THE HONOURABLE EAST INDIA COMPANY SERVICE

This is the Journal of the Honourable East India Company Ship, the Lord Keith on her voyage to Calcutta 1810-1811. Commanded by Captain Peter Campbell with Richard Rawes as 1st Mate.


EXTRACTS

THE JOURNAL AND SHIP'S LOG

OF THE HON. COMPANY'S SHIP

LORD KEITH

(EAST INDIA DOCKS, BLACKWALL, LONDON, ENGLAND)

Written by the Commander, Captain Peter Campbell,

Voyage to Calcutta,

29 January 1810 - 28 October 1811

(British Library Ref: L / MAR / B / 187D.)

Extracted by
Bryant G. Bayliffe & Julian A. Rawes
December 2014


CONTENTS


The HEICS


East India House, Leadenhall Street, London, 1796-1861
from Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813.

The Library of the Honourable East India Company Service is housed in the British Library in Euston, London. The HEICS library contains many thousands of records including hundreds of ships’ journals, logs, ledgers & pay books. They are contained in large ledgers, the journals & logs in one tome with the ledgers and pay books in separate books. A catalogue of these records was published in 1999 by the British Library, titled ‘Catalogue of East India Company Ships’ Journals and Logs 1600-1834’ and edited by Anthony Farrington. Most of these records have not been microfilmed. If a copy is required then a microfilm copy is made at the expense of the purchaser to whom a photostat or CD is given. A useful site for the explanation on the HEICS library is: www.barnettmaritime.co.uk/mainheic.htm">barnettmaritime.co.uk.

HEICS ships would leave from and return to London using a number of stopping points both in the Thames estuary and the south coast. Passengers would more than likely embark and disembark at these stopping points.


Map of the Thames estuary indicating some of the navigational points mentioned in the journals.

Until the opening of the East India Docks at Blackwall in 1806, Company ships moored on the tidal river alongside the Royal shipyards at Deptford. Deptford was the anchorage at the start of the Port of London. The ships moored alongside lines of moorings called tiers and all goods were offloaded on to lighters, hoys or barges and carried by them to wharves on shore or further up river.

Deptford from the South London Guide


1806 - the new East India docks at Blackwall
from Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813.


Circa 1830 - East India docks at Blackwall
from WWW.British-History.ac.uk.


Every attempt has been made to produce a faithful 'abridged' copy of the Journal and Log Book. A glossary along with explanatory notes has been added to help the reader to understand the transcript along with information of other ships and people noted in the Journal. It is realised that errors are possible owing to the difficulty of transcription. The Editor's notes can be found throughout set within square brackets.


Journals and Log Books.

A journal & log is a fascinating record of day-to-day events on board ship such as location, weather, repairs, washing decks, including the gun deck where the crew slept, discipline, loading and unloading, embarking and disembarking and external events. The ledger records everyone on board, their positions and status whether or not they left ship or perished, including passengers. There is also a distinction between the 'Harbour Journal' and the 'Sea Log'. The ledger starts as large blank pages given to the Commander or Purser at the commencement of each voyage. The journal and log is dutifully created by the Commander or assigned officer and the resulting ledger, signed by the Commander is handed in at the end of the voyage. It was the duty of the ship's Purser to deposit the ship's journals etc. at East India House.

Duplicate logs written on HEICS forms survive as in the case of the Warren Hastings in 1825-6 and the Repulse in 1831-32. These have the appearance of being soiled and original as opposed to the rather clean copies handed in to India House. It is not known how many of these copies were kept on a particular voyage or are still extant but their survival must be rare. The keeping of copy journals by midshipmen and junior officers was probably encouraged for training purposes. On a rare occasion such as with the 1822/3 voyage of the ship 'London' to Madras and China, the Captains, the 3rd mate's, a midshipman's and another journal was lodged at India House.


Example of a page from this Journal.
Monday 4th April 1831.


Lord Keith

Described as a brig in a newspaper article in 1810, she was built by Mestaer and launched in 1804. Farrington describes the ship in detail: 3 decks, 4in bottom, length 132ft 2in, keel 107ft 4in, breadth 32ft 5in, hold 13ft, wing transom 21ft,7½in, port cell 28ft 11in, waist 11in, between decks 5ft 11in, roundhouse 6ft 2in, ports 10 upper, 599 tons. Principal Managing Owners: 1-2 Peter Everett Mestaer, (Peter Everett Mestaer died of a stroke in 1819.), 3-8 Robert Morris.

Her first recorded voyage was to Madras and Bengal in 1803/4, under Captain Patrick Ramage. It is noted that on her second voyage there was a 'skirmish' with a French ship on 9 Nov 1807. Her captain, Patrick Ramage, had died during the voyage and the Journal and Ledger was written up by John Mayne, Chief Mate and William Knowles, Second Mate. There were another six voyages to India commanded by Captains Peter Campbell and John Freeman.

Patrick Ramage was born Kirkliston, Edinburgh 20 Jun 1767; apprentice to St Petersburg and Virginia 4y; mate to Mediterranean & St Petersburg 3y; 6th mate Belvedere 1789/90; 5th mate General Goddard 1791/2; 4th mate Earl Cornwallis 1792/3; 2nd mate Henry Addington (1) 1795/6; 2nd mate Woodcot (1) 1798/9; 1st mate Nottingham (4) 1800/1; Capt. Lord Keith 1803/4 & 1805/6; died Sumatra 11 April 1807 while Commanding the Lord Keith. He was married at Kirkliston 12th May 1798 to Elizabeth Heeming.

John Mayne was born 28 Jan. & bapt at Holy Trinity, Exeter 1 Oct 1777, son of Samuel & Mary ; seaman to West Indies 1y; 6th mate Essex (4) 1793/4; 5th mate Essex (4) 1795/6; 3rd mate Melville Castle 1797/8; 3rd mate Coutts 1799/1800; 2nd mate Lord Eldon 1801/2; 1st mate Monarch 1803/4; 1st mate Lord Keith 1805/6; Captain Batavia 1809/10, 1812/3 & 1815/6.

William Knowles was born Harwood, Yorks 10 Mar 1780; 4th mate Devaynes 1801/2; 3rd mate Lord Keith 1803/4; 2nd mate Lord Keith 1805/6.

The Lord Keith missed being captured and arrived at Penang - Bombay Gazette September 1809. In Jan 1810, she was involved in the Capture of the Isle of Bourbon in Jan 1810.

In 1810, the Lord Keith joined the annual convoy of Company ships to India and back. Her Majesty's frigate Leda joined them for the voyage. Below are three newspaper reports which allude to the Lord Keith. Her first Officer was Richard Rawes, later Captain of the HEICS ships Juliana and Warren Hastings. On Sunday 29th July 1810, while sailing towards the cape, Captain Campbell wrote that the ship's company was 199.

On Saturday 26th May 1810, the owner Mr Morris visited the ship and paid the ship's company.

Her last recorded voyage was in 1817/8.

It is noted that there was another ship by the name 'Lord Keith'.

    Lord Keith, [Captain] Baird from London, a sloop foundered on the Farne Islands in August 1809. [7/8]

Farrington extract for this voyage:-
The extract from Catalogue of East India Company Ships’ Journals and Logs 1600-1834, edited by Anthony Farrington:-

          4 1809/10 Bengal

          L/MAR/B/187D      Journal 29 Jan 1810-28 Oct 1811

          L/MAR/B/187L(1)  Ledger

          L/MAR/B/187L(2)  Pay Book

          Capt Peter Campbell

          Portsmouth 9 Jun 1810 - 26 Jun Madeira - 12 Dec

          - Diamond Harbour - 22 Dec Calcutta - 24 Feb 1811

          - Saugor - 18 Jun St Helena - 30 Aug Downs


The Convoy

Honourable East India Company Service ships were generally well armed and capable of holding their own against single adversaries. The Journals often mention the cleaning of guns and drills taking place. Passing Royal Navy ships would occasionally come alongside Company ships and press some of the crew. However, especially in times of war, Company ships would set sail in convoy, accompanied by a Royal Navy ship with the commander described as Commodore. During the long voyage there would be a fair amount of 'watching out', both for each other and for 'strangers'. If a stranger was not identified quickly then the Royal Navy ship would peel off and give chase. Royal Navy ships would not necessarily be any larger than merchant ships, which had to provide cargo space but they were specifically prepared and better armed with their crew trained for war. A convoy would not remain fixed as there would be ships, both HEICS, Royal Navy ships and others peeling off or joining. This would be especially the case when the convoy reached its port of destination.

Seasonal weather patterns such as prevailing winds would play a part in when ships or convoys would leave England. January to July seems to have been the favoured time to set sail for the Far East.


Approaches to Bombay and Calcutta

HEICS ships bound for Bombay would sail up the west coast of India and various land marks were noted in the Journals as they approached Bombay.


The west coast of India.


HEICS ships bound for Calcutta had to navigate the Hooghly River with its tidal flows and sand banks as they headed for Saugor (Sagar), the main port for disembarkation. Various landmarks were noted in the Journals and the following link to a page on the Internet was of help with some of the names.


Part of the river Hooghly showing the island of Saugor (Sagar).


Landmarks:
Directions for Sailing to and from the East Indies

John Horsburgh, The India Directory or Directions for sailing to and from the East Indies, China, Australia, and the interjacent ports of Africa and South America: originally compiled from the Journal of the Honourable Company's Ships, and from observations and remarks.. First published in two volumes plus supplement in 1811, is a most interesting book which describes the route and landmarks to the Far East, including approaches to the ports of India and China. An electronic version of the book is available on the Internet.

  • Vol. 1: London to the Bay of Bengal.
  • Vol. 2: Bay of Bengal to China, &c.


News Reports

The three images concerning the Lord Keith are taken from newspaper articles:-

  1. Hampshire Telegraph Mon Jun 4th 1810.
  2. LONDON - Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh, Scotland), Thursday, June 7, 1810; Issue 13801.
  3. Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle etc. (Portsmouth, England), Monday, June 11, 1810; Issue 557.


List of Ships noted in this journal.

List of other ships mentioned in the Journal. Details of the ships have been added by the Editors from a number of sources. The reference is the page on which they are noted for the first time. The main sources for the HCS ships and for their commanders come from Farrington: Catalogue of East India Company's Ship' Journals. Another site used is: eicships.threedecks.org, a useful source for 'country' ships. Information on HM ships comes from the website: www.pbenyon.plus.com, and the Internet.

In January 1810, seven ships, Batavia, Lord Keith, Earl Spencer, Larkins, Monarch, Tyne & Hebe set off in the Convoy, accompanied by HMS Leda with Captain Sayer, as the Commodore of the Convoy.

The Convoy of the 1810/1 season in which the Lord Keith sailed was listed in the Hampshire Telegraph 4th June 1810.

Last night the Pursers arrived at the East India House, with an account of the safe arrival of the following ships, which, according to our letter from Portsmouth, passed that place in the course of the day, for the Downs:- Astell, Captain Hay; Sir S. Lushington, Captain J. Hay; Sir W. Bensley, Captain G. Hooper; Tyne, Captain R. Brooks; Lord Keith, Captain Campbell; Earl Spencer, Captain G. Heming; Diana, Captain Marshall; Indus, Captain Wettden; Ann, Captain P. Cameron; Harriet, Captain W. Lynch; Venus, and Ocean, whalers, and Hamadyrad frigate, Captain Sir T. Staines, Knt. his Majesty's ship Diomede, 50, parted company off the Western Islands. Left Madras 17th March, and St Helena, 26th June. - General Gowdie, late Commander in Chief of Fort St. George, is in this fleet. - The Pursers landed, some at Bridport, some at Weymouth, and some at Portsmouth, as convenience suited, and came off directly with their dispatches. - Several of the passengers had also landed.

The newspaper does not mention HMS Leda, the frigate that protected the Convoy out to India.

Page 2 HMS Monmouth Launched at Rotherhythe 23rd April 1796 by Randell & Co. for the HEICS under the name 'Belmont'. She was however purchased by the Royal Navy as a 3rd rate with armament of 64. She served through the Napoleonic Wars. She saw action at Camberdown under her Captain Commander James Walker (1764-1831), in 1797. In 1807 she acted as escort ship for the HEICS fleet to India, under Rear-Admiral William O'Bryen Drury. See: www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/M/03084.html & Wikipedia for further details. She served as a hulk at Woolwich from 1814 until she was broken up in 1834.
Page 2 HMS Diomede Launched at Deptford in 1798, 4th rate, armament 50. Disposed of in 1815. See: www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/D/01402.html, for further details.
Page 2 HMS Leda Launched 1809, 5th rate, armament 36. In 1810 under Captain Sayer, the Leda led the fleet of HEICS, including the Lord Keith, to India and back. Captain Campbell writes of the 'Commadore' on many occasions. In this case he is referring Captain Sayer, Captain of HMS Leda. The Leda was involved in the attack on Marrack near Batavia in 1811. She was disposed of in 1817. See: www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/L/02685.html, for further details.
Page 4 HCS Astell Built by Mestaer, launched 1809, length 147ft, 820 tons. This was her first voyage to Bengal. Her commander was Captain Robert Hay. While at St Helena, she is described as a Royal Navy ship and claiming a member of the Lord Keith's crew, but this appears to be a mistake by Captain Campbell. On page 117 of the Journal on 11th March 1811, while at Saugor, she is noted in the Journal. Farrington has her as a ship of the Honourable Company. Her last voyage to the Far East was in 1830. She was dismantled in 1837.
Page 10 --- Samuel A coal barge.
Page 12 HCS Ganges This is possibly a river or port boat hired by the Company.
Page 27 HCS Batavia Extra ship built by Topsham, 12ft, 555 tons. First voyage Portsmouth to India under Captain John Mayne. On 24th June 1810 Captain Campbell of the Lord Keith wrote that it was on tow by the Commadore while on route south towards Madeira. On Thursday 26th July Captain Campbell wrote the following: At 4pm observed the Batavia had carried away her main Top Gallent mast which kept us under very easy sail throughout this Day. On the 23rd October the Batavia parted from the convoy on her way to Ceylon. Last recorded voyage in Farrington is 1815.6, under Captain Mayne.
Page 28 HMS Manilla Frigate launched 1809, armament 36. On the 28th June 1810, she arrived at Madeira and departed on the 30th. She was wrecked on the Haak sand, Texel: crew except twelve, saved, but made prisoners. Her commander was Captain John Boyce. See details on Pbenyon.
Page 28 HCS Monarch Extra ship built by Mestaer 1801, length 124ft, 609 tons. In 1810, her commander was Captain Thomas Havard. This was her fifth voyage to India. On Friday 29th June 1810, while at Madeira, the carpenter of the Lord Keith was onboard the Monarch repairing their Bowsprit.
Page 29 HMS Nisus Launched 1810, 5th rate, armament 38, 1st July 1810, arrived at Madeira & sailed hence for the Cape. Broken up in 1822, See Wikipedia & Pbenyon for more information.
Page 29 --- Brazil Man On Sunday 1st July, while at Madeira, there departed the Brazil Man.
Page 29 --- New York On Wednesday 4th July 1810 the American ship New York left Madeira. This could be a private ship since the US Navy ship New York was apparently at this time permanently moored in the Washington Navy Yard, She was burnt by the British on 24th August 1814.
Page 31 HCS Earl Spencer (2) Built 1795, length 135ft, 644 tons. 6th trip to India. Second ship of that name. Her commander was Captain George Heming. Taken in tow just off Madeira on Wednesday 11th July 1810. Her last recorded voyage was this voyage of 1810. It is possible that she was the slave ship of the same name, which transported convicts from England to Australia in 1813, although this Earl Spencer was apparently built in 1803 and weighed 672 tons.
Page 31 HCS Larkins (1) Built of teak in Calcutta by Hudson, Bacon & Co. and launched as the Louisa, in 1807, length 127 ft, 637 tons. She sailed to England and in 1809 was bought by John Pascall Larkins. He named her Larkins after his nephew Captain Thomas Larkins, who at the time was in command of the HEICS ship Warren Hastings. It was probably at this time that she acquired a figurehead of a male warrior. In 1810 she was under the command of Captain Andrew Barclay. There continues a varied history of the ship on the Western Australian Museum webpage. The last recorded trip by Farrington was in 1818. In 1817, 1829 & 1831 it was used to transport convicts to Australia. It was used as a coal hulk and it ended its life in 1876 in Albany harbour, Australia, her figurehead survives.
Page 31 HCS Tyne Extra ship built by Brent, launched 1807, length 112ft, 462 tons. Her probable maiden voyage was with convoy in 1807 but not under the HEICS flag until she parted company for Cape Town on Monday November 30th 1807. Her only recorded trip under the HEICS was is 1810 under captain Robert Brooks.
Page 38 HMS Horatio Launched 23 April 1807, 5th rate, armament 38, 1090 tons. Propulsion: sail - screw. On 21 Feb 1810 she captured a French frigate-built storeship called Nécessité. Much more history of her on Pbenyon . Disposed of in 1865.
Page 38 HCS Earl Howe Built by Batson, launched 1794, length 146ft, 876 tons. This was her 7th voyage to the east and was returning home under her commander Captain John William Eastfield. Her next voyage was the last recorded.
Page 38 HCS Sir William Pulteney Repaired by Barnard in 1805, length 123ft, 656 tons. This was her 4th recorded voyage to the east out of 7. Her commander was Captain Henry Christopher.
Page 38 HCS Charles Grant Built 1810, 165ft long, 1274 tons. This was her first voyage to the Far East, sailing under Captain Thomas Talbot Harington. Twelve trip are recorded by Farrington.
Page 38 HCS Sir Steven Lushington Built by Randall in 1796, length 129ft, 608 tons. This was her 7th and last voyage. Her commander was Captain James Hay.
Page 96 HMS Sir Francis Drake Purchased 1805, 5th rate frigate, armament 38. In 1811 she took part in the invasion of Java. Departed Devonport for Chatham to be paid off and disposed of in 1825.
Page 105 --- Penang Packet Probably just a packet from Penang.
Page 105 --- Cuthbert Thornhill Not known.
Page 113 --- John Taylor sloop Presumably a sloop belonging to John Taylor.
Page 114 --- Kissore Persand sloop Presumably a sloop belonging stationed at Kissore Persand.
Page 114 --- Hunter sloop Presumably a sloop belonging to someone or some company called Hunter.
Page 114 --- Chatham sloop Presumably a sloop belonging to someone or some company called Chatham.
Page 115 --- Bridgewater sloop Presumably a sloop belonging to someone or some company called Bridgewater.
Page 115 HCS Imogine Noted by Captain Campbell as drawing alongside at Saugor on Sunday 24th September 1811 not traced.
Page 117 HCS Diana (2) Second of the name, an extra ship repaired by Mestaers 1805, length 134ft, 605 tons. This was her third voyage to Bengal, her commander was Captain John Marshall. Her last recorded voyage was in 1813.
Page 117 HCS John Palmer Built in Bengal 1810, 595 tons. One recorded voyage in 1811 to Bengal under Captain H A Reid. Captain Hugh Atkins Reid, was born London 5th April 1772. He became a midshipman in 1785/6, had an interesting career in the HEICS and the last mention of him by Farrington was as Captain of the Vansittart in 1814. She was lost on the coast of Portugal in 1814.
Page 117 HCS Auspicious According to Farrington she was an 'extra' ship built by Cox, launched 1797, length 106ft, 404 tons with one recorded voyage to Bengal in 1803 under Captain John Baker. On the website: eicships.threedecks.org/, she was built 1797 by W. J. Bottomley at King's Lynn, length 106ft, 404 tons. Taken up for Company service in 1797, 18th July 1798 almost totally destroyed by fire at Calcutta. Completely rebuilt and returned with a cargo. From 1812 she remained in India as a Country ship.
Page 117 --- Camoens A Portuguese, nothing more known.
Page 143 HCS Georgiana (1) Company's packet built by Wells, length 94ft, 285 tons. Her first recorded voyage was to Bengal in 1795 under Captain John Luard. This was her 6th and last recorded voyage and was returning home under Captain Henry Leigh. She sailed from Bengal on 13th March and arrived at the 'Motherbank' [near Portsmouth] on 29th August 1811.
Page 154 HCS Lady Lushington Built by Mestaer 1809, length 132ft, 594 tons. Her second voyage to Bengal. Her commander was Captain John Hine. Her last recorded voyage was in 1818 under Captain Thomas Dormer. The Lady Lushington struck rocks and foundered near to Corings, New South Wales. See website: www.ciaofamiglia.com/ehfburton/burtondocs/01_Hamptons-Senior-&James-&Palmers/1821-Lady-Lushington-sinks/LadyL-Sinks-21-Aug-1821_17-May-1822.pdf.
Page 166 HMS Hamadryad A Spanish ship named Matilda captured in 1804. She was renamed Hamadryad as a 5th rate, armament 36. 25th June 1811 at St Helena she was heading for England under Captain Sir T. Staines. Disposed of in 1815. See: www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/H/02119.html, for more information.
Page 166 HCS Harriet(3) Built by Perry, launched in 1802. Length 125ft, 550 tons. Six voyages to Bengal, this was her 5th. Her commander was Captain William Lynch. She was burnt at Calcutta 15th October 1812.
Page 166 HCS Ann(1) Extra ship built by Randall at Rotherhithe 1801. Length 128ft, 508 tons. Eight voyages to India, this was her 5th. Her commander was Captain Peter Cameron. Her last recorded voyage was in 1815. She was sold in 1817 for breaking up. See: eicships.threedecks.org, for more information.
Page 166 HCS Sir William Bensley Built by Bayley at Ipswich 1802, length 125ft, 547 tons. This was her 5th trip to India. She was commanded by Captain George Hooper. There is one more recorded trip in 1812/3. In 1816 she was transporting convicts to Australia arriving at Port Jackson, New South Wales 10th March 1817 with 199 passengers under Captain Lew E Williams. Sir William Bensley was a Director of the HEICS.
Page 166 HCS Exeter (2) Built by Wells launched 1792. Length 165ft, 1265 tons. This was her 8th and last recorded voyage. Commanded by Captain James Timbrell. On 18th June 1811, while at St Helena, Captain Campbell describes her as a Store ship. See Wikipedia for a full history of this ship.
Page 166 HCS Union (4) Built by Randall and launched 1802, length 125ft, 550 tons. This was her 5th recorded voyage. Commanded by Captain Robert Rankine. Captain Campbell described her as a store ship while at St Helena on 18th June 1811. Her last recorded voyage was in 1817/8.
Page 166 --- Camperdown [Bay] No information but maybe connected to Australia in some way because of her name - a suburb of Sydney. She may also be the barque Camperdown arriving in Quebec from Limerick on 7th September 1819. She is described by Captain Campbell as being a packet at St Helena on 18th June 1811, she departed on 19th June. Captain Rawes, while on the Juliana sighted the Camperdown Bay on 24th June 1813. It is not known whether this is the same ship.
Page 166 --- Venus - whaler No information except that Captain Campbell describes her as a whaler at St Helena on the 18th June 1811 on his homeward voyage. She is later recorded as accidentally ramming HMS Leda and damaging the Leda's rudder.
Page 166 HCS Indus Built by Temple and launched 1804, length 122ft, 567 tons. This was her 4th voyage to India. Commanded by Captain George Weltden. Recorded as arriving at St Helena on 18th June 1811. Her last recorded voyage was in 1814/5.
Page 166 HCS Ocean (6) Repaired by Brent 1804, length 117ft, 532 tons. This was her 4th voyage, commanded by Captain Thomas MacTaggart. Her last recorded voyage was in 1812..
Page 202 HMS Beschermer She had been a Dutch man-of-war, captured in 1799 and fitted out as a store ship at Chatham in 1805. At the end of 1806, loaned to the East India Dock Company. On Thursday 5th September 1811 she was described by Captain Campbell as a hulk sited at Blackwall just outside the HEICS basin. It was described as a hulk in 1807 when the Huddart was moored alongside.


