extremes of land from EbN to NebN. Lat (obs’d) 50.31N.

[End of Harbour Journal]

[Start of Sea Log]

[Page 14:]
Towards Madeira

Friday 8th May 1812.
Strong breezes from the eastward and fine weather decreasing in the latter part. At 2pm the body of the land bearing north. 4 too hazy to see the land. At 7 a signal from the Commodore – could not make it out till we came up with him. At 8am saw the land about the Start [Point] bearing NNE. Long 4.21W.

Saturday 9th May 1812.
First part light winds & cloudy; middle & latter fresh with heavy swell from the WSW which made the Ship very uneasy. At 7pm passed through the Fleet some Brigs standing to the westward. People employed under the Boatswain. Cleaned the middle deck. At 11am Signal to bear up & steer NbE & make all sail. Lat (Obs’d) 49.2.

[Page 15:]
Juliana from London

Sunday 10th May 1812.
Fresh breezes throughout with hazy weather. At 5pm saw the land bearing NE to ENE. Distance 5 Leagues. At 7am the haze clearing up; saw the land bearing N Distance 4 or 5 League. At half past 7 Black Head NWbN. Mr Lawrie came on board and took Charge of the Ship; at 8 the Manacles NEbN; at 10am anchored in Falmouth Harbour in 16 Fathoms water and moored Ship half a cable each way. Manacles Point SSW. Pendennis Castle SW, St Maws Point SbW. Falmouth Town WbS. Commodore SW half S. This Log contains 36 hours & ends at midnight. Draft of water Fore 16.3 & Aft 17.1.

[End of Sea Log]

[Start of Harbour Journal]

Monday 11th May 1812.
Westerly winds & fine weather. Stayed the masts & set the rigging up fore & aft. Surrendered themselves as deserters from His Majesty’s Navy – Samuel Starkey Boatswain’s Mate, Henry Dennis, George Armstrong, George Griesfield, Seaman; John Patterson & Wm Jones, Ordinary Seamen.

Tuesday 12th May 1812.
NW winds with rain at times. Employed under the Boatswain. Gunner painting the Ship; loosed sail to dry; cleaned the lower deck.

[Page 16:]
Towards Madeira

Wednesday 13th May 1812.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed about the rigging; Gunners as before. AM Matthias Arnandy[?] was taken out of the Ship as a deserter from the H.M. Navy,

Thursday 14th May.
Strong NW winds in the first part, middle & latter variable with rain. People & tradesmen as requisite. At 5pm Commodore hoisted Blue Peter. Cleaned the lower deck.

Friday 15th May 1812.
NE winds & cloudy weather; at 8am unmoored Pr Signal; at half past signal to weigh; at 9am the Commodore weighed & stood out of the Harbour, but the wind shifting round to the southward she came to anchor outside. This Log contains 12 hours. Draft of water Fore 16.3 & Aft 17.1. 8000 gallons of water on board

[End of Harbour Journal]

[Start of Sea Log]

[Page 17:]
Juliana from Falmouth

Blank

[Page 18:]
Towards Madeira

Saturday 16th May 1812.
C&D S41W 53. Variable winds and hazy at times with rain. At 7pm the Manacles Rocks NNE; the Lizard Point WbN. At 8 the Lizard Lights NWbW Distance 3 Leagues. At 10 Lizard Lights N; at 11 N; at 12 NNE; at 1 NE Distance 6 Leagues. At 10am Commodore went in chase of Stranger showed American Colours. AM Cleared between decks & exercised Great Guns & small arms. Departing from Lizard at 1pm; at Noon Commodore standing into the Fleet. Lat 49.17N Long 5.56W.

Sunday 17th May 1812.
C&D S50W 135. Increasing breezes; hazy weather with rain at times. Performed Divine Service; mustered Ship’s Company. Lat 47.50N Long 8.36W.

[Page 19:]
Juliana from Falmouth

Monday May 18th 1812.
C&D S43W 115. Unsettled squally weather with rain at times. Watch as requisite. Sick List 6 men. Lat 46.14N Long 10.8W.

Tuesday May 19th 1812.
WbS 80. Fresh breezes with unsettled cloudy weather in the first & middle parts, latter moderate & fair. A swell at SW. PM stowed the anchors; People employed under the Boatswain making matts. Sailmaker making Hammock Cloths. 5 in Sick List. Lat 45.52N Long 11.56W.

[Page 20:]
Towards Madeira

Wednesday May 20th 1812.
C&D S41W 53. Moderate breezes & cloudy weather. Employed as yesterday; cleaned the lower deck. At 6am saw 4 Strange sail bearing NWbN Dist 3 Leagues. 2 men in the Sick List. Lat 49.117N Long 5.56W.

Thursday 21st May 1812.
C&D S5W 52. Light winds variable with fine pleasant weather. Employed as before. Gunner painting Hammock Clothes – Other tradesmen as most useful. At daylight a strange sail bearing East. At Noon Stranger, courses down bearing SEbE. Lat 44.44N Long 12.57W.

[Page 21:]
Juliana from Falmouth

Friday May 22nd 1812.
C&D S27W 30. Light variable winds & cloudy weather. Employed under the Boatswain. Gunner as yesterday. Carpenter making a flying Jib boom. 1 in the Sick List. Lat 44.0N Long 13.19W.

Saturday May 23rd 1812.
C&D SbE 38. Light breezes throughout with fine weather. Employed as yesterday. Washed between decks & exercised Great Guns & small arms. Lat 43.38N Long 13.14W.

[Page 22:]
Towards Madeira

Sunday May 24th 1812.
C&D SWbW 40. Light airs in the first & middle part latter a light breeze; pleasant weather throughout. Performed Divine Service & mustered Ship’s Company. Lat 43.2N Long 12.29W.

Monday May 25th.
C&D S26W 80. Pleasant breeze in first part latter light airs – fair throughout. AM got the flying Jib boom out & bent the sail Tradesmen usefully employed. At daylight a Strange sail bearing SWbW – 3 standing to the southward. Lat 41.50 Long 14.15W.

[Page 23:]
Juliana from England

Tuesday 26th May 1812.
C&D S22W 82. Light breeze from the NW and fair weather. At half past 10pm Commodore went in chase of a Schooner to Leeward at 12 made sail again towards the Fleet. People employed working up Junk. At 10 Commodore spoke [to] the Stranger a Brig. At Noon a Strange sail bearing SW Distance 5 miles. Lat 40.34N Long 13.39W.

Wednesday 27th May.
C&D S18W 81. Light breeze in the first part; middle & latter squally with rain. Employed working up Junk; cleaned the lower deck. Lat 38.55N Long 15.27W.

[Page 24:]
Towards Madeira

Thursday May 28th 1812.
C&D S12W 108. Breeze increasing to a brisk gale with hard squalls & rain in the first & middle parts, latter more moderate. Employed as needful. Lat 37.9N Long 15.55W.

Friday 29th May 1812.
C&D S10W 78. Moderate breezes & fine weather. A swell from the southward. Lat 35.23N Long 16.12W.

[Page 25:]
Juliana from England

Saturday May 30th 1812.
C&D SSE 59. Variable winds & cloudy weather. Bent the bower cables. Lat 34.12N Long 15.45W.

Sunday May 31st 1812.
C&D S68W 69. Light breezes & fair weather for the most part. A large swell & the NW which makes the Ship roll heavily. Performed Divine Service. Mustered the Ship’s Company. Lat 34.5N Long 17W.

[Page 26:]
Towards Madeira

Monday June 1st 1812.
C&D S73W 30. Light airs & calms throughout; swell much abated in the latter part.AM unstowed the anchor and rove the Harbour Gear. At 10am saw the Island of Porto Santo, bearing WbN Distance 15 or 16 Leagues. Made Signal for ditto. Lat 33.15N Long 15.26W. Light breezes & fine weather throughout. At sunset the body of Porto Santo WNW 8 or 9 Leagues. Island of Madeira W½N. At daylight Porto Santo SWbW to NW½W Distance 4 Leagues. South Deserta WbS½S. North Deserta WSW. The Island of Madeira W ½ N 15 Leagues. At Noon Madeira W½N, Porto Santo NNW, Deserta WSW. Lat 32.52N.

[End of Sea Log]

[Start of Harbour Journal]

[Page 27:]
Juliana at Madeira

Wednesday June 3rd 1812.
Light breezes at northward in the first part, latter variable fair weather. At sunset the Desertas bearing SbW. Brazen Head WbN; Extremes of Madeira WbN to NbE. At daylight filled & made sail for the Roads bearing NNW distance 10m. At 2pm came to with the best bower in 40 Fathoms; steaded Ship with the Kedge. Loo Rock NbW, Brazen ESE, Distance ¾ mile. Down Top Gallant yards, unbent the sails & put them below. Found here H.M. Ship Niobe & several merchantmen.

Wednesday 4th June.
Light winds & calms, sultry weather. Employed shifting Beer from main to after hold for the Wine; Boatswain & gang fluting the Bob stays & Fore rigging. Carpenter repairing the Fore Top. AM Signal 168 Orders to be ready for sea on Monday. At Noon the Admiral & Ships fired a royal salute.

Friday 5 June.
Employed receiving Wine on Acc’t of Hon’ble Company. Set the Bob stays up, stayed the Fore mast & set the rigging up. Carpenter as yesterday; sent 9 butts on shore for water. Draft of water 16.1 Fore & 17.2 Aft as near as the swell would permit.

[Page 28:]
Juliana at Madeira

Saturday 6th June.
Light breezes from the westward & fair weather; received the remainder of the Wine on Acc’t of the Hon’ble Company. AM set up the main rigging – finished filling our water. Carpenter as yesterday.

Sunday 7th June.
Light breeze from westward and fine weather. Employed setting the rigging up & preparing to sail; Carpenter finished the Fore Top; Getting Ship ready for sea. Prevented Divine Worship.

Monday 8th June.
Ditto winds & weather. AM Stayed the Fore Top mast & set the rigging up; Ship ready for sea but detained by the other ships. AM Loosed sails to air Draft of water Fore 16.4 & Aft 17.0.

Tuesday 9th June.
Light winds from the westward & fine weather. Employed cleaning the Ship & as needful. Carpenter making a Sky Sail mast. Signal 168 received Orders to prepare for sea.

Wednesday 10th June.
Light variable weather; People employed under the Boatswain. AM crossed Top Gallant yards; Carpenter as yesterday. Run from the Ship John Pedro, Lewis Gonsalvez & Feliciano, Ordinary Seamen.

Thursday 11th June.
Ditto winds & weather; employed as necessary; Carpenter as before. Filled all our water.

Friday 12th June.
Light breeze at westward, fine weather; at 8am Commodore made Signal to prepare for sailing. Bent Top Gallant sails & Royals. This Log contains 12 hours.

[End of Harbour Journal]

[Start of Sea Log]

[Page 29:]
Juliana at Madeira
Saturday June 13th 1812.
Signal to weigh. Light variable winds & fine weather. Stowed the anchor & unbent cables; Unrove Harbour guards. At Noon the [Thomas] Grenville & Broxbornbury in company - One ship standing out of harbour.Lat 32.20N.

Sunday June 14th. Light airs, variable fair weather; At sunset extremes of Madeira at N ½ W to ENE, Distance 4 Leagues. 8,700 Gallons of water on board. At daylight extremes of land ENE to N; Desertas at SEbE to E.AM Performed Divine Service. Lat (obs) 32.19N Long 17.12.

[Page 30:]
Towards Batavia

Monday June 15th 1812.
C&D S38W 79. Light breezes & pleasant weather. At sunset the extremes of the Island of Madeira at EbE to NE ½ N Distance 10 Leagues. I take my departure at Funchall [Funchal, Madeira] Lat 32.37N Long 16.57W. AM roused the sails upon the deck to overhaul & air. Carpenter making Sky sail mast – other Tradesmen as needful. Lat 31.18N Long 18.10W.

Tuesday 16th June.
C&D S48W 128. A pleasant breeze & fine weather. PM shifted the courses with the new ones. At 4pm saw a strange Brig standing to the NW. People employed making small stuff & under the Boatswain. Sailmaker middle stitching the 2nd best Fore sail. Lat 29.40N Long 19.59W.

[Page 31:]
Juliana from Madeira

Wednesday 17th June 1812.
C&D S38W 167. Fresh breeze & fair weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker as yesterday. AM Cleaned the Gun deck; rove new Tiller Ropes & shifted the Fore Top Gallant sail with the old one. Lat 27.30N Long 2.54W.

Thursday 18th June.
C&D S37W 178. A fresh Trade throughout & pleasant weather. Employed as yesterday. Shifted the Main Top sail with the old one. At 11am the Commodore stood towards the westward and at Noon joined the Fleet. Lat 25.7N Long 23.53W.

[Page 32:]
Towards Batavia C&D S38W 151. Brisk Trade throughout & hazy weather. People under the Boatswain fitting Top Gallant breast back stays & Bentinck shrouds. Sailmaker middle stitching the 2nd Best Main sail. Lat 23.8N Long 25.33W.

[Inventor:-
Bentinck had great ingenuity in mechanical pursuits, and effected many useful nautical improvements, especially with regard to ships' pumps. He introduced such important additions and improvements into the chain pump used on board ship as to have gained the credit of its invention. He gave his name to "Bentinck shrouds", which supported the rigging of masts. Next, he invented the "Bentinck boom" which, among other things, made going about much easier. Finally, Bentinck developed a triangular mainsail often used as a storm sail which became known as simply "the Bentinck sail". On 20 June 1765, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.]

Saturday 20th June.
C&D S37W 165. Ditto winds & weather. Washed the lower deck and exercised great Gun & small arms. Sailmaker as before. Lat 20.45N Long 27.18W.

[Page 33:]
Juliana from Madeira

Sunday 21st June 1812.
C&D S7W 168. Brisk Trade throughout & cloudy weather. AM Read Divine Service & mustered Ship’s Company. This weeks expenditure 429 Gallons; Water on board 8271 Gallons. Lat 18.10N Long 27.41W.

Monday 22nd June.
C&D S7W 163. Ditto People working up Junk and making Top Mats etc. Sailmaker middle stitching the 2nd Best Main sail. Lat 15.24N Long 27.35W.

[Page 34:]
Towards Batavia

Tuesday 23rd June 1812.
C&D S31W 130. Fresh Trade throughout & cloudy weather. PM Punished John Novudge, Joseph Conquest & Arthur Bound for theft with 1 dozen each. People employed as yesterday. Lat 13.17N Long 26.15W.

Wednesday 24th June.
C&D S21W 85. Variable winds & cloudy weather with some rain. PM Set the Top mast & Top Gallant rigging up. People employed as before. Lat 11.57N Long 25.44W.

[Page 35:]
Juliana from Madeira

Thursday 25th June 1812.
C&D S26W 57. Light variable winds & unsettled weather. Found the Larboard Main Pump would not draw; hoisted it up & found it was choked with some old sharp ballast stones & dirt – cleared the pump & secured it again. People as most useful. Lat 10.52N Long 25.38W.

Friday 26th June.
C&D S31E 60. Light breeze & fair weather. Signal ships astern to make more sail. Employed making ropes & matts for the rigging. Lat 9.42N Long 25.7W.

[Page 36:]
Towards Batavia

Saturday 27th June 1812.
C&D S20E 45. Variable winds with thunder & lightning at times. AM Washed between decks & exercised Great Guns & small arms. Lat 8.53N Long 24.51W.

Saturday 26th June.
C&D SW 12. Variable winds with squalls & rains in the first part; middle & latter calm with hot sultry weather. At 5pm the Foot rope of the Fore Top broke & split the sail; shifted it with second best & in 1st reef. AM Performed Divine Service & mustered the Ship’s Company. This week’s expenditure 449 Gallons; Water on board 7822 Gallons. Lat 8.44N Long 25.0W.

[Page 37:]
Juliana from Madeira

Monday June 29th 1812.
C&D SEbE 58. Light breezes throughout with rain at times. People working up Junk. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore sail. Lat 8.29N Long 24.11W.

Tuesday 30th June. C&D W 2. First part variable winds with rain thunder & lightning, latter light airs & calm with sultry weather [doldrums?] Lat 8.22N Long 24.13W.

[Page 38:]
Towards Batavia

Wednesday 1st July 1812.
C&D SEbS 12. Light airs & calms throughout with sultry weather. Employed as yesterday; a swell from the south east. Lat 8.10N Long 24.6W.

Thursday 2nd July.
C&D S38E 37. Light airs & cloudy weather. Employed as days past. Lat 8.1N Long 23.43W.

[Page 39:]
Juliana from Madeira

Friday July 3rd 1812.
C&D SbE 26. Variable winds throughout, squally with rain in the first & middle parts, latter fair. People employed as useful. Sailmaker middle stitching the 2nd best Fore Top sail. AM Shifted the Fore Top sail with the old one. Lat 7.42N Long 23.21W.

Saturday 4th July.
C&D SEbS 65. Unsettled squally weather throughout with rain. Cleaned between decks & exercised great Guns & small arms. At 10am Split the fore Top sail; shifted it with the 2nd best. Lat 6.51N Long 22.60W.

[Page 40:]
Towards Batavia

Sunday 5th July 1812.
C&D SEbE 44. Light variable winds in the first part, middle & latter squally with heavy rain. The weather too unsettled to admit one having Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 449 Gallons; Water on board 7373 Gallons. A swell from the SE. Lat 6.27N Long 22.3W.

Monday 6th July.
C&D S68E 57. Variable breeze at westward & cloudy weather. A swell at SE. People working up Junk. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top sail. Lat 6.6N Long 21.10W.

[Page 41:]
Juliana from Madeira

Tuesday 7th July 1812.
C&D S55E 75. Moderate breezes at SW & cloudy weather, Swell continuing at SE. People employed making matts, rope, etc. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top sail. Lat 6.1N Long 20.8W.

Wednesday 8th July.
C&D S23E 64. Light breezes throughout & fair weather. People employed as yesterday. Sailmaker repairing the old Mizzen Top sail. Lat 4.50N Long 19.43W.

[Page 42:]
Towards Batavia

Thursday 9th July 1812.
C&D S33E 70. Moderate breezes. First part fine, latter cloudy weather with distant thunder. People employed as before. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Fore Top Gallant sail. Lat 3.48N Long 19.5W.

Friday 10th July.
C&D SE 12. Variable winds & unsettled weather throughout; hard rain in the first part. Employed as yesterday. At daylight the Fleet much scattered. Lat 3.59N Long 8.56W.

[Page 43:]
Juliana from Madeira

Saturday 11th July 1812.
C&D S74E 47. Moderate breezes throughout & cloudy weather. AM Cleaned between decks & exercised the great Guns & small arms. Lat 3.39N Long 18.10W.

Sunday 12th July.
C&D S76W 63. Moderate breezes & cloudy weather. At AM The Grenville made signal Letter S hove to. At half past 10 I went on board Grenville & received sailing instructions from her which prevented our having Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 449 Gallons. Water on board 6924 Gallons. Lat 3.28N Long 19.11W.

[Page 44:]
Towards Batavia

Monday 13th July 1812.
C&D S67W 65. Pleasant breeze & fair weather. At 1pm hoisted our colours & parted Company with H.M. Ship Montague. At sunset Montague SWbW; Distance about 7 miles. At daylight the Larboard Dennison [term not clear?] astern 5 or 6 miles. AM shifted the Fore Top sail with the old one, otherwise employed working up Junk. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Mizzen Top Gallant sail. Lat 3.9N Long 20.11W.

Tuesday 14th July.
C&D S42W 61. A light breeze & pleasant weather. People employed working up Junk. Sailmaker repairing the best Fore Top sail. Lat 2.31N Long 20.52W.

[Page 45:]
Juliana from Madeira

Wednesday 15th July 1812.
C&D S39W 72. A moderate Trade throughout with cloudy weather. AM shifted the long Top Gallant masts with the short ones; fitted with sliding Gunters[?]. Got the Royal & Top Gallant yards on deck & fitted them afresh – shifted the Mizzen Top Gallant sails with the best. Lat 1.38N Long 21.38W.

Thursday 16th July.
C&D S33W 89. Pleasant Trade throughout & fair weather. At 1pm The General & Henry Wellesley hoisted their colours & parted company. People employed working up Junk. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore Top sail & making Hind sails. Lat 00.22N Long 22.27W.

[Crossed the Equator]

[Page 46:]
Towards Batavia

Friday 17th July 1812.
C&D S27W 109. A pleasant Trade & fair weather. Employed as useful. Lat 1.15S long 23.17W.

Saturday 18th July.
C&D S24W 144. Steady Trade & fine weather. AM washed between decks & exercised the Great Guns & small arms. Lat 3.29S Long 24.16W.

