THE HONOURABLE EAST INDIA COMPANY SERVICE

This is the Journal of the Honourable East India Company Ship, the Warren Hastings on her voyage to Whampoa 1815-1816. Commanded by Captain Richard Rawes.

EXTRACTS

THE JOURNAL AND SHIP'S LOG

OF THE HON. COMPANY'S SHIP

WARREN HASTINGS

(EAST INDIA DOCKS, BLACKWALL, LONDON, ENGLAND)

Written by The Commander, Captain R. Rawes

Voyage to the Far East

13 March 1815 - 11 July 1816

(British Library Ref: L / MAR / B / 9P.)

Extracted by
Bryant G. Bayliffe & Julian A. Rawes
April 2012



The HEICS


East India House, Leadenhall Street, London, 1796-1861
from Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813.

The Library of the Honourable East India Company Service is housed in the British Library in Euston, London. The HEICS library contains many thousands of records including hundreds of ships’ journals, logs, ledgers & pay books. They are contained in large ledgers, the journals & logs in one tome with the ledgers and pay books in separate books. A catalogue of these records was published in 1999 by the British Library, titled ‘Catalogue of East India Company Ships’ Journals and Logs 1600-1834’ and edited by Anthony Farrington. Most of these records have not been microfilmed. If a copy is required then a microfilm copy is made at the expense of the purchaser to whom a photostat or CD is given. A useful site for the explanation on the HEICS library is www.barnettmaritime.co.uk/mainheic.htm.

HEICS ships would leave from and return to London using a number of stopping points both in the Thames estuary and the south coast. Passengers would more than likely embark and disembark at these stopping points.


Map of the Thames estuary indicating some of the navigational points mentioned in the journals.

Until the opening of the East India Docks at Blackwall in 1806, Company ships moored on the tidal river alongside the Royal shipyards at Deptford. Deptford was the anchorage at the start of the Port of London. The ships moored alongside lines of moorings called tiers and all goods were offloaded on to lighters, hoys or barges and carried by them to wharves on shore or further up river.

Deptford from the South London Guide


1806 - the new East India docks at Blackwall
from Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813.


Circa 1830 - East India docks at Blackwall
from WWW.British-History.ac.uk.


Every attempt has been made to produce a faithful 'abridged' copy of the Journal and Log Book. A glossary along with explanatory notes has been added to help the reader to understand the transcript along with information of other ships and people noted in the Journal. It is realised that errors are possible owing to the difficulty of transcription. The Editor's notes can be found throughout set within square brackets.


Journals and Log Books.

A journal & log is a fascinating record of day-to-day events on board ship such as location, weather, repairs, washing decks, including the gun deck where the crew slept, discipline, loading and unloading, embarking and disembarking and external events. The ledger records everyone on board, their positions and status whether or not they left ship or perished, including passengers. There is also a distinction between the 'Harbour Journal' and the 'Sea Log'. The ledger starts as large blank pages given to the Commander or Purser at the commencement of each voyage. The journal and log is dutifully created by the Commander or assigned officer and the resulting ledger, signed by the Commander is handed in at the end of the voyage. It was the duty of the ship's Purser to deposit the ship's journals etc. at East India House.

Duplicate logs written on HEICS forms survive as in the case of the Warren Hastings in 1825-6 and the Repulse in 1831-32. These have the appearance of being soiled and original as opposed to the rather clean copies handed in to India House. It is not known how many of these copies were kept on a particular voyage or are still extant but their survival must be rare. The keeping of copy journals by midshipmen and junior officers was probably encouraged for training purposes. On a rare occasion such as with the 1822/3 voyage of the ship 'London' to Madras and China, the Captains, the 3rd mate's, a midshipman's and another journal was lodged at India House.


Example of a page from this Journal.
Monday 4th April 1831.


The Warren Hastings.

The Warren Hastings off Ascension Island May 1823.,
Taken from The Old East Indiamen by E K Chatterton, Conway Maritime Press 1971.

There were five HEICS ships named Warren Hastings. The Warren Hastings on which Captain Rawes sailed was the fifth of that name. It is not recorded where or by whom she was built but she would have been a well-armed ship and in this case weighed twelve hundred tons. Her first recorded sailing was to the Cape and China in 1810/1, under Captain Gunter Lyde Browne, while her owner is recorded as John Pascal Larkins. Mr Larkins then sold her to William Simms. It is noted Warren Hastings three was still sailing to China, after number five was in operation. For the next four sailings to China, 1814, 1818, 1822 & 1825, Mr William Sims was her owner and Captain Richard Rawes was her commander. On Captain Rawes' last voyage to China in 1825, the ship ran into severe weather in which she sustained considerable damage to her structure. It was decided to change course and head for Penang in Malaysia for repairs. After leaving Penang the ship encountered a cyclone, which caused further damage and necessitated a lengthy stay at Whampoa. Whampoa was the port at Canton in China where western merchant vessels exchanged cargoes. This was the last recorded voyage of both the Warren Hastings and Captain Rawes. The ship's fate is not recorded but her condition maybe suggests that this was indeed her last voyage.

John Pascal Larkins, along with other family members, were part owners of all five ships named Warren Hastings from 1781 to 1833. To confuse matters, Warren Hastings two, [There was a major incident with number three, which was captured by the French.], was on the high seas at the same time as number five. Number two was built in 1808 was 154ft and weighed 1000 tons. She was on the seas at least until 1833 and one of her captains was Thomas Larkins.

Farrington extract for this voyage:-
The extract from Catalogue of East India Company Ships’ Journals and Logs 1600-1834, edited by Anthony Farrington:-

WARREN HASTINGS (5): 1200 tons
Principal Managing Owners: 1 John Pascal Larkins, 2-5 William Sims

          2 1815/6 China

          L/MAR/B/9P      Journal 13 Mar 1815-11 Jul 1816

          L/MAR/B/9KK(1)  Ledger

          L/MAR/B/9KK(2)  Pay Book

          Capt Richard Rawes

          Downs 27 Apr 1815 - 23 Sep Whampoa

          - Second Bar 10 Jan 1816 - 26 Mar St Helena

          - 11 May Downs


The Convoy

Honourable East India Company Service ships, were generally well armed and capable of holding their own against single adversaries. The Journals often mention the cleaning of guns and drills taking place. Passing Royal Navy ships would occasionally come alongside Company ships and press some of the crew. However, especially in times of war, Company ships would set sail in convoy, accompanied by a Royal Navy ship with the captain described as a Commander. During the long voyage there would be a fair amount of 'watching out', both for each other and for 'strangers'. If a stranger was not identified quickly then the Royal Navy ship would peel off and give chase. Royal Navy ships would not necessarily be any larger than merchant ships, which had to provide cargo space but they were specifically prepared and better armed with their crew trained for war. A convoy would not remain fixed as there would be ships, both HEICS, Royal Navy ships and others peeling off or joining. This would be especially the case when the convoy reached its port of destination.

Seasonal weather patterns such as prevailing winds would play a part in when ships or convoys would leave England. January to July seems to have been the favoured time to set sail for the Far East.


Approaches to Bombay and Calcutta

HEICS ships bound for Bombay would sail up the west coast of India and various land marks were noted in the Journals as they approached Bombay.


The west coast of India.


HEICS ships bound for Calcutta had to navigate the Hooghly River with its tidal flows and sand banks as they headed for Saugor (Sagar), the main port for disembarkation. Various landmarks were noted in the Journals and the following link to a page on the Internet was of help with some of the names.


Part of the river Hooghly showing the island of Saugor (Sagar).


Approaches to Whampoa


Whampoa
Whampoa anchorage, now called Huangpu, on the Pearl river, was the import and export port
for all foreign ships entering China at Canton (Guangzhou), which is about 12 miles further up river.


Taken from The Opium War 1840-1842 by Peter Ward Fay.


Taken from The Opium War 1840-1842 by Peter Ward Fay.


Landmarks:
Directions for Sailing to and from the East Indies

John Horsburgh, The India Directory or Directions for sailing to and from the East Indies, China, Australia, and the interjacent ports of Africa and South America: originally compiled from the Journal of the Honourable Company's Ships, and from observations and remarks.. First published in two volumes plus supplement in 1811, is a most interesting book which describes the route and landmarks to the Far East, including approaches to the ports of India and China. An electronic version of the book is available on the Internet.

  • Vol. 1: London to the Bay of Bengal.
  • Vol. 2: Bay of Bengal to China, &c.


News Reports

Caledonian Mercury - 16 May 1816


List of Ships noted in this journal.

List of other ships mentioned in the Journal. Details of the ships have been added by the Editors from a number of sources. The reference is the page on which they are noted for the first time. The main sources for the HCS ships and for their commanders come from Farrington: Catalogue of East India Company's Ship' Journals. Another site used is: eicships.threedecks.org, a useful source for 'country' ships. Information on HM ships comes from the website: www.pbenyon.plus.com, and the Internet.
Page 3 HMS Volage Built 1807, 6th rate, 529 tons. Disposed of 1818. See website: HMS Volage

HMS Volage (2)

Page 9 HCS Hope (2nd of that name) Built 1797, 177ft long, 1471 tons. Sailed to China at least 9 times. Now on last recorded voyage under Captain James Pendergrass.
Page 9 HCS Walmer Castle Built 1796, 176ft long, 1460 tons. Sailed to China at least 9 times. Now on last recorded voyage under Captain David Sutton.
Page 9 HCS Princess Amelia (4th of that name) Built 1808, 166ft long, 1275 tons. Sailed to China at least 10 times. This was the fifth under Captain Edward Balston.
Page 15 HCS Alnwick Castle Built 1801, 165ft long, 1256 tons. Sailed to China at least 7 times. Now on last recorded voyage under Captain Peter Rolland.

HCS Alnwick Castle

Page 50 HCS Apollo (2nd of that name) Built 1812, 127ft long, 652 tons. Went to China at least 3 times. Now on 2nd voyage under Captain Charles Bryan Tarbutt.
Page 69 HCS Cornwallis Built 1790, 653 tons. Her two recorded voyages are from Bombay in 1810 and 1817 so she was probably a Country Ship ploughing the seas between India and China. Her principal owner was Nasserwanjee Monackjee. Her Captain in 1817 was Thomas Brown.
Page 69 HCS Apollo (1st of that name) Built prior to 1800 when she sailed from Madras under Captain Benjamin Brown. Found as a wrecked Country Ship at Java in 1815.
Page 70 HMS Leda Launched 1809, 5th rate, armament 36. In 1810 under Captain Sayer, the Leda led the fleet of HEICS, including the Lord Keith, to India and back. The Leda was involved in the attack on Marrack near Batavia in 1811. She was disposed of in 1817. See: www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/L/02685.html for further details.
Page 70 HCS Benares (Cruiser) Not recorded by Farrington.
Page 81 --- Santa Rosario from Lisbon Portuguese
Page 85 HCS Marquis of Camden Built 1812, 165ft long, 1261 tons. Sailed to China at least 10 times. Now on her 2nd voyage under Captain Henry Morse Samson.
Page 85 HCS Vansittart (4th of that name) Built 1813, 165ft long, 1273 tons. Sailed to China and India at least 11 times. Now on her 2nd voyage under Captain Robert Stair Dalrymple.
Page 85 HCS David Scott (2nd of that name) Built 1801, 166ft long, 1276 tons. Sailed to China at least 7 times. Now on her 7th under Captain John Locke Junr.
Page 85 HCS Royal George (4th of that name) Built 1802, 165ft long, 1260 tons. Sailed to China at least 7 times. Now on her 6th voyage under Captain Charles Besly Gribble.
Page 85 HCS Cuffnells Built 1796, 176ft long, 1429 tons. Sailed to China at least 8 times. Now on her 8th voyage under Captain Robert Wellbank.
Page 85 HCS Inglis Built 1811, 165ft long, 1298 tons. Sailed to China at least 12 times. Now on her 3rd voyage under Captain William Hay.
Page 85 HCS Worsley Not recorded by Farrington.
Page 89 HCS Ceres (4th of that name) Built 1796, 176ft long, 1430 tons. Sailed to China at least 9 times. Now on her 9th voyage under Captain Hugh Scott.
Page 89 HCS General Harris Built 1812, 165ft long, 1200 tons. Sailed to China at least 9 times. Now on her 2nd voyage under Captain George Welstead.
Page 93 HCS Bridgewater (5th of that name) Built 1812, 166ft long, 1276 tons. Sailed to China at least 9 times. Now on her 2nd voyage under Captain Philip Hughes.
Page 93 HCS Atlas (4) Built by Steemason at Paull near Hull, launched in 1812. 165ft long, 1267 tons. At least nine voyages to China, this had been her 2nd under Captain Charles Otway Mayne. After her last voyage under the HEICS flag in 1828, she was sold as scrap for £5,750.

HCS Atlas
A new stamp by Royal Mail - taken from The Daily Mail 16th January 2016.

Page 93 HCS Lowther Castle Built 1811, 176ft long, 1427 tons. Sailed to China at least 11 times. Now on her 3rd voyage under Captain Charles Mortlock.
Page 97 HCS Charles Grant Built 1810, 165ft long, 1274 tons. Sailed to China at least 12 times. Now on her 4th voyage under Captain John Lock.
Page 97 HCS Herefordshire Built 1814, 165ft long, 1279 tons. Sailed to China at least 11 times. Now on her 2nd voyage under Captain Charles Le Blanc.
Page 98 HCS General Kyd Built Calcutta 1813. 1286 tons. Made at least nine voyages to China, one from India. Now on her third under Captain Alexander Nairne.
Page 100 HCS Essex (5th of that name) Built by Perry, launched 1802, 165ft long, 1257 tons. Sailed to China at least 7 times. Now on 6th voyage under Captain Richard Nisbet.
Page 112 HMS Horatio Launched 23 April 1807, 5th rate, armament 38, 1090 tons. Propulsion: sail - screw. On 21 Feb 1810 she captured a French frigate-built storeship called Nécessité. Much more history of her on www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/H/02309.html. Disposed of in 1865.
Page 147 HMS Northumberland (5th of that name) Built by Barnard, Deptford 1798, 3rd Rate, 1907 tons. Carried Napoleon to St Helena in 1815. A hulk from 1827, broken up 1850. See website:- Royal Navy Northumberland (5)

HMS Northumberland (5)
Taken from Wikipedia.

Page 147 HMS Havannah Built 1811, 5th Rate, 950 tons. Disposed 1905. See website:- HMS Havannah
Page 160 --- Harmony (Brig) from Boston to Janeiro Probably American
Page 163 HCS Lady Flora Built 1813, 756 tons. A chartered ship sailing from China under Captain Thomas Brown.
Page 165 --- Charles - Post Office Packet from Guadaloop
Page 173 HMS Beschermer She had been a Dutch man-of-war, captured in 1799 and fitted out as a store ship at Chatham in 1805. At the end of 1806, loaned to the East India Dock Company. On Thursday 5th September 1811 she was described by Captain Rawes as a hulk sited at Blackwall just outside the HEICS basin. It was described as a hulk in 1807 when the Huddart was moored alongside.


Contents of Ship's Log


Log Pages Description Date

1 First page


3-7 Ships Company & Chinese


8 Deptford Export Dock 13th Mar to 17th Mar 1815

9-13 At Northfleet Hope 18th Mar to 18th Apr 1815

14-15 Northfleet to The Downs 19th Apr to 27th Apr 1815

16-71 The Downs, England to China 28th Apr to 16th Aug 1815

72-73 At Sunda Strait, Java 17th Aug to 28th Aug 1815

74-84 Sunda Strait to Whampoa, China 29th Aug to 21st Sept 1815

85-110 At Whampoa 22nd Sept to 8th Jan 1816

111-113 At Lintin, China 9th Jan to 20th Jan 1816

114-120 China to England 21st Jan to 4th Feb 1816

121-122 Sunda Strait, Java 5th Feb to 9th Feb 1816

123-146 Sunda Strait to St Helena 10 Feb to 26th Mar 1816

147 At St Helena 26th Mar to 27th Mar 1816

148-170 St Helena to The Downs, England 28th Mar to 10th May 1816

171-172 The Downs to Blackwall 11th May to 18th May 1816

173-177 At Blackwall 19th May to 11th July 1816

178 End of Log 11th July 1816


The Journal & Log

[Page 1:]


First page of journal and an example
of Captain Rawes' handwriting.

Rec'd 15th May 1816

This is my original Journal
R Rawes [signed] Commander
Witness: G Bryant [signed]

I hereby certify that I have in pursuance of the Courts Orders furnished the under mentioned Officers who have served under my Command on Board the Warren Hastings with the prescribed Certificate of good Conduct.

Mr Lucas       1st
Mr Boyton      2nd
Mr Cuthbertson 4th acting 3rd
Mr Dixon       5th do 4th
R.Rawes [signed] Commander

Witness: G.Bryant [signed] [HEIC stamp]

[Page 2:]
[Printed Cover]

JOURNAL

of the

PROCEEDINGS

of the

HONOURABLE EAST-INDIA COMPANY'S

Ship : Warren Hastings [hand written]

[Badge of the HEIC]

LONDON

Printed and Supplied

By Authority of the Honourable East-India Company,

by Smith & Merry, Stationers

11, Leadenhall Street.

[Page 3:]

[HARBOUR JOURNAL]

