THE HONOURABLE EAST INDIA COMPANY SERVICE

This is the Journal & Log of the Honourable East India Company Ship, the Warren Hastings on her voyage to Penang and China 1819-1820. Commanded by Captain Richard Rawes.

EXTRACTS

THE JOURNAL AND SHIP'S LOG

OF THE HON. COMPANY'S SHIP

WARREN HASTINGS

(EAST INDIA DOCKS, BLACKWALL, LONDON, ENGLAND)

Written by The Commander, Captain R. Rawes

Voyage to the Far East

25 January 1819 - 28 July 1820

(British Library Ref: L / MAR / B / 9P.)

Extracted by
Bryant G. Bayliffe & Julian A. Rawes
April 2012


Contents


The HEICS


East India House, Leadenhall Street, London, 1796-1861
from Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813.

The Library of the Honourable East India Company Service is housed in the British Library in Euston, London. The HEICS library contains many thousands of records including hundreds of ships’ journals, logs, ledgers & pay books. They are contained in large ledgers, the journals & logs in one tome with the ledgers and pay books in separate books. A catalogue of these records was published in 1999 by the British Library, titled ‘Catalogue of East India Company Ships’ Journals and Logs 1600-1834’ and edited by Anthony Farrington. Most of these records have not been microfilmed. If a copy is required then a microfilm copy is made at the expense of the purchaser to whom a photostat or CD is given. A useful site for the explanation on the HEICS library is barnettmaritime.co.uk.

HEICS ships would leave from and return to London using a number of stopping points both in the Thames estuary and the south coast. Passengers would more than likely embark and disembark at these stopping points.


Map of the Thames estuary indicating some of the navigational points mentioned in the journals.

Until the opening of the East India Docks at Blackwall in 1806, Company ships moored on the tidal river alongside the Royal shipyards at Deptford. Deptford was the anchorage at the start of the Port of London. The ships moored alongside lines of moorings called tiers and all goods were offloaded on to lighters, hoys or barges and carried by them to wharves on shore or further up river.

Deptford from the South London Guide


1806 - the new East India docks at Blackwall
from Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813.


Circa 1830 - East India docks at Blackwall
from WWW.British-History.ac.uk.


Every attempt has been made to produce a faithful 'abridged' copy of the Journal and Log Book. A glossary along with explanatory notes has been added to help the reader to understand the transcript along with information of other ships and people noted in the Journal. It is realised that errors are possible owing to the difficulty of transcription. The Editor's notes can be found throughout set within square brackets.


Journals and Log Books.

A journal & log is a fascinating record of day-to-day events on board ship such as location, weather, repairs, washing decks, including the gun deck where the crew slept, discipline, loading and unloading, embarking and disembarking and external events. The ledger records everyone on board, their positions and status whether or not they left ship or perished, including passengers. There is also a distinction between the 'Harbour Journal' and the 'Sea Log'. The ledger starts as large blank pages given to the Commander or Purser at the commencement of each voyage. The journal and log is dutifully created by the Commander or assigned officer and the resulting ledger, signed by the Commander is handed in at the end of the voyage. It was the duty of the ship's Purser to deposit the ship's journals etc. at East India House.

Duplicate logs written on HEICS forms survive as in the case of the Warren Hastings in 1825-6 and the Repulse in 1831-32. These have the appearance of being soiled and original as opposed to the rather clean copies handed in to India House. It is not known how many of these copies were kept on a particular voyage or are still extant but their survival must be rare. The keeping of copy journals by midshipmen and junior officers was probably encouraged for training purposes. On a rare occasion such as with the 1822/3 voyage of the ship 'London' to Madras and China, the Captains, the 3rd mate's, a midshipman's and another journal was lodged at India House.


Example of a page from this Journal.
Monday 4th April 1831.


The Warren Hastings.

The Warren Hastings off Ascension Island May 1823.,
Taken from The Old East Indiamen by E K Chatterton, Conway Maritime Press 1971.

There were five HEICS ships named Warren Hastings. The Warren Hastings on which Captain Rawes sailed was the fifth of that name. It is not recorded where or by whom she was built but she would have been a well-armed ship and in this case weighed twelve hundred tons. Her first recorded sailing was to the Cape and China in 1810/1, under Captain Gunter Lyde Browne, while her owner is recorded as John Pascal Larkins. Mr Larkins then sold her to William Simms. It is noted Warren Hastings three was still sailing to China, after number five was in operation. For the next four sailings to China, 1814, 1818, 1822 & 1825, Mr William Sims was her owner and Captain Richard Rawes was her commander. On Captain Rawes' last voyage to China in 1825, the ship ran into severe weather in which she sustained considerable damage to her structure. It was decided to change course and head for Penang in Malaysia for repairs. After leaving Penang the ship encountered a cyclone, which caused further damage and necessitated a lengthy stay at Whampoa. Whampoa was the port at Canton in China where western merchant vessels exchanged cargoes. This was the last recorded voyage of both the Warren Hastings and Captain Rawes. The ship's fate is not recorded but her condition maybe suggests that this was indeed her last voyage.

John Pascal Larkins, along with other family members, were part owners of all five ships named Warren Hastings from 1781 to 1833. To confuse matters, Warren Hastings two, [There was a major incident with number three, which was captured by the French.], was on the high seas at the same time as number five. Number two was built in 1808 was 154ft and weighed 1000 tons. She was on the seas at least until 1833 and one of her captains was Thomas Larkins.

Farrington extract for this voyage:-
The extract from Catalogue of East India Company Ships’ Journals and Logs 1600-1834, edited by Anthony Farrington:-

WARREN HASTINGS (5): 1200 tons
Principal Managing Owners: 1 John Pascal Larkins, 2-5 William Sims

          3 1818/9 China

          L/MAR/B/9R      Journal 25 Jan 1819-28 Jul 1820

          L/MAR/B/9NN(1)  Ledger

          L/MAR/B/9NN(2)  Pay Book

          Capt Richard Rawes

          Portsmouth 4 Apr 1819 - 20 Jul Penang - 15 Sep

          Malacca - 25 Sep Singapore - 7 Nov Whampoa -

          Second Bar 6 Feb 1820 - 21 Apr St Helena - 20 Jun

          Downs


Whampoa
Whampoa anchorage, now called Huangpu, on the Pearl river, was the import and export port
for all foreign ships entering China at Canton (Guangzhou), which is about 12 miles further up river.


The Convoy

Honourable East India Company Service ships were generally well armed and capable of holding their own against single adversaries. The Journals often mention the cleaning of guns and drills taking place. Passing Royal Navy ships would occasionally come alongside Company ships and press some of the crew. However, especially in times of war, Company ships would set sail in convoy, accompanied by a Royal Navy ship with the commander described as Commodore. During the long voyage there would be a fair amount of 'watching out', both for each other and for 'strangers'. If a stranger was not identified quickly then the Royal Navy ship would peel off and give chase. Royal Navy ships would not necessarily be any larger than merchant ships, which had to provide cargo space but they were specifically prepared and better armed with their crew trained for war. A convoy would not remain fixed as there would be ships, both HEICS, Royal Navy ships and others peeling off or joining. This would be especially the case when the convoy reached its port of destination.

Seasonal weather patterns such as prevailing winds would play a part in when ships or convoys would leave England. January to July seems to have been the favoured time to set sail for the Far East.


Approaches to Bombay and Calcutta

HEICS ships bound for Bombay would sail up the west coast of India and various land marks were noted in the Journals as they approached Bombay.


The west coast of India.


HEICS ships bound for Calcutta had to navigate the Hooghly River with its tidal flows and sand banks as they headed for Saugor (Sagar), the main port for disembarkation. Various landmarks were noted in the Journals and the following link to a page on the Internet was of help with some of the names.


Part of the river Hooghly showing the island of Saugor (Sagar).


Approaches to Whampoa


Whampoa
Whampoa anchorage, now called Huangpu, on the Pearl river, was the import and export port
for all foreign ships entering China at Canton (Guangzhou), which is about 12 miles further up river.


Taken from The Opium War 1840-1842 by Peter Ward Fay.


Taken from The Opium War 1840-1842 by Peter Ward Fay.


Landmarks:
Directions for Sailing to and from the East Indies

John Horsburgh, The India Directory or Directions for sailing to and from the East Indies, China, Australia, and the interjacent ports of Africa and South America: originally compiled from the Journal of the Honourable Company's Ships, and from observations and remarks.. First published in two volumes plus supplement in 1811, is a most interesting book which describes the route and landmarks to the Far East, including approaches to the ports of India and China. An electronic version of the book is available on the Internet.

  • Vol. 1: London to the Bay of Bengal.
  • Vol. 2: Bay of Bengal to China, &c.


News Reports

The Times: 04, 1819; pg. 2; Issue 10612; col F Category: News in Brief



List of Ships noted in this journal.

List of other ships mentioned in the Journal. Details of the ships have been added by the Editors from a number of sources. The reference is the page on which they are noted for the first time. The main sources for the HCS ships and for their commanders come from Farrington: Catalogue of East India Company's Ship' Journals. Another site used is: http://www.eicships.threedecks.org, a useful source for 'country' ships. Information on HM ships comes from the website: www.pbenyon.plus.com, and the Internet.
21st Mar 1819 HCS General Harris Built 1812, 1200 tons. Made at least nine voyages to China. Now on her fourth under Captain George Welstead. Sold to Joseph Christall 20th Oct. 1831 for £6600.
21st Mar 1819 HCS Rose (4) Built 1810, 950 tons. Made at least nine voyages to India and two to China. Now on her fifth voyage under Captain Thomas MacTaggart.
21st Mar 1819 HCS Minerva (7) Built Bombay 1813, 976 tons. Made at least eight voyages to India and two to China. Now on her third under Captain John Mills.
25th Jul 1819 HCS Lowther Castle Built 1811, 1427 tons. Made at least twelve voyages to China. Now on her fifth under Captain Charles Mortlock.
25th Jul 1819 HCS Charles Grant Built Bombay 1810, 1274 tons. Made at least twelve voyages to China. Now on her sixth under Captain Hugh Scott.
25th Jul 1819 HMS Topaze Built 1814. 27 Mar 1814 l'Etoile taken off La Hogue by Hebrus. Renamed Topaze. Fifth rate, 1060 tons, 38 guns. "Trincomalee 18 Aug 1819, had returned from China, and was due to relieve the Liverpool at Mauritius and was to proceed to the Gult to conduct an expedition against the pirates". Used as a target in 1850.
9th Aug 1819 HCS Marquiss of Camden Built 1812, 165ft long, 1261 tons. Made at least ten voyages to China. Now on her fourth under Captain Thomas Larkins.
11th Aug 1819 HCS Inglis Built 1814. 1298 tons. Made at least thirteen voyages to China. Now on her fifth under Captain Thomas Borradaile.
22nd Aug 1819 HCS Waterloo (1) Built 1816. 1325 tons. Made at least nine voyages to China. Now on her second under Captain Richard Alsager.
23rd Aug 1819 HCS General Kyd Built Calcutta 1813. 1286 tons. Made at least nine voyages to China, one from India. Now on her fourth under Captain Alexander Nairne.
1st Oct 1819 HCS Windsor (2) Built 1818. 1332 tons. Made at least seven voyages to China. Now on her first under Captain Robinson Francklin.
21st Apr 1819 HMS Tees Launched 1817. 6th Rate. St Helena 14 Jun 1820, had sailed to the Cape. Based at Mauritius later that year. Involved in the 1824-1826 Burmese War. From 1826 she was a 'Church ship' based at Liverpool. Disposal year 1872.
18th Jan 1820 HCS Vansittart (4) Built at Calcutta by Gilmore 1813. 165ft long, 1273 tons. Made at least eleven voyages to China. Now on her fourth under Captain Robert Stair Dalrymple. The ship is not mentioned by Captain Rawes but he attended its captain Robert Stair Dalrymple's funeral at or near Whampoa on the above date. Details of Captain Dalrymple have been added below the date of entry. It is noted that a William H C Dalrymple succeeded him as captain.


Contents of Ship's Log


Log Pages Description Date

1-6 Ships Company & Chinese


7-8 Export Dock 25th Jan to 11th Feb 1819 ditto

9-13 Northfleet Hope 12th Feb to 15th Mar 1819

14-15 The Downs to Isle of Wight 16th Mar to 22 Mar 1819

16-19 Isle of Wight to Portland Bill 23rd Mar to 6th Apr 1819

20-70 England to Penang 7th Apr to 3 Jun 1819

71-78 At Penang 4 Jun to 8 Sept 1819

79-86 Penang to Singapore 9 Sep to 24th Sept 1819

87-105 Singapore to Whampoa, China 25th Sept to 23rd Nov 1819

106-120 At Whampoa 24th Nov 1819 to 7 Feb 1820

121-156 Whampoa to St Helena 8th Feb to 21st Apr 1820

157-158 At St Helena 22nd Apr to 27th Apr 1820

159-186 St Helena to England 28th Apr to 19th Jun 1820

187 At The Downs, England 20 Jun to 23rd Jun 1820

188-189 At Northfleet Hope 24th Jun to 26th Jun 1820

189-190 Towards Blackwall 27th Jun to 30th Jun 1820 14 Jun 1807 to 28 Jun 1807

191-192 East India Dock, Blackwall 1st July to 24th Jul 1820

193 Blackwall - end of Log 25th Jul to 28th Jul 1820


Page 1:]

[The ships log - Preparations and crew]


Example of Captain Rawes' handwriting and the first page.

H. C'ys Ship Warren Hastings. East India Docks, London.
[Letter] Rec'd 28th June 1820.
This is my original Journal
[Signed] R. Rawes, Commander. Witness: G. Bryant
I hereby certify that I have in pursuance of the Courts Orders, furnished the undermentioned officer who have served under my Command, on board the ship Warren Hastings with the prescribed Cerficates of good conduct.
Mr Thos. Young 1st Officer
Mr James Eyles 2nd Officer
George Probyn 3rd Officer
W.B. Coles 4th Officer
[Signed] R. Rawes, Commander. Witness: G. Bryant
Crew of the Hon'ble C'ys Ship Warren Hastings 1819 - 1820
Names Stations Casualties
Page 2:]
Richard Rawes Commander [Born 2 Jul & bap Bromley, Kent 28 Jul 1784, s of Richard & Mary; midshipman Northampton (2) 1801; 4th mate Northampton (2) 1802/3; 3rd mate Northampton (2) 1804/5; 2nd mate Northampton (2) 1806/7; 1st mate Lord Keith 1809/10; Captain Juliana 1811/2; Captain Hastings (5) 1814/5, 1818/9, 1822/23 & 1824/5.]
Thomas Young 1st Officer [Born Scotland 7 Feb 1790; apprentice in the American trade 2y; 6th mate on Streatham (4) 1810/1; 4th mate on General Harris 1812/3; 3rd mate on General Harris 1814/5; 3rd mate on Bridgewater (5) 1818/9; 1st mate on Warren Hastings (5) 1819/20 (not recorded by Farrington); 1st mate on Farquharson 1820/1.]
James Eyles 2nd Officer [Born England 5 Oct 1791; midshipman Henry Addington (2) 1804/5, 1806/7 & 1808/9; 5th mate Henry Addington (2) 1810/1; 3rd mate Bridgewater (5) 1812/3 & 1814/5; 3rd mate General Harris 1816/7; 2nd mate Warren Hastings (5) 1818/9; 2nd mate Bridgewater (5) 1820/1; 1st mate Warren Hastings (5) 1822/3; Captain on Malcolm 1825, 1825/6, 1827/8 & 1820/30.]
George Probyn 3rd Officer [Born 30 Apr & bap Lea, Herefordshire 2 Jun 1797, s of Rev William & Mary; Capt's servant Lowther Castle 1810/1; midshipman Lowther Castle 1812/3; 5th mate Metcalfe 1814/5; 4th mate Lord Castlereagh (1) 1816/7; 3rd mate Warren Hastings (5) 1818/9; 2nd mate Hythe 1820/1; Captain Minerva (7) 1822/3, 1824/5, 1826/7, 1829/9 & 1830/1. Married St Marylebone, London 1 Jun 1826 Alicia, dau of Sir Francis Workman MacNaughten. Had issue bap at St Marylebone: William George b.15 May 1827; Francis Gordon b.6 Feb 1829; Dighton MacNaughten b.21 Jan 1833; Lesley Charles b.11 Aug 1834.]
W.B. Coles 4th Officer [William Blackburrow Coles, born England 1 Jan 1796; midshipman Bridgewater (5) 1812/3 & 1814/5; 5th mate Bridgewater (5) 1816/7; 4th mate Warren Hastings (5) 1818/9; 3rd mate Bridgewater (5) 1820/1, left sick at Penang 22 Aug 1821, home as passenger in Rose (4); 3rd mate Warren Hastings (5) 1822/3; 2nd mate Bridgewater (5) 1824/5; 2nd mate Inglis 1826/7 & 1828/9.]
Will'm Barber 5th Officer
Francis Beatson 6th Officer
Thos. Climishaw Surgeon Surgeon's mate Streatham (4) 1810/1; Bridgewater (5) 1812/3; MRCS 1815; surgeon Coldstream 1815/6; Warren Hastings (5) 1818/9; Bengal Asst Surgeon 24 Jun 1824; died 25 Sep 1834 Secrore Oudh. Active service with Sylhet Column in First Burmese War 1824-25.]
Rich'd Rawes Purser [purser Juliana 1811/2; Wexford 1813/4 & 1815/6; Warren Hastings (5) 1818/9; Vansittart (4) 1820/1, 1822/3, 1824/5 & 1826/7.]
James Small Boatswain
Will'm Nicolls Gunner
Sam'l Good Carpenter
W'm Lusby Ships Steward
Will'm Player Midshipman
A.M. Pyne Midshipman
T.H. Roper Midshipman
Edw'd Goodenough Midshipman
W'm Paul Surgeons Mate
Thos. Bailey Master at Arms
Rob't Ducas Caulker
John Gillman Cooper
Mich'l Newsom Capt'ns Steward
Will'm Barton do Cook
Brian Dalton Ships do
Mich'l Camfield Boats'ns Mate
Mich'l Forrest do
John Fountain do
John Masterson Gunners Mate
Will'm Frazier do
Henry Newell Carpenters 1st Mate
Matthew Butler do 2nd Mate
John Ayres Caulkers Mate
Ledger Gillman Coopers Mate
Thos. ------- Sailmaker
John Boyle Armourer
[Page 3:]
Thos. Black Butcher
George Squire Baker
Cavin McEvoy Poulterer
Will'm Sullivan Quarter Master Died at sea 9th October 1819
John Wright do
Benjamin Matthews do
Francis Knill do
Will'm James do
Simon Simmonson Seaman
James Williams do Left sick in the Hospital at Penang
Edw'd Bourn do
W'm Massey do
John Tuting do
John Chissum do Entered on board H.M.S. Topaze 9th August 1819
Conrad Long do
Jas. Bartlett do
Fred'k Rickson do
James Wilson do
Will'm Smith do
John Bowline do
Thos. Collard do
John Dyer do
James Davey do
John Thompson do
John Williams do
Thos. McFey do Entered on board H.M.S. Topaze 9th August 1819
John Armstrong do
W'm Jones do
James Renford do
Chas. Hamilton do Entered on board H.M.S. Topaze 9th August 1819
John Leary do
John George do
Christopher Nelson do
Dan'l Ream do
John Ferdinand do Entered on board H.N.S. Topaze 9th August 1819
W'm Blue do
Mich'l Longuebar do
Will'm Wilson do
Thos. Wood do
Chas. Seymore do Entered on board H.M.S. Topaze 9th August 1819
[Page 4:]
Joseph Morrice Seaman
Rich'd Smith do
James Lewis do
James Mitchell do
Sam'l Seymour do
Hugh Richardson do
Will'm Sanderson do
Sam'l Gill do
John Burgess do
John Clements do
Rob't Holmes do
Jas. Smith do
Joseph Boston do
Will'm Locket do Entered on board H.M.S. Topaze August 1st 1819
Rich'd Hardy do Entered on board H.M.S. Topaze August 1st 1819
W'm Mears do
Rich'd Dingle do
W'm Peters do
John Crowley Capt's Servant
Rich'd Kitchen 1st Mates do
George Hillyard Cuddy do
Sam'l Rand 2nd Mates do
Jesse Webber Seaman
W'm Andrews do
James Heart do
John Williams do
Rich'd Nicholl do
Geo. Wilkinson do Left sick at Penang in the Hospital
Nuls Janson do
Benjamin Lee do
John Browne do
W'm Anderson do
W'm Holme do
James Hodges do
W'm Johnson do
James Tregay Ord'y Seaman
John Daniels do
Thos. Murphy do
John Sands do
Antonio Camillaw do
George Burrows do
David Whitnall do
[Page 5:]
John Lissett Ord'y Seaman Run at Malacca 22nd Sept'r 1819
Joseph Ware do
John Taylor do
Will'm Bourn do
Thos. Burns do
Rob't Hales do
Will'm White do Died October 5th 1819
John Huggalo do
James Hales do
Will'm Woodcock do
Rich'd Willis do
Joseph Domingo do
John McDonald do
John Murphy do
Peter Robertson do
Edw'd Fassridge do
John Whitfield do
Rich'd West Quarter Master Drowned in the Bay of Biscay April 8th 1819
Rob't Haxtin Seaman Taken from the Ship as a deserter March 19 1819



Panting Kamas }
Kachnug Kamas Kichi }
Petoo Parcedin }Javanese Mutineers received at
ChouchWill'm Bourn Sichong }Penang Sep't 3rd. Landed at Malacca
Tunman Sadinsing }
Edward Smith Charter Party Passenger Rec'd Ap'l 26th at He[lena]. P'ner of Gov't.