[Page 47:]
Juliana from Madeira

Sunday 19th July 1812.
C&D S34W 114. Pleasant Trade decreasing latterly & fair weather. AM Read Divine Service & mustered the Ship’s Company. This weeks expenditure 262 Gallons. Water on board 7093 Gallons. Lat 5.55S Long 25.20W.

Monday 20th July 1812.
C&D S35W 140. A fresh Trade with squalls & rain in the middle part. People employed under the Boatswain; serving Top sail Tyes. Sailmaker repairing the old Jib. Lat 7.2S Long 26.40W.

[Page 48:]
Towards Batavia C&D S38W 152. A fresh Trade throughout & fair weather. PM set up the Main Top Gallant rigging. Employed under the Boatswain fitting a new Jib Stay. Sailmaker middle stitching the 2nd best Main Top sail. Lt 9.25S Long 28.14W.

Wednesday 22nd July.
C&D S34W 154. A fresh Trade throughout with violent gusts & rain at times. PM set up the Mizzen Top mast & Top Gallant rigging. People working up Junk & picking Oakum. Sailmaker as yesterday. Shifted the Fore top Gallant sail with the best. Lat 11.37S Long 29.41W.

[Page 49:]
Juliana from Madeira

Thursday July 23rd 1812.
C&D S19W 148. Strong Trades throughout with hard gusts at times. A large swell which makes the Ship labour greatly. Employed working up Junk & as useful. Lat 14.21S Long 30.31W.

Friday July 24th.
C&D S12W 139. Fresh gale throughout & a heavy sea at ESE. Shifted the Main Top gallant sails with the best. At 6pm Split the Jib & Man Top Mast Stay sail, shifted them with the new ones. Employed as most useful. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Jib. Lat 16.29S Long 31.1W.

[Page 50:]
Towards Batavia

Saturday July 25th 1812.
C&D S14W 126. Strong gale in the first part, middle & latter moderate, Sea much abated. AM Washed between decks & exercised the Great Guns & small arms. Sailmaker repairing 2nd best Jib. Condemned the Main Top Mast Stay sail. Lat 18.36S Long 31.33W.

Sunday 26th July.
C&D SW 130. Unsettled squally weather in the first part, latter a fine Trade & pleasant weather. Under easy sail during the night Broxbornbury not in sight. At 7am Princess Charlotte made signal 296 & East could not distinguish the land. At 9am a sail in sight from the mast head bearing SbE supposing her to the Broxbornbury – AM Read Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 368 Gallons. Water on board 6730 Gallons. Lat 21S Long 31.40W.

[Page 51:]
Juliana from Madeira

Monday July 27th 1812.
C&D S2W133. A steady Trade throughout & pleasant weather. AM got the hanging Blocks higher up & Fore Top Gallants Breast Backstays on the Mast Head – Rove a new Fore Top sail tie – otherwise employed on sundry jobs about the rigging. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Jib. Lat 23.14S Long 31.4W.

Tuesday 28th. C&D S22E 76.
Light breezes throughout & fine weather. AM Shortened the Foothooks shrouds & Fluted the Main Top Mast rigging – Set up the Bobstays – Lower Top Mast & Top Gallant rigging fore & aft. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 24.24S Long 31.16W

[Page 52:]
Towards Batavia

Wednesday 29th July 1812.
C&D S20E 28. Light airs throughout & fine weather. People employed under the Boatswain filling spare top sail tyes & a most needful. Carpenter lining the Coats & Scuttles Sailmaker as per days past. Lat 24.50S Long 31.4W.

Thursday 30th July 1812.
C&D S30E 41. Light airs throughout & fine weather. Employed under the Boatswain as necessary. Sailmaker middle stitching the 2nd best Main Top sail. Lat 25.23S Long 30.42W.

[Page 53:]
Juliana from Madeira C&D S39E 134. Light breezes in the first part increasing to a pleasant gale & fine weather. People employed making Matts under the Boatswain. Sailmaker middle stitching the 2nd best Main Top sail. Lat 27.2S. Long 29.9W

Saturday August 1st.
C&D S63E 127. Fresh breezes throughout with unsettled cloudy weather. Squalls & rain in the middle part. AM Washed between decks – otherwise employed as requisite. Lat 27.54S Long 27.2W.

[Page 54:]
Towards Batavia C&D S33E 66. Fresh gales throughout with hard gusts & rain – a very confused sea. AM Shifted the fore Top sail & Fore Top Mast sail & mizzen Stay sail with the best. Weather too unsettled to admit of Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 420 gallons. Water on board 6310 Gallons. Lat 28.51S Long 26.22W.

Monday August 3rd.
C&D S72E 111. First & middle part strong gales with rain at times, latter moderate & fair sea yet very high. Employed filling salt water to trim Ship by the Head. Boatswain fitting Storm Stay sails stays & as most useful. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top sails. Lat 29.24S Long 24.22W.

[Page 55:]
Juliana towards Batavia

Tuesday 4th August 1812.
C&D S63E 164. Breeze increasing to a brisk gale & cloudy weather. A heavy swell at westward. Watch as requisite. PM shifted the old Fore sail with the new – Got the Flying Jib & Jib boom in. Lat 30.31S Long 21.33W.

Wednesday August 5th.
C&D S73E 152. A brisk gale with thick hazy weather in the first & middle parts; latter more moderate, A heavy sea from the NW. Watch as requisite. At daylight the Duncan & Webster only in sight. At 8am saw the Commodore & two other ships bearing EbS, 5 miles. At Noon Diana not in sight; the rest of the Fleet in company. Lat 31.10S Long 18.45W.

[Page 56:]
Towards Batavia

Thursday 6th August 1812.
C&D S75E 104. Variable winds with squalls & rain in the first part more easing to a steady strong breeze at NW. At 3pm Commodore made signal 41 & Compass Signal supposed to be SEbE but squall coming on could not distinctly make it out. AM cleaned between decks; shifted the Main & Main Top sails with the 2nd best. At Noon saw the Diana bearing NWbW. Distance 7 or 8 miles. Ditto 1st & 2nd reefs Fore & Mizzen Top sail & the 1st Main top sails. [initialled R.R.] Lat 31.26S Long 16.4W.

Friday August 7th.
C&D S7E 184. Strong gales from the NW throughout with hard gusts & rain at times. A heavy following sea. Watch as requisite. At daylight the Diana & Princess Charlotte not in sight. At 10 saw the missing ships bearing South Distance 5 miles. At Noon Fleet in company. Lat 32.8S Long 13.17W.

[Page 57:]
Juliana from Madeira

Saturday August 8th 1812.
C&D S82E 179. Strong breeze at SW with hard puffs at intervals in the first & middle parts, latter more moderate. A very heavy swell at SW. AM Cleaned between decks & otherwise employed filling salt water to trim Ship. Lat 32.31S Long 9,48W.

Sunday August 9th.
C&D S78E 143. Strong breeze from the SW with hard squalls during night; Latter more moderate & fair. Swell still continuing. The unsettled state of the weather prevented Divine Service. At daylight the Broxbornbury astern. Courses down. This weeks expenditure 404 Gallons. Water on board 5906 Gallons. Lat 33S Long 7.3W.

[Page 58:]
Towards Batavia

Monday 10th August 1812.
C&D S15E 95. Moderate breezes & cloudy weather, Swell still continuing. People employed under the Boatswain working up Junk. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top sail. Shifted the Mizzen Top sail with the best. Lat 33.12S Long 5.14W.

Tuesday August 4th.
C&D S72E 148. Steady breeze throughout and cloudy weather. Got the Sprit sail yard in & secured it on the Forecastle, otherwise employed working up Junk. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 33.49S Long 2.28W.

[Page 59:]
Juliana from Madeira

Wednesday 12th August 1812.
C&D S75E 182. Strong breeze in the first & middle parts with hazy weather; latter moderate & fair. People employed under the Boatswain as necessary, Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top sail. Up Main Royal mast and set the sail. Lat 34.38S Long 1.14E.

Thursday 13th August.
C&D S66E 148. A pleasant breeze & cloudy weather in first & middle parts, latter a light breeze & fair. People employed serving the Top sail sheets afresh & as useful. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top sail. Got the Junk up to air. Lat 35.30S Long 3.57E.

[Page 60:]
Towards Batavia

Friday August 14th 1812.
C&D S75E 80. Light breezes throughout & fine weather. Employed in the hold trimming Ship & working up Junk. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 35.47S Long 5.33E.

Saturday 15th August.
C&D S87E 135. First part a pleasant breeze & fair weather. Middle & latter light squalls & rain. Employed working up Junk. AM cleaned between decks. Sailmaker repairing the Studding sail. Lat 35.46S Long 8.18E.

[Page 61:]
Juliana from Madeira

Sunday August 16th 1812.
C&D S76E 183. First part fresh breezes at NE, middle squally & rain, latter a brisk gale from the southward with hard puffs at time. The unsettled state of the weather prevented Divine Services. This weeks expenditure 442 Gallons. Water board 5064 Gallons. Lat 36.23S Long 11.56E.

Monday 17th August.
C&D EbN 99. First part a fresh gale at SW, middle & latter moderate & fair. People employed under the Boatswain serving lower Tacks & sheets. Sailmaker on the old Main Top sail. At Noon Diana hull down to leeward. Lat 35.53S Long 13.56E.

[Page 62:]
Towards Batavia

Tuesday 18th August 1812.
C&D NEbE 86. Moderate breezes in the first part increasing in the latter to a fresh gale from the SSE with a heavy head sea. Watch employed as necessary. Lat 34.53S Long 13.13E.

Wednesday 19th August.
C&D South 15. Fresh gale in the first part, middle & latter moderating. Hazy weather throughout. At half past 2pm saw the land bearing NE. At sunset the land bearing EbS. Employed as requisite. Sailmaker on the old fore Top sail. At 8am a strange sail standing into the Fleet which proved to be the Barossa – Country Ship – she left Madras the 21st June bound for England by which we sent letters. Lat 34.56S Long 15.13E.

[Page 63:]
Juliana from Madeira

Thursday 20th August 1812.
C&D S46E 84. Moderate breezes in the first part, middle variable with thunder & lightning, latter an increasing breeze from westward. Swayed the Main yard higher up; otherwise employed as necessary. Sailmaker as before. Lat 35.56S Long 16.26E.

Friday 21st August. C&D S78E 146. Steady breeze throughout & fair pleasant weather. Swayed the Fore yard up & otherwise employed serving lower tacks & blocks. Sailmaker converting the old Mizzen Top sail into a Fore Top Gallant sail. Condemned the old Fore Top Gallant sail. At Noon Commodore hove to and made signal 268 & 110 Fathoms. Lat 36.27S Long 22.3E.

[Page 64:]
Towards Batavia

Saturday August 22nd 1812.
C&D S81E 120. Light breezes throughout & fine pleasant weather. Washed between decks & exercised the Great Guns & small arms. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 37.5S Long no reading.

Sunday 23rd August.
C&D E5N 143. Pleasant breeze & fair weather in the 1st Part, latter squally with rain. The unsettled state of the weather prevented Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 405 Gallons. Water on board 5056 Gallons. Lat 36.41S Long 24.44E.

[Page 65:]
Juliana from Madeira

Monday 24th August 1812.
C&D East 162. First part NW winds with light squalls & rain; latter a fresh breeze at NNE & cloudy. People variously employed. Sailmaker on the Fore Top Gallant sail. Under easy sail the first part of this Log for ships astern. Lat 36.41S Long 28.5E.

Tuesday 25th August.
C&D N86E 188. Fresh breezes at NNE & cloudy weather in the first part, latter steady breeze & fair. Employed as yesterday. 8am the Lord Duncan hoisted her colours & parted company for Bombay. Lat 36.16S Long 31.57E.

[Page 66:]
Towards Batavia

Wednesday 26th August 1812.
C&D S86E 160. Fine breeze decreasing in the latter part. Pleasant weather. People employed making Sinnet & Spunyarn. AM Washed between decks & exercised the Guns. PM Confined John Green Seaman in irons for striking Arthur Bound, Ordinary Seaman & for insolence & disobedience to Mr Johnson 1st Officer. Lat 36.29S Long 35.14E.

Thursday 27th August.
C&D S39E 128. Variable winds & cloudy weather. PM Punished John Green Seaman with lashes having found him guilty of the above crime. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker as before. Lat 36.21S Long 37.52E.

[Page 67:]
Juliana from Madeira

Friday August 28th 1812.
C&D S85E 122. First part a strong breeze with squalls & rain; middle & latter moderate & fair. At 3pm close reefed Fore Top sail in 2nd reefs Main, Mizzen & Top sails. Down Royal masts & yard & Mizzen Top Gallant yard. People repairing sails as useful. Lat 36.37S Long 40.11E.

[Roaring forties]

Saturday August 29th.
C&D East 149. Variable winds with unsettled weather & hard squalls in the middle part. Washed the middle decks & exercised the Guns. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 36.26S Long 43.26E.

[Page 68:]
Towards Batavia

Sunday August 30th 1812.
C&D N48E 46. Light variable weather throughout & fair. AM Performed Divine Service & mustered Ship’s Company. This weeks expenditure 490 Gallons. Water on board 4561 Gallons. Lat 35.50S Long 44.8E.

Monday August 31st 1812.
C&D SEbE 80. Easterly winds with cloudy weather. People employed working up Junk. Sailmaker repairing the old Main sail. Lat 36.48S Long 45.29E.

[Page 69:]
Tuesday 1st September 1812.
C&D S80E 193. Fresh breeze from the northwards & cloudy weather. Employed as most useful. Sailmaker as before. Lat 37.1 Long 49.29E.

Wednesday September 2nd.
C&D N87E 231. Strong breeze from northward., cloudy weather; Hard gusts in the middle part. Employed picking Oakum, Cleaned the lower deck. Lat 36.39S Long 54.14E.

[Page 70:]
Towards Batavia

Thursday 3rd September 1812.
C&D N88E 191. Strong breeze increasing to a hard gale with very violent puffs in the middle part & a high sea; more moderate latterly. At daylight only one ship in sight SE. At Noon 3 ships in sight bearings – EbS, SE & NbE. Too hazy to distinguish who they are. Lat 36.34S Long 57.12E.

Friday 4th September 1812.
C&D N88E 98. First part a pleasant breeze SW. Latter light winds variable & fine weather. The swell still continuing which makes the Ship roll deep. At 3pm saw the Commodore & three ships bearing SEbE Distance 4 Leagues. AM Shifted the Fore Top sail with the new middle Top sail. Sailmaker repairing the best Fore Top sail. Lat 36.22S Long 63.34E.

[Page 71:]
Juliana from Madeira

Saturday September 5th 1812.
C&D East 86. Light breezes increasing in the latter part, fine weather. At 1pm Diana made signal to Commodore wishing to part company, Commodore made Signal 137 - Hoisted our colours and parted company for Batavia. AM washed between decks & exercised the great Guns & small arms. Filled some salt water to trim the Ship. Lat 36.26S Long 60.59E.

Sunday 6th September.
C&D East 124. Steady breeze throughout & fair weather. AM Read Divine Service & mustered Ship’s Company. This weeks expenditure 490 Gallons. Water on board 4069 Gallons. Lat 36.26S Long 64.59E.

[Page 72:]
Towards Batavia

Monday September 7th 1812.
C&D N65E 90. Variable winds & hazy weather with drizzling rain. Watch as needful. Lat 35.54S Long 66.48E.

Tuesday 8th September.
C&D East 53. Variable winds throughout, light squalls & rain in the latter part. Watch as requisite. Lat 35.56S Long 64.40E.

[Page 73:]
Juliana from Madeira

Wednesday September 9th 1812.
C&D S87E 141. Light breeze in the first part increasing to a steady breeze. Cloudy weather. Employed working up Junk & picking Oakum. Sailmaker repairing the best Fore Top sail. AM Washed between decks. Lat 36.7S Long 70.40E.

Thursday September 10th.
C&D E 165. Brisk breeze at northward & cloudy weather with rain in the middle part. Employed working up Junk. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top Gallant sail. Lat 36.5S Long 74.4E.

[Page 74:]
Towards Batavia

Friday September 11th 1812.
C&D East 158. Steady breezes from the northward & hazy weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 36.4S long 77.19E.

Saturday September 12th.
C&D EbN 170. Steady breeze in the first part & fine weather; middle & latter part squally with thick hazy weather. Washed middle deck & exercised the Guns. Sailmaker as before. Lat 35.48S Long 80.48E.

[Page 75:]
Juliana from Madeira

Sunday September 13th 1812.
C&D EbN 164. Fresh breeze & hazy weather throughout. The weather too unsettled to permit us to perform Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 396 Gallons. Water on board 3528 Gallons. Lat 35.32S Long 84.91E.

Monday September 14th.
C&D N62E 111. Moderate breezes throughout & fine weather. Punished Phillips Lampley, Seaman with 1 dozen lashes for disposing of his Grog to John Green contrary to repeated orders. Employed working up Junk. Sailmaker repairing the old middle & Fore top stay sails. Carpenter caulking the lower deck. Lat 34.47S Long 86.7E.

[Page 76:]
Towards Batavia

Tuesday September 15th 1812.
C&D N63E 103. Wind from the northward & cloudy weather. People as yesterday. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore sail. Lat 33.59S Long 92.46E.

Wednesday September 16th.
C&D NEbE 44. Northerly winds & cloudy weather. Carpenter caulking between decks. People variously employed & capsizing the larboard cables to caulk under. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 32.46S Long 89.44E.

[Page 77:]
Juliana from Madeira

Thursday September 17th 1812.
C&D N30E 152. Variable winds & pleasant weather for the most part. Employed working up Junk. Sailmaker repairing the best Mizzen Top Gallant sail & Jib. Carpenter caulking between decks. Sifted the Main sail & Mizzen Top Gallant sails with the old ones. Lat 30.50S Long 91.2 E.

Friday September 18th.
C&D N33E 191. Strong breezes throughout with hard gusts at times. Employed as yesterday. AM Split the Mizzen Top sail; shifted it with the best . Kept a good lookout for 24 hours for the Danish Rocks laid down in Lt 28.20S.At Noon several birds in sight; we have seen now more 2 or 3 days past. Lat 28.10S Long 93.1E.

[Page 78:]
Towards Batavia

Saturday September 19th 1812.
C&D N34E 203. Strong breezes throughout with cloudy weather. A large swell at southwards. AM Scraped & cleaned the middle deck. Lat 25.24S Long 95.10E.

Sunday September 20th.
C&D N37E 199. Strong trade & cloudy weather. Blowing too fresh to perform Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 396 Gallons. Water on board 3132 Gallons. Lat 23.3S Long 97.21E.

[Page 79:]
Juliana from Madeira

Monday September 21st 1812.
C&D N26E 182. A brisk Trade throughout & pleasant weather. Employed working up Junk. Carpenter caulking between decks. Crossed the Royal yards. Shifted Main & mizzen Top sails Top Gallant sails Fore sail Fore Top mast & Mizzen stay sails with the old stays. Lat 20.11S Long 98.27E.

Tuesday September 22nd.
C&D N16E 150. Pleasant Trade & cloudy weather. Employed as yesterday. Shifted the Fore Top sail & Fore Top Gallant sails with the old ones. Lat 18.1S Long 99.52E.

[Page 80:]
Towards Batavia

Wednesday September 23rd 1812.
C&D N13E 164. A brisk Trade throughout & fine weather. Employed making Nipping & preparing Harbour Gear. Carpenter caulking the Waterway seams upon the upper deck. Sailmaker altering & middle stitching the best Jib. Lat 15.23S Long 100.23E.

Thursday September 24th.
C&D N13E 187. Ditto winds & weather. Employed coiling the cables in their berths & turning in the deck stoppers. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Mizzen Top sail. Carpenter as yesterday. Lat 12.28S Long 101.13E.

[Page 81:]
Juliana from Madeira

Friday 25th September 1812.
C&D N9E 185. Steady Trade & fine weather. Bent the bower & stream cables & unstowed the anchor. Others employed reeving the Harbour Gear. Got the Sprit sail yard out. Tradesmen as yesterday. Under easy sail throughout. Lat 9.18S Long 101.45E.

Saturday 26th September 1812.
C&D ----. Brisk Trade throughout & hazy weather. At 6am saw the land about Java Head bearing N½W Distance 3 or 4 Leagues. At 8 rounded Java Head & entered the Straits of Sunda. Java Head EbS. Friar’s Point NbE Distance off shore 2 miles [?]. At half past nine saw three ships in Mico Bay [?] . 2 Englishman of War & one Portuguese.

The Frigate weighed and stood after us. At 10 the second point ENE. East Point of Princes Island N½E. At 11 rounded the 2nd Point. The 3rd Point bearing ENE. At Noon the 2nd Point SW½W. Peak on Princes Island W½N. 3rd Point NEbE½E. Peak of Cracatoa N½W. Distance off shore about 4 miles. Lat (obs.) 6.37S Long no reading.