CONTENTS OF SHIPS LOG


Log Pages Description Date

1 Title Page: Captain Campbell's Log


3-9 Ship's Company & passengers ditto

10-11 Blackwall 7th April to 21st April 1810

12-15 Northfleet Hope 22nd April to 23rd May 1810

16-19 Gravesend to Isle of Wight 24th May to 9th June 1810

20-28 Isle of Wight to Madeira 10th June to 26th June 1810

29-30 At Madeira 27th June to 9th July 1810

31-106 Madeira to Bengal 10th July to 7th December 1810

107 At Saugor Roads, Bengal 8th December to 21st Dec 1810

108-111 At Calcutta 22nd December to 25th Dec 1810

112-115 Calcutta to Saugor 26th December to 27th Dec 1810

116-117 At Saugor 28th Dec to 13th March 1811

118-168 Saugor to St Helena 14th March to 25th June 1811

168-171 At St Helena 26th June to 1st July 1811

172-203 St Helena to England 2nd July to 6th September 1811

204-206 At Blackwell to end of Log 7th September 1811 to 28th October


The Journal & Log of the Lord Keith 1810/1.

[Page 1:]


First page of journal and an example
of Captain Campbell's handwriting.

Received 3d September 1811

This is my original Journal
Peter Campbell [signed]
Witness: C Collingwood [signed]

[Page 2:]
[Stamp] India House Records


[Page 3:]

List of the Lord Keith's Ships Company
No, Names Stations Remarks [With added notes from Farrington etc.]
1 Peter Campbell Esqr Commander [Peter Campbell was born in 15 April 1773 at Campbeltown, Argyle, son of John, Esq. of Kildaloig. He was brother to David Campbell, Elizabeth Binning Campbell, Dugaid Campbell and lived at Askomel in Argyllshire. He married Elizabeth Jane Campbell-Davys. In Farrington his career is as follows: Seaman Ceres (2) 1789/90; midshipman Valentine (3) 1791/2; 5th mate King George (4) 1793/4; 3rd mate King George to West Indies 1795; 2nd mate Earl Talbot (2) 1796/7; 2nd mate Earl of Mornington 1799/1800, homeward; 1st mate Experiment (4) 1802/3; Capt Experiment (4) 1803/4; Capt Lord Keith 1807/8, 1809/10, 1813/14 & 1815/6.]
2 Richd Rawes Chief Mate [Born 2 Jul & bap Bromley, Kent 28 Jul 1784, s of Richard & Mary; midshipman Northampton (2) 1801; 4th mate Northampton (2) 1802/3; 3rd mate Northampton (2) 1804/5; 2nd mate Northampton (2) 1806/7; 1st mate Lord Keith 1809/10; Captain Juliana 1811/2; Captain Warren Hastings (5) 1814/5, 1818/9, 1822/23 & 1824/5.]
3 Josh Davis 2nd Do [Born 12 May 1784 Redbridge, Hants; 3rd mate Alexander (3) 1803/4 & 1805/6; 2nd mate Alexander (3) 1807/8; 2nd mate Lord Keith 1809/10.] On the 20th March 1811 there was an occurence on board ship involving Mr Davis, Mr Rawes and Captain Campbell. This resulted in him being confined to his cabin. On the 24th there was a further altercation resulting in Mr Davis being put into chains. At the end of the voyage there was a Court Martial at Sheerness. A separate page (h015) has been created to give full benefit to the incident and subsequent Court Martial.

See Google Books for the probable retirement of Joseph Davis 9 March 1832 when he was a "Messenger in the Master Attendant's Office at India House.]

4 Robt Smith 3rd Do [Born 10 Oct 1789 Burlingham St Andrew, Norfolk, son of John & Elizabeth (née Bately); 4th mate Tigres (2) 1806/7; 3rd mate Lord Keith 1809/10; 3rd mate Lord Duncan 1811/2.]
5 Robt Flemming Surgeon [Surgeon Lord Keith 1809/10, Lady Carrington 1811/12 & 1813/4.]
6 John Campbell Purser [Purser Arniston 1794/5, Sarah Christiana 1804/5, Lord Keith 1807/8 & 1809/10, City of London 1811/12.]
7 Wm Best Midshipman
8 Geor Lovett Do 4th mate Lord Keith 1809/10; 5th mate Bombay (3) 1811/12.
9 Thos Thornton Do [Born in England; midshipman Lord Keith 1809/10; midshipman Marquis of Huntly 1811/12; 3rd mate Ann (1) 1813/4; 3rd mate Hugh Inglis 1815/6.]
10 Thos Phillips Boatswain
11 John Mills Carpenter
12 Henry Lloyd Gunner
13 Wm Carroway Ships Steward
14 Richd Davey Boatswains Mate
15 Saml Phillips Gunners Do
16 Thos Ashby Carpenters Do
17 Thos Short Quarter Master Critd[?] on --[?] H M ship Diomede 25th June 1811
18 Wm Snowden Quarter Master
19 John Millsom Quarter Master
20 Robt McClay Ships Cook
21 Thos Atkins Seaman
22 Jas McKay Do
23 John Hornblow Do
24 Geor Trevillion Do Impd by H M ship Monmouth 30th August 1811
25 Jas McDonald Do Impd by H M ship Monmouth 30th August 1811
26 Wm Mortail Do
27 Thos Harris Do
28 Wm Watson Do Impd by H M ship Leda 3 Decr 1810
29 Lewis Kedwolfe Do
30 Nichs N Gould Do
31 John Butten Do
32 Thos Sutton Do
33 Pancho Soro Do Run at Calcutta
34 John Paul Do Run at Calcutta
35 Jas Stewart Do Impd by H M ship Leda 3d Decr 1810
36 Thos Davis Do Impd by H M ship Leda 3d Decr 1810
37 Joshua Thunderbold Do
38 Wm Stanton Do
39 Chas Carruthers Do Impd by H M ship Leda 3 Decr 1810
40 John Johnstone Do Drowned at Diamond Harbour 11 Decr 1810
41 John Peter Do Run at Calcutta 23 January 1811
42 Henry Simmons Do Run at Calcutta 23 January 1811
43 Jacob Oman[?] Do
44 Hendk Handick Do
45 John Dedrick Do
46 Josh Fanconfort Do
47 Chas Muller Do
48 Andw Macen Do
49 Gustavus Hunk Do
50 Juan Linthun Do
51 Nichs Labbie Do
52 Hendk Freeze Do
53 Chas Mag Holmland Do Died 22 June 1811
54 Manuel Feraro Do Run at Calcutta 28 Decr 1811
[Page 4:] Ships Compy Continued
55 Marian Desouza Seaman Run at Calcutta 30 Decr 1811
56 John While Do Impd by HM ship Leda 3 Decr 1810
57 John Widford Do Impd by HM ship Leda 3 Decr 1810
58 James Butler Do
59 Thos Gunnerson Do
60 David Gall Do Left with Captn Patterson at Bengal by order of Government
61 Edwd Elliot Ordinary Do Impd by HM ship Leda 3 Decr 1811[sic]
62 Thos Shepherd Do
63 John Hart Do
64 Michl Sullivan Do
65 Wm Hewett Do
66 John Elmore Do
67 Thos Kirsse[?] Do Left sick at Calcutta
68 John Miner Do
69 John Graft Do
70 James Simm Do
Impressed at Calcutta
71 John Marshall Sailmaker
72 John Thomas Securnie[?]
73 John Gonus DO
74 Wm Porter Do
75 John Thompson Seaman Claimed by H M ship Astell at St Helens
76 John Feraro Do
77 Joseph Haywood Do
Lascars Impd at Calcutta
1 Funnese[?] Tyndall
2 Currearn Lascars
3 Manuel Do
4 Abdullah Do
5 Salineane Do
6 Moolie Do
7 Boxue Do
8 Hassan Do
9 Mamud Jamur Do
10 Munnul Do
11 munseure Do
Landed 6th Septr 1811 at Blackwall

[Page 5: blank]

List of Honble Compys Recruits Recd on Bd at Gravesend 6th June 1810 & landed at Calcutta 22nd Decr 1810.
No, Names Rank Remarks [With added notes from Farrington etc.]
1 Bryan McLoughlin Sergt
2 Wm Seaton Do
3 Geo Brittain Do
4 Josh Winters Corpl
5 Michl Couley Do
6 Josh Varney Do
7 Pattk McClure Private
8 Richd Boultie Do
9 Andw Reilly Do
10 John Dunn Do
11 Wm Kellett Do
12 Wm Gallacher Do
13 John Hanley Do
14 Patk McGonigle[?] Do
15 John Catherson Do
16 Edwd Stewart Do
17 John Whitfield Do
18 Geor Meyers Do
19 Jas Powell Do
20 Fras McMeihon Do
21 John Peeke Do
22 Michl Connor Do
23 Mattw Curren Do
24 John Bentley Do
25 Christr Byrne Do
26 Patt Dunn Do
27 John Deardon Do
28 Josh Bullein Do
29 Geor Stanneige Do
30 Jas Cousins Do
31 Jas Dalton Do
32 Edwd Farrers Do
33 Wm McLeavey Do
34 Michl Colbert Do
35 Denis McGuire Do
36 David Neagle Do
37 Kiernon FitzPatrick Do
38 Thos Dillon Do
39 Thos Miller Do
40 Christr Field Do
41 John Trainors Do
42 Peter Havey Do
43 Hugh McCleod Do
44 John Brady Do
45 John Murry Do
46 Wm Copsey Do
47 Jas Langford Do
48 Wm Clewes Do
49 Saml McCoirneck Do
50 Neale Boyle Do
51 Richd Smith Do
52 John Cue Do
53 John Brennor Do
54 Richd Barrey Do
55 John Welsh Do

[Page 6: blank]

[Page 7:]

56 John Davis Do
57 Edwd Reynolds Private
58 Jas McMahon Do
59 Walter Clyde Do
60 John McQuin Do
61 John Holden Do
62 Michl Donaghoe Do
63 Bernard McIntire Do
64 Michl Murrey Do
65 John Larneys Do

Women


Margt wife of Bryan McLoughlin & child Matthew aged 2 months


Honora the wife of Michl Murrey

Landed at Calcutta 22nd Decr 1811
List of Passengers for Lord Keith from England to Bengal 1810 Received at Portsmouth 1st June 1810.
1 Mrs Eliza Greene
Saugor Roads 7th Decr 1810
2 Mrs Eliza Shadwell
Kedgeree [Khejuri] 10th Decr 1810
3 Mrs Fitzgerald
Kedgeree 10th Decr 1810
4 Miss Maria Caldwell
Kedgeree [Khejuri] 10th Decr 1810
5 Miss Ridges
Kedgeree [Khejuri] 10th Decr 1810
6 Miss Hyde
Kedgeree [Khejuri] 10th Decr 1810
7 Miss M. A. Bell
Kedgeree [Khejuri] 10th Decr 1810
8 Eliza Hutchinson
Kedgeree [Khejuri] 10th Decr 1810
9 Christiana McHenry
Kedgeree [Khejuri] 10th Decr 1810
10 Col Jas Campbell Mitchell
Saugor Roads 7th Decr 1810
11 Cornel James Barratty 24th Dragoons Kedgeree [Khejuri] 10th Decr 1810
12 Joshua Carter Barratty Writer Kedgeree [Khejuri] 10th Decr 1810
13 John Morrison Assistant Surgeon Kedgeree 10th Decr 1810
14 John Irving Assistant Surgeon Kedgeree [Khejuri] 10th Decr 1810
15 Wm Faithful Cadet
16 Philip Anderson Cadet
17 Wm Scott Kennedie Cadet
18 Peter Grant Cadet
19 John McMillon Cadet
20 Rowland Dixon Cadet
21 Edwd Malone Cadet
22 Jas McDonald Cadet Madras Establishment
23 Wm Bell
Returning to Bengal
24 Jas Bernard Pilot Service
25 Joshua Fergussan Free Mariner
26 Kitty Perra Servt to Mrs Green
27 Khallujah Native female returning
28 Robt King Servt to Col Mitchell
Landed the above at Calcutta 22nd Decr 1810

[Page 8:]

List of Lascars from England Received at Gravesend 16th May 1810.
No, Names Stations Remarks [With added notes from Farrington etc.]
1 Ramjimie Syrang
2 Secallie Tyndall Died at sea 1st Decr 1810
3 Saduck Tyndall
4 Jaguer Mahmut Ladceon
5 Perue Do
6 Adjie Do
7 Hassan Do
8 Nehamut Do
9 Smale Do
10 Medina Do
11 Samseer Do
12 Fadgil Do
13 Cadier Do
14 Mossum Alley Do
15 Mossum Do
16 Sakier Do
17 Domun Do
18 Rossun Do
19 Burhamdie Do
20 Morneer Do
21 Serage Do
22 Chumrue Do
23 Mirza Do
24 Adgmut Do
25 Boxee Do
26 Burrah Boxee Do Died at sea 11th Octr 1810
27 Burrah Abram Do
28 Chutat Abram Do
29 Kehamdee Do
30 Fadgil Cah Do
31 Dowoles Boxee Do
32 Ramjormie Do
33 Chutah Bukass Do
34 Manjun Cat Do
35 Peter Burnardo Do
36 Munrue Do
37 Jammomut Do
38 Kuffiel Do
Landed the above at Calcutta 22nd Decr 1810, for the remainder see the end of the journal

CONTINUED AT END OF JOURNAL

[Page 9: blank]


[Page 10:]
[Start of Harbour Journal]

Lord Keith Blackwall Dock

Saturday 7th April [1810].
Wind ENE squally weather with rain. At 1pm Mr Davis Inspector & Mr G Lea Surveyor came on board the ship & found the following stores. Viz. 18 Guns 12 Pdrs, 1 Stream Anchor, 55 tons of Kentledge, 80 fms Billet wood & one worn Hawser 7 in & one do 5 in. Captn Campbell & 1st Officer on board. 10 Lumpers employed levelling the Kentledge & clearing the limber. Draft of water 10.3 fms Forwd 12.9 fms Aft.

Sunday 8th April.
No work done at the Docks.

Monday 9th April.
Wind NE cloudy weather with rain in the latter part. Riggers employed rigging the ship. Recd on board 64 empty butts. 10 Lumpers employed stowing & filling them. 1st Officer on board.

Tuesday 10th April.
Ditto wind rain throughout. Employed as yesterday, Recd 15 Chaldron of Coals for ships use & the ships store Dials. 1st Officer on board.

Wednesday 11th April.
Wind NEbN with fine clear weather. Riggers employed rigging the ship. At 2pm came alongside the Samuel Barge with Coals on acct of the Honble Compy. Employed discharging her otherwise filling water, the Lumpers on Board. Draft of Water 12.8 Forwd 12.1 Aft. 1st Officer on board.

Thursday 12th April.
Wind NE Fair weather. Employed as yesterday. At 2pm dispatched the Samuel Barge. Recd on board the ships cables & sundry other stores. 10 Lumpers employed. 1st Officer on board.

Friday 13th April.
Wind WNW fine weather. Riggers employed crossing the yards & recd 20 empty Butts. Employed stowing them otherwise in the hold as most useful. Lumpers employed. 1st Officer on board.

[Page 11:]
Lord Keith Blackwall Dock

Saturday 14th April.
Westerly winds fair weather. Riggers about the rigging. Employed in the hold. Recd on board sundry stores & the ships Shot. Lumpers on board. 1st Officer on board.

Sunday 15th April.
Docks shut up.

Monday 16th April.
Easterly wind & fair weather. Riggers as before. Employed receiving Anchor on acct of the Honble Compy, otherwise as necessary. Lumpers on board. 1st Officer on board. Draft of water 14 fms Forwd 12.6 Aft.

Tuesday 17th April.
Wind at SW cloudy weather. Riggers about the rigging. Employed receiving arms, sheet copper & flints on acct of the Honble Compy, otherwise in the hold & filling water. Lumpers on board. 1st Officer on board.

Wednesday 18th April.
Ditto wind & fair weather. Employed as yesterday receiving company Cargoes. Riggers as before. Recd the ships bending & some of the store sails. Lumpers employed. 1st & 2nd Officers on board.

Thursday 19th April.
Ditto westerly winds & fine weather. Riggers employed bending the sails, receiving running rigging etc. Recd the ships anchors & 60 Tierces of Beef & Pork on the Victualling Bill, otherwise employed stowing the hold. Lumpers on board, 1st & 2nd Officers on board. Draft of Water 15 fms Forwd 13.8 Aft.

Friday 20th April.
No work done at the Dock.

Saturday 21st April.
Wind at SW fair weather. Bent the Bower Sheet cable, otherwise employed trimming ship for going down, received on board some sundry of Carpenters, Boatswains & Gunners stores. Also 4 ton Butts & 6 Gang Casks. Stowed & filled them. Lumpers on board. Draft of Water 14.7 fms Fwd 14.5 Aft. 1st Officer on board.

[Page 12:]
Lord Keith Northfleet Hope

Sunday 22nd April.
Light breezes WSW fine weather. At 10am Mr Ross Pilot came on board & took charge of the ship. At 1pm Hauled out of the Dock & made sail & at 6 made fast to the upper moorings in the Northfleet Hope. Unbent the sails & struck top gallant masts. Captn, 1st & 2nd Officers on board.

Monday 23rd April.
Brisk breezes from the northward fine weather. Employed hiding the bobstays & other jobs about the rigging, otherwise stowing provisions & cleaning ship for cargo. 2nd Officer on board.

Tuesday 24th April.
Light breezes at northward fair weather. Employed cleaning & otherwise as yesterday. 2nd Officer on board.

Wednesday 25th April.
Fresh breezes NE cloudy weather. Employed on the rigging and receiving Shot on acct of the Honble Compy. 2nd Officer on board. Draft of Water 15.3 fms Forwd 14.3 Aft.

Thursday 26th April.
Brisk gale at NE & fine weather. Employed about the rigging & otherwise receiving the ships Tar & Pitch & other small stores. 2nd Officer on board.

Friday 27th April.
Ditto winds & weather. Employed about the rigging. AM came alongside the Ganges with Iron on the acct of the Honble Compy. Employed receiving it on board & otherwise as most useful. 1st & 2nd Officers on board.

Saturday 28th April.
Moderate breezes at NE with fine weather. Recd 3 new Patent Cables & 28 coils of rope for the ships use. Employed splicing cables for sheet & best Bower & otherwise as most useful. AM Captain Campbell visited the ship. 1st & 2nd Officers on board.

[Page 13:]
Lord Keith Northfleet Hope

Sunday April 29th.
Moderate breeze at eastward with fine weather. Washed decks. 1st & 2nd Officers on board. Draft of Water 15.2 fms Forwd 14 Aft.

Monday April 30th.
Ditto winds & weather. People employed under the Boatswain and otherwise receiving Beef & Pork on the Victualling Bill. 1st & 2nd Officers on board.

Tuesday May 1st.
Fine breeze at ENE clear weather. Employed under the Boatswain and cleaning ship etc. Officers on board 1st & 2nd.

Wednesday 2nd May.
Ditto winds & weather. Employed receiving cargo on acct of the Honble Compy also the Beer allowed on the Victualling Bill. A Gang under the Boatswain. Draft of Water 16.7 fms Forwd 14.4 Aft. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Thursday 3rd May.
Moderate breezes at NW cloudy weather with rain. People employed in the hold & under the Boatswain as necessary. Tradesmen usefully employed. 1st & 3rd Officers on board.

Friday 4th May.
Wind NW squally with some rain. Employed receiving Private Trade on acct of Captn Campbell otherwise as yesterday. 1st & 2nd Officers on board.

Saturday 5th May.
Fresh breezes at north westward & cloudy weather. People employed in the gold & under the Boatswain. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Sunday 6th May.
Ditto winds & weather. Washed decks Captn Campbell visited the ship. Draft of Water 16.6 fms Forwd 14.4 Aft. Officers on board 1st, 2nd & 3rd.

Monday 7th May.
Strange gales from NE with rain. Employed receiving cargo also Gang of hands under the Boatswain. 2nd & 3rd Officers on board.

Tuesday 8th May.
Moderate breezes at SW cloudy weather. Boatswain & Gang about the rigging. Employed receiving Iron on acct of the Honble Compy otherwise in the hold. Officers on board 1st, 2nd & 3rd. Came alongside the ships raft. Pumped ship 13 inches.

[Page 14:]
Lord Keith Northfleet Hope

Wednesday 9th May.
Fresh breezes at SW fine weather. Employed receiving Iron on acct of the Honble Compy & in the hold. Boatswain & Gang as yesterday. PM got on board the Long Boat & booms. Draft of Water 17 fms Forwd 15.3 Abaft Officers on board 1st, 2nd & 3rd.

Thursday 10th May.
First part calm with fine weather Latter part gales at ENE & cloudy weather. Employed stowing the booms & receiving on board Water. A Gang under the Boatswain . All Officers on board.

Friday 11th May.
Fresh breezes from ENE with clear weather. Employed stowing water. Some hands on the rigging. Officers on board 2nd & 3rd.

Saturday 12th May.
Strong gales from ENE with cloudy weather. Employed receiving cargo on acct of the Honble Compy, some Private Trade, the ships powder & remainder part of the sails. Officers on board as yesterday.

Sunday 13th May.
Ditto wind & weather. Employed clearing ship & as most useful. Officers on board as yesterday.

Monday 14th May.
Ditto winds & weather & employed receiving Cargo. A Gang of Hands on the rigging. Officers on board 2nd & 3rd. Draft of Water 18 fms Forwd 16 Aft.

Tuesday 15th May.
Westerly wind & cloudy weather. Employed receiving Honble Companys Cargo & Private Trade. Boatswain about the rigging. Tradesmen usefully employed. Officers on board 1st, 2nd & 3rd.

Wednesday 16th May.
Light breezes from the westward with fine weather. Employed receiving Goods on Freight, Private Trade & Sundry Stores otherwise as most useful. Received on board 35 Lascars. All Officers on board. Draft of Water 18.6 fms Forwd 17 Aft.

[Page 15:]
Lord Keith Northfleet Hope

Thursday 17th May.
Wind at SW squally weather with rain at times. Employed receiving Private Trade, Goods on Freight & Stores. Boatswain & Gang about the rigging. All Officers on board. Pumped ship 13 inches.

Friday 18th May.
Fresh breezes at NW with rain in the first part, latter more fair. PM employed receiving Cordage on acct of the Honble Compy & Private Trade Iron. Captn & all Officers on board.

Saturday 19th May.
Light breezes at NE with fine weather. Set up the Bobstays Fore & Fore Top Mast Rigging. Otherwise employed receiving Private Trade & Sundry Stores upon the Victualling Bill. Captn & all officers on board. Draft of Water 19 fms Forwd 17.11 Aft.

Sunday 20th May.
Ditto winds and weather. Washed & cleaned ship. Captain & all Officers on board.

Monday 21st May.
Wind at SbW with some light showers of rain. Employed receiving Goods on Freight, Private Trade the Spirit for the Military and Iron on acct of the Honble Company. Set up the Main & Mizzen Rigging. Tradesmen usefully employed. Capt and Officers on board.

Tuesday 22nd May.
Wing at the SW fine weather. Employed in the hold & under the Boatswain. Received 10 butts of water and Sundry Stores. Captain and Officers on board.

Wednesday 23rd May.
SW winds & fine weather. Employed receiving Passengers Baggage – otherwise preparing ship for dropping down. Draft of Water 19.1 fms Forwd 18.10 Abaft. Captn & all Officers on board.

