THE HONOURABLE EAST INDIA COMPANY SERVICE

This is the Journal & Log of the Honourable East India Company Ship, the Warren Hastings on her voyage to Whampoa 1824-1825. Commanded by Captain Richard Rawes.

EXTRACTS

THE JOURNAL AND SHIP'S LOG

OF THE HON. COMPANY'S SHIP

WARREN HASTINGS

(EAST INDIA DOCKS, BLACKWALL, LONDON, ENGLAND)

Written by The Commander, Captain R. Rawes

Voyage to the Far East

4 March 1825 - 25 July 1826

(British Library Ref: L / MAR / B / 9P.)

Extracted by
Bryant G. Bayliffe & Julian A. Rawes
August 2013


Contents


The HEICS


East India House, Leadenhall Street, London, 1796-1861
from Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813.

The Library of the Honourable East India Company Service is housed in the British Library in Euston, London. The HEICS library contains many thousands of records including hundreds of ships’ journals, logs, ledgers & pay books. They are contained in large ledgers, the journals & logs in one tome with the ledgers and pay books in separate books. A catalogue of these records was published in 1999 by the British Library, titled ‘Catalogue of East India Company Ships’ Journals and Logs 1600-1834’ and edited by Anthony Farrington. Most of these records have not been microfilmed. If a copy is required then a microfilm copy is made at the expense of the purchaser to whom a photostat or CD is given. A useful site for the explanation on the HEICS library is barnettmaritime.co.uk.

HEICS ships would leave from and return to London using a number of stopping points both in the Thames estuary and the south coast. Passengers would more than likely embark and disembark at these stopping points.


Map of the Thames estuary indicating some of the navigational points mentioned in the journals.

Until the opening of the East India Docks at Blackwall in 1806, Company ships moored on the tidal river alongside the Royal shipyards at Deptford. Deptford was the anchorage at the start of the Port of London. The ships moored alongside lines of moorings called tiers and all goods were offloaded on to lighters, hoys or barges and carried by them to wharves on shore or further up river.

Deptford from the South London Guide


1806 - the new East India docks at Blackwall
from Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813.


Circa 1830 - East India docks at Blackwall
from WWW.British-History.ac.uk.


Every attempt has been made to produce a faithful 'abridged' copy of the Journal and Log Book. A glossary along with explanatory notes has been added to help the reader to understand the transcript along with information of other ships and people noted in the Journal. It is realised that errors are possible owing to the difficulty of transcription. The Editor's notes can be found throughout set within square brackets.


Journals and Log Books.

A journal & log is a fascinating record of day-to-day events on board ship such as location, weather, repairs, washing decks, including the gun deck where the crew slept, discipline, loading and unloading, embarking and disembarking and external events. The ledger records everyone on board, their positions and status whether or not they left ship or perished, including passengers. There is also a distinction between the 'Harbour Journal' and the 'Sea Log'. The ledger starts as large blank pages given to the Commander or Purser at the commencement of each voyage. The journal and log is dutifully created by the Commander or assigned officer and the resulting ledger, signed by the Commander is handed in at the end of the voyage. It was the duty of the ship's Purser to deposit the ship's journals etc. at East India House.

Duplicate logs written on HEICS forms survive as in the case of the Warren Hastings in 1825-6 and the Repulse in 1831-32. These have the appearance of being soiled and original as opposed to the rather clean copies handed in to India House. It is not known how many of these copies were kept on a particular voyage or are still extant but their survival must be rare. The keeping of copy journals by midshipmen and junior officers was probably encouraged for training purposes. On a rare occasion such as with the 1822/3 voyage of the ship 'London' to Madras and China, the Captains, the 3rd mate's, a midshipman's and another journal was lodged at India House.


Example of a page from this Journal.
Monday 4th April 1831.


Warren Hastings.

The Warren Hastings off Ascension Island May 1823.,
Taken from The Old East Indiamen by E K Chatterton, Conway Maritime Press 1971.

There were five HEICS ships named Warren Hastings. The Warren Hastings on which Captain Rawes sailed was the fifth of that name. It is not recorded where or by whom she was built but she would have been a well-armed ship and in this case weighed twelve hundred tons. Her first recorded sailing was to the Cape and China in 1810/1, under Captain Gunter Lyde Browne, while her owner is recorded as John Pascal Larkins. Mr Larkins then sold her to William Simms. It is noted Warren Hastings three was still sailing to China, after number five was in operation. For the next four sailings to China, 1814, 1818, 1822 & 1825, Mr William Sims was her owner and Captain Richard Rawes was her commander. On Captain Rawes' last voyage to China in 1825, the ship ran into severe weather in which she sustained considerable damage to her structure. It was decided to change course and head for Penang in Malaysia for repairs. After leaving Penang the ship encountered a cyclone, which caused further damage and necessitated a lengthy stay at Whampoa. Whampoa was the port at Canton in China where western merchant vessels exchanged cargoes. This was the last recorded voyage of both the Warren Hastings and Captain Rawes. The ship's fate is not recorded but her condition maybe suggests that this was indeed her last voyage.

John Pascal Larkins, along with other family members, were part owners of all five ships named Warren Hastings from 1781 to 1833. To confuse matters, Warren Hastings two, [There was a major incident with number three, which was captured by the French.], was on the high seas at the same time as number five. Number two was built in 1808 was 154ft and weighed 1000 tons. She was on the seas at least until 1833 and one of her captains was Thomas Larkins.

Another log book
In 2016 an original log book from this voyage of the Warren Hastings was sold on Ebay. It has no binding and has water damage. The question arises as to the role played by this log. Is it the damaged original while the log book transcribed here is a copy handed over to the Company archive, or is it a copy made by one of the officers. A closer study of the log may result in an answer.

Farrington extract for this voyage:-
The extract from Catalogue of East India Company Ships’ Journals and Logs 1600-1834, edited by Anthony Farrington:-

WARREN HASTINGS (5): 1200 tons
Principal Managing Owners: 1 John Pascal Larkins, 2-5 William Sims

          5 1824/5 China

          L/MAR/B/9V      Journal 4 Mar 1825-25 Jul 1826

          L/MAR/B/9RR(1)  Ledger

          L/MAR/B/9RR(2)  Pay Book

          Capt Richard Rawes

          Downs 1 May 1825 - 27 Aug Penang

          - 3 Oct Singapore 6 Nov Whampoa

          - Second Bar 6 Feb 1826

          - 3 May St Helena - 23 Jun Downs


Whampoa
Whampoa anchorage, now called Huangpu, on the Pearl river, was the import and export port
for all foreign ships entering China at Canton (Guangzhou), which is about 12 miles further up river.


The Convoy

Honourable East India Company Service ships were generally well armed and capable of holding their own against single adversaries. The Journals often mention the cleaning of guns and drills taking place. Passing Royal Navy ships would occasionally come alongside Company ships and press some of the crew. However, especially in times of war, Company ships would set sail in convoy, accompanied by a Royal Navy ship with the commander described as Commodore. During the long voyage there would be a fair amount of 'watching out', both for each other and for 'strangers'. If a stranger was not identified quickly then the Royal Navy ship would peel off and give chase. Royal Navy ships would not necessarily be any larger than merchant ships, which had to provide cargo space but they were specifically prepared and better armed with their crew trained for war. A convoy would not remain fixed as there would be ships, both HEICS, Royal Navy ships and others peeling off or joining. This would be especially the case when the convoy reached its port of destination.

Seasonal weather patterns such as prevailing winds would play a part in when ships or convoys would leave England. January to July seems to have been the favoured time to set sail for the Far East.


Approaches to Bombay and Calcutta

HEICS ships bound for Bombay would sail up the west coast of India and various land marks were noted in the Journals as they approached Bombay.


The west coast of India.


HEICS ships bound for Calcutta had to navigate the Hooghly River with its tidal flows and sand banks as they headed for Saugor (Sagar), the main port for disembarkation. Various landmarks were noted in the Journals and the following link to a page on the Internet was of help with some of the names.


Part of the river Hooghly showing the island of Saugor (Sagar).


Approaches to Whampoa


Whampoa
Whampoa anchorage, now called Huangpu, on the Pearl river, was the import and export port
for all foreign ships entering China at Canton (Guangzhou), which is about 12 miles further up river.


Taken from The Opium War 1840-1842 by Peter Ward Fay.


Taken from The Opium War 1840-1842 by Peter Ward Fay.


Landmarks:
Directions for Sailing to and from the East Indies

John Horsburgh, The India Directory or Directions for sailing to and from the East Indies, China, Australia, and the interjacent ports of Africa and South America: originally compiled from the Journal of the Honourable Company's Ships, and from observations and remarks.. First published in two volumes plus supplement in 1811, is a most interesting book which describes the route and landmarks to the Far East, including approaches to the ports of India and China. An electronic version of the book is available on the Internet.

  • Vol. 1: London to the Bay of Bengal.
  • Vol. 2: Bay of Bengal to China, &c.


News Reports

The Morning Post, London: Thursday, 10 February 1825. SHIP NEWS . F. I. SAMPAYO Consul-General. Issue 16893. 19th Century British Library Newspapers: Part II.


List of Ships noted in this journal.

List of other ships mentioned in the Journal. Details of the ships have been added by the Editors from a number of sources. The reference is the page on which they are noted for the first time. The main sources for the HCS ships and for their commanders come from Farrington: Catalogue of East India Company's Ship' Journals. Another site used is: http://www.eicships.threedecks.org, a useful source for 'country' ships. Information on HM ships comes from the website: www.pbenyon.plus.com, and the Internet.
Page 6 HCS Royal George (5th of that name) Built 1820, 166ft long, 1333 tons. Sailed to China at least 3 times. Now on her 3rd and last voyage under Captain Charles Sheldon Thomas. On the 24th December 1825, (Christmas Eve) while at Whampoa, she caught fire and exploded. Her crew were saved and her log book has survived. This event was observed & assisted by the crew of the Warren Hastings on the 24th.
Page 7 HCS Lowther Castle Built 1811, 176ft long, 1427 tons. Sailed to China at least 11 times. Now on her 9th voyage under Captain Thomas Baker.
Page 10 HCS Buckinghamshire Built in Bombay 1816. 166ft long, 1369 tons. Sailed to China at least 10 times. Now on her 6th voyage under Captain Richard Glasspoole. After her last voyage under the Company flag in 1833/4, she was sold for £10,550.
Page 12 --- Prince of Orange A brig that collided with the Warren Hastings at Northfleet on 2nd April 1825. Ship is otherwise unknown.
Page 14 HCS Charles Grant Built 1810, 165ft long, 1274 tons. Sailed to China at least 12 times. Now on her 9th voyage under Captain William Hay.
Page 15 HCS Thomas Coutts Built by Barnard 1817, 166ft long, 1334 tons. Sailed to China at least 8 times. Now on her 5th voyage under Captain Alexander Chrystie.
Page 15 HCS Berwickshire Built by Charles Gordon & Co., Deptford 1821. 166ft long, 1333 tons. Sailed to China at least 6 times. Now on her 3rd voyage under Captain John Shepherd.
Page 15 HCS MacQueen Built by Brindley 1821. 166ft long, 1333 tons. Sailed to China at least 6 times. Now on her 3rd voyage under Captain James Walker.
Page 15 HCS Duchess of Athol Built 1821. 166ft long, 1330 tons. Sailed to China at least 6 times. Now on her 3rd voyage under Captain Edward M Daniell.
Page 17 HCS Huntley Castle Built in Bengal 1812. 167ft long, 1311 tons. Sailed to China at least 9 times. Now on her 8th voyage under Captain Henry Andrews Drummond.
Page 21 --- Duke of Wellington A schooner out of London, nothing else known.
Page 29 --- The Caroline A brig showing English colours. There was a frigate called The Caroline, built in Bombay in 1814, 575 tons and built for the Imaum of Muscat.
Page 30 HCS The Bombay (3rd of that name) Built Bombay 1807, 163ft long, 1243 tons. Sailed to China at least 12 times. Now on her 9th voyage under Captain John Charretie.
Page 40 --- Sir Charles McCarthy a brig on voyage to Demerara under Captain Coast. Under the Calcutta Monthly Journal for July 1836, she is listed as sailing to Mauritius. In 1837 she is listed, if the same ship, as sailing between Launceston to Glenelg in Australia.

Distant View Of The Landing Place And Iron Stores At Port Adelaide
with The South Australian Company's Store ship Sir Charles McCarthy At Anchor.
This ship was stranded in Holdfast Bay in October 1837.
The wreck was bought for whaling but was used as a floating depot due to the difficulty of landing goods here.
Copied from:- http://thebertonandeastbridge.onesuffolk.net/thebarton/william-light-painting.
Page 78 HCS The Windsor (2nd of that name) Second of that name, built by Barnard 1818, 166ft long, 1332 tons. Sailed to China at least 7 times. Now on her 4th voyage under Captain Thomas Haviside. On Tuesday August 30th Captain Haviside, Mr Edmeads 1st Officer & the Carpenter of the Hon’ble Comp’ys Ship Windsor, came on board with Mr Wright Master Attendant came on board the Warren Hastings & held a survey on the beams in the main Hold when it was decided nothing could be done towards repairing the beams till the heel of the stanchions were clear, the beams abaft having also fallen. Mr. Haviside was an experienced Officer and had been at sea since 1804 and a captain since 1815.
Page 104 HCS Repulse Built by Wigram 1820, 166ft long, 1334 tons. Sailed to China at least 6 times. Now on her 3rd voyage under Captain John Paterson

The Repulse
Page 104 HCS General Kyd Built Calcutta 1813. 1286 tons. Made at least nine voyages to China, one from India. Now on her 7th voyage under Captain Alexander Nairne.
Page 104 HCS Inglis Built 1811, 165ft long, 1298 tons. Sailed to China at least 12 times. Now on her 8th voyage under Captain Samuel Serle.
Page 104 HCS Bridgewater (5th of that name) Built 1812, 166ft long, 1276 tons. Sailed to China at least 9 times. Now on her 7th voyage under Captain John Rennie Manderson.
Page 104 HCS Kelly Castle Built by Pitcher 1818, 166ft long, 1332 tons. Sailed to China at least 7 times. Now on her 4th voyage under Captain Edward Lambert Adams.
Page 106 HCS Scaleby Castle Built at Bombay 1798, 163ft 6½in long, 1242 tons. Sailed to China at least 17 times. Now on her 13th voyage under Captain David Rae Newall.
Page 118 HCS Duke of York Built by Wigram 1817, 166ft long, 1327 tons. Sailed to China at least 9 times. Now on her 5th voyage under Captain Robert Locke. On the 21st May 1833 under the same Captain, she was sailing between Madras and Calcutta and was driven on shore by a hurricane and condemned at Calcutta on 6th Jun.
Page 156 --- Leyton Styled the Leyton Transport, a troop carrier for the 56th Reg’t Infantry from the Mauritius. Not sure whether this is a description or the name of the ship.
Page 170 --- Sapho A ship from Bordeaux bound for Lima.
Page 190 HCS Beschermer "The Beschermer was built in 1799. It was captured by voluntary surrendering (the seamen having refused to fight against the orange flag) to a British squadron under Vice-admiral Mitchell, in the Vlieter, Texel. (Vol iii, Appendix No 2). 1805 Chatham, to repair in Ordinary; 1806 lent to the East India Co, Blackwall where she was used as a hulk; 1834 still on loan to the East India Co. at Blackwall." A further reference of course is Captain Rawes' naming of it when he moored up against it on the 28th June 1826. [The reference was taken from: http://www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/B/00557.html.


Contents of Ship's Log


Log Pages Description Date

1 Title Page


2-7 Ships Company & Passengers


8-10 Export Dock, Deptford 4th Mar to 21st Mar 1825

11-16 At Northfleet 22nd Mar to 21st Apr 1825

17-18 The Downs 22nd Apr to 2nd May 1825

19 Start Point, Devon 3rd May 1825

20-77 Towards China 3rd May to 18th May 1825

27 Island of Palma 19th May 1825

66 Storm damage to ship off Cape of Good Hope 4th Aug 1825

78-82 At Penang 27th Aug to 19th Sept 1825

83-89 Penang to Singapore 20th Sept to 2nd Oct 1825

90-97 Singapore to China 3rd Oct to 20th Oct 1825

98 Typhoon & damage to ship 21st Oct 1825

99-103 Towards Lintin, China 30 Oct 1825 1st Nov 1825

120 At Whampoa, China 2nd Nov 1825 to 7th Feb 1826

121-131 Whampoa to Sunda Strait 8th Feb to 2nd Mar 1826

132-162 Sunda Strait to St Helena 3rd Mar to 2nd May 1826

163-164 At St Helena 3rd May to 7th May 1826

165-184 St Helena to Start Point, Devon 8th May 18th Jun 1826

185-189 Start Point to The Downs 19th Jun to 23rd Jun 1826

190-193 At Blackwall 24th Jun to 25th Jul 1826

193 End of Log 25th Jul 1826


The Journal

[Page 1:]

First page of journal and an example
of Captain Rawes' handwriting.


Rec'd 4th July 1826

This is my original Journal
R Rawes [signed] Commander
Witness: Moose [signed]

I hereby certify that I have in pursuance
of the Courts Regulations delivered to the
Clerke of the Committee of Shipps the prescribed
Certificate of the good conduct of the
following Officers who have served under my
command.

Mr Thos Addison
Mr John Ralph
Mr James Walker
Mr John Hayward

London 26th July 1826

R. Rawes [signed] Commander

Witness: J Moose [signed] [HEIC stamp]

[Page 2:]

Crew of the Hon'ble Comp'ys Ship Warren Hastings
No, Names Rank Casualties [With added notes from Farrington.]
1 Rich'd Rawes Commander [Born 2 Jul & bap Bromley, Kent 28 Jul 1784, s of Richard & Mary; midshipman Northampton (2) 1801; 4th mate Northampton (2) 1802/3; 3rd mate Northampton (2) 1804/5; 2nd mate Northampton (2) 1806/7; 1st mate Lord Keith 1809/10; Captain Juliana 1811/2; Captain Warren Hastings (5) 1814/5, 1818/9, 1822/23 & 1824/5.]
2 Tho's Addison 1st Officer. [Born in Saxthorpe 18th Dec. 1785, s of Rev Leonard & Sarah Gallent; midshipman Marquis Wellesley 1801/2; midshipman Brunswick 1803/4, home from Cape in HMS Howe; 5th mate Marquis Wellesley 1805/6; 4th mate Marquis Wellesley 1808/9; 3rd mate Marquis Wellesley 1810/1, home from Bombay as 1st mate Minerva (7); 2nd mate Minerva (7) 1814/5; 1st mate Minerva (7) 1816/7; 1st mate Moffat 1818/9; 1st mate Warren Hastings (3) 1819/20; 1st mate Thomas Coutts 1821/2; 1st mate Warren Hastings (5) 1824/5.]
3 John Ralph 2nd Mate. [Born Scotland as John More Ralph, 12th Dec 1799; midshipman in Royal Navy 1y 3m; midshipman General Kyd 1816/7; 5th mate General Kyd 1818/9; 4th mate General Kyd 1820/1; 3rd mate General Kyd 1822/3; 2nd mate Warren Hastings (5) 1824/5.]
4 James Walker 3rd Officer Born Scotland 4th Dec 1801; Seaman General Kyd 1816/7; midshipman General Kyd 1818/9; 6th mate General Kyd 1820/1; 4th mate Bridgewater (3) 1822/3; 3rd mate Warren Hastings (5) 1824/5; 3rd mate Farquharson 1826/7.]
5 John Hayward 4th Mate [Born England 3 Jun 1801; 6th mate Bridgewater (5) 1822/3; 4th mate Warren Hastings (3) 1824/5; 4th mate Bridgewater (5) 1826/7; 3rd mate Lowther Castle 1828/9; 3rd mate Inglis 1830/1; 3rd mate Castle Huntley 1832/3. Married 1st Jul 1828 St George's, Camberwell, Surrey to Ann Goodson.]
6 H[oratio] M Hogarth 5th Mate [6th mate Marquis Camden 1820/1; 5th mate Warren Hastings (5) 1824/5; 2nd mate Alfred (3) 1826/7.]
7 John Barrow 6th Mate [6th mate Warren Hastings (5) 1824/5.]
8 James Bruce Surgeon [Surgeon Matilda 1818/9; surgeon Warren Hasting (5) 1822/23; Surgeon Farquharson 1826/7. Drowned 24th Aug 1827.]
9 James Thomson Purser [Midshipman & Capt's clerk Asia 1807/8, Penang 1810, Princess Amelia (4) 1810/1; Purser Sir William Pulteney 1812/3; Princess Amelia (4) 1814/5, 1815/6 & 1817/8; Windsor (2) 1820/1 & 1822/3; Warren Hastings (5) 1824/5; Windsor (2) 1826/7; Abercrombie Robinson 1829/30; Windsow (2) 1831/2.]
10 James Small Boatswain Died at Canton 1st Dec 1825.
11 George Bazinthwaite Gunner
12 James Griffiths Carpenter
13 Tho's Reed Midshipman
14 Fred'k Sims Midshipman [Born 20th Apr 1810, Bap 18th May 1810 at Stepney Meeting House, London, s of William & Mary, of Mile End; midshipman Warren Hastings (5) 1824/5; 5th mate Bridgewater (3) 1826/7; 4th mate Bridgewater (3) 1828/9; 3rd mate Lowther Castle 1830/1; 2nd mate Lowther Castle 1832/3.]
15 George Kirkpatrick Midshipman Midshipman Warren Hastings (5) 1825/6 [not mentioned as midshipman in Farrington]; [5th mate Berwickshire 1829/30.]
16 Edw'd Pinney Midshipman
17 W'm Montague Midshipman
18 Joseph Dix Midshipman
19 C. P. Livingstone Asst Surgeon
20 Joseph Pitman Caulker
21 John Haggart Captns cook
22 John Johnston Ships Cook Died Sept 23rd 1825. At sea.
23 W'm Fuller Captns Steward
24 Henry Flashman Ships Steward
25 Hugh Jones Boatsns Mate
26 Tho's Fisher Boatsns Mate
27 Ja's Halley Boatsns Mate
28 R. H. Waters Carpenters 1st Mate
29 John Mills Carpenters 2nd Mate
30 Henry Batchelor Cooper
31 Chas Stacey Sailmaker
32 W'm Ormsby Armourer
[Page 3:]
33 James Gurney Gunners Mate
34 John James Gunners Mate
35 Nich's Wollack Quarter Master
36 Rich'd Washer Quarter Master
37 Martin Sullivan Quarter Master
38 Nath'l Bridges Quarter Master
39 Rob't Parkes Quarter Master
40 Rob't Puch Butcher
41 Rob't Marshall Baker
42 Tho's Cox Poulterer
43 Duncan W. Donald Cuddy Servt
44 Henry Temple Captns Servt
45 Henry Phillips Armourers Mate
46 John Stevens 1st Offrs Servt
47 Cha's Cole 2nd Offrs Servt
48 Peter Campbell Seaman
49 John Rees Seaman
50 Matthew Harrington Seaman
51 Sam'l Cox Seaman
52 Tho's Rollins Seaman
53 Ja's Wilson Seaman
54 Lawrence Monk Seaman
55 Joseph H. Frampton Seaman
56 Cha's Wilson Seaman
57 Will'm Wooddie Seaman
58 John Smith 1st Seaman Died at Penang 18th Sept 1825.
59 John Adamson Seaman
60 W'm Penson Seaman
61 Jos'h Marshall Seaman
62 John Bowden Seaman
63 John Gillis Seaman
64 Rob't Harwood Seaman
[Page 4:]
65 Joel Sutton Seaman Run at Penang 19th Septr 1825.
66 John Smith 2nd Seaman
67 Phillip Donk Seaman
68 W'm Rowlands Seaman
69 James Chalmers Seaman
70 Jacob Lawson Seaman
71 Patrick Doyle Seaman
72 Tho's Scott Seaman
73 Tho's Strugnell Seaman
74 John Leech Seaman
75 Tho's Murphy Seaman
76 George Blackburne Seaman
77 Owen Cavenagh Seaman
78 W'm Sterry Seaman
79 Tho's Taylor Seaman
80 Michael Roach Seaman
81 W'm Harvey Seaman
82 John Barnes Seaman
83 Geo. Cole Seaman
84 Rich'd Whatley Seaman
85 Henry Stammers Seaman
86 Rob't Riddell Seaman
87 Peter Egbert Seaman Died at sea 19th March 1826.
88 W'm Reeves Seaman
89 John Browne Seaman
90 Tho's Roberts Seaman
91 John Wheetley Seaman Died at sea Feby 21st 1825.
92 Geo. Cadwell Ord'y Seaman
93 Ja's Jamieson Ord'y Seaman
94 Geo. Winnick Ord'y Seaman
95 Tho's Jones Ord'y Seaman Died at Penang 20th Sept 1825.
96 John Wells Ord'y Seaman
[Page 5:]
97 W'm Huggett Ord'y Seaman
98 Tho's Cray Ord'y Seaman
99 John Brampton Ord'y Seaman
100 Henry Leaver Ord'y Seaman
101 John Attersal Ord'y Seaman
102 Stephen Lawrence Ord'y Seaman
103 Cornelius Bulckley Ord'y Seaman
104 Henry Jones Ord'y Seaman
105 John Sullivan Ord'y Seaman Died at Penang 15th Sept 1825
106 Jeremiah Creeg Ord'y Seaman Died in China
107 James Larty Ord'y Seaman Died in China
108 Cha's Gibson Ord'y Seaman Lost overboard & drowned Octr 9th 1825
109 Rob't Marsh Ord'y Seaman
110 Francis Wilson Ord'y Seaman
111 Fred'k Wilson Ord'y Seaman
112 Martin Glindon Ord'y Seaman
113 W'm Strutt Ord'y Seaman
114 Silas Brooks Ord'y Seaman
115 John Wallas Ord'y Seaman
116 W'm Coleby Ord'y Seaman
117 W'm Ballam Ord'y Seaman
118 Alex'r McCarthy Ord'y Seaman
119 Sam'l Neil Ord'y Seaman
120 Cha's Gregory Ord'y Seaman
121 John Prails Ord'y Seaman
122 Jos'h Barnett Ord'y Seaman
123 Cha's Ray Ord'y Seaman Drowned 15th March 1826
124 Henry Burton Ord'y Seaman
125 Dan'l Sheen Ord'y Seaman Died Septr 20th at Penang 1825
126 Tho's Cooper Ord'y Seaman
127 James Casey Ord'y Seaman
128 Rob't Baker Ord'y Seaman
[Page 6:]
129 John Locke Boy
130 Tho's Haley Boy
Shipp'd the undermentioned at China (part of Royal George's crew)
1 Tho's Easton Boatswain
2 Benj'n Shepherd Seaman
3 Ja's Atkins Seaman
4 W'm Kilby Seaman
5 Rich'd Luton
6 Jono Raymond
7 W'm Callen
8 David Byron
9 Ja's Miller
10 Rich' Harris
11 Jono Provis
[Page 7:]
Passengers
No, Names Description When and where received on board When and where landed
1 W'm Patterton Livingstone 12 years old Macau 8th Feby 1826 London
2 John Elphinstone Livingstone 11 years old Macau 8th Feby 1826 London
3 Stephen Cole 12 years old St Helena 7th May 1826 London
4 James Henry Soldier discharged St Helena 7th May 1826 London
5 Rich'd Stock Soldier discharged St Helena 7th May 1826 London