[Page 6:]
List of Chinese
Assam Boatswain
A. Quong Seaman
A Moyci do
Attye do
Atsay do
A Yung do
Allong do
Allop do
Atsate do
Assay do
Acow do
A Yeng do

Landed in the Basin 29th June

I do declare upon honor that the foregoing are true & correct lists of the Ships Company & Passengers to the best of my knowledge & belief.

[signed] R. Rawes. Commander. Witness; G. Bryant


[Page 7:]

Warren Hastings at Export Dock.

Monday 25th Jan'y 1819.
Hard Gales at South & Rain. At noon Mr Dickinson Hon'ble Comp'ys Inspector came on board & left Mr Fieldhouse, surveyor for the Ship. Found on board 179 tons of Kentledge, 120 tons of Wood, 26 Guns & old cables - Employed clearing the lumber& taking in Butts & stowing them. D'ft of water 14 f'ms F'wd. 16 f'ms Aft. Officers 1st & 3rd.

Tuesday 26th.
Light Southerly winds & cloudy weather. Employ'd filling water. in the store & Dunnage Deals and sheet & small Bower anchors. Officers 1st & 3rd.

Wednesday 27th.
Light [southerly] winds & cloudy W'r. Employ'd filling water. Rec'd best Bower Spare & Stern anchors. Bent the Cables. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Thursday 28th.
Light breezes from the Southward & fair weather - Employed filling water. Receiving the ships Coals. Officers 1st & 3rd.

Friday 29th.
Light winds East & clear weather. Employed in the Hold & about the Rigging. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Saturday 30th.
Light winds Easterly with much rain. Received the New cable & otherwise in the hold. Officers 1st & 3rd.

Sunday 31st.
No work done in the Dock.

Monday 1st Feb'y 1819.
Light winds NW & clear frosty weather. Employ'd in the Hold & about the Rigging. Officers 1st & 3rd.

Tuesday 2nd Feb'y.
Light winds NWly with rain & snow in the first part - latter clear. Employ'd clearing the Hold & about the Rigging. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

[Page 8:]
Warren Hastings at Export Dock.

Wednesday 3rd Feb'y 1819.
Light winds SW & clear weather. Rec'd the bent sails & sundry old stores. Officers 1st & 3rd.

Thursday 4th Feb'y.
Westerly wind & cloudy weather. Stayed the masts & set the Rigging up. Rec'd 20 tons of Flints. Officers 1st & [?].

Friday 5th Feb'y.
Light winds Easterly & rain. Bent sails. Received 200 bars of iron on Acc't of Capt'n. Officers 1st & 4th.

Saturday 6th Feb'y.
Light breeze westerly & clear weather in the first part, latter a strong breeze & rain. Received 785 bars of iron on Acc't of the Capt'n. Officers 1st & 3rd. D'ft of water 17 f'ms / 16.3 f'ms.

Sunday 7th Feb'y.
A moderate breeze from the Westward & fine weather. At 9 AM joined this ship with Mr Ross the Pilot. At 10 Hauled out of the Dock & at half past 10 made sail. At 1pm anchored with the small Bower, hove it up again & warp'd to the moorings - Unbent sails & down Top Gall't Yards & Masts. All Officers on board PM. I left the ship.

Monday 8th Feb'y.
A steady breeze from the Westerward & fine weather . Employed under the Boatswain. Officers 1st 3dr & 6th.

Tuesday 9th Feb'y.
Strong breeze from the SSW & rain. Employ'd in the Hold & under the Boatswain. Officers 1st, 3rd & 6th.

Wednesday 10th Feb'y.
Strong breeze from the westward & clear weather. Employ'd taking in Flints & under the Boatswain. Officers 1st, 3rd & 6th.

Thursday 11th Feb'y.
Strong breezes from the Westward & cloudy weather. Employ'd rec'ing Flints & Steels on the Acc't of Capt'n. Also Boatswain & Gunners Stores. Officers on board 1st, 3rd & 6th.

[Page 9:]
Warren Hastings at Northfleet Hope.

Friday 12th Feb'y 1819.
Strong breezes Westerly cloudy weather with rain at times. Got the Guns up out of the Hold & as requisite. Officers on board 1st, 3rd & 5th.

Saturday 13th Feb'y.
Moderate breezes from the Northerly & cloudy weather. Employ'd receiving Bales on Acc't of the Hon'ble Comp'y & Flints. Officers 1st, 3rd & 5th.

Sunday 14th Feb'y.
Moderate breezes Northerly & clear weather. Washed & cleaned decks. Requisited the ship. Officers. 1st, 3rd & 5th.

Monday 15th Feb'y.
Moderate breezes from the SW & fine weather. Received some Bales on Acc't of the Hon'ble Comp'y & Flints as Ballast. Officers 1st, 3rd & 5th.

Tuesday 16th Feb'y.
Southerly winds & cloudy weather with rain. Employ'd as yesterday Officers 1st, 4th & 5th.

Wednesday 17th Feb'y.
Strong Westerly winds & cloudy weather. Receiving Bales on Acc't of the Hon'ble Comp'y & under the Boatswain. Officers 2nd, 4th & 5th.

Thursday 18th Feb'y.
Moderate Westerly winds. Rain in the night. Set the Bobstays up. Stayed the Fore Mast & set the Rigging up otherwise employ'd in the Hold. Officers 2nd, 4th & 5th.

Friday 19th Feb'y.
Light winds Westerly & fine weather. Employ'd receiving Bales on Acc't of the Hon'ble Comp'y. Officers 1st, 4th & 5th.

Saturday 20th Feb'y.
Light winds Westerly & fine weather. Employ'd as yesterday under the Boatswain about the Rigg's. Officers 1st, 4th & 5th.

[Page 10:]
Warren Hastings at Northfleet Hope.

Sunday 21st Feb'y 1819.
Strong gales WSW with rain at times. Clean'd ship thr'out . I visited the ship. Officers on board 1st, 4th & 5th.

Monday 22nd.
Northerly winds & cloudy weather. Receiving Bales on Acc't of the Hon'ble Comp'y & about the Rigging. Officers on board 1st, 4th & 5th.

Tuesday 23rd.
NWesterly winds much rain. Emply'd under the Boatswain. Gunner painting the insides. Officers on board 1st, 4th & 5th.

Wednesday 24th Feb'y.
Strong Westerly gale & cloudy weather. Employ'd under the Boatswain. Gunner as before. At 11am Mr Alexander Mitchell a Thames Police Officer came on board & took Nicholas Anderson a Quarter Master in custody having found in his hammock 27 yds of fine Cloth stolen from one of the Hon'ble Comp'ys Bales. Officers on board 2nd, 4th & 6th.

Thursday 25th Feb'y.
Fresh winds Westerly & cloudy weather with rain at times. Employ'd as necessary. Officers 2nd, 3rd & [?].

Friday 26th Feb'y.
Moderate Westerly in the first part - Latter light SE & rain. At 7am Mr Davis Inspector came on board when we muster'd the Bales to ascertain what had been plunder'd. Officers on board 1st, 2nd, 3rd & 6th.

[Page 11:]
Warren Hastings at Northfleet Hope.

Saturday 27th Feb'y 1819.
Light Southerly winds & unsettled weather. Employ'd as yesterday taking the number of Bales otherwise about the Rigging. Blacked the bends. Officers 1, 2, 3, 6.

Sunday 28th Feb'y.
Light V'ble winds first part rain, latter fair. Washed decks & clean'd thr'out. I visited the ship. Officers 2nd, 3rd & 6th.

Monday 1st March.
Fresh breezes from the Eastward & unsettled weather Emply'd taking the numbers of the Bales & stowing them away. Rec'd the dry provisions. Officers on board 2nd, 3rd, 5th & 6th.

Tuesday 2nd March.
Fresh breeze from the Eastward much rain in the night. Employ'd in the Hold as yesterday and under the Boatswain. Officers 2, 3, 5 & 6.

Wednesday 3rd March.
Strong gales from the Eastward & cloudy weather. Employ'd in the Hold. Received the Raft & Long Boat. All officers on board.

Thursday 4th March.
Fresh breezes from the NE with rain to the latter part. Received the victualling & private Trade Beer in the Hold & about the Rigging. All officers on board.

[Page 12:]
Warren Hastings at Northfleet Hope.

Friday March 5th 1819.
Light breezes Northerly & cloudy weather. Employ'd in receiving Flints & about the Rigging. All officers on board.

Saturday March 6th.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Receiving private Trade & about the Rigging. All officers on board.

Sunday March 7th.
Light breezes from the eastward & fine weather. AM Clean'd the ship thr'out. All officers on board.

Monday March 8th.
Light breezes from ESE & fine weather. Receiving store cordage & under the Boatswain. Officers as before.

Tuesday March 9th.
Light v'ble winds & fine weather. Receiving private Trade Stores & about the Rigging. All officers on board. I joined the Ship.

Wednesday March 10th.
Light breeze WSW & cloudy weather. Employ'd as yesterday. Capt'n. & Officers on board.

Thursday March 11th.
Light breeze SW & cloudy weather. Employ'd as yesterday.

[Page 13:]
Warren Hastings at Northfleet Hope.

Friday March 12th 1819.
Winds WSW & cloudy weather. Employ'd in receiving private Trade & about the Rigging.

Saturday March 13th.
Winds NNE & cloudy weather. Employ'd in bending sails - Receiving Ships Stores & about the Rigging. Mr Blythe Pilot came on board.

Sunday March 14th.
Light v'ble winds from the westward & fine weather. Clean'd Ship thr'out. - at 9am Mr Rawes, Purser came on board with the Hon'ble Comp'ys dispatches.

Monday March 15th.
First part calm, latter light breeze WSW with fine weather thr'out. At 6am cast off from the moorings & dropp'd down - At 9 anchor'd below Gravesend in 6 f'ms. At 8am Mr Sims came on board & paid the Ships Comp'ny. At 4pm weigh'd & run down under the Fore Top Sail - At half past five anchored at Shell Haven in 7 f'ms. D'ft of water Forw'd 20f'ms. 6i. Aft 20f'ms. 7i.

Tuesday March 16th.
Fresh breezes Westerly & fine weather. Stayed the masts & set Rigging up.- Sealed the guns & loaded them.

[Page 14:]
Warren Hastings at the Downs 1819.

Wednesday March 17th.
First part light breezes, middle & latter part cloudy weather. At 5am weighed and made sail. At 1pm cross'd the flats. Least water less 4 fth'ms ran down Queens Channel & at 4pm anchored in the Downs with the following bearing South Foreland SW - Sandown Castle NWN - Deal Castle NW. Dist. off shore 2 miles in 9 fth'ms.

Thursday March 18th.
First part light winds NNW middle & latter V'ble SW. At 11am sig'l for sailing. At half past 11 weighed & made sail. At 4pm the wind heading from the SW. Bore up for the Downs. At half past 5 anchored with the best Bower - bear'gs as yesterday. At noon the Hon'ble Comp'nys Agent came on board. Mustered the Ships Comp'y. Down Top Gall't Yards.

Friday March 19th.
First part fresh breezes from the SW middle & latter V'ble from NW to NbS with rain at times. At noon struck Top Gall't Masts.

Saturday March 20th.
First & middle parts strong breezes from the NW with rain at times. Employ'd under the Boatswain. This Log ends at Noon to commence the Sea Log.

[End of Harbour Journal]


[Page 15:]
[Warren Hastings Sea Log - extracts]

Sunday 21st March 1819.
Northerly winds & cloudy weather. At 6pm pass'd the South Foreland. At 10pm Dungeness Light N Dist. 3 miles. At 10am saw the Isle of Wight bearing NWbN Dist. 7 or 8 leagues. At noon Dunnose NbW 6 or 7 leagues. In company with General Harris. The Rose & Minerva in sight. Wind being very V'ble prevented our having Divine service.

Monday 22nd March.
V'ble winds & fine weather. At 2pm Mr Blythe Pilot left the ship. At half past 6pm Culver Cliffs NW . Dunnose NNW off shore 4 leagues. At 6am Dunnose NE . St. Catherines Point NNW 6 or 7 leagues. At noon Dunnose N 5 miles. At 8am Mr Matthews Pilot came on board. At 3pm Anchor'd in St. Helens Roads with the best Bower in 9 fth'ms. St. Helens Old Church West Bembridge Point SSW. Bembridge Light SbE. Down Top Gall't Yards. This Log contains 3 hours & ends at midnight.

[Page 16:]
Warren Hastings towards Penang

Tuesday 23rd March 1819.
First part light breezes from SSW middle & latter strong breezes with rain at times. At 1pm sig'l at ½ past weighed & made sail. At 11 anchored with the best Bower in Cowes Roads in 15 f'ms. Norris Castle SbW. West Cowes Church WbS West buoy of the Middle EbS At sunset down Top Gall't Yds.

Wednesday 24th.
Thr'out moderate breezes from the SW with cloudy weather. Employ'd as necessary

Thursday 25th.
Light breezes in the first part with much rain. Middle & latter strong breeze WSW with fine weather. At noon sighted the anchor & shifted our berth. Cowes Church WbS. Norris Castle SWbS. West buoy of the middle SEbS in 14 fth'ms otherwise employ'd under the Boatswain.

Friday 26th.
Strong Westerly winds with squalls & rain. Emply'd in fitting new sails

[Page 17:]
Warren Hastings at Cowes

Saturday 27th March 1819.
Strong gales at WSW with rain at times. Struck top Gall't Masts.

Sunday 28th March.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Clean'd the Gun Deck

Monday 29th March.
Wind & weather as before. Employ'd fitting new sails.

Tuesday 30th March.
Strong gales from the Westward, cloudy W'r. Employ'd under the Boatswain Shifted the Top Gall't Masts with the long ones.

Wednesday 31st.
Thr'out strong breezes & the Westw'd, cloudy weather. AM loos'd sails to air.

Thursday April 1st 1819.
Moderate winds from the Westward & mostly fine weather . Set the Bob stays up. Stay'd the Masts & set the Rigging up. Fitted top Gall't Masts. Loos'd sails to dry.

[Page 18:]
Warren Hastings at Cowes

Friday April 2nd 1819.
Moderate Westerly winds & fine weather. AM Wash'd the Gun deck - as necessary.

Saturday April 3rd.
Light winds from the SW to WNW fine weather. AM Black'd the Bends, otherwise under the Boatswain.

Sunday April 4th V'ble winds. ESE & SSE to SSW. At 7am Hove & short. At 10 weighed made sail. At half past noon wind leading anchor with best Bower in 9 fth'ms. Pilswell Bath NW, Hurst Castle West, Yarmouth Castle WbS.

Monday April 5th.
Light winds from the NE & fine weather. At 5am weigh'd and made sail out all reefs run through the Needles. At 8am Christ Church Head NbW. Needles Light House EbN. At 10am Mr Matthews Pilot left the ship. At noon St. Aldelm's Head NbE. Water on board 20838 Galls.

[Arrived Portland Bill, England]

Towards Penang.

Tuesday 6th April 1819.
Light breezes in the first part increasing in the middle to a fresh one - Fair weather thr'out. At 4pm Portland Upper Light House NE 5 leagues from which I take my departure. Sailmaker repa'g the old mizen top sail. People as requisite. At noon a very confused swell Long: 5-55 W.

Wednesday 7th April 1819.
First & middle parts a fresh breeze. V'ble from Southward with daily rain. Latter light & fair. Sailmaker rep's the old main Top Sail. Got the anchors well up to the bows. A heavy swell thr'out. Lat: 48-28 N. Long:8-27 W.

[Page 20:]
Warren Hastings from England

Thursday April 8th 1819.
First part calm increasing in the middle to a fresh breeze, cloudy weather. A very heavy swell from the NNW which makes the ship roll very deep. Sailmaker as before. At half past 8am William West Quarter Master fell overboard cut away the life buoy & lowered a boat down but unfortunately did not succeed in saving him. Lat: 47-24 N. Long: 9-52 W.

Friday April 9th.
Fresh breeze thr'out from ENE with thick cloudy weather - the swell still continues from the north. Stowed the anchor & unbent the cables. Sailmaker as before. Lat: 43-33 N. Long: 12-24 W.

[Page 21:]
Towards China. Saturday April 10th 1819.
Strong breeze thr'out with cloudy weather & some rain. Swell somewhat abated. AM scraped & clean'd the Gun Deck - muster'd at Quarters. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat: 39-59 N. Long: 14-04 W.

Sunday April 11th.
Strong breeze thr'out with cloudy weather passing squall & rain at times. The unsettled state of the weather & the ship rolling a good deal prevented our having Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 834. Water on board 20204 gall's Lat: 36-30 N. Long: 15-57 W.

[Page 22:]
Warren Hastings from England

Monday 12th April 1819.
Fresh breezes in the first & middle parts latter light & variable. Employ'd as requisite. Sailmaker as before. At half past 10am saw the Island of Madeira bearing South dist. about 15 leagues. Lat: 33-37 N. Long: 17-29 W.

Tuesday 13th April.
Variable winds with squall & rain at times. At 5pm The Southern most point of Madeira SEbS. The body of the Island SE dist. 5 or 6 leagues. At day light the Island ESE. Shifted the main Top S'l Yard with a new one. Lat: 31-18 N. Long: 17-34 W.

[Page 23:]
Towards Penang

Wednesday 14th April 1819.
Moderate breezes & fine pleasant weather. Carpenters finishing the old Main Top Sail Yard. Sailmaker on the old Fore sail. At half past 5am saw the Island of Palma bear'g SW. At 9am the Peak of Teneriffe SbE. At noon the Peak SbE. Southern extreme of Palma WbS. Forta Ventura SE Dist. from Palma 9 to 10 leagues. Lat: 29-20 N. Long: 17-08 W.

Thursday 15th April 1819.
First part strong gales. Middle & latter moderate & fine W'r. At 6am extreme of Teneriffe from ESE to SW. Peak SbE Dist. from the shore 5 to 5 leagues Extreme of Gomera at SWbW to WSW. At half past 5am peak of Teneriffe SbE. At noon extreme of Gomera from -. Eastmost extreme of Teneriffe. EbN. Peak EbS Dist. of Gomera 5 miles. A ship in company showed French Colours. Lat: 28-16 N. Long: 17-03 W.

[Page 24:]
Warren Hastings from England

Friday April 16th 1819.
Moderate breezes in the first part decreasing latterly fine pleasant weather. At 6pm The Peak of Teneriffe NEbE. The Body of Gomera NWbN. Sailmaker rep'g the old Main & Fore sails. Got the flying Jib Boom out. I take my dep'r from the long'd of the preceding noon as it agrees perfectly with Capt. Horsburghs Charts. Lat:26-18 N. Long: 17-31 W.

Saturday April 17th. [Page 25:]
Towards Penang

Sunday April 18th 1819.
Moderate breeze & fine pleasant weather. Shifted the Fore Sail with the old one. AM Read Divine Service & mustered the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 1012½. Water on board 19191½ Gall's. Lat:21-50 N. Long: 19-25 W.