Crew of the Hon'ble Comp'ys Ship Warren Hastings
No, Names Station Casualties [With added notes from Farrington.]
1 Richard Rawes Commander [Born 2 Jul & bap Bromley, Kent 28 Jul 1784, s of Richard & Mary; midshipman Northampton (2) 1801; 4th mate Northampton (2) 1802/3; 3rd mate Northampton (2) 1804/5; 2nd mate Northampton (2) 1806/7; 1st mate Lord Keith 1809/10; Captain Juliana 1811/2; Captain Warren Hastings (5) 1814/5, 1818/9, 1822/23 & 1824/5.]
2 Robert Lucas 1st Mate. [Bap St. Mary's, Lambeth, Surrey 6 Nov. 1779, s of Edward & Millicent; midshipman on General Coote 1794/5; 6th mate on Sulivan 1796/7; 5th mate Carnatic (2) 1798/9; 4th mate Carnatic (2) 1800/1; 3rd mate Castle Eden 1802/3; 1st mate Union (4) 1803/4 & 1805/6; 1st mate Warren Hastings (3) 1808/9; transf to Thames (2) 14 Jan 1810; 1st mate Sir William Pulteney 1810/1; 1st mate Batavia 1812/3; 1st mate Warren Hasting (5) 1814/5.]
3 James Boyton 2nd Mate. [Born England 6 Aug 1788; Capt's servant Warren Hastings (2) 1802/3 & 1804/5, then from Mauritious to Boston in America, home in Romero; 5th mate Walpole (5) 1806/7; 4th mate Dover Castle 1808/9; 3rd mate Warren Hastings (5) 1810/1; 2nd mate Warren Hastings (5) 1814/5.]
4 Robert Hutchins 3rd Mate Died at Whampoa 19th December 1815. [Born Engl;and circa 1790; in country trade 1y, seaman Sarah Cristiana 1808/9; midshipman Essex (5) 1810/1; 3rd mate Sir William Pulteney 1812/3; 3rd mate Warren Hastings (5) 1814/5 (approved 15 Mar 1815, aged 24; died Whampoa 19 Dec 1815.]
5 Robert [John] Cuthbertson 4th Mate [Born England; two voyages to India; 5th mate Asia (6) 1811/12; 4th mate Asia (6) 1813/4; 4th mate Warren Hastings (5) 1814/5; 3rd mate Waterloo (1) 1816/7 & 1818/9; 2nd mate Thomas Grenville 1820/1.]
6 Richard [Watson] Dickson 5th Mate [Born 4 Nov & Bap St Sepulchre's London 4 Dec 1792, s of Richard & Lucretia; appearance in Transport Service 3y; midshipman & mate in Royal Navy 5y; 5th mate Warren Hastings (5) 1814/5; 3rd mate Northumberland (5) 1816/7; 2nd mate Matilda 1818/9; 4th mate Herefordshire 1820/1; 3rd mate Prince Regent 1821/2; run 16 Oct 1822.]
7 George Conquest 6th Mate
8 John Thomson Surgeon [surgeon Union (5) 1806/7, 1808/9 & 1810/1; Carnatic (3) 1812/3; Warren Hastings (5) 1814/5.]
9 John Ward Purser [purser Sir Godfrey Webster 1811/2; Warren Hastings (5) 1814/5; Carmarthen 1816/7; Bridgewater (5) 1818/9; Royal George (5) 1820/1 & 1822/3.]
10 Nathaniel Grant Surgeons Mate [Not mentioned by Farrington as on the Warren Hasting, because presumably only a surgeon's mate. Surgeon Princess Amelia (4) 1815/6, 1817/8 & 1819/20; Sir David Scott 1821/2 & 1823/4.]
11 Abraham Pemberton Midshipman [Bap All Saints, Worcester 26 Mar 1795, s of Abraham & Susannah; midshipman General Stuart 1812/3; midshipman Warren Hastings (5) 1814/5; 6th mate Lowther Castle 1816/7; 4th mate Carnatic (3) 1818/9.]
12 Francis Player Midshipman
13 Simon Fraser Midshipman
14 John Hesketh Midshipman
15 Samuel Strong Midshipman
16 Paul Tonson Midshipman
17 Thomas Owen Boatswain
18 John Simpson Gunner
19 Samuel Good Carpenter
20 Robert Ducas Caulker
21 John P Weekes Ships Steward
22 Henry Workman Sail Maker
23 Mathias Turner Cooper
24 John Hudson Armourer
25 John Hight Master at Arms
26 Bernard Morney Ships Cook Died at Sea 8th September 1815
27 Richard Williams Captains Cook
28 William Best Captains Steward
29 Frederick Mills Coopers Mate Impressed H.M.S. Volage 27th August 1815
30 Robert Ducas Jun'r Caulkers Mate
31 James Freeman Carpenters 1st Mate
32 William Middleton Boatswains Mate
33 Richard Griffin Boatswains Mate
34 Thomas Clarke Boatswains Mate
35 John Standford Gunners Mate
36 David Oatly Gunners Mate
37 James Cunningham Butcher Died at Sea 22nd January 1816
38 Richard Wilson Baker
39 Caun McEvoy Poulterer
[Page 4:]
40 Jeremiah Daw Quarter Master
41 John Gildred Quarter Master
42 John McDougall Quarter Master
43 Thomas Mason Quarter Master
44 Joseph Merry Quarter Master
45 William Lee Quarter Master Run at Gravesend 13th April 1815
46 John Serrison Quarter Master
47 William Clarke Quarter Master Gave himself up as a deserter
48 William Field Seaman
49 James Purcell Seaman
50 William Scott Seaman
51 William Clifford Seaman
52 John Davis Seaman
53 George Stokes Seaman Impressed H.M.S. Volage 27th August 1815
54 John Jackson Seaman Impressed H.M.S. Volage 27th August 1815
55 William Evans Seaman
56 James Johnson Jun'r Seaman Impressed H.M.S. Volage 27th August 1815
57 Felix McCarthy Seaman
58 Alexander Fergusan Seaman
59 John Swallow Seaman
60 Antony Petrie Seaman
61 Michael Nash Seaman
62 John Carty Seaman
63 William Dicin Seaman
64 Samuel Lewellin Seaman Impressed H.M.S. Volage 27th August 1815
65 William Smith Seaman
66 John Hole Seaman
67 Thomas Connarty Seaman
68 John Mitten Seaman
69 Daniel McGreary Seaman
70 Sampson Fitzgerald Seaman
71 William Jackson Seaman
72 Samuel Seymour Seaman
73 Thomas Allwood Joiner
74 John Emmerson Seaman
75 Joseph Fransisco Seaman
76 John Rivers Seaman
77 Manuel Lewis Seaman
78 James Allan Seaman
79 John Grenville Seaman Impressed H.M.S. Volage 27th August 1815
80 James Johnson Seaman
81 John Alvarez Seaman Died at China 28th October 1815
[Page 5:]
82 Francis Bullock Seaman
83 Thomas Hoyle Seaman Impressed H.M.S. Volage 27th August 1815
84 James Waller Seaman
85 Robert Lloyd Seaman
86 John Smith Seaman Impressed H.M.S. Volage 27th August 1815
87 James Prior Seaman Impressed H.M.S. Volage 27th August 1815
88 William Jones Seaman Impressed H.M.S. Volage 27th August 1815
89 Thomas Jones Seaman
90 Thomas Bundle Captains Serv't
92 William Scott Cuddy Servant
93 William Dudley Officers Serv'ts
94 Valentine Rogers Officers Serv'ts
95 John Wyall Officers Serv'ts
96 Andrew D'Waters Ord'y Seaman
97 Peter Fethero Ord'y Seaman
98 James Mann Ord'y Seaman
99 John Leary Ord'y Seaman
100 Joseph Fernando Ord'y Seaman
101 James Rose Ord'y Seaman Impressed H.M.S. Volage 27th August 1815
102 John Wing Ord'y Seaman
103 Archibald Angus Ord'y Seaman Drowned at Sea ist July 1815
104 George Gulley Ord'y Seaman Gave himself up as deserter
105 William Hope Ord'y Seaman
106 Thomas Hewitt Ord'y Seaman
107 Joseph Rotherham Ord'y Seaman Impressed H.M.S. Volage 27th August 1815
108 Joseph Spanner Ord'y Seaman
109 William Davis Ord'y Seaman
110 John Brown Ord'y Seaman Impressed H.M.S. Volage 27th August 1815
111 William Gillen Ord'y Seaman Run 27th August 1815
112 Joshua Gadd Ord'y Seaman Impressed H.M.S. Volage 27th August 1815
113 John Barberry Ord'y Seaman
114 Robert Bennett Ord'y Seaman
115 John Martin Ord'y Seaman Died at sea 19th February 1816
116 William Martin Ord'y Seaman
117 Francis Scott Ord'y Seaman
118 Joseph McDonald Ord'y Seaman Impressed H.M.S. Volage 27th August 1815
119 Thomas Hurley Ord'y Seaman Impressed H.M.S. Volage 27th August 1815
120 Thomas Wood Ord'y Seaman Impressed H.M.S. Volage 27th August 1815
121 William Grainger Ord'y Seaman Impressed H.M.S. Volage 27th August 1815
122 Bryan Dalton Ord'y Seaman
123 John McDonald Ord'y Seaman
124 James Carrol Ord'y Seaman
[Page 6:]
125 Thomas Shearman Ord'y Seaman
126 William Yardley Ord'y Seaman
127 David Buby Ord'y Seaman
128 Mathew Furst Ord'y Seaman
129 Joseph Thompson Ord'y Seaman
130 Joseph Watson Ord'y Seaman
131 William Welsford Ord'y Seaman Impressed H.M.S. Volage 27th August 1815
132 Thomas Owen Carpenters Boy
133 Samuel Owen Boatsw'ns Boy
134 John Bell Gunn ers Boy
135 Thomas Moulton Ord'y Seaman
136 Richard Bates Ord'y Seaman Drowned at sea 12th September
137 Henry Kemp Ord'y Seaman
[Page 7:]
List of the Chinese in China
No, Names Station Casualties
1 Atam Boatswain
2 Arau Mate
3 A Ho Chinese
4 Camshing Chinese
5 Anowey Chinese
6 A cou Chinese
7 Yap cow Chinese
8 Agong Chinese
9 A fat Chinese
10 Lamllen Chinese
11 A Looke Chinese
12 A Man Chinese
13 J Achong Chinese
14 A show Chinese
15 A Pong Chinese
16 Lojam Chinese
17 A Nam Chinese
18 Cham King Chinese
19 Sam Chuk Chinese
20 A Sin Chinese
21 A Wou Chinese
22 A Shap Chinese
23 A Sowy Chinese
24 A Sam Chinese
25 A Chong Chinese
26 A Hong Chinese
27 A Li Chinese
28 A Kian Chinese
29 Cong Chinese
30 Wong Si Chinese
31 A Cyah Chinese
32 A Nong Chinese
33 A Tong Chinese
34 Ang Yin Chinese
Landed at Blackwall 27th May 1816

Mr Reeves Passenger from China came on board 14th January 1816 and landed at Deal 11th May 1816

I do declare upon honour that the foregoing are true Lists of Ships Company and Chinese to best of my knowledge and belief.
R.Rawes, Commander [signed]
Witness : G Bryant


[Page 8:]
Warren Hastings at Deptford, Export Dock

Monday 13th March 1815.
Blowing hard from the SW with much rain AM. Came on board Mr Wilkinson and inspected the Ship, and left Mr Richard Rogers, Surveyor - Found on board the following stores: 1 Stream Anchor, 3 Hawsers, and 150 tons of kentledge. Employed clearing the limbers and levelling the kentledge. Officers on board 1st & 3rd. Draft of Water 15.4 Aft. 13.4 Forw'd. Tuesday 14th March.
Wind & Weather as yesterday. Employed receiving & stowing empty Butts, also two old Bower Cables and Messenger - Riggers rigging the Ship. Fidded the Top Masts & crossed the Top Sails Yards & rattled the lower rigging down. Received 21 Chalds store coals. Officers on Board 1st & 3rd.

Wednesday 15th March.
More moderate with constant rain. Employed filling Water. Riggers rigging the Ship. Crossed the lower yards. Received the Ships Running Rigging, some Gang Casks. & the Gun Carriages. Draft of Water 14.9 Aft. 15.9 F'd. Officers on board 1st, 2nd & 5th.

Thursday 16th March.
First part blowing fresh from the westward with rain, latter moderate & fair. Received the Guns & struck them down into the after hold. Fidded Top Gallant Mast & got out the Jib Boom. Officers on board 2nd, 3rd & 5th

Friday 17th March.
Wind variable & Nth to West & cloudy weather. AM. Bent sails & crossed top Gallant Yards. Received our anchor & two new Cables. At 3 PM Mr Slany, Pilot came on board and shifted the Ship outside the Pier. Draft of water 16.1 Forw'd, 15.3 Aft. Captain & all Officers on board.

[Page 9:]
Warren Hastings at Northfleet Hope

Saturday 18th March 1815.
Pleasant breeze @ WSW & cloudy weather. At day light slips the Junks and made Sail. At 10 took in the moorings at Northfleet. Unbent Sails & down Top Gallant Masts. Capt Hall & all Officers on board.

Sunday 19th March.
Light winds Westerly & cloudy weather. Employed in receiving pig iron on account of the Hon'ble Comp'y & stowing it away. Sailed the H. C. Ships Hope, Walmer Castle and Princess Amelia for the Downs - pumped Ship - Officers on board 1st, 3rd & 5th.

Monday 20th March.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed in the hold & getting the Guns up. Some hands about the Rigging. Officers on board as yesterday.

Tuesday 21st March.
Blowing fresh from the SW & rain at times. Employed receiving various stores & the dunnage Deals. - Received some Companys Lead. Riggers on the rigging. Set the Bobettag & fore rigging up. Officers as before.

Wednesday 22nd March.
Same winds & weather. Received the ramainder of the Hon'ble Comp'ys Lead and some flints on account of the Captain. Discharged all the Lumpers. Some hands about the Rigging. Officers as for days past.

Thursday 23rd March.
Blowing a hard Gale throughout with violent squalls & hail at times. Employed when weather would permit in receiving bales of Cloth on account of the Hon'ble Comp'y - otherwise under the Boatswain. Officers as before.

[Page 10:]
Warren Hastings at Northfleet Hope

Friday 24th March 1815.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed in the hold & under the Boatswain - AM. Received & the Store Biscuit and dry provisions. Clapped a whole & half Cable Service on the best Bower. Officers on Board 1st, 3rd and 5th.

Saturday 25th March.
Squally throughout with hard rain at times. Received a Stream Cable & 20 fms of Billet Wood. - Got the Raft on board, otherwise employed under the Boatswain. Painters painting the Steerage. Officers on Board 1st, 3rd & 4th. Draft of water 16.0 Forw'd. 18.0 Aft.

Sunday 26th March.
First part moderate breezes from the SW latterly increasing with rain. AM. Washed decks & mustered the Ships Company. Pumped Ship. - Officers 2nd, 3rd & 5th.

Monday 27th March.
Blowing hard from the SW with rain, latterly more moderate. Boatswain employed about the rigging. Clapped on whole & half Cable Service on the small Bower, otherwise employed scraping decks - Received some flints. Officers 2nd & 4th. Draft of Water 17.3 Forw'd. 18.8 Aft.

Tuesday 28th March.
First part moderate, latter increasing from the WSW & fine weather. Received the remainder of the Flints. A gang under the Boatswain setting up the rigging. Painters painting the Quarter Deck. Officers as yesterday,

Wednesday 29th March.
Moderate breezes from the SE & fine weather. Boatswain & gang about the Rigging, otherwise employed at receiving the Wet provisions & 40 Casks of Pitch & Tar & sundry Ship chandlery stores. Officers on board 2nd & 4th. Draft of Water Forw'd 18.2. Aft 18.9.

[Page 11:]
Warren Hastings at Northfleet

Thursday 30th March 1815.
Wind SE & fine weather. Employed receiving Ship stores & private Trade Lead - otherwise about the rigging& scraping the decks. Officers on Board 2nd & 4th.

Friday 31st March.
Same wind & weather. Hoisted in the Long Boat & stowed the booms, otherwise employed most useful and scraped the upper deck. Painters painting the outside. Officers 2nd & 4th.

Saturday April 1st.
Same winds & weather. Employed receiving Flints. Fidded Top Gallant Masts. otherwise about the rigging and as necessary. Officers on Board 2nd & 3rd. Painted as yesterday.

Sunday April 2nd.
Light winds & fine weather. Washed decks above & below. Mustered. Ships Officers 1st, 2nd & 3rd.

Monday April 3rd.
Wind SW with small rains. Received 3 Puncheons of Rum & the Ships Cables & Store Cordage, also some private Trade on account of the Captain & Officers. Got the Cannonades out of the after hold & mounted them All Officers on Board

Tuesday 4th April.
Moderate breezes & rain. Employed as necessary private Trade on account of the Captain & Officers. Fitted the new Messengers. Painters painting the masts. All Officers on board.

Wednesday 5th April.
A fresh breeze from the northward & fair weather. Employed as yesterday. Carpenters making Jacks for Top Gallant Mast. Armourer at the forge. All Officers on board. draft of Water For'd 19.10. Aft 19.5.

[Page 12:]
Warren Hastings at Northfleet

Thursday 6th April 1815.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Received the Beer On the victualling Bill. Struck Top Gallant Masts & filled the Jacks - Fidded Top Gallant Mast. Received the boats - Tradesmen variously employed. All Officers on Board.

Friday 7th April.
Light winds & fair. Employed in receiving private Trade & otherwise under the Boatswain. All Officers on board.

Saturday 8th April.
Light winds variable & cloudy with rain at times. Employed receiving ballast & under the Boatswain. Captain and all Officers on board.

Sunday 9th April.
Light variable winds & cloudy weather with rain at times. Scraped & cleaned decks above & below & mustered the Ships Company. Draft of Water. 20.6 Forw'd - 20.10 Aft.

Monday 10th April.
Variable winds & cloudy weather with much rain during the night. Moved 30 tons of kentledge and the sails, otherwise employed receiving remaining rigging.

Tuesday 11th April.
Light winds & calms with fine weather AM. Stayed the masts & set the rigging up fore & aft. Received the gun powder. Mr Blythe the Pilot came on Board & took charge of the Ship.

[Page 13:]
Warren Hastings at Northfleet

Wednesday 12th April 1815.
Wind & weather as yesterday AM. Bent sails, otherwise employed as needful. Captain & Officers on Board. draft of water. 20.8 under Keel.

Thursday 13th April.
Moderate in the first part & fair & latter squally & rain. Employed under the Boatswain AM. Mr Sims came on Board & payed the People.

Friday 14th April.
Blowing fresh from the NW & rain. Employed working up junk and scraping decks. Tradesmen as necessary

Saturday 14th April.
NW winds with sleet & very cold weather. Employed as necessary. Received the store potatoes. Tradesmen variously employed.

Sunday 16th April.
Light winds from the NW & cloudy weather. AM. washed decks above & below. Crossed Top Gallant Yards. Pumped ship.

Monday 17th April.
Variable winds & mostly fine weather. Employed under the Boatswain squaring the Ratlines. Received 29 Boxes of Treasure on account of the Hon'ble Company.

Tuesday 18th April. Moderate breezes @ NW & fair weather. People under the Boatswain. Sailmaker making new hammock cloths. Swayed the Main Yard higher up.

[Page 14:]
Warren Hastings towards the Downs

Wednesday 19th April.
Light winds & calm with pleasant weather - AM. Washed the gun deck and stationed the People at their Quarters. Loosed sails today - otherwise as necessary. Pumped ship.

Thursday 20th April.
Same winds & weather - AM. Received thirty three chests of Treasure on behalf of the Hon'ble Company. Employed preparing for sea. Crossed the Royal Yards.- At 6 PM shipped the junks & made sail. At 8 PM anchored abreast of Gravesend with the small Bower. Steaded the ship with the kedge.

Friday 21st April.
Light variable winds & rain in the first part, increasing latterly to a fresh gale with hard squalls At 6AM weighed and made all sail. Tacked occasionally & at 3 PM anchored The Warp in 7½ fms with the best Bower. Non Light bearing [blank]. Double reefed the Top Sails & down Royal & Top Gallant Yards, lowered the Gaff & gave the ship the whole Cables Service.

Saturday 22nd April.
Squally in the first part with much rain AM Crossed Top Gallant Yards. At noon weighed , tacked occasionally & at 3 PM anchored in Nobs Hole in 8½ fms. Buoy of the Shivering Sand SSW. Buoy of the Nob NEbE about ½ mile distant. Sealed & loaded the guns.

[Page 15:]
Warren Hastings in the Downs

Sunday 23rd April 1815.
Variable winds & squally weather during the night with much rain latter a pleasant breeze @ NE & fair. At 8 AM weighed & made sail. At 11 crossed the Flats least water 4 fms - At 5 PM anchored in the Downs with the best Bower in 10 fms, South Foreland Lights SW Sandown Castle NW off shore 2½ miles. Floating light on the Bunt Head NbE. Same on North Sand Head ENE. Down Top Gallant yards. In company with the Alnwick Castle

Monday 24th April.
Blowing fresh from the northward & fine weather in the first, latter squally with hail, gave the ship whole cable service. Employed variously under the Boatswain. Pumped ship.

Tuesday 25th April.
More moderate cloudy weather throughout AM. Washed the gun deck & Mustered at Quarters & otherwise under the Boatswain. gunner painting the hammock cloths - Carpenter making a Try sail mast out of old driver boom. Came on board a Lieutenant from the Guard Ship & took William Clerk & George Gully who gave themselves up as deserters.

Wednesday 26th April.
Wind variable & cloudy in the first part, latter a steady breeze from the eastward & fair weather. AM Rounded the sails up to air & make up a fresh, otherwise employed getting ready for Sea. Tradesmen as useful.

Thursday 27th April.
A pleasant breeze from the Eastward with fair weather. Crossed Top Gallant & Royal yards, Shortened in to half cable service. At 10 AM Mr Ward, purser joined the ship with the Hon'ble Companys Dispatches. At noon weighed & made all sail in company with Alnwick Castle. AM confined John Smith Seaman in irons for mutiny & threatening to stab with his knife any person who should attempt to confine him. Draft of water. 20.9 fms Fwd, 20.9 fms Aft. Water on board 22,000 galls.

[End of Harbour Journal]


[Page 16:]
[Warren Hastings Sea Log - extracts]

Friday 28th April 1815.
Course: WSW to WNW. Winds ENE Moderate & fair weather throughout. Employed as most useful. 6pm Dungeness Light House WbN 1am Beachy Head north. 5am Owens Light. The body of the Isle of Wight WNW. 8am Dunnose NNW/N. St Catherine Point NW. At Noon St Catherines Point ENE. Dist off 5 or 6 leagues. 6am Mr Blythe, Pilot left the ship. Latitude 50º 23'. N.

Saturday 29th April 1815.
Course generally WbN. Variable winds & cloudy weather for the most part Sunset St Aldans Head NE & Bill of Portland NbW. 8pm Portland Light north. 12pm Portland Light NEbE. Daylight the land NbW. 10am The land about Black Head NW. At Noon too hazy to see land.

AM held a Court of Enquiry on John Smith Seaman for mutiny & drawing his knife with intent to stab & on Samuel Lewellin Seaman for general neglect of Duty & threatening to throw the Boatswains Mate over board. The charges being fully proved punished them both with 18 lashes each. Latitude; 19º 54' N.

[Page 17:]
Sunday 30th April 1815.
Course generally WbS. Variable winds throughout with unsettled rainy weather. At 1 pm clearing up a little. Saw the Lizard Point bearing NWbW. Distance 6 or 7 leagues. 6pm to 8 rain & hazy weather. 8pm Clearing up. Lizard Lights NEbN. At 12pm Lizard Lights NEbE 7 or 8 leagues from which I take my departure. Weather too unsettled to take Divine Service. Water expended 193 galls Remain on board 21,007 galls. Lat. 49º 10' N. Longitude 6º 33' W

Monday 1st May 1815.
Course & Distance SW115. Variable winds increasing towards the middle part pm a fresh breeze. A confused sea which makes the ship pitch deep at times. Employed variously & getting Lead forward to tune ship. Lat. 47º 43'. Long. 8º 29' W.

[Page 18:]
Warren Hastings towards China.

Tuesday 2nd May.
C&D NW59. Increasing to a fresh gale with hard squalls. Latter more moderate. The confused sea still continues which makes the ship still pitch up. Carried away the main Top Gallant mast at ½ past Noon. Got up the Short one at 6pm. Employed otherwise as needful. Lat. 48º 28' N. Long 10º 30' W.

Wednesday 3rd May.
C&D SW60. First & middleparts breeze decreasing. Latter steady breeze ye eastward sea much abated. AM stowed the anchor & unbent the cables. Carpenter making a try sail mast & fitting the jaws of a new Driver Boom. Lat. 47º 37' N. Long 11º 29' W.

[Page 19:]
Thursday 4th May 1815.
C&D SW27. Light airs & clam throughout fair weather. AM set up Bob Stays. Stayed the masts & set the rigging up fore & aft. Carpenter reducing the Gaff. Sailmaker altering the main top mast stay sail. Lat. 47º 20'. Long. 11º 48' W.

Friday 5th May.
C&D S16. Light variable winds in the first part increasing to a fresh breeze. Cloudy weather throughout. Employed fitting & making masts for rigging. AM Three Strangers passed as standing to northward. Lat 47º 15' N. Long 11º 28' W.

[Page 20:]
Towards China

Saturday 6th May 1815.
C&D S99. First part moderate, middle& latter a fresh breeze with thick rainy weather. Scraped & cleaned between decks otherwise as most useful. Lat 46º 58' N. Long 9º 7' W.

Sunday 7th May.
C&D WNW69. Fresh breezes throughout with thick hazy weather & rains. Weather too unsettled to perform Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 742. Water on board 21,065 galls. Lat 47º 26'. Long 10º 41'.