1 Will'm Glanfield Seaman left sick by HCS ship Lowther Castle St Helena 7th May 1826 London
2 Ja's Davis Seaman left sick by HCS ship Lowther Castle St Helena 7th May 1826 London
3 W'm Baylis Seaman discharged from Companys Schooner to work his passage home St Helena 7th May 1826 London
[-] Edw'd Barney, servant: Penang - Singapore

I do declare upon honour that the foregoing is a true & correct list of Ships Company & passengers to the best of my knowledge and belief.

R.Rawes [signed]
Witness: Moose


[Page 8:]
Warren Hastings, Export Dock - Deptford

Friday March 4th 1825.
Draft of water - Aft 16 fms; Fwd 14 fms 1 in. Northerly winds & cold weather. AM Boarded the Ship – At Noon – The H. Coys Inspector came on board & left Mr Fieldhouse Surveyor – Employed levelling the fore hold for water butts & setting up the fore rigging – Officers on board 1st & 4th.

Saturday 5th March.
Wind as yesterday & frosty – Employed as yesterday – Officers 1st & 4th.

Sunday 6th.
Variable winds, cold weather – Docks not open.

Monday 7th.
Southerly winds & usual weather. Filling water & as necessary – Officers 1st & 4th.

Tuesday 8th.
Draft of water. Even keel 15 fms. Light winds & fine weather – Employed filling water – levelling the Kentledge & clearing the Limbers – Officers as before.

Wednesday 9th.
Light winds & hazy weather. Received the Ships coals & riggers on the rigging – Painting lower masts as necessary – Officers as before.

[Page 9:]
Warren Hastings, Export Dock

Thursday 10th March 1825.
Variable winds & foggy weather. Received the cables, hawsers etc. Painters painting – Officers 1st & 4th.

Friday 11th March.
Light southerly winds & rain in the first part to middle & latter fine weather. Employed rigging & sundry jobs. Officers 1st & 4th.

Saturday 12th March.
Fresh northerly winds & mostly cloudy weather. Employed rigging & painters painting - & receiving coals on account of the Hon’ble Comp’y. Officers on board 1st & 4th.

Sunday 18th March.
No attendance at the Docks.

Monday 14th March.
Fresh SE winds & sleet in the 1st part – Employed receiving coals on account of the Hon’ble Comp’y & the Ships anchors. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Tuesday 15th March.
Draft of water. Aft 15 fms 10 in, Fwd 17 fms. Easterly winds & cold weather – Received the remainder of the Ships guns, 7 & as necessary on the rigging. Officers as before.

[Page 10:]
Warren Hastings at Deptford, Export Dock

Wednesday 16th March 1825.
Ditto wind & weather. Employed receiving on board Pig Lead on account of the Hon’ble Comp’y – Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Thursday 17th March.
Draft of water. Fwd 17.5, 16 Aft. Ditto winds & weather. Received on board the Ships mast. Officers 1st & 3rd.

Friday 18th March.
Wind & weather as for last. Employed receiving iron on account of the Hon’ble Comp’y - & cables, Ships stores – Officers on board 2nd & 3rd.

Saturday 19th March.
Usual winds & weather. Employed receiving iron, & bending sails – Hoisted in the Launch & stowed the booms. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Sunday 20th March.
No attendance at the Docks

Monday 21st March.
Draft of water. 17.10 Fwd, 16.6 Aft. Easterly winds & mostly fine weather. AM. I joined the Ship, all officers on board. At 1 pm Hauled out of the Dock. (Mr Ross, Pilot) & at 2 – Two steam vessels took us in tow. At ½ past 5 made fast to the moorings at Northfleet. Unbent sails.

[Page 11:]
Warren Hastings at Northfleet

Tuesday 22nd March 1825.
Variable winds – cloudy with rain in the latter part – Employed variously – Struck Top Gallant mast. Pumped ship 19 in. Officers 1st & 3rd.

Wednesday 23rd March.
Fresh easterly winds & fair weather. Stayed the masts & set the lower rigging up. Tradesmen as requisite. Officers on board 2nd & 3rd.

Friday 25th March.
Easterly winds & fine weather – Received the Ships wet provisions, pitch & tar – otherwise employed setting up the top mast rigging. Officers on board 2nd & 4th.

Saturday 26th March.
NE winds & fine weather. Receiving on board iron on account of the Hon’ble Comp’y. Riggers under the Boatswain. Officers on board 2nd & 4th.

Sunday 27th March.
Easterly winds & fine weather. AM – washed decks – I visited the Ship – Officers 2nd & 4th.

[Page 12:]
Warren Hastings at Northfleet

Monday 28th March 1825.
Light NE winds & fine weather. Employed receiving bales on account of the Hon’ble Comp’y. Boatswain & Tradesmen as necessary – Officers on board 2nd & 4th.

Tuesday 29th March.
NE winds – hazy weather with small rain – Employed receiving & stowing bales – Officers 2nd & 4th.

Wednesday 30th March.
Easterly winds – cloudy weather. Employed in the Hold & as necessary – Officers on board 2nd & 4th

Thursday 31st March.
Strong easterly winds & fine weather – Employed as necessary – Carpenter making a top mast studding sail boom. Officers on board 2nd & 4th.

Friday 1st April.
Easterly winds fine weather – Receiving iron on account of the Hon’ble Comp’y & our store deals. Officers on board 2nd & 4th.

Saturday 2nd April.
Ditto winds & weather – Employed variously. At 3pm the Prince of Orange Brig came foul of us & carried away our Jib boom & starboard whisker. Officers on board 1st & 4th.

[Page 13:]
Warren Hastings at Northfleet

Sunday 3rd April 1825.
Northerly winds & fine weather throughout. Washed decks – Pumped ship 11 in. Officers on board 1st & 4th.

Monday 4th April.
Easterly winds & fine weather. Employed receiving bales on account of the Hon’ble Comp’y. Carpenter making a new whisker. At noon – I visited the Ship – Officers as yesterday.

Tuesday 5th April.
Ditto winds & weather. Employed as yesterday - Carpenter as yesterday – Caulker nailing on the scupper hoses. Officers 1st & 4th.

Wednesday 6th April.
Easterly winds with a thick haze in the first & latter parts. Receiving & stowing bales on account of the Hon’ble Comp’y. Officers 1st & 3rd.

Thursday 7th April.
Winds as before & fine weather. Employed receiving bales & the beer on Victualing Bill – some hands under the Boatswain – Officers 1st & 3rd.

Friday 8th April.
Wind & weather as yesterday – Employed receiving iron on account of H’ble Comp’y and as necessary. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

[Page 14:]
Warren Hastings at Northfleet

Saturday 9th April.
Draft of water. 19 fms. Even keel. Light easterly winds mostly fine weather. Employed as yesterday & about the rigging – Caulker lining the ports. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Sunday 10th April.
NE winds & fine weather – AM. Washed decks. I visited the Ship.

Monday 11th April.
Westerly winds & fine weather – Employed receiving bales on account of Hon’ble Comp’y - & some private Trade – The Charles Grant sailed for The Hope – Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Tuesday 12th April.
Westerly winds & fine weather – Received on board nine hundred & two boxes of Tea on account of Capt. Nairne & some pitch & tar on the Victualing bill – also 20 fathoms of Billet Wood [that is what it says] – All Officers on board

Wednesday 13th April.
Wind as yesterday with rain in the middle part. Receiving iron on account of the Hon’ble Comp’y & as requisite. All Officers on board.

Thursday 14th April.
Westerly wind & fine weather. Received the last of iron (Hon’ble Comp’ys) & ships cordage. All Officers on board.

[Page 15:]
Warren Hastings at Northfleet

Friday 15th April 1825.
Fresh westerly winds & fine weather – Employed receiving private trade –got out the Jib boom & fidded Top Gallant masts – Restowed the starboard booms – All Officers aboard.

Saturday 16th April.
Draft of water. 20.3 Fwd, 21.9 Aft. Variable winds & fine weather – Employed receiving private trade – All Officers on board.

Sunday 17th April.
Easterly winds & fine weather. Washed decks – I visited the Ship – Passed up the river the Thomas Coutts, Berwickshire, Macqueen & Duchess of Atholl. All Officers on board.

Monday 18th April.
Ditto winds & weather. Employed receiving private trade & ships stores – Received instructions from the India House to build a Spirit Room in the Hold. All Officers on board.

Tuesday 19th April.
Fresh easterly winds & fine weather. Employed as yesterday – & under the Boatswain – I joined the Ship. All Officers on board.

Wednesday 20th April.
Draft of water. 20.6 Fwd, 21.11 Aft. SW winds & cloudy weather – Employed receiving sundry stores & Shipwright building the Spirit room.

[Page 16:]
Warren Hastings at Northfleet

Thursday 21st April 1825.
Wind & weather as yesterday – Stayed the masts & set the rigging up – otherwise receiving stores & Shipwright as before. Capt. & all Officers on board.

Friday 22nd April.
Fresh westerly winds & rainy weather. Clapped a whole cable service on the best bower cable – otherwise receiving running gear – Tradesmen as before. Capt. & Officers on board.

Saturday 23rd April.
Variable winds & fine weather in the first & latter parts – Bent sails & preparing for Sea & as before – Pumped ship 20 in - Capt. & Officers on board

Sunday 24th April.
First part easterly winds – latter variable SW & rain. AM Washed & cleaned decks - & preparing for sea – Capt. & Officers on board.

Monday 25th April.
Variable winds mostly from SW & fine weather latterly. Crossed Top Gallant yards. At day light Mr Rees Pilot came on board – At 3pm cast off from the moorings & made sail at ½ past 5 brought up off the Lower Hope Point in 8 fms. Commenced paying.

Tuesday 26th April.
Easterly winds fine weather. The Spirit Room being finished hoisted in 20 puncheons [casks] for ships use. Paid the Ships Comp’y & sent women ashore. Served the small bower cable.

[Page 17:]
Warren Hastings in the Downs

Wednesday 27th April.
Easterly winds & hazy weather in the first part. SW & clear in the middle & latter. At 7am weighed & made sail at 8 coming on foggy – anchored in 8 fms – At 9am Mr Thompson joined the Ship with the Hon’ble Comp’ys dispatches. At 2pm weighed & made sail at 7 crossed the Plates least water 4½ fms. At 9 anchored in 7 fms. North Foreland Lights SSW – Passed upward the Castle Huntley.

Thursday 28th April.
Southerly winds with rain at times. At 9am weighed & made sail & turned to windward. At noon abreast of South Foreland. At ½ past 3 anchored in the Downs in 9 fms. South Foreland SW & deal Castle WNW. The Comp’ys Agent mustered the people. Shifted Top sail with the 2nd best.

Friday 29th April 1825.
Light airs from SE in the middle part. First & latter strong breeze at SW. Employed in the Hold & on various jobs about the Ship – I went on shore to endeavour to procure a Sailmaker having been disappointed in one expected in the river.

Saturday 30th April.
Fresh breezes at SW with fine weather – Loosed sails to dry – Received a Sailmaker & one seaman – Employed as necessary.

[End of Harbour Journal.]


[Page 18:]
[Warren Hastings Sea Log - extracts]

Towards China

Sunday May 1st 1825.
Course: WbS. Variable winds, squally & rains. At 5pm arrived & anchored in the Downs. The Hon’ble C’ys Ship Buckinghamshire. Wind SE weighed & made all sail – Mr Fieldhouse Com’y Surveyor left the Ship. Sick List 4. ½ past 8pm South Foreland Light in one – 9 Dungeness Light WbS – 2am South Foreland light NEbE – Dungeness NWbW – 4 Dungeness NWbW – Noon Beachy Head EbN distance 12 miles – The unsettled state of the weather & necessary duty of the Ship prevented the performance of divine service. Lat 50.35N.

Monday May 2nd.
C&D WbS70. First & latter parts moderate breeze SSW & cloudy weather middle very variable with hard squalls & heavy rain. At 4.20pm Culver Cliffs N19W Land about the Needles Point W45N. At 5 Mr Rees, Pilot left the Ship. At 11pm Split the main Top Gallant sail – shifted it with 2nd best. Employed getting the masts on the yards. Sick List 3. Lat 50.15N Lon 1.45W.

[Page 19:]
Warren Hastings from England

Tuesday May 3rd 1825.
C&D WbS79 – Variable winds from SW & unsettled weather – latter part a strong breeze at SW. At 3pm saw the land about. St Albans Head bearing S at N20E to N12E. 4pm at N65E to N11E. At daylight the extremes of the land from NE to NW. At Noon Start Point ENE, Prawl Point NE NR, Bolt Head – NbE, Bolt Part NW, Dist off shore 7 or 8 miles. Sick List 2. Lat 49.58N Long 3.45W.

Wednesday May 4th.
C&D SSW39, A strong breeze in the first & middle parts with passing squalls – latter moderate. Hazy weather. Got the anchors higher up – Sailmaker repairing the 2nd main Top Gallant sail. Sick List 2. Lat 49.28N Long 4.2W.

[Page 20:]
Towards China

Thursday 5th May 1825.
C&D WbS81. Variable winds & unsettled weather throughout. At 4pm The land bearing from SbE to SSW. Cleaned between decks – otherwise as necessary & as yesterday. Sick List 2. Lat 49.15N Long 5.42W.

Friday May 6th 1825.
C&D WbS73. Light variable winds & unsettled weather, rain at times. AM stowed the anchors & unbent cables. Sick List 3. Lat 49.1N Long 7.38W.

[Page 21:]
Warren Hastings from England

Saturday 7th May 1825.
C&D West60. First part variable winds, middle increasing with hard squalls, latter a fresh gale from the SW & hazy weather. At 6pm Communicated with the Duke of Wellington, Schooner for London. Sick List 6. Bent the Storm Stay sails. AM passed one of the China ships could not make out her number – 2 other Strangers in sight. A large sea running. Lat 49.0N Long 9.5W

Sunday 8th May 1825.
C&D SW12. First part a strong gale with hard gusts & a high sea – middle moderating – latter light winds & fine weather o the swell much abated. Making sail & the necessary duty of the Ship prevented the performance of divine service. This weeks expenditure 812 - Water on board 15969 galls. Sick List 9. Lat 48.50N 9.33W.

[Page 22:]
Towards China

Monday 9th May 1825.
C&D SE27. Light variable winds throughout & fair weather. Employed variously about the rigging. Sailmaker repairing the Driver. Carpenter reducing the Driver boom. Sick List 10. Lat 48.32N Long 9.15W.

Tuesday 10th May 1825.
C&D SW136 Increasing to steady breeze from the southward & fine weather. People variously employed. Sailmaker repairing the 3rd Main Top sail. Sick List 9. Lat 47.1N Long 11.39W.

[Page 23:]
Warren Hastings from England

Wednesday May 11th 1825.
C&D SW77 Wind variable from South to West with strong breezes – hard squalls & rain in the middle part first & latter moderate. Emloyed as requisite. Sick List 8. Lat 46.27N Long 13.9W.

Thursday May 12th.
C&D SbW162. Strong breeze in the middle part, first & latter moderate & fair weather. Employed as requisite. Sailmaker repairing the 3rd Main Top sail. Sick List. Lat 43.46N Long 13.06W.

[Page 24:]
Towards China

Friday May 13th 1825.
C&D SW168. A brisk breeze & pleasant weather. Employed as requisite – Sailmaker as before. Sick List 8. Lat 41.5N Long 14.20W.

Saturday May 14th.
C&D SW191. Fresh breeze with squalls in the middle part. Washed & cleaned the Gun deck. Tradesmen as before. At daylight a brig bearing SW – standing to the Southward. Sick List 6. Lat 38.4N Long 15.30W.

[Page 25:]
Warren Hastings from England

Sunday May 15th 1825.
C&D SW162. Moderate breeze & cloudy weather. AM performed divine service & mustered the Ship’s Comp’y. The weeks expenditure 1.126. Water on board 14.842 galls. Sick List 5. Lat 35.29N. Long 17.5W.

Monday May 16th 1825.
C&D SW160. Moderate breeze & hazy weather for the most part. Hauled the sail up to make up a fresh & air. Sailmaker repairing the 3rd Main Top sail. At 11am saw the Island of Madeira bearing SSEbE. At Noon the westernmost point only in sight bearing SSEbE. Sick List 6. Lat 32.54N Long 17.43W.

[Page 26:]
Towards China

Tuesday 17th May 1825.
C&DSW103 First part a moderate Trade latter light & variable, fine weather. At 4pm Madeira fro EbN to SE. 5.20pm The SW Point EbE. Employed trimming the Ship by the Head – Sailmaker as before. Shifted the mizen with the 2nd Driver I Jib with the old one. Sick List 4. Lat 31.30N Long 18.2W.

Wednesday 18th May 1825.
C&D SW117. Light Trade & cloudy weather. Got out the Flying Jib boom & shifted the fore top Main Stay sail with the old & small jib. Employed clearing out the Orlop & stowing lead. Tradesmen as before. Sick List 7. Lat 29.27N Long 18.40W.

[Page 27:]
Warren Hastings from England

Thursday 19th May 1825.
C&D26W140. Brisk Trade & mostly cloudy weather. At 2pm saw the Island of Palma bearing SEbS. At 2.30pm Palma from SbE to SbE distance 10 or 12 leagues. Longitude for chronometer 18.39W. Sick List 8. Employed in the hold trimming Ship by the head &. I take my departure from Palma at half past 3pm. The West Point distance – bearing SE at Lat 28.46N Long 18.4W. Ship Lat 26.42N Long 19.53W.

Friday 20th May.
C&DSW13. Steady Trade & cloudy weather. Employed as yesterday – Tradesmen as before. Sick List 7. Lat 24.55N Long 21.0W.

[Page 28:]
Towards China

Saturday 21st May 1825.
C&D SW28W165. Steady Trade & cloudy weather. Employed in the hold trimming Ship. Making matts & Sailmaker as before. Sick List 5. Stranger NE 5 miles. Lat 22.04N Long 22.24W

Sunday 22nd May 1825.
C&D SW29W175. A pleasant Trade & weather. AM performed divine service & mustered the Ship’s Company. This weeks expenditure 112. Water on board 13700 galls. Stranger NbE 6 miles Sick List 3. Lat 20.7N Long 23.54W.

[Page 29:]
Warren Hastings from England

Monday May 23rd 1825.
C&D S23W176. A pleasant Trade & cloudy weather. Employed in the hold & Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top sail. Sick List 3. At daylight the Stranger NbE dist 7miles & another NW 4 miles a Brig. At p passed the Brig – showed English Colours the Caroline. Lat 17.39N Long 25.8W.

Tuesday May 24th.
C&D S5W173. Brisk Trade for the most part & pleasant weather. Employed in the hold trimming Ship. Sailmaker repairing the old Main & Mizen sails. Caulker caulking the wedges of the main mast. Sick List 3. Lat 14.47N Long 25.21W.

[Page 30:]
Towards China

Wednesday May 25th 1825.
C&D S25E132. Fresh Trade in the first & latter parts, middle light & variable pleasant weather. PM shifted the Main Top sail with the old one. Washed the Gun deck – Sailmaker repairing the old Mizen Top sail – At daylight a strange sail bearing N – The Bombay. 24.39W. Lat 12.44N Long 24.24W.

Thursday May 26th.
C&D S23E153. Brisk breeze in the first part, latter light & variable pleasant weather. Employed in the hold off 4 or 5 miles. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top sail. At daylight a strange sail bearing SbE 4or 5 miles. Sick List 3. The Bombay in company. Lat 10.14N Long 23.24W.

[Page 31:]
Warren Hastings from England

Friday May 27th 1825.
C&D SE158. Light breeze in the first part, middle & latter moderate – cloudy weather. PM shifted the Mizen Top sail worst the worst. Washed clothes & as useful. Sailmaker on the old Fore Top sail. Sick List 3. Bombay in company – NNW miles & 3 Strangers. Lat 8.8N Long 21.57W.

Saturday May 30th 1825.Bombay in sight. Lowther Castle 21.30W.

[Page 32:]
Towards China

Sunday May 29th 1825.
C&D SEbE87. Unsettled line weather with squalls & rain. At 3pm Exchanged signals with the Lowther Castle. The wind too variable & weather squally with rain prevented the performance of the service. This weeks expenditure 1147 – Water on board 12563 galls. Sick 2 men. The Lowther Castle, Bombay & several Strangers in sight. Lat 6.59N Long 20.25W.

Monday May 30th.
C&D S81E71. Light southerly winds, first part squally & hard rain, middle & latter fine weather. Employed about the rigging. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top sail. Sick List 1. The Lowther Castle & Bombay in company. Lat 6.48N Long 19.17W.