[Page 16:]
Lord Keith from Gravesend

Thursday 24th May.
Fresh breezes SW fine weather. AM Bent sails. At 11am Mr Proctor came on board & took charge of the ship. At 4pm Cast off from the Moorings and made sail and at 6pm anchored with the small Bower in 7 fathoms in the lower part of Gravesend Reach. Captain and Officers on board..

Friday 25th.
Light breezes at the NE at times calm. Set up the Top and Top Gallant rigging otherwise under the Boatswain as most useful. Pumped ship 13 inches.

Saturday 26th.
Light breezes at NE fair weather. Mr Morris the Owner came on board and payed the Ships Company. Sent all women & discharged men out of the ship.

Sunday 27th.
Brisk breezes at eastward with fine weather. At 9am weighed and made sail & at 2pm came to in Chapmans Hole [a mudflat off Canvey Island] in 6 fms. Sealed & Loaded the Guns.

Monday 28th.
First part fresh breezes at NE fine weather, latter light breezes at the eastward. At 8am weighed & made sail at 11 passed The Nore – At 2pm brought to in 6 fms, the East Oaze Buoy bearing SbW, the Buoy of the Mouse NW. Set up the Mizen Top & Top Gallant rigging – At 9pm weighed and made sail & at 12 anchored in the Nob’s Hole the Shivering Sand bearing NWbW. The Buoy of the Girdle SW. Pumped ship 13 inches.

[End of Harbour Journal]

[start of Sea Log]

[Page 17:]
Towards Portsmouth

H Courses K F wind Soundings Tuesday 29th May
1


First part light airs at eastward & calm at times. At 7am weighed
2


but falling calm came to again. At 9 a breeze sprung up from ye eastward.
3


Weighed & made sail, run over the flats & worked down Queens Channel
4


& at 5pm hove to in the Downs for our boats, hoisted them in & made sa[---]
5


filled & made sail.
6



At 6pm the South Foreland bore NW
7
4 6
At 10pm Dungeness light N12 Dist
8 WbS½S 6 6 EbE
about miles 3 miles.
9
6 6 Sd Grd 17 fms At 12 Dungeness light EbN
10 WSW 6 4 15 fms At 2pm Beachy Head N½W Dist 7 miles
11 W½S 6 6
At 6am Shoreham Gap N½E.
12
6 6 East 19 fms At 7 the Owers light NW½N.
1
6 6
At ½ past at Dunnose W½W. Mr Knell
2
6 4 21 fms Pilot came on board & took charge of the
3 WNW 6 4
ship run in at Noon anchored at the
4
6 6 24 fms Mother Bank in 11 fms with the best
5
6 6
Bower.
6
6 6

7 NWbW 7 6

8
7 6

9



This Log contains 36 hours & ends at Noon.
10




11




12




Wednesday 30th May.
Pleasant breeze at eastward & fine weather. PM moored ship ¾ of a cable on the best Bower to the SE & a whole cable on the small to the NW. When moored the town of Ryde SW½S. Portsmouth Spire EbN½. The Weather Buoy of the Sturbridge SEbS. This log contains 12 hours & ends at midnight to regulate Harbour Log.

[end of Sea log]

[start of Harbour Journal]

Thursday 31st [May].
Ditto wind & weather. Employed cleaning ship & under the Boatswain as most useful. Tradesmen usefully employed. Pumped ship 13 inches. Captn & all Officers on board.

Friday 1st June.
Fresh breezes at eastward & fine weather. People employed about the rigging & clearing the Orlop for the Reception of the Troops.

Saturday 2nd.
Pleasant breezes at ye eastward & fine weather. People employed as yesterday.

[Page 18:]
Lord Keith at the Motherbank

Sunday 3rd June.
Light breeze ESE & fine weather. Washed decks.

Monday 4th.
Wind ESE fine weather. Employed scraping & cleaning the Orlop for the Reception of the Troops otherwise under the Boatswain, about the rigging & as most useful.

Tuesday 5th.
Light breezes at ye ENE cloudy weather. Employed as yesterday & receiving Passengers Baggage.

Wednesday 6th.
First part light breezes at ye NE. Latter variable winds fine weather. Mr Stewart Pilot came on board & took charge of the ship. At 7am unmoored & hove short, at 10 weighed & made sail & at half past 1 anchored at Spithead in 10 fms. Portsmouth Church bearing N. Cowes Point NWbW. Bembridge Point So. Set up the Main & Main Top mast rigging. Recd some Passengers Baggage. Recs 65 of the Honble Compy’s Recruits, 2 women & 1 Child. At 2pm Captn Campbell went on board the Commodore for instructions – at 5pm Signal No --.

Thursday 7th.
Light breezes at ye southward with fine weather. At half past 9am weighed & made sail. Made signal. Employed working out of Harbour. A 4pm Dunnose bearing West & nearly calm. The Commodore made Signal 13. Wor & at 6pm anchored in 8 fms. The Buoy of the Knab SbE. Bembridge Point SWbW. The Bouy of the Warner NbE½E. Recd some Passengers Baggage. Pumped ship 13 inches.

Friday 8th.
Light airs variable & calm fine weather. People employed under the Boatswain as most necessary. Tradesmen usefully employed.

Saturday 9th.
Light variable winds fine weather. AM Roused the sails out of the Sail Room to air. The Commodore made Signal 13 at half past weighed & made sail.

This Log contains 12 hours.

[Page 19: - blank]
[end of Harbour Journal]

[Start of Sea Log]

[Page 20:]
Ship Ld Keith towards Madeira

Sunday 10th June 1810.
C&D --. Worked out of the Roads. Light variable winds calm at times. At half past 2pm the Commodore made the Signal to anchor. Came to in 8 fms Bembridge Pt SW½W & Cowes Pt NW½W. At half past 10 the Pilot left us. Dunnose bearing WNW Dist 7 or 8 miles. At daylight St Catherines Tower N½W. Dunnose NE¼E Dist off shore 3 or 4 Leagues. At 8 St Catherines Tower NE½E. Weather too unsettled to have divine Service. In company with the Leda Frigate & convoy. Lat (obs) 50.18N. Dist. 44 miles.

Monday 11th June 1810.
C&D --. Light winds & hazy weather. At 3pm saw the land bearing NEbE. At 6 St Albans Head NbW & the extremes of the Land from NNW to NNE dist off shore about 6 Leagues. At daylight saw the Land bearing NNW. [Commodore [in sight] At noon the Land in sight bearing NNW. Several strange sails standing to the westward. Lat (obs) 50.8N. Dist. 84 miles.

[Page 21:]
Ship Lord Keith from England

Tuesday 12th June 1810.
C&D N78W 42, Variable winds mostly fair weather. At 3pm Start Point NWbN½N. At 8pm Start Pt WbN. Berry Head NbE½E. The extremes of the land to the east NEbN¼. Dist off shore about 4 Leagues. At daylight the Bolt Head NEbE and tail N¼W. At noon the Bolt Head EbN tail NEbE¼ & the Eddystone Lighthouse NWbN½N½N. dist off shore about 4 leagues. 81 miles Lat 50.16. Long 4.6W.

Wednesday 13th June 1810.
C&D --. Variable winds & squally weather during the latter part. At 6pm Penley Point NNE the Eddystone NbW½W. Passed a Convoy bound up Channel. At midnight the light ESE. At 3pm ditto E½N. At 8pm the Lighthouse EbS. At noon the Lizard Pt NbW½W & the extremes of the land to the EbN½N dist off shore about 4 leagues. Lat (obs) 50.4N. Dist. 85 miles.

[Page 22:]
Thursday 14th June 1810.
C&D S59W 53. First part fresh breezes latterly light winds variable. A 2pm the Lizard Pt NW¼W & the eastern extreme NEbE¼E dist off the Lizard about 5 Leagues. Unbent the sheet cables & stowed all the anchors. I take my departure from the Lizard Pt as it bore at 2pm Lat 49.58N and Long 5.11W. Lat 49.11N 5.48W.

Friday June 15th 1810.
C&D S53W 103. Light airs during the first part latterly fresh breezes with fine weather. A boat came on board from the Commodore. Hove to for ships astern. PM shifted the jibb & Mizen Stay sails with the old ones. Unbent the Bower cables. In company with the fleet. Lat 48.4N Long 7.36W.

[Page 23:]
Ship Ld Keith from England

Saturday 16th June 1810.
C&D S50W 152. Fresh breezes during the first part latterly decreasing with pleasant weather throughout. Washed between decks. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker fitting the Awning. Lat 46.26N Lt 10.15W.

Sunday 17th June 1810.
C&D S30W 137. First part light breezes variable latterly a fresh wind with heavy swell from the northward. Lat 44.21N Long 11.47W.

[Page 24:]
Towards Madeira

Monday 18th June 1810.
C&D S16W 89. Fresh breezes during the first part latter light winds & pleasant weather. Pumped ship 14 inches. People employed under the Boatswain. Soldiers picking Oakum. Lat 42.49N long 12.20W.

Tuesday 19th June 1810.
C&D S7W 67. Light winds & fine weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Bent the Awning. At noon the stranger showed Spanish Colours. Lat 41.30N Long 12.31W.

[Page 25:]
Ship Ld Keith from England

Wednesday 20th June 1810.
C&D S--W 35. Light airs variable throughout and fair weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Soldiers picking Oakum. Armourer at the Forge. Lat 40.41N Long 12.47W.

Thursday 21st June 1810.
C&D S27W 60. First part calm latterly pleasant breezes. People employed working up junk & making rope. Shifted the Main sail with the worst. In Company [with the fleet] Lat 39.39N Long 13.22W.

[Page 26:]
Towards Madeira

Friday 22nd June 1810.
C&D S32W 91. Light winds & fine weather. At 4pm a Strange Lugger in fight commodore in chase. People variously employed. Sailmaker making Windsails. PM Confined Wm Stanton Seaman for threatening to thrash the Boatswains Mate & drunkenness & also John Welsh Recruit for the same offence to the Sergeant. Lat 38.22N Long 14.24W.

Saturday 23rd June 1810.
C&D S22W 92. Light breezes and fine weather throughout. PM punished Wm Stanton with 18 lashes & John Welsh with 1 dozen for the offences for which they were confined. AM Washed between decks. Lat 36.46N Long 15.11W.

[Page 27:]
Ship Ld Keith from England

Sunday 24th June 1810.
C&D S20W 111. Moderate breezes & fine weather throughout. AM Performed Divine Service. Hove to for ships astern. The Commodore took the Batavia in Tow. Lat 34.59N Long 15.58W.

Monday 25th June 1810.
C&D S12W 143. Pleasant breezes & fair weather throughout. AM bent the Bower & sheet Cables & unstowed the Anchors. At half past 9am saw the Island of Porto Sancto bearing Wb— dist about 10 Leagues. At noon Porto Sancto NW½E dist about 7 Leagues. Lat 32.44N Long 16.33W.

[Page 28:]
Towards Madeira

Tuesday 26th June 1810.
Commodore in the Roads at an Anchor. Standing into the Roads – Taken aback – Variable winds during the night with hard gusts off shore. Ship standing off & on. At daylight made sail & worked into the Roads. Wind light & very variable. At half past 10am anchored with the small Bower in 3fms. Steadied ship with the Stream [anchor]. The Loo Rock bearing NW6N. The Brazen Nose ESE, the westernmost point WbN½N. Dist off shore 1 mile. Found several small vessels & one Portuguese Brazil Ship in the Roads. PM Sent our empty Butts on shore. This log contains 36 hours ends at midnight.

[end of Sea Log]

[start of Harbour Journal]

Wednesday 27th June.
Light variable winds & cloudy weather. People variously employed Tradesmen as requisite. At daylight the Leda left the Roads for Teneriffe. Pumped ship 13 inches.

Thursday 28th June.
Light winds mostly from the westward with fine weather. Fluted the fore rigging. Set up the Bobstays, Fore & Fore top mast rigging. Cooper making buckets. Armourer at the forge & other tradesmen as most useful. Arrived here HMS Manilla.

Friday 29th June.
Ditto winds, cloudy weather, Fluted the Main, Main Top Mast & Main top Gallant rigging & set it up. Carpenter on board the Monarch repairing their Bowsprit – Armourer at the Forge.

[Page 29:]
Ship Lord Keith

Saturday 30th June.
Light variable winds cloudy weather. Set up the Mizen top & top Gallant rigging otherwise employed as most useful under the Boatswain. Tradesmen as necessary. Gunner painting the ship. Recd some water on board. Sailed hence HMS Manilla. Exercised great guns & small arms. Pumped ship 13½ inches. Confined Thos Short Q Master & Chas Carruthers in Irons for theft.

Sunday 1st July.
Light winds & calms with small rain in the morning. Arrived here & sailed hence HMS Nisus for the Cape. Sailed also the Brazil Man.

Monday 2nd July.
Light breezes from the westward with fine weather. People employed under the Boatswain & receiving water. Tradesmen variously employed. Exercised small arms.

Tuesday 3rd July.
Light variable winds Cloudy weather. People making Matts Sinnett & under the Boatswain. Tradesmen usefully employed. Pumped ship 13 inches.

Wednesday 4th July.
Light breezes mostly from the westward fine weather. Employed making Sinnett as yesterday. Gunner painting the masts. Arrived here the New York an American from New York. Exercised small arms.

Thursday 5th July.
Light breezes & fine weather. People employed making matts & small rope & under the Boatswain. Otherwise cleaning ship and as most useful. Pumped ship 13 inches.

Friday 6th July.
Land & Sea breezes cloudy weather. Employed as yesterday.

Saturday 7th July.
Ditto winds & weather. Washed between decks. Exercised great Guns & small arms. Pumped ship 13 inches.

Sunday 8th July.
Light variable winds fine weather.

[Page 30:]
Funchal Roads

Monday 9th July 1810.
Land & Sea breezes & fine weather. At daylight saw a ship coming round Santa Cruz Point. At 8 perceived her to be our Commodore & made the Signal for all persons to repair on board their respective ships & to prepare for sailing. At half past 6 made the Signal to unmoor. Unmoored ship & hove short. This log accounts for 12 hours & ends at noon to regulate Sea Time.

[end of Harbour Journal]

[Start of Sea Log]

Tuesday 10th July 1810.
C&D South 42. Variable winds & fair weather. Stood off & joined the Commodore. At sunset the extremes of the Island at NW to EbN. Santa Cruz Point NWbW – Funchal NWbW¾W. At 4pm the Body of the Island dist off shore about 7 Leagues. At 6pm Funchal NNE the southern deserter SEbE½E. AM unbent the Cables & stowed the anchors & unrove the Harbour Gun. At noon the land about Funchal NEbE¾E & the eastern deserter NEbE½E. Lat 32.7N Long 17.5W.

[Page 31:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Wednesday 11th July 1810.
C&D S20W 107. Moderate winds & hazy weather. At 2pm the Island of Madeira bore N½E dist 13 Leagues. At 6am The Earl Spencer took the Batavia & the Larkins the Tyne in Tow f—Signal. People working up junk. Lat 30.28N Long 17.47W.

Thursday 12th July 1810 C&D S27W 90. Light winds & hazy weather. At 5am saw the Island of Palma bearing S dist about 10 Leagues. Sailmaker repairing the Main Top Gallant Sail. Shifted the Fore Top Sail with the worst. At noon the island of Palma SE & the extremes from ESE to SSE dist off shore about 7 Leagues. Lat 28.57 Long 18.34W.

[Page 32:]
Towards Bengal.

Friday 13th July 1810.
C&D S33W 197. Moderate winds & mostly fine weather. At 4pm The Island of Palma at SE¼E dist about 8 Leagues. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker as yesterday. In Company with the fleet. Lat 27.31N Long 19.30W.

Saturday 14th July 1810.
C&D S31W 132 A pleasant breeze & fair weather. Sailmaker repairing the Main Top Gallant Sail. Washed between decks & exercised great Guns & Small Arms. Lat 25.28N Long 20.46W.

[Page 33:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Sunday 15th July 1810.
C&D S33W 142. Moderate winds & cloudy weather. AM Performed Divine Service. Lat 23.29N 22.8W.

Monday 16th July 1810.
C&D S28W 149. A fresh trade & cloudy weather. At daylight a strange sail passed through the Fleet. She shewed English colours. The Commodore examined her. People working up junk. Tyne astern courses down. Pumped ship 14 inches. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top Gallant Sail. Lat 21.20N long 23.24W.

[Page 34:]
Towards Bengal

Tuesday 17th July 1810.
C&D S27W 142. A moderate trade & hazy weather. PM Confined Wm Kellete recruit for writing an insolent & mutinous letter to me respecting the Lascars. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top Sail. Armourer at the Forge. Soldiers picking Oakum. At 8am Punished the prisoner with 2 dozen lashes for the above offence. Commodore in chase in the SE quarter. Lat 19.6N Long 23.33W.

Wednesday 18th July 1810.
C&D S27W 122. A light breeze & fine weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Soldiers picking Oakum. AM washed between decks. Lat 17.21N Long 25.31W.

[Page 35:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Thursday 19th July 1810.
C&D S33W 90. Moderate winds & cloudy weather. At 2pm saw the Island of St Anthony bearing at SSW½W to SE. At 6pm the Body of the Island SEbS¼S – dist about 6 Leagues. Peole employed working up junk. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore Top Sail. AM confined Michael Donaghoe Bernard McIntire & Thos Millar Recruits for breaking down a bulkhead & breaking a cask of Spirits. Lat 16.14N 26.22W.

Friday 20th July 1810.
C&D S11E 118. Light winds & cloudy weather. People & tradesmen employed as yesterday. AM punished Michael Donaghoe & Thos Millar with 3 doz lashes & Bernard McIntire with 9 lashes, the crime of theft being fully proved against them. Lat 14.14N Long 25.58W.

[Page 36:]
Towards Bengal

Saturday 21st July 1810.
C&D S5E 59. Light winds variable & sultry weather. People working up junk. Armourer at the Forge. Soldiers picking Oakum. Washed between decks. Exercised great Gun & small arms. Lat 13.8N Long 25.53W.

Sunday 22nd July 1810.
C&D S20E 82. Light breezes & sultry weather. PM the Commodore’s Boat came on board with Sealed Rendezvous. Performed Divine Service. Lat 11.54N Long 25.25W.

[Page 37:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Monday 23rd July 1810.
C&D S38E 100. Moderate winds & sultry weather. People working up junk. Sailmaker middle stitching ye middle stay sail. Soldiers picking Oakum. Exercise great Guns & small arms. Lat 10.41N Long 24.22W.

Tuesday 24th July 1810.
C&D S 38. Variable winds & weather with much rain during the middle part. Lat 9.45N Long 23.22W.

[Page 38:]
Towards Bengal

Wednesday 25th July 1810.
C&D S20E 50.Variable winds & weather with much rain at times. AM Shifted the Main Top Gallant sail it being split. Lat 8.57N Long 24.25W.

Thursday 26th July 1810.
C&D S 54. Variable winds & rainy weather. At 1pm saw a Fleet consisting of 6 sails standing to the northward. We soon perceived them to be an homeward bound India Fleet & found them to be HM Ship Horatio, HC Ships Earl Howe, Sir William Pulteney, Grant & Sir Steven Lushington. Hove to & sent boat on board the Earl Howe. At 4pm observed the Batavia had carried away her Main Top Gallant Mast which kept us under very easy sail throughout this Day. Lat 7.57N 24.25W.

[Page 39:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Friday 2th July 1810.
C&D S45E 40. Variable winds & weather. PM Shifted the fore Top Gallant Sail with the worst. Sailmaker repairing the Main top Gallant Sail. Lat 7.40N Long 23.57W.

Saturday 28th July 1810.
C&D S45E 94. Fresh winds for the most part & squally weather. AM Washed between decks. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore top Gallant Sail. Lat 6.48N Long 22.58 W.

[Page 40:]
Towards Bengal

Sunday 29th July 1810.
C&D S50E 76. Fresh breezes & mostly fair weather. The Commodore asked how many Tons of water we had, how much we used for day & how many people we had. Answered 70 tons, 150 gallons for day & 199 people. Weather too unsettled to perform Divine Service. Lat 6.3N 21.52W.

Monday 30th July 1810.
C&D S44W65. ??? variable winds with squally weather & rain. People employed working up junk. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top Gallant Sail. Lat 5.9N Long 22.38S.

[Page 41:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madiera

Tuesday 31st July 1810.
C&D S50W 93. Fresh breezes & fine weather. People employed under the Boatswain working up junk. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best fore Top Gallant Sail AM The Commodore made Signal he recommended economy in water. Lat 4.17N Long 23.57W.

Wednesday 1st August 1810.
C&D S50W 94. Moderate winds & fine weather, AM Washed between decks. Sailmaker repairing te 3nd best Fore Top Sail. Soldiers picking Oakum. Lat 3.29N Long 25.15W.

[Page 42:]
Towards Bengall

Thursday 2nd August 1810.
C&D S55W 97. Moderate breezes & pleasant weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Soldiers picking Oakum. Condemned the worst Main Top Gallant Sail. Lat 2.23N Long 26.35W.

Friday 3rd August 1810.
C&D S60W 93. A moderate Trade & fine weather. AM Roused the Bower Cable up to take the Service off them & air them. Sailmaker repairing the Main Top Gallant Stay Sail. Lat 1.31N Long 27.56W.

[Page 43:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Saturday 4th August 1810.
C&D S45W 106. A fresh Trade and fine weather. PM confined Pate McClure Recruit for using Mutinous expressions & threatening to take the life of someone belonging to the ship. AM Punished Pate McClure with 2 dozen lashes & also Bernard McIntire for drunkenness. Washed between decks. Lat 0.26N Long 29.11W.

Sunday 5th August 1810.
C&D S36W 80. Variable winds & squally weather with rain at times. Weather too unsettled to perform Divine Service. Lat 0.35S Long 29.58W.

[Crossed Equator]

[Page 44:]
Towards Bengal

Monday 6th August 1810.
C&D S27E 71. Light winds variable with squally weather during the first part. People working up junk. Lat 0.39S Long 29.50W.

Tuesday 7th August 1810.
C&D S15W 74. Variable & rain during the first part latterly pleasant breezes & fair weather. PM Performed the Usual Ceremony at Crossing the Line. AM Roused all our sails up on deck to air, made them up afresh & paid them down again. Lat 1.50S Long 28.24W.

[Page 45:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Wednesday 8th August 1810.
C&D S38W 94. A fresh Trade & mostly fair weather. People working up junk. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker repairing the Mizen Top Sail. Washed between decks. Lat 3.5S Long 31.7W.

Thursday 9th August 1810.
C&D S45W 100. Fresh breezes & mostly fair weather. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Royal. Armourer at the Forge. Soldiers picking Oakum. Shifted the Tiller Ropes with the new ones. Lat 4.24S 30.35W.

[Page 46:]
Towards Bengal

Friday 10th August 1810.
C&D S45W 117. Fresh breezes & cloudy weather. PM set up the Main Top Mast & Top Gallant rigging. Split the fore Top Gallant Sail. Shifted it with the 2nd best. AM Set up the Fore Top Mast & Top Gallant rigging Mizen Top Mast rigging. People variously employed. Lat 5.52S Long 31.58W.

Saturday 11th August 1810.
C&D S50W 120. A moderate Trade & fair weather. Sailmaker on the old Fore Top Gallant Sail. Pumped ship 13 inches. AM Washed between decks. At 11am Saw the Coast of America bearing from SW to NW dist 12 or 13 Leagues. Lat 7.10S Long 33.30 W.