[Page 21:]
Warren Hastings

Monday 8th May 1815.
C&D SW41. Variable winds & squally unsettled weather in the first part latter a steady breeze & fair weather. Unstowed the starboard booms etc. Sailmaker reducing the best Driver. Lat 46º 22' N. Long 11º 9' W.

Tuesday 9th May.
C&D SbW110. First part a fresh breeze & squally weather. Middle & latter moderate & fair. Employed under the Boatswain. Carpenter making a Main Top Gallant Mast. Lat 44º 30' N. Long 10º 40' W.

[Page 22:]

Towards China
Wednesday 10th May 1815.
C&D SW69 Fresh breeze & fair weather throughout. AM washed the gun deck & mustered at Quarters. Carpenter as yesterday. Lat 44º 22' N Long 11º 13' W.

Thursday 11th May.
C&D SW76. Fresh breezes throughout first & middleparts hazy with some rain latter fair. Employed variously. At daylight the Commodore hull down bearing WNW. K'd to join him. Several small craft in sight at Noon. Lat 43º 16' N. Long 11º 16'.W.

[Page 23:]
Warren Hastings

Friday 12th May 1815.
SW100. Light breezes throughout & fair weather. A swell as ye westward. Employed as most needful. At daylight saw the land bearing EbS made signal 296. Alnwick Castle 9º 37' W pm. Lat 41º 38' N. Long 10º 43'W

Saturday 13th May.
SW98. Light breezes throughout & fine pleasant weather. At daylight a strange sail bearing WNW standing to the SW. AM shifted the main Top Gallant mast with the new one. Washed between decks & exercised the Great Guns & small arms. Lat 40º 4' N. Long 12º 3' W.

[Page 24:]
Towards China

Sunday 14th May 1815.
C&D SW94. Light breezes throughout & fine weather. AM Read Divine Service & mustered the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 734. Water on board 20,331 galls. Lat 38º 43' N. Long 13º 30' W.

Monday 15th May.
C&D SW135 Moderate breezes & fine pleasant weather. Employed trimming Ship by the Head & otherwise under the Boatswain. Several Brigs in sight at Noon. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Mizen Stay sail. Lat 36º 40' N Long 15º 22' W

[Page 25:]
Warren Hastings

Tuesday 16th May 1815.
C&D SW103. Fresh breezes throughout with fair weather. Got the flying Jib Boom out & bent the sail. Sailmaker as before. Kept a good look out for the Rocks said to lie to the NW of Porto Santo, saw nothing of them. Lat 34º 18' N. Long 17º 49' W

Wednesday 17th May.
C&D SW200. Strong breezes throughout & fine weather. AM washed the gun decks otherwise employed under the Boatswain. AM Commodore made Rendezvous signal. Alnwick Castle 19º 2' W --. Lat 31º 37' N. Long 19º 44' W.

[Page 26:]
Towards China

Thursday 18th May 1815.
C. SWbS A brisk breeze & fine pleasant weather. Employed making spun yarn. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Mizen Top sail. Lat 28º 46' N. Long 19º 46' W.

Friday 19th May.
C. SWbS. Light breezes fine weather. Set up Fore & Mizen Top mast rigging & Top Gallant rigging fore & aft. Sailmaker repairing the 3rd Fore Top sail. Lat 26º 58' N. Long 20º 34' W.

[Page 27:]
Warren Hastings

Saturday 20th May 1815.
C. SWbS. Light airs variable & fair weather. PM carried away the Tool? Ropes of the Main Top Gallant. Shifted it with the old one. Bent the old Driver. AM washed the gun deck & exercised at Quarters.

Sunday 21st May.
C SW. Light breezes variable & fine pleasant weather. Performed Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 792. Water on board 18,805 galls. Lat 24º 49' N. Long 21º 26' W.

[Page 28:]
Towards China

Monday 22nd May 1815.
C. SWbS. Increasing to a pleasant breeze & fine weather. Employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Top Gallant sail. Shifted the Fore Top Gallant sail with the old one. Lat 23º 2' N. Long 22º 28' W.

Tuesday 23rs May.
C. SWbS. Same wind & weather. AM restowed the Starboard Boom. Shifted the Fore Top sail with the 3rd. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore sail & Top Gallant sail. At Noon Signal 281. Hove too & sent Mr Thompson Surgeon on board ye Commodore. Lat 20º 50' N. Lat 23º 40 W.

[Page 29:]
Warren Hastings

Wednesday 24th May 1815.
C. SWbS. Brisk Trade [winds] & pleasant weather. AM washed the gun deck & exercised at Quarters. Shifted the Fore sail with the old one. Sailmaker as before. Lat 18º 29' N.

Thursday 25th May.
SWbS. A pleasant Trade & fair weather throughout. At sunset saw the Island of St Anthony [Cape Verde] bearing SSW. At midnight the summit of the same bearing SEbS. At daylight the body of the Land ENE, Peak NEbE. At 7pm punished William Jones, Ordinary Seaman with one dozen lashes for insubordination of Orders -- upon going forward he went upon the pie of the starboard Bower anchor threatening to throw himself over board - we have reason to think he slipped from the anchor unintentionally. Hove to, out boat & picked him up. Alnwick Castle 25º 58' WbS. Lat 18º 11' N. Long 26º W.

[Page 30:]
Towards China

Friday 26th May 1815.
A pleasant breeze & fair weather. AM roused the cables up took the Service of & coiled them in the hold. Sailmaker as before. Other tradesmen as most useful. I take Dep. from the Peak bearing at 8am yesterday NEbE. Distance 10 or 11 leagues. The Peak : Lat 17º 2' N. Long 35º 25' W. Alnwick Castle 25º 53' W. ---. Lat 15º 29' N. Long 26º 47 W.

Saturday 27th May.
A moderate Trade & cloudy weather - very smooth water. AM washed the gun deck and exercised the Great Guns. Lat 11º 11' N. Long 24º 35 W.

[Page 31:]
Warren Hastings

Sunday 28th May 1815.
C&D SE132. Moderate & cloudy weather. At 3pm Commodore burnt a blue light when we perceived he had lost his For Top Mast spoke to him to see if he wanted assistance. AM performed Divine Service. Released William Jones Ordinary seaman on promise of future good behaviour. This weeks expenditure 770. Water on board 18,035 galls. Lat 9º 6' N. Long 23º 18' W.

Monday 29th May.
C&D SE133. A steady Trade & fair weather. Employed variously under the Boatswain. Sailmaker altering the best Driver. At 8pm saw several bearing NE to N at a great distance& supposed them to be the homeward bound fleet. Under easy sail throughout for Commodore. Alnwick Castle 22º 33' W ---. Lat 7º 14' N. Long 22º 2' W.

[Page 32:]
Towards China

Tuesday 30th May.
C&D SE48. First part a light breeze & cloudy weather. Middle & latter calm & hard rain. People making mats & Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 6º 21' N. Long 21º 47' W.

Wednesday 31st May.
C&D S23. Light air & calm throughout. Cloudy weather. Employed in making mats & Sailmaker as before & repairing the old Top Gallant sails. Lat 6º 11' N. Long 21º 28W.

[Page 33:]
Warren Hastings

Thursday June 1st 1815.
C&D SW25. Variable winds & unsettled rainy weather. PM shifted ye fore Top Gallant sail with the old one. People as yesterday. Sailmaker repairing the old main Top Gallant sail. Lat 5º 46' N. Long 21º 49' W.

Friday June 2nd 1815.
C&D SbW60. Variable winds & squally weather with rain. PM stitch the fore Top Gallant sail & shifted it with 2nd best. Employed as for days past. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best fore Top sail. Lat 4º 52' N. Long 22º 1' W.

[Page 34:]
Towards China

Saturday 3rd June 1815.
C&D SW39. Variable winds & unsettled weather. AM washed between decks & exercised at Quarters. Sailmaker as before. Commodore 22º 5' W. Lat 4º 26' N. Long 22º 10'W.

Sunday 4th June.
C&D SW91 A moderate breeze & fair weather for the most part. AM read Divine Sevice & mustered the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 672. Water on board 17,363 galls. Alnwick Castle 22º 24' [---]. Lat 2º 50' N. Long 22º 20' W.

[Page 35:]
Warren Hastings

Monday 5th June 1815.
C&D SWbS142. Brisk Trade throughout & fair weather. Employed under the Boatswain & filling salt water in the fore hold to trim ship. Sailmaker on the 2nd Fore Top sail. At noon carried away the flying Jib Boom. Alnwick Castle 24º 8' W. Lat 0º 42' N. Long 23º 48' W.

[Equator]

Tuesday 6th June 1815.
C&D SW150. Same winds & hazy weather. PM Tongued the flying Jib Boom & got it out. Employed as yesterday & fitting Bentick Shrouds. Lat 1º 52' S. Long 25º 3' W.

[Page 36:]
Towards China

Wednesday 7th June 1815.
C&D SW160. A brisk Trade & hazy weather throughout. Employed as yesterday. Lat 4º 40' S. Long 26º 11' W.

Thursday 8th June 1815.
C&D SW167. A fresh Trade & cloudy weather. AM Unstowed the larboard booms to get out a Top Gallant spar. People fitting Bentick Shrouds. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Jib. Lat 7º 35' S. Long 26º 36' W.

[Page 37:]
Warren Hastings

Friday 9th June 1815.
C&D SW141 First & middle parts a brisk Trade latterly decreasing - cloudy weather. Carpenter making a short top Gallant mast. Employed otherwise as necessary. At 10am Commodore telegraphed to 704.2. 1118.5 730.2 3058.9. Lat 9º 55' S. Long 27º 7' W.

Saturday 10th June.
C&D SW146. Light variable winds till ½ past 1pm & dark threatening appearance @ SE with hard rain where it spring up a brisk Trade & fine weather. AM Washed the gun deck & exercised at Quarters. Set up Fore Top Mast Gallant rigging. Lat 12º 5' S. Long 28º 22' W.

[Page 38:]
Towards China

Sunday 11th June 1815.
C&D SW147. Brisk Trade with passing squalls & rain in the first & latter parts. The state of the weather prevented our having Divine this weeks expenditure 770. Water on board 16,593 galls. Lat 14º 30' S. Long 29º 6' W.

Monday June 12th.
C&D SW163. A fresh Trade with squalls & rain throughout. AM shifted the Fore Top Gallant sail with a new one. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best. People under the Boatswain. Alnwick Castle 30º 52' W. Lat 17º 11' S. Long 29º 44' W.

[Page 39:]
Warren Hasting

Tuesday 13th June 1815.
C&D S145. A fresh Trade with passing squalls & rain. Carpenter fitting Stools for presenter swiftures to main mast. Boatswain fitting the swiftures & billy stays. Sailmaker on the 2nd best Fore Top Gallant sail. Alnwick Castle 30º 59'W. Lat 19º 49' W. Long 29º 44' W.

Wednesday 14th June.
SE177. A fresh Trade throughout with squalls & rain at times. Employed as requisite. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore Sail. Lat 22º 50' S. Long 29º 37' W.

[Page 40:]
Towards China

Thursday 15th June 1815.
C&D SE175. A fresh Trade & cloudy weather. PM Confined William Scott Seaman on a charge of theft. Employed as yesterday. Sailmaker as before. Lat 25º 46' S. Long 28º 41' W.

Friday 15th June 1815.
C&D SE154. A fine breeze throughout mostly fair weather. Employed as for days past. Held a Court of enquiry on the prisoner William Scott. The charge of theft being fully proved punished with 2½ dozen lashes. X's Antares & Regulus. ?? Lat 28º 16' S. Long 27º 13' W.

[Page 41:]
Warren Hastings

Saturday 17th June 1815.
C&D SE63. Light variable winds throughout & fair weather. AM got a pull of the Bob Stay, Hove the Foot Hook Shrouds down & set the rigging up fore & aft. Shifted the Fore sail with the best. Alnwick Castle 27º 27' W. Lat 28º 56' S. Long 26º 12' W.

Sunday 18th June 1815.
C&D SE185. Fresh breezes & cloudy weather throughout. PM shifted the Fore & Mizen Top Sails with the best. Weather too unsettled to perform Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 856. Water on board 15, 737 galls. Lat 30º 15' S. Long 23º 3' W.

[Battle of Waterloo 18th June 1815]

[Page 42:]
Towards China

Monday 19th June 1815.
C&D SE191. Steady breezes & mostly fair weather. AM shifted the main Top Sail & main Top Gallant Sail with the best. Sailmaker repairing the best Fore Top Mast Stay sail. Kept a good look out for rocks laid down in Arrowsmiths Chart in Lat . Long. A number of Pentado & other birds about the ship. Lat 31º 32' S. Long 19º 38' W.

Tuesday 20th June 1815. C&D SE140. Fresh breeze in the first part. Middle & latter variable with rain - the ship rolling considerably. PM shifted ye Main Sail with a new one. Employed clapping preventer lashings on the booms & long boat. Shifted ye main Top Stay sail with the best. Got the flying Jib & Jib Boom in. Lat 32º 27' S. Long 17º 8 W.

[Page 43:]
Warren Hastings

Wednesday 21st June 1815.
C&D NE107. Variable winds with unsettled cloudy weather & rain throughout. Watch as requisite. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Top Gallant Sail. Lat 31º 38' S. Long 15º 18' W.

Thursday 22nd June.
C&D SE88. Variable in the first part & middle& latter parts a steady breeze. A NE & fair weather. Employed as requisite. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore Sail. Gunner making wads. Alnwick Castle 14º 7' W. Lat 32º 41' S. Long 14º 10' W.

[Page 44:]
Towards China

Friday 23rd June 1815.
C&D SE224. Fresh breezes & cloudy weather. People & tradesmen as requisite. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Top Gallant sail. Shifted the Driver with the Mizen. Lat 34º 16' S. Long 10º 1' W.

Saturday 24th June.
C&D SE232. Fresh breeze & cloudy weather. AM scraped & cleaned gun deck. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Top Mast Stay sail. Lat 35º 9' S. Long 5º 29' W.

[Page 45:]
Warren Hastings

Sunday 25th June 1815.
C&D SE158. Fresh breezes & cloudy weather in the first part - decreasing latterly & variable with dark cloudy weather & rain. The unsettled state of the weather prevented the performance of Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 856. Water on board 15,757 galls. Lat 35º 36' S. Long 2º 20' W.

Monday 26th June.
C&D SWbS30. First part light variable winds & rain. A moderate breeze SE at 10pm which increased suddenly at 12 to a fresh gale. Latter blowing very hard & a very heavy sea running. At 12pm split ye Jib. At Noon under treble reefed main Top sail & main Stay sail. Lat 36º 28' S. Long 2º 41' W.

[Page 46:]
Towards China

Tuesday 27th June 1815.
C&D SW34. Blowing hard in violent gusts in the first part & very heavy sea which makes us roll deep tho easy, middle more moderate, the sea much abated Latter moderate breeze @ SEbS & fair. AM fidded Top Gallant Masts & crossed the yards - Out all reefs. Bent the new Jib. Alnwick Castle 2º 53' W. Lat 36º 59' S. Long 3º 13' W.

Wednesday 28th June.
C&D NE141. Moderate breeze & fair weather in the first part. Middle& latter a stiff breeze with squalls & rain. A large sea @ SE. AM cleaned the gun deck. Watch as requisite. Alnwick Castle 0º 1' E. Lat 36º 27' S. Long 0º 22' W.

[Page 47:]
Warren Hastings

Thursday 29th June 1815.
C&D NE130. First part a fresh breeze & dark threatening weather - Middle moderate - Latter a light breeze & fair weather. Employed drying sails & as necessary. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best main Top Mast Stay sail. Lat 36º 11' S. Long 2º 18' E.

Friday June 30th.
C&D SE140. First part light breeze & fair weather. Middle & latter a steady breeze & cloudy Weather. Sailmaker as yesterday. Employed under the Boatswain & picking oakum. Lat 36º 31' S. Long 5º 9' E.

[Page 48:]
Towards China

Saturday 1st July 1815.
East119. Wind variable from the WSW to WNW with thick cloudy weather & drizzling rain. AM cleaned between decks. Mustered at Quarters. Lat 36º 17' S. Long 7º 36' E.

Sunday 2nd July.
C&D NE76. Light winds variable & cloudy weather. At 10pm Archibald Angus Seaman fell from the Main Top sail yards, in his fall struck against the main channel violently, fell overboard & was unfortunately drowned. Wind being very variable prevents our having Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 902. Water on board 14, 835 galls. Lat 36º 8' S. Long 9º 10' E.

[Page 49:]
Warren Hastings

Monday July 3rd 1815.
C&D SE50. Light variable winds & fine weather. Employed as requisite. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Mizen Top sail. At 10am A strange sail from the mast-head bearing SE. Alnwick Castle 10º 52' E. Lat 36º 48' S. Long 9º 50' E.

Tuesday July 4th.
C&D East168. Increasing to a fine steady breeze with smooth water & mostly fine weather. Employed working up junk & picking oakum. Sailmaker as yesterday. At sunset a stranger just in sight from the mast head bearing SE. Lat 36º 50' S. Long 13º 18' E.

[Page 50:]

Towards China

Wednesday July 5th 1815.
C&D NE219. Fresh breeze throughout with rain in the middle part the rest fair. Employed as yesterday. Alnwick Castle 19º 19' E. Lat 36 37' S. Long 17 48' E.

Thursday July 6th.
C&D NE224. Fresh breeze & cloudy weather in the first part increasing in the middle to strong gale with very violent gusts & rain. A large following sea in the latter part. Watch as required. At daylight saw a Strange sail in the NE Quarter standing towards us. At 8am she joined us & proved to be the Hon. Comp'y Ship Apollo outward bound. Alnwick Castle 24º 00' E. Apollo 24º 1' E. Warren Hastings 24o 10' E. Lat 36º 20' S. Long 22º 34 E.

[Page 51:]

Warren Hastings
Friday July 7th 1815.
C&D East200. First & middle parts a fresh gale with hard squalls & rain. Latter more moderate - a following sea. At sunset the Apollo WSW hull down. Watch picking oakum. At daylight the Apollo SW hull down. at Noon the same. Lat 36º 13' S. Long 26º 42' E.

Saturday 8th July.
C&D SE195. Fresh breezes decreasing in latter part - rain at times. AM cleaned the gun decks & mustered at Quarters. Tradesmen as necessary. Watch picking oakum. Lat 36º 16' S. Long 30º 42' E.

[Page 52:]
Towards China

Sunday July 9th 1815.
C&D SE180. Moderate breeze in the first part. Middle & latter increasing fair weather. Swell still continues @ WSW which makes us roll much & prevented our having Divine Service. Mustered the Ships Company.This weeks expenditure 940. Water on board 13,859 galls. Alnwick Castle 36º 8' E. Lat 36º 24' S. Long 34º 24' E.

Monday July 10th.
C&D East170. Fresh breeze in the first part @ NW. Middle& latter variable fair weather. Employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Top sail. At 9am saw a stranger sail bearing EbS. At half past 11 sent a boat to board the stranger. She proved to be the Thais 24 from the Cape 2nd Inst. Lat 36º 22' S. long 37º 55' E.

[Page 53:]
Warren Hastings

Tuesday July 11th 1815.
C&D SE80. Fresh breezes throughout & cloudy weather. Employed as yesterday. Caulker caulking the Orlop. Lat 36º 42' S. Long 39º 29' E.

Wednesday July 12th.
C&D SE165. Moderate breezes throughout & cloudy weather, much lightening during the night. AM washed between decks. Caulkers as yesterday. Carpenter preparing stuff for sail & store rooms. Lat 36º 51' S. Long 42º 53' E.

[Page 54:]
Towards China

Thursday July 13th 1815.
C&D SE134. A moderate breeze in the first part, latter fresh & cloudy throughout. Employed filling salt water to trim ship. Tradesmen as before. Alnwick Castle 47º 59' E. Lat 37º 28' S. Long 45º 36' E.

Friday July 14th.
C&D SE201. Breeze increasing to a brisk gale with hard squalls & rain. Employed as before. Lat 37º 44' S. Long 49º 48' E.

[Page 55:]
Warren Hastings

Saturday July 15th 1815.
C&D NE199. Fresh gale throughout with hard squalls at times. Employed as necessary. Lat 37º 31' S. Long 53º 58' E.

Sunday July 16th.
C&D East180. Fresh gale moderating in the latter part. Blowing too fresh to perform Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 967. Water on board 12,928 galls. Lat 37º 50' S. Long 57º 44' E.

[Page 56:]
Towards China

Monday July 17th 1815.
C&D East 159. Fresh breeze in the first part. Latter moderate & fair. Employed variously. Caulker caulking the Orlop. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Top sail. Alnwick Castle 64º 31' E. Lat 37º 46' S. Long 61º 5' E.

Tuesday July 18th.
C&D NE166. Breeze increasing to a fresh gale & cloudy weather. Employed as requisite. Sailmaker repairing the best Jib. Lat 37º 32' S. Long 64º 63' E.

[Page 57:]
Warren Hastings

Wednesday July 19th 1815.
C&D NE161. First part a fresh gale with violent squalls & rain. Middle & latter moderate & fair. At 7pm split ye fore Top mast Stay sail - shifted it with the best. AM washed between decks & mustered at Quarters. Sailmaker on the 2nd Main Top sail. Caulker as before. Lat 37º 47' S. Long 67º 55' E..

Thursday July 20th 1815.
C&D NE141. First part variable winds with squalls & rain, Middle a brisk breeze decreasing in the latter part. People variously employed - Tradesmen as before. Lat 37º 39' S. Long 70º 52' E.