[Page 33:]
Warren Hastings from England

Tuesday May 31st 1825.
C&D SEbE50. Light winds variable at SW & fine weather. AM stayed the Fore & Main masts & set the rigging up. Sick 2. The Lowther Castle in company. Bombay WbS hull down. Lat 6.34N Long 18.33W.

Wednesday June 1st 1825.
C&D S12E43. Light WSW winds & fine weather for the most part. AM Washed the Gun deck & exercised at quarters. Stayed the Mizen mast & set the rigging up. Confined Dan’l Sheene, Ord’y Seaman in irons for striking Mr Barrow 6th Officer & disobedience of an order. The Lowther Castle & a Brig in company. 4 men sick. Lat 6.4N Long 18.24W.

[Page 34:]
Toward China

Thursday June 2nd 1825.
C&D S2E78. First & latter parts hard rain. Middle fair weather light winds. Confined Thos. Scott Seaman in irons for disobedience of orders. Employed as necessary. Sick 4 men. St noon held a Court of Enquiry on the prisoners & finding Dan’l Sheene guilty – Punished him with 2 dozen lashes – Pardon to Thos. Scott on promise of future good conduct. Lowther Castle & Bombay in company. Lat 4.47N Long 18.21W.

Friday June 3rd.
C&D SbE28. Light variable winds & fine weather. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore Top sail. Washed clothes. Sick 7. At noon Lowther Castle in company – Bombay SSW hull down. Lat 4.55N Long 17.55W.

[Page 35:]
Warren Hastings from England

Saturday June 4th 1825.
C&D S50W93. Unsettled squally weather with hard rain at times. At 7am split the Fore Top sail Fore Top Gallant sail & Royal – Got main Top Gallant & Royal yards down & struck the main Top Gallant mast to refit sheaves. 6 men sick. Lowther Castle in company. Lat 4.15N long 19.4W.

Sunday June 5th.
C&D S66W22. Unsettled squally weather with hard rain at times. AM Watch employed drying split sails & as necessary. Carpenter refitting the main Top Gallant mast – Armourer making a sloop for Dr – The necessary duty of the Ship prevented the performance of divine service. The weeks expenditure 753. Water on board 12560 galls. Sick List 6 men. Lowther Castle in company. Lat 4.6N Long 19.24W.

[Page 36:]
Towards China

Monday June 6th 1825.
C&D South15. Variable winds & unsettled weather. PM Fidded the main Top Gallant, crossed Top Gallant & main Royal yards. Employed in the fore hold stowing water - Sailmaker on the 2nd best Mizen top sail. Sick List 6. Lowther Castle in company. Lat 4.10N Long 19.24W.

[The Doldrums]

Tuesday June 7th.
C&D SW65. Variable winds & cloudy weather. Employed as yesterday – Sick List 6. At Noon Lowther Castle EbN 8 miles. Lat 4.24N Long 20.24W.

[Page 37:]
Warren Hastings from England

Wednesday June 8th 1825.
C&D SE76. Variable winds & dark cloudy weather. AM Washed he Gun deck. Sailmaker on the 2nd Mizen Top sail. Sick List 6. Lowther EbN hull down. Lat 4.21N Long 20.6W.

Thursday June 9th.
C&D SE84. Wind variable from SW with squalls & rain. Employed under the Boatswain drawing & knotting yards. Sailmaker as before. 6 men sick. Lat 3.39N Long 19.1W.

[Page 38:]
Towards China

Friday June 10th 1825.
C&D SW24. Usual Line weather. Watch as necessary. Sailmaker as before. 6 men sick. Lat 3.37N Long 19.18W.

Saturday June 11th 1825.
C&D S61W147. Increasing to a steady breeze from the southward & cloudy weather. Washed the Gun deck – Sailmaker as before. 4 men sick. Lat 2.27N Long 21.37W.

[Page 39:]
Warren Hastings from England

Sunday June 12th 1825.
C&D S67W135. A moderate Trade & hazy weather. AM performed divine service & mustered the Ships Comp’y. This weeks expenditure 733. Water on board 11077 galls. Sick List 6. Lat 1.48N Long 21.22W.

Monday June 13th.
C&D S57W124. Light Trade & fine pleasant weather. Employed filling water to trim Ship & working up junk. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Top sail. 6 men sick. Lat 0.44N Long 23.3W.

[Crossing the Equator]

[Page 40:]
Towards China

Tuesday June 14th 1825.
C&D S32W131. Moderate Trade & pleasant weather. Employed as requisite. Sick List 7. Lat 1.41S Long 24.10W.

Wednesday June 15th.
C&D S34W142. Ditto winds & weather. Employed working up junk. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top sail. 8 men in sick list. At noon communicated with the Sir Charles McCarthy (Brig) for Demerara from Capt. Coast. Lat 3.2S Long 25.30W.

[Page 41:]
Warren Hastings from England

Thursday June 16th 1825.
C&D S28W131. Moderate Trade & fine weather. Employed working up junk. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top sail. Caulker caulking the Water Way seams on the Gun deck. Sick List 6. Lat 5.5S Long 26.32W.

Friday June 17th.
C&D S34W131. Light Trade & fine pleasant weather. AM scrubbed hammocks washed clothes & aired beds. 2 men Sick List. Lat 6.45S Long 27.55W.

[Page 42:]
Towards China

Saturday June 18th 1825.
C&D S11W134. A fresh Trade & pleasant weather with a considerable head swell. AM washed the Gun deck. Sailmaker on the old Fore Top sail. Sick List 3. Lat 8.56S Long 28.21W.

Sunday June 19th 1825.
C&D S11W142. A fresh Trade & fine weather. PM Found the Fore Top sail yards sprung. Employed getting the yard down & fitting another which prevented the performance of divine service. Set up fore top mast & Top Gallant rigging. This weeks expenditure 1064. Water on board – 10012 galls. Sick List 4. Lat 11.21S long 28.52W.

[Page 43:]
Warren Hastings from England

Monday 20th June 1825
C&D S11W117. A light Trade & fine pleasant weather. Employed about the rigging. Sailmaker on the old Fore Top sail. Carpenter fitting a Fore Top sail yard. Sick List 5 men. Lat 13.43S. Long 29.12W.

Tuesday June 21st 1825.
C&D S9E38. Light airs from ENE & fine weather. Employed as yesterday. At noon crossed the Fore Top sail yard. Sick List 6. Lay 14.29S Long 29.3W.

[Page 44:]
Towards China

Wednesday Jun 22nd 1825.
C&D S32W52. Light airs & calm in the first pat, increasing latterly fine weather. Restowed the booms & as useful. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd Fore Top sail & old fore Royal. Shifted the Fore Top sail with the worn. Sick List 6. Lat 15.10S Long 29.37W.

Thursday June 23rd.
C&D S34W135. Increasing to a brisk gale with hard squalls & rain, a heavy head swell. Employed as yesterday. Sick 2 men. Lat 17.8S Long 30.55W.

[Page 45:]
Warren Hastings from England

Friday June 24th 1825.
C&D S25W140. A strong Trade with hard squalls in the first & middle parts, latter more moderate & less sea. AM Washed & scrubbed clothes. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd Fore Top sail. Bent the best Jib. Sick 4. Lat 19.24S Long 31.50W.

Saturday June 25th.
C&D S10W163. A fresh Trade & squally in the middle part, cloudy weather. AM washed the Gun deck & secured the Bower anchor afresh. Sailmaker as yesterday. 1 sick. Lat 22.26S long 32.20W.

[Change course SW to SE]

[Page 46:]
Towards China

Sunday June 26th 1825.
C&D S11E145. Fresh breeze for the most part, squally at times – latter more moderate.AM Performed divine service & mustered the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 762. Water on board 9250 galls – Lat 24.56S 31.50W.

Monday June 27th.
C&D S30E168. Strong breeze throughout with hard squalls at times. Shifted the fore Top sail with the best. Employed trimming Ship – Sailmaker on the 2nd Jib. Sick List 3. Lat 27.21S Long 30.17W.

[Page 47:]
Warren Hastings from England

Tuesday June 28th 1825.
C&D S29E164. Fresh breeze for the most part with squalls & rain. Shifted the Fore sail with the best. Got the Flying Jib & Jib boom in. Employed fitting the Storm Stay sail stays. 2 men sick. AM found the main Top Gallant yard sprung – sent it down. Lat 28.29S. Long 27.36W.

Wednesday June 29th.
C&D S16E160. Moderate breeze for the most part & fine weather. Employed under the boatswain & as necessary. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd Jib. 3 sick. Lat 29.11S. Long 24.42W.

[Page 48:]
Towards China

Thursday June 30th 1825.
C&D S18E132. Moderate breeze with some light squalls. Shifted the Main Top sail with the best. Set up the Top mast & Top Gallant rigging. Fitted the new Main sail. Sailmaker as before. 5 sick. Lat 29.44S Long 22.18W.

Friday July 1st 1825.
C&D S18E153. Moderate breezes from NNE to NW & cloudy weather. Employed as necessary. Sailmaker repairing the 3rd Jib. 4 sick. Lat 30.35S Long 19.32W.

[Page 49:]
Warren Hastings from England

Saturday July 2nd 1825.
C&D S18E158. Moderate breezes & cloudy weather throughout. AM Washed the Gun deck & as necessary. Sailmaker on the 3rd Jib. Sick List 4. Lat 31.11S Long 16.37W.

Sunday July 3rd 1825.
C&D S18E211. Fresh breezes & cloudy weather. AM Read divines service & mustered the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 773, Water on board 8476 galls. Sick 4. Lat 32.22S Long 12.42W.

[Page 50:]
Towards China

Monday July 4th 1825.
C&D S17E170. Moderate breezes increasing in the latter part to a fresh gale with hard squalls & a high sea. Got the Driver boom off the Poop. Bent the Storm Stay sails – otherwise as necessary, & span lashing the booms. Sick 3. Lat 32.51S Long 9.30W.

Tuesday July 5th.
C&D S15E143. A fresh gale & hard squalls in the first part – decreasing to a light breeze – a very heavy swell which makes us roll deep. AM Employed as necessary – drying sails. 10 men sick. Lat 33.28S Long 6.46W.

[Page 51:]
Warren Hastings from England

Wednesday July 6th 1825.
C&D S71E104. Light airs from SW in the first part & a heavy swell. Middle moderate at NE – Latter increasing – swell somewhat abated. Employed fitting new Tacks & Sheets. Shifted the Driver with the mizzen. 7 men sick. Lat 33.57S Long 4.47W.

Thursday July 7th.
C&D S72E201. Fresh gale increasing in the middle part with rain. Latter more moderate & rain. A large swell which still makes the Ship roll deep. Emloyed as useful. 10 men sick. Lat 34.58S Long 00.54W.

[Page 52:]
Towards China

Friday July 8th 1825.
C&D S72E62. Decreasing to light airs & calm with cloudy weather. The swell still continues & makes us roll much. Washed clothes etc. Sick 10. Lat 35.12S Long 00.18E.

Saturday July 9th.
C&D S74E135. Light breeze in the first part & cloudy weather – Latter an increasing breeze & hazy – swell continues. Washed between decks. Sick 9. Lat 35.42S Long 2.56E.

[Page 53:]
Warren Hastings from England

Sunday July 10th 1825.
C&D S76E188. Variable winds & squally weather with rain. The unsettled state of the weather prevented the performance of divine service. This weeks expenditure 902. Water on board 757 galls. Sick 8. Lat 36.21S Long 6.41 E.

Monday July 11th.
C&D E3N196. First part a moderate breeze & cloudy weather. Middle & latter a strong breeze at SSW with squalls & rain. Sailmaker on the 2nd best Main Top Gallant sail. Sick 10. Lat 36.11S Long 10.43E.

[Page 54:]
Towards China

Tuesday July 12th 1825.
C&D NEbE95. A fresh gale from the southward with hard squalls dark cloudy weather & a high sea – which makes the Ship labour much. Employed as necessary. Ail maker as before. Sick 10. Lat 35.8S Long 12.10E.

Wednesday July 13th.
C&D NEbN50. First part a fresh gale with hard squalls. Middle light airs with rain & lightening & dark threatening weather. Latter moderate at southward with some light squalls. Ship rolling very heavy the swell still continuing. Employed as before. Sick 10. Lat 33.57S Long 13.48E.

[Page 55:]
Warren Hastings from England

Thursday July 14th 1825.
C&D S70W72. Light winds in the first part increased suddenly at 8pm to a strong gale with violent squalls in the night – Sea still continues high & makes the ship labour a good deal. Sick 12. Lat 34.22S 11.43E.

Friday July 15th.
C&D SW76. Fresh gale with had squalls in the first & middle parts latter more moderate & fine weather. Employed restowing the cables & in the Orlop. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd Driver. Sick 10. Lat 35.19S Long 10.38E.

[Page 56:]
Towards China

Saturday July 16th 1825.
C&D S23W99. Fresh gale throughout mostly fair weather. Employed as yesterday to clear the wings in the Orlop for caulking. Sick 10. Lat 36.47S Long 9.50E.

Sunday July 17th.
C&D SSWbW108. Fresh gale throughout with squalls & dark cloudy weather. Mizzling rain in the latter part. The unsettled state of the weather prevented the performance of divine service. Sick List 10. This weeks expenditure 774. Water on board 6800 galls. Lat 38.27S Long 8.47E.

[Page 57:]
Warren Hastings from England

Monday July 18th 1825.
C&D S29W65. Fresh gale with hard squalls at times in the first & middle parts – latter variable at southward & more moderate – Dark cloudy weather. A heavy head swell. Employed as necessary. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd Driver. Sick List 9. Lat 39.23S Long 8.7E.

Tuesday July 19th 1825.
C&D E21N106. Fresh breeze decreasing in the middle part to a moderate breeze. Hazy weather with rain at times – Sea much abated. Employed as requisite – Sailmaker repairing the 3rd Main Top sail. Sick 9. Lat 38.45S Long 10.11E.

[Page 58:]
Towards China

Wednesday July 20th 1825.
C&D East48. Light winds - calms with hazy weather & mizzling at times. Employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker on the 3rd Mizzen Top sail. Caulker on the Water Ways in Gun deck. Sick 7. Lat 38.45S Long 11.12E.

Thursday July 21st.
C&D EbS126. Moderate breeze in the first & middle parts – latter light thick fog banks all round – Employed as yesterday. Sick 10. Lat 38.56S Long 13.54E.

[Page 59:]
Warren Hastings from England

Friday July 22nd 1825.
C&D East112. Light variable winds in the first & middle parts latter an increasing breeze & cloudy weather. At half past 5pm departed this life John Wheeler Seaman. Fitted Bentick [Bentinck] shrouds to Fore & Main rigging. Sick 6. Lat 39.3S Long 16.18E.

Saturday July 23rd.
C&D East176. Increasing to strong breeze with hard squalls in the first & middle parts, latter moderate & fair. Filling salt water to trim Ship. Washed Gun deck. Sailmaker on the 3rd Main Top sail. Sick List 5. PM Committed the body of the deceased to the deep with the usual ceremony. Lat 39.8S long 20.4E.

[Page 60:]
Towards China

Sunday 24th July 1825.
C&D East201. Increasing to a strong breeze from NWbW with hard squalls in the latter part a considerable sea running which makes us roll deep. The state of he weather & rolling prevented the performance of divine service. Mustered the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 637. Water on board 6163 galls. Sick 4. Lat 39.8S Long 24.23E.

Monday 25th July.
C&D East 213. Increasing to a strong gale in the middle & latter parts with violent squalls & rain at times. Watch as necessary. Sick 5. Lat 39.6S Long 28.57E.

[Page 61:]
Warren Hastings from England

Tuesday July 26th 1825.
C&D E3N215. Fresh gale in the first & middle parts with squalls. At 5am increased to a very hard gale with frequent violent squalls & hail & a high following sea. Employed as requisite. Sick 5. Lat 38.55S Long 33.32E.

Wednesday Jul 27th 1825.
C&D E4N191. Fist pat a strong gale with very hard gusts at intervals & without squalls – a high following sea which makes the Ship roll very much – towards noon somewhat gone down. Sick 5. Caulker & Carpenter on the Butts on the Upper deck. Lat 38.41S Long 37.36E.

[Page 62:]
Towards China

Thursday July 28th 1825.
C&D East178. Increasing to a brisk gale in the first part – middle & latter more moderate & cloudy weather – a large sea on. PM Confined in irons James Hally, Boatswains Mate for insolence – mutinous conduct – Employed filling water – Carpenter & Caulker on the Water Ways on the Upper Deck . Sailmaker on the 3rd Main Top sail. Sick 6. Lat 38.39S Long 41.22E.

Friday July 29th.
C&D East108. Light variable winds & unsettled weather throughout. PM Held a Court of Enquiry on the prisoner who was found guilty of the above offences & drunkenness. Punished him with 14 lashes & remitted the remainder of his sentence (3 dozen) on promise of future good conduct. Employed as requisite. Sailmaker on the 3rd Main Top sail. Sick 6. Lat 38.33S Long 43.38E.

[Page 63:]
Warren Hastings from England

Saturday 30th July 1825.
C&D East178. Fresh breeze from the NE with dark cloudy weather for the most part. AM cleaned the Gun Deck. Sailmaker as before. Sick 8. Lat 38.42S Long 47.23E.

Sunday 31st July 1825.
C&D E5N202. Fresh breeze from the NE in the first part increasing in the latter to a fresh gale with squalls & some rain. Hazy weather. Sick List 8. The state of the weather prevented the performance of divine service. This weeks expenditure 661. Water on boar 5502 galls. Mustered the Ships Company. Lat 38.41S Long 51.41E.

[Page 64:]
Towards China

Monday 1st August 1825.
C&D EbN168. Fresh gale with hard squalls increasing at midnight to a hard gale with very violent & long continued gusts with rain. At half past 7am a sudden shift to the SSW 7 much more moderate, cloudy weather. A very heavy sea. Ship rolling deep. AM Watch employed as requisite. Sailmaker on the old small Jib. Sick 5. Lat 38.24S Long 55.41E

Tuesday August 2nd 1825.
C&D E7N146. Moderate breezes in the first & latter parts ---- in the middle mostly fine weather. Sick List 5 men. Employed as necessary. Carpenter & Caulker caulking in the bow ports & overhauling the butts on the top sides. Sailmaker on the 3rd Main Top sail. Lat 37.42S Long 58.2E.

[Page 65:]
Warren Hastings from England

Wednesday August 3rd 1825.
C&D East161. Moderate breeze increasing in the latter parts – cloudy weather. 4 men sick. Discovered that the Beam in the after part of the main hatchway in the hold to be considerably sunk & the stanchions in the Orlop Deal immediately above it & this one abaft to be out of their mortices & fallen. I immediately went below with the Officers & Carpenter & inspected it when we found sunk about 1½ ins amidships, Lat 37.42S Long 61.27E. considerably more in the Quarters & the ends apparently sprung, having fallen from the knees at the end bolts. – Immediately set the Carpenter & his crew to work to secure it with shores in the best manner we thought practicable for the present. Cast loose the booms and got out a Teak Jib Boom for the purpose.

People employed clearing the upper part of the main hold for the Carpenter – sent down the Jib Boom & secured it athwart the hold, below the sprung beam & fixed shores as a temporary support to it. [continued after next Log]

[Page 66:]
Towards China

Thursday August 4th 1825.
C&D E4N196. Increasing in the first part to a fresh gale with very violent gusts – latterly more moderate – a high sea running. Carpenter employed in the hold fixing the shores more securely & adding others in the best way practicable & cleating the Heads of the stanchions in the Orlop deck. 4 men sick. Lat 37.22S Long 65.32E.

Upon inspecting the injury sustained & upon questioning the Carpenter on the subject it is my opinion that it would be highly improper to trust to any partial repair we can effect at sea. I therefore deemed it my duty to call a consultation of my Officers as to the propriety of deviating from the prescribed route for the purpose of getting the Damage effectively reprised & after pointing out to them my reasons for supposing it would be necessary to do so (for which see the minutes taken on the occasion) I received their opinions in writing, which unanimously coincided with my own – it was decided we should proceed to Penang where we could procure assistance & materials & ascertain the extent of the Injury.

[Page 67:]
Warren Hastings from England

Friday August 5th 1825.
C&D E4N197. Increasing in the middle part to a strong gale with hard squalls & rain. A large following sea which makes us roll deep. Carpenter & crew putting additional fastenings to the main beam. People as necessary. Sailmaker on stud sail. 4 men sick. Lat 37.1S Long 69.38E.

Saturday August 6th.
C&D E27N176. Fresh gale decreasing in the first & middle parts with unsettled weather & mizzling rain – latter a brisk breeze & fair weather. Sea much gone down in the latter part. Sick 5. Employed as yesterday. Lat 35.54S Long 72.51E.

[Page 68:]
Towards China

Sunday August 7th 1825.
C&D N51E197. Fresh breeze decreasing towards the latter part. Cloudy weather. AM Performed divine service & mustered Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 608. Water on board 4893 galls. Sick 3. Confined Martin Sullivan 2nd Master in irons on a charge of a most detestable nature. Lat 33.57S Long 77.14E.

Monday August 8th 1825.
C&D N47E185. Fresh breeze & mostly fair weather. Employed as necessary. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top sail. Caulker on the Gun deck. Sick 3. Lat 31.48S Long 80.45E.

[Page 69:]
Warren Hastings from England

Tuesday August 9th 1825.
C&D NE179. Pleasant breeze decreasing latterly & fine weather mostly. Employed as yesterday, PM Held a Court of Enquiry on the conduct of Martin Sullivan 2nd Master & finding him guilty of the offence – at noon punished him with 3 dozen lashes & disrated him. Lat 29.28S Long 83.9E.

Wednesday August 10th.
C&D NE86. Light variable winds & fine weather. AM Washed & cleaned th Gun deck – otherwise under the Boatswain. Sailmaker on the 3rd Main Top sail. Sick 2. Lat 28.28S Long 84.29E.

[Page 70:]
Towards China

Thursday August 11th 1825.
C&D NE52. Light NW winds & fine weather. Employed as necessary. Caulker caulking the galleys – Sailmaker repairing the old Main sail. Sick 2. AM shifted Main Top sail & Jib with the old one – up Mizzen Top Gallant mast & yard. Lat 27.39S Long 85.12E.

Friday August 12th.
C&D NbE80. Light variable airs & calm for the most part – with cloudy weather & rain. Sick List 3. AM Washed clothes. Carpenter repairing the waist Hammock boards – Caulker on the Pall. Lat 26.15S Long 85.29E.

[Page 71:]
Warren Hastings from England

Saturday August 13th 1825.
C&D N9W160. Increasing to a brisk breeze & cloudy weather. At 5pm confined Richard Wheatley Seaman in irons. For drunkenness & neglect of duty. Washed the Gun deck & as before. Sick List 3. Lat 23.45S Long 85.2E.

Sunday August 14th 1825.
C&D NbW173. Fresh breezes variable & squally in the first & middle parts, latter moderate & fair. Performed divine service & mustered the Ships Company. The weeks expenditure 684. Water on board 4209 galls. Sick 3. Lat 20.49S Long 84 44E.

[Page 72:]
Towards China

Monday 15th August 1825.
C&D N2E177. Moderate & fair in the day, squalls with rain at night. Sick 3. Employed rattling down the main Rigging. Round up the small Bower cable to caulk the Orlop. Sailmaker on the old Main sail. Lat 17.49S Long 84.57E.

Tuesday August 16th 1825.
C&D NbE188. A fresh Trade & mostly cloudy weather. Sick 4. Employed under the Boatswain rattling down the rigging. Sailmaker as before. Caulker caulking the Yawl. Lat 14.47S Long 85.22E.

[Page 73:]
Warren Hastings from England

Wednesday 17th August 1825.
C&D NE197. A fresh Trade & cloudy weather. Employed as yesterday. Sailmaker repairing the old Mizzen Top sail. Caulker on the main Orlop. Lat 11.23S Long 85.47E.