Monday April 19th.
Steady Trade & fine pleasant weather. employ'd trimmimg ship by the Head. Kept a very particular look out thr'out for rocks laid down. Lat: 17-50 N. Long: 19-44 W.

[Page 26:]
Warren Hastings from England

Tuesday 20th April 1819.
Steady Trade & fine weather. Emply'd as yesterday. Shifted the Mizen J. Sail & Middle Stay's with the old ones. Kept a good look out for the Brinella Rocks. Lat:14-54 N. Long: 19-33 W.

Wednesday 21st April.
Steady Trade decreasing in the latter part. Wash'd the Gun Deck as necessary. Sailmaker rep's the 2nd Mizen Top Sail. Lat: 12-03 N. Long: 19-24 W.

[Page 27:]
Towards Penang

Thursday 22nd April.
Light variable winds & fine weather. A swell from the NW with a great rippling in the middle part of this Log. AM Got a pull at the Bob Stays. Stayed the Master do & set the Rigging up. Lat: 10-20 N. Long: 19-16 W.

Friday 23rd April 1819.
Variable winds & fine weather. Employ'd trimming ship. Sailmaker repair'g the best Fore Top Gall't S'l. Lat: 8-50 N. Long: 19-30 W.

[Page 28:]
Warren Hastings from England

Saturday April 24th 1819.
Light variable with fine weather. AM wash'd & cleaned the Gun Deck. Carpenter making a Pole & Main Top Gall't Mast. Shifted the Fore & Main Top Sails with the old ones. Lat: 7-00. N. Long: 18-48 W.

Sunday April 25th Light V'ble winds & fine weather. At 1pm Two strange sails in the NW Quarter. Suppose them to be the Rose & Minerva. Variable winds prevented having Divine Service. The weeks expenditure 996 ½. Water on board 18195½ Gall's Lat: 5-03 N. Long: 18-22 W.

[Page 29:]
Towards Penang

Monday April 26th 1819.
Light V'ble winds from NE to NW & unsettl’d cloudy weather. A swell from the Southward. Employ'd as requisite. Sailmaker middle stitching the 2nd best. Lat: 4-17 N. Long: 18-06 W.

Tuesday April 27th.
Light variable winds and unsettled squally weather. Lat: 3-56 N. Long: 18-07 W.

[Page 30:]
Warren Hastings from England

Wednesday 28th April 1819.
Thr'out unsettled with squalls & hard rain. Thunder & lightning. Watch as requisite. Carpenter tongueing the Gaff. Lat: 3-24 N. Long: 18-12 W.

Thursday 29th April.
Usual fine weather. Sailmaker repairing the small Jib. Lat: 3-04 N. Long: 18-12 W.

[Page 31:]
Towards Penang

Friday April 30th 1819>.br> do wind & weather. Employ'd trimming ship. Lat:2-11 N. Long: 18-12 W.

Saturday May 1st 1819.
Light variable winds with squalls & rain. Wash'd the Gun Deck. Shifted the main top Gall't mast with a new one. Lat: 1-43 N. Long: 17-57 W.

[Page 32:]
Warren Hastings from England

Sunday 2nd May 1819.
Variable winds & unsettled weather. The state of the weather prevented Divine Service. The weeks expenditure 1001. Water on board 17194. Lat: 1-37 N. Long: 17-30 W.

Monday 3rd May.
Variable winds with squalls of rain in the middle part. Employ'd as necessary & trimming ship. Lat: 0-49 N. Long: 18-31 W.

[Page 33:]
Towards Penang

Tuesday 4th May 1819.
Moderate breeze from SE the first latter part, middle squally from the NW to NE with rain. Employ'd as necessary. Lat: 00-00. Long: 18-21 W.

[The Equator].

Wednesday 5th May.
A light Trade & fine pleasant weather. Coiled the cables down in the Hold. Sailmaker altering the 2nd Mizen Stay Sail. Lat: 1-17 S. Long: 19-16 W.

[Page 34:]
Warren Hastings from England

Thursday 6th May 1819.
Increasing to brisk Trade & fine weather. Employ'd as necessary & trimming ship. Lat: 3-15 S. Long: 20-55 W.

Friday 7th May.
A steady Trade & fine weather. AM Rattled the Rigging down & under the Boats'n. Sailmaker rep'r the 2nd best Main Top Sail. Lat: 4-42 S. Long: 22-47 W.

[Page 35:]
Towards Penang

Saturday 8th May 1819.
A fresh Trade & cloudy weather. Wash'd the Gun Deck. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd Fore Sail. Lat: 6-58 S. Long: 24-33 W.

Sunday 9th May.
A brisk Trade with squalls & rain in the latter part. The Squalls prevented our having divine service. This weeks expenditure 1007. Water on board 16187 Galls. Lat: 9-21 S. Long: 25-52 W.

[Page 36:]
Warren Hastings from England

Monday 10th May 1819.
First part squally, middle & latter a fresh Trade & fair. Employ'd under the Boatswain. Sailmaker rep'r the 2nd Fore Sail. Lat: 12-17 S. Long: 26-48 W.

Tuesday 11th May 1819.
At 2pm a Brig passed at bearing ESE hull down standing to the Northw'd. Thr'out a pleasant Trade & fine weather. Shifted the Jib with the old one. Employ'd as before. Sailmaker repair'g the 2nd Main Sail. Lat: 14-13 S. Long: 27-50 W.

[Page 37:]
Towards Penang

Wednesday 12th May 1819.
First part a moderate breeze & fair - latter variable winds & unsettled weather. Wash'd the Gun Deck as necessary. Sailmaker as before. At half past 7am a strange sail bearing WSW. At noon the stranger SW coming down. Lat: 15-47 S. Long: 28-43 W.

Thursday 13th May.
Fresh Trades decreasing in the latter part. Sprung the Main Top Gall't Yard. Got up another. Lat:17-11 S. Long: 29-43 W.

[Page 38:]
Warren Hastings from England

Friday 14th May 1819.
Light Trade & mostly fair weather. Employ'd as necessary. Sailmaker fitting the New Driver. At noon a strange Brig passed by. Showed Swedish colours. Lat: 18-34 S. Long: 25-52 W.

Saturday 15th May.
Wind V'ble from SE to East with squalls at times. Wash'd the Gun Deck & as necessary. Lat: 21-03. S. Long: 31-19 W.

[Page 39:]
Towards Penang

Sunday 16th May 1819.
Moderate breeze & fine weather. AM Performed Divine Service & mustered ships company. This weeks expenditure 1004. Water on board 15182 Galls. Lat: 23-19 S. Long: 30-05 W.

Monday 17th May.
Moderate breezes from the Northward. First part fair, latter cloudy W'r. Employ'd as necessary. Lat: 24-30 S. Long: 28-02 W.

[Page 40:]
Warren Hastings from England

Tuesday 18th May 1819.
First & latter parts moderate & fair, middle unsettled & cloudy weather with rain. Employ'd under the boatswain & as useful. At daylight a strange Sail bearing N. Hull down. At noon the Stranger courses down bearing N. Lat: 25-22 S. Long: 25-29 W.

Wednesday 19th May 1819.
Moderate breeze from the Southward decreasing in the latter part. Fine weather. Employ'd as requisite. Lat: 25-26 S. Long: 23-55 W.

[Page 41:]
Towards Penang

Thursday 20th May 1819
First part light breezes latter increasing, fine weather. PM Set the Fore Main M'n Top Mast & Top Gall't. Rigging up. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd Jib. AM Employ'd working up Junk. Lat: 26-17 S. Long: 24-24 W.

Friday 21st May.
Fresh breezes thr'out first part fair, latter cloudy W'r. Employ'd as yesterday. Getting up Storm Stay Sail Stays. At 8 pm saw strange sail bearing NbE. Hull down. At noon pass'd the stranger who showed French Colours. Lat: 28-26 S. Long: 21-14 W.

[Page 42:]
Warren Hastings from England

Saturday 22nd May 1819.
Strong breezes from the NW to SW with squalls & drizzling rain in the middle part. A considerable swell from the SW. PM Shifted the fore Sail & Main Top Sails with the best. Bent the Storm Stay Sails. Sailmaker rep's the 2nd best Fore Top Sail. Lat: 30-10 S. Long: 17-43 W.

Sunday 23rd May 1819.
Strong breeze from the SW in first part, Middle & latter more moderate, unsettled squally thr'out. A large swell from the SW which makes us roll deep. Shifted the Driver & Jib with new one. The weather too unsettled to perform Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 1015½. Water on board 14167 Galls. Lat: 30-50 S. Long: 14-48 W.

[Page 43:]
Towards Penang

Monday 24th May 1819.
Fresh breezes thr'out & unsettled weather with hard squalls & rain at times. A large swell from the SW which makes us continue to roll deep. Shifted the Mizen Top Sail with the best. Carpenter tongueing the Gaff. Sailmaker altering the Driver. Lat: 32-16 S. Long: 11-18 W.

Tuesday 25th May.
First & middle parts strong breezes with squalls & rain. Latterly a hard Gale with violent squalls & rain. Shifted the Driver with the Mizen. At 10am Split the Main Sail. Unbent it. Close reef'd F'd Mizen Top Sails. In 3rd reef F.S'l. Landed Mizen Top Sail & down Top Gall't Masts & Yards. Lat: 33-41 S. Long: 7-34 W.

[Page 44:]
Warren Hastings from England

Wednesday 26th May 1819.
First & middle parts strong Gales with violent squalls & rain. Latter more moderate much lightning in the night. A high sea from the Westward. AM Bent the new Main Sail. Lat: 33-36 S. Long: 3-24 W.

Thursday 27th May 1819.
First & middle parts fresh Gales with frequent squalls & rain. Latter moderate. PM shifted the Fore Top Sail with the best. Employ'd as necessary. Lat: 34-02 S. Long: 0-06 W.

[Page 45:]
Towards Penang

Friday 28th May 1819.
Fresh breezes thr'out unsettled weather in the first part. The sea much fallen. PM shifted the Mn T. G't. Sail with the best & Fore T. G't. S'l. with the 2nd best. Employ'd trimming ship. Sailmaker repair'g the old Top Gall't Sails. Lat: 34-53 S. Long: 2-11 E.

Saturday 29th May 1819.
First part moderate breezes from the SW middle inclinable to calm. Latter increasing breeze NE & cloudy W'r. AM cleaned the Gun Deck. Sailmaker as before. Lat: 35-27 S. Long: 4-26 E.

[Page 46:]
Warren Hastings from England

Sunday 30th May 1819.
Sent the Mizen T. Gall't Mast down on deck. First part breeze increasing to a brisk Gale from NE. Middle v'ble NNE to NW with dark threatening appearance from the Westward & rain. Latter moderate & fair. The duty of the ship prevents our having divine service. Carried a light during the night. Hove new Tiller Ropes. Shifted the Fore Top Mast Stay Sail with the best. This weeks expenditure 1805. Water on board 13162 Galls. Lat: 36-06 S. Long: 8-10 E.

Monday 31st May.
Light variable winds thr'out & unsettled cloudy W'r for the most part. Employ'd as necessary. Carried a light at the Bowsprit & during the night. Lat: 36-10 S. Long: 10-27 E.

[Page 47:]
Towards Penang

Tuesday June 1st 1819.
Light variable winds in the first & middle part Latter a fresh Gale & unsettled rainy weather. Confined Thos. Burns Ord'y Seaman for neglect of Duty. At noon punish'd the prisoner with 1½ dozen lashes. Employ'd as requisite. Lat: 36-16 S. Long: 12-17 E.

Wednesday June 2nd.
Strong Gale moderating towards the latter part. Cloudy weather with rain. Watch as useful. Carried a light during the night. Lat: 36-22 S. Long: 16-08 E.

[Page 48:]
Warren Hastings from England

Thursday June 3rd 1819.
Gale moderating in the first part Middle & latter moderate breezes variable from W to NW. Fine weather. A large confused swell. Watch as required. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Gall't Sail. Lat: 36-41 S. Long: 19-11 E.

[The Cape]

Friday June 4th 1819.
A fresh breeze in the first part latter moderated fine weather. Employ'd under the Boatsw'n. Lat: 36-23 S. Long: 22-59 E.

[Page 49:]
Saturday 5th June 1819.
Moderate breezes from the northward decreasing latterly & fine weather. Clean'd the Gun Deck. Otherwise as useful Lat: 36-42 S. Long: 25-43 E.

Sunday June 6th.
Light breezes in the first part, latter moderate, very fine weather. Read Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 1012. Water on board 12149 Galls. Lat: 36-15 S. Long: 27-46 E.

[Page 50:]
Warren Hastings from England

Monday 7th June 1819.
Moderate breeze & fine weather in the first part increasing in the middle to a fresh breeze & hazy weather. Sailmaker rep'g the old lower Studd'g Sail & F. T. G't. Sail. Otherwise as useful. Lat: 36-14 S. Long: 31-29 E.

Tuesday June 8th.
First part a fresh breeze from NNE at 5pm shifted to the westw'd with cloudy weather. Thunder & much lightning. Latter part a pleasant breeze & fine weather. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Top Sail. Tradesmen as necessary. At 9am saw a strange sail bear'g N. Lat: 34-20 S. Long: 33-45 E.

[Page 51:]
Towards Penang

Wednesday 9th June 1819.
First part a moderate breeze from the SW. Middle very variable with hard rain. Latter light airs & fair. AM Clean'd the Gun Deck. Sway'd the Fore Yard higher up. Sailmaker reparing the Old Royals. Lat: 32-54 S. Long: 34-35 E.

Thursday 10th June.
Light variable winds thr'out & hazy weather. Employ'd working up Junk. Sailmaker on the 2nd best Fore Top Sail.

[Page 52:]
Warren Hastings from England

Friday 11th June 1819.
A fresh breeze from the NE & hazy weather. Emply'd working up Junk. Sailmaker rep'g the 2nd Mizen Top Gall't Sail. Shifted the mizen with the Driver. Lat: 31-56 S. Long: 34-30 E.

Saturday 12th June.
Wind mostly strong from the NE very unsettled. Threatening weather with vivid lightening thunder & rain. AM clean'd the Gun Deck. Lat: 32-21 S. Long: 35-23 E.

[Page 53:]
Towards Penang

Sunday 13th June 1819.
First part variable unsettled weather with thunder & lightning. Middle & latter moderate with squalls & rain at times. The unsettled state of the weather prevented our having Divine Service. The weeks expenditure 1014. Water on board 11135 Galls. Lat: 30-20 S. Long: 35-36 E.

Monday 14th June.
First part a fresh breeze with squalls & rain. Middle a strong Gale. Latter more moderate a large swell from the SW. People working up Junk. Sailmaker altering the Driver. Lat: 27-00 S. Long: 35-51 E.

[Page 54:]
Warren Hastings from England

Tuesday 15th June 1819.
Fine breezes from SW to SE with some squalls at times. AM Shifted the Courses & Mizen Top Sail with the 2nd best. Lat: 23-46 S. Long: 35-58 E.

Wednesday 16th June.
Strong breezes variable from SE with frequent hard squalls. Hauled the best Bower Cable up & served it. Bent the Cable & got the Anchor over the side. AM Carried away the Top Mz. Studd'g S'l. Boom. Got up another. Lat: 20-18 S. Long: 36-20 E.

[Page 55:]
Towards Penang

Thursday 17th June 1819.br> First part a fresh breeze with squalls - middle & latter moderate & fine pleasant weather. Wash'd the Gun Deck. Shifted the Fore & Main Top Sails & Main Top Gall't Sail with the 2nd best & Fore Top Main Stay with ye 2nd best. Lat: 18-22 S. Long: 38-26 E.

Friday 18th June 1819.
A light Monsoon thr'out & fine weather. Served the small Bower Cable. Bent it & unstow'd the Anchor. Sway'd the Main Yard higher up. Lat: 16-48 S. Long: 39-34 E.

[Mozambique Channel]

[Page 56:]
Warren Hastings from England

Saturday 19th June 1819.
Moderate monsoon & fine pleasant weather. Employ'd washing & cleaning the ship. Lat: 14-34 S. Long: 40-23 E.

Sunday 20th June.
First & middle parts a light monsoon Latter part fine weather thr'out. Making the land & the Duty of the ship prevented our having divine service. At half past 9am saw the Peak of Johanna bear'g NNE. At at 11 extreme of Johanna NbE. Peak of Mayotta EbS. At noon extreme of Johanna NEbE. Lat: 12-41 S. Long: 44-39 E.

[Page 57:]
Towards Penang

Monday 21st June 1819.
First part a moderate breeze & fair weather. middle & latter v'ble unsettled squally weather. Much lightning during the night. At 4pm Ext'e of Johanna Peak Dist. 20 miles. Agrees Capt Horsburgh's Long'de of the Peak 44.34. Lat: 11-08 S. Long: 44-38 E.

Tuesday 22nd June.
Light V'ble winds unsettled weather in the first part, latter an increasing breeze from the N & mostly fine weather. Stowed the anchor & bent cable. People working up Junk. Lat: 9-32 S. Long: 44-53 E.

[Page 58:]
Warren Hastings from England

Wednesday 23rd June 1819.
A strong breeze thr'out & hazy weather. Employ'd under the Boatswain & cleaning the Gun Deck. Sailmaker repair'g the old Jib. Lat: 6-20 S. Long: 45-50 E.

Thursday 24th June 1819.
A fresh breeze & fine weather. Employ'd working up the Junk. Sailmaker as before. Shifted the Fore Top Gall't Sail with the old one. Lat: 3-39 S. Long: 48-30 E.

[Page 59:]
Towards Penang

Friday 25th June 1819.
Light winds from the SE & fine weather. Employ'd working up the Junk. Sailmaker rep'g the 2nd Fore T. Gall't Sail. Lat: 2-03 S. Long: 49-52 E.

Saturday 26th June.
Light breeze in the first part middle & latter moderate & fair. Wash'd the Gun Deck. Bent the small Bower & unstowed the anchor. Lat: 0-20 S. Long: 51-45 E.

[Page 60:]
Warren Hastings from England

Sunday 27th June 1819.
Throughout moderate breeze & mostly fair weather. It being squally prevented our having Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 993½. Water on board 9127 Galls. Lat: 0-26 N. Long: 54-38 E.

[Crossed Equator]

Monday 28th June.
A fresh breeze & cloudy weather. Lightning during the night. Employ'd variously under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top Sail. Lat: 1-08 N. Long: 57-47 E.

[Page 61:]
Towards Penang

Tueday 29th Jun 1819.
A fresh breeze & cloudy weather. Employ'd as yesterday & painting ship. Lat: 1-21 N. Long: 61-05 E.

Wednesday 30th June.
A moderate breeze & cloudy weather thr'out. AM washed between decks. Caulker caulking the Top Sides, otherwise employ'd as for days past. Set up the Top Mast & Top Gall't Rigging. Lat: 1-10 N. Long: 63-56 E.

[Page 62:]
Warren Hastings from England

Thursday 1st July 1819.
A moderate breeze & fair weather. Employ'd rattling down the Rigging. Caulker on the Top Sides. Lat: 1-06 N. Long: 66-34 E.

Friday 2nd July.
Moderate breezes & fine weather. Employ'd under the Boatswain. Lat: 1-08 N. Long: 68-43 E.

[Page 63:]
Towards Penang

Saturday July 3rd 1819.
Moderate breeze & fine weather thr'out. Employ'd washing Decks. Lat: 1-15 N. Long: 71-11 E.

Sunday July 4th.
Moderate breeze decreasing in the latter part. Hazy weather. Performed Divine Service & muster'd the Ships Comp'y. This weeks expenditure 1170. Water on board 7957 Galls. Lat: 1-22 N. Long: 73-33 E.

[The Maldives]

[Page 64:]
Warren Hastings from England

Monday July 5th 1819.
Light breezes & fine weather thr'out. Roused the Sheet & Stream Cables up & coiled them in their Trees. Gunner painting ship. At half past 10am saw the Maldive Islands bearing NbW from the main Top Gall't Yard. At noon Atoll Adonsuatis from the M'z T. S'l Yard bearing N to NNW dist. 6 or 7 leagues. Lat:1-35 N. Long: 74-53 E.