[Page 58:]
Towards China

Friday July 21st 1815.
C&D SSWbW25. Light variable winds & cloudy weather throughout. Employed as most necessary. At 4pm saw the Island of Amster bearing EbS Dist about 18 or 19 Leagues. At 12 the Island SE - At daylight the Island south. At Noon the Island SWbW. Dist about 23 miles. I allow the Island to be in Long 77º 53' E. North end Lat 37º 49' S. from which I take a fresh departure, My Chronometer make today at Noon - Long 77 16' E, 39' West of our true Longitude. Lat 37º 29' S. Long 78º 5' E.

["Island of Amster" is now called Amsterdam & St Paul Islands located in the southernmost Indian Ocean at 37º 50' S and 77º 35' E.]

Saturday July 22nd.
C&D NE145. Moderate breeze & mostly fair weather. AM cleaned between decks & exercised at Quarters. Tradesmen as before. Cooper making Breakers. Lat 37º 12' S. Long 81º 6' E.

[Page 59:]
Warren Hastings

Sunday July 23rd 1815.
C&D NE56. Variable winds throughout with constant rain. The rain prevented our having Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 964. Water on board 11,964 galls. Lat 36º 56' S. Long 82º 13' E.

Monday July 24th.
C&D NE93. Light variable winds in the first part with drizzling rain increasing towards the latter part to a strong breeze with squalls & rain. AM carried away the Parrel of the Main Top Sail Yard. Fitted a new one. People as requisite. Lat 35º 8' S. Long 83º 59'E.

[Page 60:]
Towards China

Tuesday July 25th 1815.
C&D NE188. Increasing to a strong breeze with heavy squalls & rain. Watch as requisite. Caulker caulking the Steerage. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Top Past Stay sail. Alnwick Castle Long 88º 1' E. Lat 34º 49' S. Long 87º 26' E.

Wednesday July 26th 1815.
C&D NE141. First part fresh breezes middle & latter. Moderate & fair. Employed as yesterday. Lat 33º 37' S. Long 89º 54' E.

[Page 61:]
Warren Hastings

Thursday July 27th 1815.
C&D NE56. Light variable winds & fine weather. Employed under the Boatswain & picking Oakum. Caulker & sailmaker as before. Alnwick Castle 91º 33' E. Lat 33º 2' S. Long 90º 50' E.

Friday July 28th.
C&D NE146. Pleasant breeze for the most part & fair weather. Shifted Main Top Mast Stay sail with 2nd best. Employed as for days past. Alnwick 93º 58' E. Lat 31º 53' S. Long 93º 19' E.

[Page 62:]
Towards China

Saturday July 29th 1815.
C&D NE151. Moderate breezes decreasing in the latter part - fair weather. Scraped & cleaned between decks. Tradesmen as before. Sailmaker altering the best Main Top Mast Stay sail. Lat 30º 48' S. Long 95º 30' E.

Sunday July 30th 1815.
C&D NE64. Light variable winds & fair weather throughout. AM mustered the Ships Company. The wind being very variable prevented our having Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 957 galls. Water on board 11,007 galls. Lat 29º 43' S. Long 96º 15' E.

[Page 63:]
Warren Hastings

Monday July 31st 1815.
C&D NNWbW48. Light variable winds & fair weather. Employed as necessary. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Main Top Mast Stay sail. Caulker caulking the gun deck. Unbent the storm stay sails. Got the Driver Boom out 7 shifted the Mizen with the old driver. Alnwick Castle 96º 28' E. Lat 28º 53' S. 95º 49' E.

Tuesday August 1st.
C&D NE80. Variable winds with squalls & rain in the first part, increasing in the latter to a fresh gale & fine weather. Employed as yesterday. Lat 28º 30' S. Long 97º 17'E.

[Page 64:]
Towards China

Wednesday August 2nd 1815.
C&D NE149. Brisk gale in the first part decreasing in the evening. Middle squally & rain when the wind shifted suddenly to the westward. Latter moderate & fair. Employed under the Boatswain fluting the collar of the Fore stay - Setting the Bowsprit Shrouds up. Tradesmen as before. Alnwick Castle 100º 13' E. Lat 26º 35' S. Long 99º 13' E.

Thursday August 3rd.
C&D NE88. Moderate breeze in the first part Middle& Latter variable fair throughout. AM set up the Fore & Fore Top Mast rigging. Found the foremost larboard Dead Eye gone. Shifted it with another. Alnwick Castle 100º 48'E. Lat 24º 56' S. Long 99º 37' E.

[Page 65:]
Warren Hastings

Friday August 4th 1815.
C&D NE83. Light variable winds throughout with squalls & rain in the middle. PM stayed the Main & Mizen Mast & set the rigging up. Employed in the hold under the Boatswain. Alnwick Castle 101º 24' E. Lat 23º 38' S. Long 100º 00' E.

Saturday August 5th 1815.
C&D NE148. Variable winds with mostly fair weather. Shifted the Top sails with 2nd best. Caulker caulking the Cutter. Sailmaker repairing 2nd best W Top Gallant sail. Carpenter building the sail room. Lat 21º 18' S. Long 101º 12' E.

[Page 66:]
Towards China

Sunday August 6th 1815.
C&D NE164. A brisk Trade with some squalls in the middle part. PM shifted the Main sail with the old one & Fore Top Gallant sail with the 2nd best. Read Divine Service. Kept a good lookout for the Tryal Rocks. This weeks expenditure 965. Water on board 10,042 galls. Alnwick Castle 103º 42' E. Lat 18 o58' S. Long 102º 12' E. [Tryal Rocks about 60 miles off Western Australia, Lat 20º 16' S. Long 115º 21' E]

Monday August 7th 1815.
C&D NE151. Steady Trade for the most part & fair weather. Shifted the Fore sail with the old one. AM roused the sheet & small Bower cables up out of the hold & clapped a whole cable service on the small Bower & coiled them in their berths. Tradesman as before. Lat 16º 51' S. Long 103º 3' E.

[Page 67:]
Warren Hastings

Tuesday August 8th 1815.
C&D NE154. Moderate Trade & for the most part fair weather. Employed serving the best Bower cable & coiling it & the spare cable in their tier. Gunner painting the boats. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Main top Gallant sail. Commodore 104º 55' E. Lat 14º 19' S. Long 103º 33' E.

Wednesday August 9th.
C&D NE135 A steady Trade & fair weather. AM washed the gun deck & mustered at Quarters. Shifted the Jib & Fore Top Mast Stay sail with the old ones. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Main Top sail. Caulker caulking the Yawl. Gunner painting the masts. Lat 11º 52' S. Long 103º 56' E.

[Page 68:]
Towards China

Thursday August 10th 1815.
C&D NE174. Brisk Trade throughout with hazy weather & rain in the latter part. AM bent the cables & unstowed the anchors. Caulker caulking the Long Boat. Sailmaker middle stitching best Fore top Gallant sail. Kept a good look out for Christmas Island - did not see it. Lat 8º 53' S. Long 104º 27' E. [Christmas Island, Lat 10º 30' S. Long 105º 40' E.]

Friday August 11th 1815.
First part a pleasant Trade & fair weather. Middle squally with hard rain latter light winds. Employed variously. At 7am saw the land from the mast head bearing NNE to NNW. At Noon the west point of Trowers Island NWbW. Off shore 4 miles too hazy to see the main land.

[Page 69:]
Warren Hastings

Saturday August 12th 1815.
Light breezes throughout with much thunder lightening & rain in the middle part. Employed rattling down the lower rigging afresh. At 1pm saw Clapps Island bearing WbS. At 4pm the body of the Island NNW Distance 3 or 4 miles. At sunset Clapps Island @ NbW to ENE Distance 6 or 7 miles. At daylight saw Trowers Island NWbW. At Noon Trowers Island EbN Westernmost point Clapps Island NW. High land above Java head WbN. Lat 7º 7' S. In passing Clapps Island at 5pm we perceived a wreck a small distance from the beach, and on our nearer approach at 10am could most distinctly see she was a small ship with her Main & Mizen Mast & bowsprit standing & from the freshness of her paint & other circumstances imagine she cannot have been long on shore. We prepared our boats & kept a careful look out for any People that might be on shore or on board - but on getting abreast of the wreck perceived the sea making a clear breach over her & did not discover the least signs of any person being on shore. In consequence of which & from the great risque our own Boat would [----]unter we gave up the idea of discovering what she was. The Cornwallis who we fell in with us Mew Bay informed us the wreck was the Apollo Country Ship - crew saved.

[Country Ships - H.E.I.C. ships that plied between ports in the Eastern seas. This ship was the first of that name, built prior to 1800. The Apollo mentioned on page 50 was built 1812, 2nd of her name]

[Page 70:]
Towards China

Sunday August 13th 1815.
Light variable winds throughout with squalls & rain in the middle part. At 4pm Java Head @ NbW. At 6pm Java Head @ NE to NbE. Midnight @ NEbE to E. Daylight the Head @ EbN to NEbN. At Noon Princes Island NE to NEbN. Carpenters NNE. Java Head EbS. Off shore 2½ miles. Lat 6 49' N.

Monday 14th August 1815.
Light variable winds throughout & unsettled weather. At 1pm the Second Point NEbe. 4pm The extremes of Princes Island from WbS to NWbN. Peak of Crockatoa NbE. 3rd Point EbN. 6pm Peak of Crockatoa WbS 3rd Point EbN. Peak of Princes Island WbS. At Noon the Peak of Crockatoa SWbW. 2nd Point SWbW. 4th Point NEbN. 3rd Point EbS. Highland of Sumatra bearing NW. At 2pm in passing Mew Island saw a line of battle ships at anchor who sent a boat on board the Commodore. The Cornwallis from Batavia to Marias she passed the 4 direct China Ships 4 days ago off St Nicholas Point.

[Page 71:]

Warren Hastings

Tuesday 15th August 1815.
Light variable winds throughout mostly fair weather. At 4pm Third Point SEbS. Fourth Point NEbE. Peak Crockatoa NWbN. At Noon body of Thwart the Way NbE. Fourth Point ESE. Anger Roads EbN. Peak Crockatao WbS. At 4pm anchored with the small Bower in [blank] fathoms Flag Haff bearing SEbS. Body of Thwart the Way NWbN. 4th Point SWbS. Cap. NNE. Distance off shore 1¾ miles. Found here H.M.S. Leda & Honourable Companys Cruizer Benares.
This Log contains 36 hours & ends at Midnight.

[Harbour Journal now starts]

Wednesday 16th August.
Light variable winds & calm with hot sultry weather . Hoisted out the large Cutter & sent her for water. At Daylight sailed to H.M.S. Leda. PM weighed & stood into 13 fathoms. Anchored with the small Bower & steadied with the Kedge. Caulkers caulking the Bends.

Thursday 17th August.
Variable winds & clam with rain during the night. Employed watering. Caulker on before. Sailmaker middle stitching best Main top sail. Sailed home the Benares.

Friday 18th August.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed watering & as before. Scrubbed hammocks & washed clothes. Found 2 of our Mizen Shrouds gone. Boatswain & gang fitting new Mizen rigging out of top Mast Shroud Hawser.

[Page 72:]

[Harbour Journal continues]

Towards China

Saturday 19th August 1815.
Light land & sea breezes. Employed watering as yesterday. Blacked the bends. Pumped ship.

Sunday 20th August.
Light winds & calm with hot sultry weather. Washed decks. Lowered sails to dry & read Divine Service & mustered the Ships Company.

Monday 21st August.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed watering. Shifted the Mizen rigging with the new - otherwise as necessary. Caulker finished the bends.

Tuesday 22nd August.
A pleasant breeze from the NE & fair weather. Received several trips of water. Washed the gun deck. Caulker caulking the Counter. set the Mizen rigging up.

Wednesday 23rd August.
Wind & weather as yesterday. finished watering. Employed as necessary receiving live stock otherwise getting ready for sea. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Fore Top sail. Draft of water 20.7 Fore 19.10 Aft..

Thursday 24th August.
A pleasant breeze @ NE and fair. At Daylight hove short. Hoisted in the boats & at 9 the current slacking weighed & made all sail. Tacked occasionally. At 6pm the current making strong against us. Anchored in 25 fms. Cap SSE, St Nicholas Point NEbE. Bullow NbE. In company with the Alnwick [Castle].

Friday 25th August.
Light winds & calm during the night. Current setting from 1½ to 2 knots to the westward. At 6am light breeze from the south. Weighed & made sail. At Noon St Nicholas Point EbS. The Button WSW, Cap SSWbW. Lat Obs. 5º 54' S. At 6pm anchored off Baatam P'd Babee from NNEbE to NW. St Nicholas Point It [--] N Extra[?]' to the Eastward SSEbE.

[Page 73:]
Warren Hastings

Saturday 26th August 1815.
Light variable winds & calm with hot sultry weather. AM weighed & stood towards the Alnwick. At 10 Anchored in 13 fms. St Nicholas Point WbN. Pd Babee NE. Extremes to the eastward SEbE. Distance off shore 3 miles. Sailmaker middle stitching best Fore Top sail. Caulker caulkimg the top sides

Sunday 27th August.
Same winds & weather. AM washed the gun deck. Anchored here H. C. Cruizer. A Lieutenant from his Majesty's Ship Volage came on board & pressed 20 men. Confined William Scott Ordinary Seaman in irons for drunkenness.

Monday 28th August.
Same winds & weather. Employed under the Boatswain - washed the gun deck. Found William Gillen Ordinary Seaman missing & suppose him to have gone away in the Cruizer boat. This Log contains 12 hours.

[End of Harbour Journal & start of Ships Log]

Tuesday August 29th 1815.
Light variable winds & hot sultry weather. Caulker on the top sides. Employed repairing the best Fore Top sail under the Boatswain. At ½ past 11am. West Island NEbE. At Noon West Island NEbE, too hazy to see any other land. Commodore NW. Lat 5º 36' S. Long 106º 9' E.

[Page 74:]
Towards China

Wednesday 30th August 1815.
Light variable winds & fair weather. PM too hazy to see the land. Employed as most needful. At ½ past 10am saw the Brothers bearing NW. At Noon the Brothers in one bearing NE. Low land of Sumatra WbN. Knob Hill WbS. Lat 5º 19' S. Long 106º 4' E.

Thursday 31st August.
Light variable wind & mostly fair weather. At ½ past 3 passed the Brothers. At sunset the Brothers SbW Distance 9 miles. At 9am saw two Brigs standing to the southward - showed English Colours. Alnwick Castle 106º 15' E. Lat 4º 23' S. Long 106º 11' E.

[Page 75:]
Warren Hastings

Friday September 1st 1815.
A pleasant breeze & hazy weather. At daylight Sucepara [Sukedana ??] WbN. Hummock on Banea NE. At Noon Sucepara SbE. 1st Point of Sumatra NWbW. Sucepara Point SbW. in 7 fms. Highest hill on Banea in sight NE. Several strangers in sight. In company with Alnwick Lat 3º 6' S. Long 103º 3' E.

Saturday September 2nd.
A pleasant breeze from the SE in the first part, latter very light & variable. At 2pm abreast of 1st false point [--Ph 4?] Abreast of the 2nd Point. At 5pm Great Nanka NW, Little Nanka NbW. 6pm Great Nanka NNEbE. Little Nanka N. Great Parmasang Hill EbS. 3rd Point NWbW. At 8am Extremes of Banca NNE to NW. Sumatra @ SbE to SW. Passed the Carang Bram. 10am Monopin Hill NWbN. At noon Monopin Hill NbW. Carang Bram Rocks ENE.

[Page 76:]
Towards China

Sunday September 3rd 1815.
Light variable winds for the most part & fair weather. At 8pm Anchored in 12 fms. Extremes of Banca @ NbW to EbS. Flag staff at Minto NE. The outer part of Corang Hadgic Rocks NW off shore 6 miles. Monopan Hill NNEbE. Read Divine Service. This weeks expenditure --, Water on board --. Lat 2º 11' S. Long 105º 4' E.

Monday September 4th.
Employed as most useful. Sailmaker middle stitching the best jib. Caulkers on the Top sides.

[Page 77:]

Tuesday September 5th 1815.
Light winds throughout & cloudy weather. Employed as most useful. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Main sail. At Noon Monopin Hill EbS. Batacarang Point WSWbW, Extremes of Banca @ EbNbN to ESE. Lat 1º 57' S. Long 104º 53' E.

Wednesday September 6th 1815.
Light variable winds in the first part & latter parts. middle squally with rain thunder & lightening. At 9am Monopin Hill SEbE. At Noon too hazy to see the land.Lat 1º 35' S.

[Page 78:]
Towards China

Thursday September 7th 1815.
Variable winds throughout with rain in the latter part. At ½ past Noon saw the 7 Islands bearing NEbN. Dist abt [blank] leagues. At 6pm Extremes of the Islands from NEbE to ESE. At 8pm one of the Islands in sight bearing EbN. AM got the Sprit Sail yards in. Tradesmen as yesterdays past. Lat 00º 1' S. Long 105º 41' E.

[The Equator]

Friday September 8th 1815.
A steady breeze & cloudy weather in the first part. middle & latter light & variable with rain. Watch as requisite. At daylight Victory Island NE. Dist about [blank] leagues.AM punished Thomas Connerty Seaman with 2½ dozen lashes for disobedience of orders & insolence. PM Departed this life Bernard Mooney, Ships Cook. Lat 1º 57' N.

[Page 79:]
Warren Hastings

Saturday September 9th 1815.
Light variable winds & cloudy weather. PM committed the body of the deceased to the Deep after the usual ceremony. At 2pm saw Saddle Island bearing NNE. At 3pm White Rock NNW Dist 7 or 8 miles. At sunset Saddle Island NbE. White Rock NbW. Anambas NbE. Distance from the White Rock 5 or 6 miles. 9pm White Rock NbE. At daylight Po. Domar EbS. Extremes of the Anambas @ EbN to NEbE. Aor appearing like 2 islands WSW. At 9am Aor SbW Dist ---. At Noon Po. Timsan SWbW. Alnwick Castle 105º 6' E. Lat 3º 18' N. Long 105º 2' E.

Sunday September 10th 1815.
A steady breeze in the first part middle & latter unsettled squally weather & hard rain. The state of the weather prevented our having Divine Service. This weeks expenditure [blank]. Water on board 16,500 galls. Lat 5º 37' N. Long 106º 3' E.

[Page 80:]
Towards China

Monday September 11th 1815.
Moderate breeze & cloudy weather throughout. Employed trimming ship by the head & as most useful. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Fore sail. Other tradesmen as before. Alnwick Castle 107º 5' E. Lat 7º 17' N. Long 107º 00' E.

Tuesday September 12th 1815.
Steady breeze & cloudy weather. PM Richard Bates Ordinary Seaman fell overboard & was unfortunately drowned although our boat was down almost immediately he fell & every exertion undertaken to save him. Employed as yesterday & getting up the storm Stay sail stays. Alnwick Castle 108º 30' E. Lat 9º 25' N. Long 108º 30' E.

[Page 81:]
Warren Hastings

Wednesday September 13th 1815.
First part unsettled squally weather latter a brisk gale & fair. PM shifted the mizen Top sail with the best. At 4pm clearing up saw the Great Catwick bearing NbW. At ½ past 4pm Great Catwick NbW. Little Catwick NbE. Po. Sapata NbE. Distance 6 or 7 miles. At 6pm Po. Sapata WbN. Great Catwick WbS. At 8pm spoke the Stranger the Santa Rosario from Lisbon. AM Stranger bearing NE showed her Colours English. Employed as yesterday. Alnwick Castle 111º 8' E. Lat 12º 13' N. Long 111º 3' E.

Thursday September 14th 1815.
First part fresh breezes with cloudy weather. Middle dark threatening weather latter squally with rain. At 12 (Midnight) Carried away the fore Top Mast, Studd'g sail boom & split the fore Top Gallant sail. Got another boom on the yard & shifted the Top Gallant sail with the best. Shifted main Top sail & Fore sail with the best. Lat 14º 45' N. Long 113º 30' E.

[Page 82:]
Towards China

Friday September 15th 1815.
First part fresh breezes with squalls & rain. Middle & latter light & variable with rain at times. Shifted the Fore Top sail & Mizen sail with the best. At midnight sounded on the Macclesfield Bank 51 fms. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore Top Gallant sail. Caulker on the top sides. Commodore 114o 36' E. Lat 16º 35' N. Long 114º 30' E.

Saturday September 16th 1815.
Variable winds the first part Latter a brisk breeze from the eastward squalls & rain throughout. Washed the gun deck, otherwise employed under the Boatswain viewing harbour gear. Got the lower studding sail booms in. Lat 19º 5' N. Long 115º 3' E.

[Page 83:]
Warren Hastings

Sunday September 17th 1815.
First part a fresh breeze from the eastward 7 pleasant weather. Latter inclinable to calm & sultry weather. AM bent the cables which prevented our having Divine Service. This weeks expenditure [blank]. Water on board 15,400 galls. Alnwick Castle 114o 48' E. Lat 20º 55' N. Long 114º 42' E.

Monday September 18th 1815.
Light variable winds in the first part 7 latter part, middle moderate breeze & fair. AM Unstowed the anchor. At 10am took a Pilot on board. At daylight saw the Islands bearing WbN to N. very hazy. At 8 the southernmost Island WbS, Asses Ears WNW. At Noon the Great Lima WSW Potoy WbN. Lat 22º 10' N. Long 114º 33' E.

[Page 84:]

Monday continued.
Light variable winds with rain at times. At 4pm Linting WbS. Potas WbN. Lima WbS. Distance off shore 8 or 10 miles. At sunset Great Lima SWbW. Nine Pin NNW. Peak of Linting WbS. South Point of Potas.WbN. This log contains 36 hours & ends at midnight.