[Page 47:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Sunday 12th August 1810.
C&D N64E 29. First part pleasant breezes – latterly squally weather. At 6pm saw the land bearing WbN½N. Saw a strange sail to the SW standing to the southward. AM Weather too unsettled to perform Divine Service. Lat 6.58S Long 33.4W.

Monday 13th August 1810.
C&D S10E 20. Fresh winds & squally weather, a heavy swell from the southward. At daylight found the Batavia missing from the Fleet. PM shifted the Main Top Gallant Sail with a new one - and Jibb with another. Lat 7.18S Long 32.59W.

[Page 48:]
Towards Bengal

Tuesday 14th August 1810.
C&D S38E 20. Fresh breezes & fair weather for the most part. At half past 5pm saw the Batavia bearing NNW – Bore down to join the Batavia. People employed working up junk. Sailmaker repairing the worst Fore Top Gallant Sail Lat 7.24S Long 32.47W.

Wednesday 15th August 1810>
C&D S22W 100. Fresh breezes with squalls & rain at times. At daylight Batavia courses down to Leeward. People employed working up junk. Bore up to the Batavia. Sailmaker as before. Condemned the worst Jibb. Washed between decks. Lat 8.31S Long 33.24W.

[Page 49:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Thursday 16th August 1810.
C&D S22W 77. Variable winds with squalls & rain at times. At 4 the Commodore made Signal for Land bearing WNW. Sailmaker repairing the Fore Top Gallant Sail. People working up junk. Armourer at the Forge. Lat 9.40S Long 33.53W.

Friday 17th August 1810.
C&D S5W 93. A fresh Trade & mostly fair weather. People working up junk. Sailmaker repairing the worst Middle Stay Sail & Fore Top Gallant Sail. Shifted the Main Top Gallant Sail with the best. Lat 10.47S Long 34.1W.

[Page 50:]
Towards Bengal

Saturday 18th August 1810.
C&D S11W 106. Light winds & fine weather throughout. Sailmaker as per days past. People working up junk. Washed between decks & exercised great Guns & small arms. AM shifted the Fore Top Sail with the 2nd best. Lat 12.23S Long 34.21W.

Sunday 19th August 1810.
C&D S5E 108. Moderate winds cloudy weather. AM Performed Divine Service. Lat 14.13S 34.12W.

[Page 51:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Monday 20th August 1810.
C&D S7E 118. A moderate Trade & fine weather. People employed under the Boatswain working up junk. Sailmaker repairing the worst Fore Top Sail. Lat 16.16S Long 33.57W.

Tuesday 21st August 1810.
C&D S18E 118. Pleasant breezes & fine weather. People employed under the Boatswain & Sailmaker as yesterday. Carpenter making a Fore Top Mast steering Sail Boom. Soldiers picking Oakum. Lat 18.18S Long 33.19W

[Page 52:]
Towards Bengal

Wednesday 22nd August 1810.
C&D S30E 89. Light winds & fine weather. Washed between decks. Carpenter as yesterday. Soldiers picking Oakum. Lat 18.33S Long 32.32W.

Thursday 23rd August 1810.
C&D S45E 106. Moderate breezes & fine weather. PM shifted the Fore Top Mast Stay with the 2nd best. Carpenter making a slide & Gunter Mast. Other Tradesmen as before. Condemned the Fore Top Mast Stay Sails. Lat 20.48S Long 31.12W.

[Page 53:]
Ship Lord Keith from England

Friday 24th Aug 1810.
C&D ---- Fresh winds & pleasant weather. AM Set the Bobstays up. Stayed the Masts & Set the rigging up Fore & Aft. Swayed the fore Yard up. At daylight the Hebe hull down astern. Lat 22.20S Long 29.33W.

Saturday 25th August 1810.
C&D S43E 112. Pleasant breezes during the 1st part latterly variable & rain. Cleaned between decks. Lat 23.42W Long 28.10W.

[Page 54:]
Towards Bengal

Sunday 26th August 1810.
C&D N80E 56. Light winds variable with much rain & thick weather. At daylight the Commodore & the body of the Fleet were about 6 miles to windward of us. Wore at half past 11 in hopes of joining the Commodore as we could not see him from the thickness of the weather. Lat 23.32S Long 27.10W.

Monday 27th Aug 1810.
C&D S66E 65. Variable and rain during the first part latterly pleasant breezes & fair. At 2pm the Commodore made our Signal 115 & Spencer 114 & for Telegraph [lights or mirrors] for divisions to sail from 1 to 3 miles as under according to the weather & to follow each other 1 mile dist more or less. One Signal 200. AM shifted the Main Sail, Main Top Sail & Fore Sail with the 2nd best. Lat 23.58 S Long 26.6W.

[Page 55:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Tuesday 28th August 1810.
C&D S70E 70. A light breeze & pleasant weather. PM shifted the Mizen top Sail with a new one, Mizen Stay Sail with the 2nd best & Main Topmast Stay Sail with the best & Fore Top Gallant Sail with the 2nd best. Sailmaker taking 4 feet off the After ---- of the new Small Jibb, it not fitting. Lat 23.57S Long 24.54W.

Wednesday 29th August 1810.
C&D East 90. Light winds & fair weather. AM Washed between decks. People employed under the Boatswain. Armourer at the Forge. Condemned the old Main Stay Sail to repair the Fore Top Sail. Lat 23.43S Long 23.15W.

[Page 56:]
Towards Bengal

Thursday 30th August 1810.
C&D East 55. Moderate winds & fine weather. People employed working up junk. Sailmaker on the Fore Top Sail. Armourer at the Forge. Carpenter making Slide & Gunter Royal Masts. Soldiers picking Oakum. Lat 23.30S Long 22.25W.

Friday 31st August 1810.
C&D S15W 73. Light winds & cloudy weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Carpenter as yesterday. AM Shifted the Tiller Ropes with the hevier[sic] ones. Lat 24.38S Long 22.36W.

[Page 57:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Saturday 1st September 1810.
Moderate winds & fine weather. People employed under ye boatswain. Sailmaker as per days past. Washed between decks & exercised Great Guns & small arms. Lat 26.33S Long 21.42W.

Sunday 2nd September 1810.
C&D S80E 95. Variable winds & squally weather at times. At daylight the Batavia, Tyne & Hebe hull down astern leeward. Weather too unsettled to admit of Divine Service. Edged away to join the ships to leeward. Lat 26.4S Long 19.56W.

[Page 58:]
Towards Bengal

Monday 3rd September 1810.
C&D N70E 86. Fresh breezes with squalls at times & a heavy swell from the southward. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top Sail. Unbent the Driver & bent the Mizen. Lat 26.8S Long 18.26W.

Tuesday 4th September 1810.
C&D S-W 74. Moderate winds & cloudy weather. People variously employed. AM Punished Wm Stanton Seaman with 1 dozen lashes for theft, also Michael Murray Recruit with dozen for the same offence & threatening to stab the Sergeant & taking a light below contrary to orders. And punished Walter Clyde also with 1 dozen for theft. Lat 27.8S Long 19.18W.

[Page 59:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Wednesday 5th September 1810.
C&D S26E 64. Variable light airs during the first part latterly a pleasant breeze. People under the Boatswain. Sailmaker on the Fore Top Sail. Washed between decks. Lat 28.0S Long 18.45W.

Thursday 6th September 1810.
C&D S20E 170. Fresh breezes & hazy weather. People employed working up junk . Sailmaker repairing the worst Mizen Top Sail. Armourer at the Forge. Carpenter making a Mizen Top Gallant Mast. Lat 30.32S Long 17.39W.

[Page 60:]
Towards Bengal

Friday 7th September 1810.
C&D S40E 68. Variable winds & unsettled weather throughout. Watch as requisite. At daylight shortened sail for the Tyne she being hull down astern. Lat 31.22S Long 16.48W.

Saturday 8th September 1810.
C&D S62E 133. Fresh breezes & squally weather during the middle part. People employed working up junk. Washed between decks. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top Sail. Down Mizen Top Gallant Yard. Lat 31.48S Long 14.33W.

[Page 61:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Sunday 9th September 1810.
C&D S70E 100. Moderate winds with a heavy swell from the southward. Weather too unsettled to perform Divine Service. Lat 32.17S long 12.42W.

Monday 10th September 1810.
C&D S54E 100. Light winds & cloudy weather. At daylight the Batavia Top Sails down astern from the Tops. Set the Top Mast & Top Gallant Backstays & Fore Top Gallant rigging. Condemned the worst fore Sail. Lat 33.10S Long 11.6W.

[Page 62:]
Towards Bengal.

Tuesday 11th September 1810.
C&D S84E 60. Light winds variable & cloudy weather. People working up junk. Armourer at the Forge. Carpenter making a short M—Top Gallant Mast. Sailmaker repairing the Fore Mast Top Sail. Shifted the Fore Top Gallant Sail with the best. Lat 33.5S Long 9.52W.

Wednesday 12th September 1810.
C&D N56E 44. Light variable cloudy weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Carpenter as yesterday. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker as before. Washed between decks. Lat 32.31S Long 9.10W.

[Page 63:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Thursday 13th September 1810.
C&D S60E 30. Light winds variable & cloudy weather. People employed under the Boatswain & filling salt water to trim the ship by the head. Other Tradesmen as for days past. At daybreak the Batavia hull down to the westward, Lat 32.43S Long 8.39W.

Friday 14th September 1810.
C&D S42E 112. Moderate breezes & fair weather. People employed drawing & knotting yarns. Sailmaker & other Tradesmen as before. Lat 33.54S Long 7.10W.

[Page 64:]
Towards Bengal

Saturday 15th September 1810.
C&D S62E 130. People employed working up junk. Sailmaker on the Main Top Sail. Washed between decks. Lat 35.1S Long 4.54W.

Sunday 16th September 1810.
C&D S6E 173. Fresh breezes with a heavy sea from the northward during the latter part. Hove to for the Tyne, made sail. At noon down Fore & Mizen Top Gallant Yards & struck the Mizen Top Gallant Mast. The Marine Barometer has fallen rapidly during the latter part. Lat 36.38S Long 1.48W.

[Page 65:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Monday 17th September 1810.
C&D S82E 162. Fresh gales with squally weather & very confused sea during the latter part. At noon the Commodore made [various] Telegraphs. At daylight the Tyne not in sight. Hove to for the Tyne just in sight from the masthead astern. Made sail. Lat 37.7S Long 1.32E.

Tuesday 18th September 1810.
C&D S80E 80. Fresh breezes during the first part latterly variable & squally with cloudy weather. People variously employed. Sailmaker repairing the worst Main Top Sail. Lat 37.18S Long 3.11E.

[Page 66:]
Towards Bengal

Wednesday 19th September 1810.
C&D N76E 76. Variable winds during the 1st part Middle part hard gales with squalls & rain. Split the Fore Top Sail. Latter more moderate. Bent the new Main & Fore Top Sail. Sailmaker as yesterday. At daylight the Fleet much dispersed. Set the Mizen Top Sail. Lat 36.56S Long 4.44E.

Thursday 20th September 1810.
C&D N52E 86. Variable light winds & cloudy weather. People employed drawing & knotting yarns. Cleaned between decks. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore Top Sail. Lat 36.1S Long 6.9E.

[Page 67:]
Lord Keith from Madeira

Friday 21st September 1810.
S&D S14E 46. Light airs variable & cloudy weather. People employed drawing & knotting yarn. Sailmaker as yesterday. Armourer at the Forge. Lat 36.47S Long 6.23E.

Saturday 22nd September 1810.
C&D S56E 34. Light variable & cloudy weather. AM washed between decks. Sailmaker as before. Armourer at the Forge. Lat 36.45S Long 6.58E.

[Page 68:]
Towards Bengal

Sunday 23rd September 1810.
C&D S73E 65. Light airs for the most part & cloudy weather. Weather too unsettled to admit of Divine Service. Lat 37.4S Long 8.16E.

Monday 24th September 1810.
C&D S60E 135. Moderate winds & cloudy weather. Shortened sail for the Batavia. Moderate winds & cloudy weather. Watch working up junk. The Marine Barometer continued to fall till the wind chopped round to the SW when it immediately commenced rising. I observed it continues at the highest when the wind is from S to E & falls from E to N &NW. Lat 37.30S Long 11.36E.

[Page 69:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Tuesday 2th September 1810.
C&D S86E 93. Variable light winds & fine weather. People employed working up junk. Shortened sail for the Tyne. Made sail. Sailmaker on the 2nd best Fore Top Sail. Up Mizen Top Gallant Mast & Yard. Lat 37.37S Long 13.16E.

Wednesday 2th September 1810.
C&D S72E 147. Pleasant breezes & fine weather. People working up junk. Hove to for the Tyne & Batavia. Sailmaker as yesterday. Washed between decks. Lat 38.20S Long 15.59E.

[Page 70:]
Towards Bengal

Thursday 27th September 1810.
C&D N85E 150. Fresh winds & cloudy weather. Hove to for Tyne. Watch employed under the Boatswain. At daylight the Batavia, Tyne & Monarch not in sight. Hove to for ships astern. At 10 they joined us. Lat 38.7S Long 19.8E.

Friday 28th September 1810 C&D N60E 76. Variable winds with squalls at times. Kept a good lookout for the Telemaques Shoal. Sounded no ground at 100 fms. Sailmaker repairing the worst Fore Sail. Lat 37.30S Long 20.32E.

[Page 71:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Saturday 29th September 1810.
C&D East 160. Fresh breezes with squally weather & rain at times. Scraped & cleaned between decks. Kept a good lookout for the Telemaque Shoal. Lat 37.30S Long 23.53E.

Sunday 30th September 1810.
C&D S84E 123. Light winds & fine weather. Weather too unsettled to admit Divine Service. Lat 37.43S Long 26.27E.

[Page 72:]
Towards Bengal

Monday 1st October 1810.
C&D S24E 106. Pleasant breezes during the first part. Middle variable & rain – latterly light winds & fair weather. Lightning & thunder. Hove to for ships astern Sailmaker repairing the worst Fore Sail. Lat 38.2S Long 28.37E.

Tuesday 2nd October 1810.
C&D S80E 65. Light variable winds & cloudy weather. People variously employed. Sailmaker as before. AM Punished Andrew Rily recruit with 18 lashes & Michael Colbere with 1 dozen for theft & John Brennor with 1 dozen for fighting. Lat 38.9S Long 29.58E.

[Page 73:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Wednesday 3rd October 1810.
C&D S82E 129. Variable winds & cloudy weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker as before. Washed between decks. Lat 38.16S Long 32.39E.

Thursday 4th October 1810.
C&D S84E 112. First part fresh breezes latterly inclinable to calm. People employed under the Boatswain. At daylight the Batavia just in sight from the masthead. Lat 38.29S Long 34E.

[Page 74:]
Towards Bengal

Friday 5th October 1810.
C&D S51E 28. Light airs variable & fine weather. People variously employed. Sailmaker as per days past. At 8 lowered the Cutter down & sent her on board the Commodore. Lat 38.37S Long 34.28E.

Saturday 6th October 1810.
C&D S76E 130. Moderate breezes & fine weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker on the worst Fore Sail. Washed between decks. Lat 39.3S Long 37.10E.

[Page 75:]
Ship lord Keith from Madeira

Sunday 7th October 1810.
C&D S70E 118. Pleasant breezes & fine weather. Hove to for the Tyne & Batavia. Weather too unsettled to perform Divine Service. Lat 39.43S Long 39.53E.

Monday 8th October 1810.
C&D S80E 126. Moderate winds & hazy weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Filled some salt water to trim the ship. Sailmaker on the old Fore Sail. PM a boat came from the Commodore with our Stilt which they repaired for us. Lat 40.8S Long 42.18E.

[Page 76:]
Towards Bengal

Tuesday 9th October 1810.
C&D S62E 163. Fresh breezes & hazy weather for the most part. People employed repairing the Boarding Nettings. Filled some salt water. Lat 40.30S Long 45.50E.

Wednesday 10th October 1810.
C&D S84E 150. Moderate winds & hazy weather. People employed under the Boatswain. AM washed between decks. Lat 40.14S Long 49.7E.

[Page 77:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Thursday 11th October 1810.
C&D N80E 131. Moderate winds & cloudy weather. People employed overhauling our boarding Nettings. Hove to for ships astern. Sailmaker repairing the old Driver. Lat 39.54S Long 51.55E.

Friday 12th October 1810.
C&D N80E 77. Light variable & cold weather. Some hands overhauling our boarding Nettings. Roused all our sails up to air. At 11pm Departed this life Burrah Boxee (Lascar) at 10am committed the body of the deceased to the deep. Lat 39.28S Long 53.28E.

[Page 78:]
Towards Bengal

Saturday 13th October 1810.
C&D N85E 122. Moderate winds & cloudy weather. People drawing & knotting yarns. Sailmaker repairing the worst Mizen Top Sail. Washed between decks. Lat 39.6S 55.53E.

Sunday 14th October 1810.
C&D N80E 144. Variable winds with thick weather & rain. Carried away the Dolphin Strikers. SbW Taken aback, thickening weather. Lat 38.41S Long 58.56E.

[Page 79:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Monday 15th October 1810.
C&D N45E 114. Fresh breezes & squally during the first part, latterly more moderate. People employed under the Boatswain & filling water to trim ship. Carpenter making a Dolphin Striker. Lat 37.20S 60.34E.

Tuesday 16th October 1810.
C&D N16E 50. Light variable winds & cloudy weather. Hove to – Calm. Filled some salt water to trim the ship by the head. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd worst Mizen Top Sail. Lat 36.50S Long 60.50E.

[Page 80:]
Towards Bengal

Wednesday 17th October 1810.
C&D S82E 130. Light winds variable & fine weather. Sailmaker on the old Mizen Top Sail. AM Set the Top Mast & Top Gallant rigging up. Washed between decks. Lat 37.6S Long 63.38E.

Thursday 18th October 1810.
C&D N78E 116. Light winds & fair weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Hove to for stern most ships. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker repairing the old fore Top Gallant Sail. Lat 36.35S Long 66.0E.

[Page 81:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Friday 19th October 1810.
C&D N80E 70. Moderate breezes during the first part, latterly freshening & cloudy weather. People variously employed. At 9am split the jibb unbent it & bent the worst. Sailmaker repairing the Jibb. Lat 36.23S Long 67.25E.

Saturday 20th Oct 1810.
C&D S81E 147. Fresh winds & fine weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top Gallant Sail. Washed between decks. Lat 36.40S Long 70.27E.

[Page 82:]
Towards Bengal

Sunday 21st October 1810.
C&D N84E 187. Fresh winds with much rain during the latter part. Weather too unsettled to admit of Divine Service. Lat 36.28S Long 74.17E.

Monday 22nd October 1810.
C&D N66E 150. Fresh breezes during the first part with rain, latter variable & rain. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker on the old Fore Top Gallant Sail. Lat 35.27S Long 77.78E.

[Page 83:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Tuesday 23rd October 1810.
C&D N68E 49. Light airs & clear weather throughout. Shifted the fore Sail & Mizen Top Sail with the worst also unbent the Mizen & bent the Driver. The Batavia parted company for Ceylon. Lat 35.9S Long 78.2E.

Wednesday 24th October 1810.
C&D East 105. First part light airs variable. Latterly a fresh breeze & cloudy weather. Washed between decks. Lat 35.9S long 30.10E.

[Page 84:]
Towards Bengal

Thursday 25th October 1810.
C&D N60E 118. Fresh winds & hazy weather. Sailmaker repairing the Main Royal. At noon the Fleet much dispersed. Tyne not in sight from the Masthead. Bore down & spoke to the Commodore. Lat 34.9S Long 82.15E.

Friday 26th Oct 1810.
C&D N46E 123. Fresh breezes & hazy weather. People employed under the boatswain & filling salt water to trim ship. Sailmaker repairing the boats coverings. Lat 32.35S Long 83.59E.

[Page 85:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Saturday 27th October 1810.
C&D N40E 105. Fresh breezes & squally weather during the first part. Latterly moderate & fair. People variously employed. Washed between decks. Commodore made the Signal to insert the Officer’s name of the Watch. Lat 31.52S Long 85.35E.

Sunday 28th October 1810.
C&D N6E 163. A moderate breeze & fine weather. Weather too unsettled to perform Divine Service. Lat 29.11S Long 85.55E.

[Page 86:]
Towards Bengal

Monday 29th October 1810.
C&D N 143. Light winds & pleasant weather. AM shifted the Main & Fore Topsails & Main & Fore Top Gallant Sails with the old ones. Repeated Signal 47 to the Larkins & 47 to the Earl Spencer. Lat 27.4S 85.55E.

Tuesday 30th October 1810.
C&D N 113. A moderate Trade & cloudy. Got the Flying Jibb boom out & bent the Sail also the Royal Stay Sail. Commodore made Signal we could not distinguish. Hove to & made sail. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top Mast Stay Sail. Repeated Signal 47 to the Larkins & 47 to the Earl Spencer. Armourer at the Forge. Lat 25.26S Long 85.55E.

[Page 87:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Wednesday 31st October 1810.
C&D N 93. A light Trade & fine weather. Washed between decks. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker as yesterday. Soldiers picking Oakum. Under very easy sail & hove to for some time looking out for the Tyne to no purpose. Repeated Signal to the Monarch. Lat 23.55S Long 85.54E.

Thursday 1st November 1810.
C&D N5W 114. Looking out for missing ship. Pleasant breezes & fine weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker altering the best Fore Top Gallant Sail. Soldiers picking Oakum. Shifted the Jibb with ye large one. Repeated Signal 47 to the Earl Spencer & Larkins. Lat 22.12S Long 85.44E.

[Page 88:]
Towards Bengal

Friday 2nd November 1810.
C&D N 174. A fresh Trade & mostly fine weather. PM shifted the Main Top Mast Stay Sail with the worst. People employed drawing & knotting yarns. Sailmaker altering the Fore Top Gallant Sail. Lat 19.30S Long 85.44E.

Saturday 3rd November 1810.
C&D N 170. A fresh Trade & pleasant weather. People employed making small tope. Sailmaker of the best Fore Top Gallant Sail. Soldiers picking Oakum. Washed between decks. Lat 16.48S Long 85.44E.

[Page 89:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Sunday 4th November 1810.
C&D N5W 151. A moderate Trade fine weather. AM Performed Divine Service. Signal to the Larkins. Lat 14.23S Long 85.30E.

Monday 5th November 1810.
C&D N2W 130. A decreasing Trade & sultry weather throughout. Carpenter caulking the Waterway Seams on the upper deck. Sailmaker altering the best Fore Top Gallant Sail. Soldiers picking Oakum. Lat 12.7S Long 85.2E.

[Page 90:]
Towards Bengal

Tuesday 6th November 1810.
C&D N2W 135. A moderate Trade & sultry weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker & Carpenter as yesterday. Lat 9.46S Long 85.28E.

Wednesday 7th November 1810.
C&D N5W 146. Fresh winds & cloudy weather with squalls & rain at times. Washed between decks. Squally & rain. Signal to Hebe. Lat 7.29S Long 85.7E.

[Page 91:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Thursday 8th November 1810
C&D N10W 120. Fresh breezes during the first part latterly variable squally & rain. At daylight the Monarch missing. The Commodore continued to fire a Gun every Quarter of an hour till noon. At 4am split the Main Top Gallant Sail. Shifted it with the 2nd best. Lat 5.25S Long 84.46E.

Friday 9th November 1810.
C&D N24E 70. Variable winds & rain during the first part latterly pleasant breezes & fair. Caulkers caulking the Orlop Deck. Armourer at the Forge. Commodore made signal per Telegraph to refer to Page 61 Instructions in case of Thick Weather when the Commodore is not in sight. Lat 4.15S Long 85.3E.