[Page 82: 81 continued]

Saturday 26th continued.
C&D ---- At 2pm H.M. Ship Phoenix brought us to & sent her boat on board & pressed John Green & William Drabble Seamen & Phillip Lampley, John Novilage, Thomas Anderson & William Griffith ordinary seamen. At 4pm The Phoenix made signal 80 at NEbE 2 Point bearing SbW; 3rd Point EbS at 5 the Phoenix hailed us & ordered us to follow him to anchorage; at 6 came to with the stream off in 12 Fathoms; distance to shore 2½ miles. This log contains 36 hours.

[End of Sea Log]

[Start of Harbour Journal]

[Page 82 continued:]

At 7pm I waited upon Capt. Bowen of HMS Phoenix to represent the necessity of his sending back our Hands to assist us into Batavia, which request he complied with & will send our Hands in the morning.

Sunday 27th September 1812.
Wind at SE. At daylight Capt. Bowen sent our men on board – weighed & made sail in company with H.M. Ship Phoenix & the Diana. Thwart the Way N½E. 4th Point NE. Too hazy to see the land of Sumatra & at 9 the Capit E¾N; at half past 10 the Button NNE. At Noon Angel Point EbN; Peels Rackatt NNW. Extremes of Thwart the Way from N½W to NbE¾E. The Capit E¾E; the Button NE½E. Lat (obs’d) 6.5 South.

At sunset the extremes of Thwart the Way from NbW to NNE, Anga Point, Flag Staff EbN Cap EbN½N. Button NNE½E. Peels Rackatt NNW; off shore 4 miles. At 7pm The wind decreasing & current setting being strong to the Westward hauled in shore to come to an anchor on ground at 30 or 40 Fathoms till we were close the Phoenix where we had 15 Fathoms & immediately after 9 Fathoms but being too close to her were obliged to whin under her stern the current setting us down upon her.

[Page 83:]
Juliana [Sunda] Straits

Sunday 27th September. continued
Whin at 2 cables length from her had no ground at 30 Fathoms, stood out to the northward for one & a half hours; tacked and stood in again for the Phoenix no ground tile within half mile of the Diana who was about ¾ mile to the westward of the Phoenix at an anchor where we had 18 Fathoms & immediately after 15 Fathoms let go the anchor & won away briskly found she drifted; the Diana hauled us & informed us she let go her anchors in 15 Fathoms & swung into us. Got sail upon the Ship & stood out, hove up the anchors; a fine breeze springing up made sail & stemed the current until daylight. The first Cast we got after letting go the anchor was 30 Fathoms.

Monday 28th September.
Light breezes from the SW with hot sultry weather. At daylight the extremes of Thwart the Way from NW to NNW; The Button NE½E. The Cap E½N. At 6 the Phoenix & Diana weighed & stood towards us from 6 to 10 we were just able to stem the current. At half past 11 abreast of the Cap. At Noon the button NbE¾E. Lat (obs’d) 6.1 South.

At 1pm passed the button Signal 41 & ESE at 6 Signal – at sunset St Nicholas Point E½S. Cap WbS, Button WbS. Extremes of Thwart the Way from WbS to SWbW, Peels Pissang SSW. Point Manna SSE, off shore 4 miles. At 9 finding wew last ground anchored in 29 Fathoms. The Button West 2 Commodore ESE Diana NNW½W. Found the current running to the SW 3½ miles per hour.

[0084 & 0085 not used]

[Page 86:]
Off Sunda

Tuesday 29th September 1812.
Light breezes from the SW & hot sultry weather. At 5am weighed & made sail P. Sig’l at 8, St Nicholas Point SE½E; Point Pissang SSW½W. Button SWbW. Extremes of the land eastwards SEbE. At half past 9 Pulo Babu EbN, Pule Panjong SE. At Noon the Button WbS¼S. St Nicholas Point WbS¾S. Body of Pulo Babu EbN. P. Panjong from SbE¾E. to South. Extremes of the land to the eastward SE½E. Lat 5.54. at 4pm Pulo TidongNE½E. Man Eaters Island EbS½S.

At 5pm signal 15. At 6 anchored in Fathoms. Man Eaters Island SSE 4 miles. Great CamberysE½S. Point Tidong W¼E. Babee West Commadore ESE. Calm during the night. Current setting NW half miles per hour.

Wednesday 30th September.
Light land & sea breezes throughout. At Noon weighed & made sail. At half past 2 Point Dapore NE½E. Middleburg EbN½N. At 3 hauled our wind to weather Ontona, Java Reef. But finding it impracticable tacked & stood to the westward. HMS Phoenix anchored and sent her boat crew to assist in working the Ship into Batavia Roads.

At quarter past 4 tacked; at half past 5 passed Amsterdam & Ontong Java Reef when Mr Sweebee came on board to take the Ship into the Roads.

[Page 87:]
Juliana at Batavia

Thursday October 1st 1812.
Light land & sea breezes with sultry weather. At daylight weighed & stood into the Roads. At 7 anchored in 7 Fathoms, unbent sails & struck Top Gallant yards & masts. When at anchor the Flag Staff SSW, Tanjong Priack E½N, Orcrest NWbW½W. Father Smiths Shoal NEbE off shore 2 & a half miles.

AM I went on shore with the Hon’ble Company’s Dispatches. PM the passengers left the Ship.

Friday October 2nd.
Light land & sea breezes with sultry weather. Employed unrigging Ship & stowing the Booms into the Wings [An extension on the side of a vessel. A bridge wing is an open-air extension of the bridge to port or starboard, intended for use in signaling.] to clear the hatchways. Carpenter caulking the Long Boat. Sailmaker making a Main Deck Awning out of the old Main sail.

Saturday 3rd October.
Light land & sea breezes with fine weather. AM hoisted out the Long Boat; otherwise employed striking yards & Top Masts. Carpenter caulking the Top Sides.

[Page 88:]

Sunday October 4th.
Light land & sea breezes with sultry weather, washed & cleaned the Ship. I visited the Ship.

Monday 5th.
Light air during the nigh. A strong sea breeze in the day. Employed delivering Cargo on Acc’t of the Hon’ble Company.. Riggers about the Fore rigging & Bob Stays. Carpenter on the Top Sides.

Tuesday 6th.
Strong sea breezes during the day. Light Land in the night. Employed as yesterday. Received 20 Cinamen [Chinamen] to assist to deliver the Cargo. Draft of water For 15.8 Aft 16.9.

Wednesday 7th.
Ditto winds & weather. Discharged one boat of glass on Acc’t of the Hon’ble Company – Detained for want of more boats. Got the Fore rigging over the mast Head & Bob Stays filled.

[Page 89:]
Juliana at Batavia

Thursday 8th October 1812.
Fresh sea breezes during the day; light airs from land in the night. Employed delivering Cargo on Acc’y of the Hon’ble Company. Boatswain & Gang about the rigging. Carpenter caulking the Top Sides.

Friday 9th October.
Wind & weather as yesterday. No boats off for Cargo. Gammoned the bowsprit [The bow fitting which clamps the bowsprit to the stem] & set the Bob Stays up. Cleaned Ship inside & out. Carpenter as before.

Friday 10th.
Light land & sea breezes & sultry weather. Employed in delivering Cargo on Acc’t of the Hon’ble Company; otherwise as necessary.

Sunday 11th.
Ditto wind & weather. Employed as yesterday. Washed decks. PM arrived here HMS Phoenix & Procris. I visited the Ship.

[Page 90:]
At Batavia

Monday 12th October 1812.
Light land & sea breezes. Employed delivering Cargo & about the rigging. Carpenter about the sides.

Tuesday 13th.
Light land & sea breezes. Employed as yesterday.

Wednesday 14th.
Ditto wind & weather. Employed as before.

Thursday 15th.
Land & sea breezes. AM sighted the anchor & let it go again. Employed delivering Cargo & private Trade. Tradesmen as useful.

Friday 16th.
Light land breeze in the night. Fresh sea breeze in the day. Employed as yesterday. HMS Phoenix pressed John Osborn, Ordinary Seaman.

[Page 91:]

Juliana at Batavia

Saturday 17th October 1812.
Light land breeze in the night; fresh sea breeze in the day. Sailed hence HM Ships Phoenix, Proscris & Barracoota. Employed delivering Cargo & about the rigging. Tradesmen as necessary.

Sunday 18th.
Light breezes & sultry weather. AM washed decks & freshened hawse, set the lower rigging up. I visited the Ship.

Monday 19th.
Light land & sea breezes with sultry weather. Employed delivering Cargo & about the rigging.

Tuesday 20th.
Ditto winds & weather. Employed as yesterday.

[Page 92:]
Batavia

Wednesday 21st October 1812.
Wind & weather as previous days past. Employed delivering Cargo on Acc’t of the Hon’ble Company. Boatswain about the rigging.

Thursday 22nd.
Strong sea & land breezes throughout. Employed as before.

Friday 23rd.
Ditto wind & weather. Employed as before. Carpenter caulking the Bends.

Saturday 24th.
Light land & sea breezes. Employed delivering Cargo & private Trade, Carpenter caulking the Bends. Boatswain about the rigging.

[Page 93:]
Juliana at Batavia

Sunday 25th October 1812.
Ditto wind & weather. Employed delivering Cargo – washed decks. I visited the Ship.

Monday 26th.
Light land & sea breezes with sultry weather. Employed delivering Cargo. Tradesmen as most useful.

Tuesday 27th.
Ditto winds & weather. Rain during the night. Employed delivering Iron; Riggers about the rigging. Mr Lynch, Master Attendant came on board to survey the Ship.

Wednesday 28th.
Strong sea breeze during the day. Wore away half Cables Service. Light land wind in the night. Employed as necessary.

[Page 94:]
Juliana at Batavia

Thursday 29th October 1812.
Ditto wind & weather. Employed delivering the Hon’ble Company’s Cargo. Received 6 butts of water.

Friday 30th.
Light land & sea breezes. Employed delivering Cargo. Carpenter Store Rooms.

Saturday 31st.
Light land & sea breezes. Employed delivering Bar Iron. Cleared the Fore hold & Limbers ready for Cargo. Riggers about the rigging.

Sunday 1st November 1812.
Ditto winds & weather. Washed & cleaned the Ship.

[Page 95:]

Monday 2nd November 1812.
Light land & sea breezes with sultry weather. Employed delivering Bar Iron & about the rigging.

Tuesday 3rd.
Strong sea breezes & cloudy weather. Employed as yesterday. Gunner painting the Ship.

Wednesday 4th.
Light land & sea breezes & sultry weather; received a boat load of Arrack [distilled alcoholic drink made from the sap of coconut flowers] & discharged one with Iron. Tradesmen as useful.

Thursday 5th.
Light sea breezes during the day. At 6pm hard squalls from the land with sharp light & heavy rain.

[Page 96:]
Batavia

Friday 6th November 1812.
Light land sea breezes; sharp lightning during the night. Received a boat of Arrack & discharged one with Iron. PM hove up the best bower & shifted our berth further in shore, brought up with the small bower & moored the Ship. Gunner painting the Ship.

Saturday 7th.
Light land & sea breezes. Employed delivering Iron. Riggers about the rigging. Gunner painting the Ship.

Sunday 8th.
Light land & sea breezes with thunder & lightning in the evening. Employed as yesterday. Washed decks. I visited the Ship.

Monday 9th.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed delivering Cargo. Riggers about the rigging. Gunner painting the Ship.

[Page 97:]
Juliana at Batavia

Tuesday 10th November 1812.
Land & sea breezes with rain at times. Employed delivering Cargo. Received one boat of Arrack on Acc’t of the Hon’ble Company.

Wednesday 11th.
Land & sea breezes. Employed about the rigging & delivering Iron; received a boat of Sugar on Acc’t of the Hon’ble Company.

Thursday 12th.
Ditto winds & weather. Employed delivering iron. Received a boat of Sugar.

Friday 13th.
Land & sea breezes with squalls & rain. Employed in the hold & about the rigging. Gunner painting the Ship. Carpenter caulking the Lazarettes.

Saturday 14th.
Ditto wind & weather. Employed as yesterday.

Sunday 15th.
Land & sea breezes with rain. Employed about the rigging. Received one boat load of Sugar on Acc’t of the Hon’ble Company.

[Page 98:]
Batavia

Monday 16th November 1812.
Ditto wind & weather. Employed in sundry jobs. I visited the Ship.

Tuesday 17th.
Wind & weather as before. Employed in the hold & about the rigging. Gunner painting the Ship - & Cuddy. [A small cabin in a boat]

Wednesday 18th.
Land & sea breezes. Squalls & rain in the evening. Employed delivering Cargo; received one boat of Arrack & one of Sugar. Gunner as before.

Thursday 19th November 1812.
Land & sea breezes with rain. Employed delivering Cargo. Gunner painting the Cabins – Arrived HM Ship Volage from Madras.

Friday 20th.
Ditto wind & weather. Employed under the Boatswain & delivering Cargo. Received one boat of Sugar. Gunner as before.

Saturday 21st.
Land & sea breezes. Employed in the hold & under the Boatswain – Gunner as previous days past.

[Page 99:]
Juliana at Batavia

Sunday 22nd November 1812.
Light land & sea breezes. Set the lower rigging up fore & aft. I visited the Ship.

Monday 23rd.
Squally unsettled weather with rain . No Cargo off. Employed squaring the Rattlings & fitted the Boarding nettings afresh & cleared hawse.

Tuesday 24th.
Light land & sea breezes with sultry weather. Employed racking off water & in the hold. No Cargo off.

Wednesday 25th.
Light land breezes with heavy rain. Received one boat of Sugar. Employed about the rigging. Draft of water Fore 13.1 & Aft 12.4.

Thursday 26th.
Strong sea breeze during the day. At 4pm hard squalls from the land with thunder & sharp lightning. Hard rain during the night. Employed on the hold. No Cargo off.

Friday 27th.
Strong breezes from the NW during the day. At 5pm a hard squall from the land with rain. Received 2 boats of Arrack, 1 of Sugar & 1 of Saltpetre on Acc’t of the Hon’ble Company. Returned them with Iron.

[Page 100:]
Batavia

Saturday 28th Novr 1812.
NW winds & cloudy weather in the day; at night SE winds with rain & thunder. Received some Sugar & Arrack & discharged some anchors on Acc’t of the Hon’ble Company.

Sunday 29th.
Variable winds & drizzling rain with dark threatening weather at the NW in the first part. At 3pm cleared up latter part light land winds. AM washed decks & received one boat of Sugar. Discharged 3 boats with anchors.

Monday 30th.
Light sea breeze during the day. At 5pm land breeze set in with the dark cloudy weather & rain during the night. Employed stowing Sugar & discharging anchors. Draft of water Fore 13.0 Aft 12.7.

Tuesday December 1st 1812.
Land & sea breeze with squalls from the westward in the evening. Employed stowing Sugar.

Wednesday 2nd.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed in the hold & about the rigging.

Thursday 3rd.
Variable winds with squalls from the SW & thunder, lightning & rain in the evening. Received one boat of Saltpetre.

[Page 101:]
Juliana at Batavia

Friday 4th December 1812.
Land & sea breezes with cloudy weather. Received one boat with Saltpetre. Delivered the remainder of the Bar Iron.

Saturday December 5th.
Land & sea breezes with fine weather. Delivered the whole of the Hon’ble Company’s Cargo.

Sunday 6th December.
Light variable winds with sultry weather. Cleaned the Ship inside & out.

Monday 7th December.
Variable winds & cloudy weather; hard squalls from the NW with lightning & rain in the evening. Received one boat of Saltpetre. Employed stowing the hold.

Tuesday 8th December.
Variable winds & cloudy weather. Received one boat of Saltpetre & one of Sapan Wood [Sappan wood, also known as East Indian redwood] for dunnage, Employed in the hold.

Wednesday 9th December.
Variable winds & sultry weather. Employed in the hold stowing Saltpetre & Sugar. Received one boat of water.

Thursday 10th December.
First part light breezes from the eastward & fair. PM hard squalls from NW & rain. AM received one boat of Saltpetre. Employed stowing it in the hold & racking the water. Arrived here Hon’ble Company Cruiser Aurocoer[?] & 2 ships from Madras. Draft Fore 13.0 Aft 12.6.

[Page 102:]
Batavia

Friday 11th December.
AM Light breezes from the northward & fair weather. At 1pm came on a hard squall from the northwest with heavy rain, thunder & lightning; blowing fresh with rain during the latter part. Employed AM in the hold.

Saturday December 12th.
First part light breezes from the southward & drizzling rain; latter light breezes from the NW & cloudy weather. Employed unstowing Sugar & putting Saltpetre in its place. Arrived here HM Ships Phoenix & Barracoota.

Sunday 13th December.
Strong breezes from the westward in the first part. PM squally & rain from the land. Employed unstowing Sugar & shifting it aft. Washed decks. Draft of water Fore 14.0 Aft 12.7.

Monday 14th December.
Light breezes from the westward & sultry weather. Sharp lightning during the night. AM Received one boat of Kegs of Tamarinds [Edible, pod-like fruit which is used extensively in cuisines around the world]. Employed as yesterday. Pumped Ship 9 inches.

Tuesday 15th December.
Light breezes during the first part & sultry weather. PM squally from the NW & cloudy with rain. Received one boat of Coffee. Employed in the hold. Gunner painting the masts. Draft of water Fore 13.3 Aft 13.4.

Wednesday 16th December.
Strong breezes from the NW & cloudy weather. Received 2 boats of Coffee. Cleaned the lower deck.

[Page 103:]
Juliana at Batavia

Thursday 17th December 1812.
Blowing fresh from the NW throughout & cloudy weather with lightning during the night. No Cargo off. Employed cleaning the holds,

Friday 18th December.
Wind & weather as yesterday, No Cargo off. Employed as yesterday.

Saturday 19th December.
Strong breezes from the westward with hard squalls at times& heavy rain. Freshened hawse & repaired the Service of the Cables.

Sunday 20th December.
Fresh breezes from the westward & cloudy weather. Employed swilling the hold & about the rigging. Washed decks. Sailed hence Hon’ble Company’s Ship Diana for Bengal.

[Page 104:]
Batavia

Monday 21st December 1812.
Strong breeze from the westward & cloudy weather. AM swayed the Lower yards up & cleaned decks. Gunner painting the Sluzage[?].

Tuesday 22nd December.
Steady breeze from the westward and sultry weather. Employed cleaning decks. Arrived here the Mary, Country Ship from Bengal. Gunner painting the Ship. Pumped Ship 9 inches.

Wednesday 23rd December.
First part light breezes from the westward, latter fresh & sultry weather. At 2am departed this life Samuel Phillips, Gunner. AM Committed the body to the Deep after the usual ceremony – Received 4 boats of Sugar. Employed stowing it in the hold. PM Fidded Fore Mizzen Top masts. Draft of wate fore 13.10 Aft 14.6.

[Page 105:]
Juliana at Batavia

Thursday 24th December 1812.
Variable winds from the westward & sultry weather. AM Recieved 2 boats of Sugar. PM fidded Main Top mast & crossed Top Sail yards. Stayed the masts & set the rigging up.

Friday 25th December.
Wind from the westward & cloudy weather. AM Received 1 boat of Sugar. Hoisted in the Long Boat. PM got the Guns up out of the hold. Sails hence HM Brig Procris for Madras.

Saturday 26th December.
Fresh breeze from the NW with squalls & rain at times. Received one boat of Sugar & 2 of Read Wood for Dunnage – Employed racking of water.

PM HM Ships Phoenix & all the ships in the Roads hoisted their colours half-mast on account of the death of Captain Bowen.

Sunday 27th December.
First part light breeze from the westward & fair weather. PM wind from NW & rain. Washed decks & mustered Ship’s Company.

[Page 106:]
Batavia

Monday 28th December 1812.
Westerly winds with squalls & hard rain. Received some water. Employed as necessary.

Tuesday 29th.
Wind from the westward & cloudy weather. Rain at times. Employed racking off water & stowing it away.

Wedneday 30th December.
Light breezes fro westward & cloudy weather. AM Received 8 boats of Sugar & Coffee. Employed stowing it. Sailed hence HM Ship Phoenix for Madras. Draft of water Fore & Aft 14.4.

Thursday 31st.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Received 6 boats of Coffee. Employed stowing it away.

[Page 107:]
Juliana at Batavia

Friday January 1st 1813.
Westerly winds throughout with squalls & hard rain in the evening. Received 4 boats of Coffee.

Saturday 2nd January.
First part light breezes from the westward with sultry Weather. PM squalls & rain from the land. Fidded Top Gallant masts. Employed in the hold levelling the Coffee &

Sunday 3rd January.
Light breezes from the westward with sultry weather. AM washed decks & unmoored Ship.

Monday 4th January.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed in the hold & about the rigging.