[End of Sea Log & beginning of Harbour Journal]

Wednesday 20th September.
A steady breeze from north & fair weather. At 7am weighed.and turned to windward. At 2pm ebb making anchored above Lintin in 6 fms. The Peak SEbE. Employed starting salt water. Employed 13 Chinese to assist in working the ship. Fresh breezes during the night.

Thursday 21 September.
Moderate @ northward & fair. At 7am weighed & turned windward. At 4pm anchored in 10 fms at Churnfree San Pan Chow SW. At 10pm weighed & dressed up with the tide to the entrance of the Boca & anchored in 13 fms. Pumped ship. Bearing at anchor Tiger Island NWbW. San Pan Chow SSE.

[Page 85:]
Warren Hastings

Friday 22nd September 1815.
A pleasant breeze at NE & fine weather. At 9am weighed & dropped through the Boca and at 3pm anchored in 5 fms. 2nd Bar Pagoda NWbN. Tiger Island SbE. at half past 10 weighed & dropped up with the tide just below 2nd Bar. Pagoda bearing NW. found here H.C. Ships Camden & Vansittart.

Saturday 23rd September.
Moderate breeze @ northward & fair weather. At 11am weighed & dropped over the 2nd Bar ½ less 4 fms. Made sail & at 5pm crossed the 1st Bar least water 4 fms. At 6 anchored abreast of Janto River in 7 fms. Down Royal Yards Found here H.C. Ships David Scott, Royal George, Cuffnells, Inglis, Worsley, Hope, Princess Amelia & Walmer Castle, several Country Ships, American Dutch & Swedes.

Sunday 24th September.
Light variable winds & fair weather. AM moved ship & unbent sails. Washed the gun deck.

Monday 25th September.
Northerly winds & fair weather. Unrove the running rigging & got the yards Fore & Aft. Struck the Masts Anchored here the Camden & Vansittart.

Tuesday 26th September.
Light winds from the NE & fair. Employed stripping the Fore Mast. Caulker caulking the Long Boat, hoisted her out. Carpenter building a Rice Room. Armourer at the forge. Received some instructions from Captain Locke. Anchored here the Alnwick Castle.

[Page 86:]
At China

Wednesday 27th September 1815.
A fresh breeze at NE & fair weather. Employed in the fore hold. Starting water. Riggers on the rigging. Carpenters preparing stuff for a Bread Room. Caulker caulking the fall. Pd[?]. sp. Cooper repairing the butts.

Thursday 28th September.
Northerly wind & fair weather. Employed cleaning the fore hold. Riggers rigging the bowsprit & on the fore rigging. Tradesmen as yesterday. Sailmaker on the old main Top Gallant sail.

Friday 29th September.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed clearing the coal hole. Delivering private Trade & as before. Got the Fore rigging over head. Knocked the wedges out fore & against lifted the mast coats. Tradesmen as before.

Saturday 30th September.
Light winds & calm throughout. Employed delivering bales on the account of the Hon'ble Company & flints on private Trade. Boatswain & Gang about rigging. Tradesmen as before. Sent a boat with an officer to attend the funeral of Mr Perron, Purser of the Inglis.

Sunday 1st October 1815.
Calm throughout with hot sultry weather. Rowed Guard. Read Divine Service.

Monday 2nd October.
Same winds & weather. Employed delivering flints & under the Boatswain gammoned the bowsprit. Cooper on the butts.

[Page 87:]
Warren Hastings at Whampoa

Tuesday 3rd October 1815.
Squally from the eastward & rain at times. Delivered the remainder of the Hon Companys Bales & some flints. Boatswain & gang on the Fore Top Mast rigging. Sailmaker making a Main Deck Awning. Caulker caulking the Lazaretto.

Wednesday 4th October.
Moderate breeze @ ESE with rain in the first part, latter fair Employed delivering Flints 7 clearing up the after hold. Boatswain as yesterday. Tradesmen as before.

Thursday 5th October.
Same winds & weather with rain at times. Employed delivering flints & under the Boatswain. Swayed the Fore Top Mast up & rigged it. Sailmaker as before. Cooper on the butts.

Friday 6th October.
Moderate breezes @ ESE much rain at times. Employed delivering private Trade & under the Boatswain. Caulker caulking the great cabin. AM a Mandarin came on board & measured the ship.

Saturday 7th October.
Light breezes south easterly with showers at times. Employed delivering Lead on account of Captain & officers. Boatswain & gang about the rigging. Caulker caulking the cabins in the Storage.

Sunday 8th October.
Mostly calm with fair weather. AM washed decks above & below. Pumped ship.

[Page 88:]
Warren Hastings at Whampoa

Monday 19th October 1815.
Same winds with hot sultry weather. Employed delivering private Trade on account of Captain & officers, and about the rigging.

Tuesday 10th October.
Calm throughout with sultry weather, thunder & lightening. Employed delivering flints AM stripped the Main Mast. Caulker on the water way seams and the gun deck. Armourer at the forge.

Wednesday 11th October.
Same winds & weather. Employed as yesterday & in the hold. A gang on the main rigging. Tradesmen variously employed. Arrived an American [ship].

Thursday 12th October.
Variable winds @ NE to SE & cloudy weather with vivid flashes of lightening. Employed in the hold & delivering private Trade. Got the rain rigging over head. Carpenter building store rooms. Sailmaker repairing studding sails.

[Page 89:]
Warren Hastings at Whampoa

Friday 13th October 1815.
Variable winds mostly from the southward with sultry weather. Employed delivering Company Lead & receiving ballast. Boatswain & gang turning in the Main rigging afresh. Tradesmen as yesterday. Discharged all Coolies. Arrived here H.C. Ship Ceres & General Harris.

Saturday 14th October.
Same winds & weather. Employed taking in ballast and about the rigging. Tradesmen as necessary. Cooper about the butts.

Sunday 15th October.
Mostly calm & fair weather. Washed decks above & below. Read Divine Service & mustered the Ships Company. Pumped ship.

Monday 16th October.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed clearing the fore hold watered the Lazaretto & found it tight. Punished Thomas Jones, Francis Scott & John Swallow with 1½ dozen lashes for drunkenness & riotous conduct at Canton.

[Page 90:]
Warren Hastings at Whampoa

Tuesday 17th October 1815.
Same wind & weather. Employed stowing butts in the Lazaretto & clearing the fore hold. Caulker caulking the fore castle. Carpenter building corn bins.

Wednesday 18th October.
Light winds chiefly from the southward with sultry weather. Employed in the hold and about the rigging. Fidded Top Mast. Gunner painting ship.

Thursday 19th October.
Same winds & weather. Employed clearing the lumbers. Set the bob stays & fore rigging up. Tradesmen as useful.

Friday 20th October.
A pleasant breeze @ NW & fair. Employed in the hold & setting the rigging up. Gunner finishing the outside. Carpenter fitting coats to bowsprit & lower masts. Blacked the bends.

[Page 91:]
Warren Hastings at Whampoa

Saturday 21st October 1815.
Fresh breezes from the northward & clear weather. Employed in the hold. Roused the sheet & small Bower cables up. Built the bulkhead & coiled them down again. Received some ballast.

Sunday 22nd October.
More moderate from the northward & fair. AM washed decks above & below & mustered the Ships Company

Monday 23rd Octiber.
Wind & weather as yesterday. cleared up the Orlop [deck] for surveying. At 2pm Mr Armstow, several Commanders, carpenters & caulkers surveyed the ship & reported her ready for sea. Roused up the bower cable to build the bulk head.

Tuesday 24th October.
Lght winds northerly & cloudy weather. Employed receiving ballast. Carpenter finished the bulk heads in cable tree. Payed the best bower down again. Boatswain & gang rigging the Top sail yards. AM confined in irons Richard Griffin, Boatswains Mate for insolence.

[Page 92:]
Warren Hastings at Whampoa

Wednesday 25th October 1815.
Same wind & weather. Employed in the hold restoring the kentledge. Boatswain fitting the lower yards. Carpenter & crew building the Bread Room. Armourer at the forge. Arrived here H.C. Ship Lowther Castle.

Thursday 26th October.
Light winds variable & calm. People under the Boatswain. Carpenter as yesterday. Gunner painting the small Cutter.

Friday 27th October.
Same winds & weather. Employed as yesterday.

Saturday 28th October.
Light winds northerly inclinable to calm with sultry weather. At daylight departed this life suddenly John Alvarez Seaman. Employed in shifting ballast & under the Boatswain. Found the larboard main yard arm a little decayed, clapped a fish on it. Washed the gun deck. PM sent the deceased on shore to be interred. Pumped ship.

[Page 93:]
Warren Hastings at Whampoa

Sunday 29th October 1815.
Light winds variable & calm cloudy weather. Mustered the Ships Company.

Monday 30th October.
Wind & weather as for days past. Employed levelling the main hold for cargo & about the rigging. Carpenter & crew building store rooms. Arrived here H.C. Ships Bridgewater & Atlas.

Tuesday 31st October.
Light winds variable & hot sultry weather. Employed in the hold & stowing provisions in the full. Boatswain & gang about the rigging. Carpenter as yesterday.

Wednesday 1st November 1815.
Same winds & weather Employed clearing the Orlop deck & in the hold. Caulker caulking the gun room. Riggers about the rigging. Carpenter as before.

[Page 94:]
Warren Hastings at Whampoa

Thursday 2nd November 1815.
Wind NE with rain during the day. Employed clearing the after Orlop & as necessary under the Boatswain. Tradesmen as before.

Friday 3rd November.
Same winds & weather. Employed receiving water & stowing it in the Lazaretto. A gang about the rigging Tradesmen as necessary.

Saturday 4th November.
Hard rain throughout. Employed under the Boatswain.

Sunday 5th November.
Light breezes from the NE with cloudy weather. Washed the upper & lower decks. Sailed the Royal George for the 2nd Bar.

[Page 95:]
Warren Hastings at Whampoa

Monday 6th November 1815.
Light northerly winds & cloudy weather with drizzling rain. Employed delivering Company Lead & receiving Boheas [Chinese Tea]. Caulker caulking the wedges of the masts. Sailmaker uping the Main Top Gallant Stay sail.

Tuesday 7th November.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed receiving Teas on account of the Hon'ble Company & delivering lead. Caulker caulking the Quick work on the Quarter Deck.

Wednesday 8th November.
Wind northerly & cloudy weather. Employed stowing Teas, delivered the remainder of the Hon'ble Company's lead. Tradesmen as necessary.

Thursday 9th November.
Same winds & weather. Employed in the hold, Boatswain about the rigging. Carpenter building store rooms. Armourer at the forge.

[Page 96:]
Warren Hastings at Whampoa

Friday 10th November 1815.
Same winds & weather. Employed as yesterday. Tradesmen as necessary.

Saturday 11th November.
A steady breeze at NE & fair weather. Employed receiving Teas on account of the Hon'ble Company. Found a great many of the chests very much broken. Wrote to Sir George Staunton acquainting him of the circumstances. Released Richard Griffin Boatswains Mate on promise of future good behaviour. Passed by for the 2nd Bar the Worsley & Walmer Castle.

Sunday 12th November.
Wind northerly & cloudy with rain at times. Fidded Top Gallant Masts & crossed the yards. Got the Jib Boom out, some hands in the hold. Pumped ship.

Monday 13th November.
Wind as yesterday with drizzling rain. Employed stowing Teas. A gang under the Boatswain serving running rigging & as necessary. Tradesmen as necessary.

[Page 97:]
Warren Hastings at Whampoa

Tuesday 14th November 1815.
Wind SE & cloudy weather. Employed receiving Teas on account of the Hon'ble Company & private Trade. Found several of the Hon'ble Company's Chests broken & wanting a rattan lashing. Wrote to Sir George Staunton to that effect.. Sent a boat to attend the funeral of Mr Winn late Purser of the Charles Grant. Sailed the Ships Amelia & Hope for the 2nd Bar.

Wednesday 15th November.
Blowing fresh from the north & cloudy weather. Employed stowing Teas & under the Boatswain. Variously employed.

Thursday 16th November.
Same winds fair weather. Employed receiving Teas on account of the Hon'ble Company & under the Boatswain. Sent the large Cutter to assist the Herefordshire over the 2nd Bar.

Friday 17th Novembe.r
Blowing fresh from the NE & fair weather. Sent 62 Chests of the Hon'ble Company's Treasure up to Canton in the Long Boat with the Cutter attending, well manned & armed. Employed stowing Teas. Draft of water Fore 20. Aft 17.8 fms.

[Page 98:]
Warren Hastings at Whampoa

Saturday 18th November 1815.
Moderate breezes from the NE & fair. Employed receiving Teas on account of the Hon'ble Company. Arrived here H.C. Ships Herefordshire & Kid [General Kyd}. The large Cutter returned Tradesmen variously employed.

Sunday 19th November.
Wind northerly & fair weather. Washed the gun deck & mustered the Ships Company. Pumped ship. Draft of water 20.2 Fore. 18.4 Aft.

Monday 20th November.
Light winds inclinable to calms & pleasant weather. Got a pull of the Bob Stays, Stayed the masts & set the rigging up, otherwise in the hold stowing Teas. Received some Teas on private Trade.

Tuesday 21st November.
Wind northerly & pleasant weather. Employed in receiving & stowing Teas on account of the Hon'ble Company, otherwise under the Boatswain. Caulker caulking between the Bitts - other. Tradesmen variously employed.

[Page 99:]
Warren Hastings at Whampoa

Wednesday 22nd November 1815.
Light northerly winds & fair. Employed in the hold stowing Teas. Carpenter making a Flying Jib Boom. A gang about the rigging. Draft of water Fore 20fms Aft 19.2.

Thursday 23rd November.
Light airs northerly & fine weather. AM shifted the outer best Bower for a small Bower & spliced the space cable to the best for an Inner best Bower. Clapped whole & half cable services on the Bower. Carpenter making Top Mast Studding sail booms. Other Tradesmen useful.

Friday November 24th.
Variable winds & pleasant weather. Set up Top Gallant rigging. Got the Studding sail booms on the yards, otherwise employed as most use. Draft of water 20.1 Fore. 19.2 Aft.

Saturday 25th November.
Same winds & weather. Employed receiving Teas on account of the Hon'ble Company. Got the Flying Jib boom out. Draft of water 20 fms Fore. 19.9 Aft.

[Page 100:]
Warren Hastings at Whampoa

Sunday 26th November 1815.
Mostly calm with cloudy hot weather. Washed decks above & below. Passed by for the 2nd Bar the Charles Grant, Essex & David Scott.

Monday 27th November.
A moderate breeze at NE & fair for the most part. People on liberty. Passed by the Inglis & Vansittart for the 2nd Bar.

Tuesday 28th November.
Same winds, cloudy weather with rain at times. Received 2 Chops of Company's Teas. The Camden passed by for the 2nd Bar. Hoisted the Colours half mast on account of the death of Mr Pattle, supra cargo. At Noon the Bridgewater fired minute guns. Arrived an American.

Wednesday 29th November.
A steady breeze throughout & cloudy weather. At daylight found the large Cutter stolen from alongside. Bent sails & prepared for moving to the 2nd Bar,

[Page 101:]
Warren Hastings at the 2nd Bar

Thursday 30th November 1815.
A fresh breeze at NE & cloudy weather. Unmoored the ship & prepared for going to the 2nd Bar. Sailed the Ceres for 2nd Bar.

Friday 1st December 1815.
Moderate breezes northerly & cloudy weather. As 10am weighed & made sail. At 11 crossed the 1st Bar, least water 4 fms. At 4pm crossed the 2nd Bar, least water 4 fms. At half past four anchored with the best Bower. Moved ship a cable each way. Unbent sails & down Top Gallant & Royal yards.

Saturday 2nd December.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed stowing Teas & receiving Water. Arrived here the Alnwick Castle.

Sunday 3rd December.
Northerly winds & cloudy weather. Washed decks above & below & mustered the Ships Company. Pumped Ship.

[Page 102:]
Warren Hastings, 2nd Bar

Monday 4th December 1815.
A fresh breeze at NE & cloudy weather. Unstowed the booms & caulked the deck amidships. Hoisted in the Long Boat, otherwise employed as necessary.

Tuesday 5th December.
Blowing fresh in the first part & cloudy weather. Latter more moderate & fair. Employed restowing the boom & receiving water, otherwise clearing the fore Orlop.

Wednesday 6th December.
Moderate breeze @ NW & cloudy weather. Employed making the sails up afresh & lashing water butts on the upper deck, otherwise clearing the fore Orlop. Sailed hence the Princess Amelia, Royal George, Cuffnells, Hope, Warley & Walmer Castle.

Thursday 7th December.
Wind northerly & fair weather. Employed under the Boatswain. Gunner painting the Quarter Deck.

[Page 103:]
Warren Hastings, 2nd Bar

Friday 8th December 1815.
Wind northerly & fair throughout. AM got a pull at the bobstays. Stayed the Fore Mast & set the rigging up. Gunner & crew as yesterday.

Saturday 9th December.
Wind & weather as yesterday. AM stayed the Main & Mizen Masts & set the rigging up. Washed the gun deck. Carpenter lining the posts & scuttles.

Sunday 10th December.
Same winds & weather. AM read Divine Service & mustered the Ships Company.

Monday 11th December.
Fresh breezes throughout with clear weather. AM cleared hawser. Employed receiving Tea on Hon'ble Company's account. Carpenter overhauling the Tiller & Sweep. Scrubbed hammocks.

[Page 104:]
Warren Hastings, 2nd Bar

Tuesday 12th December 1815.
More moderate & fair. Employed receiving Teas on account of the Hon'ble Company, also officers private Trade. Rattling the rigging down. Caulker caulking the Quarter Deck. Wrote to Sir George Staunton acquainting him that upward of three hundred chests in the 2 last chops were very much broken.

Wednesday 13th December.
Light winds @ NE & clear weather. Employed stowing Teas & under the Boatswain. Gunner painting the masts.

Thursday 14th December.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed under the Boatswain. Blacked the yards & scraped & cleaned the gun deck.

Friday 15th December.
Light winds northerly & cloudy with small rain at times. Received the remainder of our water, otherwise under the Boatswain. Sailmaker on the 2nd best Main Top sail.

[Page 105:]
Warren Hastings, 2nd Bar

Saturday 16th December 1815.
Variable winds from NE with constant rain. Employed receiving Teas on account of the Hon'ble Company & clearing the gun room for dry provisions.

Sunday 17th December.
Wind & weather as yesterday. AM cleared between decks & mustered the Ships Company.

Monday 18th December.
Light winds & calms with small rain & thick foggy weather. Employed stowing the Gun Room & securing butts in the waste, otherwise at Junk work.

Tuesday 19th December.
Fresh breezes from the northward & fair. Employed stowing Teas in the after Orlop, otherwise under the Boatswain. AM washed the gun deck. Arrived from Whampoa the Lowther Castle. Gunner painting ship.

[Page 106:]
Warren Hastings, 2nd Bar

Wednesday 20th December 1815.
Fresh breezes in the first part, light variable winds & calm towards the latter. At 1pm departed this life Mr Robert Hitchins, 3rd Officer. At 8 hoisted our Colours half mast. At Noon the body of the deceased was sent to Whampoa to be interred by a boat from each ship. Employed receiving private Trade on account of Captain & Officers.

Thursday 21 December.
Light winds north easterly & fair. Employed receiving Tea on account of the Hon'ble Company & ships dry provisions. The Cutter that was stolen at Whampoa was returned this day.

Friday 22nd December.
Same winds & weather. Employed receiving Teas on account of the Hon'ble Copany. Boatswain fitting new Mizen Top Mast backstay. Caulker caulking the bends. Gunner painting ship.

Saturday 23rd December.
Moderate breezes from the NE & fair. Employed receiving Teas on account of the Hon'ble Company. Gunner & caulker as before. Cleared hawse. Draft of water Fore 22.5 fms, Aft 21.3. Arrived from Whampoa Atlas.

[Page 107:]
Warren Hastings, 2nd Bar

Sunday 24th December 1815.
Fresh breezes from the NE. Washed decks above & below.

Monday 25th December.
Moderate breezes from the NE & fine weather. Employed stowing Tea & as necessary under the Boatswain. Draft of water 22.6 Fore, 21.7 Aft. Came down the Bridgewater.

Tuesday 26th December.
Light variable winds & fair weather. Employed as necessary under the Boatswain. Tradesmen as before.

Wednesday 27th December.
Fresh breezes at intervals from the NE & fair. Employed receiving Teas on account of the Hon'ble Company. Tradesmen variously employed.

[Page 108:]
Warren Hastings, 2nd Bar

Thursday 28th December 1815.
A moderate breeze northerly & clear weather. Employed stowing the Orlop. Bent sails. Blacked the bends.

Friday 29th December.
Light winds & fair weather. Employed stowing Teas under the Boatswain. Cleared hawse.

Saturday 30th December.
Light winds in the first part increasing latterly with clear weather. AM washed the gun deck. Pumped ship. Draft of water Fore 22.10, Aft 21.4.

Sunday 31st December.
Wind & weather as yesterday. AM mustered the Ships Company.

[Page 109:]
Warren Hastings, 2nd Bar

Monday January 1st 1816.
Light winds & fair weather throughout. Employed receiving & stowing Teas. Crossed Top Gallant yards. Arrived a Country Ship from Bengal.

Tuesday January 2nd.
Same winds & weather. Employed stowing Teas & under the boatswain. Cleared hawse.

Wednesday 3rd January.
Moderate breezes from the northward & cloudy weather. Washed the gun deck, otherwise preparing for sea. Sailed the Essex for Lintin.

Thursday 4th January.
Light winds & fair throughout. Received the remainder of the Hon,ble Company's Teas & St Helena stores. Set the Top Mast rigging up. Draft of water Fore 22.9 fms, Aft 22.1.