[Page 92:]
Towards Bengal

Saturday 10th November 1810.
C&D N30E 112. Moderate winds for the most part & sultry weather. Washed between decks. Pumped ship 12 inches. Sailmaker altering the new Mizen Top Gallant Sail. Lat 3.12S Long 85.59E.

Sunday 11th November 1810.
C&D N28E 57. Light winds & sultry weather. Lat 2.22S Long 86.26E.

[Page 93:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Monday 12th November 1810.
C&D N30W 62. Light winds & sultry weather. Some hands making rope. Sailmaker altering the new Main Royal & Mizen Top Gallant Sail. Carpenter caulking the waterway seams on the Upper Deck. Lat 1.34S Long 85.55E.

Tuesday 13th November 1810.
C&D N24W 81. Light winds & sultry weather throughout. People employed under the Boatswain making rope. Caulker caulking the waterway seams in the Waist. Armourer at the Forge. Signal 219 to Spencer & Larkins. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 0.23S Long 85.22E.

[Page 94:]
Towards Bengal

Wednesday 14th November 1810.
C&D N30W 63. Light winds with sultry & hazy weather. People employed making rope. Carpenter as yesterday. Washed between decks. Swayed the Main Yard up. Lat 0.44N Long 84.51E.

Thursday 15th November 1810.
C&D -- Variable with much rain during the middle part. Hove to for the
Hebe. People employed under the Boatswain. Caulker caulking the Orlop Deck. Commodore fired a Gun. Lat – Long -.

[Page 95:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Friday 16th November 1810.
C&D N12W 71. Moderate breezes for the most part & cloudy weather. Sailmaker repairing the Middle Stay Sail. Gunner painting the sides. Armourer at the Forge. Caulker caulking the Waterway Seams in the Waist. Lat 3.25N Long 84.13E.

Saturday 17th November 1810.
C&D N11E 92. Variable winds with much rain. Saw a Strange Sail from the Masthead bearing N-. Washed between decks. At noon the Stranger NW from the deck. Lat 4.55N 84.38E.

[Page 96:]
Towards Bengal

Sunday 18th November 1810.
C&D N72E 62. Light variable winds & cloudy weather. Commodore in chase. At 4pm the Stranger shewed English Colours. She proved to be HM Ship Sir Francis Drake. Squally & rain,
taken aback. Hove to with the Stranger. Made sail. Weather too unsettled to perform Divine Service. Lat 6.11N Long 84.44E.

Monday 19th November 1810.
C&D N33E 30. Light winds variable & calm with much rain. Shifted the Fore top Gallant Sail with the 2nd best. Lat 6.36N Long 85E.

[Page 97:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Tuesday 20th November 1810.
C&D N18E 116. Fresh breezes for the most part & squally weather. At 3pm saw Strange Sail to the NE made the signal. At sunset the Stranger bore ESE. Lat 8.26N Long 85.36E.

Wednesday 21st November 1810.
C&D N21W 36. Fresh winds & cloudy weather. Commodore in chase. At daylight found the Stranger to be the Tyne. Washed between decks. Gunner painting the sides. At noon the Land bearing from the Masthead from E to ENE which we take to be ye North Centinel [North Sentinel Island is one of the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal]. Lat 11.28N Long 85.12E.

[Page 98:]
Towards Bengal

Thursday 22nd November 1810.
C&D N 140. Fresh winds & cloudy weather. People employed under the Boatswain making rope & filling salt water. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top Gallant Sail. Gunner painting the sides. At noon the Commodore took the Tyne in tow. Lat 13.57N Long 85.12E.

Friday 23rd November 1810.
C&D N7W 150. A pleasant breeze & fine weather. Employed Trimming the ship by the Head. Gunner painting the Cutter. Caulker caulking the Waterways on the Upper Deck. Lat 16.35N Long 84.54E.

[Page 99:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Saturday 24th November 1810.
C&D --. People employed turning in the Deck Stoppers & Tradesmen as yesterday. Bent the Bower Cables. Commodore cast off the Tyne. Washed between decks. Commodore took back the Tyne in tow. Lat – Long --. Dist 97 miles.

Sunday 25th November 1810.
C&D --Light breezes throughout with fair weather. Weather too unsettled to perform Divine Service. At 6am saw Strange Sail bearing NE. At 10am the Stranger from the deck NEbN. At noon the Stranger bore NNE. Another Stranger in sight from the Main Top bearing NEbE. Larkins took ye Tyne in tow. Lat – Long --. Dist 66 miles.

[Page 100:]
Towards Bengal

Monday 26th November 1810.
C&D --. The Stranger is the Monarch, the other Stranger hoisted English Colours. A moderate Trade & pleasant weather. People employed under the Boatswain making rope. Sailmaker reducing a new Jibb & Flying Jibb. Carpenter caulking the Yawl. Gunner painting the masts & Soldiers picking Oakum. At noon a Stranger in sight bearing NWbN. Commodore took Monarch in tow. Lat-- Long --. Dist 109 miles.

Tuesday 27th November 1810.
Light variable winds with pleasant weather throughout. People employed under the Boatswain caulking the Long Boat . Gunner painting the Yawl. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker as yesterday. Kept away to join the Commodore. At daylight several Strangers in sight. At noon 2 Strange Brigs in sight from the deck. Lat -- Long --. Dist 90 miles.

[Page 101:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Wednesday 28th November 1810.
C&D --. Light airs throughout & fine weather. Employed working up junk & tradesmen as most useful. Washed the middle deck. Lat – Long --. Dist 61 miles.

Thursday 29th November 1810.
C&D -. Variable light airs with fine weather throughout. Variable taken aback. Commodore fired 2 Guns. People employed under the Boatswain blacking the Bends. At 4pm the Spencer bore NW½W. Lat – Long --. Dist 41.4 miles.

[Page 102:]
Towards Bengal

Friday 30th November 1810.
C&D --. Light airs variable & fine weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Main Top Mast Stay Sail. Tradesmen as yesterday. Lat – Long --. Dist 34 miles.

Saturday 1st December 1810.
C&D --. In the first part Calm, middle & latter parts light variable breezes with pleasant weather throughout. People employed under the Boatswain working up junk & Carpenter caulking the Orlop Deck. Sailmaker as yesterday. Armourer at the Forge. Soldiers picking Oakum. At 10pm anchored with the Kedge in 64 fms. At 5am departed this life Secallie Tyndall & at 9 Committed his body to the Deep. The Larkins not in sight. Washed between decks. Lat – Long – Dist 47 miles.

[Page 103:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira

Sunday 2nd December 1810.
C&D --. Light airs & Calms throughout with fair weather. At 1pm came to with the Kedge in 67fms. At 9am weighed with a light breeze at SE. At 10 falling calm let go the Kedge in 60fms. At 8am weighed with a light breeze at SW. Variable wind throughout prevents Divine Service. Lat – Long --. Dist 9 miles.

Monday 3rd December 1810.
Light & variable winds & mostly fair weather. . Employed as necessary. At 8am an officer from HM Ship Leda came on board & pressed the following men: John White; John Midford; Wm. Matson; Thos. Davies; Jas. Steward; Michl Sullivan; Edwd Elliot; Chas. Carruthers. At 6am saw a Strange Sail bearing NEbN. Made Signal for Do... At 10 another Stranger bearing NEbN. Lat – Long --. Dist 75 miles.

[Page 104:]
Towards Bengal

Tuesday 4th December 1810.
C&D --. Variable winds. First part cloudy, middle & later parts fair. At 2pm anchored with the Kedge in 13fms. At 4 weighed & made sail. At 8pm anchored with the Kedge in 10½fms. At 9pm weighed & made sail with a light breeze from the SW. At 4am came to in 13¼fms. At 9.30am weighed & made sail – Employed as necessary. At half past 11am saw light house Point bearing NNW, dist about 9 miles. Lat – Long --. Dist 41 miles.

Wednesday 5th December 1810.
C&D --. First part light variable winds. Middle & latter moderate breezes & fair throughout. At 9pm anchored in 8½fms with the small Bower. At noon weighed & made sail. Lat – Long --. Dist -.

[Page 105:]
Ship Lord Keith from Madeira.

Thursday 6th December 1810.
C&D --. Light winds variable fine weather. Employed as necessary. Two strangers in sight bearing ESE & NbE. At 7am the Stranger bearing ESE standing towards. Made Signal 2 & cleared for action. At half past 8 the Stranger hoisted her pendants – The Tyne. Anchored with the small Bower in 10½fms. Lat – Long --. Dist 17 miles.

Friday 7th December 1810.
First & middle parts light airs & Calms. Latter a light breeze & fair. Earl Spencer, Tyne, Penang Packet & Cuthbert Thornhill in Company. Weighed & made sail. Hove to for a Pilot Schooner. Lat – Long --. Dist 24.4 miles.

[Page 106:]
Towards Bengal

At 3pm crossed Saugor Sand & at 4pm saw the Reef Buoy bearing WNW. At half past 8 anchored with the small Bower in 16fms. This log contains 36 hours & ends at midnight to regulate the Harbour Log.

[end of Sea Log]

[start of Harbour Journal]

Saturday 8th December.
Light Northerly winds & fine weather, At daylight saw Saugor Island bearing at N to NE. weighed & made sail worked up in sight of the Lower Buoy of Thornhills Channel. At a quarter before 10 anchored with the small Bower in 5½fms. Lat’d Obs’d 21.26N. At 3pm weighed & made sail & at half past 8 anchored with the best Bower in ¼ less 6fms. The Lower Buoy of Thornhills Channel bearing S. Saugor Island NEbN. Dist about --.

Sunday 9th.
Light airs Northerly & fine weather. At daylight weighed & worked up above the Gasper Sand, at 10am anchored in 6fms. The upper Buoy bearing SSE. At 3pm weighed & worked up to the lower part of Saugor Roads. At 11pm anchored in 10fms. Kedgeree Lighthouse bearing NW½W.

Monday 10th.
Light breezes from the Northward & fine weather. At daylight weighed & made sail, worked up to Cacacally Buoy, anchored in ¼ less 6fms. The Buoy bearing SE. At 7pm weighed & Kedged up to Kedgeree Roads. At –pm anchored in 6½fms. The Buoy bearing WNW.

Tuesday 11th.
Moderate breeze at NW & fine weather. At 6am Weighed & crossed Mud Point Flat, least water 4¼fms. At half past noon anchored in 6fms. Culpee Pagoda bearing NE. PM Employed cleaning ship & otherwise as necessary. PM Sent John Johnstone (Butcher) to Diamond Harbour for Bullocks, when returning to the ship he unfortunately fell over the Gunwall of the Row Boat & tho’ every exertion was used he was seen no more.

Wednesday 12th.
Moderate breezes at NW & hazy weather. At daylight Mr Andrew McDonald (Master) relieved Mr Jones (Branch Pilot). At half past 8am weighed & worked up to Diamond Harbour. At noon anchored in 7¼fms. PM employed starting Salt water & trimming ship upon an even keel. Carpenter on the middle deck.

Thursday 13th.
Light variable & hot sultry weather. At 10am weighed worked up above the James & Mary Sand & anchored at 1pm in Domingo hole in 8fms. At 10pm not thinking our Birth [berth] safe kedged up to Futtah Point & anchored in 7fms. Carpenter as yesterday.

[Page 107:]
Friday 14th December.
Light westerly winds for the most part & fine weather. At 11am weighed & Kedged up to Hog River anchored in 9fms. Carpenter as before.

Saturday 15th.
Light winds from the northward and fine weather. At noon weighed & Kedged up to the upper part of Ryapore Reach. Anchored at 4pm in ¼ less 8fms. AM Captain Campbell left the ship. Washed decks above & below. Carpenter as per days past.

Sunday 16th.
Moderate breezes at NE & cloudy weather. At 1pm weighed & Kedged up . At 5pm anchored off Point Jelly in ¼ less 6fms.

Monday 17th.
Light breezes at North Easterly & fine weather. Employed making Spun Yarn otherwise as most necessary. At half past 1pm weighed & Kedged up to Pier Serang Reach, anchored in 7fms. Carpenter caulking the middle deck.

Tuesday 18th.
Moderate breezes at NE & cloudy weather. At daylight weighed but finding we gained nothing brought up again in ¼ less 7fms. At half past 2pm weighed & worked up just above Melancholly Point. At half past 5 anchored in 9fms. Carpenter as yesterday.

Wednesday 19th.
First part moderate breezes at NE latter a fresh breeze at NbE with rain at times. Wind too strong to get under weigh. Employed variously under the Boatswain. Carpenter as before – other Tradesmen usefully employed.

Thursday 20th.
First part fresh breezes at Northward – Latter more moderate prevented getting under weigh. The Tide not serving & wind being too fresh. Washed the middle deck. Carpenter as before. Sailmaker repairing the Royals.

Friday 21st.
Moderate breezes at NNW & fine weather. At daylight weighed & Kedged up to Radgeg and brought up in 6fms. At 11 weighed upon the Ebb, made Sail & at noon anchored abreast the Company’s Gardens in 6fms.

[Page 108:]
Towards Calcutta

Saturday 22nd December 1810.
Light breeze NW & fine weather. At daylight weighed & made Sail. Saluted the Fort at passing with 9 Guns – At 8 anchored with the best Bower abreast the Bankshall. Moored ship upon the Ebb with the Swivel 45fms each way. Unbent sails & unrove the running rigging. Caulkers on board caulking the Poop.

Sunday 23rd.
Light winds fine weather. Washed decks. Captain Campbell visited the ship.

Monday 24th.
Moderate breezes & fine weather. Struck Yards & Top Masts. Stripped the Bowsprit & Foremast. Employed delivering the Private Trade & sending the empty Butts on shore. Caulkers caulking the Poop & Poundhouse. Sailmaker altering the best Main Royal.

Tuesday 25th.
Wind Northerly & fine weather. Employed delivering Private Trade & empty Butts. Tradesmen as yesterday. Boatswain & gang about the Fore Rigging.

Wednesday 26th.
Ditto wind & weather. Employed delivering Cargo on acct of the Honble Co. & Private Trade. Boatswain & gang as yesterday. Gunner painting the Poundhouse & Cuddy – Caulking the Orlop.

Thursday 27th.
Light airs at NW & fine weather. Employed as yesterday. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top Mast Stay Sail.

Friday 28th.
Moderate breezes at NW & fine weather. Employed delivering Cargo on acct of the Honble Compy & clearing the Fore Hold for reception of Cargo. Boatswain & gang about the Mizen Rigging. Caulkers on the Fore Orlop. Captain Campbell visited the ship.

Saturday 29th.
Light Northerly winds & fine weather. Employed delivering Arn Chests on acct of the Honble Compy & Private Trade. Boatswain as yesterday. Caulkers in the Gun room. Sailmaker repairing the old Jibb – run from the ship Manuel Feraro Seaman.

Sunday 30th.
Ditto winds & weather. Caulkers as yesterday. Run from the ship Marian DeSouza Seaman.

[Page 109:]
Ship Lord Keith

Monday 31st December.
Ditto winds & weather. Employed delivering Compy’s Cargoes & Goods on Freight. Mr [no name given] came on board to inspect the Orlop Deck previous to the reception of Cargo. Boatswain & Gang upon the Main Rigging. Caulkers caulking the Gun deck. Sailmaker altering the old Jibb.

Tuesday 1st January 1811.
Northerly winds & fine weather, Employed delivering & receiving Cargo on acct of the Honble Compy. Tradesmen as yesterday.

Wednesday 2nd.
Dito winds & weather. Employed as before.

Thursday 3rd.
Moderate breezes at the Northward & fine weather. Employed delivering & receiving Cargo on acct of the H.C. Boatswain & Gang about the Main Top mast Rigging etc. Caulkers over the Bows & in the Steerage. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top Sail. run from the ship Pancho Soro Sailmaker.

Friday 4th.
Light breezes & fine weather. Employed delivering & receiving Cargo & clearing the Limbers in the After Hold. Boatswain & Gang about the rigging – Carpenter building Store rooms. Caulkers as yesterday. Captain Campbell visited the ship.

Saturday 5th.
Ditto winds NW. Employed as yesterday.

Sunday 6th.
Ditto winds & weather, Employed cleaning the ship.

Monday 7th.
Moderate breeze & fine weather. Employed delivering copper on acct of the H Compy. Boatswain & Gang about the rigging. Caulkers on the top sides. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top Sail. Captain Campbell visited the ship.

Tuesday 8th.
Northerly winds & fair weather. Employed delivering & receiving Cargo on acct of the H.C. Tradesmen as yesterday.

[Page 110:]
At Calcutta

Wednesday 9th January 1811.
Light Southerly winds & fine weather. Employed delivering Shot & receiving Salt Petre on acct of the H.C. Swayed the Topmasts on end. Sailmaker repairing the old Top Gallant Sail. Gunner painting the Great Cabin. Caulkers caulking various parts.

Thursday 10th.
Ditto winds & weather. Employed as yesterday & rattling down the Top Mast rigging.

Friday 11th.
Moderate breezes cloudy weather. Employed delivering Coals on acct of the H.C. & stowing & beating Salt Petre in ye Fore Hold. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top Sail. Tradesmen as yesterday. Capt. Campbell visited the ship.

Saturday 12th.
Light winds & fair weather. Employed receiving Salt Petre on acct of the H. Compy. Tradesmen as days past.

Sunday 13th.
Ditto winds & weather. Delivered the remainder of the Honble Compy Cargo. Employed clearing the Limbers in the Main Hold. Stowing & beating Salt Petre.

Monday 14th.
Ditto winds & weather. Employed stowing & beating Salt Petre, swayed the Lower & Top Sail Yards up otherwise employed receiving running rigging. Gunner painting the Cabins between decks. Caulkers on the top Sides & Sailmaker repairing the old Main Sail. Capt Campbell visited the ship.

Tuesday 15th.
Moderate breezes & fine weather. Fidded Short Top Gallant Masts. Otherwise employed Blacking the Yards etc. Employed in the Hold as before. Tradesmen as yesterday. Gammoned the Bowsprit.

Wednesday 16th.
Light breezes & fair weather throughout. Employed stowing & beating Salt Petre. Set the Bobstays & rigging up fore & aft. Sailmaker repairing the old Mizen top Sail.

Thursday 17th.
Ditto winds & weather. Employed stowing & beating Salt Petre. Boatswain & Gang about the rigging. Fidded Sliding Gunter Masts. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top Sail.

[Page 111:]
Ship Lord Keith

Friday 18th January 1811.
Moderate breezes & fine weather, Employed receiving Salt Petre on acct of the H Compy & stowing & beating it otherwise scraping & cleaning the ship. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top Sails. Captn Campbell visited the ship. Received our empty Butts.

Saturday 19th.
Light winds & cloudy weather. Employed in the hold & filling Water. Gunner painting the Masts. Sent the People ashore on Liberty.

Sunday 20th January.
Ditto winds & weather. Employed cleaning the ship & filling Water.

Monday 21st.
Moderate breeze & cloudy weather. Small rain in the evening. Employed in the hold stowing & beating Salt Petre & filling Water. Received some Indigo [dye] on acct of the H.C. Captn Campbell visited the ship. Gunner painting the ship.

Tuesday 22nd January 1811.
Light breezes & cloudy weather. Employed as yesterday & receiving Sundry Stores.

Wednesday 23rd.
Moderate breezes at Northward & fine. Employed in the hold stowing & beating Salt Petre & filling Water. Received some Private Trade Indigo. Run from the ship Henry Simmons Seaman.

Thursday 24th.
First part light breezes & fair weather. Latter cloudy with rain. Employed receiving Private Trade Indigo and in the hold beating Salt Petre. AM Bent the Sails. Run from the ship John Paul Seaman.

Friday 25th January 1811.
Light breezes at Northward First part rain, Latter fair weather. Employed trimming the ship upon an even keel & otherwise preparing ship for dropping down. Received – Sundry Small Stores. Draft of Water 19fms Forwd 16.10 Aft. Captain Campbell visited the ship.

[Page 112:]
Towards Saugor

Saturday 26th January 1811.
Moderate breezes at Northward & fine weather. At 6am Mr Thompson Master came on Board & took charge of the ship. Unmoored & at 10 weighed & Kedged down abreast of the Foil. At 4pm weighed & made Sail & at 7pm came to with the small Bower in 7fms water at the Lower part of the Garden Reach gave the ship 5fms Cables.

Sunday 27th.
Light breezes at NNW & fine weather. At 1am in a hard flurry of the Tide parted the small Bower Cable about 5fms from the Clinch, immediately let go the best Bower & brought up abreast the Botanical Garden house in 7½fms. Bent the small Bower Cable to the spare anchor, let it go & hove it up in the berth. At 7am weighed the best Bower, let go the Small & Kedged down. At 11 came to just below Sangenal Creek in 7½fms. At 3pm weighed & made Sail & at 6 anchored with the small Bower in Peer Suang Reach in 6½fms.

Monday 28th January.
First part light breezes at NNW, Latter calm. At daylight weighed & Kedged down below Willowberry – brought up in ½ less 5fms. At 11 weighed but falling calm came to with the best Bower in 5fms. Shifted the small Bower Cable end for end & bent it again to the anchor. At 5pm weighed the best Bower anchor, let go the Small & Kedged down to the Lower Part of Myaport, came to in ¼ less 6 fms.

Tuesday 29th.
Light Northerly winds & fine weather. At daylight weighed & Kedged down to the upper part of Futtah Reach in ¼ less 5fms. PM Employed in the hold beating Salt Petre & variously under the Boatswain.

Wednesday 30th.
Light winds at ye Northward & fine weather. At daylight weighed & Kedged down. Anchored at the anchoring Creek in ¼ less 5fms. At 4pm weighed & made all sail run over the upper part of the James & Mary least water ¼ less 4fms. At 7 anchored with the Small Bower in Bibbee Mingoy’s Hole in ¼ less 6 fms.

Thursday 31st.
First part light breezes from the Eastward. Middle & latter part breezes from ye Southwestward. Fine weather. At daylight weighed & crossed the Lower part of the James & Mary – least water 3fms. At 1pm anchored above Culpie in ¼ less 7fms. PM Employed in the hold & as most useful.

[Page 113:]
Ship Lord Keith

Friday 1st February 1811.
Fresh breezes at NW for the most part with showers of rain. At daylight weighed & worked down to the Lower part of Culpie Roads, anchored in 5fms, at half past 5am. Employed clapping a whole Cable Service on the female Bower & as most useful.

Saturday 2nd.
First part hard squalls from the NW wth rain & dark gloomy weather. Middle light airs from the SW, Latter a fresh breeze from the NE with rain. At daylight weighed but falling calm came to again in 5fms. At 4pm weighed & run through Rangafullah, least water 3fms. At 7 anchored abreast of Silver Tree in 8fms. Employed during the day in the hold & as necessary.

Sunday 3rd.
Fresh breezes from the NE with rain in the first part, latter fair. At daylight weighed & made Sail. At 8am passed Kedgeree. At 10 anchored with the small Bower at the Cockelbee Buoy in 5fms. At 3pm weighed & run into Saugor Roads, anchored at 5 in 8fms.

Monday 4th.
Moderate breezes at NE & fine weather. At 9am hove up the small Bower & run a little lower down. At 10 let go the best Bower, away & moored the ship a Cable each way in 5fms. When moored Saugor Pt at EbE. Communication Buoy NWN. Down Top Gallant Yards. Sliding Gunters. Unbent Sails.

Tuesday 5th.
Light variable winds & fine weather. At 10am Came along side ye John Taylor Sloop with Honble Compys Indigo. Employed clearing her & stowing the hold. Some hands under the Boatswain., Armourer at the Forge. Carpenter building a Boat. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Sail – Condemned the old Fore Top Sail. Gunner painting outside.