[Page 108:]

Tuesday January 5th 1813.
Land & sea breezes throughout with sultry weather. Received 6 boats of Coffee.

Wednesday 6th January.
Westerly winds with squalls & rain. Received 3 boats of Coffee. Employed in the hold.

Thursday 7th January.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Sent up Royal masts; otherwise employed in the hold.

Friday 8th January.
Land & sea breezes with fine weather. Received 3 boats of Coffee on Acc’t of the Hon’ble C Company. Arrived here HM Brig Barracoote. At 1am departed this life Jessee Long, Quarter Master. At daylight took the body out to sea & committed it to the Deep.

[Page 109:]
Juliana at Batavia

Saturday January 9th 1813.
NW winds & cloudy weather. Employed in the hold & about the rigging.

Sunday January 10th.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Received 3 boats of Coffee. Employed otherwise in the hold & about the Ship.

Monday 11th January.
Wind & weather as yesterday – Employed as most useful. Employed painting the quarter deck.

Tuesday 12th January.
Land & sea breezes throughout. Employed receiving & stowing private Trade.

[Page 110:]
Batavia

Wednesday 13th January 1813.
NW winds & cloudy weather. Employed receiving private Trade & passenger’s baggage.

Thursday 14th January.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed painting the masts.

Friday January 15th 1813.
NW wind & hard rain, Bent the Stay sails; otherwise employed getting ready for sea.

Saturday 16th.
Westerly winds with cloudy weather – Bent the Top sails, otherwise as necessary.

[Page 111:]
Juliana at Batavia

Sunday 17th January 1813.
Strong breezes from NW & cloudy weather. Employed getting the Ship ready for sea. Received 300 bags of Coffee. Caulked down for the hatches – washed decks.

Monday 18th January.
Light variable winds at times with rain. AM Bent Top Gallant sails & crossed the yards. Received the Stock & passenger’s baggage. At 4pm Departed this life George Haywood, Seaman.

Tuesday 19th January 1813.
Light breezes variable & cloudy weather with drizzling rain at intervals. Received one boat of water; otherwise employed preparing for sea. Committed the body of the deceased to the Deep after the usual Ceremony. Draft of water Fore 18.6 Aft 17.0.

[Page 112:]
Batavia

Wednesday 20th January 1813.
Light winds variable & cloudy weather. AM Mr Robinson, Agent for Dispatching the Ship came on board with Company Dispatches & dispatched the Ship.

PM I went on shore to get men for the Ship having been disappointed by 15 China men who had promised to proceed to England with us.

Thursday 21st January.
Light breezes from the NW & cloudy weather. At daylight hoisted Blue Peter. Washed decks.

Friday 22nd January.
Strong breezes from the northward & hard rain at times. Employed as necessary.

[Page 113:]
Juliana at Batavia

Saturday 23rd January 1813.
Strong breeze from the NW and a heavy swell. AM I came on board having procured Prisoners to assist us to work the Ship home. Mrs Robinson & child & 2 female servants, Captain Douglas Hill, 59th Reg’t; Dr Henderson & Lieut. Hunter, H. Company’s Service; Lieut. Nickelson, H.M’s 14th Reg’t, Mr Sword, Paymaster, H.M.’s 14th Reg’t, Mr Leavock, Quarter Master, H.M’s 78th Reg’t & Mr Brohier, late a Lieut. H.M.’s 59th Reg’t. Lieut. Colonel Vandeveran, Dutch Prisoner of War. Passengers joined the Ship – The Prisoners also came on board.

Sunday 24th January.
Light breezes from the westward & fair weather. At 8am weighed & made sail & turned to westward but finding the current strong against us anchored in 6 Fathoms 1½ miles to the westward of our former berth – Discharged the Coolies. Draft of water Fore 18.6 Aft 17.0. Water on board 5000 Gallons.

[Page 114:]
Batavia

Monday 25th January 1813.
At daylight a light breeze from the westward. weighed & and made sail & stood to the northward. At 8am Batavia Flagstaff EbN; Horn Island NWbW. Edame NNE¾E. Purmasit Reef WbS. At Noon ships in the Roads SbE½E. Distance about 12 miles. West Point of Middleburg WSW Little Cambuys W. Peels Dapoa WNW.

Thursday 26th.
Light swell at SW. Squally rain. At 5 anchored in 12 Fathoms. Island of Middleburg SW Distance 1½ miles. Ships in Batavia Roads. At 5am weighed & made sail. At 10 Little Cambuys SWbW. West point of Great Cambuys W½N. Point Dapser E¾N. Point Parar NNW.

[Page 115:]
Juliana Straits of Sunda

Wednesday 27th January 1813.
Variable SW light breezes. Working to windward. At 6pm anchored in 2 Fathoms. Man Eating Island SWbW. Pulo Tidong NWbW. At 1pm departed this life James Martin, Invalid & of H.M’s. 59th Reg’t. AM Committed his body to the Deep after the usual Ceremonies.

At daylight weighed & made sail SWbW. Fresh breeze. At 8am Pulo Nabee W½N. Man Eaters Island S½E. Great Camburys SE½E.Turning to windward towards St Nicholas Point. At 9 the land of Sumatra W½N, Pintong Point SW, Man Eaters Island SEbE½E. Point Babee NW½W. High land of Sumatra W¾N.

Thursday 28th.
At 4pm St Nicholas Point W½S. Thwart the Way W¼N. At 8pm anchored with the small bower in 19 Fathoms. Pulo Babee W; Pintong Point SbW. Hard squalls & rain during the night. St Nicholas Point W¾S. Pulo Panjong SW½W. Great Marys SbW. At Noon St Nicholas point SW¼S. Pulo Panjong SbE. Point Babee E¾S. High land of Sumatra W½S. Then Button SWbW.

[Page 116:]
Sunda Strait

Friday 29th January 1813.
Strong breeze from westward. Turning to windward under close reefed top sails & Courses. At 4pm The Button SW. St Nicholas Point. SbW½W. Thwart the Way SW¾W. High land of Sumatra W½N. at 7 anchored with the small bower in 20 Fathoms under St Nicholas Point; westward point W&188S. eastward point SE. Sumatra WbN½N. Part of Point Panjong SE½E. Distance off shore 1¼ miles. Violent gusts & hard rain during the night. At daylight weighed & made sail. Fresh breezes WSW; turning to windward. At Noon Hog Point W½S. St Nicholas Point E¼S. Extremes of Thwart the Way at SW¼W to SWbW¾W. The Button SSW¼W. The Cap S½W.

Saturday 30th.
Fresh breezes at westward. At 1pm a boat came on board from Anger with the Shipping Books by which we found that the Cornelia & China Fleet had left Anger 9 days. Weighed & made sail. At 6 anchored to the westward of Thwart the Way in 16 Fathoms. At 8am Cracatoa WbS¾S. Bassee WbN. Sambouco NWbW. High land of Sumatra NWbN½N. Thwart the Way ENE. At Noon the peak of Cracatoa WSW. Sambouco NbW½W. WSE, West extreme of Pulo Bapee NW½N. High land of Sumatra NbE¼E. West extreme of the Island of Java S½E.

[Page 117:]
Juliana Strait of Sunda

Sunday 31st January 1813.
Winds SW to WSW At 5pm Point Bassee NbW; Peak of Cracatoa SW Zeeclip Rock NW½W. At 7pm Finding we lost Ground anchored in 24 Fathoms. Peak of Cracatoa SW½S. Peak of Point Bassee NbW½W. Stranger at anchor bearing NW – a Brig standing towards Cracatoa, from the westward anchored under the land. At daylight weighed & made sail & worked to windward. The Brig standing towards us. At 8 I went on board H.M. Brig Hecate, Capt. Drury from Bombay – 24 days who confirmed the accounts we received before leaving Batavia of the American War. At Noon Zeeclip W30N, Cracatoa Peak S20W, Point Bassee N¾E. Kysers Isle WbN. The other Stranger a Portuguese standing towards us.

Monday 1st February 1813.
Turning to westward & wind at WSW. The Portuguese anchored about 2 miles from us bearing NbW. At half past 4 finding we made nothing I anchored with the small bower in 22 Fathoms. Peak of Cracatoa SW½W. Point Bassee NbW. Distance off shore ¾ of a mile. At daylight weighed & made all sail to windward. Light airs at N to NW till 8am when a fresh breeze sprang up at first at NW, latterly NWbW. Carried all sail possible & stood towards Princes Island. At Noon the Peak of Cracatoa NbE¾E. High Peak of Princes Island SbW½W. Kysers Isle NW¼W.

[Page 118:]
off Sunda

Tuesday 2nd Febry 1813.
Fresh breeze & hazy weather. at 5 anchored in 30 Fathoms Grunelled[?] north. Point of Princes Island North – the Peak SWbS. Hard gusts during the night with rain. At 3pm the Portuguese bore up & stood towards Cracatoa. At daylight weighed & made sail & run along the coast of Princes Island. At 10 passed the Carpenters bearing N¼W. Distance ¼ miles – West Point of Princes Island NNW. Java Head SSE½E. At Noon extremes of Java at NNE½E to EbN½N. Peak of Princes Island NbE.

[End of Harbour Journal]

[Start of Sea Log]

Wednesday 3rd.
C&D SSW¾W 132. Strong breezes from the westward with hard squalls & rain. A very heavy swell which makes the Ship pitch deep – too hazy to see the land after Noon. The Ship makes a quantity of water which keeps the foremost head pump going these 24 hours. I take my departure from Java Head bearing yesterday at Noon NE Distance 3 Leagues. Allowing that it lies in Lat 6.47S Long 104.50 East. Lat 6.36S Long 103.53E.

[Page 119:]
Juliana towards St Helena

Thursday 4th February 1813.
C&D S34W 126. Fresh breeze at NW with squalls & rain & a large sea from the westward. Kept the foremost head pump almost continually going. Stowed the anchors & cables. Unrove Harbour Gun.

Friday 5th ditto.
C&D SW½W 122. Hard squalls throughout with rain. Sea still continues very high which makes us labour much. Kept the head pump going these 24 hours. Watch as requisite. Lat 11.25S Long 101.6E.

[Page 120:]
To St Helena

Saturday 6th February 1813.
C&D S49W 143. First & middle parts squally latter more moderate. A very heavy swell which makes us still continue labour. Pumped Ship every 3 hours. AM loosed sails to dry & cleaned between decks. Lat 12.59S Long 99.17E.

Sunday 7th February 1813.
C&D S61W 130. Moderate breezes from the northward & mostly fair weather. The Ship pitching very deep prevented our having Divine Service. Pumped Ship every 2 hours. This weeks expenditure 431 Gallons. Water on board 4669 Gallons. Lat 13.40S Long 97.21E.

[Page 121:]

Juliana towards St Helena

Monday 8th February 1813.
C&D WSW 82. Winds variable, mostly fair weather. Pumped Ship every 4 hours. AM swayed the Fore yard higher up & took the mast head slings up. Otherwise employed picking Oakum. Sailmaker repairing old sails. Carpenter caulking the Fore Top sail Sheet Bills. Lat 13.68S Long 96.5E.

Tuesday 9th February 1813.
C&D WbS 68. Light breezes at northward, cloudy weather. Pumped Ship every 4 hours. Carpenter caulking the Larboard Top Sides in the wake of a scupper. Lat 14.21S Long 94.56E.

[Page 122:]
To St Helena

Wednesday10th October 1813.
C&D WbS 145. First part variable winds & cloudy weather; latter a steady breeze & fair. Pumped Ship as yesterday. Carpenter caulking the spicketing aft on the starboard sides. Lat 14.48S. Long 92.29E

Thursday 11th February 1814.
C&D WbS 139. Light Trade & pleasant weather. Pumped Ship at 8 inches every 4 hours. Carpenter caulking the larboard top sides. Lat 15.27S long 90.8E.

[Page 123:]
Juliana towards St Helena

Friday 12th February 1813.
C&D WbS 150. A steady Trade throughout & fine weather. Pumped Ship every 4 hours. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the old Mizzen Top sail. Carpenter as previous days past. Lat 15.58S Long 88.69E.

Saturday 13th.
C&D S74W 146. Ditto wind & weather. PM Shifted the Mizzen Top sail with the old one. Pumped Ship as before. PM washed between decks & exercised the Great Gun & small arms. Lat 16.20S Long 85.13E.

[Page 124:]
To St Helena

Sunday 14th February 1813.
C&D S76W 157. A pleasant Trade throughout & fine weather. PM Departed this life Mr Sword, Paymaster H.M. 14th Reg’t. AM Read Divine Service & committed the body to the Deep with the usual ceremonies. Pumped Ship as before. This weeks expenditure 488 Gallons. Water on board 4182 Gallons. Lat 17.59S Long 83.35E.

Monday 15th.
C&D S75W 199. A fresh Trade throughout & fine weather. Pumped Ship as before. AM sealed & secured the Effects of the late Mr Thomas Sword in the presence of Capt. Douglas of H.M. 59th Reg’t & Lieut. Nickisson of H.M. 14th Reg’t. Employed working up Junk. Lat 17.29S Long 78.15E.

[Page 125:]
Juliana towards St Helena

Tuesday 16th February 1813.
C&D S74W 186. Steady Trade throughout & fine weather. Pumped Ship as before. AM Hauled the sails upon deck to overhaul & air. Fitted a new Mainsail & repaired it where it had received some damage from weather. Lat 18.13S Long 75.8E.

Wednesday 17th.
C&D S70W 170. Pleasant Trade & fine weather. Pumped Ship as days past. Cleaned the lower deck; otherwise employed making small Ropes. Carpenter caulking the starboard Top Sides. Sailmaker middle stitching the best mizzen Stay sails. Lat 18.40S Long 73.21E.

[Page 126:]
To St Helena

Thursday 18th February 1813.
C&D S69W 118. A light Trade & fine weather. Pumped Ship every 4 hours. Employed as yesterday. Sailmaker middle stitching the Main Stay sail.

Friday 19th.
C&D S69W 127. Pleasant Trade & fine weather. Pumped Ship as before. Carpenter caulking the waterways in the Upper Deck. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Fore Mast Stay sail. Lat 19.36S Long 69.21E.

[Page 127:]
Juliana towards St Helena

Saturday 20th February 1813.
C&D S64W 157. Pleasant Trade & fine weather. Pumped Ship every 4 hours. Cleaned the lower deck & exercised Great Gun & small arms. Carpenter as yesterday. Lat 20.43S Long 66.51E.

Sunday 21st February.
C&D S64W 147. Pleasant breezes & mostly fair weather. Pumped Ship as before. AM Read Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 536 Gallons Water on board 3570 Gallons. Lat 21.26S. Long 64.31E.

[Page 128:]
to St Helena

Monday 22nd February 1813.
C&D S67W 80. Variable winds & cloudy weather. People employed as necessary. Carpenter caulking the Top Sides. A swell at WSW. Lat 21.52S Long 63.19E.

Tuesday 23rd.
C&D WbS 113. Moderate breezes in the first part increasing to a fresh gale with hard puffs & a high sea at SSW. Kept the pump going every hour. Employed as requisite. Lat 22.34S Long 61.14E.

[Page 129:]
Juliana towards St Helena

Wednesday 20th February.
C&D S72W 135. First & middle parts a fresh gale with hard gusts & a large swell fro the southward – latter winds & sea much abated. Pumped Ship every hour. At 1am departed this life Genit Wynbugen – Dutch Prisoner of War. At 8 committed the body to the Deep after the usual Ceremony. Employed fitting the Storm Stay sail stays. Lat 2.6S Long 58.54E.

Thursday 25th.
C&D S65W 165. Fresh breeze decreasing in the latter part – cloudy weather. Pumped Ship every hour in the first part - & every 2 hours in the latter. Employed laying down Butts & cleaning the Gun Deck. Lat 24.19S Long 56.10E.

[Page 130:]
To St Helena

Friday 26th February 1813.
C&D S66W 168. Fresh breeze in the first part latter moderate & fair. Pumped Ship every 2 hours. Employed as yesterday. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Main Top sail. Carpenter caulking the Top Sides. Lat 25.21S Long 53.23E.

Saturday 27th.
C&D S64W 160. Pleasant breeze & fair weather. Pumped Ship every 4 hours. AM Set up the Fore & Main Top mast rigging. Cleaned between decks & exercised the Great Guns & small arms. Lat 26.10S Long 50.45E. [Error in two C&D - corrected to match Lat/Long - Ed.]

[Page 131:]
Juliana towards St Helena

Sunday 28th February 1823.
C&D S73W 132. Moderate breeze & fine pleasant weather. Pumped Ship every 4 hours. AM Read Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 434 Gallons Water on board 3060 Gallons. Lat 26.42S Long 48.24E.

Monday 1st March 1813.
C&D S73W 116. Light breeze & fine weather. Pumped Ship as before. AM Shifted the Fore sail with the 2nd best & Fore Top sail with the best. Carpenter caulking the waterways in the Upper Deck. Lat 27.22S Long 46.24E.

[Page 132:]
to St Helena

Tuesday 2nd March 1813.
C&D S73W 76. Light breezes increasing in the latter part. Fine weather. People employed under the Boatswain & working up Junk. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Main Top Mast Stay sail. Carpenter caulking the Top Sides. Lat 27.39S Long 44.59E.

Wednesday 3rd C&D SW 148.
Unsettled squally weather throughout with rain. Pumped Ship every 4 hours. Watch as necessary. Lat 28.31S Long 42.21E.

[Page 133:]
Juliana towards St Helena

Thursday 4th March 1813.
C&D S71W 155. First & middle parts unsettled squally weather; latter a pleasant breeze & fair weather. Pumped Ship every 2 hours, AM Cleaned between decks & loosed the small sails to dry. Sailmaker on the Fore Top Mast stay sail. Shifted mizzen Top sail with the best. Lat 29.21S Long 39.33E.

Friday 5th. C&D S81W 120.
Variable winds & unsettled weather. Employed working up Junk. Pumped Ship every 4 hours. Condemned the old Mizzen Top sail. Lat 29.37S Long 37.17E.

[Page 134:]
To St Helena

Saturday 6th March 1813.
C&D S66W 167. Fresh breeze & cloudy weather. Pumped Ship every 4 hours. AM Shifted the Main Top sail with the best. Cleaned between decks & exercised Great Guns & small arms. Lat 30.38S Long 34.23E.

Sunday 7th.
C&D S65W 140. Moderate breezes from the eastward, cloudy weather in the first part, latter fair. Pumped Ship every 4 hours. AM Read Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 403 Gallons Water on board 2657 Gallons.Lat 31.17S Long 31.5E.

[Page 135:]
Juliana towards St Helena

Monday 8th March 1813.
C&D S67W 175. First part a fine breeze & fair weather, middle & latter unsettled & squally with rain. Pumped Ship every 4 hours. Employed as requisite. At Noon fair weather. Lat 32.16S Long 28.46E.

Tuesday 9th.
C&D N72W 47. [note NW not SW] Strong breezes & unsettled weather for the most part. Pumped ship every Watch. Employed repairing the old Main Top sail & as requisite. Lat 32.7S Long 27.53E.

[Page 136:]
To St Helena

Wednesday 10th March 1813.
C&D WNW 35. First part fresh breezes decreasing to light airs. Fine weather. Pumped Ship every 4 hours. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 32.3S Long 27.15E.

Thursday 11th March 1813.
C&D W 63. Squally unsettled weather in the first & middle parts; latter a fresh breeze & fine weather. A large swell at southward. Pumped Ship as yesterday. Employed as before. Lat 31.58S Long 26.2E.

[Page 137:]
Juliana from Batavia

Friday 12th March 1813.
C&D S26W 74. Moderate breezes throughout with a swell at southward. Pumped Ship every 4 hours. At 4pm thought we saw land N51W but it being hazy were not positive. Sailmaker & Carpenter as days past. Employed under the Boatswain. Lat 33.3S Long 25.22E.

Saturday 13th.
C&D S68W 183. Increasing breeze in the first part; middle & latter strong breezes. A heavy sea in the latter part. Pumped Ship every 2 hours. Employed as requisite. Lat 34.30S Long 22.0E.

[Page 138:]
Towards St Helena

Sunday 14th March 1813.
C&D N82W 103. Variable winds & unsettled weather throughout. The weather too unsettled to admit our having Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 444 Gallons. Water on board 2205 Gallons. Lat 34.43S Long 20.18E.

Monday 15th.
C&D ----. Moderate breezes from the southward & unsettled hazy weather. Pumped Ship every 4 hours. AM Roused up the best bower cable, condemned the old one & spliced the inner bower to the spare cable for a new one. Clapped a half cable service upon it. At Noon saw land bearing N30E, Distance 8 or 9 Leagues. Lat 34.48 (obs’d) Long 21.46E.