[Page 110:]
Warren Hastings, 2nd Bar

Friday 5th January 1816.
Same winds & weather. Received the Chow Chow Chop, otherwise employed as necessary.

Saturday 6th January.
Same winds & weather. Employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker making hammocks for the Chinese.

Sunday 7th January.
Light winds & calm with fair weather. AM loosed sails to air. Washed the gun deck & mustered the Ships Company.

Monday 8th January.
Blowing fresh throughout the clear weather. AM unmoored ship otherwise getting ready for sea.

[Page 111:]

Warren Hastings at Lintin

Tuesday 9th January.
Moderate breezes from the northerly & fair weather. AM washed between decks otherwise as necessary. PM Pilot came on board.

Wednesday 10th January.
Same winds & weather. At daylight weighed & made all sail. At 10am passed the Bocca & at 8pm anchored at Lintin in 10 fms. The Peak bearing ENE. Loaded the guns.

Thursday 11th January.
A light breeze from the northward in the first part, latter from the SW & fair weather. AM Mr Winston came on board & inspected the ship. At 10am weighed & at 3pm came to in 5 fms just above the Nine Islands. Received our Chinese, 34 in number.

Friday 12th January.
A pleasant breeze at NE & fair. A daylight weighed & at 10am came to in Macao Roads in 4 fms. The Town WbN. Body of the Nine Islands NW. Off shore 4 miles. Down Royal & Top Gallant yards.

[Page 112:]
Warren Hastings at Lintin

Saturday 13th January 1816.
Light winds & fair weather. Crossed Top Gallant yards. Washed the gun deck. Arrived here H.M.S. Horatio from England.

Sunday 14th January.
Same winds & weather. AM Read Divine Service & mustered Ships Company.

Monday 15th January.
Light winds variable & cloudy weather. AM weighed & made sail. At 1pm anchored. At 3pm a breeze sprang up from the SW. Weighed & at 6pm anchored at Lintin with the best Bower in 11 fms. Peak bearing ENE. Down Royal yards.

Tuesday 16th January.
Same winds & weather. Employed filling up our water and under the Boatswain. Sailmaker making a small jib.

[Page 113:]
Warren Hastings at Lintin

Wednesday 17th January 1816.
Light winds & calm with fair weather. Completed our water otherwise as necessary. Sailmaker middle stitching best Mizen Top sail. Tradesmen as useful.

Thursday 18th January.
Moderate breezes @ NW & fair. AM anchored here remainder of our Fleet. Mr Ward, Purser joined the ship with the Hon'ble Company's Dispatches.

Friday 19th January.
Light variable winds & calm. Employed working up junk. At Noon received instructions from Captain Locke. At 5pm Signal 28. Hoisted in the boats.

Saturday 20th January.
A light breeze from the northward and fair. At 5am Signal prepare to weigh. Hove short & at daylight weighed & made sail. At Noon the Nine Islands WNW in 5 fms. Lat Observed 22º

6' N. In company with the Hon'ble Company's Ships David Scott, Bridgewater, General Harris, Camden, Essex, Lowther Castle, Charles Grant, Alnwick Castle, Inglis, Atlas, Ceres & Vansittart. Draft of water Fore 23.2 fms, Aft 22.2. Water on board 20,520 galls.

[End of Harbour Journal]

[Page 114:]

[Start of Sea Log]

Warren Hastings from China towards England

Sunday 21st January 1816.
C&D SW137. First part light airs & calm increasing to a steady breeze & thick cloudy weather. At 6pm Tyloshow Island SEbE, Cabarita Point NWbW, Potoc Island South. Distance 6 or 7 miles. Too much motion to perform Divine Service. I take my departure from the place we were at anchor. At 4pm Lat 22º 8' N. Long 113º 38' E. Lat 20º 22' N. Long 112º 8' E.

Monday 22nd January.
C&D SW166. A fresh monsoon throughout & thick hazy weather with rain. Confined in irons William Scott Seamen for theft. At ½ past 11 Commodore hove to pick a man who had fallen overboard. Man saved. At Noon held a Court of Enquiry on the prisoner, found he had been guilty of many thefts. Punished him with 3½ dozen lashes. Lat 18º 3' N. Long 110º 33' E.

[Page 115:]
Warren Hastings from China

Tuesday 23rd January 1816.
C&D SW142. First & last parts a brisk monsoon, latter light airs, cloudy weather & drizzly rain at times. Stowed the sheet anchor & unbent the cable, otherwise employed as necessary. At 9pm departed this life James Cunningham, Butcher. At Noon committed the body of the deceased to the .Deep after the usual ceremony. Lat 15º 49' N. Long 109º 52' E.

Wednesday 24th January.
C&D S42. Light easterly winds throughout & fair weather. Washed the gun deck. At 8am saw the land about Buffalo Island bearing from SWbW to SWbS. Distance 14 or 15 Leagues. Lat 14º 39' N. Long 109º 52' E.

[Page 116:]
Towards England

Thursday 25th January 1816.
C&D NEbE57. Light variable winds & pleasant weather. Mean of Fleet Long 109º 40' East. Employed under the Boatswain working up junk. Lat 13º 33' N. Long 110º 9' E.

Friday 26th January.
C&D SE147. AM increasing breeze & fine pleasant weather. Mean of Fleet Long 109º 50' E. Employed as yesterday. Lat 11º 00' N. Long 110º 24' E.

[Page 117:]
Warren Hastings from China

Saturday 27th January 1816.
C&D SW192. Steady breeze & fair weather. AM washed the gun deck & exercised at Quarters. Lat 7º 59' N. Long 110º 00' E.

Sunday 28th January 1816.
C&D SW161. Pleasant breeze & mostly fair weather. Mean of Fleet Long 109º 21' E. AM performed Divine Service. Lat 5º 20' N. 109º 44' E.

[Page 118:]
Towards England

Monday 29th January 1816.
C&D SE83. Mean of fleet Long 108º 36' E. First part a steady breeze & cloudy weather. Middle & latter unsettled weather with hard rain. Employed as necessary. At 8am clearing up a little Supposed we saw the land bearing WbS. At Noon too hazy to see the land. Lat 3&'186 57' N. Long 109º 55' E.

Tuesday 30th January 1816.
C&D SW140. An increasing breeze in the first part, Latter moderate cloudy weather. At 2pm saw the Great Natuna bearing West. At sunset the Islands @ NbW to WNW. Peak NWbW. South Natunas @ mast head about SEbS. At ½ past 10am saw the Tambelans bearing SWbS. At Noon Body of the Islands SW distance 10 or 12 Leagues. Lat 1º 2' N. Long 109º 38' E.

[Equator]

[Page 119:]
Warren Hastings from China

Wednesday 31st January 1816.
C&D SW95. Mean of the Fleet. Long 108º 00' E. First part a moderate breeze & fair weather. middle squally Latter light airs & hot sultry weather. At sunset the Tambelans from SWW to West. Peak on the largest Island WSW. At sunrise saw the Island of St Barbe bearing NWbN. Lat 00º 24' S. Long 109º 16' E.

Thursday 1st February 1816.
C&D SE45. Light variable winds & hot sultry weather. AM set the Top Gallant rigging up. Lat 1º 33' S. Long 109º 25' E

[Page 120:]
Toward England

Friday 2nd February 1816.
Mean of 8 Ships. Long 107º 47' E. Light breezes in the first part & middle part latter moderate & hazy weather. Employed under the Boatswain. At sunrise saw the land bearing from SbW to SE. At Noon the Island of Billeton from EbS. to SW. Gasper Island WbN. Distance about 6 Leagues. Lat 2º 29' S. Long 107º 20' E.

Saturday 3rd February 1816.
Mean of Fleet Lon 107o 24' E. A pleasant breeze in the first part & fair. Middle& latter squally & unsettled weather. At 4pm Gasper Island North. Po. Broca WNW. Body of Middle Island South. At 6pm Gasper Island NE. Rocky Po. WbS. Island in Bay WbN. Barn Island SEbE. Saddle Island SEbE. too hazy to distinguish entrance point. At daylight Land Point on Banca WbS. Entrance point WbN. Rocky Point WbN. Small Island NE. Barn Island EbN. Saddle Island EbN. Po Leat EbN. At 8am Barn Island NEbE. Saddle Island NEbE. Entrance Point NWbW. Body of Po Leat NEbE. Lat 3º 40' S. Long 106º 40' E.

[Page 121:]
Warren Hastings from China

Sunday 4th February 1816.
Fresh breeze in the first & middle parts with cloudy weather, latter moderate breeze & fine weather . At 7am saw the Brothers SbW. At 8am the Brothers SW. Knobs Hill SWbW. Extremes of Sumatra NNW to SWbW. At Noon St Nicholas Point SW. High land of Sumatra SW. North Island SbW. Tutphen Islands SbW. The Brothers not in sight. Lat 5º 22' S.

Monday 5th February.
Light breezes & fine weather in the first & latter parts. Middle squally with rain thunder & lightening. When at anchor at 6pm, St Nicholas Point ESE. North Island NbE. Thwart Way SE. Batton SE. Tutphen Islands SW to W. North Island N. Dist off shore 3 miles. At Noon Peak of Crockatoa WbS. Body of Thwart Way NEbN. st Nicholas Point NEbE. Tamarin Island WNW. Angier Point EbN.

[Page 122:]
Towards England

Tuesday 6th February 1816.
Light variable winds & sultry weather. When at anchor at 6pm. Peak Crockatoa SW. Point Sleben NE. TEE Clip NW. high land of Sumatra NNE. At Noon Crockatoa Island EbS. to ESE. Body of Point Sleben ENE. Peak of Princes Island NE. Long 105º 23' E. Peak of Crockatoa bearing SE. Dist 6 miles. Lat 6º 5' S.

Wednesday 7th February 1816.
Light variable winds with calm & cloudy weather. At sunset extreme of land to the northward WNW. Peak of Crockatoa EbS. Extremes of Princes Island to southward SbE. At daylight Peakk of Princes Island SEbS. Peak Crockatoa EbN. Extremes to the northward NWbN. At Noon the Peak of Crockatoa EbN. Land of Sumatra bearing N. too hazy to see the Extremes. At Noon the David Scott hoisted her Colours to part. Received instructions from Capt. Hughes Lat 6º 18' S. Long 104º 37' E.

[Page 123:]
Warren Hastings from China

Thursday 8th February 1816.
C&D SW69. Light variable winds & hot sultry weather. Stowed the anchor unbent the cables & took off the service. At 5pm the Peak of Crockatoa EbN. Extremes of land to the northward NW. At daylight part of Sumatra bearing NNE. At Noon Land on Sumatra NE. All 13 ships in sight. I take my departure from Crockatoa allowing it to be 50 miles distant at 5pm & its Lat 6o 9' S. & Long 105o 25' E. Lat 6º 23' S. Long 104º 16' E.

Friday 9th February 1816.
C&D SW72. First & latter parts a moderate breeze & fine weather. Middle part unsettled weather with rain thunder & lightening. At 11pm Split Fore & Main Top Gallant sail & Flying Jib. Shifted them with the best. Sailmaker making a new Fore Top Gallant sail. Lat 7º 14' S. Long 103º 56' E.

[Page 124:]
Towards England

Saturday 10th February 1816.
C&D SWbS60. Light variable winds throughout & unsettled rainy weather in the latter part. Washed the gun deck & exercised at Quarters. At Noon part of the Fleet in sight. Lat 8º 9' S. Long 103º 22' E.

Sunday 11th February 1816.
C&D SW55. Light variable winds & cloudy weather for the most part. AM read Divine Service. Mustered the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure --, Water on boards --- galls. In company with the Bridgewater & Atlas. Seven of the other ships in sight. Lat 9º 7' S. Long 102º 52' E.

[Page 125:]
Warren Hastings from China

Monday 12th February 1816.
C&D SW60. An increasing breeze in the first part, middle & latter light & variable. Employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Top Gallant sail. Other ships in sight. Lat 10º.50' S. Long 102º 9' E.

Tuesday 13th February 1816.
C&D SW132. Pleasant breeze throughout increasing in the latter part fair weather. PM shifed the Main Top sail with best. Employed working up Junk & as yesterday. Lat 11º 27' S. Long 100º 44' E.

[Page 126:]
Towards England

Wednesday 14th February 1816.
C&D SW163. A brisk Trade throughout, mostly fair weather. Employed as yesterday. The 2 sails seen at 7am proved to be the General Harris & Alnwick Castle. Lat 15º 4' S. Long 98º 30' E.

Thursday 15th February 1816.
C&D SW219. A fresh Trade throughout & fine pleasant weather. Employed variously. Shifted the Mizen Top Gallant sail with the old one. At daylight the Harris & Alnwick not in sight. Lat 14º 27' S. Long 94º 56' E.

[Page 127:]
Warren Hastings from China

Friday 16th February 1816.
C&D SW205. A pleasant Trade throughout and fair weather. Shifted the Main Top Gallant sail with the old one. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top sail. People working up Junk. Lat 15º 30' S. Long 91º 42' E.

Saturday 17th February 1816.
C&D SW163. Same wind & weather. AM washed the gun deck & mustered at Quarters. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 16º 26' S. Long 89º 6' E.

[Page 128:]
Towards England

Sunday 18th February 1816.
C&D SW161. Same wind & weather. AM read Divine Service & mustered the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 1008. Water on board 16,200 galls. Lat 17º 24' S. Long 86º 31' E.

Monday 19th February 1816.
C&D SW193. A brisk Trade throughout mostly fair weather. A swell from the southward. Sailmaker on the old Main Top sail. Bent the small Jib. Lat 18º 36' S. Long 83º 23' E.

[Page 129:]
Warren Hastings from China

Tuesday 20th February 1816.
C&D SW169. A pleasant Trade & fine weather. Swell still continues. As 8pm Departed this life John Martin, Ordinary Seaman. Employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker as before. AM committed the body of the deceased to the Deep after the usual ceremony. Lat 19º 40' S. Long 80º 37' E.

Wednesday 21st February 1816.
C&D SW166. A brisk Trade & cloudy weather. AM got a pull of the Bob Stays & set the Fore & Main rigging up. Lat 20º 46' S. Long 78º 3' E.

[Page 130:]
Towards England

Thursday 22nd February 1816.
C&D SW189. A strong Trade throughout with squalls at times. People as necessary. Sailmaker repairing the old Flying Job. Under easy sail throughout for the Atlas. Lat 21º 53' S. Long 74º 51' E.

Friday 23rd February 1816.
C&D SW191. A brisk Trade & cloudy weather. Employed as yesterday. AM stayed the Mizen Mast & set the rigging up. Lat 22º 52' S. Long 71º 25' E.

[Page 131:]
Warren Hastings from China

Saturday 24th February 1816.
C&D SW164. A moderate Trade & cloudy weather throughout. AM washed between decks & exercised great guns. Got the Flying Boom in & shifted the Jib with the small one. Under easy sail throughout. Lat 23º 32' S. Long 68º 41' E.

Sunday 25th February 1816.
C&D SW197. Brisk gale throughout with hard squalls in the middle part. Bent the best Fore Top Mast & Mizen Stay sail. Too much motion to admit of our performing Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 976. Water on board 15,224 galls. Lat 24º 12' S. Long 65º 11' E.

[Page 132:]
Towards England

Monday 26th February 1816.
Decreasing breeze & fair weather, much lightening from the westward during the night. AM shifted Courses & Fore & Mizen Top sails with the best. Under easy sail throughout. Lat 24º 46' S. Long 62º 17' E.

Tuesday 27th February.
C&D SW54. Light breezes & fair weather. A large swell from the ESE. Shifted the Main Top Mast Stay sail & Mizen Top Gallant sail with the best. Sailmaker repairing the large Jib. Lat 25º 1' S. Long 61º 20' E.

[Page 133:]
Warren Hastings from China

Wednesday 28th February 1816.
C&D SW82. Light Airs in the first part, Middle increasing to a pleasant breeze. fair throughout. People working up Junk. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top Mast Stay sail. Under easy sail throughout. Lat 25º 18' S. Long 59º 50' E.

Thursday 29th February.
C&D SW152. Moderate breeze throughout first part fair. Latter cloudy with showers of rain. People variously employed. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top Mast Stay sail. Lat 26º 8' S. Long 57º 12' E.

[Page 134:]
Towards England

Friday 1st March 1816.
C&D SW122. First part a fresh breeze from the NE & cloudy weather decreasing in the middle part, Latter shift to the southward with dark unsettled rainy weather. A confused sea which makes the ship send deep at times. Bent the storm Stay sails. Lat 26º 35' S. Long 55º 00' E.

Saturday 2nd March.
C&D SW121. Breeze increasing to a stiff gale with hard gusts & rain in the middle part. Latter more moderate & fair. AM scraped & cleaned the gun deck. At daylight the Atlas just in sight ahead. Lat 26o 38' S. Long 52o 44' E.

[Page 135:]
Warren Hastings from China

Sunday 3rd March 1816.
C&D West59. Moderate breezes in the first part, middle & latter light variable airs , fair weather. The variableness of the wind prevented our having Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 1080 Water on board 14,144 gals. Atlas in company. Lat 26º 39' S. Long 51º 38' E.

Monday 4th March.
C&D SW111. Light airs in the first part increasing to a pleasant breeze & fair weather. Employed working up Junk. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore Top sail. Shifted the Driver, Mizen Top Gallant & Main Royal with the best. Lat 27º 5' S. Long 49º 50' E.

[Page 136:]
Towards England

Tuesday 5th March.
C&D SW185. Fresh breeze throughout & fair weather. Employed making Points & Rope bands. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 28º 21' S. Long 46º 44' E.

Wednesday 6th March.
C&D SW206. Fresh breezes throughout & cloudy weather with squalls & rain in the middle part. Employed as yesterday. Sailmaker repairing the Lower studding sail. Lat 29º 28' S. Long 45º 4' E.

[Page 137:]
Warren Hastings from China

Thursday 7th March 1816.
C&D SW198. Fresh gales throughout with squalls & rain for the most part. Employed filling salt water to trim ship & as necessary. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Royal. Lat 30º 48' S. Long 39º 16' E.

Friday 8th March 1816.
C&D SW206. Strong breezes in the first & middle parts Latter moderate squally with showers of rain throughout. Employed as yesterday. Sailmaker repairing the old Mizen Top Gallant sail. Lat 32º 12' S. Long 35º 52' E.

[Page 138:]
Towards England

Saturday 9th March 1816.
C&D SW141. Moderate breezes from the SEbE to SSW. Cloudy weather with rain in the first part, latter fair Washed the gun deck & mustered at Quarters. Sailmaker on the 2nd best Fore Top sail. Lat 33º 6' S. Long 33º 20' E.

Sunday 10th March.
C&D SW160. A moderate breeze in the first part increasing in the middle to a brisk gale Latter more moderate & fair. An unpleasant swell which makes the ship very uneasy & prevented our having Divine Service. The weeks expenditure 1080. Water on board 13,064 Galls. Under easy sail for the Atlas hull down at daylight. Lat 34º 29' S. Long 30º 36' E.

[Page 139:]
Warren Hastings from China

Monday 11th March 1816.
C&D SW193. Brisk gale throughout & thick hazy weather. At 4am carried away the Driver boom. AM unstowed the Starboard boom to get out a spar for a Driver boom. Sailmaker on the 2nd Fore sail. Shifted the Driver with the Mizen. Lat 35º 28' S. Long 26º 53' E.

Tuesday 12th March 1816.
C&D SW91. Moderate breeze from the eastward in the first part, middle & latter variable, cloudy weather. Employed under the Boatswain. Carpenter making a Driver Boom. Lat 35º 46' S. Long 25º 1' E.

[Page 140:]
Towards England

Wednesday 13th March 1816.
C&D NW101. Fresh breezes throughout with cloudy weather. Employed as necessary. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd Main sail. Carpenter as before. Lat 35º 28' S. Long 23º 8' E.

Thursday 14th March.
C&D SW17. Brisk gale in the first part middle, light variable wind latter a light breeze from the southward. Cloudy weather. At 2am found the port Rope of the Fore Top sail gone. Shifted it with the 2nd best. Sailmaker repairing the best Fore Top sail. At 8am departed this life Mr Vernon Frazer, Midshipman. Lat 35º 43' S. Long 23º 6' E.

[Page 141:]
Warren Hastings towards England

Friday 15th March 1816.
C&D NW192. Moderate breeze in the first part increasing to a strong gale with violent squalls & rain . At 5pm committed the body of the deceased to the Deep after the usual ceremony. At 6pm Commodore made signal for seeing the land bearing NbE could not distinguish it. At same time he sounded ground 84 fms. Lat 34º 40' S. Long 19º 22' E.

Saturday 16th March.
C&D NW196. Fresh gale in the first part decreasing to a pleasant breeze & fair weather. Washed the gun deck & mustered at Quarters. Sailmaker repairing the lower Studding sail. Opened Secret Packet No.8. Lat 32º 40' S. Long 16º 22' E.

[Page 142:]
From China

Sunday 17th March 1816.
C&D NW158. Steady breeze throughout & mostly fair weather. AM read Divine Service, mustered the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 870. Water on board 12,194 galls. Lat 30º 44' S. Long 14º 12' E.

Monday 18th March.
C&D NW115. Moderate & fair throughout. Employed rattling the rigging down. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd Mizen Top sail. Caulker caulking the bends. Lat 29º 22' S. Long 12º 38' E.