Thursday 18th August 1825.
C&D NE173. Fresh breeze for the most part with squalls & rain in the night. Held Court of Enquiry on the conduct of Richard Wheatley Seaman. The charge being fully proved against him & having pardoned him before for a former offence – punished him with 3 dozen lashes it being the opinion of myself & Officers that he deserved the same. Employed as requisite & rousing up the best Bower to caulk under. Sailmaker on the old Mizzen Top sail. Sick 5. Lat 8.22S Long 86.4E.

[Page 74:]
Towards China C&D North160. First part moderate & fair middle & latter variable & unsettled with light rain & dark cloudy weather. Sick List 7. Payed down the small Bower & outer sheet – otherwise as necessary – Caulker on the main Orlop. Lat 5.52S Long 86.6E.

Saturday 20th August 1825.
C&D NbE150. Wind variable from the Eastward with squalls & rain for the most part – cloudy weather. Sick 6. Payed down the best Bower & as necessary. Lat 3.27S. Long 86.15E.

[Page 75:]
Warren Hastings from England

Sunday August 21st 1825.
C&D NNE108. First part variable winds & unsettled weather – latter steady & light breeze from the southward & cloudy. AM performed divine service & mustered the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 688 galls. Water on board 3520 galls. 8 men sick. Lat 1.58S Long 87.8E.

Monday August 22nd.
C&D N23E143. Light winds in the first part & fair weather middle & latter increasing with thick cloudy weather. PM Shifted Fore & Fore Top sails with the 2nd best – Mizzen Top sail with the worst. Employed clearing the Lazeretto & sail room for the Caulker. Sailmaker on the old Fore sail. Caulker on the Gun deck. Swayed the fore yard higher up. Sick 6. Lat 00.14N Long 88.23E.

[Crosses the Equator]

[Page 76:]
Towards China.

Tuesday August 23rd 1825.
C&D ----. First & middle parts variable winds & very squally with rain. Latter moderate & cloudy. Employed as yesterday. Caulker in the Lazeretto. Sick 6. Lat 3.15N Long 90.31E.

Wednesday August 24th 1825.
C&D ----. Moderate monsoon with squalls & rain at times. Sick List 6. Employed reberthing the cables & as necessary. Sailmaker as before. Caulker caulking the Sail room. Lat None long 92.23E.

[Page 77:]
Warren Hastings from England

Thursday August 25th 1825.
C&D ----. Moderate monsoon & cloudy weather. PM Bent the Bower cables. Latitude at 9pm 5.50N. Unstowed the Bower anchors. Sailmaker on the old Fore sail. Caulker caulking the Sail room. Sick List 6. Lat 6.4N Long 96.40E.

Friday August 26th.
C&D N70E152. Moderate monsoon & fine pleasant weather. At half past 1 pm saw Point Brasse from the deck. At 3pm Point Brasse S51E. Point Way S72E. At 4.40pm Point Brasse S56 to S64E. Point Way S27 to S35E. Point Roads S71E Dist 6 leagues. Long 94.54E. Employed as requisite. Sick 7. Lat 6.5N Long 96.48E.

[Page 78:]
Towards China

Saturday August 27th 1825. C&D ---- A pleasant breeze & fine weather. AM washed & cleaned the Gun deck [also the living quarters] At 7am Point Bouton bearing NE dist.7 or 8 leagues. 9pm Point Bouton N4E. At noon Extreme of the Lancaval from N10E to N60E. Sick 7. Lat 5.55N Long 99.34E.

Saturday continued.
C&D ----. At 2pm The Island of Point Penang a head dist.10 or 12 leagues. At 4.40pm Point Bounting N74E. Extreme of Queda from N80E to S83E. At 5.40pm Point Bounting N61E. Point Penang SEbS. At midnight upon nearing the shipping it fell suddenly calm & the tide running strong the Ship became unmanageable in her steerage & came in contact with Hon’ble Comp’ys Ship Windsor & carried away our Flying Jib boom – Fore Top Gallant mast & Larboard Whisker, swung clear of her & anchored in 14 fms – half a cable on the best Bower a whole on the Small – The Flag Staff NWbW. This Log contains 36 hours.

[End of Sea Log]

To be continued

Harbour Journal - Warren Hastings at Penang
Sunday August 28th 1825.

[Page 79:]
Warren Hastings at Penang

Sunday August 28th 1825.
Light winds & fine pleasant weather. Dried & unbent the sails. Down Fore Top Gallant yard 7 mast - & cut Yawl – PM Pumped Ship. Sick List 6.

Monday August 29th.
Light southerly winds & fine weather. Employed clearing the main Hold for a survey on the beams & upsetting the cables forward well clear of the injured beams. Pumped Ship 13in. Sick 7.

Tuesday August 30th.
Winds & weather as yesterday. AM Captain Hariside, Mr Edmeads 1st Officer & the Carpenter of the Hon’ble Comp’ys Ship Windsor came on board with Mr Wright Master Attendant came on board & held a survey on the beams in the main Hold when it was decided nothing could be done towards repairing the beams till the heel of the stanchions were clear, the beams abaft having also fallen. Employed clearing the hold below the beams & about the rigging. Making a Fore Top Gallant mast & caulking the Ship. Sailmaker on the old Top sail. Sick List 6.

Wednesday 31st August.
Winds off the land with heavy rain in the middle part. AM Clearing hawse. Employed getting up the bales & iron from the Main Hold into the Orlop & provisions into the Lazeretto – Tradesman as before.

Thursday September 1st.
Light winds & fair weather throughout. Employed clearing the Main Hold. Received some Rattans to dunnage the Hon’nble Comp’ys bales. Carpenter preparing shores making a Whisker. Caulkers caulking the Gun deck. Cleared Hawse. Sick 12.

Friday September 2nd.
Fresh westerly winds at times fine weather. Employed clearing the Coals away down to the Kentledge in the Main Hold. Otherwise filling Water – Delivered some private Trade – Carpenter & Caulkers as before. PM 13ins. Sick List 13.

[Page 80:]
Warren Hastings at Penang

Saturday September 3rd.
Winds & weather as yesterday. Employed clearing the Main Hold & stowing water – Carpenter preparing planks for the beams – Caulkers as before. Sailmaker on the old Mizen Top sail – Pumped Ship 14ins. Sick List 12.

Sunday September 4th.
First & middle parts light winds & fine weather. Latter fresh from the eastward with Lights & squally weather. Fidded Fore Top Gallant masts & crossed the yards. Washed the decks – mustered the Ships Company. Sick List 10.

Monday September 5th.
Light winds & fine weather throughout – Employed clearing the Main Hold – stowing water – some hands on the rigging. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top sail. Carpenter getting shores up in the Main Hold. Other Tradesmen as before. Sick List .

Tuesday September 6th.
Wind & weather as yesterday. AM Mr Wright Master Attendant, Capt. Hariside, Mr Edmonds 1st Officer & the Carpenter of the Windsor came on board & held another urvey on the beams when the necessary repairs to secure them was decided upon (as per minutes taken at the time) . The Carpenter with the assistance of the Carpenter & crew of the Windsor set to work to heave the beams in their places. People & other Tradesmen as necessary. Sick 7. [Cmdr Rawes sometimes refers to his own crew as People.]

Wednesday September 7th.
Light winds & dark cloudy weather with much thunder & lights in the latter part. AM Got down fish pieces for the beams – Carpenter & with the assistance as for last. Employed about shores – Caulkers as before – Pumped Ship 14ins. Sick List 8.

Thursday September 8th.
Fresh northerly winds with heavy rain thunder & lights – Carpenter as for last. AM Cleared hawse otherwise as necessary. Caulkers below. Sick 8.

[Page 81:]
Warren Hastings at Penang

Friday September 9th 1825.
Northerly winds & fne weather throughout. AM Set up the Bob Stays. Stayed the Fore mast & set the rigging up – Received some Butter Nut - Carpenter employed fixing the Clamp pieces on the Main Beam. Sailmaker on the old Mizen Top sail. Native caulkers outside. AM Pumped ship 12in. Sick 10.

Saturday Sept 10th.
Fresh NW winds & fine weather – AM Stayed the Main mast & set the rigging up – Carpenter & Culkers as for last – Received some Butter nut. 12 men sick.

Sunday September 11th.
First part thunder & lights & heavy rain. Latter light winds & fine weather – Washed decks – Performed divine service – Pumped Ship 14in. Sick List 11.

Monday September 12th.
Northerly winds & fine weather throughout. Set up the Mizen Top mast rigging & bent otherwise trimming Ship by the stern. Carpenter & Chinese ditto as before in the Main Hold – other Tradesmen as requisite. Sick List 14.

Tuesday September 13th.
Light winds with rain at night – Carpenter having fixed the stanchions, Employed clearing the Orlop & stowing the lower part of the Main Hold – Sailmaker middle stitching the best Main Top sail. Sick List 19.

Wednesday September 14th.
Light winds & hot weather throughout. Employed as yesterday. Carpenter bolting the new clamp pieces to the beams, Caulkers outside otherwise as before. Sick List 20.

[Page 82:] Warren Hastings at Penang

Thursday September 15th 1825.
Wind & weather as yesterday. AM Cleaned hawse. Carpenter bolting & securing the beams in the Main Slots. – Employed about the Rigging & scraping the sides. Gunner painting – Sick 18.

Friday September 16th.
Fresh westerly winds – heavy rain in the night otherwise fine weather – Restowed the cables in the Orlop – Carpenter finishing bolting & securing the beams. Gunner painting the Ship – other Tradsmen as necessary – Cleared hawse. Sick List 19. p> Saturday September 17th.
Light winds & fine weather – Unmoored Ship & preparing for sea. Tradesmen as for last. Sick list 22.

Sunday 18th September 1825.
Variable winds with rain in the middle par. AM washed the upper & middle decks – received a boat of Water – received on board a detachment of Hon’ble Comp’ys 25th Native Infantry under command of Lieut. Hannah. PM Received the Dispatches at 7pm. The tide making Ripped the anchor & dropped out clear of the shipping. Departed this life John Smith Seaman – sent his remains on shore for interment. Sick 30.

Monday September 19th.
Draft of Water 23.3 Fwd, 21.10Aft. Winds variable mostly from the NW & fine weather. At half past 6am weighed & made all sail & worked to windward out of the harbour – At AM Departed the life Thomas Jones Seaman. Quantity of Water on board 12000 galls. This log contains 12 hours.

[End of Harbour Journal]

[Page 83:]
[Start of Sea Log]
Warren Hastings from Penang

Tuesday September 20th 1825.
Variable winds throughout & hot sultry weather. Departed this life Daniel Sheene Ordinary Seaman. PM Committed the bodies of the deceased to the deep with the usual ceremonies – at 8pm passed a Stranger standing into the Roads. At half past 1pm dark threatening squally appearance from the SW. Anchored in 20fms – Extreme of the Island from NbE to SSEbE. At noon Penang from N30E to East. Sick 43. Lat ---- Long ----.

Wednesday September 21st 1825.
Variable winds & unsettled weather much rain & lightning in the night. At 5.30pm Peneg from N to N23E. SW Point of ditto N5E. Extreme of Island to the southward SEbE. At 6am Point Penang NbE. Extreme of the land from NbE to S59E. At noon Point Dending S38E in 29 fms. Sick 41, Lat 4.31N long 100.20E

[Page 84:]
Towards China

Thursday September 22nd 1825.
C&D ----. Usual Straits weather with much lightning & rain in the latter part. At sunset Point Dending from E15S to E28S. One of the Sambelangs[?] just in sight E46S. Point Jarra S14W Dist 6 leagues. At daylight Point Jarra WbSbS dist 3 or 4 leagues. Sambelangs[?] not seen – very thick weather. At 11am point Jarra just insight N 45W. At noon the Sambelangs[?] N3E to N10E. Lat 3.41N Long 100.28E.

Friday September 23rd 1825.
C&D ----. Variable winds & fine weather. At daylight Extremes of the land from EbN to NNE. At noon the land from EbS to NEbN. PM Departed this life John Johnston, Ships Cook. Sick 35. Lat 3.15N Long 100.41E.

[Page 85:]
Warren Hastings from Penang

Saturday September 24th.
C&D ----. Fresh breeze throughout with squalls in the middle part. At sunset the land bearing from EbS to NEbN. Sick 34. At 11pm split the Fore top sail & main sail. Committed the body of the deceased to the deep with the usual ceremony. At noon the land from EbS to NEbN. Repaired the Fore Top sail & shifted to the Main sail with the 2nd best. Lat 3.15N Long 100.46E.

Sunday September 25th 1825.
C&D ----. Fresh breezes mostly from SE to SbE & hazy weather. The extremes of the land this the haze from EbN to NE. Sick 34. There has been no presentable Flood tide throughout the 24 hours. At 5pm saw the Arroa from the mast head SbWbWest. Crossed Royal yards. Getting under weigh & the duty of the Ship prevented performance of divine service. At half past 11 weighed & made sail. Lat None Long 100.46E.

[Page 8:]
Towards China

Monday 26th September 1825.
C&D ----. C&D ----. Variable winds mostly from SSE & hazy weather. At 4.45pm saw the Arrow from the mast head bearing SbW. At daylight the Arroa not in sight – too hazy to see the land to the eastward – Sick 32 – Lat 3.8N Log 100.47E.

Tuesday 27th September 1825.
C&D ----. Variable winds from SE in the day – Squally at NW with hard rain at night. At 2pm saw the Arroes from the deck. At half past 6 anchored Round Arroa S55W Parcellar Hill E4S. Employed as requisite – Sick List 33. Lat 2.55N long 100.52E.

[Page 87:]
Warren Hastings from Penang

Wednesday September 28th 1825.
Light winds from ESE in first & latter parts – Middle squally at NW & rain. At 5pm Sunk the Round Arroa from the deck bearing W7S. Anchored at 7pm in 16fms. Parcellar Hill E2North. Sick 30. Lat 2.49N Long ----.

Thursday September 29th 1825.
C&D ----. Wind mostly from ESE to SE – with unsettled weather. At half past 6 anchored Parcellar Hill N86E. At 8am Parcellar Hill E11N. Northern extreme of Calam N26E. Sick List 29. Lat 2.48N Long 101.10E.

[Page 88:]
Towards China

Friday September 30th 1825.
C&D ----. Variable winds throughout with much rain in the latter part. At three quarters past 6pm, anchored Parcellar Hill N15E. Point East – in 29fms. At 8am, North extreme of the land – N34W – Parcellar Hill N20W. Cape Rachada E23S. At noon Cape Rachada E20S. Point Arram N44E – too hazy to see the northern land. Sick 29. Lat 2.27N Long 101.43E.

Saturday October 1st 1825.
C&D ----. Variable winds & unsettled weather. At 2.20 Cape Rachada [Rachado] East dist. 6 leagues. At sunset Cape Rachada N16E. Extreme of the land from N16W to E6N. At daylight Cape Rachada N12W. Extreme to the south E15n. Sumatra from W8S to W62S. At noon Rachada N34W Malacca E45N Water Islands southernmost E2N Mount Moar E3S. 27 men sick. Lat 2.3N Long 102.5E.

[Page 89:]
Warren Hastings

Sunday October 2nd 1825.
C&D ----. Light variable winds in the first & latter parts, middle hard squalls from SSE SSE to SW with heavy rain. At 1pm the Outermost Water Island about 6 miles distant. Sick List 27. At 10am Outermost Water Island N37W. Mount Moar E41N. Formosa E1S. Long 102.31E. Noon Mount Moar E62N. Formosa E7N. The winds very variable & attention to the Ship prevented the performance of divine service. Lat 1.46N Long 102.35E

[End of Sea log]

[Page 90:]
[Start of Harbour Journal]

At Singapore
Monday continued
At half past noon rounded the Rabbit & Coney. At 1.40[pm] hauled up round St Johns & at half past 2 anchored with the best bower in 13fms. Flag Staff NWbW – Sighal Island SbW. East extreme of the Bay NEbE. At 12pm landed the detachment of 25th Reg’t of Seapoys – pumped Ship 12 ins. This Log contains 36 hours to regulate Harbour Time.

Tuesday 4th October 1825
Light NW winds mostly fine weather – Employed landing the Seapoys baggage & stores & trimming the Ship by the Stern. Sent the empty butts for Water – unbent the Fore Top sal to repair. Caulker caulking in the Gun room ports & scuttles. Pumped Ship 10ins – Sick 24.

Wednesday 5th October
Light winds & fine weather in the 1st & latter parts – middle squally at SW & rain. Employed receiving & stowing water – Caulker caulking the Poop – Set up the Fore Top mast & Top Gallant rigging. Pumped Ship –ins. Sick List 23.

Thursday 6th October
Fresh westerly winds & fine weather. At 11am sailed the Hon’ble Comp’ys Ship Royal George. Draft of Water 23fms 2in Forw’d. 21.11 Aft. Sick List 23. Quantity of Water on board 12000 galls.

[Page 91:]
Warren Hastings from Penang

Friday October 7th 1825.
C&D ----. Variable winds with unsettled rainy weather in the middle part. – At sunset south extreme of St Johns S55W – Jahore Hill N50E in 19fms. At noon Point Romania N26E. Bintang Saddle Hill EbS. Ick 23.

Saturday October 8th 1825.
C&D N31E116. Variable winds in the first part, latter a moderate breeze & fine weather. At 4pm Pedro Branco –South. Long 10425E. At sunset Pedro Branco S54W. Brintang Saddle Hill S2W. Barbucit Hill – West. At 9.40 Point Domar E8N. Aor W27S. at noon Point Domas S40E. Extremes of the Amambas at N72E to E12S. Employed stowing the anchors. Sick List 20. Lat 2.57N Long 105.10E.

[Page 92:]
Towards China

Sunday October 9th 1825.
C&D N27E135. A pleasant breeze from the south & fine weather. At 1pm John Attersal Seaman fell overboard, cut away the Life Buoy, hove to & lowered the latter as quickly as could be, but unfortunately did not save him. At 4pm Charles Gibson Ordinary Seaman also fell overboard & though every exertion was used he was unfortunately lost. At 6pm – The Amambas[?] from SSE to EbN. AM Peformed divine service & mustered the crew. Sick 10. Lat 4.59N Long 106.14E.

Monday October 10th 1825.
C&D N25E145. Moderate breeze at SSW & cloudy weather in the first part, latter squally, unsettled weather with rain. Washed the Gun deck. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Fore Top sail. Sick 10. Lat 7.18N Long 107.23E.

[Page 93:]
Warren Hastings from Singapore

Tuesday October 11th 1825.
C&D N39E160. Squally from the NW in the first part, middle part & latter moderate breeze from the SW & thick cloudy weather. Employed restowing the sail room – Sailmaker as before. Sick List 10 men. Lat 9.21N Long 109.23E.

Wednesday October 12th 1825.
C&D N39E171. First part hard squalls & rain. Middle & first part breeze at SW. Latter more moderate – cloudy weather. At 2pm In a squall split the Fore & Mizen Top sail – he three Top Gallant sails & the Driver. Shifted them with 2nd best. Stowed the best bower & unbent the cable. Sick List 15. Lat 11.46N Long 111.30E.

[Page 94:]
Towards China

Thursday October 13th 1825.
C&D N40E119. Variable winds & squally weather. Dark threatening weather with heavy rain in the night. Cleaned the Gun deck. Sailmaker middle stitching the bestfore sail. Sick 16. Lat 13.24N Long 113.4E.

Friday October 14th 1825.
C&D N39E665. Variable winds & cloudy weather throughout. Employed spar lashing the booms & as necessary. Sick List 18. Lat 14.12N Long 113.33E.

[Page 95:]
Warren Hastings from Singapore

Saturday October 15th 1825.
C&D N40E36. Light variable winds with rain in the night. AM washed clothes – Sailmaker middle stitching the best Fore sail. Caulker caulking the Forecastle. Sick List 18. Lat 14.44N Long 115.29E.

Sunday October 16th 1825.
C&D N84E37. Variable winds, very unsettled squally weather in the latter parts. A large swell from the NE. Sick List 18. The unsettled state of the weather prevented the performance of divine service. This weeks expenditure 838. Water on board 10282. Lat 12.41N Long 113.46E.

[Page 96:]
Towards China

Monday October 17th 1825.
C&D N53E44. Light breezes in the first & middle parts, latter calm - swell continues heavy from the NE. Employed as necessary. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Fore sail. Shifted the Main Top sail with the best. Sick 19. Lat 15.00N Long 114.26E.

Tuesday October 18th.
C&D N49E109. Light airs & calm in the first part, middle & latter fresh breeze with hard squalls & rain at times & very high sea running from the NE. Shifted the Fore Top sail with the best. 19 men sick. Lat 16.12N Long 115.50E.

[Page 97:]
Warren Hastings from Singapore

Wednesday October 19th 1825.
C &D N42E175. A fresh gale with hard squalls & rain in the first part – latter moderating. PM. Down Fore Top Gallant yard. Got the Flying Jib & Jib boom in stint [? smudged] the mizen Top Gallant mast on deck. Bent 2nd best Jib. Shifted the fore sail with the best. Sick 20. Lat 18.48N long 117.53E.

Thursday October 20th 1825.
C&D N49W165. C&D N42E. Fresh southerly gale in the first part middle & latter increasing & veering to the SE with very high cross sea running which makes us roll deep. Sick 20. Lat 20.36N Long 115.28E.

[Page 98:]
Towards China

Friday October 21st.
C&D N52W59. First part a brisk gale from the SE & cloudy weather. At 1.30pm it increased suddenly to a strong typhoon which fortunately moderated a little at 6am – but still continued blowing a heavy gale throughout – with rain & very thick weather – a tremendous high sea running. In the storm our Top sail sheets went, split Fore & Main which immediately blew all to atoms, the loss of sail caused the Ship to roll very heavy & in a deep lurch carried away our Main Top mast – Cut away the wreck to save the Main mast. Kept the pumps going – Sick 19. Lat 21.31N Long 114.38E.

Saturday October 22nd.
C&D S69W44. Decreasing gale some hard squalls in the middle part. Sea continues very high. PM Shifted in the Main rigging. Sick 19. Pumped Ship every 2 hours. Lat 20.40N Long 113.54E.

[Page 99:]
Warren Hastings from Singapore

Sunday October 23rd 1823.
C&D SW28 Fresh breezes, cloudy with rain in the first pat & middle parts, latter moderate & fair. Pumped Ship every 2 hours. The necessary duty of the Ship prevented the performance of divine service. Sick List 19. Lat 20.16N Long 111.47E.

Monday October 24th.
C&D S54E65. Moderate breezes from the NE & fine weather throughout. AM hauled the sails out of the sail room to dry, some having got wet during the gale. Sick 18. Got the Jib boom out. Lat 19.31N Long 112.12E.

[Page 100:]
Towards China

Tuesday October 25th 1825.
C&D S48E89. Moderate breezes & cloudy weather throughout – AM Got a Main Top mast out of the Booms & restowed them – Carpenter making Cross Tree. Sick list 21. Lat 18.38N Long 113.13E.

Wednesday October 26th.
C&D S55E107. Increasing to fresh breeze in the latter part, Cloudy weather & a heavy swell. PM Set up the Main rigging. Sick 19. AM Employed fitting Main Top mast rigging. Carpenter finished the Cross Trees. Lat 17.39N Long 114.30E.

[Page 101:]
Warren Hastings from Singapore

Thursday October 27th 1825.
C&D East 51. Strong breeze in the first & middle parts, latter moderate fair weather. At pm got down the stump of the Main Top mast. Sick List 18. At noon the Main top mast high enough for rigging. Lat 17.39N. Long 115.20E.

Friday October 28th.
C&D NbW90. Fresh breeze with hard squalls & rain at times. A swell from the East. PM Fidded the Main Top mast & set rigging up. Sick List 18. AM Employed taking up the Top mast rigging, turning in the back stays afresh. Lat 19.29N Long 114.30E.

[Page 102:]
Towards China

Saturday October 29th 1825.
C&D North97. Fresh breezes & cloudy throughout with squalls & rain in the middle part. Got the best Bower over the Gunwale. Sick 19. Lat 21.11N Long 113.53E.