Wednesday 6th February 1811.
Variable winds throughout with showers of rain, thunder & lightning at times. Employed receiving Cargo on acct of the Honble Compy & stowing in the hold. Tradesmen as yesterday.

Thursday 7th.
First part fresh breezes at Southward. Middle & latter light airs Northward with hard rain. Employed stowing Cargo. Tradesmen as yesterday. Hoisted in the Launch. Pumped ship 13 inches. No sloop alongside on acct of not getting her anchored when hailed by us.

Friday 8th February.
Light winds from the Northward & thick foggy weather in the first part, middle & latter variable winds with squalls & hard rain. Employed in the hold when weather would permit, also stowing water in the Gun Deck. Tradesmen as before. At 8am dispatched the John Taylor Sloop.

[Page 114:]
Towards Saugor

Saturday 9th February.
Fresh breezes at Southward & gloomy weather throughout. Employed stowing the hold. Cleaned the Middle Deck. Tradesmen as yesterday.

Sunday 10th.
Light breezes from the Northward with pleasant weather. Employed in the hold. Gunner painting ship inside. Other Tradesmen as yesterday, no craft down.

Monday 11th.
Light breezes at Southward with cloudy weather. At 7am came alongside the Kissore Persand Sloop with Cargo on acct of the Hble Compy. Employed clearing her & stowing the hold. Tradesmen as per days past. At 5pm Dispatched the Kissore Persand Sloop. Received on Board 12 Tierces of Port.

Tuesday 12th.
Light variable winds with pleasant weather. At 6am came alongside the Hunter Sloop with Cargo on acct of the Honble Compy. Employed clearing her, stowing in the hold & as most useful. Sailmaker finished the repairs of the old Fore Sail & now on the old Main the old Main Sail. Tradesmen as before. Received on board 6 Butts of Water.

Wednesday 13th.
Ditto winds & weather. Employed in the hold & receiving Cargo, also a Gang under the boatswain. Carpenter & Gang variously employed. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker on the old Main Sail. Gunner painting inside. At 5pm discharged the Hunter Sloop – Cleared hawse.

Thursday 14th.
Calm in the first part with hard rain Thunder & lightning middle part light airs from the Southward & pleasant weather. Latter part hard squalls from the NW with rain thunder & lightning. Middle part light airs from the Southward & pleasant weather. Latter part hard squalls from the NW with rain, thunder & lightning. Employed in the hold when weather would permit. Tradesmen as before.

Friday 15th.
Pleasant breezes from the Northward & pleasant weather. At 7am came alongside the Chatham Sloop with Cargo on acct of the H. Compy. Employed clearing her & in the hold. Some hands under the Boatswain. Tradesmen as most needful.

Saturday 16th First & middle parts light breezes at Northward & cloudy with flaying showers, latter most fair. Employed receiving Cargo on acct of the Hble Compy & stowing in the hold. Some hands under the Boatswain. Sailmaker finished repairs to the old Main Sail, other Tradesmen as yesterday. At 7.30pm Dispatched the Chatham Sloop. Pumped ship at 11inches. Discharged 20 of the Balta Lascars.

Sunday 17th February.
Hard squalls with variable winds from the NbE. With heavy rain thunder & lightning throughout. Employed clearing ship & as most needful. No craft down.

[Page 115:]
Monday 18th February 1811.
Light airs at ye Northward & cloudy weather throughout. Employed stowing Cargo, a Gang under the Boatswain. Drawing & knotting yarns. Carpenter on the Boat. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker on the Main Top Sail. Received 9 butts of Water.

Tuesday 19th.
Ditto winds & weather., Employments as yesterday. AM Cleared Hawse.

Wednesday 20th.
First part moderate breezes at ye Southward & cloudy weather,. Latter breeze increasing with rain at times. At 7am came alongside the Bridgewater Sloop. Employed receiving Cargo on acct of the Honble Compy. At 4pm Cast her off in consequence of the rain otherwise employed as per days past. Hard squalls at ye Northward with rain during the night.

Thursday 21st.
Fresh gales at ye Northward with rain at times. Employed when the weather would permit stowing the Orlop Deck & as most useful. State of the weather prevented the Bridgewater from coming alongside.

Friday 22nd.
First part Fresh breezes at ye Northward. Middle & Latter more moderate. Showers of rain at times. At daylight the Bridgewater came alongside. Employed receiving Cargo on acct of the Hble Compy. At 9am Discharged the Bridgewater. During the night brought home the Small Bower.

Saturday 23rd.
Moderate breezes from the Northward & fine weather, At 2pm cleared hawse & unmoored. At 5pm moored ship, best Bower to the Ebb & Small to the Flood. At half past 7 girted wore away the best Bower cleaned her Hull. Employed in the Forenoon stowing the hold & as most useful. Pumped ship 13 inches.

Sunday 24th.
Northerly winds & fine weather. At daylight found both anchors ahead. Hove up both anchors. At 8 anchored with the best Bower in ¼ fms in the upper part of Saugor Reach. Communication Buoy bearing SW. At 4pm came alongside the Imogine with Cargo on acct of the Honble Compy. Employed receiving it & stowing in the hold & Orlop Deck, Sailmaker on the old Main Topsail. Other Tradesmen as useful. Captn Martin, Passenger joined the ship.

Monday 25th.
Fresh breezes from the Northward & hazy weather, Employed receiving Cargo from the Imogine & stowing in the hold & Orlop. Tradesmen as per days past.

Tuesday 26th February.
Ditto winds & weather. Employed stowing in the Orlop & receiving Private Trade. Tradesmen usefully employed.

Wednesday 27th.
Moderate breezes at Northward & fine weather. At 2pm Discharged the Imogine – Employed stowing the Orlop. Tradesmen as per days past.

[Page 116:]
At Saugor

Thursday 28th February 1811.
Wind & weather as days past. Employed receiving Stores & Private Trade. Tradesmen usefully employed.

Friday 1st March.
Moderate breezes at Northward rain at times. At daylight hove up the best Bower & let go the Small. Employed receiving Stores & as most useful. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Top Gallant Sail. AM Captn Wheatstone & 10 Invalids, 1 Woman & 3 Children join the ship. Also Mrs Wheatstone & 4 Children. Pumped ship at 12 inches.

Saturday 2nd.
Light variable winds & fine weather. Employed clearing the ship & stowing in the Orlop. Bent sails. Tradesmen usefully employed.

Sunday 3rd.
Light winds from the northward & pleasant weather. Received some Cargo from the Sloop Tyger on acct of the Honble Compy. Employed stowing it away & as most useful. Pumped ship at 14 inches.

Monday 4th.
Light winds & fine weather. Set up the Bobstays & Rigging fore & aft. At noon departed this life William Dennis Invalid. At 7pm Committed his body to the Deep with the usual ceremony. Pumped ship at 12 inches.

Tuesday 5th.
First part light breezes at NWd latter at ye Southward. At noon sighted the anchor. Employed otherwise as most useful & receiving Passengers & their Baggage. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top Gallant Sail.

Wednesday 6th.
Moderate breezes & fine weather. At half past 3am Lascars deserted from the ship in our Yawl & at half past 4 found the Boat missing. Sent Mr Best & the Leadsman after them in Gig. At 8am up Sliding Gunter Masts & crossed Top Gallant Yards. Employed cleaning ship. & as most useful. Pumped ship at 12 inches.

Thursday 7th.
Fresh breezes at Southward & cloudy weather. Employed receiving passengers & their Baggage. Otherwise preparing the ship for sea. PM Captn Campbell joined the ship. Pumped ship at 12 inches.

Friday 8th.
Fresh breezes at ye Southward cloudy weather. Employed variously under the Boatswain. Shifted the Mizen Top Sail with the best. At 2pm weighed & dropped lower down. At half past 3 anchored in 6½fms with the Small Bower. Draft of water 19.10 Aft, 21.3 Forwd.

Saturday 9th.
Strong breeze SWbS & fine weather. At daylight Mr Best returned with the Gig & Yawl. At noon Mr Cheap & Mr Collie assistant master came on board & dispatched the ship. PM Employed receiving Passengers & their Baggage. Tradesmen as necessary. Sealed the Guns & loaded them.

[Page 117:]
Ship Lord Keith

Sunday 10th March 1811.
A brisk breeze at SW & fine weather. Employed as most useful. At 2pm weighed & dropped down. At 5 anchored just above the upper Buoy of Thornhills Channel in 5fms. The Buoy bearing SSE. Pumped ship at 12 inches.

Monday 11th.
Fresh breezes at NW & fine weather. At 8am The Astell made Signal for a Boat with an Officer. Received instructions from her. At 2 weighed & dropped a little Bower down, anchored in 4¼fms. The upper Buoy of the Gasper WSW. Received some water otherwise employed as necessary.

Tuesday 12th.
Winds from WNW to SW with fine weather. At daylight hove short, loosed sails but the wind hauling round to the southward, gave the ship the 40fms service. At 10am weighed & made all sail. Stood to the Southward. At half past 11 passed the upper Buoy of the Gasper, at half past 1pm the ship Laying up from S½E to SbW. Shoaled our water from 4½ fms to 3½ put about in stays the ship took the ground but came round readily, filled & stood to the NW & when on 4½ fms stood again to the Southward. When aground the lower Buoy of the Gasper bore SE about 1¼ distance. The western buoy of Thornhills Channel SbW about 1½ dist. At 1pm passed the Lower Buoy of the Gasper. At 3 passed the Spit Buoy & at half past 4 passed the Eastern Sea reef Buoy. At half past 6 anchored with the small Bower in 6½ fms, the reef Buoy bearing WNW. At 11pm weighed & made sail & stood at the westward. Ships in Company H.C. Ships Astell & Diana, Country Ships John Palmer & Auspicious, & the Camoens a Portugese.

Wednesday 13th March.
C&D S36E 32. Light breezes variable in the latter part & fine weather. At half past 7am Mr Thompson Pilot left the ship. Cleaned between decks. Sailmaker repairing the old Mizen Top Sail. This Log contains 12 hours & ends at noon to regulate Sea Time. Lat 20.52N Long 88.45E.

[End of Harbour Journal]

[Start of Sea Log]

[Page 118:]
Towards St Helena

Thursday 14th March 1811.
C&D S30E 58. A light breeze with fine weather throughout. At 4pm a Strange sail in sight from the deck bearing NW. At half past 11am a Strange ail from the deck bearing SbW standing to the NW. AM people employed unloading ye Cables & stowing the anchors. Sailmaker repairing the old Mizen Top Sail. Lat 20.3N Long 89.17E.

Friday 15th March 1811.
C&D S5E 57. Light breeze & fine weather throughout. Employed rousing up the Cables to air & taking off the Service, otherwise as necessary. Sailmaker making Main Stay Sail. under easy sail for the John Palmer throughout. At noon 2 strangers from the mast head bearing West. Lat 19.16N Long 89.42E.

[Page 119:]
Ship Lord Keith

Saturday 16th March 1811.
C&D S11E 40. Light breezes throughout with pleasant weather. Employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker as yesterday. Other tradesmen as needful. AM scraped & cleaned ye middle Deck. Lat 18.17N Long 89.3E.

Sunday 17th March 1811.
C&D S20W 45. Light breezes throughout with pleasant weather. Weather too unsettled to admit of Divine Service. Lat 17.31N Long 89.14E.

[Page 120:]
Towards St Helena

Monday 18th March 1811.
C&D S15E 20. Light airs variable throughout with hot sultry weather. People employed drawing & Knotting yarns. Sailmaker making Skysails. Carpenter making Skysail yards. Other Tradesmen as necessary. Pumped ship at 13 inches. Bore up to join ye Palmer. Lat 17.16N Long 89.19E.

Tuesday 19th March 1811.
C&D S10E 18. First part calm. Middle & latter parts Light airs. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker as yesterday. Other Tradesmen as needful. Lat 16.53N Long 89.22E.

[Page 121:]
The Lord Keith

Wednesday 20th March 1811.
C&D South 18. Light variable airs with calms at times. People employed the Boatswain. Tradesmen as most useful. AM cleaned the middle deck. At 10pm Confined Mr Rawes 1st Officer & Mr Davis 2nd ditto under arrest for disobedience of my orders & neglect of duty. [this last entry crossed out] N.B. This should have been entered at 10pm 21st Log. Lat 16.13N Long 89.22E.

Thursday 21st March 1811.
C&D South 42. Light variable airs with pleasant weather throughout. People employed under the Boatswain working up junk. Tradesmen at their different occupations. Faint airs. Pumped ship 12 inches. Lat 15.20N Long 89.22E.

[Page 122:]
Towards St Helena

Friday 22nd March 1811.
C&D South 49. Light variable airs with hot sultry weather. People employed under the Boatswain working up junk. Sailmaker as per days past. Lat 14.38N Long 89.22E.

Saturday 23rd March 1811.
C&D South 50. A light pleasant breeze & fair throughout. People employed under the Boatswain as yesterday. Tradesmen at their different occupations. AM scraped & cleaned the middle deck. Lat 13.43N Long 89.22E.

[Page 123:]
Ship Lord Keith

Sunday 24th March 1811.
C&D South 28. Light breezes in the first part. Middle & Latter light variable airs. Found a 300 gallon Butt had leaked out 177 gallons. Performed Divine Service. Lat’d Obs’d 12.57N. At about half past 8pm I was in my Cabin. I was alarmed by the cry of Fire & went immediately upon deck when I found Fire blazing most violently about 3 feet high from the deck on the Larboard Side near the After Hatchway. On enquiring I found it was Dr Fleming had been trying Experiments with some Phosphorous composition by which we had a most narrow escape from being burnt. Several on deck were scorched in endeavouring to extinguish the flames. I, in consequence was much displeased at the imprudence of the Dr & reprimanded him severely for his conduct, on which he acknowledged his error. I first then heard Mr Davis the 2nd Officer who was under arrest below, call out, Oh you damned coward I thought you were a man of more courage than to have put up with such Language. This was evidently meant to encourage the Dr to be as mutinous as himself & to oppose me in carrying on the duty, in extinguishing the Fire. When the Fire was completely out I went down to get Mr Davis secured, as I conceived if he would not remain quiet under the Common arrest of being confined to his Cabin but on the Contrary would still encourage others to be mutinous, that it was an indispensable duty of mine to confine him so as to prevent him again acting in that way to the great danger of the ship. I went down & told him I would put him in Irons – He dared me to Strike him – or confine him & afterwards laid hold of me & struck at me. I, in consequence confined both his legs in Irons, handcuffed him & stapled him down to the Deck in his own Cabin. Lat 13.15N Long 89.22E.

[Page 124:]
Towards St Helena

Monday 25th March 1811.
C&D South 36. Light variable airs with hot sultry weather throughout. People employed under the Boatswain working up junk. Other Tradesmen as most necessary. At 8pm allowed the Prisoner to remain out of Irons on his promising to adhere to his own Cabin & to have no communication with others. Lat 12.21N Long 89.22E.

Tuesday 26th March 1811.
S&D South 67. Moderate breezes & fine weather. People employed under the Boatswain working up junk. Tradesmen as most necessary. AM Shifted the Mizen Top Sail with the old one. At 10am I directed Mr Rawes 1st Officer to his duty again. Pumped ship 12 inches. Lat 11.5N Long 89.22E.

[Page 125:]
Ship >i>Lord Keith

Wednesday 27th March 1811.
C&D South 30. Light airs close sultry weather. Some hands fitting a new Fore Top Sail. Other Tradesmen variously employed. Lat 10.36N Long 89.22E.

Thursday 28th March 1811.
C&D S4E 71. Light winds & sultry weather. People employed as before. Lat 9.20N Long 89.29E.

[Page 126:]
Towards St Helens

Friday 29th March 1811.
C&D South 55. Light winds & cloudy weather. Stowed the small Anchor & unbent the Cable. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top Gallant Sail. Lat 8.28N long 89.27E.

Saturday 30th March 1811.
C&D S10W 38. Light winds variable with hot weather. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Top Sail. Cleaned between decks. Lat 7.33N Long 88.53E.

[Page 127:]
Ship Lord Keith

Sunday 31st March 1811.
C&D S26W 44. Light variable winds & sultry weather. Performed Divine Service. Pumped ship 12 inches. Lat 6.51N Long 89.6E.

Monday 1st April 1811.
C&D S10W 28. Light variable winds & hot weather. People variously employed. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Top Sail. Lat 6.37N Long 88.53E.

[Page 128:]
Towards St Helena

Tuesday 2nd March 1811.
C&D S30E 21. Light airs & calms with hot sultry weather. People employed variously. Lat 6.25N Long 89.3E.

Wednesday 3rd April 1811.
C&D S10E 16. Faint airs with Calms & close sultry weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Top Sail. Lat 6.N Long 89.6E.

[Page 129:]
Ship Lord Keith

Thursday 4th April 1811.
C&D S12W 34. Light airs & sultry weather. At 8pm confined Nich An Gould & Joseph Fancomfet Seamen for stealing Water out of one of the Butts between decks. AM Punished the Prisoners for the above offence with 1 dozen lashes each. At noon the John Palmer still Courses down & steering away from the wind though we were bearing down to join it. Lat 5.41N Long 88.59E.

Friday 5th April 1811.
C7d S18E 30. Light variable winds & cloudy weather. People employed under the Boatswain. At 4pm John Palmer from the deck bearing W Courses down standing to the SW. Lat 5.25N Long 89.8E.

[Page 130:]
Towards St Helens

Saturday 6th April 1811 C&D S40E 61. Light winds & cloudy weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Washed between decks. Light squalls. Lat 4.44N Long 89.47E.

Sunday 7th April 1811.
C&D S20E 24. Light airs & sultry weather. AM Performed Divine Service. Water expended 681 gallons, unaccounted for 130, remaining 7940. Lat 4.22N Long 89.55E.

[Page 131:]
Ship Lord Keith

Monday 8th April 1811.
C&D S30E 33. Light airs & sultry weather. People working up junk. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore Sail. Lat 6.7N Long 90.11E

Tuesday 9th April 1811.
C&D S22E 35. Light winds & calm with sultry weather. People employed working up junk. At 6am saw a Strange Sail bearing WbN. At noon the stranger westward. Lat 3.26N Long 90.24E.

[Page 132:]
Towards St Helena

Wednesday 10th April 1811.
C&D South 82. Moderate wind for the most part & cloudy weather. At 10pm the Stranger joined & proved to be the John Palmer. People employed under the Boatswain. Washed between decks. Thunder lightning & rain. Lat 2.9N Long 90.24E.

Thursday 11th April 1811.
C&D S8E 87. Fresh breezes for the most part & cloudy weather. At 4pm saw the stranger from the deck bearing SEbE & standing towards us. She shewed English colours. Answered the Private Signal & proved to be a Frigate from Amboyna [Indonesia] bound to Madras. At daylight the Palmer not in company. Lat 1.8N Long 90.35E.

[crossed Equator]

[Page 133:]
Ship Lord Keith

Friday 12th April 1811.
C&D South 98. Fresh breezes for the most part & cloudy weather. Latterly light airs variable. Squalls & rain. Lat 1.11S Long 90.36E.

Saturday 13th April 1811

C&D S40E 70. Variable winds & cloudy weather. With squalls & rain at times. Sailmaker fitting the new Fore Top Gallant Sail. Armourer at the Forge. Lat 2.1S Long 91.21E.

[Page 134:]
Towards St Helena

Sunday 14th April 1811.
C&D S30E 32. Light variable winds & cloudy weather. Wind too variable to admit of Divine Service. Water expended 699 gallons, remaining 7241 galls. Lat 2.35S Long 91.37E.

Monday 15th April 1811.
C&D South 34. Variable winds & sultry weather. AM Stayed the Top Masts & Top Gallant Masts & set up the Top mast & Top Gallant rigging. Lat 2.43S Long 91.37E.

[Page 135:]
Ship Lord Keith

Tuesday 16th April 1811.
C&D S30W 34. Variable winds & cloudy weather. Swayed the lower Yards up. Squally rain. Lat 3.5S Long 91.20E.

Wednesday 17th April 1811.
C&D South 38. First part calm – Latter squally & rainy weather. Lat 3.46S Long 91.20E.

[Page 136:]
Towards St Helena

Thursday 18th April 1811.
C&D S20W 38. Variable winds with cloudy & rainy weather.People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker on the 2nd best Fore Sail. Lat 4.22S Long 91.7E.

Friday 19th April 1811.
C&D S42W 64. Variable winds with squally weather & much rain in the latter part. Split the Top Sails with their beating about. Shifted the Main one with the 2nd best. The fore Top Sail with the new one & Mizen top Sail with the Best. Lat 5.5S Long 90.24E.

[Page 137:]
Ship Lord Keith

Saturday 20th April 1811.
C&D S45W 67. Moderate breezes & mostly fair weather. Washed between decks. Exercised Great Guns & small arms. Lat 5.50S Long 89.38E.

Sunday 21st April 1811.
C&D S26W 100. Variable winds with squally weather & much rain. Weather too unsettled to admit of Divine Service. Lat 7.32S Long 89.6E.

[Page 138:]
Towards St Helena

Monday 22nd April 1811.
C&D S20W 86. Fresh breezes for the most part & cloudy weather. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore Sail. On cleaning the Barometer a very small quantity of the Quick Silver came out which I could not account for. Lat 8.53S Long 88.36E.

Tuesday 23rd April 1811.
C&D S33W 117. Fresh breezes & squally weather during the first part, latterly more moderate & fair. At 10 the Commodore made Signal for a Strange Sail to ye SW. Saw her from the Masthead. Lat 11.16S Long 87.38E.

[Page 139:]
Ship Lord Keith

Wednesday 24th April 1811.
C&D S44W 143. A fresh Trade & mostly fair weather. People employed working up junk. Sailmaker repairing the Fore Top Mast Steering Sail. Lat 13.13E.

Thursday 25th April 1811.
C&D S56W 151. A strong Trade with squally weather. AM Shifted the Jibb with the Small one & Fore Top Gallant Sail with the new one. Lat 14.35S Long 83.44E.

[Page 140:]
Towards St Helena

Friday 26th April 1811.
C&D S58W 171. A fresh Trade & clear weather during the latter part. Sailmaker repairing the worst Jibb. Shifted the Fore Sail with the 2nd best. Lat 16.5S Long 81.14E.

Saturday 27th April 1811.
C&D S64W 174. A fresh Trade & fine weather. PM Got the Flying Jibb & Boom in & Pole Mizen Top Gallant Mast upon deck. Sailmaker as yesterday. Washed between decks. Lat 17.3S Long 78.44E.

[Page 141:]
Ship Lord Keith

Sunday 28th April 1811.
C&D S60W 168. A fresh Trade & pleasant weather for the most Part. Weather too unsettled to admit of Divine Service. Lat 18.18S Long 76.17E.

Monday 29th April 1811.
C&D S64W 159. A moderate Trade & fair weather. Roused all the sails to air & to replace sails at hand. Lat 19.7S long 73.46E.

[Page 142:]
Towards St Helena

Tuesday 30th April 1811.
C&D s68W 149. A moderate Trade & fine pleasant weather. People employed fitting our new Main Sail & Top Gallant Sail. Auspicious hull down astern. Lat 20.00S Long 71.2E.

Wednesday 1st May 1811.
C&D S72W 157. A fresh breeze & fair weather. The Commodore made our Signal to come within hail & ordered us to change stations with the Auspicious. People employed under the Boatswain. Pumped Ship 12 inches. Lat 20.9S Long 68.4E.