Tuesday 6th July.
Light breezes & fair weather. PM Stay'd the mizen Mast & set the Rigging up. At sun set thought we saw the Islands from the Mast Head WNW. Employ'd as necessary. Lat: 1-56 N. Long: 75-22 E.

[Page 65:]
Towards Penang

Wednesday 7th July 1819,
Moderate breezes & mostly fine weather. Employ'd in stowing the Booms & painting ship. Sailmaker on the Old Fore Top Sail. Caulker on the Top Sides. Lat: 2-51 N. Long: 77-35 E.

Thursday 8th July.
Moderate breeze & mostly fine weather. Employ'd under the Boatswain. Carpenter building Stow Rooms. Sailmaker & Caulker as before. Lat: 3-29 N. Long: 80-09 E.

[Page 66:]
Warren Hastings from England

Friday 9th July 1819.
A moderate breeze & cloudy weather. Employ'd as for days past. Find an error in the Log line for which I deduct 11 miles. Lat: 4-05 N. Long: 82-38 E.

Saturday 10th July.
Variable winds from the Southward & squally weather with rain. Employ's as requisite. Lat: 4-30 N. Long: 85-35 E.

[Page 67:]
Towards Penang

Sunday 11th July 1819.
A fresh monsoon thr'out & cloudy weather. AM performed Divine Service & mustered the ships company. This weeks expenditure 1169. Water on board 6787 Galls. Lat: 4-53 N. Long: 88-48 E.

Monday 12th July.
A fresh monsoon with squally unsettled weather. Employ'd under the Boatswain & as necessary. Sailmaker on the old Fore Top Sail. Lat: 5-37 N. Long: --.

[Page 68:]
Warren Hastings from England

Tuesday 13th July 1819.
A fresh monsoon with unsettled squally weather & rain at times. AM Bent the best Bower & sheet cables & unstowed the anchors. At 6am saw Po. Brasse bear'g EbS. Too hazy to see other land. At 8am saw the land about Achem Head & Pulo Way. At half past 10 Po. Rondo EbN. At noon Po. Rondo East. Body of Po. Brasse SbE. Extreme of Po. Way SbE. Lat: 6-04 N. Long: 94-57 E.

Wednesday 14th July.
First part a good monsoon. Latter light V'ble winds. At 5pm Po. Rondo SbW Dist. 7 leagues. Extreme of the land to the Eastward SbE. Po. Way SbW. Golden Mountain SbE. Employ'd as requisite. Lat: 6-24 N. Long: 97-06 E.

[Page 69:]
Towards Penang

Thursday 15th July 1819.
Light V'ble winds in the first & latter part. Middle moderate SE fine W'r. Sailmaker repairing the Old Mizen Top Sail. At noon 2 strangers in sight. Ship & a Brig stand'g to the Eastw'd. Lat: 6-47 N. Long: 90-16 E.

Friday 16th July 1819.
Light variable winds thr'out. Hots sultry weather. Employ'd as requisite. At 6am saw the Pilgrims bear'g NbE. Po. Bouton ESE. At noon Po. Bouton EbS. Po. Mohea EbN. Pilgrims EbN. Brothers WbN. some rocks which we take to be the Sangald Rocks NNE seen from half way up the miz'n Rigging. Lat: 7-01 N. Long: --.

[Page 70:]
Warren Hastings towards Penang

Saturday 17th July 1819.
Thr'out light variable winds & fine weather. At 5pm North extreme of the Pilgrims NbE. The Body of Mohea NbE Extreme of Pulo Bouton SbSE. Fine blue mud. AM wash'd the Gun Deck. At day light Po. Bouton ESE. At noon Extr's of Po. Bouton NWbN. The Dome NEbE. Extremes of Po. Laddas East. Dist. from Bouton 6 leagues. Lancara EbN. Lat: 6-14 N. Long: --.

Sunday 18th July 1819.
Light variable winds & hot sultry weather. At 6pm Bouton Dome NbE. South extreme of the LaddasEbN. At noon extreme of the Lancaras from NbE to NbW. The - from the mizen Rigging EbS. Dome of Bouton NbW. Dist. 13 or 14 leagues. High land of Queda EbS. Penang SEbE. Lat: 5-57 N. Long: --.

[Page 71:]
Warren Hastings at Penang

Monday 19th July 1819,
Throughout V'ble winds with squalls at times. At 9pm Bouton Dome NbW. Nth extreme of Lancara NbW. Bounting Island EbN. End pt Penang EbS. Turning to Windward, wind V'ble & squally: At 2pm The ebb making anchored in 15 f'ms. At 4pm A light breeze from WSW weigh'd & made sail. At 8 The wind falling light. & heading anchored with the best Bower in 9 f'ms. The Log contains 36 hours.

At Penang.

[An island (length 15 miles and breadth 5 - 10 miles) was one of the British Straits Settlements & lies at the northern extremity of the Strait of Malacca, 2 to 10 miles from the west coast of the Malay peninsula. The Raja of Kedah ceded Penang to the English in 1785 & 13 years later the Province of Wellesley on the peninsula opposite was acquired in order to put down piracy. In 1805 The East India Company, the proprietors of the settlement made Penang a presidency of equal rank with Bombay & Madras. Wellesley is the family name of the Duke of Wellington.]

Tuesday 20th July 1819.
First part squally from the northward with rain. Middle variable SW & fine weather. At 5AM weighed & made all sail. At 7 crossed the flatts best water 5 f'ms. At 10 passed Po. Tuccon. At noon anchor'd abreast the First Moor'd Ship. Whole cable each way. No bent sails. -.

Wednesday 21st.
Thr'out V'ble winds & fine weather. Employ'd in the Hold as necessary.

[Page 72:]
Warren Hastings

Thursday 22nd July 1819.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employ'd in the Hold.

Friday 23rd.
V'ble winds with much rain in the latter part. Employ'd as for days past.

Saturday 24th.
Northerly winds & fine weather. Wash'd the Gun Deck. & under the Boatswain.

Sunday 25th.
Wind mostly from the north'd with fine weather. Arrived here the Lowther Castle & Charles Grant from Bombay.

Monday 26th July.
Light Northerly winds & fine weather. Delivering private Trade & under the Boatswain. Caulker on the Bends. Sailmaker rep'g the 2nd best F'r T. S'l.

Tuesday 27th.
Southerly winds thr'out & fine W'r. Employ'd as yesterday.

Wednesday 28th.
Light v'ble winds thr'out with heavy rain in the latter part. Employ'd as before.

Thursday 29th.
Winds as yesterday with showers. Employ'd in the Hold & under the Boatswain.

[Page 73:]
At Penang

Friday 30th July 1819.
Light V'ble winds from the Southward & cloudy weather. Set the Bobstays up. Set Rigging fore & aft.

Saturday 31st July.
Light v'ble winds from the Northward & fine weather. Wash'd the Gun Deck & rattled the Rigging down.

Sunday 1st August.
V'ble winds from the southward & fine weather.

Monday 2nd August.
Northerly winds with heavy rain in the first part. Employ'd in the Hold & under the Boatswain.

Tuesday 3rd August.
Squally from the North'd with much rain in the first & latter parts. Employ'd as yesterday.

Wednesday 4th August.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employ'd as before.

Thursday 5th August.
First & middle parts fresh breezes from the Northw'd with heavy rain. Latter light V'ble winds & fine weather. Employ'd as for days past. Anch'd here H. M. Ship Topaze.

Friday 6th August.
First & middle parts strong breezes from the Southw'd with heavy rain. Latter moderate & fine. Emp'd as before. Sail'd hence the Lowther & Charles Grant.

[Page 74:]
Warren Hastings

Saturday 7th August 1819.
First part light V'ble Airs. Middle squally from the northw'd with heavy rain. Latter moderate & fine W'r. Employ'd under the Boatswain & receiving Rattans AM Wash'd the Gun Deck.

Sunday 8th.
Light southerly winds & fine weather.

Monday 9th.
V'ble winds from NW with squalls & rain in the middle part. Hoisted the Colours half mast on acc't of the death of Col. Bannerman the Governor. Arrived here The Marques of Camden. Rec'g Rattans.

Tuesday 10th.
Thr'out light V'ble winds from the NW with rain in the first part. Employ'd in the Hold under the boatswain.

Wednesday 11th.
NW winds with a hard squall & rain in the night. Arrived here the Inglis. Sailmaker on the best M'n Top Sails.

Thursday 12th.
Easterly winds & cloudy weather. Turning Butts N & water. Sail'd hence H.M.S. Topaze for Trincomalee.

Friday 13th
Light northerly winds & fine weather. Employ'd as yesterday & delivering the Hon'ble Comp'ys Cargo.

Saturday 14th.
Winds & weather as yesterday. Employ'd as for days past.

[Page 75:]
At Penang

Sunday 15th August 1819.
Light winds from the Southw'd & calm hot sultry weather. Wash'd the Gun Deck.

Monday 16th.
Light winds from the Eastward & fine weather. Employ'd in the Hold & under the Boatswain. Confin'd in irons William Anderson, Seaman for disobedience of Orders & insolence to Mr Probyn, 3rd Officer.

Tuesday 17th.
Light v'ble winds & sultry weather. AM Hold a Court of Inquiry on the Prisoner & finding him guilty punish'd him with 2 Dozen lashes.

Wednesday 18th.
Light winds from the Northw'd & fine weather. Employ'd as yesterday. Sail'd hence the Camden.

Thursday 19th.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employ'd as for days past & under the Boatswain.

Friday 20th.
Light winds from the northw'd & fine weather. Employ'd as before.

Saturday 21st.
Light V'ble winds with heavy rain in the middle part. Wash'd the Gun Deck and under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Sail.

Sunday 22nd.
Wind mostly from the NE & fine weather. AM Arrived here the Waterloo from Bengal.

[Page 76:]
Warren Hastings

Monday 23rd August 1819.
Fresh breezes from the southward & fine W'r. Receiving Rattans, otherwise under the Boatswain. Arrived here the General Kyd & Windsor from Madras.

Tuesday 24th.
Wind & weather as yesterday with a hard squall in the first part. Employ'd as yesterday.

Wednesday 25th.
Light V'ble winds with rain in the night. Employ'd as yesterday.

Thursday 26th.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Delivering Iron & under the Boatswain. Sailmaker making a new Quarter Deck Awning.

Friday 27th August 1819.
Northerly winds with squalls & rain in the latter part. Receiving Rattans otherwise under the Boatswain. Gunner painting outsides ---.

Saturday 28th.
Light V'ble winds & fine weather. Receiving Rattans. As necessary.

Sunday 29th.
V'ble winds mostly fine weather. Wash'd the Gun Deck.

Monday 30th.
Light winds from the Southward with much rain in the first part. Receiving Sundries as necessary.

[Page 77:]
At Penang

Tuesday 31st August 1819.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employ'd as before.

Wednesday 1st September.
Light V'ble winds & fine weather, Employ'd under the Boatswain. Confined in irons for theft Benjamin Lee & John McDonald.

Thursday 2nd Sept.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employ'd as for days past.

Friday 3rd Sept.
Strong winds from the Southward with fine weather. Employ'd as necessary.

[Page 78:]
Warren Hastings at Penang

Saturday 4th Sept.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed as before. Bent Sails.

Sunday 5th Sept.
Fresh Southerly winds & mostly fair weather. Receiving ships stores. Received Ten Javanese (Prisoners) for Malacca.

Monday 6th September 1819.
First & latter parts light breezes. Middle fresh from the southward with rain. At daylight unmoored. I hove short. At 3pm Weighed & dropped out clear of the Shipping & anchored in 10 f'ms. Receiving sundry stores.

Tuesday 7th September.
Light V'ble winds & fine weather. At half past 5pm Weighed made sail on company with The Harris. At 7 anchored in less than 7 f'ms.

Wednesday 8th September 1819.
Light V'ble winds thr'out & fine weather. At 6am Weighed with a light breeze from the NE & crossed the Flatts least water 5 f'ms. Point of Penang SWbW. AM Punish'd the Prisoners with 2 dozen lashes the crimes being fully proved against them. At noon the wind falling light & making anchor in less than 8 f'ms. Bear'g Erskins Mount SEbS. All points of Penang SbW. This Log contains 12 hours.

[Penang to Singapore]

[Page 79:]
Warren Hastings towards Malacca

Thursday Sept. 9th 1819.
First part a moderate breeze from the Northw'd & fine weather. Middle & latter V'ble from the Eastw'd. At 6pm South Point of Penang SEbS. North point of do NEbE. At 8pm Saddle Island SEbE. NW point of Penang NNEbE. At midnight Saddle Island ENE. At 6am Peak of Penang NEbN. Reading SEbE. At 8am Reading NEbE. Noon Po. Dending SbE. N extreme Po. Penang NbE. Peak of Penang NbE. Lat: 4-45 N.

Friday Sept. 10th.
Thr'out variable winds with squalls & rain. At 6pm the Body of Po. Dending EbS. Peak of Penang NbE. At half past 5am the body of Dending EbS. The Southernmost Sambelan SEbE. At half past 6 Po. Jarra from the poop SbE. At noon Po. Dending EbN. North Sambelane EbS. Po.Jarra SbW. Lat: ----.

[Page 80:]
Warren Hastings from Penang

Saturday 11th Sept. 1819.
First part a moderate breeze from NE. Middle part with hard squalls & rain. Latter light Easterly winds & fair. At 4pm Po. Jarra NbW. South Sambelane NbE. At half past 6pm Po. Jarra NWbW. South End of the Sambelane NEbN. At noon Extreme of the Malay Coast from NWbW to EbN. Lat: 5-25 N.

Sunday 12th Sept..
Thr'out V'ble winds & calm mostly fine weather. At Sunset no land in sight it being cloudy. At noon Long Arroa from the Maine Top Sail Yard SSWbW. Round Arroa SbW. Lat: 5-04 N.

[Strait of Malacca]

[Page 81:]
Towards Malacca

Monday Sept. 13th 1819.
First part light easterly winds. Middle calm, latter moderate breeze V'ble with some rain. At half past 5pm Round Arroa SSW. Long Arroa from the Mizen Top - SWbS. At day light round Arroa from the poop SWbW. At 8am Round Arroa from do SWbW Parcelar Hill EbS. Lat: 2-56 N.

Tuesday Sept. 14th.
Thr'out Va'ble winds & calme with squally weather for the middle part. At 4pm Parcelar Hill EbS. Round Arroa SWbW. At noon Parcelar Hill EbN. Lat: 2.49 N.

[Page 82:]
Warren Hastings from Penang

Wednesday 15th September 1819.
First part a light breeze from the westward & fine weather. Middle a hard squall from the W'wd with much rain thunder & lightning. Latter wind NE cloudy weather. At 6pm Parcelar Hill NEbE. Westernmost Pt. of land NbW. At 8pm Parcelar Hill NNEbE. At 8am Parcelar Hill NW. Cape Richards E. At 1pm pass'd Lanjeng. At 4pm Lanjeng EbS & Cape Richards NWbW. At half past 5pm anchored in Malacca Roads. Rohen Island NWbW. Light House NE in 13¼ f'ms. -- --

[Page 83:]
Towards Malacca

Thursday 16th Sept. 1819.
Winds mostly from the SW with rain in the first part. AM Dried sails. Deliver'd as per Order the 10 Javanese Prisoners brought from Penang. Arrived here H. Co. Ships General Kyd & Windsor. Found here our deserters in prison.

Friday 17th.
Moderate Northerly winds fine weather. AM Moored ship.

Saturday 18th.
V'ble winds much rain in the night. AM Dried sails wash'd deck.

Sunday 19th.
V'ble winds from the Eastward unsettled weather [rain] in the night. Sail'd The Kyd & Windsor.

Monday 20th.
Winds mostly from the southward with rain in the night. AM Set up the Main; Mizen Rigging. Sent the deserters on board.

Tuesday 21st.
V'ble winds from the Southward with rain in the first part. Employ'd rattling down the Rigging. PM Unmoored.

Wednesday 22nd Sept.
Light Var'ble winds from the south Rain in the first part.

[Page 84:]
Warren Hastings from Penang

Thursday 23rd Sept. 1819.
Light air @ SW & calm in the first part. Latter a pleasant breeze @ NW & squally. at 5pm Weigh'd & made sail but falling calm anchor'd with the best bower in 11 f'ms. Light House NEbN & Outermost Water Island SEbS. At 8am Outer Water Island Nb- At noon Mount Formoon EbN.

Friday 24th September.
In the first & middle parts V'ble from the NW with rain. Latter light v'ble fine weather. At 6pm little Carismor EbS. Peak of Great Carismor EbS. At midnight Pisang NW little Easeman Ebs. At 9am Body of Carismor SbW. Pisang NWbN. At noon Po. Pisang SbW Sanjing Boulus NbE. Barn Island EbS. Little Carismor WbS. At 2pm passed the Rabbit & Coney & hauled up for St, Johns. V'ble squally from the northw'd. At 4 St. Johns NE. At 6pm --[?]

[Page 86:]
Friday 24th September continued.
The Point of St. Johns & hauled into the anchorage. The wind falling light v'ble. Anchor'd with the best Bower in 25 f'ms. Flag Staff on Gea. SWbW. The Point of Singapore NEbE. This Log contains 36 hours.

[At Singapore.]

[1819, the year of this visit, was the year the East India Company established a trading post on the island. The main settlement up to that point was a Malay fishing village at the mouth of the Singapore River. The British used Singapore as a strategic trading post along the Spice Route. It became one of the most important commercial and military centres of the British Empire.]

Saturday 25th September.
First part light air from the NE. middle & latter fresh breeze from the SW with squalls & rain. At 9am Weigh'd with the Flood & stood nearer in to the Town. Anchor'd in 7 f'ms. The Flag Staff on Gea NbW. Red Cliff on Singapore NbE. Washed the Gun Deck & fumigated it.

Sunday 26th Sept.
Wind & weather as yesterday. AM Set the Main Top Mast Rigging up. At 11 Weigh'd & stood -. Anchored with the best Bower in 11½ f'ms. East point of Singapore NbE. Flag Staff on Gea. SbW. Nth point of St. Johns SSWbW. Employ'd in watering & as necessary.

Monday 27th.
Wind & weather as before. Employ'd in watering & as necessary.

[Page 87:]
Warren Hastings from Penang

Tuesday 28th Sept. 1819
Winds & weather as for days past. Completed our water.

[Singapore to Whampoa, China]

Wednesday 29th Sept.
First part light Airs from the NW. Latter increasing breeze with fine weather. At 5am Hove short & at 6 weigh'd & made all sail. At 8am Johns Hill NEbN. Point Romania NEbE bE. Body of St. Johns WbS. At noon Johns Hill NbW. Bartons Hill EbS. This Log contains 12 hours. Lat: 1-18 N.

Thursday 30th Sept. 1819.
Moderate breezes at SW & cloudy weather in the first & middle parts, latter a fresh breeze SSE & unsettled W'r. At 4pm Pidu Branse Ebs dist. mile. Bintang Hill SbE Extreme to ye Northwards NbW. 6pm Barbuct WbS. Bintang Saddle Hill SbW. Daylight saw Po. Aor WbN. 8am Po. Aor Wbs. Employ'd stowing the anchors. At noon clearing up saw the Middle Anambas bearing from EbN to EbS. Lat: 3-11 N. Long: 105-16 E.

[Page 88:]
Towards China

Friday October 1st 1819.
Variable winds from the SW & unsettled squally weather in the latter part. At 4pm Southern extreme of the Anambas SEbE. At half past 5pm A small Island EbS. Southern extreme of the Middle Anambas EbS. The North Anambas just in sight from the Poop bear'g NNEbE. Lat: 4-36 N. Long: 105-52 E.

Saturday Oct. 2nd.
Variable winds & unsettled weather thr'out. Clean'd & fumigated the Gun Deck Lat: 5-45 N. Long: 106-23 E.

[Page 89:]
Warren Hastings from Penang

Sunday October 3rd 1819.
Light variable winds & unsettled weather thr'out. Lat: 6-37 N. Long: 107-11 E.

Monday October 4th.
First part moderate from the westward & fine weather. Middle & latter unsettled squally weather with lightning & rain. A confused swell. Employ'd span lashing the Boom.

[Page 90:]
Towards China

Tuesday October 5th 1819.
Variable winds thr'out with frequent squalls & very hard rain. At 2pm Departed this life Wm. White, Seaman. AM Committed the body of the Deceased to the Deep after usual ceremony.