Sunday October 30th 1825.
C&D ----. Moderate & fair weather. 3pm Bent & set the Main Top sail. At 3pm Saw the Grand Ladione bearing North. At sunset Grand Ladione North. Employed drying wet sails & Sailmaker repairing the best Fore Top sail – which prevented divine service. At noon the Asses Ears N38E. Grand Ladione N14W. Lat – Long 113.57E.

[Page 103:]
Warren Hastings at China

Monday October 31st 1825.
Variable winds from NE to SE & fine weather. Calm in the middle part. At half past 8pm Potoc East 1 mile. At 8pm Samcock EbS sent Mr Thompson on shore with the dispatches – At 2pm From a mistake of the Man At the lead in the act of tacking the Ship touched & hung on the edge of the mud flat off Lintin – let go the best bower as the tide was falling – lewed up & fowled sails. At low Water 21 feet soft mud – Ship not sewing at all – At 10pm hove up the anchor & found is much bent in the shank – made sail & run out to the westward and anchored in 10 fms with the small bower. At midnight squally. The Ship drove having parted from the best bower & wore away, but before she brought up she drifted into quarter less 5 fms.

Tuesday November 1st 1825.
NE winds & fine weather in the latter part. AM bent the sheet cable & got the anchor over the Gunwale. Lintin Peak at daylight N7E – Extremes from N27E to N15W. Ran out a Kedge & hawser and at 10.30am weighed east the Ship to the westward & slipped the hawser & made sail at 3am. Anchored in Lintin Roads with the Sheet – the Peak NE Extremes at NEbN to NbW. Unbent the Jib it being split - Pumped Ship twice at 12 & a half ins – 25 men sick.

[Page 104:] Warren Hastings at China

Wednesday November 2nd 1825.
Fresh breeze NEbN in the first part decreasing to light variable air in the middle. Latter fresh at SE & fine weather. At 2am Mr Thompson returned with a Pilot. Bent the best Jib – At 10.30 weighed & turned to windward – Fidded Fore & Mizen Top Gallant mast & crossed the yards – At half past 9pm crossed Lankeet Flats least water 4 & quarter fms. At 11.30 off Chuempee in 7 fms. Lankeet SSWbW. Entrance to Bocca Tignes NWbN – Pumped Ship twice 12ins – Sick 24.

Friday November 4th.
Light winds & foggy weather for the most part. At 1am weighed & dropped up at 3.30 the tide being done anchored in 8 fms, Tyfoo Island SbE half a mile distant – Started some Water. At 2.30pm weighed & made sail a light breeze SW. At 6pm anchored near the second bar on 7fms. The Pagodas NW – Found here Hon Comp’ys Ships Repulse, General Kyd, Inglis, Bridgewater & Kelly Castle. Pumped Ship twice at 12ins. 22 men sick.

Saturday November 5th. First part light airs & calm, latter fresh southerly winds & fine weather. At daylight hove up the starboard anchor & let go the best bower. Shifted the Sheet cable with the small bower. Got the Starboard Cutter in to repair, drying sails. At 7pm weighed & crossed over the 2nd bar – least water 3 & three quarter fms. At 10pm anchored below the 1st Bar.

[End of Sea log]

[Page 105:]
Warren Hastings at [Whampoa] China

[Harbour Journal]

Sunday November 6th 1825.
SE winds, mostly fine weather, At daylight weighed & made sail – At 7 crossed the First Bar – least water 5fms. At 9 anchored on Whampoa Reach just below Junk River. Moored Ship with the swivel. Pumped Ship at 14ins. 19 men on the Sick List.

Monday November 7th.
Light airs & hot sultry weather. AM washed & cleaned decks. Delivered a Chop of Rattans. PM Unbent sails. Carpenters repairing the Larboard Hammock Netting. Caulker & crew on the Poop deck – Sailmaker & crew on the best fore Top sail. Pumped Ship 13ins – 20 men on the Sick List.

Tuesday November 8th.
Southerly winds with hazy rainy weather. Delivered 2 Chops of Comp’y Bales & some Rattans. Down Royal & Top Gallant yards & struck the masts – Some hands on the rigging – Carpenter & Sailmaker as yesterday – Caulking on fore part of he Gun deck – 17 men on the Sick List.

Wednesday November 9th.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Delivered 3 Chops of Bales on Acc’t of the Hon’ble Comp’y & some private Trade. Got Top Gallant masts down & Jib boom in – otherwise on the rigging – Carpenter & Sailmaker as before – Caulker on the Larboard Waist. Pumped Ship 11ins. 17 men sick.

Thursday November 10th.
Fresh breezes from the NE with squalls & heavy rain – too wet to deliver Cargo – Employed clearing the Lazeretto – Picking Oakum – Carpenter building the Waist Netting. Caulker on Larboard side of Gun deck. Sailmaker on the small sails. Pumped Ship 11 inches. 6 men sick.

[Page 106:]

Friday 11th November 1825.
NE winds & rainy weather in the first part latter fine. Delivered 3 Chops of Comp’y Bales & some private Trade – otherwise on the rigging & picking Oakum. Carpenter at work in Larboard waist about the sperfecting[?]. Caulkers as before – Sailmaker on best Fore Top sail. Pumped Ship 11 ins. 17 men on Sick List.

Saturday 12th November.
Westerly winds & fine weather – Employed as yesterday – Received a Sheet anchor from the Bridgewater. Tradesmen as before. The Hoppo measured the Ship – Pumped Ship 11ins. 15 men on the Sick List. Arrived here H. Co’s Ship Scaleby Castle.

Sunday November 13th.
NW winds with rain in the first part. AM washed & cleaned deck & bent sheet cable to new anchor. Got the starboard cutter in to repair. At noon I left the Ship for Canton.

Monday November 14th.
Northerly winds & cloudy weather – employed delivering Cargo on Acc’t of the Hon’ble Comp’y – otherwise on the rigging. PM Hoisted out the Launch – Cleared the sail room for caulking. Carpenter repairing the sail room. Sailmaker on the best Fore sail. Cooper making buckets. Pumped Ship 11in. 16 men on the Sick List.

Tuesday November 15th.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed as before. Got the best anchors into spare D’s place. Restowed the sails – 18 men on Sick List.

[Page 107:]
Warren Hastings at China

Wednesday November 16th 1825.
Light variable winds & fine weather throughout. Employed delivering Hon’ble Comp’ys Cargo & private Trade otherwise on the rigging. Down fore Top sail yard. Caulkers caulking the store rooms - Sailmaker middle stitching the new Main sail & making Windsails – 19 men sick.

Thursday 17th November.
Northerly winds & fine weather. Delivering private Trade – otherwise clothing the Bowsprit. Tradesmen at their several occupations. 19 men sick. Pumped Ship 11in.

Friday 18th November.
Ditto wind & weather, Delivering Hon’ble Co’ys Cargo. Riggers in the Dead Eyes of starboard fore rigging. Carpenter rebuilding store rooms. Sailmaker on the new mizen Top sail – Sick 16.

Saturday 19th November.
Fresh northerly winds & mostly fine weather. Employed as yesterday – Pumped Ship 11in Sick 15.

Sunday 20th November.
Northerly wind & cloudy weather. Washed & cleaned decks. Rowed Guard – mustered the Ships Company – Sick List 15.

Monday 21st November.
Ditto wind & weather. Delivering private Trade & on the Fore rigging. Carpenter wedging the Fore mast & building store rooms. Caulker on the Orlop. Sailmaker as for last. Cooper on shore repairing butts. Pumped Ship 11in. 13 men on Sick List.

[Page 108:]
Warren Hastings at China

Tuesday 22nd November.
NE winds mostly fine weather. Delivering Cargo on Acc’t of the Hon’ble Comp’y – Riggers catharpining in the Fore rigging. Tradesmen as before. Pumped Ship 10in. 14 men sick.

Wednesday 23rd November.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed delivering Comp’y Cargo & riggers serving Fore Mast rigging & clothing Fore Top sail yards. Carpenter as before – Caulker caulking the steerage – Sailmaker & gang on the 2nd Fore Top sail – 13 men sick.

Thursday 24th November.
Fresh NE breeze & fine weather – Employed as yesterday – Stowed the stream Anchor on the spare one. Sick List –

Friday 25th November.
Wind & weather as yesterday – Delivered the last of the Comp’ys Bales – Riggers fitting the Fore yard. Tradesmen as before. Pumped Ship 12in - --men sick.

Saturday 26th November.
Wind & weather as for days past – Delivering iron on Acc’t of the Hon’ble Comp’y & private Trade – otherwise clearing the Fore Hold & Orlop. Carpenter replacing the lead & copper about the stern. Sailmaker on the 2nd Fore Top sail. Caulkers on the Orlop. Riggers as before – Down Main Top Gallant yard. Departed this life James Larty Seaman – 8 men sick.

Sunday 27th November.
Light breeze & fine weather. Washed & cleaned decks – Sent the body of deceased to Danes Island for interment. 11 men sick.

[Page 109:]
Warren Hastings

Monday November 28th 1825.
Ditto wind & weather. AM Set up the Bob Stays & Fore & Fore Top mast rigging, otherwise clearing the Lazeretto. Receiving 40 tons of ballast – cleared the Limbers in the fore hold. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd Fore Top Gallant sail – Pumped Ship 14in – Sick 12.

Tuesday November 29th.
Ditto winds & weather. Sent up stores in the Chow Chow Chop – Employed rattling the Fore rigging down & clearing the After Hold of billet wood – Stripped the Main Top mast. Mechanists as before. Pumped Ship 14in – Sick List 14.

Wednesday November 30th.
Light winds & fine weather. Employed delivering Comp’y Cargo – receiving ballast & clearing limbers in the After hold. Riggers fitting the Main Top mast rigging afresh. Carpenter about the stern. Sailmaker on the best Mizen Top sail. 14 men on the Sick List.

Thursday December 1st.
Ditto wind & weather. Delivering as yesterday & clearing & caulking in the Gun room. Sailmaker on 2nd Driver. Riggers as before. AM Departed this life Mr Small, Boatswain. Pumped Ship 13 inches. 13 men on the Sick List.

Friday December 2nd.
Light winds & fine weather in the first part – latter fresh from NE & cloudy – Employed delivering iron & lead on Acc’t of the Hon’ble Comp’y. Riggers fitting Main Top mast Breast backstays – Tradesmen as per last – Interred the remains of Mr Small at Danes Island – Sailmaker as before. 18 men sick.

Saturday December 3rd.
Light winds from NE & fine weather. Employed as for last & clothing the Fore yard – 16 men sick – Pumped Ship 11in.

Sunday December 4th.
Ditto wind & weather. Washed & cleaned decks & mustered the Ships Company.

Monday December 5th.
Usual wind & weather. Received chops of Bohias. Riggers fitting new Standing Backstays to Main Top mast – Carpenter repairing Scuppers outside – Caulker on top sides – Sailmaker repairing sails. 7 men on Sick List. Scrubbed Hammocks. Hoisted out the large Cutter.

[Page 110:]
At China

Tuesday December 6th 1825.
Light NE winds & pleasant weather. AM Delivered the last of the Comp’ys iron. PM Received a Chop of Tea – otherwise on the rigging – Tradesmen as yesterday – men on sick list.

Wednesday December 7th.
Fresh breezes in the middle part & pleasant weather. Employed delivering coals on Acc’t of the Hon’ble Comp’y. Riggers as usual – Tradesmen as for last. 11 men sick.

Thursday December 8th.
Wind & weather a yesterday, Employed as yesterday. Got down the Main Spring Stay to serve – Sailmaker & gang on the old Main sail. PM Washed the upper deck – Armourer making a Step for Try sail mast – other Tradesmen as necessary. Pumped Ship 13in. 11 men on the Sick List.

Friday 9th December.
Usual wind & weather. Employed clearing the Main Hold. Scraping the outside – Riggers fresh serving the Main Stays on deck. Tradesmen at several occupations. PM Mr Jackson – Captains Timins [Charles Sheldon Timins, between the ships Royal George and the Reliance. The Reliance was built in 1827.] & Newall [of the Scaleby Castle] surveyed the Ship. Men sick --.

Saturday 10th December.
Ditto wind & weather – Employed delivering the last of the Hon’ble Comp’ys Cargo. Hinging[?] the Kentledge up in the Main hold. Scraping outside – Riggers as your last – Carpenter putting two new Dead Eyes into the lower Main Chain Plates – Sailmaker on the 3rd Jib – Draft of Water 17.5 Aft 17.2 Fwd – Sick List –

Sunday 11th December.
Wind & weather as days past. Washed decks & mustered the Ships Company – 12 men sick. 8 inches in the well.

[Page 111:]
Warren Hastings

Monday December 12th 1825.
Fresh breezes & fine weather throughout. Employed clearing the timbers & levelling the Main Hold for teas & scraping outside – Riggers on the Main rigging stripping the Main yard – Sailmaker on the Jib – Caulkers on the larboard Top sides aft Other Tradesmen as useful – 7 men on Sick List – Pumped Ship 10in.

Tuesday December 13th.
Light winds & usual weather. Employed levelling & stowing the flooring teas in the Main hold. Riggers as yesterday – Tradesmen as for last – I visited the Ship. 7 men on the Sick List. Gunner cleaning Small Arms.

Wednesday December 14th.
Light winds mostly cloudy weather. Employed as yesterday. Received one Chop of Congo Tea otherwise on the rigging scraping outside – Gunner painting small yards – Sailmaker on the 3rd Main sail. Armourer making a boom iron for the Fore yard. 8 men on the Sick List. 8 inches in the well.

Thursday December 15th.
Light variable winds with heavy rain in the latter part. AM Received a Chop of Congo Tea. Hauled up the Sheet cable to birth – Gunner cleaning small arms. Riggers clothing the Main Top sail yard. Carpenter building cable – Bulkheads – other Tradesmen as for last – 7 men on the Sick List.

Friday December 16th.
Usual wind & cloudy weather. AM Hauled up the Bower cables to birth – otherwise stowing in the Hold. PM Stayed the Main mast & set up the rigging. Carpenters & other tradesmen as before – 8 men sick.

Saturday 17th December.
Fresh southerly winds at times, with rain in the first & latter parts. Employed in the hold – Birthed the Bower cables. PM Stayed & set up the Main Top mast rigging – 8 men in the Sick List. Carpenter & Tradesmen as for last.

[Page 112:]
At China

Sunday December 18th 1825.
Fresh northerly winds & constant rain. AM Washed decks & mustered the Ships Company – 7 men sick.

Monday December 19th.
Wind as yesterday mostly fine weather. Employed in the hold. AM Swayed across For Main top Sail yard. Set up Fore Top mast rigging & out Jib boom. Carpenter making a Main Top mast Studds sail boom. Sailmaker on the old Main Top sail – Caulkers on the starboard top sides – 6 men on the Sick List.

Tuesday December 20th.
Light breeze & fine weather. Employed in the hold & as necessary about the rigging. Caulkers as yesterday. Carpenter making a Main top Gallant yard. Sailmaker on the 2nd Fore top Gallant sail. 7 men sick.

[Page113:]
Warren Hastings

Saturday 24th December 1825.
Light variable airs & fine weather. At quarter past 4am we were alarmed by the Fleet ringing bells & cry of fire. Discovered the Royal George to be on fire. We immediately lowered & sent all boats to her assistance. Mr Hayward the Gunner with the Engineer & Mr Ralph followed. At half past 4 the flames burst out & so rapid was the destructive element that in less than 20 minutes all persons were obliged to quit the ship – took the crew to the Scaleby Castle & other ships - & rendered every assistance. Fortunately towed her clear of the ships & at 7am she grounded a little above the first Bar at half past she blew up. Employed as required on board – A boat rowing Guard round the wreck. Sick List 6.

Sunday 25th December.
Light winds & fine weather. Washed decks. 6 men sick.

Monday 26th December.
Ditto winds & weather. Employed stowing in the hold & on necessary jobs about the Ship. Riggers on the Mizen rigging rattling & blacking – some hand scraping outside – Carpenter making a Main Top mast Studds sail boom & taking down the Spirit Room in the hold. Caulkers on the Starboard Top sides. Sailmaker new lining the best Fore Top sail. 6 men on the Sic List.

Tuesday 27th December.
Fresh breezes from the NE & cloudy weather. Employed as yesterday. Pointed Top Gallant masts for rigging – Riggers fresh serving Fore Mizen Top Gallant rigging – Carpenter making a top Gallant Cap & Jack. Otherwise as for last. 6 men sick.

Monday 28th December.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed in the Hold & receiving shingle ballast – Unstowed the Starboard booms to caulk under. Stowed the Larboard side. Carpenter as before. Riggers fitting new Main Top Gallant rigging – Tradesmen as before. 6 men sick.

[Page 114:]
At China

Thursday 29th December.
Ditto winds & weather. Unstowed the Spirit Room to caulk otherwise as necessary – Riggers as yesterday & making Spun Yarn. Some hands scraping - Carpenter fitting a piece on to larboard Gunwale forward. Caulkers on the bends. Filled 6 Butts of Water – 7 men sick.

Friday 30th December.
Fresh wind & cold weather. AM Fidded Top Gallant masts & out flying Jib boom. Stayed the Main Top mast & set up the rigging otherwise stowing provisions – Sailmaker making a new mizen Top Gallant sail. – 14 men sick.

Saturday 31st December.
Wind & weather as yesterday – stowed the Spirit Room & as necessary. Carpenter making a new lower boom & railing for Main Top – Gunner painting Bowsprit & Mizen mast. Caulker on the counter – Pumped Ship 11in. Received 7 of the H.C’s Ship George ‘s late crew. Sent a boat to the 2nd Bar with part of that ships crew. 14 men sick.

Sunday 1st January 1826.
Northerly winds & cloudy weather. AM Washed decks & mustered Ships Company – 14 men sick.

Monday 2nd January. Wind & weather as yesterday & much rain. Employed variously making Gaskets Sinnett. Riggers stropping blocks – Caulkers on the flat of the Orlop. 6 men on Sick List. Gunner painting the masts.

Tuesday 3rd January.
Variable from the NW to NE & cloudy weather. Employed as yesterday & scraping pitch off the decks - & cleaning outside. Caulkers as before. Carpenter on the Gunwales of the Forecastle. Sailmaker & gang on the old Fore Top mast stay sail. Gunner painting the masts – 5 men sick.

Wednesday 4th January.
Ditto winds & weather. Received a chop of Congo Tea. Otherwise making Gaskets – mats - Caulker as yesterday Gunner paints larboard side of the Ship. Sailmaker repairing 2nd Main sail. Carpenter securing 2 of the Fore Chain plates on starboard side. 5 men on the Sick List.

[Page 115:] Warren Hastings

Thursday 5th January 1826.
Fresh winds & fine weather throughout. Employed as yesterday & scraping pitch off the upper deck. Gunner & Tradesmen as before – Carpenter building store room under the Galley – 6 men sick.

Friday 6th January.
Ditto winds – pleasant weather. Received 2 Chops of Tea on Acc’t of the Hon. Coy. & as yesterday. Carpenter repairing the larboard Cathead & Boats Skids. Caulkers on the 2nd deck – 5 men sick.

Saturday 7th January.
Wind & weather as for last. Employed stowing in the hold& as necessary – scraping pitch off the Quarter deck. AM Crossed Top Gallant yards. Sailmaker & gang repairing stud sails.- Tradesmen as yesterday. 5 men sick.

Sunday 8th January.
Light winds & mostly cloudy weather – Washed decks & mustered Ships Company – 5 men sick.

Monday 9th January.
Fresh breeze NE & fine weather. Employed stowing the sfter hold & reeving running rigging. Carpenter on the larboard Cathead – Sailmaker as before – Gunner painting, Caulkers caulking the Gun deck – PM Departed this life Jeremiah Crewe Seaman – 4 men sick.

Tuesday 10th January.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed in the hold & rigging the Royal yards. Received some biscuits & G---- aM Sent the body of deceased on shore for interment – Carpenter repairing the head & Poop. 5 men sick.

Wednesday 11th January.
Ditto wind & weather. Received a Chop of Twankey Tea on Acc’t of the Hon. Coy. – otherwise as necessary. Tradesmen as for last. 5 men sick.

Thursday 12th January.
Fresh breezes NE & fine weather – AM Received a Chop of Tea on Acc’t of the Hon. Coy. Otherwise as necessary. I visited the Ship – Tradesmen as before – 6 men sick.

[Page 116:] At China

Friday 13th January 1826.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Got in the Launch & otherwise employed stowing the booms & in the holds.- Carpenter altering cabins – other Tradesmen at several occupations – 5 men sick.

Saturday 14th January.
Light winds & fine weather – Employed in the hold & stowing butts of Water along the booms & on the Gun deck – Tradesmen as yesterday – Gunner painting inside – 5 men sick.

Sunday 17th January.
Ditto winds & weather. Washed decks – mustered the Ships Company – 7 men sick.

Monday 16th January.
Usual winds & weather. AM Received a Chop of Tea on Acc’t of the Hon. Coy.- Set up Bob Stays – stayed the masts & set up the Fore & Main rigging – Carpenter making Top Gallant out riggers. Cooper on buckets – 5 men sick.

Tuesday 17th January.
Fresh northerly winds & fine weather AM Bent sails & Crossed Royal yards, otherwise stowing Water on the Gun deck & in the hold – Tradesmen as before – I visited the Ship. 5 men sick.

Wednesday 18th January.
Light winds & fine weather throughout – AM Payed the People two months advance – received a Chop of Tea – 5 men sick.

[Page 117:] Warren Hastings at China

Thursday 19th January.
NE winds & cloudy weather. Received Two Chops of Tea on the Acc’t of the Hon. Coy. 4 men sick.

Friday 20th January.
Fresh northerly winds & fine weather – Received a Chop of Tea & some Water. PM Unmoored Ship – 5 men sick. Draft of Water – 20.8 Fwd 19.2 Aft.

Saturday 21st January.
Ditto wind & weather. AM I joined the Ship at 8, weighed & warped down - at 11 made sail – At noon crossed the first Bar – least water 4¼ fms. At 4pm anchored in 8 fms just above 2nd Bar, At 6.30 weighed & at 8 crossed the 2nd Bar. Least water 4¼ fms. At 9pm anchored with the Best Bower – Pagoda NWbW. The Charles Grant passed up. 4 men sick.

Monday 23rd January.
Light winds & fine weather. Employed stowing Teas in the Gun room, Fore Orlop & Hold. Received 2 Chops on Acc’t of the Hon.Coy. otherwise stowing Water on the Gun deck – Carpenter on various jobs – Sailmaker reducing the 2nd Mizen Top sail. Other Tradesmen as necessary. 6 men in the Sick List.

Tuesday 24th January.
Usual winds & cloudy weather. AM Received a Chop of Tea, otherwise stowing in the Fore & Main Hold, Gun room & Fore Orlop – Some hands serving Studds ---- - Scrubbed & cleaned the Poop. Carpenter building Bulk heads round the Water fore & aft in the Gun deck. Gunner painting – Caulker caulking in the ports. 5 men sick. Pumped Ship 10 inches.

[Page 118:]

Wednesday 25th January 1826.
Variable winds with rain the first part & latter cloudy – AM Received a Chop of private Trade Tea. Employed stowing it & in various parts as yesterday – Tradesmen as before – 4 men sick.

Thursday 26th January.
Wind & weather as yesterday – Received 2 Chops of Tea on Acc’t of Hon. Coy. - Employed stowing & securing the Butts on the upper deck – Some hands with Boatswain – sent the yawl for water.- 4 men sick.

Friday 27th January.
Ditto wind & cloudy weather – AM Received 2 Chops of Tea on a’cct of Hon. Coy. – Employed as yesterday – Some hands rattling down the lower rigging, Tradesmen as for last – 4 men sick.

Saturday 28th January.
Fresh NE winds & heavy rain in the first part. AM Received a Chop of Tea on Acc’t of the Hon. Coy. & some dry stores – Some hands making nippers & Tradesmen as usual – 7 men sick.