[Page 139:]
Juliana from Batavia

Tuesday 16th March 1813.
C&D ---- . Brisk breeze throughout. & hazy weather. At 2pm the extremes of the land at N20E to N50E; at 4pm Extremes at N15E to 35East. At sunset saw the land about Cape Infanta bearing NNW. At daylight Extremes of land at NE½E to NbW.

Distance off shore 5 or 6 Leagues. The Gunney Quoin[?] NWbW. At Noon extremes to the eastward to 75E. Bluff Point N18E; Hanglip N20W. Bluff Point 5 or 6 Leagues. AM Bent the bower & sheet cables. Lat & Long ----. [Rest of page blank] – This part omitted .

[Page 140:]
Toward St Helena

Wednesday 17th March 1813.
C&D ----. Strong breeze from the SE in the 1st part increasing to a gale in the middle – latter light variable airs. At 4pm Extremes to the eastward S45E. Bluff Point N70E; Hanglip N5E. Cape of Good Hope NNW. At sunset Hanglip N61E. Extremes to the westward N30W; Distance off shore 3 Leagues. At 7pm saw strange sail under the land. Cleared Ship & prepared for Action. At Noon Green Point EbN 7 miles – Sugar Loaf SE, Robin Island NE¾E. Lat & Long ----.

Thursday 18th March.
C&D ----. First part light variable airs increasing to a violent gale in the middle, latter more moderate; at half past one an Officer from H.M. Brig Harpy & Mr Bridckirk , Master Attendant boarded the Ship – Mr Bridckirk left his assistant on board to assist in taking the Ship in. At 7pm anchored in 14 Fathoms with the best bower. Table Hill bearing S½E. At half past 9 the gale increasing found the Ship driving fast towards Robin Island were obliged to cut & stand to the southward to clear Whale Rocks.

[At Cape Town]

At 8am the Lion’s Rump S73E; Table Hill S56E. Cape Point S8E. At Noon Green Point S70E. Sugar Loaf S55E. Table Hill S47E. Southern-most Point south. Lat 33.58S (obs’d).

[Page 141:]
Juliana from Batavia

Friday March 19th 1813.
C&D ---- At 4pm finding it was blowing too fresh to turn to windward in the Mary stood off & on in Camp’s Bay all night. At 4am wind from the westward – made all sail & at half past 5 anchored with the best bower in Table Bay in 5½ Fathoms.

At 8 moored Ship; small bower to the NW. Green Point NNW½W. Lions Rump W½N. Sugar Loaf W¾S. Church SWbW½W. Body of Table Hill SW. Robin Island N½E. Distance off shore ¾ of a mile.

Found here H.M. Brig Harpy & 5 American Prizes & 2 Transports – Sent our empty butts on shore to fill. Mrs Robinson & Family left the Ship. At 9pm hard squalls from the NW with rain. This Log contains 36 hours.

[end of Sea Log]

[Start of Harbour Journal]

Saturday 20th March.
First part light airs variable & fine weather. Middle & latter fresh breeze from the SE. Received a boat load of water. Lieut. Col. Vandervoorn went on shore by Permission of the Government.

Sunday 21st.
Hard gale from the SE throughout. Got the Royal Masts on deck & struck Top Gallant Mast. Gave the Ship the whole cable service.

Monday 22nd.
Light variable winds & cloudy weather; finished Watering the Ship. Draft of water Fore 18.8 Aft 16.0. Ready for sea.

[Page 142:]
Towards St Helena

Tuesday 23rd March 1813.
Light variable winds from the NW throughout. Lowered sails to air & fidded Top Gallant Masts. Cleared Hawse.

Wednesday 2th March.
Light airs from the NW – AM Crossed Top Gallant yards. At Noon unmoored Ship. This Log contains 12 hours.

[End of Harbour Journal]

[Start of Sea Log]

Thursday 25th March 1813.
C&D N59W 163. Strong southerly winds & fine weather. At 1pm weighed & made sail & run out to the northward of Robin Island. At Sunset Table Hill S5E. Extremes of the land at S10W to N25E. Stowed the anchors & unbent the cables. I take my departure from Cape Town bearing at 3pm SW, 8 miles. Lat 32.32S Long 15.39E.

[Page 143:]
Juliana from Batavia

Friday 26th March 1813.
C&D N23W 47. Light variable winds & hazy weather. Pumped Ship very 4 hours. Sailmaker repairing the old Main top sail. People as requisite & scraping the top sides. Lat 31.51S Long 15.17E.

Saturday 27th.
C&D N45W 56. Light variable winds & fine weather. Pumped Ship as before. Cleared the lower deck & exercised the Great Guns & small arms. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 30.53S Long 14.11E.

[Page 144:]
Towards St Helena

Sunday 28th March 1813.
C&D N44E. Light variable winds & cloudy weather with rain thunder & lightning in the night. PM Departed this life Magnus Kaus Dutch Prisoner of War. AM committed the body to the Deep after usual Ceremony. The unsettled state of the weather prevented Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 402 Gallons Water on board 5000 Gallons. Lat 30.20S Long 13.57E.

Monday 29th March 1813.
C&D N45E 58. Light variable winds throughout & fair weather. Pumped Ship every 4 hours. Employed making small stuff, drawing yarns & scraping the sides. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top sail. Lat 29.37S Long 13.9E.

[Page 145:]
Juliana from Batavia

Tuesday 30th March 1813.
C&D N45W 108. Pleasant breeze throughout & fine weather. PM Departs this life Cornelius Ghose check with ship list] (Seaman). AM Committed the body to the Deep after the usual Ceremony. Employed shifting Coffee from the Fore Scuttle to the After Hold to trim the Ship. At Noon a strange sail in sight – bearing SEbE standing towards us. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 28.14S Long 11.42E.

Wednesday 31st.
C&D N45W 156. Fine breeze at S to SW & pleasant weather. At 2pm the strange sail bearing SE Distance 7 or 8 miles, coming up with us. Cleared the Ship & prepared for action – at half past 3 distance about 4 miles; she hauled her wind & stood to the west. At 6 Stranger from the mast head S½W. Employed working up junk. Sailmaker as yesterday. Carpenter repairing the Jolly Boat [a type of small ship's boat used to ferry personnel & small items to & from the ship]. Lat 26.31S Long 9.38E.

[Captain Rawes had learned in Batavia that we were at war with America.]

[Page 146:]
Towards St Helena

Thursday 1st April 1813.
C&D N50W 160. Usual breezes throughout, unsettled weather in the first part, latter fair. Pumped Ship every 4 hours. AM shifted the Fore & Main Top sails with the old ones – Unbent the Storm Stay sails. Lat 25.2S. Long 7.22E.

Friday 2nd.
C&D N50 147. Light Trade & pleasant weather. People under the Boatswain & about the rigging. Sailmaker repairing the best Fore Top sail. At 5am a strange sail bearing West – standing NNW. At Noon the Stranger NWbW hull down. Lat 23.36S Long 5.19E.

[Page 147:]
Juliana from Batavia

Saturday 3rd April 1813.
C&D N49W 126. Light Trade throughout & pleasant weather. At 6pm the stranger N40W about 10 miles. At daylight the Stranger courses down bearing N. At Noon NbE courses down. Employed as yesterday. Washed between decks & exercised the great Guns & small arms. Lat 22.22S Long 3.36E.

Sunday 4th 1813.
C&D N48W 93. Light Trade & fair weather. At sunset the Stranger N½E half Top sail down. At daylight not in sight; at Noon from the Main Top N. AM read Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 410 Gallons. Water on board 4188 Gallons. Lat 21.36S Long 2.21E.

[Page 148:]
Towards St Helena

Monday April 5th 1813.
C&D N47W 96. A light Trade throughout with fine weather. Pumped Ship every 4 hours. People employed under the Boatswain about the rigging. Gunner painting the Bowsprit. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore sail. Lat 20.31S Long 1.7E.

Tuesday the 6th April 1813.
C&D N46W 137. Moderate Trade throughout & cloudy weather – a large swell. Employed as yesterday. Gunner painting the masts. Carpenter repairing the yawl. Lat 19.3S Long 00.37W.

[Page 149:]
Juliana from Batavia

Wednesday 7th April 1813.
C&D N51W 168. Pleasant Trade & hazy weather. Employed as yesterday. Cleaned between decks. Lat 17.34S Long 2.52W.

Thursday April 8th.
C&D N30W 151. Normal Trade & cloudy weather. Employed painting Ship & reeving Harbour Gear. Lat 16.0S Long 4.52W.

[Page 150:]
Towards St Helena

Friday 9th April 1813.
C&D N76W 87. A light Trade & cloudy weather. Bent the cables & unstowed the anchors. Lat 16.0S Long 5.19W.

Saturday 10th April.
C&D ----. Steady Trade throughout & fine weather. At 2pm saw the Island of St Helena bearing NNW distance 15 Leagues. At sunset the land bearing WbN½N. At daylight rounded Barn Point; at 10 anchored in 8 Fathoms – moored Ship a cable each way. Lat ---- Long ----.

[End of Sea Log]

[Start of Harbour Journal]

[Page 151:]
Juliana at St Helena

Sunday April 11th 1813.
Light breezes from the Valley & fair Weather. Employed cleaning decks. Read Divine Service.

Monday 12th April.
Ditto wind & weather. Employed watering Ship; blacking yards. Sailmaker repairing the Fore sail. Gunner cleaning small arms. Arrived here the Mary Ann, South Sea Mast.

Tuesday 13th April.
Light breeze at SE & fair weather. Employed as yesterday.

Wednesday 14th April 1813.
Wind at SE with rain at times, & employed about the rigging & watering the Ship.

Thursday 15th April.
Variable winds at S to W. with rain at times. AM Bent the sails & cleaned decks. Arrived here a Portuguese ship from Bengal.

Friday 16th April.
Light breezes at SE with rain at times. Employed watering the Ship & painting the Quarter Deck.

[Page 152:]
At St Helena

Saturday 17th April 1813.
Light winds from the eastward; fine weather. AM Loosed sails to air & washed decks. Sailed home the Portuguese Ship.

Sunday 18th April.
Ditto winds & weather. Washed decks & performed Divine Service.

Monday 19th April.
Light airs, variable & sultry weather. Employed painting the Ship & about sundry jobs.

Tuesday 20th April.
Light breezes from the SE & fair weather. Employed about the rigging & making small rope. Cleared hawse.

Wednesday 21st April.
Ditto wind & weather. Employed about sundry jobs. Washed decks & scrubbed hammocks.

Thursday 22nd April.
Light variable wind with rain at times. Employed cleaning Ship – loosed sails to dry.

[Page 153:]
Juliana at St Helena

Friday 23rd April 1813.
Light variable winds & fair weather. Employed under the Boatswain. Working up Junk.

Saturday 24th April.
Ditto wind & weather. Set the rigging up Fore & Aft.

Sunday 25th April.
Light winds from SE & fair weather. Washed decks – Read Divine Service.

Monday 26th April.
Ditto wind & weather. AM loosed sails to dry. Received a Cable for the Use of the Ship – otherwise employed under the boatswain.

Tuesday 27th April.
Wind variable at southward with a heavy swell – Employed serving lower sails & sheets & about sundry jobs.

Wednesday 28th April.
Ditto wind & weather. Loosed sails to dry – Employed as useful & repairing the Royal & Studding sails.

[Page 154:]
At St Helena

Thursday 29th April 1813.
Light winds from the southward & cloudy weather. Loosed sails to air. Employed as useful. PM down Royal yards

Friday 30th April.
Wind from the southward with smart puffs from the Valley with rain. Sailmaker repairing the small sails – otherwise employed as needful.

Saturday 1st May.
Light winds at southward & fine weather. Loosed sails to air. Washed decks etc.

Sunday 2nd May.
Light variable winds & cloudy weather. Mustered the Ship’s Company & read Divine Service.

Monday 3rd May.
Smart puffs from the Valley with rain at times – employed about the rigging & working up Junk.

Tuesday 4th May.
Wind variable & cloudy weather. Employed on sundry jobs & about the rigging.

[Page 155:]
Juliana at St Helena

Wednesday 5th May 1813.
Variable winds & fine weather. Washed decks as necessary.

Thursday 6th May.
SE wind & cloudy weather. Loosed sails to dry. Sailmaker repairing 2nd best Main Top sail. Down Top Gallant yards.

Friday 7th May.
Wind from the SE with smart puffs from the Valley. Employed as necessary, Exercised Top Gallant & Royal yards.

Saturday 8th May 1813.
SE winds with rain at times. Washed decks & as useful. Sent Top Gallant & Royal yards up & down.

Sunday 9th May.
Variable winds from SE & fair weather. Read Divine Service.

Monday 10th May.
SE winds with rain at times; loosed sails to air – employed making small rope etc.

[Page 156:]
At St Helena

Tuesday 11th May 1813.
Light winds with rain at times. Employed working up Junk.

Wednesday12th May.
Light winds from the SE & cloudy weather. Lowered sails to air – Washed decks etc.

Thursday 13th May.
Variable winds with rain – employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Main Top sail.

Friday 14th May.
Southerly winds & fair weather. Lowered sails to dry. Employed making small rope etc.

Saturday 15th May.
Light breezes & fair weather. Washed between decks otherwise working up Junk. Sent Royal & Top Gallant yards up & down during the week AM & PM.

Sunday 16th May.
Light winds southerly & fair weather. Read Divine Service & mustered the People.

[Page 157:]
Juliana at St Helena

Monday 17th May 1813.
Southerly winds with rain at times. Employed working up Junk & as necessary.

Tuesday 18th May.
Southerly winds with hard puffs from the Valley at times. Struck Royal masts. Employed as before. Carpenter caulking the Bends.

Wednesday 19th May.
NE wind fair weather. Up Royal masts & yards. Loosed sails to air. Careened [turned on her side] Ship to caulk the lower streaks of the Bends.

Thursday 20th May.
Light winds from the SE & fair weather. Employed working up Junk – Carpenter repairing the Bends. Sailmaker repairing 2nd fore sail – Gunner cleaning small arms.

Friday 21st May.
Light winds from the southward fair weather. Employed working up Junk & making small rope. Repaired the service of the Cables.

Saturday 22nd May.
Wind light & variable with hard rain at times. Employed squaring the rattlings – Washed deck.

[Page 158:]
At St Helena

Sunday 23rd May 1813.
SE winds with rain at times. Washed decks. Read Divine Service & mustered the Ship’s Company.

Monday 24th May.
Strong breezes from the SE with rain at times. Employed as needful.

Tuesday 25th May.
Strong breezes from the SE & cloudy weather. Employed about sundry jobs. PM arrived here the James & Mary South Sea Whaler – Struck Top Gallant & Royal yards.

Wednesday 26th May.
Fresh gale from the SE with rain. Struck Royal masts. Arrived here H.M. Ships Neimen & Astrea from the Cape.

Thursday 27th May.
AM fresh Trade with hard gusts from the Valley, PM Moderate. Loosed sails to dry. Up Royal masts & crossed the yards.

Friday 28th May.
Wind from the SE & fair weather. Loosed sails to air, AM Arrived here H.C. Ships David Scott & Royal George from China.

Saturday 29th May.
Light breezes from the SE & fair weather. Loosed sails to air. Washed decks & about sundry jobs.

[Page 159:]
Juliana at St Helena

Sunday 30th May 1813.
Light winds from the SE & fair weather. Washed decks. Read Divine Service.

Monday 31st May.
SE winds with rain at times, strong puffs from the Valley. Employed about sundry jobs. Sailmaker making a new Main Top Gallant sail.

Tuesday 1st June.
SE wind with squalls at times – Employed working up Junk – Sailmaker as yesterday – Arrived here Hon Company’s Ship Alexander from Bencoolen [Benkulen] & a Transport from the Cape – Loosed sails to dry.

Wednesday June 2nd.
Wind from the southward with hard puffs from the Valley & rain at times. Washed decks. Sailmaker as before.

Thursday 3rd June.
Light winds from SE & fair weather. Loosed sails to air. Employed blacking the Bends & as useful.

Friday 4th June.
Wind from the SE & cloudy weather. Employed working up Junk. The Fort, H.M. Ships & Indiamen fired a Salute in Honour of his Majesty’s Birthday.

[Page 160:]
At St Helena

Saturday 5th June 1813.
Ditto wind & weather. Loosed sails to air. Washed decks. Sailmaker making a new Main Top Gallant sail. PM Arrived here the H.C. Ships Warren Hastings & Marchioness of Ely.

Sunday 6th June.
Fresh breeze from the SE & cloudy weather. Read Divine Service & mustered the Ship’s Company.

Monday 7th June.
Light breeze from the SE & fair weather. Crossed Royal & Top Gallant yards. Loosed sails to air. Sailmaker as before.

Tuesday 8th June.
Ind at Se & fair weather. Employed working up Junk & the Sailmaker as before. PM Arrived here H.M. Ship Bucephalus – H.C. Ships City of LondonCastle HuntlyColdstream - & 3 Country Ships.

Wednesday 9th June.
Fresh breeze from SE & cloudy weather. Washed decks & loosed sails - otherwise as necessary.

Thursday 10th June.
SE wind fair weather. Employed working up Junk & as necessary. PM Arrived here H.C. Ships Lord Duncan, Broxbornbury & Lord Keith.

Friday 11th June.
Light breezes from SE & fair weather. Employed as necessary.

[Page 161:]
Juliana at St Helena

Saturday 12th June 1813.
SE wind & fair weather. Washed decks & cleared Ship.

Sunday 13th June.
Light breeze from the SE fair weather. Read Divine Service & mustered the Ship’s Company.

Monday 14th June.
Wind & weather as yesterday. AM Loosed sails & brought them afresh to the yards. Bent Top Gallant sails & Royals. AM Commodore made the Signal for an officer – Received Instructions.

Tuesday 15th June.
Light breezes from the SE & fair weather. Roused the cables up cleared the pins & payed them down.

Wednesday 16th June.
Light breezes from the SE & fair weather. Employed working up Junk. Washed decks. At 1am departed this life William Boreham Seaman.

Thursday 17th June.
Light breeze from the SE & fair weather. Employed under the Boatswain & committed the body of the deceased to the Deep after the usual Ceremony.

Friday 18th June.
SE winds fair weather. At 8am Commodore hoisted Blue Peter. At 5pm Signal to unmoor at half past 4am. Draft of water Fore 17.8 Fathoms Aft 16.5 Fathoms. Water on board 5200 Gallons.

[End of Harbour Journal]

[Start of Sea Log]

[Page 162:]
St Helena

Saturday 19th June 1813.
C&D ----. Wind from the SSE & fine weather. At 6am H.M. Ship Neimen made signal to unmoor. At 7 signal to weigh. At 9 weighed & stood out of the Road for our station. At Noon the Island from SSW to SE½E. Distance 10 miles.

In company with H.M. Ships Neimen, Astrea & Bucephalus & H.C. Ships David Scott, Royal George, Warren Hastings, City of London, [Lord] Duncan, Broxbornbury, Marchioness of Ely, Castle Huntly, Coldstream, Lord Keith & Alexander – Country Ships. Commodore NNE.

Sunday 20th June.
C&D N44W 152. A pleasant Trade & fine weather. PM Stowed the anchors & unbent the cables. AM Performed Divine Service & mustered the Ship’s Company. Departure from James Town bearing yesterday at Noon SSE Distance 10 miles – Lat 15.55 South, Long 5.43 West. Lat 14.2S Long 7.33W.

[Page 163:]
Juliana from St Helena

Monday 21st June 1813.
C&D N41W 140. A pleasant Trade & fine weather. AM Roused the cables upon the deck to dry – took the service off & payed them down again. I find the half Minute Glass 3 seconds too long, for which I deduct 16 miles. Lat 12.28S Long 9.7W.

Tuesday 22nd June.
C&D N42W 133. Ditto wind & weather. AM Cleaned between decks – otherwise employed as necessary. Lat 11.1S Long 10.38W.

[Page 164:]
Towards England

Wednesday 23rd June 1813.
C&D N42W 136. A pleasant Trade & fine weather. Employed under the Boatswain . Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top Gallant sail. Washed between decks. Carpenter repairing the Yawl. Lat 9.20S. Long 12.10W.

Thursday 24th June 1813.
C&D ----. Brisk Trade & fine weather. Employed as most useful. At daylight saw the Island of Ascension bearing NbW½W. to NW. Distance about 9 Leagues. At half past 11 saw Camperdown Bay under the land standing towards us. At Noon extremes of the land SEbE to South, Distance 8 miles. Lat 7.51S (obs’d) Long 14.26W (obs’d).

[Page 165:]
Juliana from St Helena

Friday 25th June 1813.
C&D N31W 176. Brisk Trade & fair weather. At 2pm the Camperdown sent her boat on board the Commodore. At 3 she parts company. At 4pm the Island bearing SbE. Distance about 8 Leagues. Employed under the Boatswain & cleaning the lower deck. Lat 5.26S Long 15.52W.