[Page 143:]
Ship >i>Lord Keith

Thursday 2nd May 1811.
C&D S75W 146. Pleasant breezes & fair weather. At 5pm saw a strange Sail standing towards us bearing NE. At half past 6 spoke her. She proved to be the H.C. Packet Georgiana from Bengal. Sailmaker fitting our new Top Gallant Sails. Lat 21.29S Long 66.9E.

Friday 3rd May 1811.
C&D S75W 164. A fresh breeze & fine weather. Shifted the Driver with a new one & Fore Top Gallant Sail with another. Sailmaker repairing the old Jibb. Lat 21.20 S Long 63.16E.

[Page 144:]
Towards St Helena

Saturday 4th May 1811.
C&D S72W 164. A moderate breeze & fine weather. Shifted the Main Top Gallant Sail with the new one. People making Points etc. Sailmaker altering the new Fore Top Gallant. Washed between decks. Lat 22.56S Long 60.28E.

Sunday 5th May 1811.
C&D S67E 167. Pleasant breezes & fine weather. The Commodore’s Course does not agree with our Compasses if he steers as per Signal. Performed Divine Service. Lat 23.58S Long 57.41E.

[Page 145:]
Ship Lord Keith

Monday 6th May 1811.
C&D S62W 128. Variable & cloudy weather with much rain & thunder & lightning in the middle part. At daylight the Auspicious appeared to have something damaged about the Main Top Mast. She soon afterwards Spoke the Commodore who sent a Boat on board of her. Lat 25.9S Long 55.37E.

Tuesday 7th May 1811.
C&D S35W 16. Variable winds & weather. Found ye Auspicious had been struck with lightning & had her Main Mast, Top Mast & Top Gallant Mast injured by it. At 1pm saw a whirlpool, the water going round with considerable velocity & threw up water like the spouting of a Whale. Shifted the Fore Top Mast Stay Sail, Main do & middle Stay Sails with new ones. Lat 25.25S Long 55.27E.

[Page 146:]
Towards St Helena

Wednesday 8th May 1811.
C&D S60W 118. First light variable winds latterly strong breezes. Bent the Main & Fore Storm Stay Sails. Lat 26.27S Long 53.29E.

Thursday 9th May 1811.
C&D North 15. Strong breezes during the first part latter more moderate. At 4 the Barometer 29.50. AM Carried away the foot rope of the Fore Sail & split it. Shifted it & the Main Sail with new ones. At daylight the Auspicious not in sight. Lat 26.7S Long 53.29E.

[Page 147:]
Ship Lord Keith

Friday 10th May 1811.
C&D West 12. Light variable winds with a high swell at the Westward. Lost all our time this leg looking after the Auspicious. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best MainTop Sail. Lat 26.4S Long 53.16E.

Saturday 11th May 1811.
C&D S78W 153. First part light breezes, latterly freshening with cloudy weather. Scraped cleaned between decks. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 26.4S Long 50.78E.

[Page 148:]
Towards St Helena

Sunday 12th May 1811.
C&D S82W 162. A moderate breeze & hazy weather. AM Performed Divine Service. Lat 27.6S Long 47.29E.

Monday 13th May 1811.
C&D S85W 107. Light winds & fine weather throughout. People working up junk. Sailmaker on the Main Top Gallant Sail. Carpenter making a Short Driver Boom. Lat 27.85S Long 45.29E.

[Page 149:]
Tuesday 14th May 1811.
C&D S71W 149. Moderate breezes during the first part latterly variable & squally. Unbent the Spanker & bent the Mizen. Lat28.36S Long 47.49E.

Wednesday 15th May 1811.
C&D N36W 53. Variable winds & cloudy weather with a heavy swell during ye latter part. Sailmaker on the Top Gallant Sail. Lat 27.56 Long 42.12E.

[Page 150:]
Towards St Helena

Thursday 16th May 1811.
C&D SEbW 76. Fresh breezes during the first part Latter light winds with a heavy swell from the West. AM Shifted the Fore Top Sail & Top Gallant Sail with the best. Longitude per Astells Lunar 38.33E. Lat 28.1S Long 40.48E.

Friday 17th May 1811.
C&D S76W 40. Light winds & fine weather throughout. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker on the Fore Top Sail. Armourer at the Forge. Lat 28.28S Long 40.46E.

[Page 151:]
Ship Lord Keith

Saturday 18th May 1811.
C&D S65W 72. Light winds & fine weather. Washed between decks. Sailmaker as yesterday. Exercised Great Gun & small arms. Lat 29.8S Long 39.33E.

Sunday 19th May 1811.
C&D S62E 107 A fresh breeze & fair weather. Weather too unsettled to admit of Divine Service. Lat 30.43S Long 36.2E.

[Page 152:]
Towards St Helena

Monday 20th May 1811.
C&D S57W 204. First part fresh breezes latterly moderate with thick hazy weather. Sailmaker on the Fore Top Sail. Lat 32.36S Long 32.43E.

Tuesday 21st May 1811.
C&D S54W 98. First part moderate breezes & hazy weather. Middle squally latterly strong gales & clear weather. At daylight the Diana & Camoens not in sight. At half past & saw Coast of Africa bearing NW. At noon the land between the Pt of Natal & the Pt Infants Friend. Lat 33.6S Long 31.55E.

[Page 153:]
Lord Keith

Wednesday 22nd May 1811.
C&D S70E 48. Hard gales & very confused sea during the first part which made us labour very much. Latterly moderate & fair. At noon down Top Gallant Yards. At 3pm the Body of the land NW distance about 15 leagues. Found the water much smoother when in shore. The Marine Barometer foretold this gale as well as its discontinuance. Lat 34.1S Long 32.14E.

Thursday 23rd May 1811.
C&D West 64. Set the Mizen lower & Top mast rigging up. Sailmaker on the Fore Top Sail & Jibb. At daylight saw the Diana & Camoens bearing SSW. Lat 34.9S Long 30.56E.

[Page 154:]
Towards St Helena

Friday 24th May 1811.
C&D N15W 25. Light variable winds during the first part, latterly calm with an agitated sea on acct of the current. People employed drawing & knotting Yarns. Sailmaker repairing the Jibb. Current S70W68. Lat 34.49S Long 30.49E.

Saturday 25th May 1811.
C&D S15W 20. Moderate winds for the most part with a confused sea from the current. At 1pm Sharp Mountain near Muscle Bay SbE¾E. At 6pm Spoke the Stranger who proved to be the Lady Lushington from Madras & had parted from a fleet on the 14th under Convoy of the Diomede. The other Stranger was the Georgiana. At daylight neither of them in sight. Lat 35.41S Long 30.48E.

[Page 155:]
Ship Lord Keith

Sunday 26th May 1811.
C&D N76W 53. Variable winds & fair weather. Weather too unsettled to admit of Divine Service. At 10am saw a Strange Sail to the NW at 10 she joined the Fleet. Lat 35.13S Long 29.46E.

Monday 27th May 1811.
C&D N62W 30. Variable winds & cloudy weather for the most part. At 5pm saw the land bearing at N to EbN distance about 15 leagues. At 8am Cape Vaches NNW & Cape Blaise NEbE. The extremes to the Eastward distance of shore 10 or 11 leagues. At noon the land at NWbN to EbN distance off shore about 12 leagues. The weather very hazy which prevents our seeing anything. Lat 34.45S Long 28.11E.

[Page 156:]
Towards St Helena

Tuesday 28th May 1811.
C&D S40W 92. First part fresh breezes latterly hard gales with gloomy cloudy weather. At 3pm the land from NNW½Wto NE distance about 6 leagues. At daylight no ship in sight. At half past 7am saw the land about Cape Lagulles [Agulhas] bearing ENE dist about 10 leagues. At 11am saw the whole fleet was dispersed. Astell to the SW. Lat 35.57S Long 26.56E.

Wednesday 29th May 1811.
C&D N26E 36. Strong gales throughout with hard squalls & rain at times. At 8pm The Commodore not in sight. I called a meeting of the Senior Officers when we were of opinion unanimously that it was proper to swear ship. She having broke off to SbE. At daylight saw the land bearing NNE distance 9 or 10 leagues. AM opened a sealed rendezvous in the presence of the Sworn Officers. Lat 35.25S long 29.16E.

[Page 157:]
Ship Lord Keith

Thursday 30th May 1811.
C&D N15E 20. Hard gales with a very confused & heavy sea during the latter part which makes us labour much & ship a great deal of water. At 3pm saw a ship to the Westward standing to the Northward. At 11pm saw the Commodores light to the Southward, found she was on the other tack. Wore & joined her. Three ships in sight which dispersed. Lat 35.15S Long 27.28E.

Friday 31st May 1811.
C&D North 28. Middle & latter variable light wind with a confused sea. The Marine Barometer indicated the discontinuance of the storm. At daylight the fleet much dispersed. Got the Jibb Boom out. Lat 35.33S Long 27.20E.

[Page 158:]
Towards St Helena

Saturday 1st June 1811.
C&D --. Moderate winds & fine weather throughout. At 3pm saw the land bearing NE. At sunrise the extremes of the land from NEbE to North distance about 10 leagues. At 8am The Gunners Quoin N46E, Bluff Point N40E. Cape False N2E. Table Land N3E. At noon the Quoin N36E & the western extreme about the Table Land N4E dist off shore about 13 leagues. At 10am Punished John Thomas with 2 dozen lashes for refusing his duty. Lat – Long --. Dist 93 miles.

Sunday 2nd June 1811.
C&D N68W. 76. First part light breezes variable. Latterly pleasant winds & fair weather. The Duty prevented Divine Service. AM Shifted the Mizen with the Driver. Lat 34.58S Long 18.6E.

[Page 159:]
Monday 3rd June 1811.
C&D N60W 105. Fresh breezes during the first part latterly variable fair weather. AM Got the Sliding Gunter Masts up & Flying Jibb Boom out. Sailmaker repairing the Small Jibb & Main Top Gallant Stay Sail. Lat 34.11S Long 16.13E.

Tuesday 4th June 1811.
C&D N51W 48. Light winds & fine weather throughout with a very Dew during the night. People employed under the Boatswain working up junk. Sailmaker on the Fore Top Sail. Armourer at the Forge. Lat 33.40S Long 15.26E.

[Page 160:]
Towards St Helena

Wednesday 5th June 1811.
C&D N49W 79. Light breeze increasing in the latter part. Hazy weather. People employed under the Boatswain . Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore & Main Sails. Condemned the old Fore Sail & Flying Jibb. Lat 32.58S Long 14.14E.

Thursday 6th June 1811.
C&D N51W 150. A pleasant Trade & hazy weather throughout. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 31.40S Long 12.25E.

[Page 161:]
Ship Lord Keith from Bengal

Friday 7th June 1811.
C&D N51W 128. First part pleasant breezes latterly variable with fair weather. Shifted the Fore Sail & Mizen Top Gallant Sails with the 2nd best. Unbent the Storm Stays. People working up junk. Gunner painting the Cutter. Lat 30.35S Long 9.37E.

Saturday 8th June 1811.
C&D N51W 99. Variable & calm during the first part latterly a pleasant breeze. People working up junk. Sailmaker as per days past. Gunner as yesterday. Armourer at the Forge. AM Cleaned between decks. Lat 29.36 S Long 8.57E

[Page 162:]
Towards St Helena

Sunday 9th June 1811.
C&D N49E 123. Moderate breezes during the first part latterly variable fine weather. AM Performed Divine Service. Lat 28.15S Long 7.25E.

Monday 10th June 1811.
C&D N14W 36. First part calm latterly moderate breezes with cloudy weather. People squaring the Rattlings. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker on the old Main Sail. Cooper setting up the Butts. Gunner painting the Boats. Lat 27.45S Long 7.16E.

[Page 163:]
Ship Lord Keith from Bengal

Tuesday 11th June 1811.
C&D N47W 117. Light winds variable for the most part & fine weather. People employed rattling the rigging. Puddening the Bower Anchor etc. Gunner painting the sides. Sailmaker as yesterday. Shifted the Main Top Mast Stay Sail with the worst. Lat 26.28S Long 5.38E.

Wednesday 12th June 1811.
C&D N45W 120. A moderate breeze & cloudy weather. Some hands squaring the Rattlings. Sailmaker on the old Main Top Sail. Cooper setting the Butts. Shifted the Main Sail with the worst. Lat 24.59S Long 3.56E.

[Page 164:]
Towards St Helena

Thursday 13th June 1811.
C&D N44W 162. A fresh Trade & cloudy weather. People employed squaring up the rattling. Blacking the masts heads etc. Hove for the Diana. PM confined Gustavus Hunk for striking Mr Lovett. Sailmaker repairing the old Mizen Top Sail. Gunner painting the ship. Cooper setting the Butts. Condemned the old Main Top Sail & Fore Sail. Lat 23.3S Long 1.53E.

Friday 14th June 1811.
C&D N43W 183. A fresh Trade & fine weather. PM Punished the Prisoner with one dozen lashes. People employed as yesterday. Carpenter caulking the Yawl. Lat 20.48E Long 1.4W.

[Page 165:]
Ship Lord Keith from Bengal

Saturday 15th June 1811.

C&D N41W 162. A moderate Trade & cloudy weather. Shortened Sail at ye Diana. Roused the Cables up to air & bent the Bowers. Gunner painting the masts. Carpenter caulking the Yawl. Lat 19.29S Long 3.6W.

Sunday 16th June 1811.
C&D N30W 152. Duty of the ship prevented having Divine Service. Lat 17.26S Long 4.26W.

[Page 166:]
Towards St Helena

Monday 17th June 1811.
C&D N52W 155. Moderate winds & cloudy weather. People under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the old Mizen Top Sail. Gunner painting the sides. Unstowed the Bower Anchor. At 11am saw the Island of St Helena bearing NW½W. Lat 16.6S Long 6.84W.

Tuesday 18th June 1811.
Pleasant Trade & cloudy weather. At 4pm The body of the Island WNW. At half past 8 passed the roads. Light airs variable. At half past 10 anchored with best Bower in 10fms about a Cables length from ye shore. Steaded ship with the Helena Government House bearing South. Found there HM Ships Hamadryad & Diomede, H.C. Ships Harriet, Ann, Earl Spencer, Sir William Bensley, Sir Stephen Lushington, Tyne. Ms’s of Exeter & Union – Store Ships – Camperdown Packet & Venus Whaler. Got the Long Boat out. Arrived here the H.C. Ship Indus. Captn Campbell & Passengers went ashore.

[end of Ships log]

[start of Harbour Journal]

[Page 167:]
Ship Lord Keith

Wednesday 19th June 1811.
SE winds, cloudy weather, Employed watering. Unbent sails to blacken ye Yards. A gang under the Boatswain. Gunner painting the ship. Delivered the rice on acct of the Hble Compy. Sailed hence the Camperdown.

Thursday 20th.
Light trade & cloudy weather, Employed shifting Sunn from the Main to After Orlop. Received some water. A Gang under the Boatswain. Sailmaker on the old Mizen top Sail.

Friday 21st.
Ditto winds & weather. Employed as yesterday & as most useful. Sailmaker as before. Carpenter repairing the Cardboard Quarter Gallery.

Saturday 22nd.
Moderate Trade & fine weather. Received some water. Set up ye Top Mast & Top Gallant rigging. At 9pm the Long Boat was stove by the violence of the Surf. Hoisted her in to repair. At 10am departed this life Charles Magnet Holmland, Ordinary Seaman. At 6pm sent the body ashore for interment.

Sunday 23rd.
Light Trade & fine weather. At 4am hoisted the Long Boat out & sent her again for some water. Bent Sails. Finished our Water.

Monday 24th.
Light Trade & cloudy weather. With rain in the latter part. Employed preparing the ship for sea. Shifted ye Mizen top Sail with the old one. Sent our Long Boat to the Tyne to assist her in Watering. Run from the ship Thos Short, Quarter Master. Arrived here a small vessel – name not known.

Tuesday 25th.
Moderate Trade with drizzling rain in the first part. At daylight HM Ship Hamadryad made Signal for Convoy to the Northward. Our Long Boat returned from the Tyne. Received 3 Chaldron of Coals from the Ms’s of Exeter. AM The Hamadryad went in chase of 2 vessels passing to the leeward of the Island. PM The Hamadryad – starboard. Thos Short entered on Board HM Ship Diomede. Captn Campbell & passengers joined the ship. Got the Long Boat in. Arrived here a small American ship from the Cape. Received Instructions from HMS Hamadryad.

[Page 168:]
At St Helena

Wednesday 26th.
Light Trade & cloudy weather with rain in the morning. At daylight the Commodore made Signal to unmoore. Unmoored ship. Employed receiving some water & Sundry Small Stores. At -. Signal to weigh. Draft of Water 19.10fms Forwd 19,3 Aft. Quantity of Water on Board 10,500 galls. This Log contains 12 hours & ends at noon to regulate Sea Time.

[end of Harbour Journal]

[start of Ships Log]

Thursday 27th June 1811.
C&D N58W 89. A pleasant Trade & cloudy weather. At 8pm The extremes of the Island bore at SbW to SE distance off shore 10 or 12 miles. At 10 the Body of the Island SbE. AM Unbent the Cable & stowed the anchors & rove the Harbour Gear. Sailmaker on the old Fore Top Sail. Signal for order of ships. Signal sternmost ships make more sail. Lat 14.45S Long 6.41W.

[Page 169:]
Ship Lord Keith from St Helena

Friday 28th June 1811.
C&D N39W 115. A light Trade & pleasant weather. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top Sail. Employed stowing the Booms etc. AM Received additional Instructions from the Hamadryad. Lat 12.29S Long 7.57W.

Saturday 29th June 1711.
C&D N38W 110. A light Trade & fine weather throughout. Sailmaker as yesterday. AM cleaned between decks. At 11am The Commodore took ye Ocean in Tow. Signal to continue same course & sail tho’ Commodore acted otherwise. In Company with the fleet. Lat 12.9S Long 9..2W.

[Page 170:]
Towards England

Sunday 30th June 1811.
C&D N37W 85. A light Trade & cloudy weather. Performed Divine Service. Signal ships astern to make more sail. Lat 11.2S Long 9.53W.

Monday 1st July 1811.
C&D N40W 87. A light Trade & fine weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker Mid Stitching the 2nd best Fore Top Sail. AM cleaned between decks. At 7pm departed this life Jacob Fritts (Invalid) of HM 53rd Regt. At AM Committed the body to ye deep with the usual Ceremony. The Diamede took the Venus Whaler in Tow. Lat 10.23S Long 10.47W.

[Page 171:]
Ship Lord Keith from St Helena

Tuesday 2nd July 1811.
C&D N40W 119. First part light breezes latterly a fresh breeze & fair weather. People employed making Matts & working up junk. Lat 8.40S Long 12.5W.

Wednesday 3rd July 1811.
C&D N57W 180. A fresh Trade & fine weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Armourer at the Forge. Lat 7.8S Long 14.27W.

[Page 172:]
Towards England

Thursday 4th July 1811.
C&D N57W 169. A light Trade with rain during the latter part. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the old Spanker. Lat 5.35S Long 16.17W.

Friday 5th July 1811.
C&D N54W 124. Fresh breezes & mostly fine weather. Sailmaker as yesterday. Armourer at the Forge. Shifted the Fore Top Sail with the worst. Squally rain. At noon sent the Carpenter on Board the Commodore per Signal, found one of the Whalers had damaged her rudder. Shortened sail for the Ocean. Lat 4.25S Long 18.27W.

[Page 173:]
Ship Lord Keith from St Helena

Saturday 6th July 1811.
C&D N54W 149. A fresh Trade & fine weather throughout. Washed between decks. People working up junk. Exercised Great Guns & small arms. Pumped ship at 11inches. Lat 3.20S Long 20.27W.

Sunday 7th July 1811.
C&D N48W 127. Pleasant breezes & fine weather. AM Performed Divine Service. Lat 2.5S Long 22.1W.

[Page 174:]
Towards England.

Monday 8th July 1811.
C&D N48W 94. Light winds & sultry weather. People working up junk. Sailmaker on the old Driver. At noon the Commodore & Ocean Whaler hull down astern. Lat 1.6S Long 23.11W.

Tuesday 9th July 1811 C&D N45W 114. Moderate breezes & mostly fair weather. People making Matts, Rope etc. Sailmaker as yesterday. Armourer at the Forge. Lat 0.4S Long 24.36W.

[Crossing the Equator]

[Page 175:]
Ship Lord Keith from St Helena

Wednesday 10th July 1811.
C&D N62W 167. Fresh winds & sultry weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Washed between decks. Lat 2.25N Long 25.33W.

Thursday 11th July 1811.
C&D N20W 123. Pleasant breezes & sultry weather. PM shifted the Driver with the old one. People working up junk. Sailmaker middle stitching the 2nd best Fore Top Sail. Lat 4.19N Long 26.17W.

[Page 176:]
Towards England

Friday 12th July 1811.
C&D N65W 92. Moderate winds & mostly fair weather. Employed working up junk. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 5.58N long 26.26W.

Saturday 13th July 1811.
C&D North 86. Variable winds with squalls & much rain. AM cleaned between decks. Variable heavy rain. Lat 7.37N Long 26.31W.

[Page 177:]
Ship Lord Keith from St Helena

Sunday 14th July 1811.
C&D North 118. Variable winds with much rain. Weather too unsettled to admit of Divine Service. Lat 9.11N Long 26.31W.

Monday 15th July 1811.
C&D North 86. Variable winds & weather with much rain. PM Split the fore Top Sail, shifted it with the best. AM Shifted the Main Top Gallant Sail with the best, the other being split. At 7am saw a Strange Brig to the NE the Commodore brought her to when she shewed American Colours. Lat 10.37N Long 26.31W.

[Page 178:]
Towards England

Tuesday 16th July 1811.
C&D N20E 36. Variable wind with sultry weather with much rain. People under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top Gallant Sail. Lat 11.11N Long 26.19W.

Wednesday 17th July 1811.
C&D N15W 55. Light winds & sultry weather. People working up junk. Cleaned between decks. Shifted the Main Top Gallant with the worst. Sailmaker on the Fore Top Sail. Lat 11.28N Long 26.33W.

[Page 179:]
Ship Lord Keith from Bengal

Thursday 18th July 1811.
C&D --. Light variable winds & sultry weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat (obs) 12.35N Long --. Dist 50 miles.

Friday 19th July 1811.
C&D N10W 45. Light winds variable & sultry weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker as per days past. Lat 13.19N Long 26.41W.

[Page 180:]
Towards England

Saturday 20th July 1811.
C&D N62W 38. Light winds & cloudy weather. People variously employed. Sailmaker on the best Mizen Top Sail. At 6am saw a Strange Sail to the West. Diamede gave chase. Lat 13.30N Long 27.15W.

Sunday 21st July 1811.
C&D West 92. Moderate winds & hazy weather throughout. Shifted the Fore Top Sail with the 2nd best. At daylight Stranger in Company. Weather too unsettled to admit of Divine Service. Lat 13.2N Long 28.50W.

[Page 181:]
Ship Lord Keith from St Helena

Monday 22nd July 1811.
C&D N55W 44. Variable winds & sultry weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker middle stitching the best Mizen Top Sail. Lat 13.46N Long 29.27W.

Tuesday 23rd July 1811.
C&D N37W 55. Light breezes for the most part & sultry weather. PM Shifted the Main Top Sail with the new one to repair it. People making Matts. Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 14.29N long 30.11W.

[Page 182:]
Towards England

Wednesday 24th July 1811.
C&D N50W 98. Moderate winds & cloudy weather. People working up junk. Sailmaker as per days past. PM Received a man from the Diamede instead of Thos Short Quarter Master who entered at St Helena. Lat 15.31N Long 31.29W.