Sunday 29th January.
Fresh Northerly winds & fine weather. AM Set up the Mizen & mizen Top Mast rigging – Loosed sails to dry. Washed decks – Received the Chow Chow Chop. I visited the Ship – Sailed for England the Duke of York. 7 men sick.

Monday 30th January.
NE winds & rainy weather. Received three Chops of Tea. Some hands rattling down the mizen rigging – Tradesmen as usual – Passed upward the Orient – 7 men sick.

[Page 119:]
Warren Hastings at China.

Tuesday 31st January.
NE winds & much rain. AM Received three Chops of Tea on Acc’t of the Hon. Coy. PM Blocked up the After Hold. Some hands making Nippers. Carpenter cleating & securing Butts – Sailmaker making a Tarpaulin – Gunner painting buckets – Armourer at the Forge. 7 men sick.

Wednesday 1st February 1826.
Fresh NE winds & cloudy weather – Employed stowing – At noon Blocked up the Lazeretto Hatches. Lowered sail to dry – Tradesmen at their usual occupations. 7 men sick – Pumped Ship 9 inches.

Thursday February 2nd.
Ditto winds & hazy weather – Received One Chop of Tea – Blocked up the fore Orlop Hatches – At noon cleared Hawse. Hauled up the Starboard cables in the Gun deck to birth – Tradesmen as necessary – 6 men sick.

Friday February 3rd.
Ditto winds – Cloudy weather – Dispatched Mr Ralph with the Boatswain’s Book to Canton – Hauled up the larboard cables – Employed coiling the cables I their birth & stowing Teas. Some hands with the Boatswain – Tradesmen as requisite – 6 men sick.

[Page 120:]
Warren Hastings at China

Saturday February 4th 1826
Northerly winds & cloudy weather with rain in the latter part. AM Birthed the Starboard cables – Lowered sail to dry & sent the Yawl for water. PM Unmoored Ship & hove in half a cable – Bent Studds sails & preparing for sea. 5 men sick

Sunday February 5th.
Ditto winds & cloudy weather. AM Received a Chop of Tea on the Acc’t of the Hon. Coy. – Hoisted in the Yawl & sent the Cutter for water – blocked up & caulked down the Main Hold Hatches – I joined the Ship – 5 men sick.

Monday February 6th.
Northerly winds & fine weather. AM Mr Millett Super Cargo came on board & dispatched the Ship. At 1pm – weighed & made all sail. At 3 passed the Bona Tigris & at 5.30 anchored off Lankech Island in 8 & half fms. Sampan Chow west 1 & half miles distant. 5 men sick. Draft of Water 22.9fms Fwd 21.6Aft.

Tuesday February 7th.
Fresh Northerly winds decreasing to light variable airs. At 8am weighed & made all sail towards Lintin – At 6pm passed Lintin & at 10.30 anchored in Macao Roads – The Town NWbW – Cowan Point SWbS.

[End of Harbour Journal]

[Page 121:]

[Start of Sea Log]

Warren Hastings from China

Wednesday February 8th 1826.
Light winds variable & fine weather. At 8am weighed with a light breeze at NNE & made all sail – Martin William & John Livingstone passengers joined the Ship – sick 8. This log contains 12 hours & ends at noon. Water on board 16126 galls.

Thursday February 9th 1826.
Light breezes n the first part increasing to a pleasant Trade, fair weather. Sick List 4. Employed as necessary, matting rigging yards. At noon held a Court of Enquiry on the prisoner Wilson for disobedience of orders & very insolent & mutinous language also for drunkenness. The charges being fully proved against him, punished him with Two dozen lashes. Lat 19.35N Long 112,15E,

[Page 122:]
Towards England

Friday February 10th 1826.
C&D S26W173. Pleasant breeze decreasing latterly & fine weather. Hauled the sails up out of the sail room to overhaul & air. Sick List 4. Lat 17.00N Long 110.39E.

Saturday 11th February.
C&D S4W164. Moderate & cloudy weather. Washed the Gun deck. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Jib. Sick 4. Lat 14.13N long 110.13E.

[Page 123:]
Warren Hastings from China

Sunday February 12th 1826.
C&D S9E165. Fresh breeze with light squalls & showers of rain at times – AM Read divine service & mustered the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 397. Water on board 15729 galls. 5 men sick. Lat 11.41N Long 110.33E.

Monday February 13th.
C&D SbW153. Moderate monsoon with some squalls & rain. Employed under the Boatswain & fitting a new Main Top sail. Sailmaker repairing split Studds sails. 5 sick men. Lat 11.2N Long 110.9E.

[Page 124:]
Towards England

Tuesday February 14th 1826.
C&D S15W90. Wind variable from the NE. Rain in the first & middle parts, latter cloudy. Employed as yesterday. Sick List 5. Lat 7.42N Long 109.36E.

Wednesday 15th February.
C&D S18W89. Light breezes from ESE & fine weather. Employed under the Boatswain as necessary. Sailmaker repairing Studds sails. Sick List 6 men. Lat 6.23N Long 109.4E.

[Page 125:]
Warren Hastings from China

Thursday 16th February 1826.
C&D S2E60. Light breezes from the ESE with inclinable to calm in the last part. Sick List 6. Employed as yesterday. Sailmaker repairing the Storm Mizen Stay sail. Lat 5.3N. Long 109.15E.

Friday 17th February.
C&D SW7. Light airs & calm throughout fine weather. Sick 6. Employed as yesterday. Set up the Main Top mast &Top Gallant rigging. Lat 4.46N long 109.31E.

[Page 126:]
Towards England

Saturday 18th February 1826.
C&D S53W57. Light variable airs from the NW & hot sultry weather. Washed the Gun deck & as necessary. Sailmaker repairing the Storm Mizen Stay sail. At daylight saw the Great Natuna from the deck bearing S79W Dist. About 15 or 16 leagues. At noon body of the land WbN. Sick List 6 – Lat 4.9N Long 109.11E.

Sunday 19th February 1826.
C&D S50W66. Light variable winds mostly fine weather. At sunset the high Peak of great Natuna N78W. Dist 13 or 14 leagues. At midnight the high Peak NWb. S extreme of the Islands west. At daylight peak of Great Natuna N36W. Extremes of the Island N75W. West Island from mast head SbW. At noon Peak N9W ExtremesW39N – West Island S1E. AM Read divine service & mustered the Ships Company – This weeks expenditure 952. Water on board 14777 galls. Lat 3.19N Long 108.31E.

[Page 127:]
Warren Hastings from China

Monday February 20th 1826.
C&D S34W70. Light variable winds throughout & fine weather. At Sunset Peak of Great Natuna north – extremes of the Islands N25W. West Island E50S Low Island west. At 10am Low Island NWbW – West Island east. Employed as requisite making Mats etc. Sick List 4. Lat 2.14N long 107.44E.

Tuesday February 21st.
C&D South 102. Light breezes from the northward & fine weather. Lat’d of point Canopus at 8pm S45N. Point Sirius at 8.20pm 1.44N. At 11pm Saw the Tambelans bearing from SbW to SSWbW. At 2.30am Gap Rock West dist. 6 miles. At 4 – Body of Tambelans WSW – At daylight White Rock SW – At 7am White Rock West 8 miles. Extremes of the Islands N50W to N84W. At 8.30 Dincton Island SSE – At noon extremes of Tambelans N31W to N16W. St Barbe S57W. Direction island S55E. Sick List 4. Lat 00.31N Long 107.44E.

[Crossing the Equator]

[Page 128:]
Towards England

Wednesday February 22nd 1826.
C&D S7W123. Moderate breeze & fine weather. At 4pm St Barbe from S70W to S78W. Direction Island E3S. At sunset South extreme of St Barbe S85W – Direction Island N72E. Employed under the Boatswain & in arranging cables. Sick Lisy 4. Lat 1.34S Long –

Thursday February 23rd.
C&D ---- Wind variable from NW & fine weather. At 4pm Gasper Island from mast head SW6S. At 9pm The Island from the deck SW. At 1am passed the Island to the Eastward dist 4 miles. At 7.30am – West Island S5E. NE extreme Point Lea E45S. Gasper NbE. Extreme Pont S22W Lat’d 2.46S. Long 107.2E. At noon Entrance Point N37W. Saddle IslandN40E. body of Point Lea N22E. Sheal Water Island from mizen rigging EbS. Sick List 4. Lat 3.15S Long 106.59[E].

[Page 129:]
Warren Hastings from China

Friday February 24th 1826.
C&D ---- Light variable winds for the most part, a hard squall from SW at 8pm. At sunset the land disappearing from the deck – from NbW to NWbN. At noon a Stranger (Dutch) standing SSE. Employed as requisite – Sick List 3. Lat 4.18S Long 106.31E.

[Page 130:]
Towards England

Sunday February 26th 1826.
C&D ---- Light variable winds &calms fine weather. Sick List 3. Employed setting the rigging up where required. Sent the boats on shore for some wood. Sailmaker repairing the Mizen Top sail. Coming to an anchor & setting up rigging. Performed divine service. This weeks expenditure 1058. Water on board 10718 galls. Abreast the Northernmost Sister bearing WbS 1mile dist. North Island NNE. Lat ----

Monday February 27th.
C&D ---- first part light variable winds & fine weather. Latter squally & unsettled. PM Employed setting the rigging up & as requisite. At daylight weighed & made sail at 8.30. The Stroven Rock SE. At 11 Hog Point NWbW. Stroven Rock E19N – A hard squall from the westward with rainy weather. Split Fore & Mizen Top sails – bore up & run for our former anchorage. Sick List 3. Lat ----.

[Page 131:]
Warren Hastings from China

Tuesday 28th February 1826.
C&D ---- First part squally & hard rain, latter light variable & fair. PM Repaired the split sails & bent Storm Stay sails. At daylight weighed & made all sail. The wind light & variable. At 8am passed the Stroven Rock. At noon og Point N9W. Southern L---- N34E. Peak of Crockatoa [Krakatoa] W33S. Tamarind Peak W4N. Sick 3. Lat ----

Wednesday March 1st.
Westerly winds & unsettled weather. At half past 3 finding we drifted fast to Eastward bore up & at 7pm anchored in Hoots Bay in 27fms –Southernmost Lutphin SWbS. North Island N. At 3.40 weighed & made sail under double reefed Top sails. At 5am Stroven Rock SE. 6am Hog Point NNE. At noon Peak of Crockatao S13E. West point of ditto S17W. Lee Clip N47W. At 9am Crockatao S16W. Tamarind N3E. Keysers Island W16N. Lat 6.0S Long 105.28E.

[Page 132:]
Towards England

Thursday March 2nd 1826.
C&D ---- Light variable winds in the first part middle a strong breeze with hard squalls latter more moderate. At 6pm Lee Clip E31N 4 miles. Island off West end of Crockatao S19E. Geysers Island W19N. At 1am Peak of Crockatao EbN. At 4am Peak of ditto ENE. At daylight Crockatao E37N. Peak of Princes Island E47S. At 9.30am Extreme of Princes Island SE to E34N. Point Palambang E35S. Stowed the anchors & unbent cables – Sick List 3. Lat 6.52S Long 104.48E.

Friday March 3rd.
C&D W67S86. Wind variable from the westward & unsettled weather in the night. At 2pm Java Head EbS. PM shifted Fore & Mizen Top sails with the best. Sailmaker repairing the Jib. Carpenter storing the anchors. Sick 2. Lat 8.12S Long 104.14E.

[Page 133:]
Warren Hastings from China

Saturday March 4th 1826.
C&D S17W109. Westerly winds with squalls at times. AM Washed the Gun deck. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd fore Top sail. Sick 2. Lat 10.13S Long 103.42E.

Sunday March 5th.
C&D S36E86. Wind variable from the SW with squalls & rain at times. AM Performed divine service & mustered the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 1109. Water on board 12600 galls. Sick 2. Lat 11.36S Long 104.32E.

[Page 134:]
Warren Hastings Towards England

Monday March 6th 1826.
C&D SEbS80 Variable winds from SW & fair weather for the most part. Employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd Fore Top sail. Sick 2. Lat 12.35S Long 105.29E.

Tuesday March 7th.
Light breezes & mostly fine weather. Employed as requisite. Sailmaker as before. Sick 2. Lat 13.35S Long 106.6E.

[Page 135:]
Warren Hastings from China

Wednesday March 8th 1826.
C&D S24E96. Moderate breeze & mostly cloudy weather. Employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker on the 3nd Mizen Top sail. Sick 2. Lat 14.55S Long 106.54E.

Thursday March 9th.
C&D S26E88. Moderate breeze mostly fair weather. Employed as necessary. Sick 2. Lat 16.34S Long 10745E.

[Page 136:]
Warren Hastings towards England

Friday March 10th 1826.
C&D S25E88. Fresh breeze & cloudy weather throughout – heavy head swell which makes the Ship pitch deep. AM Washed clothes & as necessary. Sick 2. Lat 17.48S Long 108.25E.

Saturday March 11th.
C&D South60. Fresh breeze & unsettled weather. Ship pitching very deep at times from a heavy swell at Southward. – AM Washed the Gun deck. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd Fore Top Gallant sail. Sick 2. Lat 18.47S Long 108.34E.

[Page 137:]
Warren Hastings from China

Sunday March 12th 1826.
C&D WbS77. Variable winds & unsettled squally weather for the most part. A large swell from the Southward. AM read divine service. This weeks expenditure 1041. Water on board 11567 galls. Sick 2. Kept a good look out for the Dutch Royal Rocks. Lat 18.50S Long 107.23E.

Monday March 13th.
C&D WbS74. Variable winds & unsettled weather throughout. Employed at Junk work & as necessary. Lat’d at 8pm Cartor 19.2S. Polley 19.0S. Sick List 2. Continued the look out. Lat 19.1S Long 106.8E.

[Page 138:]
Warren Hastings towards England

Tuesday March 14th 1826.
C&D West77. Light Easterly winds & fine weather, increasing in the latter part. Employed under the Boatswain & as necessary. Sick 2. Continued lookout – Lat 19.4S 104.33E.

Wednesday March 15th.
Moderate Trade & fair weather. At 2pm Charles Ray Seaman fell overboard – Hove to – down Cutter – but unfortunately did not save him. Sick List 2. Sailmaker altering the best ----. Shifted Fore & Mizen Top sails with the 2nd best Fore sail & Jib with the old ones & Fore Top Gallant sail with the best. Set up the Fore Top mast rigging. Lat 19.9S Long 101.37E.

[Page 139:]
Warren Hastings from China

Thursday March 16th 1826.
C&D S84W150. Moderate Trade & fine weather. Hauled the cables forward to air & take off the service. Sailmaker on the best Fore Top sail. Sick 2. Lat 19.11S Long 98.42E.

Friday March 17th.
C&D W8S155. Moderate Trade & fine weather throughout. Employed coiling the cables away & as necessary – Sailmaker repairing the 2nd Fore Top sail. Sick 2. Lt 19.31S Long 9.6E.

[Page 140:]
Warren Hastings towards England

Saturday March 18th 1826.
A moderate Trade & fine weather. AM set the Fore & Main & Top mast rigging up. Sailmaker as before – Sick List 2. Lat 19.51S Long 93.39E.

Sunday March 19th.
C&D W8S123. A light Trade & fine pleasant weather. At 4pm Departed this life Peter Egbert Seaman. Performed divine service & committed the body of the deceased to the Deep with the usual ceremony. This weeks expenditure 1076. Water on board 10490 galls. Sick 2. Lat 10.11S Long 91.42E.

[Page 141:]
Warren Hastings from China

Monday March 20th 1826.
C&D W8S115. A light Trade increasing the latter part fin weather for the most part. Employed catharpining in the mizen rigging & in sundry jobs about the rigging. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore sail. Sick List 2. Lat 20.26S Long 89.29E.

Tuesday March 21st 1826.
C&D W9S149. Ditto wind & weather. PM Set up the mizen rigging. Employed mending the service of the rigging – making mats & other necessary jobs. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd Main Top Gallant sail. Sick List 2. Lat 21.2S Long 8.51E.

[Page 142:]
Warren Hastings towards England

Wednesday March 22nd.
C&D W8S166. Moderate breeze from NE to NbW with fair weather. Employed about the rigging & as necessary. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Top Gallant sail. Sick 3. Lat 21.31S Long 84.13E.

Thursday March 23rd.
C&D W4S86. Variable & unsettled winds & weather. Employed under the Boatswain getting span lashing fitted afresh. Sailmaker as before. 2 men on Sick List. At daylight found the Stranger to be the same seen in the Straits of Sunda. Lat 21.45S Long 83.5E.

[Page 143:]
Warren Hastings from China

Friday March 24th 1826.
C&D W4S48. Variable winds first part fair latter heavy rain – a large swell from SSE. Employed as requisite. 3 men in the Sick List. Stranger south 2 miles.Lat 21.50S Long 82.14E.

Saturday March 25th.
C&D W4S93. Light variable winds & unsettled weather. AM Washed the Gun deck - & as necessary. Sick 2. Stranger SSE half courses down. Lat 21.56S Long 80.14E.

[Page 144:]
Warren Hastings towards England

Sunday March 26th 1826.
C&D W7S156. An increasing breeze & cloudy weather. PM The Leach of the Fore Top sail went – shifted it with the best. AM Read divine service & mustered the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 974. Water on board 9515 galls. Sick List 3. Lat 22.16S Long 77.18E.

Monday March 27th 1826.
C&D W9S182. A brisk Trade & mostly fine weather. Employed fresh serving Top sail Tyes – Lower tacks & sheets. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Top sail. Sick 3. Lat 22.33S Long 74.22E.

[Page 145:]
Warren Hastings from China

Tuesday March 28th 1926.
C&D W9S178. A pleasant breeze & fine weather. Employed sewing Top sail Tyes afresh. Sailmaker as before. Sick List 3. Lat 22.58S Long 71.24E.

Wednesday 29th March.
Ditto wind & weather. AM Employed restowing Water. Serving new ropes. Caulker caulking the water way seams on the Gun deck. Sick 3. Lat 23.31S Long 68.42E.

[Page 146:]
Warren Hastings towards England

Thursday 30th March
A brisk Trade & fine weather. Shifted Fore & Fore Top sail, Main sail, mizen Top sail & Fore Top mast stay sails with the best. Caulker as yesterday. Sailmaker as before. Sick 3. Lat 24.14S Long 65.48E.

Friday 31st March.
C&D W16S147. Variable winds & mostly fine weather. AM Washed & scrubbed clothes. Caulker & Sailmaker as yesterday. Sick 3. Lat 24.49S Long 63.12E.

[Page 147:]
Warren Hastings from China

Saturday April 1st 1826.
C&D W14S80. Variable winds with unsettled cloudy & rainy weather in the middle part. AM Washed the Gun deck. Sick List 3. Lat 25.26S Long 62.3E.

Sunday April 2nd.
C&D WbS137. Moderate breeze from the southward & fine pleasant weather. AM Performed divine service & mustered the Ships Company. The weeks expenditure 904. Water on board 8611 galls. Sick 3. Lat 25.52S Long 59.28E.

[Page 148:]
Warren Hastings towards England

Monday April 3rd 1826.
C&D S70W164. Increasing to a fresh breeze with cloudy weather & squalls at times. Employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker on the 2nd best Main sail. Sick 3. Lat 26.48S long 5631E.

Tuesday April 4th.
Fresh breezes throughout with hard squalls in the middle part. Employed as yesterday. Bent Storm Stay sails. Sick List 3. Lat 27.56S Long 53.1E.

[Page 149:]
Warren Hastings from China

Wednesday April 5th 1826.
Fresh breeze & cloudy weather throughout. Employed about the rigging. Sailmaker on the 2nd best Main sail. Sick List 3. Got the Driver boom in. Lat 28.52S Long 50.7E.

Thursday April 6th.
C&D S70W199. Fresh breezes with very unsettled weather in the middle part. Employed as requisite about the rigging. Sailmaker repairing Fore Top Studds sail. Sick List 5. Lat 30.4S Long 46.27E.

[Page 150:]
Warren Hastings towards England

Friday April 7th 1826.
C&D S69W96. Moderate breeze in the first part. Middle variable with hard rain, latter a light breeze at southward & fine. Washed clothes & as necessary. Sick List 5. Lat 30.38S Long 44.33E.

Saturday April 8th.
C&D S69W69. Decreasing to light easterly airs & cloudy weather. Washed the Gun deck & as necessary. Sick 5. Lat 31.6S Long 43.20E.

[Page 151:]
Warren Hastings from China

Sunday April 9th 1826.
C&D NWbN30. Light variable airs & fine weather increasing in the latter part. AM Performed divine service & mustered the Ships Company. This expenditure 1035. Water on board 7575 galls.6 men sick. Lat 30.49S Long 43.3E.

Monday April 10th.
C&D WbS76. Wind variable 31.2S Long 41.41E.

[Page 152:]
Warren Hastings towards England

Tuesday April 11th 1826.
C&D S77W100. Increasing breeze from the northward & fine weather, Middle variable at Westward with much lightning & threatening weather. Latter increasing from the SW & cloudy with large cross swell. Employed as yesterday. Sailmaker as before. Carpenter repairing the small Cutter. At daylight the Stranger NE – courses down – 4 Sick. Lat 31.22S Long 39.45E.

Wednesday April 12th.
First part a fresh breeze with a heavy swell from the West which made us pitch deep – latter more moderate & swell going down. Employed variously – Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore Top sail. 4 sick. At noon Stranger north Courses down, Lat 31.42S Long 37.27E.

[Page 153:]
Warren Hastings from China

Thursday April 13th 1826.
C&D W23S192. Moderate breeze from SE in he first part latter increasing to ENE – cloudy weather. Employed as yesterday. Sick 4. At noon Stranger ENE 9miles. Lat 32.54S Long 34.22E.

Friday April 14th 1826.
C&D W17191. Strong breeze in the first part decreasing in the latter to light variable winds & cloudy weather. Washed clothes etc. Sick 4. Lat 33.55S Long 30.32E.

[Page 154:]
Towards England

Saturday April 15th 1826.
Increasing to a moderate breeze from the northward with fine pleasant weather. Lat’d at 8pm 34.19S. Washed the Gun deck & as necessary. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd Mizen Top sail. Sick List 4. Lat 34.31S Long 28.42E.

Sunday April 16th.
C&D W6S68. Light variable winds in the first part middle fresh latter light winds ESE & cloudy weather. AM Performed divine service & mustered the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 1026. Water on board 6549 galls. 4 men sick. Lat 34.42S Long 27.17E.

[Page 155:]
Warren Hastings from China

Monday April 17th 1826.
C&D WbS122. Light breezes in the first part – latter very unsettled & cloudy – with heavy squalls. Employed as requisite – sick 3. PM Confirmed William Fuller my steward in irons for theft. Several Strangers in sight. Lat 34.53S Long 25.31E.

Tuesday April 18th.
C&D West65. Fresh breezes variable from NW to SSW with hard squalls & rain in the middle part – latter more moderate & cloudy. At 4pm saw land about Cape Francis – bearing NNE. At sunset West Extreme NBE. Sick 3. Held a Court of Enquiry into conduct of William Fuller who was found guilty of the offences - confined him in irons again. At noon 2 Strangers in sight. Lat 3.53S Long 22.40E.

[Page 156:]
Towards England

Wednesday April 19th.
C&D WbN76. Moderate decreasing to light variable airs & fine weather. Sick 3. At daylight saw the land from the deck about Cape Infanta bearing NbW. At noon Extremes of land from North to NEbE. Cupola mountains NEbE. Lat 34.56S Long 21.1E.

Thursday April 20th.
C&D West66. Light variable winds & fine weather. Employed cleaning the Ship. At sunset extremes of the land N25w, Cape Infanta NNE. At daylight extremes of the land NEbE to North. At noon extremes of the land N2E to N55E. PM Sent a boat on board the Leyton Transport with 56th Reg’t Infantry on board from the Mauritius. Sick 3. Lat 35.11S Long 19.56E.