Saturday 26th June.
C&D N24W 173. Ditto wind & weather. Employed making small rope. Exercised the great Guns & small arms. Lat 2.54S Long 17.13W.

[Page 166:]
Towards England

Sunday 27th June 1813.
C&D N15W 152. Moderate Trade & fair weather. AM Read Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 435 Gallons Water on board 4825 Gallons. Under easy sail for the Coldstream. Lat 00.46S Long 17.53W.

[Speed reduced for slowest in the Fleet]

[Crossed Equator]

Monday June 28th.
C&D N13W 114. Ditto wind & weather. Employed under the Boatswain. Working up Junk. Lat 1.1N Long 18.19W.

[Page 167:]
Juliana from St Helena

Tuesday June 29th 1813.
C&D N14W 129. Moderate breezes & thick hazy weather. People working Junk. Tradesmen usefully employed. Under easy sail throughout. Lat 3.19N Long 18.50W.

Wednesday 30th June.
C&D N14W 135. Steady breezes from the southward & hazy weather. AM Cleaned between decks. Employed otherwise under the Boatswain. Under easy sail for the most part. Lat 5.20N Long 19.23W.

[Page 168:]
Towards England

Thursday 1st July 1813.
C&D N2W 111. Light breezes from the southward & hazy weather with drizzling rain. Employed under the Boatswain. Under easy sail. Lat 6.34N Long 19.27W.

Friday 2nd July.
C&D N2W 40. Variable winds with squally unsettled weather in the middle part. At daylight a strange sail at bearing ESE standing to the southward. The Astrea went in chase at 8. She spoke to the Stranger & stood towards the fleet. Lat 7.47N Long 19.31W.

[Page 169:]
Juliana from St Helena

Saturday July 3rd 1813.
C&D N2W 99. Variable winds with cloudy weather throughout. Rain in the middle part. A head sea in the latter.AM Cleaned the lower deck & exercised the Guns. Under easy sail throughout. Lat 9.3N Long 19.35W.

Sunday July 4th.
C&D N10W 92. Variable winds throughout & with unsettled squally weather for the most part. The Duty of the Ship prevented our having Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 448 Gallons Water on board 4262 Gallons. Lat 10.54N Long 19.50W.

[Page 170:]
Towards England

Monday July 5th 1813.
C&D N25E 36. First part hard squalls & rain; middle & latter light variable winds & cloudy weather. Lat 11.19N Long 19.57W.

Tuesday July 6th.
C&D W½N 29. Light winds variable & cloudy weather. Shifted the Fore sail with the 2nd best. Employed working up Junk. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top sail. Condemned the old Fore sail. Lat 11.21N Long 20.5W. 28 Gallons Water on board 2932 Gallons. Lat 34.15N Long 36.9W.

[Page 171:]
Juliana from St Helena

Wednesday 7th July 1813.
C&D NWbN 14. Light airs variable & calms. AM Washed between decks. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 11.19N Long 20.13W.

Thursday 8th July.
C&D W½N 64. Light breezes throughout & cloudy weather. Employed laying down water & working up Junk. Sailmaker as before. Lat 11.33N Long 21.16W.

[Page 172:]
Towards England

Friday 9th July 1813.
C&D N67W 76. Light breezes at NE & cloudy weather, People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker as before. Lat 11.59N Long 22.26W.

Saturday 10th July.
C&D N54W 98. Moderate Trade & cloudy weather; some light squalls & rain in the latter part. Washed between decks. Exercised the Great Guns & small arms. Lat 12.53N Long 23.45W.

[Page 173:]
Juliana from St Helena

Sunday 11th July 1813.
C&D N50W 110. Moderate Trade & cloudy weather. AM Read Divine Service & mustered the Ship’s Company. This weeks expenditure 461 Gallons. Water on board 3786 Gallons. Lat 14.3N Long 25.11W.

Monday 12th July.
C&D N46W 105. Brisk Trade & cloudy weather. At half past 2pm a Fleet in sight of 20 sail standing to the southward. H.M. Ship Bucephalus spoke them. AM Commodore informed us they were from England 1st June. Employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top sail. Lat 15.4N Long 26.30W.

[Page 174:]
Towards England

Tuesday 13th July 1813.
C&D N41W 121. Fresh Trade throughout & cloudy weather. Employed as yesterday. Lat 16.38N Long 27.52W.

Wednesday 14th July 1813.
C&D N40W 115. A fresh Trade & cloudy weather. AM Cleared between decks & exercised the Great Guns & small arms. Sailmaker as before. Lat 18.10N Long 29.9W.

[Page 175:]
Juliana from St Helena

Thursday July 15th 1813.
C&D N38W 103. A strong Trade throughout, mostly fair weather. PM Got the Yawl on board to repair. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Jib. Carpenter repairing the yards. People as requisite. Lat 19.30N Long 30.9W.

Friday July 16th.
C&D N20W 114. Moderate breeze & fair weather in the first & latter parts; middle squally. Employed as yesterday. Shifted the driver with a new one. Lat 21.40N Long30.50W.

[Page 176:]
Saturday 17th July 1813.
C&D ----. Moderate breeze & mostly fair weather. Kept ahead of the Fleet & carried Top Light during the night. AM Set the Top mast & Top Gallant rigging up & shifted Fore & Main Top sails with the 2nd best. Lat ---- Long ----.

Sunday 18th July.
C&D N18W 126. Fresh breezes; squally with rain at times. At 4pm in our Station. Weather too unsettled to admit the performance of Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 426 Gallons Water on board 3360 Gallons. Lat 25.5N Long 31.52W.

[Page 177:]
Juliana from St Helena

Monday 19th July 1813.
C&D N19W 119. Pleasant breeze at eastward & fair weather. PM Commodore made general Telegraph 2, 634,304, 647. Employed working up Junk & making small rope. Sailmaker repairing the old Jib. Carpenter to the Yawl. Lat 26.54N Long 32.35W.

Tuesday 20th July 1813.
C&D N21W 137. A fresh breeze & pleasant weather. Employed as yesterday. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top Gallant sail. Lat 28.55N Long 33.30W.

[Page 178:]
Towards England

Wednesday 21st July 1813.
C&D N26W 106. Moderate breeze throughout & mostly fair weather. Employed as yesterday. Sailmaker repairing the old Mizzen Top Gallant sail. Washed between decks & exercised Great Guns & small arms. Lat 30.22N Long 34.23W.

Thursday 22nd.
C&D NW½N 113. Moderate breeze throughout & fair weather. Employed as yesterday. Lat 31.36N Long 35.49W.

[Page 179:]
Juliana from St Helena

Friday July 23rd 1813.
C&D NNW½W 69. Light breezes increasing in the latter Part; fair weather. Employed under the Boatswain & as necessary. Gunner cleaning small arms. Lat 32.29N Long 36.26W.

Saturday July 24th.
C&D NW 81. Light airs & calm throughout; hot sultry weather. Cleared the lower deck & exercised the Great Guns & small arms. Sailmaker repairing the old Studding sail. Lat 32.29N Long 36.33W.

[Page 180:]
Towards England

Sunday 25th July.
C&D N11E 108. Increasing breeze & fair weather. A large swell at NNW in the latter part. Got the flying Jib & Boom in. Blowing too fresh & shipping sprays prevented our having Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 4

Monday 26th.
C&D N23E148. Fresh breezes throughout & cloudy weather. Employed under the Boatswain as necessary. Cooper repairing the Car Buoys [Carboys] Lat 36.7N Long 34.59W.

[Page 181:]
Juliana from St Helena

Tuesday July 27th 1813.
C&D N27E 133. Increasing to a brisk gale with hazy weather. Employed breaking out water & under the Boatswain. Cooper as before. Sailmaker repairing the old Flying Jib. Lat 38.9N Long 33.42W.

Wednesday July 28th.
C&D N47E 154. Fresh breeze throughout & hazy weather. Squally with rain at times – a large swell at NW. Cleared between decks. Exercised great Guns. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 39.58N Long 31.19W.

[Page 182:]
Towards England

Thursday 29th July 1813.
C&D N62E 119. Fresh breeze in the first & middle part; latter light hazy weather. A large swell from the NW. People under the Boatswain. Tradesmen as necessary. Lat 40.54N Long 29.1W.

Friday 30th July 1813.
C&D N61E 68. Light breeze throughout and fair weather. Swell still continues. Employed making Nippers etc. Lat 41.38N Long 27.8W.

[Page 183:]
Juliana from St Helena

Saturday 31st July 1813.
C&D N60E 96. Light breeze throughout and fine, pleasant weather. Clapped a whole and half cable service in the best bower. Lat 42.10N Long 25.18W.

Sunday 1st August.
C&D N57E 151. Steady breeze throughout & hazy weather . Rain in the middle part. Read Divine Service & mustered he Ship’s Company. This weeks expenditure 428 Gallons Water on board 2504 Gallons.

At AM a strange sail bearing NNW, Commodore & Frigate in chase. Lat 43.49N Long 22.28W.

[Page 184:]
Towards England

Monday 2nd August 1813.
C&D N54E 112. Moderate breezes throughout & hazy weather. A 4pm the Stranger not in sight. People employed making Platt etc. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Royal. Cooper making a Nun Bury. Dep Royal Masts & crossed the Yards. Lat 44.42N Long 20.22W.

Tuesday 3rd August.
C&D N56E 143. Westerly winds & hazy weather with rain at times. Employed slinging the Burys & as useful. Sailmaker making a Fore Top Mast sail. Lat 45.59N Long 17.34W.

[Page 185:]
Juliana from St Helena

Wednesday 4th August 1813.
C&D N60E 147. Moderate breezes in the first & middle parts. Latter a fresh gale & unsettled squally weather. AM Departed this life Gevrard Fissrien Seaman. At Noon committed the body to the Deep after the usual Ceremony. Watch as requisite. Lat 47.6N Long 14.27W.

Thursday 5th August.
C&D N64E 190. Fresh gale from the westward throughout with hard gusts & rain at times. A large swell at WNW. PM Shifted the Main Top sail with the best. AM Shifted the Fore Top Gallant with the best. Employed turning in the deck Stoppers & preparing the Harbour Gun. Lat 48.22N Long 10.11W.

[Page 186:]
Towards England

Friday 6th August 1813.
C&D N59E 174. First part fresh gales, latter more moderate & cloudy weather - swell much abated. AM bent the best bower & clapped a whole & half cable service on the small. Sailmaker on the Fore Top Mast Stay sail. Lat 49.45N Long 6.11W.

Saturday 7 August.
C&D N74E 117. Light winds throughout & cloudy weather. At 6pm a strange sail bearing SEbS. The Astrea spoke her. Cleared lower decks & exercised great Guns & small arms. Lat 49.37N Long 3.17W.

[Page 187:]
Juliana from St Helena

Sunday 8th August 1813.
C&D ----. Light breezes in the first & middle parts increasing latterly hazy weather. At 3pm saw the land about the lands & bearing NE½N – at 4pm extremes of the land at N½E to NEbN. At 6 extremes at N½E. At 7 saw the Lizard Lights bearing NEbN. Distance about 6 Leagues. AM Too hazy to see the land – several sail in sight. Making & shortening sail prevented Divine Service. Lat ---- Long ----.

Monday 9th August 1813.
Steady breeze & mostly fair weather. At 6pm saw the Start bearing NbW½W. At 8pm Portland N½W.

At 4am sent the Purser on shore with the Dispatches. The passengers left the Ship. At daylight St Catherine’s Point [Isle of Wight] NEbN Distance 10 miles. At 8am passed the Owers – At Noon St Catherine’s Point N85W, Owers Light Vessel N80W Distance 8 or 9 miles. Brighton N35E. Beachy Head S89E Distance off shore about 7 miles.

[Page 188:]
Hon’ble Company’s Ship Juliana.

Tuesday 10th August 1813.
Light breezes throughout. & fair weather. At 4pm Beachy Head East, Ditto at 6pm NNW. Land Dungeness N60E. At sunset Beachy Head N6E, Dungeness N58E. High land off Farleigh N26E. At 8am Dungeness Light House N50E. Town of Rye N35W. High land of Farleigh N65W. At 9 South Foreland N58E.

At noon Dungeness S85W. Dover Castle N48E. South Foreland N57E, 8 miles. At 2pm Mr Blake Pilot came on board & took charge of the Ship. At 3pm anchored off Sandgate in 14 Fathoms. At 5 weighed and made sail. 5 to 6 just stemming the tide – at sunrise South Foreland NEbE. Dover Castle NE½E. At 11 passed through the Downs. An Officer of H.M. Navy came on board & pressed G.Inclidon [Inkleton in crew list and Pinkerton in the Ledger and Payment Book.] & William Blair. At 12 Bun---- Light bearing SWbS. This Log contains 36 hours & ends at Midnight to regulate Harbour Log.

[End of Sea Log]

[Page 189:]

[Start of Harbour Log]

August 11th 1813.
At 4am anchored in 14 Fathoms, North Foreland Light bearing S8W. At 6 weighed and made sail. Wind from the southward & westward. At 8 abreast the North Foreland. At Noon passed Margate Sand Tongue bearing NW. At 3pm brought up with the best bower in 7 Fathoms in the upper part of Queen’s Channel.

August 12th.
At 7am weighed & mad sail. At 11 crossed The Flats. Least water 11½ Fathoms. From 11 to 12 in passing other Ships in their N---. Abreast Lee Church – At 12pm brought up abreast Gravesend, when the Pilot left the Ship. Came on board Mr Chandler Pilot & took charge of the Ship.

August 13th.
Light breeze from the N and cloudy weather. At 10am weighed & made sail & worked up to Half Way Reach. At 2pm brought up there. PM came alongside a lighter. Sent the Ship’s sails and sundry stores on shore – AM came on board Mr Collin, Company’s Surveyor and Mr Jefferson, King’s Surveyor with the usual number of assistants.

Saturday 14th.
Fresh breeze from the northward and fair weather. At 12am weighed & worked up to Woolwich. At half past – pm lashed alongside the Hulk at Woolwich. Employed unreeving the running rigging.

[Page 190:]
Sunday August 15th 1813.
Fresh breeze at N in the first part with rain. At 2am the Flood made but the wind blows too fresh from the northward, could not move the Ship. AM down the Top Gallant yards; struck the Royal & Top Gallant masts & unbent the sails. At 1pm cast off from the Hulk and worked up to Blackwall & at 4pm lashed alongside the Ships at Blackwall. Unbent the sails and discharged the cables. The Pilot left the Ship. Pumped the Ship 8 inches.

Monday 16th.
Light breeze at northward and fine weather. AM struck the Top masts and got the Lower & Top Gallant yards fore & aft. Sent on shore the running rigging and sundry Stores. At 11am Mr Chandler Pilot came on board and at 2pm cast off from the Hulk and hauled into the Basin. Pumped Ship 8 inches.

Tuesday 17th.
Light breeze at the northward and fine weather. At 2pm Mr Ford came on board and hauled the Ship into the inner basin and secured her. Pumped Ship 6 inches. Officers on board 1 & 3.

Wednesday 18th.
Ditto wind & weather. Employed clearing Ship. Pumped Ship 6 inches. Officers on board 2 & 3.

[Page 191:]
At Blackwall

Thursday 19th August 1813.
Light winds from the northward with fine weather. Employed delivering baggage. Capt. Hilton* & Mr Pace came on board to inspect the Ship. Pumped Ship & washed decks.

[Believed to be Captain John Woodbridge Hilton, born 1766, Commanded the Good Hope (3) in 1765 & 1779.]

Friday 21st.
Light breezes at northward and cloudy weather. Officers on board 1st, 2nd & 3rd.

Sunday 22rd.
No person admitted into dock.

Monday 23rd.
Light breezes at SE and fair weather. AM hauled the Ship alongside the wharf ready to deliver Cargo. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Tuesday 24th.
Light breeze from the SE and fair weather. AM Opened the main hold in the presence of Capt. Eastfield and delivered 300 bags of Coffee on account of the Hon’ble Company, three of which were seized, being short weight of 104 lbs. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.
[Captain William John Eastfield, born 1777, was an experienced Purser and Commander and had, among others, commanded HCS Huddart, in 1803/4.]

[Page 192:]
Blackwall

Wednesday 26th August 1813.
Light breeze at SE and fair weather. Did not move any Cargo on account of some delays at the Custom House. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Thursday 26th.
Light breeze at SE and fair weather. Employed delivering Coffee on Acc’t of the Hon’ble Company. Pumped Ship 6 inches. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Friday 27th.
Light breeze at the northward and cloudy weather. Employed delivering Coffee on account of the Hon’ble Company. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Saturday 28th.
Fresh breeze from the northward and cloudy weather. Employed delivering Coffee on Acc’t of the Hon’ble Company and private Trade. Officers on board 1st 3rd.

Sunday 29th.
No person admitted to the docks.

[Page 193:]
Blackwall

Monday 30th August 1813.
Light breeze from the northward and pleasant weather. Employed delivering Coffee on account of the Hon’ble Company. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Tuesday 31st.
Light breeze from northward and pleasant weather. Employed delivering Hon’ble Company’s Cargo & private Trade. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Wednesday 1st September 1813.
Fresh breeze from the northward with cloudy weather. Employed delivering private Trade. Officers on boar 2nd & 3rd.

Thursday 2nd.
Light breezes at the northward with rain. Employed delivering Cargo Officers on board 2nd & 3rd.

Friday 3rd.
Variable winds from the northward with cloudy weather. Employed delivering Coffee on account of the Hon’ble Company. Officers on board 2nd & 3rd.

[Page 194:]
Blackwall

Saturday 4th September.
Variable winds from the northward with squalls and rain. Employed delivering Coffee & Sugar on the account of the Hon’ble Company. Officers on board 2nd & 3rd.

Sunday 5th.
No person admitted to the dock.

Monday 6th.
Strong northerly winds with rain. Employed delivering Sugar on account of the Hon’ble Company. Officers on board 2nd & 3rd.

Tuesday 7th.
Fresh breeze from the north and cloudy weather. Employed delivering Sugar on account of the Hon’ble Company. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Wednesday 8th.
Fresh breeze from the NW and cloudy weather. Employed delivering Cargo on account of the Hon’ble Company. Officers on boar 1st & 3rd.

[Page 195:]
Blackwall

Thursday 9th September 1813.
Light breezes from the northward and cloudy weather with rain at times. Employed delivering Cargo on Accc't of the Hon'ble Company. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Friday 10th.
Light breezes from the northward and fine weather. Employed delivering Saltpetre on account of the Hon'ble Company. AM came on board Capt. Hilton and Mr Pace to survey the Leagier of Arrack. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Saturday 11th.
Ditto wind & weather. Employed delivering Arrack on account of the Hon’ble Company, found Leagier empty. Fault of the Clark. Officers on board 2nd & 3rd.

Sunday 12th.
No admittance into the dock.

Monday 13th.
Light breeze from the southward & fine weather. Employed delivering Arrack on account of the Hon’ble Company. Officers on board 1st, 2nd & 3rd.

[Page 196:]
Blackwall

Tuesday 14th September 1813.
Light breeze from the southward and fair weather. Delivered the remainder of the Hon.ble Company’s Cargo. Employed sweeping the hold. Officers on board 1st & 3rd. Captain Ford hauled the Ship out of the Dock.

Monday 15th.
Light breeze from the southward and fair weather. AM The King’s Surveyor came on board and cleared the Ship. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

This is a Continuation of my original Journal.
R.Rawes [signed]

Witness: C. Collingwood [signed]

[Pages 197 to 203 - blank]

[Page 204:]
Rec'd the undermentioned Prisoners of War on Bd the 23rd Jany 1813 at Batavia.
List of Dutch Prisoners of War proceeding to England. On board the Hon'ble Company's extra Ship Juliana.
No, Names Stations Remarks
1 Nathl Stetger In List of Ships Co
2 M. Dobberobsckei do
3 M. Habriel do
4 M. Hill do
5 D. Braun do
6 Pat'k. Laurence do
7 Geo. Korning [Horning?]
Not in CM Journal, In list of Ships Co.
8 Magnus Kaus do Died at sea 28th March 1813
9 G. Wynbugen
Died at sea 24th Feby 1813
10 Van Ryn

11 C. Peters

12 Scholitz do
Delivered the above at Gravesend the 12th August 1813.

Invalids of H.M. 59th Regiment. Received the undermentioned on Board at Batavia 23rd Jany 1813.

1 James Martin Qr Mast Sergeant Died at Sea 27th Jany 13
2 Andrew Parke Private
3 Wm Bishop Private
4 D. Smith Private
5 Saml Farmer Private
6 Wm Ford Private
7 James McLeod Sergeant 78th Sent on Board at St Helena 19th June 1813.

Landed at Woolwich 14th Augst 1813.

[Page 205:]
I do declare upon my Honor that the aforesaid are true & correct Lists of the Ship's Company and Passengers to the best of my knowledge & Belief.
R. Rawes [signed] [India Office Records Stamp]

End of Journal & Log.