[Page 143:]
Warren Hastings from China

Tuesday 19th March 1816.
C&D NW131. Light Trade & fair weather. Unbent Storm Stay sails. Shifted the Main & Mizen Top sails, Main sails, Fore sail & Main top Gallant sail with the old ones. Got the new driver Boom out & shifted the Mizen with the Driver. Caulker on the Top Sides. Lat 27º 50' S. Long 10º 53' E.

Wednesday 20th March.
C&D NW76. Light breezes inclinable to calm in the latter pair fair weather. Employed taking the rigging down. Painting boats & … Lat 26º 58' S. Long 9º 52' E.

[Page 144:]
Towards England

Thursday 21st March 1816.
C&D NW120. Moderate & fair. Employed variously about the rigging. got the Flying Job Boom out. Gunner painting the mast. Cooper setting up Gang Casks. Caulker on the top sides. Lat 25º 29' S. Long 7º 19' E.

Friday 22nd March.
C&D NW155. Increasing to brisk trade & pleasant weather. Employed painting the ship & as most useful. Under easy sail for the Atlas during the most part. Lat 23º 38' S. Long 5º 20' E.

[Page 145:]
Warren Hastings from China

Saturday 23rd March 1816.
C&D NW187. A fresh Trade & mostly fair weather. Employed as yesterday. AM washed the gun deck. Lat 21º 27' S. Long 3º 6' E.

Sunday 24th March 1816.
C&D NW194. Fresh Trade with rain in the latter. The rain prevented our having Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 1090. Water on board 11,104 Galls. Lat 19º 7' S. Long 00º 51'E.

[Page 146:]
Towards England

Monday 25th March 1816.
C&D NW174. Fresh Trade & mostly fair weather. Bent the Bower & stream Cables & unstowed the anchors. Otherwise employed receiving Harbour Gun. Lat 17º 4' S. Long 1º 7' W.

Tuesday 26th March.
A fresh Trade & mostly fair weather. Employed as necessary. At ½ past 8am saw the Island bearing NWbW. At Noon the Island of St Helena NWbW. Distance 6 to 7 Leagues. Lat 16 6' S.

[Page 147:]
Warren Hastings at St Helena

Tuesday 26th March continued.
At noon a Man of War Brig. Standing towards the Commodore at 2 hour to Point Signal. The Brig. communicated with the Commodore. At ½ past made sail and at 5pm anchored with the small bower in 20 fms, steadied with the Kedge. The Flagstaff SE. Sugar Loaf point EbN. Found here H.M. Ships Northumberland, Havannah & several Brigs of War. Hon Company's Ships Marquis Camden, Ceres, Inglis, General Harris & Alnwick Castle. At sunset the two last sailed for England. This Log contains 36 hours & ends at Midnight.
[End of Sea Log]

Wednesday 27th March 1816.
Fresh Trade with showers of rain at times. Employed watering ship & delivering Company Stores.

Thursday 28th.
Fresh Trade with rain at times. At daylight weighed the Kedge & hove short. At 10am Signal 10. Weighed in company with the Bridgewater and Inglis. At noon Signal 41 & 58. Body of the Island SSE 9 miles. Water on board 16,200 galls. Too much motion to be be correct in the Draft of water This Log contains 12 hours & ends at noon. The Vansittart standing into the Roads at noon.

[Page 148:]

Friday 29th March 1816.
C&D NW194. A fresh Trade & cloudy weather throughout. PM Stowed the anchor & unbent the cables. Carpenter making a main stay sail Mast. Sailmaker a Stay sail. At 4pm The Island bearing SSE. Distance 12 Leagues. Lat 14º 6' S. Long 8º 16' W.

Saturday 30th March 1816.
C&D NW173. Fresh Trade with squalls & rain in the middle. Got the Main Stay sail mast up & set the sail. Sailmaker repairing the best Main Top sail. People as requisite. Lat 12º 12' S. Long 10º 1' W.

[Page 149:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Sunday 31st March 1816.
C&D NW182. A pleasant Trade & fair weather. AM read Divine Service. Mustered the Ships Company. The weeks expenditure 66. Water on board 15,546 Galls. Confined John Swallow seaman in irons for Neglect of Duty & insolence. Lat 10º 12' S. Long 12º 13' W.

Monday April 1st.
C&D NW157. Wind & weather as yesterday. AM roused up the best bower to air & clean the tiers. Clapped a whole & & half cable service on it & payed it down again. Sailmaker altering the best Main Top sail. At 10am saw the Island of Ascension bearing NW. At Noon the body of the Island NbW. AM held an Enquiry on the condition of the Prisoner & the Charges against him being fully proved punished him with 2 dozen lashes. Lat 8º 18' S. Long 14º 51 W.

[Page 150:]
Towards England

Tuesday April 2nd 1816.
C&D NW165. A steady Trade & fair weather. At 4pm the Island from the SE to SSW. A Frigate, Sloop of War & Brig. at the anchorage. At 6 Body of the Island SbE. Distance 15 or 16 Leagues. AM roused up the small Bower & clapped on whole cable service on it. Lat 6º 14' S. Long 15º 45' W.

Wednesday April 3rd 1816.
C&D NW153. Pleasant Trades & cloudy weather. At 4am departed this life John Evans Seaman. AM washed the gun deck. Set up the Fore Top & Top Gallant rigging. Sailmaker repairing the best Main sail. Lat 4º 13' S. Long 17º 13' W.

[Page 151:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Thursday 4th April 1816.
C&D NW142. Hoisted some wet provisions out of the Lazaretto. Sailmaker repairing the best Fore sail. PM committed the body of deceased to the Deep. Lat 2º 13' S. Long 18º 52' W.

Friday 5th April.
C&D NW97. Light Trade & mostly fair weather. Employed working up the Junk. Sailmaker repairing the best Mizen Top sail. Lat 00º 28' S. Long 19º 35' W.

[Equator]

[Page 152:]
Towards England

Saturday 6th April 1816.
C&D NW109. Variable winds & cloudy weather. AM washed the gun deck & as necessary. Sailmaker repairing the old flying Jib. Lat 1 10' N. Long 20 23' W.

Sunday 7th April.
C&D NW78. Variable winds & fair weather. At ½ past 7 Commodore fired a gun, saw a strange sail bearing NNW, bore up & spoke to her. A Portuguese bound for Rio Janeiro. Wind too variable to admit of our having Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 1328. Water on board 14,226 galls. Lat 2º 14' N. Long 20º 50' W.

[Page 153:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Monday 8th April 1816.
C&D NW61. Variable winds with squally unsettled weather in the middle part. Under the Boatswain making Points. Caulker caulking the water way seams on the gun deck. Sailmaker repairing the Main Top Gallant Studding sail. Lat 3º 12. N. Long 21º 18' W.

Tuesday April 9th.
C&D NNW. Variable @ NE in the first part, latter calm with constant rain & an unpleasant swell. Shifted the Main top Gallant sail with the best. Caulker as before. Lat 3º 51 ' N. Long 21º 39' W

[Page 154:]
Towards England

Wednesday 10th April 1816.
C&D NW39. Light variable winds with unsettled rainy weather for the most part. Employed as previous days past. Lat 4º 30' N. Long 22º 19' W.

Thursday April 11th.
C&D NWbN87. Unsettled squally weather throughout. Employed as before. PM confined in irons John McDonald Ordinary Seaman for insolence & disobedience of orders. At Noon held a Court of Enquiry on the prisoner finding him guilty punished him with 2½ dozen lashes. Lat 5º 42' N. Long 23º 8' W.

[Page 155:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Friday 12th April 1816.
C&D NW106. Variable winds & unsettled rainy weather in the first part. Latter moderate breeze @ NE & cloudy. Employed working up Junk Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top Gallant sail. Caulker as before. Lat 6º 36' N. Long 24º 23' W.

Saturday April 13th 1816.
C&D NW146. A pleasant Trade & cloudy weather. AM washed the gun deck. Shifted the Main Top Gallant sail with the old one. Set up the Main Top Gallant rigging. Lat 8º 25' N. Long 26º 7' W.

[Page 156:]
Towards England

Sunday 14th April 1816.
C&D NW142. A pleasant Trade & fine weather. AM performed Divine Service & mustered the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 1146. Water on board 13,080 galls. Lat 10º 29' N. Long 27º 17' W.

Monday 15th April.
C&D NW128. A moderate Trade & cloudy weather. AM Roused the sails up to overhaul & air. Caulker caulking the water ways on the upper deck. A gang working up Junk. Sailmaker repairing old sails. Lat 12º 18' N. Long 28º 33' W.

[Page 157:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Tuesday 16th April 1816.
C&D NW137. A brisk Trade & cloudy weather. Employed as yesterday. Sailmaker making a Fore Top sail out of the old Mizen sail. Lat 14º 11' N. Long 29º 52' W.

Wednesday 17th April.
C&D NW155. A fresh Trade & fair weather. Employed as for days past. Lat 16º 28' N. Long 30º 54' W.

[Page 158:]
Towards England

Thursday 18th April.
C&D NW115. A moderate Trade & pleasant weather. At 9pm departed this life James Allen Seaman. Employed working up junk. At 10pm a Stranger (a Brig) passed us standing to ye westward. AM committed the body of the deceased to the Deep after the usual ceremony. Lat 18º 17' N. Long 21º 41' W.

Friday 19th April 1816.
C&D NW114. A light Trade increasing in the latter part. Fair weather. Employed as before. Tradesmen as most useful. Lat 19º 49' N. Long 32º 43' W.

[Page 159:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Saturday 20th April 1816.
C&D NW136. A pleasant Trade & fair weather. Washed between decks, otherwise as before. Lat 22º 4' N. Long 33º 13' W.

Sunday 21st April 1816.
C&D NW124. Moderate breeze & pleasant weather. AM read Divine Service. Mustered the Ships Company. The weeks expenditure 1266 galls. Water on board 11,820. galls. At 7am spoke the Stranger, a Spanish Frigate from Manilla. Lat 24º 18' N. Long 33º 22' W.

[Page 160:]
Towards England

Monday 22nd April 1816.
C&D NW74. Light variable winds & fair weather. AM shifted the Top sails with the best, otherwise employed as necessary. At 7am spoke the Brig the Harmony from Boston to Rio Janiero. Lat 25º 51' N. Long 33º 25' W.

Tuesday 23rd April 1816.
C&D N49. Light breezes @ south eastwards & fair weather. PM stayed the Top & Top Gallant masts & set the rigging up. Employed working up Junk. Lat 26º 47' N. Long 33º 29' W.

[Page 161:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Wednesday 24th April 1816.
C&D N44. Light variable winds & fair weather. Employed under the Boatswain & as necessary. The Strangers proved to be the General Harris & Alnwick Castle & a whaler. Lat 27º 40' N. Long 33º 29' W.

Thursday 25th April.
C&D NW54. Light winds & fine weather. Employed as necessary. The General Harris, Alnwick Castle & whaler still in sight. Lat 28º 43' N. Long 33º 35' W.

[Page 162:]
Towards England

Friday 26th April 1816.
C&D NW78. Same wind & weather. Employed trimming the Ship by the head & as necessary. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore sail. The Harris, Alnwick, David Scott, Grant, the whaler & several strangers in sight. Lat 30º 5' N. Long 34º 4' W.

Saturday 27th April 1816.
C&D NW106. Moderate breeze & fair weather. AM Washed the gun deck & as necessary. The Harris, Alnwick, Ceres & Camden in sight. Scott & Grant not in sight. Lat 31º 38' N. Long 35º 5' W.

[Page 163:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Sunday 28th April 1816.
C&D NW84. Light variable winds with unsettled gloomy weather, light squalls 7 rain in the middle part. The unsettled state of the weather prevented our having Divine Service. The weeks expenditure 1130. Water on board 10,690 Galls. The six ships still in sight & the whaler & Brig. Lat 32º 49' N. Long 35º 38' W.

Monday 29th April.
C&D NE94. Increasing to a pleasant breeze & fine weather. Employed getting water & provisions out of the Lazaretto. Sailmaker on the old Fore sail. The 8 Indiamen in sight, the Brig & the Lady Flora Country Ship from China. Lat 34º 21' N. Long 36º 24' W.

[Page 164:]
Towards England

Tuesday 30th April 1816.
C&D NE151. Increasing breeze & cloudy weather. Restowed the starboard booms. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top sail. Only 5 of the Indiamen in sight. Lat 36º 19' N. Long 34º 33' W.

Wednesday 1st May 1816.
C&D NE199. Fresh breezes throughout with thick weather & drizzling rain at times. Employed as necessary. Lat 39º 7' N. Long 32º 12' W.

[Page 165:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Thursday 2nd May 1816.
C&D NE65. Fresh breezes in the first part. Middle & latter light variable winds with thick hazy weather & drizzling rain. At 6pm clearing up. Saw 2 ships bearing NNE, the Essex & Lowther & 2 others bearing WNW. At daylight 5 sails in sight could not distinguish the Commodore. The Essex bearing WbN. At Noon a ship bearing North suppose it to be our Commodore The Essex WbN. A small ship a stranger NE. Lat 40º 1' N. Long 31º 24' W.

Friday 3rd May.
C&D NE129. Light variable winds in the first part increasing to a fresh gale in the latter. Thick hazy weather & rain throughout. At 1pm spoke the Stranger the Charles Post Office Packet from Guadaloupoo. At daylight Commodore not in sight, continued the same course supposing he would he would do the same. At Noon not sighting the Commodore attuned our course to the East. Lat 41º 55' N. Long 29º 35' W.

[Page 166:]
Towards England

Saturday 4th May 1816.
C&D NE224. Fresh breeze in the first & middle parts, latter more moderate, cloudy weather throughout. AM cleaned & scraped the gun deck. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top sail. Bent the Storm Stay sails. Lat 45º 47' N. Long 24º 58' W.

Sunday 5th May.
C&D NE121. Decreasing breezes & thick hazy weather. The duty of the ship prevented our having Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 1136. Water on board 9,554 galls. Lat 44º 47' N. Long 22º 24' W.

[Page 167:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Monday 6th May 1816.
C&D NE190. Moderate breeze in the first part, middle increasing to a brisk gale. Hazy weather with rain throughout. Watch as requisite. Shifted the Main Top Mast stay shifted with the best. Lat 46º 18' N. Long 18º 14' W.

Tuesday 7th May 1816.
C&D NE174. A fresh breeze in the first part @ WSW with hazy weather. & rain when it shifted to the NW with a moderate breeze & fine pleasant weather. Washed the gun deck. Scrubbed hammocks & as necessary. Lat 47º 14' N. Long 14º 11' W.

[Page 168:]
Towards England

Wednesday 8th May 1816.
C&A NE196. A fresh breeze increasing in the latter part to a brisk gale with squally hazy weather & a following sea. Employed serving harbour gun. Lat 48º 14' N. Long 9º 30' W.

Thursday 9th May.
C&D NE218. Strong breezes throughout & mostly fair weather. At 7pm saw 2 sails bearing WSW. At 8am passed the Lady Flora, 2 ships in sight bearing SW. Bent cables & unstowed the anchor. Lat 49º 25' N. Long 4º 31' W.

[Page 169:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena towards England

Friday 10th May 1816.
Fresh breezes for the most part. First part fair weather latter thick hazy weather. at 5pm Lizard Light House NbW. At sunset Lizard Light House NW. At 8pm Lights NWbN. At 10pm Lights NW. At daylight saw the Start Point bearing NNE. Distance about 5 Leagues. At ½ past 11am clearing up. Saw St Albans Head NbW. Peveril Point NbE. At Noon the land about The Needles NE. Peveril Point NE.

[Page 170:]
Saturday 11th May 1816.
A fresh breeze in the first part increasing towards the middle to a hard gale with violent squalls & much rain. Reefed & Handled as per Log 1 and a high sea. Ship sending seep at times. At 4pm Dunnose ENE. St Catherines Point NbE. At 10am South Foreland NEbE. Dungeness Light House NW. At 11 took on board Mr Clements, River Pilot. Latitude not observed.

Saturday continued.
At 9am Came to with the best Bower in 10 fms. South Foreland SW. Gull Light NE. North Foreland Light NNE. NB. This log contains 36 hours ending at midnight.

[End of Sea Log]

[Page 171:]

[Start of Harbour Journal]

Sunday 12th.
A moderate breeze at NNW in the first part increasing to a fresh gale with hard squalls and hail in the middle part, latter more moderate. At daylight weighed and run through the Gull NE, turned to windward through the Queens Channel till 1pm and came to in 13fms with the best Bower. North Foreland SE by Hedge Buoy SW bW. bearing at NW. At 6am departed this life David Otley gunners mate. At 5pm committed deceased to the Deep with the usual ceremonies. Received beef & vegetables from the shore. Pumped ship.

Monday 13th.
Blowing fresh from the WNW for the most part and fair weather. At 8am weighed and made all sail and worked up into the Oaze Channel at ½ past 2pm came too on 10fms with the best Bower. Bearing of the Oaze NW. Buoy of the Shivering Sand SE at 4pm a breeze springing up from the eastward. Weighed & run up abreast the Black Tail Beacon at bearing NNW and Nore Light NW.

[Page 172:]

Tuesday 14 May 1816.
Calm in the first part latterly a moderate breeze from the westward & mostly fair weather. At 8am weighed and drifted with the tide till noon when a breeze sprang up. Worked to abreast the Chapman [a mudflat off Canvey Island] & anchored in 7½ fms. Unshotted the guns and sealed them.

Wednesday 15th.
Variable winds in SW part at daylight a breeze from the south. Weighed & made sail at 10 passed Gravesend. Came on board Mr Ross, River Pilot. Mr Clendon left at noon came to on long Reach moored ship a cable each way. Captain Rawes left the Ship for Town, delivered the sails,

Thursday 16th.
Moderate breezes & fair weather throughout. Employed delivering the gun powder & guns otherwise as necessary. Passed upwards the David Scott. 5 -- in Well.

Friday 17th.
Blowing fresh from the eastward throughout. Employed delivering the booms & boats, otherwise clearing decks above & below. Delivered the Hon'ble Companys Journal to Mr Dixon.

Saturday 18th.
More moderate from the eastward & fair. AM came on board Mr Perry, Pilot & unmoored the Ship. At 3pm weighed and made sail. At 7pm came to at Blackwall & lashed alongside the Cornwallis Country Ship. Unbent sails.

Sunday 19th.
Light winds inclinable to calms & fair weather throughout. -M delivered the cables, unrove the running rigging & dropped the Top Gallant Yards.

Monday 20th.
Winds & weather as yesterday, delivered the running rigging & emptied starting the full ones & unrigging the ship. Came on board Captain Rawes.

[Page 173:]
Tuesday 21st.
A fresh breeze at east fair weather. Employed unrigging ship delivering stores. Struck the Top masts.

Wednesday 22nd.
Same winds & weather. Employed delivering remaining stores, finished unrigging ship & reported all ready to Captain Eastfield for going into dock.

Thursday 23.
A moderate breeze easterly & fair. AM washed decks above & below, otherwise as necessary.

Friday 24th.
Wind easterly & cloudy weather with rain at times. Chinese as necessary.

Saturday 25.
Variable winds throughout & mostly cloudy weather. Delivered the remaining Biscuit otherwise cleaning decks. AM Blacked the bends. Pumped the ship.

Sunday 26th.
Light winds mostly from the westwards & fair weather. AM came on board Mr Perry & moored the ship along the Bast Meer Hull [Beschermer Hulk] in readiness for hauling into dock.

Monday 27th.
Moderate in the first part & fair. AM came on board Mr Perry, at 2pm cast off from the HCS Essex & hauled into the Basin. Chinese left the ship, Captain Rawes visited same.

Tuesday 28th.
Light westerly winds fair weather. AM came on board Mr Ford & hauled the ship into the Dock & lashed alongside the Vansittart Delivered baggage to the Inglis. 2nd & 4th Officers on board. .

[Page 174:]
Wednesday 29th.
Light southerly winds with cloudy weather. Unemployed on board the ship waiting her turn to deliver Teas. 2nd & 4th Officers on board.

Thursday 30th.
Variable light airs with close weather. Unemployed as yesterday. Captain Rawes visited the ship. 2nd & 3rd Officers on board.

Friday 31st.
Light airs & cloudy weather. 2nd & 3rd Officers on board.

Saturday 1st June 1816.
Light airs NW with fair weather. 2nd & 3rd Officers on board.

Sunday 2nd.
No admission into the Docks.

Monday 3rd.
Light westerly breezes & fair. 2nd & 3rd Officers on board

Tuesday 4th.
SW winds with fair weather. 2nd & 3rd Officers on board.

Wednesday 5th.
SW winds with cloudy weather. 2nd & 3rd Officers on board.

Thursday 6th.
Blowing fresh from the NNW with cold weather. Captain Rawes visited ship. 2nd & 3rd Officers on board.

Friday 7th.
Westerly winds with rain during the afternoon 2nd & 3rd Officers on board.

Saturday 8th.
Winds & weather as yesterday. 2nd & 3rs Officers on board. Pumped ship.

Sunday 9th.
No admission into the docks.

Monday 10th.
Blowing fresh from the NNW with frequent squalls & hard rain. 1st & 3rd Officers on board.

[Page 175:]

Tuesday 11th.
Moderate breezes westerly with fair weather. 1st & 3rd Officers on board.

Wednesday 12th.
Moderate breezes westerly & fair weather. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Thursday 13.
Winds & weather as yesterday. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Friday 14th.
Southerly winds & cloudy weather with small rain at --. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Saturday 15th.
Northerly with mostly fair weather, Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Sunday 16th.
No admission in the docks.

Monday 17th.
Northerly winds & fair weather. Officers on board. 1st & 3rd.

Tuesday 18th.
A pleasant breeze with fair weather. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Wednesday 19th.
Light winds with cloudy weather. Officers on board 1st & 3rd. AM came on board Mr Forth and moored the ship alongside the wharf when we commenced discharging the H.C. Teas. Pumped ship.