Wednesday October 6th.
Variable winds with very unsettled squally weather & much rain. Employ'd under the Boatswain. Lat: 8-49 N. Long: 109-33 E.

[Page 91:]
Warren Hasting from Penang

Thursday 7th October 1819.
Variable winds & unsettled weather. A swell at NW.

Friday 8th October.
Variable winds & unsettled weather much rain in the first part. Swell still continues. Emply'd drying wet sails & as useful. Lat: 16-25 N. Long: 110-32 E.

[Page 92:]
Towards China

Saturday 9th October 1819.
Moderate breezes from the SW'd with passing squalls & rain. Cloudy unsettled appearance. Got the flying Jib Boom in. Stowed the best Bower & unbent the Cable. AM Washed the Gun Deck. At 2am Departed this life Wm. Sullivan, Quartermaster. Lat: 11-51 N. Long: 111-52 E.

Sunday 10th October.
Fresh breezes from the SW in the first part. Latter moderate at SE. Cloudy weather. PM Committed the Body of Deceased to the Deep with usual Ceremony. AM Read Divine Service & mustered the Ships Company. Lat: 13-24 N. Long: 113-54 E.

[Page 93:]
Warren Hastings from Penang

Monday 11th October 1819.
Moderate breeze from the SE to East mostly fine weather. AM Shifted Fore & Main Top Sails with the best. Lat: 14-48 N. Long: 114-58 E.

Tuesday 12th October.
Moderate breeze from the Nth remaining there in the latter with fine weather. AM Clapped a missing hand[?] on the small bower. Sailmaker altering the Mizen ---- -- --- Gall't sail. Lat: 15-07 N Long: 115-30 E.

[Page 94:]
Towards China

Wednesday 13th October 1819.
Light winds thr'out & fine weather. Hauled the best Bower up to the --. Lat: 15-39 N. Long: 115-41 E.

Thursday 14th October.
A moderate breeze in the first part latter light mostly fair weather. A swell from the NE. Employ'd working up Junk. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Top Sail. Lat: 15-59 N. Long: 115-58 E.

[Page 96:]
Warren Hasting from Penang

Friday October 15th 1819.
Light variable winds & mostly fine weather. Working up Junk. Lat: 16-28 N. Long: 116-11 E.

Saturday October 16th.
Light v'ble winds & fine weather. AM Clean'd the Gun Deck. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Top Sail. Lat: 16-26 N. Long: 117-10 E.

[Page 97:]
Towards China

Sunday October 17th 1819.
Light breeze with fine W'r & smooth water. AM Read Divine Service & muster'd Ships Company. Lat: 16-26 N. Long: 118-00 E.

Monday October 18th.
Light V'ble winds & calm fine weather. Much lightning during the night. Employ'd as most useful. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore Top Sail. Lat: 16-30 N. Long: 118-11 E.

[Page 98:]
Warren Hastings from Penang

Tuesday 19th October 1819.
Thr'out light variable winds, very unsettled appearance in the middle part. Employ'd picking Oakum & Shifted the Fore Sail with the best. Lat: 16-30 N. Long: 118-36 E.

Wednesday 20th October.
do wind & weather. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore Top Sail. People at Junk stock. Lat:16-40 N. Long: 118-45 E.

[Page 99:]
Towards China

Thursday October 21st 1819.
Light variable winds thr'out fine in latter part, fair middle, Middle very unsettled dark threatening weather with thunder, lightning & rain. Employ'd as for days past. At daylight Two Ships at Leig'd light bear'g S'th. At noon Strangers as at daylight. Lat: 16-50 N. Long: 119-03 E.

Friday October 22nd.
Light v'ble winds very unsettled weather in the night. A large swell at NNE. Clapp'd a half cable service on the Sheet --. Sailmaker rep'g the 2nd best Fore Sail. At noon Strangers SWbS Courses down. Lat: 16-56 N. Long: 119-15 E.

[Page 100:]
Warren Hastings from Penang

Saturday 23rd October 1819.
A fresh breeze for the most part & large swell from NNE. At sunset the Strangers still in sight, AM Wash'd the Gun Deck. At Day light only 2 sails in sight bear'g S. Courses down. Lat: 18-03 N. Long: 118-25 E.

Sunday 24th October.
Fresh breezes thr'out with squalls & rain. A swell from NE. The weather being very unsettled prevented our having divine service. Lat: 18-15 N. Long' 120-06 E.

[Page 101:]
Towards China

Monday 25th October 1819.
Strong breeze thr'out & unsettled squally weather & high sea from the NE. At 1pm Saw the land bear'g NE. At 4pm Cape Bajadon NEbN & remarkable Hill near the coast SEbS. Extreme to the southw'd SEbS. At half past 5 Cape Bajadon NEbE. Remarkable Hill SEbS. Lat: 18-19 N. Long: 120-20 E.

Tuesday 26th October.
Strong breezes thr'out with unsettled weather & a high sea from the NEbN. Sent Fore & Mizen Top Gall't Masts on deck. At Day light a Strange Sail bear'g West. At 8 the Stranger pass'd & show'd American Colours. Lat: 19-42 N. Long: 118-19 E.

[Page 102:]
Warren Hastings from Penang

Wednesday 27th October 1819.
Strong Gale from the north thr'out. Hazy weather A very high sea which makes the ship labor considerably. Empoy'd as requisite. Lat: 19-58 N. Long: 117-49 E.

Thursday 28th October.
Thr'out a hard gale from the northw'd with violent gusts at times. Dark cloudy weather & rain a very high sea. Lat: 19-41 N. Long: 117-12 E.

[Page 103:]
Towards China

Friday 29th October 1819.
Strong gales thr'out from N to NW with dark cloudy weather & a high sea from the NE.

Saturday 30th October.
Strong gales from NW to SE with thick hazy weather & rain. A very high confused sea. PM Down Main Top Gall't Mast. I got the Jib Boom in.

[Page 104:]
Warren Hastings from Penang

Sunday 31st October 1819.
First part a strong gale. Latter moderating. much rain & a large confused sea. Making sail & prevented our having divine service. AM Out Jib Boom & f'ded the Main Top Gall't Mast.

Monday 1st November.
Fresh breezes increasing in the first part Latter more moderate a large swell from NE. At 3pm A Strange S'l NW standing to the NNW. Lat: 20-36 N. Long: 115-37 E.

[Page 105:]
Towards China

Tuesday 2nd November 1819.
Fresh breeze in the first & middle parts latter more moderate. Bent Cables & unstow'd the anchors. At half past 6am saw the land bear'g NW. At 8 Extreme of the land from NWbN to WbS in 29 f'ms. At Noon Est Point of Great Lima NW -- WbS. Peters NbW. At 1pm tacked at 3 rounded the Lima. At 5pm Linting SWbS. Peak of Lantea NWN. At 9pm Lantea at half past 11 anchored in 12 f'ms. Peak of Lintin NEbE. Sent Mr Rawes to Macao at 1pm for a Pilot.

Wednesday 3rd November 1819.
Light V'ble winds thr'out & fine weather. At 8am Weigh'd with the Flood & made sail. At half past noon wind light anchor'd in 10 f'ms Lintin Peak bear'g SSE Fansyark Rock SbE. Got a Pilot from Macao. Fidded Fore & Mizen Top Gall't Masts & crop'd[?] the Yards. p'd every 3 hours at 13 inches.

Thursday 4th November.
Light winds northerly & fine weather. At 9am weigh'd with the flood & work'd over the Flats best water -- 5 f'ms. At half past 2 anchor'd at Churmpree[?] in less 8 f'ms. Tower of Churmpee[?] bear'g NNW bN. Sampan Chou SSWbW. At half past p weigh'd in light air southerly & dropp'd thro' the Bocca. At midnight pass'd Tiger Island p'd ship every 4 hours[?] at 13 inches.

[At Whampoa, China.]

[Whampoa is an Anglicisation of the Chinese 'Huangpu' and refers to Whampoa, Guangzhou, China. Whampoa is on the Canton River, upstream from Macau (Macao) and just downstream from Guangzhou (Canton). Macau is the first port at entrance to the Canton River Estuary, from the South China Sea opposite Hong Kong Island.]

[Page 106:]
Warren Hastings at Whampoa

Friday 5th November 1819
First & latter parts light northerly winds niddle a fresh breeze. At 2am Anchor'd in 8 f'ms Tiger Island, South Sawshie Hill NE. At half past 10am Weigh'd & dropped up. At Noon passed the small Bar least water less 5 f'ms. At 3pm Anchor'd with best Bower in 7 f'ms with the following bear'gs. Tiger Island SSEbE. At half past 10 weigh'd & dropped over the 2nd far best water less 4 f.ms.

Saturday 6th Nov.
Light Northerly wind & fine W'r. At 4am anchor'd in 8 f'ms Second Bar Pagoda SSWbW. N P't of Danes Island. At Noon weigh'd & dropped up. At 5pm Anchor'd with the best Bower above the 1st Bar in less 7 f'ms.

Sunday 7th Nov.
First part Light Air middle & latter a fine breeze NE'terly & fine weather. At 1am weighed & dropped past the Brunswick Rock & at 4am anchor'd in the lower part of Whampoa Reach in 7 f'ms. At 9am weigh'd with a moderate breeze from NE & ran over the Ebb. At 12 anchor'd in the Upper part of the Reach ahead of French Island. Moor'd ship with the Swivel ½ a Cable each stay. PM Unbent Sails. Down Top Gall't & Royal Yards.

Monday 8th.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Unsure running rigging & --.

[Page 107:]
Warren Hastings at Whampoa

Tuesday 9th November 1819.
Wind & weather as before. Struck Masts & Yards & otherwise repairs under the Boatswain.

Wenesday 10th Nov'r.
Wind & weather as for days past. Employ'd under the Boatswain about the rigging.

Thursday 11th Nov'r.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employ'd as before.

Friday 12th Nov'r.
Light NEast'ly winds & fine weather. Delivering private Trade & under the Boatswain.

Saturday 13th Nov'r.
Wind & weather as yesterday, Delivering Bales on Acc't of the Hon'ble Comp'y & as necessary.

Sunday 14th Nov'r.
Light Northerly winds fine weather. AM Wash'd the Gun Deck.

Monday 15th Nov'r.
Wind & weather as yesterday, Delivering Bales on Acc't of the Hon'ble Comp'y & private Trade & under the Boatswain.

Tuesday 16th Nov'r.
Light NEast'ly winds & fine weather. Employ'd as yesterday.

[Page 108:]
Warren Hastings

Wednesday 17th Nov'r 1819.
Light northerly winds & calm fine W'r. Delivering H. C'ys Cargo & private Trade otherwise under the Boatswain about the rigging.

Thursday 18th Nov'r.
do winds & weather, Employ'd as yesterday.

Friday 19th Nov'r.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employ'd as before. Caulker on the Orlop.

Saturday 20th Nov'r.
Light Northerly winds & fine weather. AM Employ'd as for days past.

Sunday 21st Nov'r.
Fresh breezes Northerly with rain in the first part. AM Wash'd the Gun Deck.

Monday 22nd Nov'r.
Light NEasterly winds & fine weather. Delivering private Trade & under the Boatswain.

Tuesday 23rd.
Light northerly winds & calm. Fine weather. Employ'd as yesterday.

Wednesday 24th.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employ'd as before.

[Page 109:]
At Whampoa

Thursday 25th November 1819.
Light North Easterly winds & fine weather. Employ'd as before.

Friday 20th.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employ'd as for days past.

Saturday 27th.
First part light winds, latterly a fresh breeze NE with cloudy weather. Employ'd as before.

Sunday 28th.
Fresh Northerly winds & hazy weather. AM Wash'd Gun Deck.

Monday 29th.
Moderate NE winds & fine weather. Delivering private Trade & under the Boatswain. Depth of water 17 f'ms.

Tuesday 30th.
Light winds & fine weather. Employ'd delivering private Trade & as necessary.

Wednesday 1st December 1819.
Moderate easterly winds & fine W'r. AM Hauled the Sheet & Small Bower Cable up to caulk under. Delivering Flints..

Thursday 2nd Dec'r.
Light Easterly winds & fine weather. Delivering Flints. Hauled the best Bower up to caulk the Trees.

[Page 110:]
Warren Hastings

Friday 3rd Dec'r 1819.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employ'd as yesterday & receiving shingle ballast. Caulker in the Gun Room.

Saturday 4th Dec'r.
Light Airs from the Eastw'ds & calm with fine weather. Employ'd clearing the Main Hold & lumbers. Caulker as yesterday.

Sunday 5th Dec'r.
Light Easterly winds & fine weather. AM Wash'd the Gun Deck.

Monday 6th Dec'r.
Light Northerly winds & fine weather. Delivered the last of the Flints & private Trade. AM Mr Smith came on board & surveyed the ship.

Tuesday 7th.
Easterly winds with rain in the night. Employ'd in the Hold & under the Boatswain. Caulks outside.

Wednesday 8th Light.
Easterly winds & fine weather. Employ'd as yesterday.

[Page 111:]
At Whampoa

Thursday 9th December 1819.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employ'd as before.

Friday 10th Dec'r.
Light easterly winds with fine weather. Receiving Teas on Acc't of the Hon'ble Comp'y.

Saturday 11th Dec'r.
Light winds E'st & fine weather. Receiving Teas & stone ballast.

Sunday 12th December 1819.
Light north Easterly winds & fine weather. Wash'd Decks. I rec'd Guard.

Monday 13th Dec'r.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Receiving Teas on Acc't of trhe Hon'ble Comp'y & under the Boatswain.

Tuesday 14th Dec'r.
Wind & weather as before. Stowing Teas Fidded Top Masts & set the rigging up fore & aft.

[Page 112:]
Warren Hastings

Wednesday 15th Dec'r 1819.
Wind & weather as for days past. Employ'd in stowing the Hold. Sway'd the Top Gall't Masts up & rattled the rigging down. Gunner painting the Gun Deck.

Thursday 16th>,br> Light North Easterly winds & cloudy weather, much rain in the latter part. Employ'd as yesterday receiving some Slates. Caulker on the Gun Deck.

Friday 17th.
Thr'out moderate Easterly winds & constant Rain. Employ'd below under the Boatswain.

Saturday 18th.
First part moderate breeze with rain. middle & latter fresh NE winds & cloudy weather. Employ'd under the Boatswain.

Sunday 19th.
Thr'out strong N East'y winds & cloudy weather. AM Clean'd the Gun Deck.

[Page 113:]
At Whampoa

Monday 20th.
Light Easterly winds & cold weather. Employ'd under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the best M'z Top Gall't Sail. Rec'd some water.

Tuesday 21st Dec'r 1819.
Light winds & cold weather. Employ'd as yesterday. & painting the Upper Deck. Caulker on the Top Sides

Wednesday 22nd.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employ'd about the rigging & as necessary. Tradesmen as before.

Thursday 23rd.
Easterly winds & fine weather. Employ'd as before.

Friday 24th.
Light variable winds & fine weather. Employ'd as for days past.

Saturday 25th.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employ'd under the Boatswain.

Sunday 26th.
Light winds & fine weather. Wash'd the Gun Deck.

[Page 114:]
Warren Hastings

Monday 27th Dec'r 1819.
Strong breeze from the NE & clear weather, Employ'd under the Boatswain & painting the ship.

Tuesday 28th.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employ'd as yesterday.

Wednesday 29th.
Light Airs calm fine weather. Receiving water & as necessary.

Thursday 30th.
Light winds from the NE with fine weather. Employ'd under the Boatswain.

Friday 1st January 1820.
Light northerly winds & fine weather. Employ'd rattling the rigging down.

[Page 115:]
At Whampoa

Sunday 2nd Jan'y 1820.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Wash'd the Gun Deck.

Monday 3rd.
Jan'y Light V'ble Airs & fine weather. Employ'd receiving the Running Rigging & under the Boatswain.

Tuesday 4th Jan'y.
Fresh southerly winds & fine weather. Receiv'd a Chop of private Trade Tea. Otherwise under the Boatswain.

Wednesday 5th Jan'y.
Fresh NE winds & dry cold weather. Employ'd as necessary.

Thursday 6th Jan'y.
Wind as yesterday with much rain. & employ'd as necessary.

Friday 7th Jan'y.
Winds & weather as yesterday. Employ'd as before.

[Page 116:]
Warren Hastings

Saturday Jan'y 8th 1820.
Northerly winds with constant rain. Employ'd below as necessary.

Sunday 9th Jan'y.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employ'd as before.

Monday 10th Jan'y.
Wind & weather as before. Employ'd under the Boatswain. Tradesmen as necessary.

Tuesday 11th Jan'y.
North East'ly winds First part rain. Middle & latter fair weather. Employ'd as before.

Wednesday 12th Jan'y.
Fresh NE'ly winds & fair weather. Employ'd as for days past. Carpenter making a new Gaff. AM Wash'd the Gun Deck.

Thursday 13th Jan'y.
Light winds variable at SE'wrd & fine weather. Employ'd under the Boatswain. Unstowed the Booms for the Caulker.

[Page 117:]
At Whampoa

Friday 14th Jan'y 1820.
Moderate NE winds & cloudy weather. Employ'd as yesterday. Caulker on the Upper Deck. Carpenter repairing the Yawl.

Saturday 15th Jan'y.
Light winds & fine weather. Employ'd as yesterday. Caulker as before. Stowed the Booms.

Sunday 16th Jan'y.
Moderate Northerly winds & fine weather. Received Two Chops of Conger on Acc't of the Comp'y.

Monday 17th.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Received Three Chops of Teas on Acc't of Comp'y & one of private Trade.

Tuesday 18th.
Light Airs NE'ly & calm with fine weather. Received one Chop of Tea on Acc't of the Hon'ble Comp'y. Many of the chests broken. Sent their boats to attend the funeral of Capt. Dalrymple.

[Captain Robert Stair Dalrymple was born at North Berwick, Haddington, 28th Sep 1787. He was midshipman on the Winchelsea (3) 1803/4; midshipman on the Marquiss of Ely 1805/6; 3rd mate Marquiss of Ely 1808/9; 2nd mate Marquiss of Ely 1810/1 & 1812/3; Capt Vansittart (4) 1814/5, 1816/7 & 1818/9. He died on the Pearl River in China on 13th Jan 1820.]

Wednesday 19th.
Calm with fine weather. Rec'd the Chops of Hon'ble Comp'ys Tea.

[Page 118:]
Warren Hastings at Whampoa

Thursday 20th Jan'y 1820.
First & middle parts light Airs, latter strong Gale from NE with fine weather. Received one Chop of Tea on Acc't of the Hon'ble Comp'y.

Friday 21st.
A fresh breeze from the NE & fine weather. Rec'd two Chops of Teas, Silks & Nantuns on Acc't of the Hon'ble Comp'y.

Saturday 22nd.
Thr'out light V'ble Airs & calm with fine W'r. Received two Chops of Teas on Acc't of the Hon'ble Comp'y. Bent the Fore & Aft Sails.

Sunday 23rd.
Light V'ble winds & fine weather. AM Wash'd the Gun Deck.

Monday 24th.
Winds V'ble Southward & fine weather. Received Three Chops of Teas on Acc't of the Hon'ble Comp'y. & some private Trade. Bent Sails.

Tuesday 25th.
Variable winds & cloudy weather. employ'd under the Boatswain. Rec'd two Chops of Tea & some private Trade. Depth of Water 21.6 f'd. / 20.7 aft.

Wednesday 26th.
Light Easterly winds with fine weather. Rec'd two Chops of Tea & some private Trade. Many of the Chests of Congo much broken, Acquainted Mr Bosanquet of the same.

Thursday 27th.
Light V'ble Airs & fine weather. At 4AM Unmoor'd & warped down to the lower part of the Reach. Anchor'd in 8 f'ms.

[Page 119:]
Warren Hastings at second Bar

Friday 28th Jan'y 1820.
Wind & weather as yesterday. At 5am weighed & dropped down & at 6 anchor'd just above the first Bar. At 9am weigh'd & warp'd

Saturday 29th.
Variable winds with rain in the first part. AM Punish'd John George (Seaman) with Two Doz'n Lashes for Disobedience of Orders. At 9pm weighed with a light breeze from the Northward. -- over the Flood. At half past 11pm cross'd the 2nd Bar least water 4f'ms.