The Ledger and Pay Book for this voyage.


Ledger:

This is a book originally of blank forms prefaced by index pages. The index is arranged in alphabetical manner on pages divided in two so that columns for names beginning with A B appear on the first page. The forms are arranged two per page and are set out as per the following image.

The ledger is only partially filled, probably because the Juliana was only in service for two voyages. The first entry begins on 2nd May 1810 with image 16, with a voyage under Captain Toussaint to Bengal. The voyage under Captain Rawes begins with image 136. The last entry is on 24th September 1813, after the completion of a voyage under Captain Rawes from Batavia. There are blank pages both between the two voyages and after.

There are two forms per crew member, including the captain, and they are spread across two pages therefore when one opens the ledger there are two pages one and so on. Form one gives wages and deductions while the second form gives length of service and the amount received per month. There are usually two crew members on each two page. Each form can have two or more entries as they represent both salary and expenses covering the voyage.

Note 1: There are over 200 images covering the ledger as a hole, many of which are blank forms. We have only concentrated on the voyage made by Captain Rawes, therefore we have only covered image 136 onwards have been published as they deal with Captain Rawes' voyage to Batavia and thereby compliments both the Payment Book and the Journal.

Note 2: Some of the crew appear in the Ledger but not in the Payment Book, suggesting that they never claimed any pay: John Allen died at Batavia and Magnus Kaus died at sea, presumably their relatives never claimed; William Drabble, Phillip Lampley, James Norridge, Thomas Anderson, Robert Griffiths, William Lewis, William Osborn & John Green were pressed very early on the voyage by the Phoenix; John Pedro, Matthias Rodrigo, Lewis Gonsalves & Feliciano ran at Madeira.


INDEX
The numbers refer to the page number at the top of each page and deal with 66 individuals.

Adney, James. Midshipman 6
Allcot, James. Captains Cook 8
Allen, John. Seaman 7
Anderson, Thomas. Ordinary Seaman 21
Antonio, John. Seaman 28
Baily, Joseph. Carpenters Mate & Caulker 9
Beale, Joseph. Seaman 13
Bell, Thomas. Sailmaker 7
Bird, Thomas. Ordinary Seaman 25
Blair, William. Ships Cook 8
Boreham, William. Seaman 15
Bound, Arthur. Ordinary Seaman 27
Brauer, Dirk. Ordinary Seaman 31
Clarke, John. Midshipman 6
Conquest, Joseph. Ordinary Seaman 21
Crampey, John. Ordinary Seaman 22
Delahanty, David. Ordinary Seaman 24
Dobberobsckie, Michael. Ordinary Seaman 29
Drabble, William. Seaman 12
Dunn, Thomas. Ordinary Seaman 23
Feleciano. Seaman 14
Fiserein, Gervard, Seaman 16
Friend, Joseph. Carpenter 4

Gear, Joseph. Ordinary Seaman 26
Gonsalvus, Lewis. Ordinary Seaman 25
Gose, Albert Cornelius. Seaman 18
Green, John. Seaman 19
Griffiths, Robert. Ordinary Seaman 23
Habriel, Matruis. Ordinary Seaman 30
Hayward, George. Seaman 11
Irvin, James. Cooper & Ships Steward 5
Johnson, John Edward. 1st Mate 1
Johnston, John. Seaman 17
Kaus, Magnus. Ordinary Seaman 32
Keefe, Robert. Boatswain 5
Kitt, Adreanes. Ordinary Seaman 30
Koning, George. Ordinary Seaman 32
L’Overman, Charles. 2nd Mate 28
Lampley, Phillip. Seaman 13
Lawrence, Piet. Ordinary Seaman 31
Lewis, William. Ordinary Seaman 24
Long, Jessy. Quartermaster 10
Lumstrum, Peter. Seaman 33
Norridge, James. Ordinary Seaman 20
Olson, Peter. Seaman 12
Osborn, William. Ordinary Seaman 26
Pedro, John. Seaman 17
Peters, Lewis. Seaman 15
Peterson, Surin. Seaman 14
Phillips, Samuel. Gunner 4
Pinkerton, George. Ordinary Seaman 19
Pitt, William. Seaman 10
Rawes, Richard Commander 1
Rawes, Richard, Seaman [Purser] 3
Robinson, John. Ordinary Seaman 20
Rodrigo, Matthias. Ordinary Seaman 22
Seacole, Thomas Fowler. 2nd Mate 2
Silver, Joseph. Ordinary Seaman 33
Smith, Portires. 3rd Mate 2
Soles, Jose. Ordinary Seaman 27
Spain, William. Butcher 9
Stitzer, Nathaniel. Ordinary Seaman 29
Surman, Andrew. Seaman 16
Timmerman, Daniel. Seaman 18
Vanorden, John. Gunners Mate 11
Woodhouse, Joseph. Surgeon 3

FORMS
[Page 1:] Richard Rawes, Commander & Jonathan Edward Johnson, 1st mate.

[Page 2:] Thomas Fowler Seacole, 2nd mate & Portius Smith, 3rd mate.

[Page 3:] Joseph Woodhouse, Surgeon & Richard Rawes [Purser], Seaman.

[Page 4:] Joseph Friend, Carpenter & Samuel Phillips, Gunner.

[Page 5:] Robert Keefe, Boatswain & James Irvin, Cooper & Ships' Steward.

[Page 6:] John Clarke, Midshipman & James Adney, Midshipman.

[Page 7:] Thomas Bell, Sailmaker & John Allen, Seaman.

[Page 8:] James Allcot, Captains' Cook & William Blair, Ships' Cook.

[Page 9:] Joseph Bailey, Carpenters' mate & Caulker & William Spain, Butcher.

[Page 10:] William Pitt, Seaman & Jessy Long, Quartermaster.

[Page 11:] John Vanorden, Gunners' mate & George Hayward, Seaman.

[Page 12:] William Drabble, Seaman & Peter Olson, Seaman.

[Page 13:] Phillip Lampley, Seaman & Joseph Beale, Seaman.

[Page 14:] Surin Peterson, Seaman & Feleciano, Seaman.

[Page 15:] William Boreham, Seaman & Lewis Peters, Seaman.

[Page 16:] Andrew Surman, Seaman & Gerrard Fiserein, Seaman.

[Page 17:] John Pedro, Seaman & John Johnston, Seaman.

[Page 18:] Daniel Timmerman, Seaman & Albert Cornelius Gose, Seaman.

[Page 19:] John Green, Seaman & George Pinkinton, Ordinary Seaman.

[Page 20:] John Robinson, Ordinary Seaman & James Norridge, Ordinary Seaman.

[Page 21:] Joseph Conquest, Ordinary Seaman & Thomas Anderson, Ordinary Seaman.

[Page 22:] Matthias Rodrigo, Ordinary Seaman & John Crampsey, Ordinary Seaman.

[Page 23:] Robert Griffiths, Ordinary Seaman & Thomas Dunn, Ordinary Seaman.

[Page 24:] David Dalahanty, Ordinary Seaman & William Lewis, Ordinary Seaman.

[Page 25:] Lewis Gonsalves, Ordinary Seaman & Thomas Bird, Ordinary Seaman.

[Page 26:] William Osborn, Ordinary Seaman & Joseph Gear, Ordinary Seaman.

[Page 27:] Jose Solis, Ordinary Seaman & Arthur Bound, Ordinary Seaman.

[Page 28:] Charles L'Overman, Quartermaster & John Antonio, Seaman.

[Page 29:] Nathaniel Stitzer, Ordinary Seaman & Michael Dobberobschkie, Ordinary Seaman.

[Page 30:] Matruis Habriel, Ordinary Seaman & Adrianus Kitt, Ordinary Seaman.

[Page 31:] Dirk Brauer, Ordinary Seaman & Piet Lawrence, Ordinary Seaman.

[Page 32:] George Koning, Ordinary Seaman & Magnus Kaus, Ordinary Seaman.

[Page 33:] Joseph Silver, Ordinary Seaman & Peter Lumstrum, Seaman.

End of Ledger.


Pay Book:


A book of printed receipts filled in and signed, either by the crew member or his assignee, depending on whether he was unable to sign or deceased etc. Each receipt is numbered which refers one back to the Ledger. The Pay Book commences in September 1813 at the end of the Juliana's voyage to Batavia. There are four receipts per page. See the above image to see the original arangement of the receipt.

Note 1: The Witnesses: W. Stewart and E Thatcher, at the beginning witnessed all four with one signature at the bottom of the sheet but later on signed separately for each receipt.

Note 2: Assignees: Some such Jacob or Moses Moses signed for a number of the crew, probably because they were illiterate. Charles Reeks tended to sign for the crew that were clearly foreign. Some, like John Boreham signed for his deceased relative William Boreham.

Note 3: There are two receipts for Richard Rawes along with the two distinct signatures. The first is signed by Purser Richard Rawes on which he receives £32 8s. The second is signed by Commander Richard Rawes on which he receives £145 11s. As explained elsewhere, the two Richard Rawes were cousins.

Note 4: Most of the crew received their pay between the 28th September and 14th of December 1813. Four payments were made after this date but the crew members had all died. The last payment was given out on the 27th May 1817. Naturally the Officers and crew who were not ordinary seamen received received proportionally more but payment to the seamen was very varied, dependent upon deductions etc. The lowest payment was £9 3s 4d, which was paid out to several of the crew with foreign names. There were however other foreign sounding individuals who received more.

Note 5: The number at the start of the entry refers to the relevant form in the Ledger.

Note 6: There is a discrepancy between the crew of which there are 73 and the receipts of which there are 53. This leaves a difference of twenty. Before continuing, the words impressed, run and taken should be clarified. Impressed and taken were used when a passing Royal Navy ship either demanded seamem to make up the crew or because the individual was a deserter, as in the case of Samuel Starkey. Run simply means that on reaching port the sailors did not return to the ship. The following is a listing of those who did not receive payment for the time they had served.
14 John Allen, died at Batavia,
21 Samuel Starkey taken by HMS Resolution as a deserter,
24 Henry Dennis taken by HMS Resolution,
25 William Drabble impressed by HMS Pheonix,
27 Philip Lampley impressed by HMS Pheonix,
28 George Armstrong, taken by HMS Resolution,
29 George Griefield taken, by HMS Resolution,
32 Feliciano run at Madeira,
37 John Pedro run at Madeira,
41 John Patterson delivered himself to HMS Resolution,
44 James Norridge impressed by HMS Phoenix,
46 Thomas Anderson impressed by HMS Phoenix,
47 Matthias Rodrigo run at Madeira,
48 William Jones taken by HMS Resolution,
53 William Lewis impressed by HMS Phoenix,
54 Matthias Amandy taken by HMS Resolution,
55 Lewis Gonsalves run at Madeira,
57 William Osborn impressed by HMS Phoenix,
58 John Green impressed by HMS Phoenix,
72 Magnus Kaus died at sea.


   

Examples


[001:]
The cover on which is written very faintly 'Ship / Juliana / Receipt Book [---?] Aug 2 1813'.

[002:]
On which is written very faintly 'Freight Office / 24 Febry 1814 [-----] / 20 Septr Do / [---------] / Dec 30'.

[003 - 001:]
22. Received 24 Sept 1813 by me WILLIAM PHILLIPS the sum of £26.16s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by JOHN CRAMPSEY to whom I am assignee.
William Phillips [signed]

[003 - 002:]
24. Received 24 Sept 1813 by me WILLIAM PHILLIPS the sum of £26.16s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by DAVID DELAHANTY to whom I am assignee.
William Phillips [signed]

[003 - 003:]
5. Received 24 Sept 1813 by me JACOB MOSES the sum of £46.02.6d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by ROBERT KEEFE, Boatswain to whom I am assignee.
Jacob Moses [signed]

[Richard Keefe in the Crew List.]

[003 - 004:]
17. Received 24 Sept 1813 by me JACOB MOSES the sum of £30.4s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by JOHN JOHNSTON to whom I am assignee.
Jacob Moses [signed]

W. Stewart [signed] to all the above.


[004 - 001:]
33. Received 24 Sept 1813 by me JACOB MOSES the sum of £10.6.8d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by PETER LUMSTRUM to whom I am assignee.
Jacob Moses [signed]

[004 - 002:]
28. Received 24 Sept 1813 by me JACOB MOSES the sum of £20.3.4d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by CHAS. L’OVERMAN, 2nd Master to whom I am assignee.
Jacob Moses [signed]

[004 - 003:]
23. Received 24 Sept 1813 by me JACOB MOSES the sum of £22.16s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by THOS. DUNN to whom I am assignee.
Jacob Moses [signed]

[004 - 004:]
15. Received 24 Sept 1813 by me JACOB MOSES the sum of £25.14s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by LEWIS PETERS to whom I am assignee.
Jacob Moses [signed]

[He is Lewis Petres in the Crew List.]

W. Stewart [signed] to all the above.


[005-001:]
14. Received 24 Sept 1813 by me JACOB MOSES the sum of £25.14s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by SURIN PETERSON to whom I am assignee.
Jacob Moses [signed]

[005-002:]
16. Received 24 Sept 1813 by me JACOB MOSES the sum of £30.4d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by ANDREW SURMAN to whom I am assignee.
Jacob Moses [signed]

[005-003:]
18. Received 24 Sept 1813 by me JACOB MOSES the sum of £30.4s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by DANIEL TIMMERMAN to whom I am assignee.
Jacob Moses [signed]

[005-004:]
23. Received 24 Sept 1813 by me JACOB MOSES the sum of £22.16s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by ROBERT GRIFFITHS to whom I am assignee.
Jacob Moses [signed]

W. Stewart [signed] to all the above.


[006 - 001:]
6. Received 24 Sept 1813 by me JOHN CLARKE the sum of £30.3.6d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage as Midshipman.
John Clarke [signed]

[006 - 002:]
1. Received 24 Sept 1813 by me JOHN EDWD JOHNSON the sum of £72.11s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage as Chief Mate.
Edwd Johnson [signed]

[006 - 003:]
2. Received 24 Sept 1813 by me THOMAS FOWLER SEACOLE the sum of £58 being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage as 2nd Mate.
T.F. Seacole [signed]

[006 - 004:]
6. Received 28 Sept 1813 by me JAMES ADNEY the sum of £30.3.6d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage as Midshipman.
Jas Adney [signed]

W. Stewart [signed] to all the above.


[007-001:]
2. Received 28 Sept 1813 by me PORTIUS SMITH the sum of £50.13s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage as 3rd Mate.
Portius Smith [signed]

Witness: W Stewart [signed]

[007-002:]
25. Received 28 Sept 1813 by me THOMAS BIRD the sum of £26.16s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage.
Wm Bird [signed]

Witness: W Stewart [signed]

[007-003:]
8. Received 24 Sept 1813 by me ROBERT DUFF the sum of £28.11.6d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by WILLIAM BLAIR Ships Cook to whom I am assignee.
R Duff [signed]

Witness: W Stewart [signed]

[007-004:]
3. Received 28 Sept 1813 by me RICHARD RAWES the sum of £32.8s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage.
Richard Rawes [signed]

[This is Richard Rawes, ships' Purser and cousin of Commander Richard Rawes.]

Witness: W Stewart [signed]


[008-001:]
26. Received 28 Sept 1813 by me MICHAEL LEVY the sum of £23.16.8d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by JOSEPH GEAR to whom I am assignee.
Mich Levy [signed]

Witness: E Thatcher [signed]

[008-002:]
5. Received 28 Sept 1813 by me JAMES IRVIN the sum of £40.7.6d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage as Cooper & Steward.
James Irvin [signed]

Witness: W Stewart [signed]

[008-003:]
1. Received 28 Sept 1813 by me JOSEPH SILVA the sum of £13.3s 4d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage.
John de Silva [signed]

Witness: W Stewart [signed]

[008-004:]
3. Received 30 Sept 1813 by me RICHARD RAWES the sum of £145 11s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage as Commander.
R Rawes [signed]

Witness: W Stewart [signed]

[This is Captain Richard Rawes.]


[009-001:]
10. Received 22 Oct 1813 by me WILLIAM PITT the sum of £30.4s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage.
William Pitt [signed]

Witness: W Stewart [signed]

[009-002:]
8. Received 2 Oct 1813 by me JAMES ALLCOTT the sum of £43.15.6d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage as Captains Cook.
James Allcot [signed]

Witness: W Stewart [signed]

[009-003:]
4. Received 5 Oct 1813 by me JOSEPH FRIEND the sum of £51.15.6d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage as Carpenter.
Jno Friend [signed]

Witness: W Stewart [signed]

[009-004:]
10. Received 24 Sept 1813 by me THOMAS PURVIS the sum of £10.13.4d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by JESSY LONG 2nd Master deceased to whom I am Executor.
Thos Purvis [signed] Prince of Wales Deptford.

[The only ship called Prince of Wales to sail under HEICS was in 1802. There is no Thomas Purvis listed by Farrington.]

Witness: W Stewart [signed]

C.M. Pearson [signed] Proctor & Effects 5 Oct.


[010-001:]
7. Received 7 Oct 1813 by me MOSES MOSES the sum of £28.11.6d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by THOMAS BELL Sailmaker to whom I am assignee.
M Moses [signed]

[010-002:]
27. Received 7 Oct 1813 by me MOSES MOSES the sum of £23.17s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage JOSE SOLIS to whom I am assignee.
M Moses [signed]

[010-003:]
12. Received 7 Oct 1813 by me MOSES MOSES the sum of £25.14s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by PETER OLSON to whom I am assignee.
M Moses [signed]

[010-004:]
28. Received 7 Oct 1813 by me MOSES MOSES the sum of £10.6.8d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by JOHN ANTONIS to whom I am assignee.
M Moses [signed]

Witness: W Stewart [signed] to all the above. [four]


[011-001:]
13. Received 7 Oct 1813 by me MOSES MOSES the sum of £30.4s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by JOSEPH BEALE to whom I am assignee.
M Moses [signed]

[011-002:]
9. Received 7 Oct 1813 by me MOSES MOSES the sum of £43.1.6d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage JOSEPH BAILEY Carpenters Mate & Caulker to whom I am assignee.
M Moses [signed]

[011-003:]
20. Received 7 Oct 1813 by me MOSES MOSES the sum of £22.16s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by JOHN ROBINSON to whom I am assignee.
M Moses [signed]

[011-004:]
21. Received 7 Oct 1813 by me MOSES MOSES the sum of £26.16s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by JOSEPH CONQUEST to whom I am assignee.
M Moses [signed]

Witness: W Stewart [signed] to all the above. [four]


[012-001:]
9. Received 7 Oct 1813 by me MOSES MOSES the sum of £25.14s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by WILLIAM SPAIN Butcher to whom I am assignee.
M Moses [signed]

[012-002:]
11. Received 7 Oct 1813 by me MOSES MOSES the sum of £28.12s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage JOHN VANORDEN Gunners Mate to whom I am assignee.
M Moses [signed]

[012-003:]
27. Received 7 Oct 1813 by me MOSES MOSES the sum of £23.17s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by ARTHUR BOUND to whom I am assignee.
M Moses [signed]

[012-004:]
29. Received 7 Oct 1813 by me CHARLES REEKS the sum of £9.3.4d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by NATHANIEL STITZER, by Order.
Na Reeks [signed]

Witness: W Stewart [signed] to all the above. [four]


[013-001:]
32. Received 7 Oct 1813 by me CHARLES REEKS the sum of £9.3.4d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by GEORGE KONING by Order.
Cha Reeks [signed]

[013-002:]
31. Received 7 Oct 1813 by me CHARLES REEKS the sum of £9.3.4d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage PIET LAWRENCE by Order.
Cha Reeks [signed]

[013-003:]
31. Received 7 Oct 1813 by me CHARLES REEKS the sum of £9.3.4d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by DIRK BRAUER by Order.
Cha Reeks [signed]

[013-004:]
30. Received 7 Oct 1813 by me CHARLES REEKS the sum of £9.3.4d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by MATRIUS HABRIEL, by Order.
Cha Reeks [signed]

Witness: W Stewart [signed] to all the above. [four]


[014-001:]
30. Received 7 Oct 1813 by me CHARLES REEKS the sum of £9.3.4d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by ADR. KITT by Order.
Cha Reeks [signed]

Adrianus Kitt in Crew List.]