Thursday 20th.
Same winds with fair weather. Employed delivering H.C. Teas & private Trade. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Friday 21st.
Light easterly winds & fair. Employed delivering Teas. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Saturday 22nd.
Same winds & weather. Employed delivering Teas & private Trade. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Sunday 23.
No admission.

[Page 176:]

Monday 24th.
NW winds with cloudy weather. Employed delivering H.C. Teas. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Tuesday 25th.
Southerly winds with fair weather. Employed delivering H.C. Teas & private Trade. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Wednesday 26th.
Same winds with rain at times. Employed as yesterday. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Thursday 27th.
Blowing fresh from the NW & mostly fair. Employed as yesterday. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Friday 28th.
NW winds with cloudy weather. Employed delivering H.C. Cargo & private Trade. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Saturday 29th.
Light winds southerly & fair weather. Employed as yesterday. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Sunday 30th.
No admission into the docks.

Monday July 1st.
Light winds westerly with rain during the forenoon. Employed delivering H.C. Teas & private Trade. Officers on board 2nd & 4th.

Tuesday 2nd.
Light winds & cloudy weather. Employed delivering H.C. Teas. Officers on board 2nd & 4th. Pumped ship.

Wednesday 3rd.
Same winds & cloudy weather. Employed delivering H.C. Teas. Officers on board 2nd & 4th. Pumped ship.

Thursday 4th.
Variable winds with rain. Employed delivering private Trade & H.C. Cargo. Captain Rawes visited the ship. 2nd & 4th officers in board.

[Page 177:]

Friday 5th.
Variable winds with rain. Employed as yesterday. 2nd & 4th officers on board.

Saturday 6th.
Light winds & calms. Employed delivering Company Cargo. Officers on board 2nd & 4th.

Sunday 7th.
No admission in the docks.

Monday 8th.
Light winds westerly with showers of rain. Employed delivering Company Cargo & private Trade. 2nd & 3rd officers on board.

Tuesday 9th.
Pleasant breezes with cloudy weather. Employed delivering Company Cargo also spare wine & Liquor remaining stores to the Excise. 2nd & 3rd officers on board.

Wednesday 10th.
Light winds westerly with showers. Employed delivering the H.C. Cargo. 2nd & 3rd officers on board.

Thursday 11th.
Same winds & fine weather. Finished delivering H.C. Cargo & private Trade otherwise employed clearing the limber board & as necessary for hauling into Export Docks. 2nd & 3rd officers on board.

This is a continuation of my original Journal. R.Rawes [signed] Commander. Witness: G. Bryant [signed] [India Office Records Stamp]

END OF JOURNAL & LOG


The Ledger & Pay Book for this voyage has not been transcribed.


APPENDIX 1
Notes and Glossary

  1. Called to Quarters - in this context means called to action stations.
  2. Country Ships - Honourable East India Company's ships that plied between ports in the Eastern seas.
  3. ODNB - Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
  4. Editor's notes in square brackets.
  5. Extra ships - ships built in India and hired by the HEICS for a particular voyage. These were often made from better materials than those made in Britain and were considered to be longer lasting (The East Indiamen by Russell Miller).
  6. Hull Down - so far away the hull is out of sight below the horizon.
  7. Letters of Marque - A Government licence given to the owners of private ships during the time of war, commissioning them to attack and seize the ships or property of the enemy.
  8. NI = Native Infantry.
  9. The Ship's Log contains the Sea Log where entries are from noon the day before to noon on the date of entry. The Harbour Journal contains the normal 24 hours from midnight. It also seems that hour by hour events are put on the left side of the Journal form as they happen and then the Captain sits down after midday to write up the highlights of the previous 24 hours on the right side.


APPENDIX 2

Glossary of Abbreviations and Terms
Abbreviations in the log have been expanded where possible.

Please see the Wikipedia Glossary of nautical terms for additional information.

Cable's length (distance): tenth of a nautical mile (approx 101 fathoms).
1 Fathom: 6 Feet (1.8 metres).
1 league: 3 statute miles (4.828032 km) on land or 3 Nautical miles = 3.45 land miles, (5.556 km at sea). On land it was the distance one could walk in about an hour.
Nautical miles: 1.151 miles approx. The nautical mile is based on the circumference of the Earth and is equal to one minute of latitude.


Arrack: distilled alcoholic drink made from the sap of coconut flowers.
Bales: of cloth.
Bankshall: is a warehouse in the East Indies.
Bar: of sand etc., across river mouth.
Bateing: Lowering, letting down, depressing.
Beating: sailing as close as possible towards the wind (perhaps only about 60°) in a zig-zag course to attain an upwind direction to which it is impossible to sail directly; also known as tacking.
Bend, bent: to tie or attach.
Billet wood: wood for living quarters.
Bobstay: a stay which holds the bowsprit downwards, counteracting the effect of the forestay. Usually made of wire or chain to eliminate stretch.
Bowsprit Shrouds: ropes extending from the head of the Bowsprit to the bow & sides of the vessel.
Bumkin: sometimes Bumpkin - an iron bar or spar projecting from the ship’s side.
Butter nut: probably butternut squash for drinking.
C&D: course & distance.
Can/Cann: Indian hemp.
Careened: cleaning the underside of the ship of barnacles etc.
Carronade: a short smoothbore, cast iron cannon, which was used by the Royal Navy and first produced by the Carron Company in the 1770s.
Catharpining: short ropes or iron clamps used to brace in the shrouds toward the masts.
Cathead:  To prepare an anchor, after raising it by lifting it with a tackle to the cat head, prior to securing it alongside for sea. An anchor raised to the cat head is said to be catted.
Caulk: sealing crevices in deck etc.
Caulker: a filler and sealer.
Chaldron: bushels = 8 gallons.
Chist: a bag or chest containing items belonging to a sailer.
Chops: [of tea] sealed boxes.
Chow chow chop: last boat with small & personal items.
Cleat (Clete): a T shaped piece of metal or wood to which ropes are attached..
Cockets: Seals belonging to the King’s Custom House or a sealed document with certificates showing that duty had been paid on the merchandise.
Coiar [coir]: A rope made from the fibre of the Coconut in Malaysia.
Congo: "chops of congo tea" were loaded onto East Indiamen at Whampoa, China for export to England.
Conn: Position for directing a ships steerage, helm etc. (Hence modern: Conning-tower on a submarine).
Cordage: rope.
Courses down: all sails attached to lowest yards.
Crossjack: a square yard used to spread the foot of a topsail where no course is set, e.g. on the foremast of a topsail or above the driver on the mizzen mast of a ship rigged vessel.
Cuddy: a small cabin in a boat.
Cutter: small boat fitted for rowing or sailing.
D'ft: draft, depth of boat or ship.
Dawk boat: An old postal system used in Pakistan.
Dials: sense not known.
Disrate: to reduce in rank or rating; demote.
Divisions: Parade of Ships Crew.
Dolphin striker: a short near vertical spar under the bowsprit.
Dunnage: packing to protect cargo.
F'ms: fathoms.
False Fire: Used for signalling at sea at night. A composition which burned with a blue flame was packed into a wooden tube and when ignited would burn for several minutes.
Fidded: small wooden bar attached to a small mast in the upper rigging.
Fish pieces: to repair a mast or spar with a fillet of wood.
Flints: hard stone.
Fluted the fore rigging: Meaning not sure, perhaps a form of tying and folding the rigging.
F'ded: folded.
F'wd: forward, front of ship.
Frapping: to frap, the use of rope to bind.
Gaff: repair a mast or spar with a fillet of wood.
Gall't: gallant, a top sail.
Gammoned: the lashing of ropes.
Gang cask: a gang is a narrow platform on a deep-waisted ship leading from the quarter-deck to the forecastle. Presumably these casks were set on this gang.
Giggar: see Jigger.
Grapnals: A small anchor with several flukes.
Gunwale: Gun Whale - upper edge of side of ship.
Gig: Captain's gig: A light narrow ship’s boat generally rowed, at the disposal of the ship's captain for his use in transportation to other ships or to the shore.
Gunter: The gunter is defined as a wire that leads from one point near the end of a gaff to a point near the other end. A vessel with a gunter rigged mainsail is called a gunter rig.
Halse/Hawse: the shaft or hole in the side of a vessel's bow through which the anchor chain passes.
H C'ys: Honourable Company.
Hoppo: Chinese Customhouse Officers - overseers.
Hoy: a type of wherry, barge, bark, lighter, under the general description of river craft, used for transporting cargo to and from ship etc.
Hull down: ship almost beyond the horizon, only showing the sails.
Inclinable: favourable.
Jiggermast & sails: a jiggermast is a fourth mast set at the stern of the ship and carrying triangular sails.
Jolly boat: a type of small ship's boat used to ferry personnel & small items to & from the ship.
Junk: old ropes, cables, oakum etc.
Jury: a temporary sail or mast, often used in an emergency.
Kedge: anchor used for warping.
Kentledge: pig-iron etc. used for ballast - "so as to avoid tilts and shifts".
Launch: shallow draft boat.
Lazeretto: a small stowage locker at the aft end of a boat, sometimes used as a quarantine.
Leadsman: A sailor who takes soundings with a lead.
Letters of Marque: A Government licence given to the owners of private ships during the time of war, commissioning them to attack and seize the ships or property of the enemy.
Lights: lightning.
Lighters: Flat bottomed boats used for transporting cargo to a wharf, see under 'Hoy'.
Limber: detachable gun carriage.
Lumber: labourer for unloading cargo.
Martingale: lower stay of rope used to sustain strain of the forestays.
Mats, Matts: a thick web of rope yarn used to protect the standing rigging from the friction of other ropes.
Mechanics: Tradesmen .
Messenger: An endless rope or chain passing from the capstan to the cable to haul it in.
Miz: mizzen; the third and smallest mast.
Mizzling: thick mist or fine rain.
Muller: used for grinding paint colours.
Mungeet: The Bengal Madder or Munjeet, a plant whose roots are used for dying.
Nipper: short rope used to bind a cable to the moving line propelled by the capstan.
Oakum: used for sealing crevices in deck etc.
Offing: a position at a distance from shore.
Owers Light: off Selsley Bill.
Paddy: Rice with the husk or in the Straw.
Paying: filling a seam with caulking or pitch.
Pendante: A length of wire or rope secured at one end to a mast or spar and having a block or other fitting at the lower end.
People: Captain Rawes describes his crew as 'people'.
Puddening: Fibres of old rope packed between spars, or used as fender.
Quoins: Tapered blocks, probably used to prevent guns and barrels from moving.
Rattan: Tough stems of palms used for wickerwork, canes, sticks etc.
Rattling: working on rigging etc.
Roads: The term Roads (short for roadstead) indicates the safety of a port; as applied to a body of water, it is a partly sheltered area of water near a shore in which vessels may ride at anchor".
Reg'g: replacing.
Reeving: threading a line through blocks (& tackle).
Rep'r: repairing.
Requisite: required by circumstances.
Rouse: haul by force.
Rowed/row/road guard: communicating by flag.
Salt petre, beating of: meaning not known.
Scuttle: a small opening, or lid thereof, in a ship's deck or hull.
Serang: a native captain of a crew of sailors in the East Indies.
Shift: change or alter.
Shockbury: Shoeburyness.
S'l/Sig'l: signal.
Sinnet & Spun yarn: to do with rope making.
Skysails: A sail set very high, above the royals. Only carried by a few ships.
Spanker: A full-rigged ship has a spanker sail aft but not a spanker-mast.
Spoke: an action - not sure of context in this case.
Spring, sprung: split or cracked.
Spritsail: is a four sided sail usually laced on to the mast along its luff. It can range from almost square to having a pronounced peak. It may or may not have a boom, but it will always have a sprit. A sprit is a spar which supports the peak of the sail.
Standing: the fixed part of rigging that support the masts.
Stayed: secure with stays.
Steerage: Section of a ship for inexpensive accommodation with no individual cabins.
Stilt: Not known in this sense.
Stream 'anchor': A light anchor for use with a bower in narrow waterways.
Studding Gear / Sails: Long and narrow sails, used only in fine weather, on the outside of the large square sails.
Sun: Sunn-hemp – Indian Hemp.
Sway: to move or hoist.
Swayed: moved.
Swifters: a pair of shrouds fixed above the other shrouds for swifting or stiffening a mast.
Syrang: An official in India, someone in charge of a harbour craft.
Tierces: casks or crates.
Tindal: a petty officer among lascars, or native East Indian sailors; a boatswain's mate; .
Trimming: preparation for sailing.
Trestle-tree: two pieces of timber, horizontally fore & aft on opposite sides of the mast-head to support the cross-trees & mast above.
Trussel: a furled sail.
Turned: the action, in this case, of punishment such as being tied to the mast.
Twanky Tea: an inferior grade of green tea.
Trow: a small river sailing craft, much used on the river Severn.
Twined: the act of tying a man of object to the mast.
Unbent: detached.
V'ble: variable.
Warping: moving ship from one place to another.
Waist: the central deck of a ship between the forecastle and the quarterdeck.
Waist anchors: spare anchors for use in emergency.
W'r: weather.
Weigh: raise anchor before sailing.
Whiskers: spreaders from the bows to spread the bowsprit.
Wore ship: is a past tense form of "wear ship": to turn away from the wind.
Yawl: A rowboat on davits at the stern of the ship.


APPENDIX 3

Bibliography:

  • Barnettmaritime Internet Site on the explanation and history of the HEICS www.barnettmaritime.co.uk.
  • Contemporary Newspaper and Journals.
  • Miller, Russell: "The East Indiamen" publ. Time-Life Books 1980.
  • Cotton, E: "East Indiamen - The East India Company's Maritime Service" London 1949.
  • East India Company Archive - British Library. Ref: L/MAR/B/217C. Journal and Log of the H.E.I.C. Ship Huddart 10 March 1806 to 6 October 1807.
  • Eicships.threedecks.org for information concerning types of ships in the HEICS see: www.eicships.threedecks.org.
  • Farrington, A: "Catalogue of The East India Ship's Journals and Logs. 1600 - 1834". British Library 1999.
  • Farrington, A: "A Biographical Index of East India Company Maritime Officers 1600 - 1834". British Library. 1999.
  • Fay, Peter Ward: "The Opium War, 1840-1842". First published 1975.
  • Gosse, P: "St. Helena 1502 - 1938" Oswestry 1990. First published London 1938.
  • Hardy, C: "Register of Ships - The East India Company 1760 - 1810" London 1811.
  • Horsburgh, John: "Directions for sailing to and from the East Indies, China, New Holland and the Cape of Good Hope". Published 1811.
  • Keay, J: "The Honourable Company - A History of the English East India Company". London 1991.
  • Lavery, Brian: "The Ship of the Line 1650-1850" 2 vols. Conway Maritime Press 1983.
  • Parkinson, C Northcote: "Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813" Cambridge UP 1937.
  • Pbenyon Internet Site dedicated to information on HMS ships of the period: www.pbenyon.plus.com.
  • East_Indiamen: www.wow.


APPENDIX 4

Captain Rawes

Richard Rawes, was born 2nd July, probably at the Rawes Academy, and baptised Bromley, Kent 28th July 1787. He was the second son of Richard and Mary Rawes of Bromley. His father ran the Rawes Academy in Bromley High Street, and it was almost certainly here that Richard was educated. He served in the HEICS from 1801 to 1831. His last voyage was in 1825/6. He is recorded as working at India House from 1829 till 1831 as Deputy Attendant in the Department of Clerk to the Committee of Shipping & paymaster of Seaman’s wages. At India House his superior was Captain John Valentine Baker, himself an experienced HEICS Officer, born in Bristol in 1774, his one recorded Command was on the Fame (3) in 1801 & 1803.

There is a reference to Captain Rawes in Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813 by Northcote & Parkinson, publ. Cambridge UP 1937, that gives an interesting, although not very attractive, aspect to the character of Richard Rawes:-

In most Indiamen a flogging was a rare event, inflicted for mutinous behaviour or attempted desertion. A dozen lashes at the gangway might be the maximum punishment with men like Captain Larkins or Captain Grant in command. A certain Captain Rawes, however was said to give two dozen as a minimum.
It has been noted during the transcription of these journals that heavy punishment for theft, insolence, drunkenness, disobeying orders etc., was by no means a rare event. Owing to the characters on board, the confined living conditions and the lengthy journeys, strict discipline had to be kept at all times. Whether this supports Captain Rawes is for the reader to judge.

Richard married at St. Michael & All Angels, Houghton-le-Spring 11 October 1813, Harriet, the daughter of Joseph & Elizabeth Cantwell. They subsequently had two children, Richard Joseph, baptised Bromley 5th April 1815, and Harriet Mary, baptised Bromley 1st June 1825. Both of their children died within a few months of their births. His wife died in 1828 aged 38. There is a touching letter to his cousin the Rev. John Hodgson, dated 2nd July 1829, which gives an indication of his grief over the loss of his wife. He died in 1831, being buried in Bromley churchyard 27th October 1831, aged 44. Wall memorials to him and his family were in Bromley church but the church was destroyed in WW2.

Richard became a midshipman in 1801 when he sailed on the HSC Northampton under Captain Robert Barker to Bombay and Bengal. The Northampton's principal owners were Moses Agar, John Crosthwaite and George Palmer. His voyages are recorded by Farrington:- Rawes, Richard (1784)sic., b 2 Jul & bap 28 Jul 1784sic, Bromley, Kent, so of Richard & Mary, midshipman NORTHAMPTON (2) 1801 to Bengal; 4th mate NORTHAMPTON (2) 1802/3 to Bengal; 3rd mate NORTHAMPTON (2) 1804/5 to Bengal; 2nd mate NORTHAMPTON (2) 1806/7 to Bengal; 1st mate LORD KEITH 1809/10 to Bengal; Capt. JULIANA 1811/2 to Batavia; Capt. WARREN HASTINGS (5) 1814/5, 1818/9, 1822/23 & 1824/5 to China.

There is a record of a ship called Northampton (3 under Farrington), that sailed to Australia in 1816 with 110 female convicts on board. See Wikipedia. Wikipedia however assumes, probably rightly, that Northampton 2 & 3 are one and the same ship.

Plants from China
Although Captain Rawes' main cargo would have been tea, he was also involved in bringing new varieties of plants back to England, notably Camellias, for his sister Elizabeth Palmer and brother-in-law Thomas Carey Palmer. The Palmers were plant collectors and lived at The Oakery, a large house near Bromley, Kent and within a short distance from the Rawes Academy, the home of Richard’s father and brother. In 1820 Captain Rawes was responsible for introducing the 'Camellia Reticulata' from Canton into England. The plant was subsequently named ‘Captain Rawes’ in his honour. He is also accredited to bringing in the plant 'primula Sinensis'.


Camellia Reticulata 'Captain Rawes'


Primula Sinensis


APPENDIX 5

Purser Rawes

It is to be noted that the Richard Rawes, Ships’ Purser was Captain Rawes’ friend, cousin and namesake. He was born 11th Sep 1785 and baptised at Shap, Westmorland 13 Sep. He served as Purser on the Juliana in 1811/2 to Batavia; on the Wexford 1813/4 & 1815/6; on the Warren Hastings 1818/9 to China; on the Vansittart 1820/1 & 1822/3 1824/5, 1826/7 to China. He lived at Newington, Surrey in 1819 and Stratford Grove, Essex in 1840. He died 15th Feb 1848 aged 60. Richard firstly married at Poultney with St Mary, Colechurch, Surrey 10th Mar 1814 to Mary Ann Poynter and had William Wilson in 1816 and Mary Ann in 1819. He secondly married circa 1828 Ann Bailey, a widow and had Ann in 1828 and Richard Edward in 1831/2. A memorial to this Richard was once to be found in the Parish church at Kendal.

Mary Ann Rawes married in Lambeth 9th September 1856 to George Goldsmith, Supar Intendant of Chatham Dockyard. He was the son of John Goldsmith, Purser in the HEICS and later made an Admiral. William Wilson Rawes served in the Indian Army and became Deputy Inspector General for Hospitals in the Madras Establishment.

The Morning Post (London, England), Saturday, May 13, 1826; Issue 17285. 19th Century British Library Newspapers: Part II. Purser Richard Rawes, arriving on the ship Vansittart.

Richard Rawes inherited Captain Rawes' portrait, a copy of which is to be seen above. The portrait is described as 'Cousin Richard Rawes', although the descendants of Richard Edward Rawes had incorrectly believed that they were descended from Captain Richard Rawes as opposed to Purser Richard Rawes.


APPENDIX 6

Rawes Pedigree

                            William = Isabel
                              Rawes | Wilson
                     Farmer in Shap,|
                        Westmorland |
              -----------------------------------------
              |                                       |
           Richard                             William Wilson
         (Rawes Academy)                       Farmer in Shap
         in Bromley, Kent                      = Esther Hudson 
         = Mary Thompson                       |
         |                                     |
   -----------------------        -----------------------
   |         |           |        |          |          |
Elizabeth  Robert     Richard   Robert    William    Richard = Mary Ann  
= Thomas   Booth      Captain   (Slate    (Officer   Ships   | Poynter
  Carey    (Rawes     HEICS     Quarrier  of Excise) Purser  |
  Palmer   Academy)   1787-1831                      HEICS   |
                                                   1785-1848 |
                                                             |
                                        -------------------------
                                        |                       |
                                     Mary Ann                William
                                     = Admiral George        Wilson
                                       Goldsmith RN          1816-1887
                                       son of John Goldsmith Deputy Insp.
                                       HEICS ship's Purser   General of
                                                             Hospitals
                                                             HEICS Madras
                                                             Establishment