Sunday 30th.
Moderate Northerly winds & fine weather. At 1am Anchor'd with the best Bower in 7 f'ms about 2 miles below the Bar. Moor'd Ship a Cable each Stay. Received Three Chops of Tea.

Monday 31st.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Received Two Chops of Tea on Acc't of the Hon'ble Comp'y. Hoisted the Launch & Large Cutter & unstow'd the Booms.

Tuesday 1st Feb'y 1820.
Variable winds & fine weather. Receiving some Stores for St. Helena & set the Fore Rigging up.

Wednesday 2nd Feb'y.
Southerly winds & fine weather. Received a Chop of Tea in Acc't of the Hon'ble Comp'y and the Chow Chow Chop. Set the Main Rigging up.

[Page 120:]
Warren Hastings second Bar

Thursday 3rd Feb'y 1820.
Fresh Southerly winds & fine weather. Employ'd rattling down the rigging & birthing the Cables.

Friday 4th Feb'y.
V'ble Southerly winds & hazy weather. AM Wash'd the Gun Deck. Otherwise employ'd under the Boatswain.

Saturday 5th Feb'y.
Strong Southerly winds & cloudy weather. PM Unmoor'd ship, Received a Chop of Teas on acc't of the Hon'ble Comp'y.

Sunday 6th.
First part calm with a thick fog. middle & latter fresh northerly wind and clear weather. At 11am Mr Plowden came on board & survey'd the ship. Wash'd the Gun Deck. At 2pm Weigh'd & made sail. At 3 pass'd the little Bar. Least water 5 f'ms. Run thro' the Bars. at 7 anchor'd off Chuempee in 9 f'ms.

Monday 7th Feb'y 1820.
A moderate breeze from the NE with fine weather. At half past 5am weigh'd & made sail. At 7 cross'd the Flats least water 4½ f'ms. At 10 pass'd Lontin. At noon Macau NbN dist. about 2 leagues. This Log contains 12 Hours. Water on board 17902 Galls.

[Page 121:]
Warren Hastings towards St Helena

Tuesday 8th Feb'y 1820.
A strong monsoon & hazy weather. At 2pm The Grand Ladrone EbNNE. At 8 burnt a blue light close up. Employ'd under the Boatswain. Lat: 19-19 N. Long: 112-46 E.

Wednesday 9th Feb'y 1820.
Fresh monsoon & hazy W'r. Clean'd the Gun Deck. Otherwise working up Junk. Lat: 16-28 N. Long: 110-44 E.

[Page 122:]
Warren Hastings from China

Thursday 10th Feb'y 1820.
A fresh Trade thr'out & cloudy weather, some rain in the latter part. Carried a light during the night as f'r Sig'l. Lat: 13-12 N. Long: 111-04 E.

Friday 11th Feb'y 1820.
Fresh breezes from NE thr'out with unsettled squally weather & rain. Carried a light during the night. Lat: 10-44 N. Long: 111-21 E.

[Page 123:]
Towards St Helena

Saturday 12th Feb'y 1820.
Squally unsettled Trade for the most part very heavy rain in the first & middle parts. Lat: 8-16 N. Long: 111-21 E.

Sunday 13th Feb'y 1820.
First part a fresh breeze with squalls & hard rain. Latter light & V'ble with showers. The wind being very variable with rain prevented our having Divine Service. Lat: 7-03 N. Long: 111-18 E.

[Page 124:]
Warren Hastings from China

Monday 14th Feb'y 1820.
Light winds from the E'wd & fair weather. Wash'd the Gun Deck Lat: 6-02 N. Long: 110-50 E.

Tuesday 15th Feb'y 1820.
Thr'out light breezes from the Eastward & fine weather. Haul'd the Cables up to air. At half past 5am saw the Great Natunas bear'g SWbS. Lat; 4-22 N. Long: 108-40 E.

[Page 125:]
Towards St Helena

Wednesday 16th Feb'y 1820.
Light Northerly winds & fine weather. At 6pm Extreme of the Great Natunas from SWbW to WbN. At half past 5 am Extreme of Great Natunas from NWbW to NbW. West Island SEbE. At noon High Peak on Gt. Natunas WbN. Extreme of West Island EbS to EbS. Flat Island in sight from the Mast Head. Lat: 2-57 N. Long: 108-22 E.

Thursday 17th Feb'y.
Moderate breezes from the Northw'd & fine weather. At 4pm West Island from EbN to EbS. The Body of the Island NEbe. At Daylight the Tambelans SWbW. At 8 East extreme of the Tambelans SSW. Gap Rock SWbW. At noon the Tambelane & SWbW to WbN. Gap Rock NbW. White Rocks SbW. Dist. off shore 5 or 6 miles. Lat: 1-12 N. Long: 107-41 E.

[Page 126:]
Warren Hastings from China

Friday 18th Feb'y 1820.
Moderate breeze & Northw'd & fine weather. At 3pm saw Direction Island bear'g SSE from Mast Head. 3.30 St. Barbe from the Mast Head SSW. 6pm St. Barbe SW. Direction Island EbSE Extreme of the Tambelans NW. Lat: 1-50 S. Long: 107-25 E.

Saturday 19th Feb'y.
First & middle parts a moderate breeze NWester'd Latter a light V'ble at SW. Fair weather. At 5pm Saw Gasper Island from the Mast Head bear'g SWbW. At 6 Gasper Island from Deck SWbW. At half past 10 Gasper Island West. and at Midnight NWbN. At 2am NW. At 4am NEbE. At 5.30 Gasper Island NEbE. Tanjing Brikat WbN. Dist. 8 or 9 miles. Dist' from West Island 2¾ miles. Noon Short Water Island EbS. Lat: 5-13 S. Long: --

[Page 127:]
Towards St Helena

Sunday 20th Feb'y 1820.
Light V'ble winds in the first part. Middle unsettled rainy west with squalls latter moderate & fair. At 4pm Short Water Island EbN. At 5 Short Water Island EbN. An Island NWN. At 6 Extreme of Land from NWN to NW. The Duty of the ship prevented the performance of Divine Service.. This weeks expenditure 1049. Water on board 15834 Galls. Lat:4-19 S. Long: 106-33 E.

Monday 21st Feb'y.
V'ble winds thr'out first part squally & rain Latter fair. At 11am a strange Sail from the Mast Head bear'g NW. Made Sg'l for do. Lat: 4-29 S. Long: --

[Page 128:]
Warren Hastings from China

Tuesday 22nd Feb'y 1820.
Light N'th winds unsettled weather in the middle part. At 6am Saw land from the Deck bear'g SWbS. The North Hatcher, The Brothers, The Browers Shoal, Nicholas Po. etc. Lat: 5-09 S. Long: 106-22 E.

Wednesday 23rd Feb'y.
Light V'ble winds in the first & latter parts. Middle a moderate breeze from the SW. At Anchor 6am - 6pm. Saw West Island SbW, North Hatcher NbE, Rajah Bapa SW, Gonong Hill SW. Extreme of Thousand Islands SE. St. Nicholas Point SSW. Lat: 5-26 S. Long: 106-17 E.

[Page 129:]
Towards St Helena

Thursday 24th Feb'y 1820.
Variable winds & fine weather. At 5pm Bantam Hill SW, West Island EbN. Hunts Island SW. Set the Top Mast & Top Gall't Rigging. At 5.30am Outer extreme of Tutphin Islands SW, Batton SE. North Island NW. At noon Tamarind Peak NWbN. Dist. off shore 4 to 5 miles. Lat: 6-01 S. Long: --

Friday 25th Feb'y.
Variable winds & unsettled weather thr'out. At 4pm Tamarind Peak NE, Extreme of Princess Island SW, 8pm Crocatoa Peak EbS. At noon Crocatoa NE, SW extreme of Java EbS. Stowed the Anchors & unbent the Cables. Lat: 6-31 S. Long: 104-47 E.

[Capt. Rawes takes many bearings of islands etc. as he manoeuvres his ship to find and pass through the Sunda Strait which is a passage from 70 to 90 miles wide lying between Sumatra & Java and connecting the Indian Ocean to the Sunda / Java Sea. There are several Islands in its waters including Krakatoa (Crocatoa above). Cpt. Rawes passes by it 63 years before the catastrophic explosion in 1883]

[Page 130:]
Warren Hastings from China

Saturday. 26th Feb'y 1820.
Fresh breezes thr'out with frequent squalls & rain. At 4pm SW extreme of Java East, Princess Island NEbE. At 6pm Split the Jib, shifted it with the best. Lat: 8-50 S. Long: 104-31 E.

Sunday 27th Feb'y.
First part a fresh breeze from the Westward with hard squalls & rain. Middle & latter light variable winds & unsettled weather. A confused swell thr'out. The rain prevents our having Divine Service. Saw the strange sail bear'g SE but could not distinguish the L--d. This weeks expenditure 1061. Water on board 14773 Galls. Lat: 10-21 S. Long: 104-35 E.

[Page 131:]
Towards St Helena

Monday 28th Feb'y 1820.
Light V'ble winds with squalls & rain at times. Coiled the Cables down in their Trees & as necessary. Lat: 10-57 S. Long: 104-46 E.

Tuesday 29th Feb'y.
Variable winds & unsettled weather thr'out. A high swell from the Southw'd. Wash'd the Gun Deck. Sailmaker rep'g the 2nd best Job. Lat: 11-36 S. Long: 104-19 E.

[Page 132:]
Warren Hastings from China

Wednesday 1st March 1820.
Light breezes variable fine weather. Swell still continues. Sway'd the Fire & Main Yards higher up otherwise employ'd at Junk work Lat: 12-11 S. Long: 104-19 E.

Thursday 2nd March.
First & middle parts v[ery] v'ble at NW fair. Latter veering round to Eastw'd. Cloudy weather with drizly rain. Employ'd as necessary. Shifted the Mizen Top Sail with the old one. Lat:14-10 S. Long: 103-42 E.

[Page 133:]
Towards St Helena

Friday 3rd March 1820.
Moderate breeze from the Westward & fine weather. Employ'd as necessary. Lat: 15-17 S. Long: 103-42 E.

Saturday 4th March.
A fresh breeze thr'out increasing in the latter part. Unsettled cloudy weather. A large swell form the Southw'd. Lat: 16-10 S. Long: 104-33 E.

[Page 134:]
Warren Hastings from China

Sunday 5th March 1820.
A fresh Gale thr'out with rain at times. PM Bent Storm Stay Sails & got the flying Jib Boom in. The unsettled state of the weather prevented our having Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 1059. Water on board 13714 Galls. Lat: 16-59 S. Long: 104-55 E.

Monday 6th March.
do wind & weather more moderate towards noon. A high swell from the Southw'd. Employ'd drying sails. Lat: 17-19 S. Long: 105-25 E.

[Page 135:]
Towards St Helena

Tuesday 7th March 1820.
do winds & weather. Sailmaker rep'ing old sails otherwise as useful. Lat: 17-39 S. Long: 105-55 E.

Wednesday 8th March.
First & middle parts a fresh breeze with squalls from the Westw'd Latter moderate. A very large swell. Lat: 17-58 S. Long: 106-42 E.

[Page 136:]
Warren Hastings from China

Thursday 9th March 1820.
Variable winds & unsettled weather. AM Got a pull of the Boystays & set the Fore & Main Rigging up. Lat: 18-13 S. Long: 106-39 E.

Friday 10th March
Light southerly winds & fine weather. AM Shifted the Fore top Sail with the old one & got the Flying Jib Boom out. Unbent storm Stay Sails. Employ'd rattling the rigging down. Lat: 18-19 S. Long: 105-32 E.

[Page 137:]
Towards St Helena

Saturday 11th March 1820.
Moderate breezes & fine weather. AM Wash'd & cleaned the Gun Deck. Sailmaker rep'g the 2nd Mizen Top Sail. Lat: 18-09 S. Long: 105-35 E.

Sunday 12th March.
Brisk trade & fine weather. AM Performed Divine Service & muster'd the Ships Comp'y. The weeks expenditure 1150. Water on board 22558 Galls. Lat: 18-53 S. Long: 100-59 E.

[Page 138:]
Warren Hastings from China

Monday 13th March.
A fresh Trade & hazy weather. Employ'd working up Junk. Sailmaker rep'g the 2nd best mizen Top Sail. Shifted the Jib with the 2nd beat. Lat: 19-37 S. Long: 97-23 E.

Tuesday 14th March.
Thr'out a strong Trade & thick cloudy weather & rain. Employ'd as yesterday. Lat: 19-54 S. Long: 93-30 E.

[Page 139:]
Towards St Helena

Wednesday 15th March 1820.
A strong Trade in the 1st & middle parts latter moderating. Sailmaker rep'g the 2nd Fore Top Sail. Lat: 19-55 S. Long: 89-55 E.

Thursday 16th March.
Thr'out a strong Trade & unsettled weather. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat: 20-00 S. Long: 86-04 E.

[Page 140:]
Warren Hastings from China

Friday 17th March.
A fresh Trade thr'out & hazy weather. People working up Junk. Sailmaker as before. Lat: 20-17 S. Long: 82-07 E.

Saturday 18th March.
A fresh Trade & cloudy weather decreasing latterly. AM Clean'd the Gun Deck. Lat: 20-42 S. Long: 78-24 E.

[Page 141:]
TOwards St Helena

Sunday 19th March.
A fresh Trade & cloudy weather some rain in the morning. AM Read Divine Service & muster'd Ships Company. The weeks expenditure 1102. Water on board 11456 Galls. Lat: 21-18 S. Long: 74-44 E.

Monday 20th March.
A fresh Trade with squalls & rain in the first part. Sailmaker rep'ing the 2nd best Fore Top Sail. Lat: 21-54 S. Long: 70-41 E.

[Page 142:]
Warren Hastings from China

Tuesday 21st March.
A fresh Trade with cloudy weather. Squalls with rain at times. Shifted the Main Top Gall't with the best. Employ'd Spar Lashing the Booms. Lat: 22-30 S. Long: 66-51 E.

Wednesday 22nd March.
A fresh Trade & cloudy W'r in the first & middle parts. Latter fair. Got the flying Jib & Jib Boom out. Sailmaker rep'g the 2nd best Main Top Sail. Lat: 23-29 S. Long: 63-15 E.

[Page 143:]
Towards St Helena

Thursday 23rd March 1820.
Fresh Trade & mostly fine weather decreasing in the latter part. Shifted Courses, Fore Top Sail & Fore Top Mast. Stay Sail with the best. Lat: 24-34 S. Long: 59-59 E.

Friday 24th March.
Fresh breezes from the SEst & mostly fine weather. Employ'd under the Boatswain. Sailmaker rep'g the 2nd best Main Top Sail. Lat: 25-33 S. Long: 57-02 E.

[Page 144:]
Warren Hastings from China

Saturday 25th March.
Winds variable from the SEst with light squalls at times. Sailmaker as before. Wash'd the Gun Deck. Lat: 26-24 S. Long; 54-06 E.

Sunday 26th March 1820.
V'ble at SE in the first part & unsettled W'r with rain. Latter moderate at NE with fine weather. AM Performed Divine Service & muster'd the Ships Comp'y. The weeks expenditure 1163. Water on board 25393[?] Galls. Lat: 27-06 S. Long: 52-24 E.

[Page 145:]
Towards St Helena

Monday 27th March 1820.
Light V'ble winds fine weather. Employ'd under the Boatswain. Lat: 27-45 S. Long: 51-25 E.

Tuesday 28th March.
An increasing breeze & fine weather. Employ'd as before. Lat: 27-59 S. Long: 49-1- E.

[Page 146:]
Warren Hastings from China

Wednesday 29th March 1820.
Moderate breeze & SE mostly fair weather. AM Wash'd the Gun Deck. Otherwise employ'd trimming the Ship. Lat: 28-55 S. Long: 46-31 E.

Thursday 30th March.
Moderate breeze from the Eastward. First part cloudy latter fair W'r. Employ'd under the Boatswain. Lat: 30-06 S. Long: 43-30 E.

[Page 147:]
Towards St Helena

Friday 31st March 1820.
Light breezes variable from the Eastward & fine weather. Employ'd as yesterday. Lat: 30-29 S. Long: 42-03 E.

Saturday 1st April 1820.
Light winds variable from the Eastward with unsettled W'r in the night. Wash'd the Gun Deck. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Sail. Lat: 30-59 S. Long: 40-39 E.

[Page 148:]
Warren Hastings from China

Sunday 2nd April 1820.
Variable winds & unsettled weather with rain. The unsettled state of the weather prevented the performance of Divine Service. Weeks expenditure 1053. Water on board 9240 Galls. At daylight a strange Sail bear'g WNW --. Lat: 31-29 S. Long: 39-11 E.

Monday 3rd April.
First & latter parts a strong breeze. Middle a fresh Gale & squally with rain thr'out. A considerable swell. At 5pm The Stranger NbE. At daylight not in sight. Lat: 32-28 S. Long: 35-51 E.

[Page 149:]
Tuesday 4th April 1820.
First part a fresh breeze at SE & cloudy W'r. Middle light Airs. Latter a light breeze at SW & fair weather. Employ'd under the Boatswain. Sailmaker on the 2nd best M'n Sail. Lat: 32-45 S. Long: 34-04 E.

Wednesday 5th April 1820.
Light winds in the first part & fair W'r. Middle increasing to fresh Gale Latter more moderate. AM Clean'd the Gun Deck. At daylight a Brig bear'g North East about 5 miles standing to ye Eastward. At Noon the Brig not in sight. Lat: 32-20 S. Long: 32-26 E.

[Page 150:]
Warren Hastings from China

Thursday 6th April 1820.
First part fresh breeze middle & latter moderate with cloudy weather. Employ'd under the Boatswain. Lat: 33-00 S. Long: 30-38 E.

Friday 7th April.
First part variable winds with unsettled cloudy weather. Middle & latter a pleasant breeze at SE & fine weather. Employ'd as necessary. Lat: 34-14 S. Long: 28-46 E.

[Page 151:]
Towards St Helena

Saturday 8th April.
First part a moderate breeze increasing to strong breeze in the middle part. Fair weather & smooth water. AM Clean'd the Gun Deck & as necessary. At half past 6am saw the land from the Deck bear'g NbE. Lat: 34-43 S. Long: 24-43 E.

Sunday 9th April.
First part a fresh breeze from the Eastward. Middle decreasing Latter a moderate breeze at SW thick foggy W'r. At 4pm Saw land from the Poop at N to NE. At 6pm a large Hill at NW to NNE. Land to Westward bear'g NW. At daylight saw the Land through the haze at NE to EbN. Expenditure 1066. Water on board 8174[?] Galls. Land not seen at Noon. Lat: 34-50 S. Long: 21-08 E.

[Page 152:]
Warren Hastings from China

Monday 10th April 1820.
First part a light breeze & hazy weather. Middle & latter a strong breeze at Sw'd & cloudy weather. At 4pm Chasing up saw Cape Hanglip bear'g NEbN. At 6pm Cape of Good Hope Ne. Cape Hanglip NbE. Lat: 33-35 S. Long: 15-55 E.

[The Cape of Good Hope]

Tuesday 11th April.
A fresh breeze & cloudy weather. Employ'd as necessary. Lat: 31-14 S. Long: 12-41 E.

[Page 153:]
Towards St Helena

Wednesday 12th April 1820.
A fresh breeze & cloudy weather. AM Wash'd the Gun Deck. Caulker on the Top Sides. Gunner painting Boats. Lat: 29-19 S. Long: 10-14 E.

Thursday 13th April.
do wind & weather. AM Shifted Top Sails round. Courses - on the old ones. Lat: 27-32 S. Long: 7-53 E.

[Page 154:]
Warren Hastings from China

Friday 14th April.
Moderate breeze & SE & cloudy weather. Employ'd rattling the rigging down. Caulker on the Top Sides. Lat: 25-54 S. Long: 5-57 E.

Saturday 15th April.
Moderate breeze decreasing latterly. Cloudy weather. Employ'd painting Ship as necessary. Lat: 24-45 S. Long: 4-30 E.

[Page 155:]
Towards China

Sunday 16th April 1820.
Light winds from the Eastw'd & fine weather. AM Read Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 1042. Water on board 7131 Galls. Lat: 23-49 S. Long: 3-42 E.