[Page 157:]
Warren Hastings from China

Friday Apri 21st 1826.
C&D N28W79. Decreasing breeze the first & middle parts. Latter light variable winds from the Westward. At 5.10pm Gunners Quoin N78E – Extremes of land N9E to N80E. At sunset Western extreme of the land N3W. Sick 3. AM washed clothes & as necessary. Lat 34.36S Long 18.21E.

Saturday April 22nd.
C&D West22. Strong breeze increasing in the middle part to a fresh gale with hard squalls & a high sea – latter more moderate & fair. At 3pm Cape Point N75E. Southern extreme N46E. Hangliss N86E. At daylight the land at E to ENE. At noon extremes of land EbN to E15S. Two Strangers in sight. Sick List 3. Lat 34.35S Long 17.52E.

[Page 158:]
Towards England

Sunday April 23rd 1826. C&D N58W78. Variable winds unsettled weather in the first part – middle & latter fair. A large swell from the westward which makes the Ship roll deep & prevented the performance of divine service. At sunset the land through the haze EbS. AM mustered the Ships Company. Sick 3. One Stranger in sight. This weeks expenditure 1001. Water on board 5549 galls. Lat 33.49S Long 16.48E.

Monday April 24th.
C&D N57W167. A pleasant breeze & fine weather throughout. Employed about the rigging – Carpenter repairing the small Cutter. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore sail. Caulker caulking the Water Way on the upper deck. Sick 2. Lat 32.16S Long 14.11E.

[Page 159:]
Warren Hastings from China

Tuesday April 25th 1826. C&D N56W178. Pleasant breeze & cloudy weather. Employed rattling the rigging down. Tradesmen as yesterday. Set up the Fore & Main Top mast rigging. Unbent Storm Stay sails. Sick List 2. Lat 30.39S Long 11.10E.

Wednesday April 26th.
C&D N45W176. Ditto winds & weather. Employed rattling down Top mast rigging & fresh serving etc. & breaking out & laying down water. Gunner scraping outside & painting boats. Sick List 2. Lat 28.40S Long 8.36E.

[Page 160:]
Towards England

Thursday April 27th 1826.
C&D N45W168. Moderate breeze & cloudy weather throughout. employed as yesterday & getting provisions out of the fawl – Carpenter reducing the Driver boom. Sick List 2. Lat 26.48S Long 6.11E.

Friday April 28th.
C&D N45W171. Increasing to a brisk Trade in the middle part cloudy weather. Shifted Mizen Top sail with the 2nd best - & unbent Mizen Top & Top mast Stay sails. Employeed painting the boats. Carpenter reducing the Driver boom. Caulker caulking fawl . Sick 2. Lat 25.1S Long 4.6E.

[Page 161:]
Warren Hastings from China.

Saturday April 29th 1826. C&D N43W185. Fresh Trade & cloudy weather throughout. Employed unstowing the faul – Blacking painting – Sailmaker on the best Main sail. Sick List. Lat 22.45 Long 1.48E.

Sunday April 30th.
C&D N40W195. A fresh Trade & cloudy weather throughout. AM Performed divine service & mustered the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 1010. Water on board 4527 galls. Sick List 4. Lat 20.30S Long 00.48W.

[Page 162:]
Towards St Helena

Monday May 1st 1826. C&D N40W177. Fresh Trade & cloudy weather for the most part. Bent the best Bower cables & unstowed the anchors. Gunner painting the Ship, Cooper setting up the Butts – Sick 4. Lat 18.15S Long 2.59W

Tuesday May 2nd.
C&D N38W148. Decreasing Trade & cloudy weather. Bent the Driver, Flying Jib & fore Top mast stay sail. AM Washed the Gun deck & as before. Painting etc. Sick List 4. Lat 16.33S Long 4.39W.

[Page 163:]
Warren Hastings at St Helena

Wednesday May 3rd 1826.
C&D ---- Light Trade & cloudy weather. At 2pm saw the Island of St Helena bearing NWbN. At noon rounded the Sugar Loaf Point & at 1pm anchored in 12 fms the Church South moored Ship – Out Yawl & down Royal Yards. Arrived here the Leyton Transport with part of H.M. 56th Reg’t on board. Sick 6 men. This Log contains 36 hours & ends at Midnight. Lat ---- long ----.

[End of Sea Log]

[Start of Harbour Journal]

[Warren Hastings sailed from The Downs off the Kent Coast 1st May 1825 – so she has already been away over a year]

Thursday May 4th.
Light variable winds & fine weather. Employed watering the Ship & as necessary. Gunner painting Starboard outside. Blacked the bends. Draft of water 21.3 Fwd 21 fms Aft. PM Cleared Hawse – 6 men sick.

Friday May 5th.
Squally with rain – Employed as yesterday. Washed decks. Arrived an American from China & a Portuguese Brig – 6 Sick.

[Page 164:]
At St Helena

Saturday 6th May 1826.
SE winds & fine weather. AM Sailed hence the Leyton Transport – Employed preparing for sea – finished Watering – Sick 7.

Sunday 7th May.
Fresh SE Trade with rain – At daylight unmoored & hove short – At 10.30 weighed & at 11 made sail. Lat’d at noon 15.49S. Sick List 7 – This Log contains 12 hours. Draft of water 21.4ft Aft 22.5ft Fwd. Water on board 12123 galls.

[End of Harbour Journal]

[Start of Sea Log]

Monday 8th May 1826.
C&D N45W173. First part moderate & cloudy weather. Latter very variable with rain. At 1.30pm the Island from S37E to S14E. dist.18 miles. Employed stowing the anchors, unbending the cables. Sick List 6. Lat 13.53S Long 7.42W.

[Page 165:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Tuesday May 9th 1826.
C&D N43W161. Moderate Trade & mostly cloudy weather. Converted the outer best Bower Cable to a small & spliced this pare cable to the inner best Bower. Employed serving the cables. Sailmaker on the best Main sail. Caulker caulking the Water Ways on the upper deck. Suck 7. Lat 11.54S Long 9.57W. Wednesday May 10th. C&D N42W144. Moderate Trade decreasing in he latter part – fine weather. Employed working up Junk & fitting a Main Spring Stay. Caulker as yesterday. Sailmaker repairing the best Fore sail. Sick 7. Lat 10.7S Long 11.43W.

[Page 166:]
Towards England

Thursday 11th May 1826.
C&D N44W127. Light Trade & fine weather. Employed as yesterday. Sick List 7. Lat 8.33S long 13.21W.

Friday 12th May.
C&D N40W97. Light Trade & fine weather. At 3.39pm saw the Island of Ascension bearing NWbW dist. 10 or 11 leagues. At noon Ascension South 16 leagues.Washed clothes. 6 men sick. Lat 7.10S Long 14.37W.

[1 league approx. 3 miles]

[Page 167:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena C&D N37W98. A light Trade & cloudy weather. AM Washed between decks & as necessary. Sailmaker repairing the best Fore Top sail. Sick 4. Lat 5.55S Long 15.45W.

Sunday May 14th.
C&D N34W161. A pleasant Trade & weather. AM Performed divine service & mustered the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 807. Water on board 11,315 galls. Sick 3. Lat 3.43S Long 17.26W.

[Page 168:] Towards England

Monday May 15th 1826.
C&D N31W168. Ditto wind & weather. Employed knotting the Main Stay. Caulker on the Water Ways on the upper deck. Sailmaker repairing the best Fore Top sail. Sick 4. Lat 1.32S Long 19.15W.

[Crossed the Equator]

Tuesday May 16th.
C&D N31W140. A moderate Trade decreasing in the latter part. Employed as before. Sailmaker repairing the best Top Gallant sails. Sick List 5. Lat 00.20N Long 20.44W.

[Page 169:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Wednesday May 17th 1826.
C&D N27W109. Wind variable from SbE to E. with unsettled rainy weather in the latter part. Employed as for days past. Sick List 5. Lat 2.11N Long 21.34W.

Thursday May 18th.
C&D N27W114. Easterly winds with rain at times. Employed as necessary. Sick List 6. Lat 3.53N Long 23.14W.

[Page 170:]
Towards England

Friday May 19th 1826.
C&D N41W118. Moderate breeze fro NE with unsettled squally weather in the middle part. At 5pm Communicated with the Sapho from Bordeaux for Lima. Washed clothes as necessary. Sick 6. Lat 6.12N Long 24.15W.

Saturday May 20th.
C&D N57W121. Moderate breeze & cloudy weather throughout. AM Washed the Gun deck & as necessary. Sailmaker repairing the best Main top sail. Sick List 7. Lat 7.16N Long 25.55W.

[Page 171:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Sunday May 21st 1826.
Light breezes & hazy weather. AM Performed divine service & mustered the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 1092. Water on board 10223 Galls. Sick List 6. Lat 7.37N long 27.39W.

Monday May 22nd.
C&D N52W120. Moderate Trade & hazy weather. Employed working up Junk. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Main top sail. Sick 7. Lat 8.54N Long 29,26W.

[Page 172:]
Towards England

Tuesday 23rd May 1826.
C&D NW133. Moderate Trade & cloudy weather. Employed as yesterday. Sick List 7. Lat 10.31N Long 31.2W.

Wednesday 24th May 1826.
C&D N36W133. A pleasant Trade & weather. Employed as before. Sick List 6. Lat 12.10N Long 32.34W.

[Page 173:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Thursday 25th May 1826.
C&D N54W143. Moderate Trade & mostly cloudy weather. Employed working up Junk & as useful. Sick List 5. Lat 12.13N long 34.12W.

Friday 26th May.
C&D N23W143. A brisk trade with squalls at times. AM Washed clothes. Sick List 4. Lat 16.27N long 35.11W.

[Page 174:]
Towards England

Saturday 27th May 1826.
C&D N23W146. A brisk trade & fine weather. Washed & cleaned between decks. Sick List 6. Lat 18.29N long 36.11W.

Sunday 28th May.
C&D N25W147. Ditto wind & weather. AM Performed divine service & mustered the Ships Company. The weeks expenditure 1019. Water on board 9455 galls. Fell in with the Gulf Heed[?] Sick List 5. Lat 20.47N Long 37.4W.

[Page 175:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Monday 29th May 1826.
C&D N25W153. A fresh Trade & cloudy weather. Employed Puddining[?] the anchors afresh. Sick List 7. Lat 23.14N Long 38.6W.

Thursday 30th May.
C&D N25W147. Lat 25.29N Long 39.23W. Fresh Trade in the first & latter parts, middle a stiff gale with hard squalls & rain. Employed working up Junk. Sailmaker repairing the old Jib & Driver. Shifted the Jin with the 2nd best. Sick 6. Lat 25.29N Long 39.23W.

[Page 176:]
Towards England

Wednesday 31st May 1826.
C&D N10W144. A fresh Trade throughout with passing squalls. Employed as yesterday. Shifted Main Top sail & mizen Top Gallant sails with the best. Sick List 7. Lat 28.5N Long 40.00W.

Thursday 1st June 1826
C&D N5W166. Fresh Trade decreasing in the middle & latter parts. Fine weather. Employed making Points & Rope bands – Sailmaker on the 2nd Main Top Gallant sail. Sick List 7. Lat 30.41N Long 40.19W.

[Page 177:]
Warren Hastings from China

Friday 2nd June 1826.
Moderate & fair weather. Employed working up the Junk. Sailmaker repairing the old Jib. Gunner painting inside. Sick List 6. Lat 32.52N Long 40.26W.

Saturday 3rd June 1826.
C&D N8E137. Light winds & fine weather. Cleaned the Gun deck. Gunner painting inside. Sick List 6. Lat 35.15N Long 40.6W.

[Page 178:] Towards England

Sunday 4th June 1826.
C&D N37E119. Light winds & fine weather. AM Performed divine service & mustered the Ships Company. Sick 7. This weeks expenditure 1027. Water on board 8176 galls. Lat 36.44N Long 38.45W.

Monday 5th June.
C&D N31E152. Moderate breezes from the Southward & cloudy weather, rather squally in the middle part. Employed working up Junk. Sailmaker repairing the 3rd Jib. Sick List 7. Lat 38.6N Long 36.18W.

[Page 179:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Tuesday 6th June 1826.
C&D N59E149. Moderate breezes & cloudy weather with rain in the night. Shifted the Fore sail with the best. AM employed working up Junk. Sick 6. Lat 39.28N Long 33.44W.

Wednesday 7th June.
C&D N62E197. Fresh breeze & mostly fair weather. Employed getting Water clear. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore sail. Sick 6. Lat 41.17N long 29.54W.

[Page 180:]
Towards England

Thursday 8th June 1826.
C&D N65E200. A fresh breeze & cloudy weather throughout. Shifted the Fore Top sail with the best & Min sail with the 2nd best. Sick 4. Fitted Storm Stay sail stays & bent the Storm Mizen Stay sail, otherwise working up Junk. Confined James Halley Boatswains Mate for insolence to Mr Hayward & disobedience of orders. Lat 42.58N Long 25.53W.

Friday 9th June.
C&D N72E156. First part a fresh breeze from the SW – Latte variable at NE with hazy weather throughout. At noon a Court of Enquiry on the prisoner James Halley who was found guilty of the above charges & drunkenness & was sentenced to punishment – upon being seized up before the Ships Company he showed great contrition for the offence – upon which cut him down reprimanded him & disrated him. Washed clothes. Sick 5. Lat 34.47N Long 22.57W.

[Page 181:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Saturday June 10th 1826.
C&D E25N54. Light variable winds cloudy in the first part – Latter fair. AM cleaned the Gun deck. Sailmaker altering the new Driver. Sick 6. Lat 44.2N Long 21.33W.

Sunday June 11th 1826.
C&D E26N122. Increasing breeze & cloudy weather. Performed divine service & mustered the Ships Company. This weeks expenditure 1039. Water on board 7137 galls. Sick List 5. Lat 44.56N Long 18.56W.

[Page 182:]
Towards England

Monday June 12th 1826.
C&D E27N156. Moderate breeze & fine weather throughout. Lat’d Ppole Star 9.50pm 45.35N. Employed serving harbour Gun. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore Top Gallant sail. Sick List 5. At daylight 5 Strangers in sight. Lat 46.17N Long 15.36W.

Tuesday June 15th.
C&D E26N127. Moderate breeze decreasing & fine weather. Lat’d Pole Star 10pm 46.46N. AM Washed the Gun deck –otherwise as necessary. Lat 47.12N Long 13.1W.

[Page 183:]
Warren Hastings from St Helena

Wednesday June 14th 1826.
C&D E25N62. Light airs from the westward & mostly cloudy weather. AM Set up the Fore & Mizen Top mast & Top Gallant rigging. Sick List 5. Bent the Bower cables. Lat 47.37N Long 11.35W.

Thursday June 15th.
C&D E34N105. Light variable airs increasing to a moderate breeze with hazy overcast weather throughout. Unstowed the Bower anchor. Bent the Sheet cable & unstowed the anchor. Sick List 5. Lat 48.30N Long 9.35W.

[Page 184:]
Towards England

Friday June 16th 1826.
C&D N80E139. Moderate from the north with thick hazy weather in the first part, latter a fresh breeze ENE & fair. Washed clothes as necessary. Lat’d at 11.30pm Pole Star 49.8N. Sick 6. Lat 48.49N Long 6.12W.

Saturday June 17th 1826
C&D ---- Variable NE winds & hazy weather in the first part, middle & latter fair. At 7.30pm saw the Island of Ushant bearing (from the mast head) SE dist. 4 or 5 leagues. Cleaned the Gun deck & as necessary. Sick List 5. Several Strangers in sight. Lat 49.00N Long 6.42W.

[Page 185:]
Warren Hastings off the Start [Point, Devon]

Sunday 18th June 1826.
C&D ---- Variable wins from north to NWbW, fine weather. AM Performed divine service. This weeks expenditure 1039. Water on board 7137 galls. At 6.30am saw land about the Bolt Head bearing NEbE. At noon Bolt Head N58E, Tail N40E, Penlee Point N8W, Start N80E. At 9.30 took Mr Davis, a lower Pilot, on board – Sick 3. Lat 50.5N Long 3.50W.

Monday 19th June 1826.
C&D ---- Variable wind from the north & fine weather. At 4pmThe Start N79W, Berry Head North. 8pm Bill of Portland EbN, Sidmouth NW. 10pm Portland Lights in one. 2am Saw the needles EbN. Sunrise St Aldane Head N24W, Peverel Point N8E, Needles Point N69E. Noon Culver Cliff N7E, Dunnose N11W, St Catherines Point N31W. At 4.30am Sent Mr Thompson on shore with the dispatches. Sick List 3. Lat 50.23N Long 00.55W.

[Page 186:]
Warren Hastings off Shoreham

Tuesday 20th June 1826.
C&D ---- light variable winds & fine weather. At 5pm The Ower Light ---- East. 9.30pm The Ower WNbN, 12 The Ower NWbW. Daylight land not in sight. Employed as necessary & starting Water. At noon Beachy Head EbN, Shoreham Gap N11E. Sick 3. Lat 50.31N Long 00.6W.

Wednesday 21st June.
C&D ---- First part light variable winds middle & latter parts fresh from NE & fine weather. At 3pm Brighton N23W, Beachy Head East – At midnight Beachy Head NW – At sunset Beachy Head E18S, Newhaven Pier E37N, At 8am Beachy Head North, High land of Farleigh N39E. At noon Beachy Head NW6N, High land of Farleigh N25E. Sick 4. Lat 50.34N Long 00.40E.

[Page 187:]
Thursday June 22nd 1826.
Fresh breeze from the east & cloudy weather. At 6pm High Land of Fairleigh N15E, Beachy Head N57W. At 8pm Wind Mill on Farleigh N29E, 10.30 Dungeness Light NNE, At 12.00 Dungeness Light NEbN, 4am Dover Castle E45N, Dungeness Light House NE. Noon Dungeness Light House N5E, Dover N54E.

[There is no Page 188 or 189.]

[Page 190:]

Friday June 23rd 1826.
C&D ---- A fresh breeze EbN. At 4pm South Foreland N6--, Folkestone Church N43--, Dover Castle N54--, Dungeness Light House W----, At 5.30pm Tide very --- anchored. [part damaged & illegible page – Warren Hastings anchors under Dover Castle in 13 fms and ---] At 1pm Weighed and worked upwards with a fresh breeze a ENE. At2pm anchored in the Downs in 9.5fms. Upper Deal Mill WbS, Upper South Foreland Light & Gull Light Vessel NEbE.
N.B. This log has 36 hours ending at midnight to commence Harbour log.

[Start of Harbour Journal]

Saturday June 24th
Variable moderate breeze from NE to ENE with alternately hazy & fine weather in the morning. Flood [tide] falling too early remained at anchor. Employed in necessary jobs. AM An Officer of the Customs boarded & searched the Ship. Issued certificate of the sick. Sealed the Guns. At 1pm weighed & made sail & ---- up through the Gull Stream. At 3.30pm rounded the North Foreland. At 7pm anchored in Pansan Hole the Panpatch Buoy N50W the Wedge buoy S39 and Culvers S43W in 7.5 fms. Pumped Ship at 5 inches.

Sunday 25th June.
Variable light winds from the N & E & mostly fine weather. At 2am it being half flood weighed & made sail upwards. At 4am crossed over the Flats least Water 4fms. At noon hove too off Gravesend. Received on board Mr Ross, Pilot who took charge. Made sail for Blackwall. At 4pm arrived up & made fast to the Beschermer Hulk. Discharged the Ships Company. Capt’n Rawes left the ship. Unbent a few light sails & pumped Ship at 4.5 inches. Ships draft of Water Fwd 21ft 11 inches. Aft 21ft.

[Page 191:]

Monday June 26th 1826.
...... winds & fine weather throughout, began stripping Ship, delivered all the sails & powder – anchors – cables – boats & most part of the Gunners & ---- Stores. Officers on duty 1, 3rd& 5th.

Tuesday 27th June.
Usual winds & very hot weather in the first & middle parts, latter thunder & lightning & much rain. At 4am Draft of Water - Fwd 21ft 3in, Aft 21ft 1in. Reported the Ship ready for docking, cats off & hauled out from the Hulk when the Deputy Dock Master ordered the Pilot to secure the Ship again, there not being Water sufficient at the Gates crown. Yards & top masts & getting out the yards spars – Pumped Ship at 6 inches. Officers on duty 1st & 3rd.

Wednesday 28th June.
Variable light winds & sultry weather without rain. Employed getting out the Guns, stripping & clearing the Ship – Officers as per last.

Thursday 29th June.
Wind 7 weather as per last. Employed as yesterday & launched the topman[?] overboard. Pumped Ship at 5in. Officers on duty 1st & 3rd.

Friday 30th June.
Usual wind & weather. Scrubbed & cleaned the Upper & Gun decks & delivered last remaining stores, Officers as per last. AM Pumped Ship 8in. PM Draft of Water Aft 10ft 10in, Fwd 19ft 11in.

Saturday July 1st.
Light winds from the south & west & rather cloudy – Some Hands employed cleaning the Ship. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Sunday July 2nd.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Painting starboard outside. Officers as per last.

Monday July 3rd.
Light winds & hot weather. AM Reported to the Dock Master the Ships Draft of Water being Fwd 19ft 10in. At 10am Mr Ross, Pilot cast the Ship from the Hulk & at noon hauled into the Basin & at 1.30pm into the Import Dock & made fast ready for delivery. Officers in attendance 1st 2nd & 3rd. Pumped Ship.

Tuesday July 4th.
Light winds 7 fine weather, AM Commenced delivering Teas from the After Orlop on acc’t of the Hon. Company. Officers on board 1st 2nd & 3rd.

Wednesday July 5th.
Light winds & sultry weather. Employed delivering Hon. Coy’s Teas & Private Trade & baggage. Officers on board 2nd & 3rd.

[Page 192:]

Thursday July 6th.
Usual winds & weather. Delivering Teas on acc’t of the Hon Coy from the Fore Orlop. Officers on duty 1st & 3rd. Pumped Ship at 8in.

Friday 7th July.
Wind as before with very hot siltry weather. Delivered Wine on the acc’t of the Owners & Capt’n Rawes otherwise delivering Hon Coys Teas from the Fore Orlop. Officers as per last.

Saturday July 8th.
Light SW winds & cloudy. AM Capt’n Wilton came on board to inspect a little dampness & wet that appeared in midship between the B--- in the Fore Orlop found it had drained from the fore Pump cistern. At noon the Orlop deck cleared of Teas. Opened the main hold & delivered Cargo there from . Officers on duty 1st & 3rd.

Sunday 9th July.
Usual winds & weather. Nothing done in the Dock this day.

Monday 10th July.
SW winds & rather cloudy weather – delivering Hon Coys Cargo from the main Hold. At noon Capt’n Rawes visited the Ship. Officers in attendance 1st & 3rd.Pumped Ship 8in.

Tuesday July 11th.
Fresh winds at SW & mostly fine weather. AM opened the Fore Hold. Employed delivering as yesterday from thence. Officers as per last.

Wednesday July 12th.
Wind as yesterday & cloudy with light rain at times. Delivering Hon Coys Cargo from the Fore Hold. Officers as per last.

Thursday July 13th.
Winds & weather as yesterday. Opened & delivered from the After hold Non Coys Teas & Private Trade on acc’t of Capt’n Rawes & Officers. Officers on duty 1st & 3rd. Pumped Ship at 8in.

Friday July 14th.
Fresh winds & fine weather. This day delivered mostly Private Trade on acc’t of Capt’n Rawes & Officers. Officers in attendance 1st & 4th.

Saturday July 15th.
Fresh winds & cloudy with rain at times. Employed delivering from the After Hold. PM Pumped Ship. Officers as per last.

Sunday 16th July.
Westerly winds & rain in the first part latterly light & fair. No admittance to the Docks this day.

[Page 193:]
Monday 17th July.
[part illegible] ---s & force --- throughout employed delivering ---- the Officers in attendance 1st & 3rd.

Tuesday July 18th.
Light winds & cloudy. Employed delivering Teas on acc’t of on Coy. Officers on board 2nd & 3rd.