Witness: W Stewart

[014-002]
29. Received 7 Oct 1813 by me CHARLES REEKS the sum of £9.3.4d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage MICH’L DOBBEROBSCKIE by Order.
Cha Reeks [signed]

Witness: W Stewart

[014-003:] 11. Received 1 Dec 1813 by me JOHN HAYWARD the sum of £14.15.6d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by GEORGE HAYWARD Deceased to whom I am Administrator.
John Hayward [signed]

Witness: W Stewart

RICHARD TOWNSEND, Proctor 30th November 1813

[014-004:]
3. Received 14 Dec 1813 by me JOSEPH WOODHOUSE the sum of £67.5.7d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage as Surgeon.
Joseph Woodhouse [signed]

Witness: W Stewart [signed]


[015-001:]
30. Received 24 Dec 1813 by me CHARLES TABOR the sum of £22.16s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by GEORGE PINKERTON to whom I am assignee.
Charles Tabor [signed]

[George Inkerton in Crew List.]

Witness: W Stewart

[015-002:]
18. Received 14 Janry 1814 by me DANIEL PALMER the sum of £20.4s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by ALBERT C GOSE, Deceased to whom I am Administrator.
Daniel Palmer [signed]

Witness: W Stewart [signed]

CURTIS V DAVIDSON, Proctor. 12 Janry 1814.

[015-003:]
16. Received 14 Janry 1814 by me DANIEL PALMER the sum of £29.7.6d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by GERRARD FISAREIN, Deceased to whom I am Administrator.
Daniel Palmer No 5 Mill Wall London. 12 Janry 1814 [signed]

Witness: W Stewart

[Gerrard Fisarein - spelling changes elswhere.] [015-004:]
15. Received 24 Aug 1814 by me JOHN BOREHAM the sum of £21.8s being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by WILLIAM BOREHAM Deceased to whom I am Administrator.
[signed with a X ]

Witness: E Thatcher [signed]

R.B. Watson, Proctor. 24th August 1814


[016-001:]
4. Received 27 May 1817 by me CHARLES PENNY the sum of £13.6.8d being Wages, Debts & Service performed on board the Ship JULIANA during her first voyage by SAMUEL PHILLIPS, Gunner deceased, to whom I am Executor.
C Penny [signed]

Witness: Richd Cooper, Executor.

[The rest of the printed receipts are blank.]

End of Pay Book.


APPENDIX 1

Notes and Glossary

  1. Called to Quarters - in this context means called to action stations.
  2. Country Ships - Honourable East India Company's ships that plied between ports in the Eastern seas.
  3. ODNB - Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
  4. Editor's notes in square brackets.
  5. Extra ships - ships built in India and hired by the HEICS for a particular voyage. These were often made from better materials than those made in Britain and were considered to be longer lasting (The East Indiamen by Russell Miller).
  6. Hull Down - so far away the hull is out of sight below the horizon.
  7. Letters of Marque - A Government licence given to the owners of private ships during the time of war, commissioning them to attack and seize the ships or property of the enemy.
  8. NI = Native Infantry.
  9. The Ship's Log contains the Sea Log where entries are from noon the day before to noon on the date of entry. The Harbour Journal contains the normal 24 hours from midnight. It also seems that hour by hour events are put on the left side of the Journal form as they happen and then the Captain sits down after midday to write up the highlights of the previous 24 hours on the right side.


APPENDIX 2

Glossary of Abbreviations and Terms
Abbreviations in the log have been expanded where possible.

Please see the Wikipedia Glossary of nautical terms for additional information.

Cable's length (distance): tenth of a nautical mile (approx 101 fathoms).
1 Fathom: 6 Feet (1.8 metres).
1 league: 3 statute miles (4.828032 km) on land or 3 Nautical miles = 3.45 land miles, (5.556 km at sea). On land it was the distance one could walk in about an hour.
Nautical miles: 1.151 miles approx. The nautical mile is based on the circumference of the Earth and is equal to one minute of latitude.


Arrack: distilled alcoholic drink made from the sap of coconut flowers.
Bales: of cloth.
Bankshall: is a warehouse in the East Indies.
Bar: of sand etc., across river mouth.
Bateing: Lowering, letting down, depressing.
Beating: sailing as close as possible towards the wind (perhaps only about 60°) in a zig-zag course to attain an upwind direction to which it is impossible to sail directly; also known as tacking.
Bend, bent: to tie or attach.
Billet wood: wood for living quarters.
Bobstay: a stay which holds the bowsprit downwards, counteracting the effect of the forestay. Usually made of wire or chain to eliminate stretch.
Bowsprit Shrouds: ropes extending from the head of the Bowsprit to the bow & sides of the vessel.
Bumkin: sometimes Bumpkin - an iron bar or spar projecting from the ship’s side.
Butter nut: probably butternut squash for drinking.
C&D: course & distance.
Can/Cann: Indian hemp.
Careened: cleaning the underside of the ship of barnacles etc.
Carronade: a short smoothbore, cast iron cannon, which was used by the Royal Navy and first produced by the Carron Company in the 1770s.
Catharpining: short ropes or iron clamps used to brace in the shrouds toward the masts.
Cathead:  To prepare an anchor, after raising it by lifting it with a tackle to the cat head, prior to securing it alongside for sea. An anchor raised to the cat head is said to be catted.
Caulk: sealing crevices in deck etc.
Caulker: a filler and sealer.
Chaldron: bushels = 8 gallons.
Chist: a bag or chest containing items belonging to a sailer.
Chops: [of tea] sealed boxes.
Chow chow chop: last boat with small & personal items.
Cleat (Clete): a T shaped piece of metal or wood to which ropes are attached..
Cockets: Seals belonging to the King’s Custom House or a sealed document with certificates showing that duty had been paid on the merchandise.
Coiar [coir]: A rope made from the fibre of the Coconut in Malaysia.
Congo: "chops of congo tea" were loaded onto East Indiamen at Whampoa, China for export to England.
Conn: Position for directing a ships steerage, helm etc. (Hence modern: Conning-tower on a submarine).
Cordage: rope.
Courses down: all sails attached to lowest yards.
Crossjack: a square yard used to spread the foot of a topsail where no course is set, e.g. on the foremast of a topsail or above the driver on the mizzen mast of a ship rigged vessel.
Cuddy: a small cabin in a boat.
Cutter: small boat fitted for rowing or sailing.
D'ft: draft, depth of boat or ship.
Dawk boat: An old postal system used in Pakistan.
Dials: sense not known.
Disrate: to reduce in rank or rating; demote.
Divisions: Parade of Ships Crew.
Dolphin striker: a short near vertical spar under the bowsprit.
Dunnage: packing to protect cargo.
F'ms: fathoms.
False Fire: Used for signalling at sea at night. A composition which burned with a blue flame was packed into a wooden tube and when ignited would burn for several minutes.
Fidded: small wooden bar attached to a small mast in the upper rigging.
Fish pieces: to repair a mast or spar with a fillet of wood.
Flints: hard stone.
Fluted the fore rigging: Meaning not sure, perhaps a form of tying and folding the rigging.
F'ded: folded.
F'wd: forward, front of ship.
Frapping: to frap, the use of rope to bind.
Gaff: repair a mast or spar with a fillet of wood.
Gall't: gallant, a top sail.
Gammoned: the lashing of ropes.
Gang cask: a gang is a narrow platform on a deep-waisted ship leading from the quarter-deck to the forecastle. Presumably these casks were set on this gang.
Giggar: see Jigger.
Grapnals: A small anchor with several flukes.
Gunwale: Gun Whale - upper edge of side of ship.
Gig: Captain's gig: A light narrow ship’s boat generally rowed, at the disposal of the ship's captain for his use in transportation to other ships or to the shore.
Gunter: The gunter is defined as a wire that leads from one point near the end of a gaff to a point near the other end. A vessel with a gunter rigged mainsail is called a gunter rig.
Halse/Hawse: the shaft or hole in the side of a vessel's bow through which the anchor chain passes.
H C'ys: Honourable Company.
Hoppo: Chinese Customhouse Officers - overseers.
Hoy: a type of wherry, barge, bark, lighter, under the general description of river craft, used for transporting cargo to and from ship etc.
Hull down: ship almost beyond the horizon, only showing the sails.
Inclinable: favourable.
Jiggermast & sails: a jiggermast is a fourth mast set at the stern of the ship and carrying triangular sails.
Jolly boat: a type of small ship's boat used to ferry personnel & small items to & from the ship.
Junk: old ropes, cables, oakum etc.
Jury: a temporary sail or mast, often used in an emergency.
Kedge: anchor used for warping.
Kentledge: pig-iron etc. used for ballast - "so as to avoid tilts and shifts".
Launch: shallow draft boat.
Lazeretto: a small stowage locker at the aft end of a boat, sometimes used as a quarantine.
Leadsman: A sailor who takes soundings with a lead.
Letters of Marque: A Government licence given to the owners of private ships during the time of war, commissioning them to attack and seize the ships or property of the enemy.
Lights: lightning.
Lighters: Flat bottomed boats used for transporting cargo to a wharf, see under 'Hoy'.
Limber: detachable gun carriage.
Lumber: labourer for unloading cargo.
Martingale: lower stay of rope used to sustain strain of the forestays.
Mats, Matts: a thick web of rope yarn used to protect the standing rigging from the friction of other ropes.
Mechanics: Tradesmen .
Messenger: An endless rope or chain passing from the capstan to the cable to haul it in.
Miz: mizzen; the third and smallest mast.
Mizzling: thick mist or fine rain.
Muller: used for grinding paint colours.
Mungeet: The Bengal Madder or Munjeet, a plant whose roots are used for dying.
Nipper: short rope used to bind a cable to the moving line propelled by the capstan.
Oakum: used for sealing crevices in deck etc.
Offing: a position at a distance from shore.
Owers Light: off Selsley Bill.
Paddy: Rice with the husk or in the Straw.
Paying: filling a seam with caulking or pitch.
Pendante: A length of wire or rope secured at one end to a mast or spar and having a block or other fitting at the lower end.
People: Captain Rawes describes his crew as 'people'.
Puddening: Fibres of old rope packed between spars, or used as fender.
Quoins: Tapered blocks, probably used to prevent guns and barrels from moving.
Rattan: Tough stems of palms used for wickerwork, canes, sticks etc.
Rattling: working on rigging etc.
Roads: The term Roads (short for roadstead) indicates the safety of a port; as applied to a body of water, it is a partly sheltered area of water near a shore in which vessels may ride at anchor".
Reg'g: replacing.
Reeving: threading a line through blocks (& tackle).
Rep'r: repairing.
Requisite: required by circumstances.
Rouse: haul by force.
Rowed/row/road guard: communicating by flag.
Salt petre, beating of: meaning not known.
Scuttle: a small opening, or lid thereof, in a ship's deck or hull.
Serang: a native captain of a crew of sailors in the East Indies.
Shift: change or alter.
Shockbury: Shoeburyness.
S'l/Sig'l: signal.
Sinnet & Spun yarn: to do with rope making.
Skysails: A sail set very high, above the royals. Only carried by a few ships.
Spanker: A full-rigged ship has a spanker sail aft but not a spanker-mast.
Spoke: an action - not sure of context in this case.
Spring, sprung: split or cracked.
Spritsail: is a four sided sail usually laced on to the mast along its luff. It can range from almost square to having a pronounced peak. It may or may not have a boom, but it will always have a sprit. A sprit is a spar which supports the peak of the sail.
Standing: the fixed part of rigging that support the masts.
Stayed: secure with stays.
Steerage: Section of a ship for inexpensive accommodation with no individual cabins.
Stilt: Not known in this sense.
Stream 'anchor': A light anchor for use with a bower in narrow waterways.
Studding Gear / Sails: Long and narrow sails, used only in fine weather, on the outside of the large square sails.
Sun: Sunn-hemp – Indian Hemp.
Sway: to move or hoist.
Swayed: moved.
Swifters: a pair of shrouds fixed above the other shrouds for swifting or stiffening a mast.
Syrang: An official in India, someone in charge of a harbour craft.
Tierces: casks or crates.
Tindal: a petty officer among lascars, or native East Indian sailors; a boatswain's mate; .
Trimming: preparation for sailing.
Trestle-tree: two pieces of timber, horizontally fore & aft on opposite sides of the mast-head to support the cross-trees & mast above.
Trussel: a furled sail.
Turned: the action, in this case, of punishment such as being tied to the mast.
Twanky Tea: an inferior grade of green tea.
Trow: a small river sailing craft, much used on the river Severn.
Twined: the act of tying a man of object to the mast.
Unbent: detached.
V'ble: variable.
Warping: moving ship from one place to another.
Waist: the central deck of a ship between the forecastle and the quarterdeck.
Waist anchors: spare anchors for use in emergency.
W'r: weather.
Weigh: raise anchor before sailing.
Whiskers: spreaders from the bows to spread the bowsprit.
Wore ship: is a past tense form of "wear ship": to turn away from the wind.
Yawl: A rowboat on davits at the stern of the ship.


APPENDIX 3

Bibliography:

  • Barnettmaritime Internet Site on the explanation and history of the HEICS www.barnettmaritime.co.uk.
  • Contemporary Newspaper and Journals.
  • Miller, Russell: "The East Indiamen" publ. Time-Life Books 1980.
  • Cotton, E: "East Indiamen - The East India Company's Maritime Service" London 1949.
  • East India Company Archive - British Library. Ref: L/MAR/B/217C. Journal and Log of the H.E.I.C. Ship Huddart 10 March 1806 to 6 October 1807.
  • Eicships.threedecks.org for information concerning types of ships in the HEICS see: www.eicships.threedecks.org.
  • Farrington, A: "Catalogue of The East India Ship's Journals and Logs. 1600 - 1834". British Library 1999.
  • Farrington, A: "A Biographical Index of East India Company Maritime Officers 1600 - 1834". British Library. 1999.
  • Fay, Peter Ward: "The Opium War, 1840-1842". First published 1975.
  • Gosse, P: "St. Helena 1502 - 1938" Oswestry 1990. First published London 1938.
  • Hardy, C: "Register of Ships - The East India Company 1760 - 1810" London 1811.
  • Horsburgh, John: "Directions for sailing to and from the East Indies, China, New Holland and the Cape of Good Hope". Published 1811.
  • Keay, J: "The Honourable Company - A History of the English East India Company". London 1991.
  • Lavery, Brian: "The Ship of the Line 1650-1850" 2 vols. Conway Maritime Press 1983.
  • Parkinson, C Northcote: "Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813" Cambridge UP 1937.
  • Pbenyon Internet Site dedicated to information on HMS ships of the period: www.pbenyon.plus.com.
  • East_Indiamen: www.wow.


APPENDIX 4

Captain Rawes

Richard Rawes, was born 2nd July, probably at the Rawes Academy, and baptised Bromley, Kent 28th July 1787. He was the second son of Richard and Mary Rawes of Bromley. His father ran the Rawes Academy in Bromley High Street, and it was almost certainly here that Richard was educated. He served in the HEICS from 1801 to 1831. His last voyage was in 1825/6. He is recorded as working at India House from 1829 till 1831 as Deputy Attendant in the Department of Clerk to the Committee of Shipping & paymaster of Seaman’s wages. At India House his superior was Captain John Valentine Baker, himself an experienced HEICS Officer, born in Bristol in 1774, his one recorded Command was on the Fame (3) in 1801 & 1803.

There is a reference to Captain Rawes in Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813 by Northcote & Parkinson, publ. Cambridge UP 1937, that gives an interesting, although not very attractive, aspect to the character of Richard Rawes:-

In most Indiamen a flogging was a rare event, inflicted for mutinous behaviour or attempted desertion. A dozen lashes at the gangway might be the maximum punishment with men like Captain Larkins or Captain Grant in command. A certain Captain Rawes, however was said to give two dozen as a minimum.
It has been noted during the transcription of these journals that heavy punishment for theft, insolence, drunkenness, disobeying orders etc., was by no means a rare event. Owing to the characters on board, the confined living conditions and the lengthy journeys, strict discipline had to be kept at all times. Whether this supports Captain Rawes is for the reader to judge.

Richard married at St. Michael & All Angels, Houghton-le-Spring 11 October 1813, Harriet, the daughter of Joseph & Elizabeth Cantwell. They subsequently had two children, Richard Joseph, baptised Bromley 5th April 1815, and Harriet Mary, baptised Bromley 1st June 1825. Both of their children died within a few months of their births. His wife died in 1828 aged 38. There is a touching letter to his cousin the Rev. John Hodgson, dated 2nd July 1829, which gives an indication of his grief over the loss of his wife. He died in 1831, being buried in Bromley churchyard 27th October 1831, aged 44. Wall memorials to him and his family were in Bromley church but the church was destroyed in WW2.

Richard became a midshipman in 1801 when he sailed on the HSC Northampton under Captain Robert Barker to Bombay and Bengal. The Northampton's principal owners were Moses Agar, John Crosthwaite and George Palmer. His voyages are recorded by Farrington:- Rawes, Richard (1784)sic., b 2 Jul & bap 28 Jul 1784sic, Bromley, Kent, so of Richard & Mary, midshipman NORTHAMPTON (2) 1801 to Bengal; 4th mate NORTHAMPTON (2) 1802/3 to Bengal; 3rd mate NORTHAMPTON (2) 1804/5 to Bengal; 2nd mate NORTHAMPTON (2) 1806/7 to Bengal; 1st mate LORD KEITH 1809/10 to Bengal; Capt. JULIANA 1811/2 to Batavia; Capt. WARREN HASTINGS (5) 1814/5, 1818/9, 1822/23 & 1824/5 to China.

There is a record of a ship called Northampton (3 under Farrington), that sailed to Australia in 1816 with 110 female convicts on board. See Wikipedia. Wikipedia however assumes, probably rightly, that Northampton 2 & 3 are one and the same ship.

Plants from China
Although Captain Rawes' main cargo would have been tea, he was also involved in bringing new varieties of plants back to England, notably Camellias, for his sister Elizabeth Palmer and brother-in-law Thomas Carey Palmer. The Palmers were plant collectors and lived at The Oakery, a large house near Bromley, Kent and within a short distance from the Rawes Academy, the home of Richard’s father and brother. In 1820 Captain Rawes was responsible for introducing the 'Camellia Reticulata' from Canton into England. The plant was subsequently named ‘Captain Rawes’ in his honour. He is also accredited to bringing in the plant 'primula Sinensis'.


Camellia Reticulata 'Captain Rawes'


Primula Sinensis


APPENDIX 5

Purser Rawes

It is to be noted that the Richard Rawes, Ships’ Purser was Captain Rawes’ friend, cousin and namesake. He was born 11th Sep 1785 and baptised at Shap, Westmorland 13 Sep. He served as Purser on the Juliana in 1811/2 to Batavia; on the Wexford 1813/4 & 1815/6; on the Warren Hastings 1818/9 to China; on the Vansittart 1820/1 & 1822/3 1824/5, 1826/7 to China. He lived at Newington, Surrey in 1819 and Stratford Grove, Essex in 1840. He died 15th Feb 1848 aged 60. Richard firstly married at Poultney with St Mary, Colechurch, Surrey 10th Mar 1814 to Mary Ann Poynter and had William Wilson in 1816 and Mary Ann in 1819. He secondly married circa 1828 Ann Bailey, a widow and had Ann in 1828 and Richard Edward in 1831/2. A memorial to this Richard was once to be found in the Parish church at Kendal.

Mary Ann Rawes married in Lambeth 9th September 1856 to George Goldsmith, Supar Intendant of Chatham Dockyard. He was the son of John Goldsmith, Purser in the HEICS and later made an Admiral. William Wilson Rawes served in the Indian Army and became Deputy Inspector General for Hospitals in the Madras Establishment.

The Morning Post (London, England), Saturday, May 13, 1826; Issue 17285. 19th Century British Library Newspapers: Part II. Purser Richard Rawes, arriving on the ship Vansittart.

Richard Rawes inherited Captain Rawes' portrait, a copy of which is to be seen above. The portrait is described as 'Cousin Richard Rawes', although the descendants of Richard Edward Rawes had incorrectly believed that they were descended from Captain Richard Rawes as opposed to Purser Richard Rawes.


APPENDIX 6

Rawes Pedigree

                            William = Isabel
                              Rawes | Wilson
                     Farmer in Shap,|
                        Westmorland |
              -----------------------------------------
              |                                       |
           Richard                             William Wilson
         (Rawes Academy)                       Farmer in Shap
         in Bromley, Kent                      = Esther Hudson 
         = Mary Thompson                       |
         |                                     |
   -----------------------        -----------------------
   |         |           |        |          |          |
Elizabeth  Robert     Richard   Robert    William    Richard = Mary Ann  
= Thomas   Booth      Captain   (Slate    (Officer   Ships   | Poynter
  Carey    (Rawes     HEICS     Quarrier  of Excise) Purser  |
  Palmer   Academy)   1787-1831                      HEICS   |
                                                   1785-1848 |
                                                             |
                                        -------------------------
                                        |                       |
                                     Mary Ann                William
                                     = Admiral George        Wilson
                                       Goldsmith RN          1816-1887
                                       son of John Goldsmith Deputy Insp.
                                       HEICS ship's Purser   General of
                                                             Hospitals
                                                             HEICS Madras
                                                             Establishment

END