Monday 17th April.
Light V'ble winds in the first part Latter a light breeze & fine weather. Employ'd painting the Mast. Sailmaker repairing the best Driver. Lat: 23-12 S. Long: 5-07 E.

[Page 156:]
Warren Hastings from China

Tuesday 18th April 1820.
Light breeze at SE increasing latterly. Employ'd serving the Cables & as necessary. Lat: 21-29 S. Long: 1-33 E.

Wednesday 19th April.
A fresh Trade & cloudy weather. Wash'd between Decks. Lat: 19-24 S. Long: 0-43 W.

[Page 157:]
Towards St Helena

Thursday 20th April.
do wind & weather. Bent Cables & unstow'd the anchors. Lat: 17-17 S. Long: 5-03 W.

Friday 21st April.
Thr'out a fresh Trade & cloudy weather. At 6.30am Saw the Island of St. Helena bear'g WbN. Made the private Sig'l to the Island which was answered. Shewed our Number. At 11.30 hove to and a boat from H. M. Ship Tees came on board & put us in quarantine. Made sail at & at 2pm Anchored in 16 f'ms with the b't Bower & moor'd ship. An Officer from the Shore released us from quarantine. This Log contains 36 hours. Found here: H.M.S. Conqueror, H. E. I. C'ys Ships Kyd, Windsor, Atlas & Bridgewater. The St. Helena Schooner & a Whaler. Arrived here the General Harris.

[At St. Helena, South Atlantic Ocean.]

[The Island 1200 miles from west coast of Africa measured 10 miles by 8. The Company took possession of the Island in 1651 remaining masters of the Island until 1834. Napoleon was imprisoned on the Island at the time of this visit. He died there the following year in 1821.]

[Page 158:]
Warren Hastings at St Helena

Saturday 22nd April 1820 Fresh Trade & cloudy. Landed the St. Helena Stores. employ'd trimming the Ship. by the stern & repair some lead & copper off from the Cut Water.

Sunday 23rd April.
do winds & weather. Sail'd home the Atlas & Bridgewater at sunset. Confined R. Barns in Irons for disobedience of Orders.

Monday 24th.
Light Trade & fine weather. Employ'd as for days past & watering ship. Confined Dan'l Ream, Seaman for insolence to Mr Probyn 3rd Officer. Sail'd hence the General Kyd & Windsor.

Tuesday 25th.
Light Airs fine weather. Completed our Water. Ship ready for sea.

Wednesday 26th.
AM Unmoor'd Ship. Light Airs N Westerly fine weather. A Liet. from his Majesty's Ship Tees came on board & took John Williams Seaman, Joseph Ware Ord'y do who had given themselves up as volunteers to H. M. Navy. This Log contains 12 hours & ends at Noon. Water on board 16030 Galls.

[St Helena to London, England.]

[Page 159:]

Thursday 27th April 1820.
First part light V'ble winds mostly at NW. Latter light breezes V'ble at SW & fine weather. At sunset weighed & made sail. At 8pm St. James Town SEbS. Dist. 7 or 8 miles. At Noon St. Helena SEbS. Stow'd the anchors and unbent the Cables. Lat: 15.24 S. Long: 6-20 W.

Friday 28th April.
Light breezes & fine weather. At half past 5pm St. Helena from the Poop Deck SEbS Dist. 23 leagues from which I take my departure. AM Haul'd the Cables up. Releas'd the prisoners R. Burns & Dan'l Ream from confinement on promise of future good behaviour. Lat: 14-14 S. Long: 6-26 W.

[Page 160:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Saturday 29th April 1820.
Moderate Trade & fine weather. Wash'd the Gun Deck, otherwise at Junk work. Lat: 12-50 S. Long: 9-05 W.

Sunday 30th April 1820.
A moderate Trade & mostly fine weather. AM Read Divine Service & muster'd the Ships Comp'y. This weeks xpenditure 698½ . Water on board 15351 Galls. Lat: 11-15 S. Long: 10-50 W.

[Page 161:]
Towards England

Monday 1st May 1820.
A moderate Trade & fine weather. Employ'd serving Best & small Bower Cables. Lat: 9-34 S. Long: 12-35 W.

Tuesday 2nd May.
A light Trade & mostly fine weather. Working up Junk. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore Sail. At 7am Saw the Island of Ascension bear'g NWbN. Dist. about 15 miles. Lat: 7-56 S. Long: 14-49 W.

[Page 162:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Wednesday 3rd May.
Steady Trade & fine weather in the first & latter parts, middle unsettled with rain. At 6pm The Island of Ascension SbSW. Wash'd Decks as necessary. Lat: 5-56 S. Long: 15-17 W.

Thursday 4th May.
A brisk Trade & fine weather. Employ'd working up the Junk. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore Sail. Lat: 3-23 S. Long: 17-01 W.

[Page 163:]
Towards England Moderate Trade & fair weather. Employ'd as yesterday. Lat: 1-21 S. Long: 18-27 W.

Saturday 6th May.
Light breezes V'ble & fine weather. AM Wash'd Decks. Set up the Top Mast & Top Gall't Rigging. Lat: 0-21 S. Long: 19-07 W.

[Page 164:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Sunday 7th May 1820.
Light V'ble airs & fine weather. AM Read Divine Service & muster'd the Ships Comp'y. This weeks expenditure 1057. Water on board 4274 Galls. Lat: 0-25 N. Long: 19-33 W.

Monday 8th May.
Light Airs V'ble at SW & fine weather. Employ'd working up Junk. Sailmaker repairing the best Fore Sail. Lat: 1-08 N. Long: 19-47 W.

[Page 165:]
Towards England

Tuesday 9th May 1820.
Light V'ble Airs, hot sultry weather. Lat: 1-29 N. Long: 20-01 W.

Wednesday 10th May.
Thr'out Light V'ble winds squally & rain in the latter part. Employ'd under the Boats'n. At daylight 2 ships & 3 Brigs in sight. Spoke the Belgique Brig bound to Rio Janerio from Liverpool. Lat: 1-56 N. Long: 20.11 W.

[Page 166:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Thursday 11th May 1820.
Light V'ble winds with squalls & rain. PM Shifted the Main Top Sail with the 2nd best. At 6am A Stranger S'l. At 11am Another stranger ENE. Lat: 2-29 N. Long: 20-19 W.

Friday 12th May.
V'ble winds & unsettled rainy weather. Lat: 2-13 N. Long: 20-33 W.

[Page 167:]
Towards England

Saturday 13th May 1820.
Light V'ble winds thr'out. AM Wash'd the Gun Deck. Lat: 2-54 N. Long: 20-52 W.

Sunday 14th May.
Light V'ble winds & cloudy W'r. Weather too unsettled to perform Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 1035. Water on board 13238 Galls. Stranger NbW, Hull down at Noon. Lat: 3-40 N. Long: 21-08 W.

[Page 168:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Monday 15th May 1820.
V'ble winds NE'ly & unsettled rainy weather. At daylight a stranger S'l NE, Hull down. Lat: 4-36 N. Long: 22-08 W.

Tuesday 16th May.
Wind V'ble from NE'wd & cloudy weather. with rain in the latter part. Lat: 5-37 N. Long: 23-56 W.

[Page 169:]
Towards England

Wednesday 17th May 1820.
V'ble at NE & unsettled weather. Employ'd as necessary. Lat: 7-07 N. Long: 24-20 W.

Thursday 18th May.
A fresh Trade & cloudy weather. Employ'd working up Junk. Lat: 8-39 N. Long: 26-08 W.

[Page 170:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Friday 19th May 1820.
A brisk Trade & fine weather. Shifted the M'z Top Sail with the old one. Employ'd working up Junk. Lat: 10-07 N. Long: 28-02 W.

Saturday 20th May.
A fresh Trade & cloudy weather. AM Wash'd the Gun Deck. Lat: 12-04 N. Long: 29-45 W.

[Page 171:]
Towards England

Sunday 21st May 1820.
A fresh Trade & cloudy W'r thr'out. AM performed Divine Service & muster'd the Ships Comp'y. This weeks expenditure 1080. Water on board 12158 Galls. Lat: 14-33 N. Long: 31-22 W.

Monday 22nd May.
A fresh Trade with squalls & cloudy W'r. Sailmaker rep'g the 2nd best Miz'n T. S'l. AM Shifted the Jib with the old one. Lat: 16-49 N. Long: 32-49 W.

[Page 172:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Tuesday 23rd May 1820.
Strong Trade & cloudy W'r. Employ'd as necessary. AM Shifted the Driver with the best. Lat: 19-25 N. Long: 33-59 W.

Wednesday 24th
A strong Trade & fine weather moderating in the latter part. PM Shifted the Main Top Sail & Main Top Gall't Sail with the best. Employ'd trimming the Ship by filling with water. Sailmaker repairing the Old Driver. Fell in with the gulf Weed. Lat: 22-00 N. Long: 35-13 W.

[Page 173:]
Towards England

Thursday 25th May 1820.
Steady Trade for the most part & fair weather. Painting the Quarter Deck. At 2am pass'd a stranger, a Brig standing to the SW. Lat: 24-12 N. Long: 36-13 W.

Friday 26th May.
Fresh breeze from the Eastw'd & mostly fine W'r. Employ'd as yesterday & at Junk work. Sailmaker repair'g the Old Mz T. G't Sail. Lat: 26-45 N. Long: 37-10 W.

[Page 175:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Saturday 27th May 1820.
Moderate breeze with unsettled squally weather in the middle part. AM Wash'd the Gun Deck. Lat: 29-00 N. Long: 37-56 W.

Sunday 28th May.
A fine breeze & pleasant weather for the most part. Weather too unsettled to admit of our having Divine Service. This weeks expenditure 1006½. Water on board 11152 Galls. At 10am a Schooner in sight bear'g NW. At 11 pass'd her showing Spanish Colours. Lat: 31-24 N. Long: 39-13 W.

[Page 176:]
Towards England

Monday 29th May 1820.
A fresh breeze with mostly fine weather. At 2am Split the Main Sail shifted it with the best. AM Roused the sails up to overhaul & air. No weed seen. Lat: 33-46 N. Long: 40-17 W.

Tuesday 30th May 1820.
Moderate breeze & fine pleasant weather. Employ'd working up the Junk. Sailmaker repairing the Old Main T. G't Sail. Shifted the Driver with the old one. Lat: 35-25 N. Long: 39-49 W.

[Page 177:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Wednesday 31st May 1820.
Light breezes at ESE & fine weather. AM Wash'd the Gun Deck. Took in the slack of the Fore Stay -e-k[?] the jungtures[?] up. Shifted the Fore Sail with the 2nd best F. T. S'l. with the best. Lat: 36-45 N. Long: 38-46 W.

Thursday 1st June 1820.
Light breezes at SE & fine weather. Employ'd getting water up out of the Lazaretto. Lat: 37-56 N. Long: 37-55 W.

[Page 178:]
Towards England

Friday 2nd June 1820.
Light breeze in the first part increasing latterly, fine weather. Employ'd as necessary. Lat: 38-56 N. Long: 35-38 W.

Saturday 3rd June.
Fresh breeze from the Southward mostly fine W'r. AM Wash'd the Gun Deck. Sailmaker repair'g the 2nd Main Sail. At 11am A strange sail Courses down - standing to the Westw'd. Lat: 40-12 N. Long: 32-27 W.

[Page 179:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Sunday 4th June 1820.
A fresh breeze & hazy W'r. A swell at ye NW. At 5am Split the Fore Top Gall't Sail shifted it with the best. Making sail & other duty of the Ship prevented out having Divine Service, The weeks expenditure 1146. Water on board 10006 Galls. Lat: 41-36 N. Long: 28-25 W.

Monday 5th June.
A fresh breeze from the Southw'd & fine weather. Employ'd as necessary. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd Main Sail. Lat: 43-15 N. Long: 24-45 W.

[Page 180:]
Towards England

Tuesday 6th June 1820.
Moderate breeze from the SE & fine weather. Employ'd as useful. Lat: 44-52 N. Long: 22-34 W.

Wednesday 7th June.
V'ble winds from SE & fine weather. AM Wash'd the Gun Deck. & as necessary. At noon 6 strangers in sight from Mast Head, 3 of them from the Deck. Lat: 46-17 N. Long: 21-34 W.

[Page 181:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Thursday 8th June 1820.
Light breezes from ESE & fine weather. At Noon 13 strangers in sight. Lat: 47-28 N. Long: 21-12 W.

Friday 9th June.
Light variable winds & fine weather. 20 Sail in sight. Lat: 48-11 N. Long: 20-19 W.

[Page 182:]
Towards England

Saturday 10th June 1820.
Light variable Airs & calm fine weather. Wash'd the Gun Deck. At noon 23 Sails in sight. Lat: 48-20 N. Long: 19-24 W.

Sunday 11th June.
Light Southerly winds - & fine weather. AM Read Divine Service & muster'd the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 1134. Water on board 8872 Galls. 26 Sails in sight. In company with the General Harris. Lat: 48-27 N. Long: 17-53 W.

[Page 183:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Monday 12th June 1820.
Light Airs & calm thr'out fine weather. Employ'd painting outside --. 23 Sail in sight. in company with The Harris. Lat: 48-27N. Long: 17-20 W.

Tuesday 13th June.
Light Airs calm unsettled weather. Shifted the Mizen Top Sail with the best. In company with the Harris & several strangers in sight. Lat: 48-16 N. Long: 17-14 W.

[Page 184:]
Towards England

Wednesday 14th June 1820.
Light Airs & calm with rain at times. AM Wash'd the Gun Deck & as requisite. Thirty Two Sail in sight. Lat:48-05 N. Long: 16-26 W.

Thursday 15th June.
Light V'ble winds in the first part. Middle & latter a light breeze from the SW fine W'r. Employ'd painting Ship & blacking the bends. 19 Sail in sight. Lat: 48-11 N. Long: 15-04 W.

[Page 185:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Friday 16th June 1820.
An increasing breeze with fine weather. Employ'd getting water up out of the Lazaretto. Lat:48-31 N. Long: 11-50 W.

Saturday 7th June.
A pleasant breeze at NW & fine weather. AM Bent the Cables & unstow'd the anchors. Lat:48-59 N. Long: 8-13 W.

[Page 186:]
Towards England

Sunday 18th June First part a moderate breeze at NW middle light & V'ble. Latter a fresh breeze & Southw'd & hazy weather. A large swell from the NW. Too much wind & motion to perform Divine Service. This weeks expenditure --. Water on board -- Galls. Lat: 49-21 N. Long: 5-08 W.

Monday 19th June.
Strong breeze with rain in the first part. Middle V'ble, Latter a fresh breeze NW hazy W'r. At 6pm took Mr Mitchel, Pilot on board. Wash'd the Gun Deck. Lat: 49-45 N. Long: -

[The English Channel]

[Page 187:]
Warren Hastings - British Channel

Tuesday 20th June 1820.
Strong breezes & hazy weather. At midnight saw The Needles Light bear'g NE. At 4am Beachy Head EbN. At 8am Beachy Hd WbN Dist. 10-. At 10am Dungeness Light NEbE. Bent the Ships Cables. At noon took Mr Read, Pilot on board. S'th Foreland NEbE. Dungeness L't House WbS. Landed the Purser with the dispatches. At 2pm Rounded the Foreland & at 3 anchor'd in the Downs. S'th Forelands SW. Sandown Castle NWbN. This Log contains 36 hours.

Wednesday 21st June.
Light westerly winds & fine weather. at 2am Weigh'd & made sail & stood the Gull Stream. At 10am anchor'd with the best Bower N. Foreland SWbW in 11 f'ms. At 1.30pm Weigh'd & turn'd to windward with the flood & at 8 anchor'd West Buoy of the Tongue NNW. North Spit Buoy. SbE.

[The Thames Estuary]

[Page 188:]

Thursday 22nd June 1820.
Light V'ble winds & fine weather. At 3.30am Weigh'd & turn'd to windward & at 8 anchor'd in Panseed Hole in 8 f'ms. At 5pm weigh'd at 7 cr'ssd the Flats, least water 11 f'ms. At 9 anchor'd abreast the Black Tail Beacon in 10 f'ms.

Friday 23rd June.
Wind & weather as yesterday. At 3.30 anchor'd abreast of Schockbury [Shoebury]Ness buoy in 8 f'ms. At 5pm weigh'd & beat to windw'd and at 11 anchor'd in the lower Hope in 7½ f'ms.

Saturday 24th June.
Light V'ble Airs & fine W'r At 3am found the Ship aground on the Knowl just below the Ness Point. carried out the Kedge & hove her off as the Tide rose. Water when aground 19 ft Forw'd & 23.6 ft abaft. At 4.30 Weigh'd & dropp'd up. At 10 Mr Burton Surveyor came on board. At 10.30 grounded on the north side of the River carried a Kedge out & at 11.30 hove her off dropp'd to the buoys at Northfleet. Made fast to the one abreast the India Arms.

Sunday 25th.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Rec'd Lumpers Employ'd in getting out the Boats Booms & some of the Guns.

[Page 189:]
Warren Hastings - river Thames

Monday 26th June 1820.
Light V'ble Airs fine weather. At 1am Mr Furguson, Pilot came on board. At 8 Cast off from our moorings & dropp'd up. At 11 The Ship took the Ground while in stays just above Greenhithe. Run out a Kedge & hove her off. Anchor'd with the best Bower.

Tuesday 27th June.
Light Airs from the eastward & fine weather. At 9.20 pm weigh'd & came up & at 2.30pm made fast to the hulk at Blackwall. Unbent Sails.

[Page 190:]
H Co Ship Warren Hastings - East India Import Dock

Wednesday 28th June 1820.
Light Westerly winds & fine weather. Employ'd unrigging the Ship and delivering Ships Stores. P'd Ship twice at 10 inches.

Thursday 29th June.
Winds Easterly & mostly fine weather. Employed as yesterady. At noon cast off from the Hulk and at 2pm haul'd to the Basin. Pump'd Ship as before.

[Arrived East India Dock]

Friday 30th June.
Winds & weather as yesterday. At 10am haul'd into the Import Dock. Pumped Ship as before.

Saturday 1st July.
Winds & weather as before. Employ'd delivering baggage & H. Comp'y Teas. P.S. once at 12 inches.

Sunday 2nd July.
Winds Westerly with much rain, no work done in the Deck.

Monday 3rd July.
Winds Northerly with rain at times. Employ'd delivering H. C'ys Teas. Pumped Ship as before.

Tuesday 4th July.
Winds as yesterday with fine weather. Emply'd as yesterday.

[Page 191:]
H C Ship Warren Hastings - East India Dock 1820

Wednesday 5th July.
Light V'ble winds & fine weather. Employ'd as before. P. Ship as before.

Thursday 6th July.
Winds & weather as yesterday, Employ'd delivering the H C'ys Teas and Private Trade. P. Ship as before.

Friday 7th July.
Light V'ble winds and cloudy weather. Employ'd as yesterday. P. Ship as before.

Saturday 8th July.
Light winds & fine weather. Employ'd delivering Hon'ble Comp'ys Teas and Private Trade. Pump'd Ship as before.

Sunday 9th July.
No work done in this dock.

Monday 10th.
Light easterly winds and fine weather. Employ'd delivering Hon'ble Comp'ys Teas and some private trade. Pump'd Ship at 11 inches.

Tuesday 11th July.
Winds & weather as yesterday. Employ'd as yesterday. P. Ship as before.

Wednesday 12th July.
Winds Easterly and cloudy weather. Employ'd delivering Hon'ble Comp'ys Teas. Pumped Ship as before.

Thursday 13th July.
Winds and weather as before. Employ'd as yesterday. Pumped Ship as before.

[Page 192:]
Friday 14th July.
H C Ship Warren Hasting - East India Dock 1820

Winds and weather as before. Employ'd as before. Pumped Ship at 10 inches.

Saturday 15th July.
Light V'ble airs and cloudy weather. Employ'd delivering Hon'ble Comp'ys Teas and Private Trade. Pumped ship as before.

Sunday 16th July.
No work done in the Dock.

Monday 17th July.
SE winds and much rain in the middle part. Delivered some Teas on Acc't of the Hon'ble Company. Pumped Ship as before.

Tuesday 18th July.
Winds & weather as yesterday. Employ'd as before. P. Ship as before.

Wednesday 19th July.
V'ble winds & fine weather. Employ'd delivering Hon'ble Companys Teas. Pumped Ship as before.