Wednesday July 19th.
Northerly winds & cloudy throughout. Employed as yesterday. Officers on board 2nd & 3rd.

Thursday July 20th.
Westerly winds & cloudy with rain latterly. – Employed delivering Teas on acc’t of Hon Coy from the Main Hold. Pumped Ship at 8in. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Saturday July 22nd.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed delivering the last of the Teas. At noon the whole of the Cargo discharged. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Sunday July 23rd.
Westerly winds & heavy rains in the first part latterly fine. No admittance in the Docks.

Monday July 24th.
Light winds & fine weather throughout. AM the Ship hauled into the Outward & commenced delivering the Shingle Bales, Officers on duty 1st & 3rd.

Tuesday July 25th.
Wind as per last. AM delivered the last of the Ballast. At 2pm the Revenue Officers came on board surveyed & reported the Ship cleared of the Customs. At noon Capt’n Rawes visited the Ship. Officers attending on duty 1st & 3rd.

This is the continuation of my original Journal. R.Rawes [signed] Commander. Witness Moose. Stamp of India House Records

[End]


The Ledger & Pay Book for this voyage has not been transcribed.


APPENDIX 1

Notes and Glossary

  1. Called to Quarters - in this context means called to action stations.
  2. Country Ships - Honourable East India Company's ships that plied between ports in the Eastern seas.
  3. ODNB - Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
  4. Editor's notes in square brackets.
  5. Extra ships - ships built in India and hired by the HEICS for a particular voyage. These were often made from better materials than those made in Britain and were considered to be longer lasting (The East Indiamen by Russell Miller).
  6. Hull Down - so far away the hull is out of sight below the horizon.
  7. Letters of Marque - A Government licence given to the owners of private ships during the time of war, commissioning them to attack and seize the ships or property of the enemy.
  8. NI = Native Infantry.
  9. The Ship's Log contains the Sea Log where entries are from noon the day before to noon on the date of entry. The Harbour Journal contains the normal 24 hours from midnight. It also seems that hour by hour events are put on the left side of the Journal form as they happen and then the Captain sits down after midday to write up the highlights of the previous 24 hours on the right side.


APPENDIX 2

Glossary of Abbreviations and Terms
Abbreviations in the log have been expanded where possible.

Please see the Wikipedia Glossary of nautical terms for additional information.

Cable's length (distance): tenth of a nautical mile (approx 101 fathoms).
1 Fathom: 6 Feet (1.8 metres).
1 league: 3 statute miles (4.828032 km) on land or 3 Nautical miles = 3.45 land miles, (5.556 km at sea). On land it was the distance one could walk in about an hour.
Nautical miles: 1.151 miles approx. The nautical mile is based on the circumference of the Earth and is equal to one minute of latitude.


Arrack: distilled alcoholic drink made from the sap of coconut flowers.
Bales: of cloth.
Bankshall: is a warehouse in the East Indies.
Bar: of sand etc., across river mouth.
Bateing: Lowering, letting down, depressing.
Beating: sailing as close as possible towards the wind (perhaps only about 60°) in a zig-zag course to attain an upwind direction to which it is impossible to sail directly; also known as tacking.
Bend, bent: to tie or attach.
Billet wood: wood for living quarters.
Bobstay: a stay which holds the bowsprit downwards, counteracting the effect of the forestay. Usually made of wire or chain to eliminate stretch.
Bowsprit Shrouds: ropes extending from the head of the Bowsprit to the bow & sides of the vessel.
Bumkin: sometimes Bumpkin - an iron bar or spar projecting from the ship’s side.
Butter nut: probably butternut squash for drinking.
C&D: course & distance.
Can/Cann: Indian hemp.
Careened: cleaning the underside of the ship of barnacles etc.
Carronade: a short smoothbore, cast iron cannon, which was used by the Royal Navy and first produced by the Carron Company in the 1770s.
Catharpining: short ropes or iron clamps used to brace in the shrouds toward the masts.
Cathead:  To prepare an anchor, after raising it by lifting it with a tackle to the cat head, prior to securing it alongside for sea. An anchor raised to the cat head is said to be catted.
Caulk: sealing crevices in deck etc.
Caulker: a filler and sealer.
Chaldron: bushels = 8 gallons.
Chist: a bag or chest containing items belonging to a sailer.
Chops: [of tea] sealed boxes.
Chow chow chop: last boat with small & personal items.
Cleat (Clete): a T shaped piece of metal or wood to which ropes are attached..
Cockets: Seals belonging to the King’s Custom House or a sealed document with certificates showing that duty had been paid on the merchandise.
Coiar [coir]: A rope made from the fibre of the Coconut in Malaysia.
Congo: "chops of congo tea" were loaded onto East Indiamen at Whampoa, China for export to England.
Conn: Position for directing a ships steerage, helm etc. (Hence modern: Conning-tower on a submarine).
Cordage: rope.
Courses down: all sails attached to lowest yards.
Crossjack: a square yard used to spread the foot of a topsail where no course is set, e.g. on the foremast of a topsail or above the driver on the mizzen mast of a ship rigged vessel.
Cuddy: a small cabin in a boat.
Cutter: small boat fitted for rowing or sailing.
D'ft: draft, depth of boat or ship.
Dawk boat: An old postal system used in Pakistan.
Dials: sense not known.
Disrate: to reduce in rank or rating; demote.
Divisions: Parade of Ships Crew.
Dolphin striker: a short near vertical spar under the bowsprit.
Dunnage: packing to protect cargo.
F'ms: fathoms.
False Fire: Used for signalling at sea at night. A composition which burned with a blue flame was packed into a wooden tube and when ignited would burn for several minutes.
Fidded: small wooden bar attached to a small mast in the upper rigging.
Fish pieces: to repair a mast or spar with a fillet of wood.
Flints: hard stone.
Fluted the fore rigging: Meaning not sure, perhaps a form of tying and folding the rigging.
F'ded: folded.
F'wd: forward, front of ship.
Frapping: to frap, the use of rope to bind.
Gaff: repair a mast or spar with a fillet of wood.
Gall't: gallant, a top sail.
Gammoned: the lashing of ropes.
Gang cask: a gang is a narrow platform on a deep-waisted ship leading from the quarter-deck to the forecastle. Presumably these casks were set on this gang.
Giggar: see Jigger.
Grapnals: A small anchor with several flukes.
Gunwale: Gun Whale - upper edge of side of ship.
Gig: Captain's gig: A light narrow ship’s boat generally rowed, at the disposal of the ship's captain for his use in transportation to other ships or to the shore.
Gunter: The gunter is defined as a wire that leads from one point near the end of a gaff to a point near the other end. A vessel with a gunter rigged mainsail is called a gunter rig.
Halse/Hawse: the shaft or hole in the side of a vessel's bow through which the anchor chain passes.
H C'ys: Honourable Company.
Hoppo: Chinese Customhouse Officers - overseers.
Hoy: a type of wherry, barge, bark, lighter, under the general description of river craft, used for transporting cargo to and from ship etc.
Hull down: ship almost beyond the horizon, only showing the sails.
Inclinable: favourable.
Jiggermast & sails: a jiggermast is a fourth mast set at the stern of the ship and carrying triangular sails.
Jolly boat: a type of small ship's boat used to ferry personnel & small items to & from the ship.
Junk: old ropes, cables, oakum etc.
Jury: a temporary sail or mast, often used in an emergency.
Kedge: anchor used for warping.
Kentledge: pig-iron etc. used for ballast - "so as to avoid tilts and shifts".
Launch: shallow draft boat.
Lazeretto: a small stowage locker at the aft end of a boat, sometimes used as a quarantine.
Leadsman: A sailor who takes soundings with a lead.
Letters of Marque: A Government licence given to the owners of private ships during the time of war, commissioning them to attack and seize the ships or property of the enemy.
Lights: lightning.
Lighters: Flat bottomed boats used for transporting cargo to a wharf, see under 'Hoy'.
Limber: detachable gun carriage.
Lumber: labourer for unloading cargo.
Martingale: lower stay of rope used to sustain strain of the forestays.
Mats, Matts: a thick web of rope yarn used to protect the standing rigging from the friction of other ropes.
Mechanics: Tradesmen .
Messenger: An endless rope or chain passing from the capstan to the cable to haul it in.
Miz: mizzen; the third and smallest mast.
Mizzling: thick mist or fine rain.
Muller: used for grinding paint colours.
Mungeet: The Bengal Madder or Munjeet, a plant whose roots are used for dying.
Nipper: short rope used to bind a cable to the moving line propelled by the capstan.
Oakum: used for sealing crevices in deck etc.
Offing: a position at a distance from shore.
Owers Light: off Selsley Bill.
Paddy: Rice with the husk or in the Straw.
Paying: filling a seam with caulking or pitch.
Pendante: A length of wire or rope secured at one end to a mast or spar and having a block or other fitting at the lower end.
People: Captain Rawes describes his crew as 'people'.
Puddening: Fibres of old rope packed between spars, or used as fender.
Quoins: Tapered blocks, probably used to prevent guns and barrels from moving.
Rattan: Tough stems of palms used for wickerwork, canes, sticks etc.
Rattling: working on rigging etc.
Roads: The term Roads (short for roadstead) indicates the safety of a port; as applied to a body of water, it is a partly sheltered area of water near a shore in which vessels may ride at anchor".
Reg'g: replacing.
Reeving: threading a line through blocks (& tackle).
Rep'r: repairing.
Requisite: required by circumstances.
Rouse: haul by force.
Rowed/row/road guard: communicating by flag.
Salt petre, beating of: meaning not known.
Scuttle: a small opening, or lid thereof, in a ship's deck or hull.
Serang: a native captain of a crew of sailors in the East Indies.
Shift: change or alter.
Shockbury: Shoeburyness.
S'l/Sig'l: signal.
Sinnet & Spun yarn: to do with rope making.
Skysails: A sail set very high, above the royals. Only carried by a few ships.
Spanker: A full-rigged ship has a spanker sail aft but not a spanker-mast.
Spoke: an action - not sure of context in this case.
Spring, sprung: split or cracked.
Spritsail: is a four sided sail usually laced on to the mast along its luff. It can range from almost square to having a pronounced peak. It may or may not have a boom, but it will always have a sprit. A sprit is a spar which supports the peak of the sail.
Standing: the fixed part of rigging that support the masts.
Stayed: secure with stays.
Steerage: Section of a ship for inexpensive accommodation with no individual cabins.
Stilt: Not known in this sense.
Stream 'anchor': A light anchor for use with a bower in narrow waterways.
Studding Gear / Sails: Long and narrow sails, used only in fine weather, on the outside of the large square sails.
Sun: Sunn-hemp – Indian Hemp.
Sway: to move or hoist.
Swayed: moved.
Swifters: a pair of shrouds fixed above the other shrouds for swifting or stiffening a mast.
Syrang: An official in India, someone in charge of a harbour craft.
Tierces: casks or crates.
Tindal: a petty officer among lascars, or native East Indian sailors; a boatswain's mate; .
Trimming: preparation for sailing.
Trestle-tree: two pieces of timber, horizontally fore & aft on opposite sides of the mast-head to support the cross-trees & mast above.
Trussel: a furled sail.
Turned: the action, in this case, of punishment such as being tied to the mast.
Twanky Tea: an inferior grade of green tea.
Trow: a small river sailing craft, much used on the river Severn.
Twined: the act of tying a man of object to the mast.
Unbent: detached.
V'ble: variable.
Warping: moving ship from one place to another.
Waist: the central deck of a ship between the forecastle and the quarterdeck.
Waist anchors: spare anchors for use in emergency.
W'r: weather.
Weigh: raise anchor before sailing.
Whiskers: spreaders from the bows to spread the bowsprit.
Wore ship: is a past tense form of "wear ship": to turn away from the wind.
Yawl: A rowboat on davits at the stern of the ship.


APPENDIX 3

Bibliography:

  • Barnettmaritime Internet Site on the explanation and history of the HEICS www.barnettmaritime.co.uk.
  • Contemporary Newspaper and Journals.
  • Miller, Russell: "The East Indiamen" publ. Time-Life Books 1980.
  • Cotton, E: "East Indiamen - The East India Company's Maritime Service" London 1949.
  • East India Company Archive - British Library. Ref: L/MAR/B/217C. Journal and Log of the H.E.I.C. Ship Huddart 10 March 1806 to 6 October 1807.
  • Eicships.threedecks for information concerning types of ships in the HEICS see: www.eicships.threedecks.org.
  • Farrington, A: "Catalogue of The East India Ship's Journals and Logs. 1600 - 1834". British Library 1999.
  • Farrington, A: "A Biographical Index of East India Company Maritime Officers 1600 - 1834". British Library. 1999.
  • Fay, Peter Ward "The Opium War, 1840-1842". First published 1975.
  • Gosse, P: "St. Helena 1502 - 1938" Oswestry 1990. First published London 1938.
  • Hardy, C: "Register of Ships - The East India Company 1760 - 1810" London 1811.
  • Horsburgh, John Directions for sailing to and from the East Indies, China, New Holland and the Cape of Good Hope". Published 1811.
  • Keay, J. "The Honourable Company - A History of the English East India Company". London 1991.
  • Lavery, Brian: "The Ship of the Line 1650-1850" 2 Vols. Published Conway Maritime Press 1983.
  • Macgregor, David: "Index of Merchant Sailing Ships, 1775-1815" Navel Institute Press 2001. First published London 1985.
  • Parkinson, C Northcote: "Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813" Cambridge UP 1937.
  • Pbenyon Internet Site dedicated to information on HMS ships of the period: www.pbenyon.plus.com.
  • East_Indiamen: www.wow.


APPENDIX 4

Captain Rawes

Richard Rawes, was born 2nd July, probably at the Rawes Academy, and baptised Bromley, Kent 28th July 1787. He was the second son of Richard and Mary Rawes of Bromley. His father ran the Rawes Academy in Bromley High Street, and it was almost certainly here that Richard was educated. He served in the HEICS from 1801 to 1831. His last voyage was in 1825/6. He is recorded as working at India House from 1829 till 1831 as Deputy Attendant in the Department of Clerk to the Committee of Shipping & paymaster of Seaman’s wages. At India House his superior was Captain John Valentine Baker, himself an experienced HEICS Officer, born in Bristol in 1774, his one recorded Command was on the Fame (3) in 1801 & 1803.

There is a reference to Captain Rawes in Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813 by Northcote & Parkinson, publ. Cambridge UP 1937, that gives an interesting, although not very attractive, aspect to the character of Richard Rawes:-

In most Indiamen a flogging was a rare event, inflicted for mutinous behaviour or attempted desertion. A dozen lashes at the gangway might be the maximum punishment with men like Captain Larkins or Captain Grant in command. A certain Captain Rawes, however was said to give two dozen as a minimum.
It has been noted during the transcription of these journals that heavy punishment for theft, insolence, drunkenness, disobeying orders etc., was by no means a rare event. Owing to the characters on board, the confined living conditions and the lengthy journeys, strict discipline had to be kept at all times. Whether this supports Captain Rawes is for the reader to judge.

Richard married at St. Michael & All Angels, Houghton-le-Spring 11 October 1813, Harriet, the daughter of Joseph & Elizabeth Cantwell. They subsequently had two children, Richard Joseph, baptised Bromley 5th April 1815, and Harriet Mary, baptised Bromley 1st June 1825. Both of their children died within a few months of their births. His wife died in 1828 aged 38. There is a touching letter to his cousin the Rev. John Hodgson, dated 2nd July 1829, which gives an indication of his grief over the loss of his wife. He died in 1831, being buried in Bromley churchyard 27th October 1831, aged 44. Wall memorials to him and his family were in Bromley church but the church was destroyed in WW2.

Richard became a midshipman in 1801 when he sailed on the HSC Northampton under Captain Robert Barker to Bombay and Bengal. The Northampton's principal owners were Moses Agar, John Crosthwaite and George Palmer. His voyages are recorded by Farrington:- Rawes, Richard (1784)sic., b 2 Jul & bap 28 Jul 1784sic, Bromley, Kent, so of Richard & Mary, midshipman NORTHAMPTON (2) 1801 to Bengal; 4th mate NORTHAMPTON (2) 1802/3 to Bengal; 3rd mate NORTHAMPTON (2) 1804/5 to Bengal; 2nd mate NORTHAMPTON (2) 1806/7 to Bengal; 1st mate LORD KEITH 1809/10 to Bengal; Capt. JULIANA 1811/2 to Batavia; Capt. WARREN HASTINGS (5) 1814/5, 1818/9, 1822/23 & 1824/5 to China.

There is a record of a ship called Northampton (3 under Farrington), that sailed to Australia in 1816 with 110 female convicts on board. See Wikipedia. Wikipedia however assumes, probably rightly, that Northampton 2 & 3 are one and the same ship.

Plants from China
Although Captain Rawes' main cargo would have been tea, he was also involved in bringing new varieties of plants back to England, notably Camellias, for his sister Elizabeth Palmer and brother-in-law Thomas Carey Palmer. The Palmers were plant collectors and lived at The Oakery, a large house near Bromley, Kent and within a short distance from the Rawes Academy, the home of Richard’s father and brother. In 1820 Captain Rawes was responsible for introducing the 'Camellia Reticulata' from Canton into England. The plant was subsequently named ‘Captain Rawes’ in his honour. He is also accredited to bringing in the plant 'primula Sinensis'.


Camellia Reticulata 'Captain Rawes'


Primula Sinensis


APPENDIX 5

Purser Rawes

It is to be noted that the Richard Rawes, Ships’ Purser was Captain Rawes’ friend, cousin and namesake. He was born 11th Sep 1785 and baptised at Shap, Westmorland 13 Sep. He served as Purser on the Juliana in 1811/2 to Batavia; on the Wexford 1813/4 & 1815/6; on the Warren Hastings 1818/9 to China; on the Vansittart 1820/1 & 1822/3 1824/5, 1826/7 to China. He lived at Newington, Surrey in 1819 and Stratford Grove, Essex in 1840. He died 15th Feb 1848 aged 60. Richard firstly married at Poultney with St Mary, Colechurch, Surrey 10th Mar 1814 to Mary Ann Poynter and had William Wilson in 1816 and Mary Ann in 1819. He secondly married circa 1828 Ann Bailey, a widow and had Ann in 1828 and Richard Edward in 1831/2. A memorial to this Richard was once to be found in the Parish church at Kendal.

Mary Ann Rawes married in Lambeth 9th September 1856 to George Goldsmith, Supar Intendant of Chatham Dockyard. He was the son of John Goldsmith, Purser in the HEICS and later made an Admiral. William Wilson Rawes served in the Indian Army and became Deputy Inspector General for Hospitals in the Madras Establishment.

The Morning Post (London, England), Saturday, May 13, 1826; Issue 17285. 19th Century British Library Newspapers: Part II. Purser Richard Rawes, arriving on the ship Vansittart.

Richard Rawes inherited Captain Rawes' portrait, a copy of which is to be seen above. The portrait is described as 'Cousin Richard Rawes', although the descendants of Richard Edward Rawes had incorrectly believed that they were descended from Captain Richard Rawes as opposed to Purser Richard Rawes.


APPENDIX 6

Rawes Pedigree

                            William = Isabel
                              Rawes | Wilson
                     Farmer in Shap,|
                        Westmorland |
              -----------------------------------------
              |                                       |
           Richard                             William Wilson
         (Rawes Academy)                       Farmer in Shap
         in Bromley, Kent                      = Esther Hudson 
         = Mary Thompson                       |
         |                                     |
   -----------------------        -----------------------
   |         |           |        |          |          |
Elizabeth  Robert     Richard   Robert    William    Richard = Mary Ann  
= Thomas   Booth      Captain   (Slate    (Officer   Ships   | Poynter
  Carey    (Rawes     HEICS     Quarrier  of Excise) Purser  |
  Palmer   Academy)   1787-1831                      HEICS   |
                                                   1785-1848 |
                                                             |
                                        -------------------------
                                        |                       |
                                     Mary Ann                William
                                     = Admiral George        Wilson
                                       Goldsmith RN          1816-1887
                                       son of John Goldsmith Deputy Insp.
                                       HEICS ship's Purser   General of
                                                             Hospitals
                                                             HEICS Madras
                                                             Establishment


APPENDIX 7

WARREN HASTINGS HIT BY A STORM AND TYPHOON

Storm off Cape Town
On Monday 1st August 1825, while in the South Atlantic at Lat 38.24S Long 55.41E, the Warren Hastings was severely damaged in a Storm.

Monday August 1st: Fresh gale with hard squalls increasing at midnight to a hard gale with very violent & long continued gusts with rain. At half past 7am a sudden shift to the SSW 7 much more moderate, cloudy weather. A very heavy sea. Ship rolling deep.

Tuesday August 2nd: Moderate breezes in the first & latter parts ---- in the middle mostly fine weather. Sick List 5 men. Employed as necessary. Carpenter & Caulker caulking in the bow ports & overhauling the butts on the top sides. Sailmaker on the 3rd Main Top sail.

Wednesday August 3rd: Moderate breeze increasing in the latter parts – cloudy weather. Discovered that the Beam in the after part of the main hatchway in the hold to be considerably sunk & the stanchions in the Orlop Deal immediately above it & this one abaft to be out of their mortices & fallen. I immediately went below with the Officers & Carpenter & inspected it when we found sunk about 1½ ins amidships, considerably more in the Quarters & the ends apparently sprung, having fallen from the knees at the end bolts. – Immediately set the Carpenter & his crew to work to secure it with shores in the best manner we thought practicable for the present. Cast loose the booms and got out a Teak Jib Boom for the purpose.

People employed clearing the upper part of the main hold for the Carpenter – sent down the Jib Boom & secured it athwart the hold, below the sprung beam & fixed shores as a temporary support to it.

Thursday August 4th: Increasing in the first part to a fresh gale with very violent gusts – latterly more moderate – a high sea running. Carpenter employed in the hold fixing the shores more securely & adding others in the best way practicable & cleating the Heads of the stanchions in the Orlop deck.

Upon inspecting the injury sustained & upon questioning the Carpenter on the subject it is my opinion that it would be highly improper to trust to any partial repair we can effect at sea. I therefore deemed it my duty to call a consultation of my Officers as to the propriety of deviating from the prescribed route for the purpose of getting the Damage effectively reprised & after pointing out to them my reasons for supposing it would be necessary to do so (for which see the minutes taken on the occasion) I received their opinions in writing, which unanimously coincided with my own – it was decided we should proceed to Penang where we could procure assistance & materials & ascertain the extent of the Injury.

The erratic course the Warren Hastings took in the storm.

It is clear that she was difficult to manage as she limped towards Penang. While attempting to enter Penang there was an incident with the ship Windsor:-

Saturday continued: At 2pm The Island of Point Penang a head dist.10 or 12 leagues. At 4.40pm Point Bounting N74E. Extreme of Queda from N80E to S83E. At 5.40pm Point Bounting N61E. Point Penang SEbS. At midnight upon nearing the shipping it fell suddenly calm & the tide running strong the Ship became unmanageable in her steerage & came in contact with Hon’ble Comp’ys Ship Windsor & carried away our Flying Jib boom – Fore Top Gallant mast & Larboard Whisker, swung clear of her & anchored in 14 fms.

The ship was patched up and continued on her journey to Whampoa, China, when she was hit a Typhoon at Lat 5.55N Long 99.34E. Typhoon off China

Thursday October 20th: Fresh southerly gale in the first part middle & latter increasing & veering to the SE with very high cross sea running which makes us roll deep.

Friday October 21st: First part a brisk gale from the SE & cloudy weather. At 1.30pm it increased suddenly to a strong typhoon which fortunately moderated a little at 6am – but still continued blowing a heavy gale throughout – with rain & very thick weather – a tremendous high sea running. In the storm our Top sail sheets went, split Fore & Main which immediately blew all to atoms, the loss of sail caused the Ship to roll very heavy & in a deep lurch carried away our Main Top mast – Cut away the wreck to save the Main mast. Kept the pumps going.

The erratic course the Warren Hastings took in the typhoon.


The End