Thursday 20th July.
Winds & weather as yesterday. Employ'd as yesterday. P. Ship as before.

Friday 21st \july.
Southerly winds & fine weather. Employ'd as before. P.S. as before.

Saturday 22nd July.
Light V'ble winds & fine weather. Employ'd delivering the last of the Hon'ble Comp'ys Teas. Pumped Ship as before.

Sunday 23rd July.
No work done in the Dock.

Monday 24th July.
Light northerly winds and fine weather. At 3pm Haul'd to the River out of the Dock ready for going out.

[Page 193:]
H C Ship Warren Hastings - East India Dock

Tuesday 25th July 1820.
Fresh westerly winds and fine weather. At 1pm hauled into the Export Dock.

Wednesday 26th July.
Light V'ble winds & fine weather. Employ'd delivering Bales and sundry stores.

Thursday 27th July.
Light westerly winds and fine weather. Employ'd as yesterday.

Friday 28th July.
Winds and weather. as before. Employ'd as before. PM The Customs & Excise clear'd the Ship.

This is the continuation on my original Journal.

R'd Rawes, Commander.

Witness: G.Bryant.

END OF JOURNAL AND LOG.


The Ledger & Pay Book for this voyage has not been transcribed.


APPENDIX 1

Notes and Glossary

  1. Called to Quarters - in this context means called to action stations.
  2. Country Ships - Honourable East India Company's ships that plied between ports in the Eastern seas.
  3. ODNB - Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
  4. Editor's notes in square brackets.
  5. Extra ships - ships built in India and hired by the HEICS for a particular voyage. These were often made from better materials than those made in Britain and were considered to be longer lasting (The East Indiamen by Russell Miller).
  6. Hull Down - so far away the hull is out of sight below the horizon.
  7. Letters of Marque - A Government licence given to the owners of private ships during the time of war, commissioning them to attack and seize the ships or property of the enemy.
  8. NI = Native Infantry.
  9. The Ship's Log contains the Sea Log where entries are from noon the day before to noon on the date of entry. The Harbour Journal contains the normal 24 hours from midnight. It also seems that hour by hour events are put on the left side of the Journal form as they happen and then the Captain sits down after midday to write up the highlights of the previous 24 hours on the right side.


APPENDIX 2

Glossary of Abbreviations and Terms
Abbreviations in the log have been expanded where possible.

Please see the Wikipedia Glossary of nautical terms for additional information.

Cable's length (distance): tenth of a nautical mile (approx 101 fathoms).
1 Fathom: 6 Feet (1.8 metres).
1 league: 3 statute miles (4.828032 km) on land or 3 Nautical miles = 3.45 land miles, (5.556 km at sea). On land it was the distance one could walk in about an hour.
Nautical miles: 1.151 miles approx. The nautical mile is based on the circumference of the Earth and is equal to one minute of latitude.


Arrack: distilled alcoholic drink made from the sap of coconut flowers.
Bales: of cloth.
Bankshall: is a warehouse in the East Indies.
Bar: of sand etc., across river mouth.
Bateing: Lowering, letting down, depressing.
Beating: sailing as close as possible towards the wind (perhaps only about 60°) in a zig-zag course to attain an upwind direction to which it is impossible to sail directly; also known as tacking.
Bend, bent: to tie or attach.
Billet wood: wood for living quarters.
Bobstay: a stay which holds the bowsprit downwards, counteracting the effect of the forestay. Usually made of wire or chain to eliminate stretch.
Bowsprit Shrouds: ropes extending from the head of the Bowsprit to the bow & sides of the vessel.
Bumkin: sometimes Bumpkin - an iron bar or spar projecting from the ship’s side.
Butter nut: probably butternut squash for drinking.
C&D: course & distance.
Can/Cann: Indian hemp.
Careened: cleaning the underside of the ship of barnacles etc.
Carronade: a short smoothbore, cast iron cannon, which was used by the Royal Navy and first produced by the Carron Company in the 1770s.
Catharpining: short ropes or iron clamps used to brace in the shrouds toward the masts.
Cathead:  To prepare an anchor, after raising it by lifting it with a tackle to the cat head, prior to securing it alongside for sea. An anchor raised to the cat head is said to be catted.
Caulk: sealing crevices in deck etc.
Caulker: a filler and sealer.
Chaldron: bushels = 8 gallons.
Chist: a bag or chest containing items belonging to a sailer.
Chops: [of tea] sealed boxes.
Chow chow chop: last boat with small & personal items.
Cleat (Clete): a T shaped piece of metal or wood to which ropes are attached..
Cockets: Seals belonging to the King’s Custom House or a sealed document with certificates showing that duty had been paid on the merchandise.
Coiar [coir]: A rope made from the fibre of the Coconut in Malaysia.
Congo: "chops of congo tea" were loaded onto East Indiamen at Whampoa, China for export to England.
Conn: Position for directing a ships steerage, helm etc. (Hence modern: Conning-tower on a submarine).
Cordage: rope.
Courses down: all sails attached to lowest yards.
Crossjack: a square yard used to spread the foot of a topsail where no course is set, e.g. on the foremast of a topsail or above the driver on the mizzen mast of a ship rigged vessel.
Cuddy: a small cabin in a boat.
Cutter: small boat fitted for rowing or sailing.
D'ft: draft, depth of boat or ship.
Dawk boat: An old postal system used in Pakistan.
Dials: sense not known.
Disrate: to reduce in rank or rating; demote.
Divisions: Parade of Ships Crew.
Dolphin striker: a short near vertical spar under the bowsprit.
Dunnage: packing to protect cargo.
F'ms: fathoms.
False Fire: Used for signalling at sea at night. A composition which burned with a blue flame was packed into a wooden tube and when ignited would burn for several minutes.
Fidded: small wooden bar attached to a small mast in the upper rigging.
Fish pieces: to repair a mast or spar with a fillet of wood.
Flints: hard stone.
Fluted the fore rigging: Meaning not sure, perhaps a form of tying and folding the rigging.
F'ded: folded.
F'wd: forward, front of ship.
Frapping: to frap, the use of rope to bind.
Gaff: repair a mast or spar with a fillet of wood.
Gall't: gallant, a top sail.
Gammoned: the lashing of ropes.
Gang cask: a gang is a narrow platform on a deep-waisted ship leading from the quarter-deck to the forecastle. Presumably these casks were set on this gang.
Giggar: see Jigger.
Grapnals: A small anchor with several flukes.
Gunwale: Gun Whale - upper edge of side of ship.
Gig: Captain's gig: A light narrow ship’s boat generally rowed, at the disposal of the ship's captain for his use in transportation to other ships or to the shore.
Gunter: The gunter is defined as a wire that leads from one point near the end of a gaff to a point near the other end. A vessel with a gunter rigged mainsail is called a gunter rig.
Halse/Hawse: the shaft or hole in the side of a vessel's bow through which the anchor chain passes.
H C'ys: Honourable Company.
Hoppo: Chinese Customhouse Officers - overseers.
Hoy: a type of wherry, barge, bark, lighter, under the general description of river craft, used for transporting cargo to and from ship etc.
Hull down: ship almost beyond the horizon, only showing the sails.
Inclinable: favourable.
Jiggermast & sails: a jiggermast is a fourth mast set at the stern of the ship and carrying triangular sails.
Jolly boat: a type of small ship's boat used to ferry personnel & small items to & from the ship.
Junk: old ropes, cables, oakum etc.
Jury: a temporary sail or mast, often used in an emergency.
Kedge: anchor used for warping.
Kentledge: pig-iron etc. used for ballast - "so as to avoid tilts and shifts".
Launch: shallow draft boat.
Lazeretto: a small stowage locker at the aft end of a boat, sometimes used as a quarantine.
Leadsman: A sailor who takes soundings with a lead.
Letters of Marque: A Government licence given to the owners of private ships during the time of war, commissioning them to attack and seize the ships or property of the enemy.
Lights: lightning.
Lighters: Flat bottomed boats used for transporting cargo to a wharf, see under 'Hoy'.
Limber: detachable gun carriage.
Lumber: labourer for unloading cargo.
Martingale: lower stay of rope used to sustain strain of the forestays.
Mats, Matts: a thick web of rope yarn used to protect the standing rigging from the friction of other ropes.
Mechanics: Tradesmen .
Messenger: An endless rope or chain passing from the capstan to the cable to haul it in.
Miz: mizzen; the third and smallest mast.
Mizzling: thick mist or fine rain.
Muller: used for grinding paint colours.
Mungeet: The Bengal Madder or Munjeet, a plant whose roots are used for dying.
Nipper: short rope used to bind a cable to the moving line propelled by the capstan.
Oakum: used for sealing crevices in deck etc.
Offing: a position at a distance from shore.
Owers Light: off Selsley Bill.
Paddy: Rice with the husk or in the Straw.
Paying: filling a seam with caulking or pitch.
Pendante: A length of wire or rope secured at one end to a mast or spar and having a block or other fitting at the lower end.
People: Captain Rawes describes his crew as 'people'.
Puddening: Fibres of old rope packed between spars, or used as fender.
Quoins: Tapered blocks, probably used to prevent guns and barrels from moving.
Rattan: Tough stems of palms used for wickerwork, canes, sticks etc.
Rattling: working on rigging etc.
Roads: The term Roads (short for roadstead) indicates the safety of a port; as applied to a body of water, it is a partly sheltered area of water near a shore in which vessels may ride at anchor".
Reg'g: replacing.
Reeving: threading a line through blocks (& tackle).
Rep'r: repairing.
Requisite: required by circumstances.
Rouse: haul by force.
Rowed/row/road guard: communicating by flag.
Salt petre, beating of: meaning not known.
Scuttle: a small opening, or lid thereof, in a ship's deck or hull.
Serang: a native captain of a crew of sailors in the East Indies.
Shift: change or alter.
Shockbury: Shoeburyness.
S'l/Sig'l: signal.
Sinnet & Spun yarn: to do with rope making.
Skysails: A sail set very high, above the royals. Only carried by a few ships.
Spanker: A full-rigged ship has a spanker sail aft but not a spanker-mast.
Spoke: an action - not sure of context in this case.
Spring, sprung: split or cracked.
Spritsail: is a four sided sail usually laced on to the mast along its luff. It can range from almost square to having a pronounced peak. It may or may not have a boom, but it will always have a sprit. A sprit is a spar which supports the peak of the sail.
Standing: the fixed part of rigging that support the masts.
Stayed: secure with stays.
Steerage: Section of a ship for inexpensive accommodation with no individual cabins.
Stilt: Not known in this sense.
Stream 'anchor': A light anchor for use with a bower in narrow waterways.
Studding Gear / Sails: Long and narrow sails, used only in fine weather, on the outside of the large square sails.
Sun: Sunn-hemp – Indian Hemp.
Sway: to move or hoist.
Swayed: moved.
Swifters: a pair of shrouds fixed above the other shrouds for swifting or stiffening a mast.
Syrang: An official in India, someone in charge of a harbour craft.
Tierces: casks or crates.
Tindal: a petty officer among lascars, or native East Indian sailors; a boatswain's mate; .
Trimming: preparation for sailing.
Trestle-tree: two pieces of timber, horizontally fore & aft on opposite sides of the mast-head to support the cross-trees & mast above.
Trussel: a furled sail.
Turned: the action, in this case, of punishment such as being tied to the mast.
Twanky Tea: an inferior grade of green tea.
Trow: a small river sailing craft, much used on the river Severn.
Twined: the act of tying a man of object to the mast.
Unbent: detached.
V'ble: variable.
Warping: moving ship from one place to another.
Waist: the central deck of a ship between the forecastle and the quarterdeck.
Waist anchors: spare anchors for use in emergency.
W'r: weather.
Weigh: raise anchor before sailing.
Whiskers: spreaders from the bows to spread the bowsprit.
Wore ship: is a past tense form of "wear ship": to turn away from the wind.
Yawl: A rowboat on davits at the stern of the ship.


APPENDIX 3

Bibliography:

  • Barnettmaritime Internet Site on the explanation and history of the HEICS www.barnettmaritime.co.uk.
  • Contemporary Newspaper and Journals.
  • Miller, Russell: "The East Indiamen" publ. Time-Life Books 1980.
  • Cotton, E: "East Indiamen - The East India Company's Maritime Service" London 1949.
  • East India Company Archive - British Library. Ref: L/MAR/B/217C. Journal and Log of the H.E.I.C. Ship Huddart 10 March 1806 to 6 October 1807.
  • Eicships.threedecks.org for information concerning types of ships in the HEICS see: www.eicships.threedecks.org.
  • Farrington, A: "Catalogue of The East India Ship's Journals and Logs. 1600 - 1834". British Library 1999.
  • Farrington, A: "A Biographical Index of East India Company Maritime Officers 1600 - 1834". British Library. 1999.
  • Fay, Peter Ward "The Opium War, 1840-1842". First published 1975.
  • Gosse, P: "St. Helena 1502 - 1938" Oswestry 1990. First published London 1938.
  • Hardy, C: "Register of Ships - The East India Company 1760 - 1810" London 1811.
  • Horsburgh, John Directions for sailing to and from the East Indies, China, New Holland and the Cape of Good Hope". Published 1811.
  • Keay, J. "The Honourable Company - A History of the English East India Company". London 1991.
  • Lavery, Brian: "The Ship of the Line 1650-1850" 2 Vols. Published Conway Maritime Press 1983.
  • Macgregor, David: "Index of Merchant Sailing Ships, 1775-1815" Navel Institute Press 2001. First published London 1985.
  • Parkinson, C Northcote: "Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813" Cambridge UP 1937.
  • Pbenyon Internet Site dedicated to information on HMS ships of the period: www.pbenyon.plus.com.
  • East_Indiamen: www.wow.


APPENDIX 4

Captain Rawes

Richard Rawes, was born 2nd July, probably at the Rawes Academy, and baptised Bromley, Kent 28th July 1787. He was the second son of Richard and Mary Rawes of Bromley. His father ran the Rawes Academy in Bromley High Street, and it was almost certainly here that Richard was educated. He served in the HEICS from 1801 to 1831. His last voyage was in 1825/6. He is recorded as working at India House from 1829 till 1831 as Deputy Attendant in the Department of Clerk to the Committee of Shipping & paymaster of Seaman’s wages. At India House his superior was Captain John Valentine Baker, himself an experienced HEICS Officer, born in Bristol in 1774, his one recorded Command was on the Fame (3) in 1801 & 1803.

There is a reference to Captain Rawes in Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813 by Northcote & Parkinson, publ. Cambridge UP 1937, that gives an interesting, although not very attractive, aspect to the character of Richard Rawes:-

In most Indiamen a flogging was a rare event, inflicted for mutinous behaviour or attempted desertion. A dozen lashes at the gangway might be the maximum punishment with men like Captain Larkins or Captain Grant in command. A certain Captain Rawes, however was said to give two dozen as a minimum.
It has been noted during the transcription of these journals that heavy punishment for theft, insolence, drunkenness, disobeying orders etc., was by no means a rare event. Owing to the characters on board, the confined living conditions and the lengthy journeys, strict discipline had to be kept at all times. Whether this supports Captain Rawes is for the reader to judge.

Richard married at St. Michael & All Angels, Houghton-le-Spring 11 October 1813, Harriet, the daughter of Joseph & Elizabeth Cantwell. They subsequently had two children, Richard Joseph, baptised Bromley 5th April 1815, and Harriet Mary, baptised Bromley 1st June 1825. Both of their children died within a few months of their births. His wife died in 1828 aged 38. There is a touching letter to his cousin the Rev. John Hodgson, dated 2nd July 1829, which gives an indication of his grief over the loss of his wife. He died in 1831, being buried in Bromley churchyard 27th October 1831, aged 44. Wall memorials to him and his family were in Bromley church but the church was destroyed in WW2.

Richard became a midshipman in 1801 when he sailed on the HSC Northampton under Captain Robert Barker to Bombay and Bengal. The Northampton's principal owners were Moses Agar, John Crosthwaite and George Palmer. His voyages are recorded by Farrington:- Rawes, Richard (1784)sic., b 2 Jul & bap 28 Jul 1784sic, Bromley, Kent, so of Richard & Mary, midshipman NORTHAMPTON (2) 1801 to Bengal; 4th mate NORTHAMPTON (2) 1802/3 to Bengal; 3rd mate NORTHAMPTON (2) 1804/5 to Bengal; 2nd mate NORTHAMPTON (2) 1806/7 to Bengal; 1st mate LORD KEITH 1809/10 to Bengal; Capt. JULIANA 1811/2 to Batavia; Capt. WARREN HASTINGS (5) 1814/5, 1818/9, 1822/23 & 1824/5 to China.

There is a record of a ship called Northampton (3 under Farrington), that sailed to Australia in 1816 with 110 female convicts on board. See Wikipedia. Wikipedia however assumes, probably rightly, that Northampton 2 & 3 are one and the same ship.

Plants from China
Although Captain Rawes' main cargo would have been tea, he was also involved in bringing new varieties of plants back to England, notably Camellias, for his sister Elizabeth Palmer and brother-in-law Thomas Carey Palmer. The Palmers were plant collectors and lived at The Oakery, a large house near Bromley, Kent and within a short distance from the Rawes Academy, the home of Richard’s father and brother. In 1820 Captain Rawes was responsible for introducing the 'Camellia Reticulata' from Canton into England. The plant was subsequently named ‘Captain Rawes’ in his honour. He is also accredited to bringing in the plant 'primula Sinensis'.


Camellia Reticulata 'Captain Rawes'


Primula Sinensis


APPENDIX 5

Purser Rawes

It is to be noted that the Richard Rawes, Ships’ Purser was Captain Rawes’ friend, cousin and namesake. He was born 11th Sep 1785 and baptised at Shap, Westmorland 13 Sep. He served as Purser on the Juliana in 1811/2 to Batavia; on the Wexford 1813/4 & 1815/6; on the Warren Hastings 1818/9 to China; on the Vansittart 1820/1 & 1822/3 1824/5, 1826/7 to China. He lived at Newington, Surrey in 1819 and Stratford Grove, Essex in 1840. He died 15th Feb 1848 aged 60. Richard firstly married at Poultney with St Mary, Colechurch, Surrey 10th Mar 1814 to Mary Ann Poynter and had William Wilson in 1816 and Mary Ann in 1819. He secondly married circa 1828 Ann Bailey, a widow and had Ann in 1828 and Richard Edward in 1831/2. A memorial to this Richard was once to be found in the Parish church at Kendal.

Mary Ann Rawes married in Lambeth 9th September 1856 to George Goldsmith, Supar Intendant of Chatham Dockyard. He was the son of John Goldsmith, Purser in the HEICS and later made an Admiral. William Wilson Rawes served in the Indian Army and became Deputy Inspector General for Hospitals in the Madras Establishment.

The Morning Post (London, England), Saturday, May 13, 1826; Issue 17285. 19th Century British Library Newspapers: Part II. Purser Richard Rawes, arriving on the ship Vansittart.

Richard Rawes inherited Captain Rawes' portrait, a copy of which is to be seen above. The portrait is described as 'Cousin Richard Rawes', although the descendants of Richard Edward Rawes had incorrectly believed that they were descended from Captain Richard Rawes as opposed to Purser Richard Rawes.


APPENDIX 6

Rawes Pedigree

                            William = Isabel
                              Rawes | Wilson
                     Farmer in Shap,|
                        Westmorland |
              -----------------------------------------
              |                                       |
           Richard                             William Wilson
         (Rawes Academy)                       Farmer in Shap
         in Bromley, Kent                      = Esther Hudson 
         = Mary Thompson                       |
         |                                     |
   -----------------------        -----------------------
   |         |           |        |          |          |
Elizabeth  Robert     Richard   Robert    William    Richard = Mary Ann  
= Thomas   Booth      Captain   (Slate    (Officer   Ships   | Poynter
  Carey    (Rawes     HEICS     Quarrier  of Excise) Purser  |
  Palmer   Academy)   1787-1831                      HEICS   |
                                                   1785-1848 |
                                                             |
                                        -------------------------
                                        |                       |
                                     Mary Ann                William
                                     = Admiral George        Wilson
                                       Goldsmith RN          1816-1887
                                       son of John Goldsmith Deputy Insp.
                                       HEICS ship's Purser   General of
                                                             Hospitals
                                                             HEICS Madras
                                                             Establishment

The End