Thursday 25th July 1811.
C&D N58W 107. A moderate Trade & mostly fair weather. People working up junk. Sailmaker on the 2nd best Main Top Sail. The Commodore took the Ocean Whaler in Tow. Lat 16.20N Long 33.3W.

[Page 183:]
Ship Lord Keith from St Helena

Friday 26th July 1811.
C&D N18W 102. A fresh Trade & mostly fair weather. People under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the Main Top Sail. Lat 18.1N Long 33.37W.

Saturday 27th July 1811.
C&D N23W 110. A fresh Trade & hazy weather. Sailmaker as for days past. People working up junk. AM Cleaned between decks. The Diana made the Signal for having sprung a lower Yard. Lat 19.41N Long 34.23W.

[Page 184:]
Towards England

Sunday 28th July 1811.
A fresh Trade & cloudy weather. The unsettled state of weather prevented Divine Service. At 11am the Diomede took the Diana in tow.

Monday 29th July 1811.
C&D N33W 122. Pleasant breeze & fine weather throughout. Hove to for the Diana. Sailmaker repairing the2nd best Main Top Sail. People working up junk. Lat 23.12N Long 36.53 W.

[Page 185:]
Ship Lord Keith from St Helena

Tuesday 30th July 1811.
C&D N20W 120. Fresh winds & pleasant weather. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker on the Main Top Sail. PM the Diomede cast off the Diana. Lat 25.9N Long 37.39.

Wednesday 31st July 1811.
C&D N21W 136. Fresh winds & fair weather. People working up junk. Sailmaker as before. AM Split the Main Top Stay Sail. Shifted it with the best. Lat 27.6N Long 38.23W.

[Page 186:]
Towards England

Thursday 1st August 1811.
C&D N10W 136. Pleasant winds & fine weather. People working up junk. Sailmaker on the 2nd best Main Top Sail. Lat 29.28N Long 39.2W.

Friday 2nd August 1811.
C&D N12W 109. Moderate winds & fine weather. People working up junk. Sailmaker as yesterday. Armourer at the Forge. Lat 31.9N Long 39.29W.

[Page 187:]
Ship Lord Keith from St Helena

Saturday 3rd August 1811.
C&D N50W 60. Variable light winds & clear weather. People under the Boatswain. Sailmaker as before. AM Washed between decks & exercised Great guns & small arms. Lat 31.47N Long 40,23W.

Sunday 4th August 1811.
C&D N50W 68. Variable winds & fine weather. Weather too unsettled to admit of Divine Service. Saw a Stranger from the Masthead to the Northward. Lat 32.36N Long 41.26W.

[Page 188:]
Towards England

Monday 5th August 1811.
C&D North 54. Light winds variable & fair weather. Sailmaker mid stitching the 2nd best Fore Top Sail. People working up junk. At 4am saw a Strange Sail to ye NE. The Commodore chased her. At 10 she shewed Spanish Colours. Lat 33.31N Long 41.26W.

Tuesday 6th August 1811.
C&D N14W 42. Light variable winds & calm with sultry weather. Sailmaker as before. People working up junk. Lat 34.11N Long 41.38W.

[Page 189:]
Ship Lord Keith from St Helena

Wednesday 7th August 1811.
C&D N30E 78. Variable with rain during the latter part. Sailmaker as per days past. People variously employed. Lat 35.39N Long 40.50W.

Thursday 8th August 1811.
C&D N32E 67. Light winds variable & sultry weather. Sailmaker middle stitching the Fore Top Sail. People working up junk. Signal to steer a point more Easterly. Lat 36.56N Long 40.5W.

[Page 190:]
Towards England

Friday 9th August 1811.
C&D N59E 67. Light winds & fine weather. PM Shifted the Main top Sail & Main Top Mast Stay Sails with the worst. Roused up all our Sails to air & overhaul them. Lat 37.31N Long 38.54W.

Saturday 10th August 1811.
C&D N68E 92. Light winds & fair weather. Sailmaker repairing the Mid Stay Sail. People working up junk. Cleaned between decks. At daylight saw a Strange Sail to ye NW, The Diomede gave chase & brought her to. Lat 38.10N long 37.6W.

[Page 191:]
Ship Lord Keith from St Helena

Sunday 11th August 1811.
C&D N18E 88. Light winds & fine weather throughout. Attending to Telegraph Signals prevented our having Divine Service. At noon the Stranger bearing West dist. 2 miles. Signal to alter course. Lat 38.46N Long 35.22W.

Monday 12th August 1811.
C&D N82E 98. Variable light winds & fair weather. Sailmaker repairing the Mid Stay Sail. Roused the Sheet Cables upon deck to air & berth them. Lat 39.4N Long 33.17W.

[Page 192:]
Towards England

Tuesday 13th August 1811.
C&D N78E 62. Light winds variable & fine weather. Employed blacking the bends, Painting the masts etc. At 2am saw the Island of Flores [Azores] bearing EbS. At 6 saw a Strange Sail to the SW. At noon the body of Corvo [Azores] EbN & the extremes of Flores at E½S to SE½E dist off shore about 6 leagues. Lat 39.20N Long 31.58W.

Wednesday 14th August 1811.
C&D --. Light variable winds Calm with gusts at times from the land. At 7pm the Commodore gave permission to have communication with the shore. At midnight the extremes of Flores at ESE to ENE dist 6 leagues. At daylight out Boats & sent them ashore for Provisions. At noon the extremes of the Island at NEbE to S¼E dist off shore 7 miles. At noon the Boats returned with 9 Bullocks & Vegetables. Lat – Long --. Distance 26.

[Page 193:]
Ship Lord Keith from St Helena

Thursday 15th August 1811.
C&D N22E 30. Light winds variable and calm at times. At 6pm the extremes of Flores from SSW to SbE dist. 5 leagues. At 8pm Corvo E½E & Flores SbW. At noon the body of Corvo SbE & Flores S72W dist off shore about 10 leagues. The fleet much dispersed. Take my departure from Flores as it bore at noon Lat 39.33N Long 30.7W.

Friday 10th Aug 1811.
C&D --. Variable winds & fair weather. At 6pm Corvo SE½E Flores S¼E. At daylight Corvo SW71W & the Southern extremes of Flores W¾S dist off Corvo about 10 leagues. At noon Corvo W½S & Flores WSW dist off Corvo about 12 leagues. The Diamede not in company. Lt 40.0N Long 36.14W.

[Page 194:]
Towards England

Saturday 17 August 1811.
C&D N44W --. Moderate winds & fine weather. Sailmaker repairing the old Steering Sails. At 4pm Corvo bore SWbW dist. 14 or 15 leagues. Washed between decks. Exercised great Guns & small arms. Lat 40.52N Long 30.19W.

Sunday 18th August 1811.
C&D N17W 61. Variable winds during the first part latterly pleasant breezes. Weather too unsettled to perform Divine Service. At 11 the Commodore took the Ocean in Tow. Saw a Strange Sail. Lat 41.45N Long 31,43W.

[Page 195:]
Ship Lord Keith from St Helena

Monday 19th August 1811.
C&D N73E 77. Variable winds & mostly fair weather. Roused the small Bower Cable & serviced it. Sailmaker repairing the Lower Steering Sail. Lat 44.8N Long 30.3W.

Tuesday 20th August 1811.
C&D N14E 97. Variable winds & fair weather. The Commodore cast off the Ocean. Roused the best bower Cable up & laid in a whole & half Cable for service. The Commodore took the Ocean in Tow. Lat 43.42N Long 29.31W.

[Page 196:]
Towards England

Wednesday 21st August 1811.
C&D N30E 187. Moderate winds with hazy weather during the latter part. People employed under the Boatswain. AM cleaned between the decks. Sailmaker mid-stitching the best Fore Stay Sail. Shifted the Mizen Top Sail with the best. Lat 56.26N Long 27.19W.

Thursday 22nd August 1811.
C&D N54E 179. Fresh winds & mostly thick hazy weather. Shifted the Driver & Jibb with the best. People employed under the Boatswain. The Commodore cast of his Tow. Lat 48.11N Long 23.44W.

[Page 197:]
Ship Lord Keith from St Helena

Friday 23rd August 1811.
C&D N72E 188. Fresh winds & hazy weather for the most part. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the Jibb. Shifted the Mid Stay Sail with the best. The Commodore took the Ocean in tow. Lat49.9N Long 19.2W.

Saturday 24th August 1811.
C&D N76E 172. Fresh breezes with squally weather. Rain at times. People variously employed. Sailmaker as before. Lat 49.53N Long 16.30W.

[Page 198:]
Towards England

Sunday 25th August 1811.
C&D East 133. Variable winds & cloudy weather. At 3pm The Stranger passed through the fleet. At 5am saw a Strange Brig to the SW standing to the NE. The unsettled state of the weather prevented Divine Service. Lat 49.54N Long 12.3W.

Monday 26th August 1811.
C&D S38E 159. First part variable rain, latterly a pleasant breeze & fair. Sailmaker on the old Jibb. AM bent the Bower Cables. Lat 49.48N Long 7.59W.

[Page 199:]
Ship Lord Keith from St Helena

Tuesday 27th August 1811.
C&D S84E 178. Fresh breezes throughout with variable weather. At half past 8am saw the Scilly Islands bearing NE distance about 10 miles. At 9am St Agnes Lighthouse NE¾N the body of the Island of St Mary NE½E dist. about 3 leagues. Lat 49.29N Long 4.4W.

Wednesday 28th August 1811.
C&D --. Variable winds & mostly fine weather. At 4pm the land about the Lizard bearing NEbE & at the Lighthouses NbE½E & the extremes at NE½N to N ½ W dist. Off shore 4 or 5 leagues. At sunrise Start Point bearing NNE½E Bolt Head [Devon] NNW. Bent the Sheet Cable & unstowed the Anchors. At noon the extremes of the land at NW to NNW dist. Off shore about 7 leagues. Lat (obs) 50.4N. Dist. 125 miles.

[Pages 200 & 208:]
A Continuation of Captn Campbell’s Journal, Commander of the H.E.I.C. Ship Lord Keith.

[Page 208:]
Towards Blackwall

Thursday 29th August 1811.
C&D --. Pleasant breezes & fair weather throughout. People as requisite. At half past 7pm saw the land off Portland bearing NE. At 6pm The Bill of Portland SEbN. St Albans Head NEbE. At 7pm the Portland Lights bore NNE½E dist. 6 or 7 leagues. At midnight the Portland Light NbE. At 2am saw the Needles Light bearing ENE. At 8am Dunnose WbN½N dist 3 leagues. At noon the extremes of the land at EbN to WbN. The Town of Brighton NbE. The Owers Light Vessel NW72W. dist. Off shore 5 or 6 leagues. Lat -- Long –. Dist. 111 miles.

Friday 30th August 1811.
First part moderate breezes with unsettled weather. Latter variable winds & fine weather. At 4pm Beachy Head NEbN dist. Off shore 3 leagues. Extremes of the land at NW to EbN½N. At 4pm Beachy Head bore NWbW. The High Land of Farleigh EbN½N. At 7pm The extremes of the land at NNE to NNW. At 8pm The Ness Light ENE. At 10 the Ness Light EbN. At half past 11pm saw the South Foreland Light bearing NEbE. At midnight the S. Foreland Light NEbE½E. At 2am Mr Robert Gravener, Pilot came on board & took charge of the ship. At 10am anchored in the Downs with the Bower in 8fms. South Foreland bearing SW. Deal Castle W½N. North Foreland NEbN dist off shore about 1 league.

[Page 201:]
[Blank sheet]

[Page 202:]
Lord Keith

Friday 30th August 1811.
At 4pm weighed & made Sail. A light breeze at SW. Ran through the Gull Stream & at 10pm anchored in 8½fms. The North Foreland SSW, Margate WNW. This log contains 36 hours & ends at midnight to regulate the Harbour Log.

[end of Ships Log]

[start of Harbour Journal]

Saturday 31st.
Light variable winds & fine weather. At 4am weighed & made Sail & worked up. At 11 anchored in 10fms. The Buoy of the Mouse NEbE. The Lower Buoy of the Oaze SEbE. At 5pm weighed & made Sail. Wind variable. Got aground on the lower part of the Blythe Sand, but got off immediately with the assistance of the Compys Yacht. At 11pm anchored in the Holy Haven in 8½fms.

Sunday 1st September 1811.
Strong winds variable at W to NW. At half past 4am weighed & made sail. Employed working up. At 10 Mr Christ’n Paskley came on board & took charge of the ship. At 11am anchored in 10fms off Gravesend. Captn Campbell left the ship. Mr Atkinson Compys Surveyor came on board.

Monday 2nd.
Light winds variable & fine weather. At half past 7 weighed & worked up to Purfleet. Anchored in 8fms. Employed variously.

Tuesday 3rd.
Light winds North Easterly. At 11am weighed & made Sail & at half past anchored at Blackwall. Hauled alongside the [Earl] Spencer at the Tier above the Hulk.

Wednesday 4th.
Fresh breezes from the Eastward & fine weather. Employed delivering the Sails & other Stores. Riggers dismantling ship. Captn Wheatstone & Invalids went on shore.

Thursday 5th.
Ditto winds & weather. Employed as yesterday. PM The Spencer hauled into the Dock & we hauled & lashed alongside the Beschermer Hulk.

Friday 6th.
Moderate breezes at Eastward & fine weather. AM Employed delivering empty butts & Sundry other Stores. At 1pm cast off from the hulk & hauled into the Basin.

[Page 203:]
Lord Keith at Blackwall

Saturday 7th September 1811.
Light breezes & fine pleasant weather. At 7am Mr ford came on board & hauled the ship into the inner Dock. Lumpers employed cleaning the ship. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Sunday 8th.
Docks shut up.

Monday 9th.
Light winds & pleasant weather. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Tuesday 10th.
Ditto winds & weather. Employed delivering Passengers Baggage. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Wednesday 11th.
Light winds SE & pleasant weather. Employed delivering Baggage & Wine on account of Individuals. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Thursday 12th.
Moderate breezes at ye Eastward & fine weather. Not at work. 1st Officer on board.

Friday 13th.
Ditto winds & weather. Not at work. 1st Officer on board.

Saturday 14th.
Light breezes & Easterly & fine weather, Not at work. – Officer on board.

Sunday 15th.
Docks shut up.

Monday 16th.
Moderate breezes & fine weather. Not at work. 1st & 3rd Officers.

Tuesday 17th.
Fine breezes Eastward, Pleasant weather. Not at work. 1st & 3rd Officers on board.

Wednesday 18th.
A light bereeze at NE, fine weather. Not at work. Mr R Bethune on Board as 1st Officer.

[Roderick Bethune was born on the Isle of Skye 2 Dec 1775. He was seaman four voyages from the Clyde to Jamaica 5y; 2nd mate two voyages to Bergan 2y; 5th mate Lord Thurlow 1796/7; 4th mate Lord Thurlow 1798/9; 3rd mate Henry Dundas 1800/1; 3rd mate Ocean (4) 1802/3; 2nd mate Cumberland 1804/5; 1st mate Ocean (6) 1807/8; 1st mate City of London 1811/2. Presumably on 18th September 1811 he was in port and free to serve.]

Thursday 19th.
Winds & weather as yesterday. Not at work. 1st Officer on Board.

Friday 20th.
Light airs at Eastwards & sultry weather. Not at work. 1st Officer on board.

[Page 204:]
Lord Keith E.I. Docks

Saturday 21st September 1811.
First part light variable airs & sultry weather. Latter passing & westerly winds. Not at work. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Sunday 22nd.
Docks shut up.

Monday 23rd.
SW winds & cloudy weather with rain, Not at work. 1st Officer on board.

Tuesday 24th.
Light breezes at ye SW & fine weather, Not at work. 1st & 4th Officers on board.

Wednesday 25th.
Strong westerly winds & cloudy weather with rain throughout. Not at work. Officers on board 1st & 4th.

Thursday 26th.
First part cloudy with light showers of rain. Latte clear. Winds at SW. not at work. Officers on board 1st & 4th.

Friday 27th.
Westerly winds with heavy rains. Not at work. Officers on board 1st & 4th.

Saturday 18th.
Wind SW cloudy weather. Not at work. Officers 1st & 3rd.

Sunday 29th.
Docks shut up.

Monday 30th.
Southerly winds & fine weather. Not at work Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Tuesday 1st October 1811.
SW winds & cloudy weather with showers of rain. Not at work. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Wednesday 2nd.
SW winds & cloudy weather. Not at work. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Thursday 3rd.
Ditto winds & cloudy with showers at times. Not at work. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Friday 4th.
Ditto winds & weather. Hauled into a working berth at 7am & commence delivering goods on Freight. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

[Page 205:]
Lord Keith E.I. Docks

Saturday 5th October 1811.
Fresh breezes & cloudy weather with rain at times. Employed delivering Goods on Freight, Private Trade. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Sunday 6th.
Docks shut up.

Monday 7th.
Fresh breezes & cloudy weather. Employed delivering Goods on Freight & some Private Trade. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Tuesday 8th.
Moderate breeze & cloudy weather. Employed delivering Wine etc. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Wednesday 9th.
Moderate breezes & fine weather. Employed delivering Su- on acct of the Hble Co. & Indigo on acct of the individuals. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Thursday 10th.
Light winds & cloudy weather. Employed as yesterday. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Friday 11th.
Moderate breezes, fine weather. Employed as before. Opened the Fore Hold Hatches. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Saturday 12th.
Fresh breezes cloudy weather with some rain in the last part. Employed as before. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Sunday 13th.
Docks shut up.

Monday 14th.
Moderate breeze & cloudy weather with rain. Employed when the weather would permit delivering Cargo. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Tuesday 15th.
Light breezes & fine weather. Employed delivering Goods on Freight etc. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Wednesday 16th.
Light winds & fine weather. Employed as yesterday. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Thursday 17th.
Moderate breeze & fine weather. Employed as for days past. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

[Page 206:]
Lord Keith E. I. Docks

Friday October 18th 1811.
Ditto winds & weather. Employed as yesterday. Hauled the ship abreast the Salt Petre Warehouses. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Saturday 19th.
Moderate breezes. Cloudy weather with rain in the first part. Employed delivering Salt Petre on acct of the H. Compy. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Sunday 20th.
Docks shut up.

Monday 21st.
Fresh breezes cloudy weather. Employed delivering Salt Petre on acct of the Honble Company. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Tuesday 22nd.
Moderate breezes, fine weather. Employed as yesterday. Officers 2nd (Mr Brook).

Wednesday 23rd.
Moderate breezes clody weather. Employed as before. Officers 2nd. (Mr Brook).

Thursday 24th.
Light winds with drizzling rain at times. Delivered the Salt Petre. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Friday 25th.
Moderate breeze & fine weather. Struck the Guns down to the Hold. Otherwise employed delivering Redwood. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Saturday 26th.
Fresh breezes & unsettled & rainy weather. Employed delivering Redwood. & otherwise preparing ship for clearing. Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

Sunday 27th.
Docks shut up.

Monday 28th.
Moderate breezes & cloudy weather. Delivered the remainder of the Redwood. At 1pm hauled into the outward dock. At 2pm H. M. Officers of Customs & Excise came on board & cleared the ship – Officers on board 1st & 3rd.

This is the continuation of my original journal.
Witness. C Collingwood; Peter Campbell.

[Page 208: - blank]

[Page 208 - Transferred to correct place in page 201.]

[Page 209: - blank]

[Page 210: - blank]

END OF JOURNAL & LOG


[Page 211: - blank]

Received at Bengal 7th March 1811
Passenger for Ld Keith from Bengal to England
1 Mrs Sturt
Went on shore 29th August 1811 at Portsmouth
2 Mrs Campbell
Went on shore 30th August 1811 at Deal
3 Mrs Shairp
Went on shore 30th August 1811 at Deal
4 Mrs Dyer
Went on shore 29th August 1811 at Portsmouth
5 Mrs Wheatstone

6 J L N Sturt Esqre H C Civil Service Went on shore 29th August 1811 at Portsmouth
7 Lt Col G S Browne 17th Regt N I Went on shore 29th August 1811 at Portsmouth. [1804 - 2nd Brigade. Lt.-Col. G. S. Browne, i and 2/1 5 th, i/2ist Bengal N.I. - ref: National Archives. He fought under Colonel Manson in the war against Maharaja Yashwantrao Holkar.]
8 Major Norman Shairp 12 Regt N I Went on shore at Deal 30th August 1811
9 Captn J Naughan 21st Regt N I Went on shore at Deal 30th August 1811
10 Captn J Wheatstone H M 53rd Went Went on shore at Greenwich 4th Sept 1811
11 Captn A G B Martin 8th Regt N I Went on shore at Gravesend 2nd Sept 1811
12 Lt Com Gregory 3rd Regt N I Went on shore at Gravesend 2nd Sept 1811

Children

1 Miss Ann Sturt 2 years old Went on shore at Portsmouth 29 August 1811
2 Miss Mary Ann Eliza Shairp 2 years old Went on shore at Deal 30 August 1811
3 Miss Amelia Dyer 2 years old Went on shore at Portsmouth 29 August 1811
4 Miss Janet Wheatstone 6 years old Landed at Blackwall 4th Septr 1811
5 Miss Maria Amelia Hashe 5 years old Landed at Portsmouth 29 August 1811
6 Mastr Richd Powell 6 years old Landed at Portsmouth 29 August 1811
6 Mastr Sackville Casement 5 years old Landed at Portsmouth 29 August 1811. [George Sackville Browne Casement, KCB, was educated at Eton, the only son of Major-General Sir William Casement and Amelia his wife. He was a Member of the Supreme Council of Calcutta and died 8th April 1843. His large memorial is in Kensal Green Cemetery, London.]
6 Mastr John Wheatstone 6 years old Landed at Greenwich & Blackwall 4th Septr 1811
7 Mastr Edwd Wheatstone 4 years old Landed at Greenwich 4th Septr 1811
8 Mastr Geor Wheatstone 2 years old Landed at Greenwich 4th Septr 1811
9 Mastr Henry Wilson 6 years old Landed at Blackwall 4th Septr 1811
10 Miss Sharp Daughter of Capt Sharp born at sea Landed at Deal 30th August 1811

Servants

1 Joseph Keene Servt to Mrs Sturt Landed at Portsmouth 29th August 1811
2 Pyrun Native servt to Mrs Sturt Landed at Portsmouth 29th August 1811
3 Frank Native servt to Mrs Sturt Landed at Portsmouth 29th August 1811
4 Mary Ann Dudana Native servt to Mrs Dyer At Portsmouth 29th August 1811
5 Sophy Luthman Native servt to Mastr Wilson At Blackwall 4th Septr 1811
6 Betsy Native servt to Mrs Shairp At Deal 30th August 1811
7 Julian Kosa Native servt to Mastr Powell At Portsmouth 29th August 1811
8 Thos Pollon Servant to Captn Martin At Portsmouth 29th August 1811

Charter Party Passengers

1 John Powell Supernumerary Artillery Honble Service Went ashore at Portsmouth 29th August 1811
2 Wm Williams Supernumerary Artillery Honble Service Went ashore at Portsmouth 29th August 1811

[Page 212:]


Charter Party Passengers Continued Received at Bengal the 1st of March 1811
3 Sergt Sarson H M 53rd Regt
4 Corpl Wilshire H M 53rd Regt
5 Wm Whittaker H M 53rd Regt
6 Robt Houston H M 53rd Regt
7 Jacob Fritts H M 53rd Regt Died at sea 3 July 1811
8 John Casseth H M 53rd Regt
9 Wm Stewart H M 53rd Regt
10 Sergt Mr Harrison H M 14th Regt
11 Wm Jenkins 24th Light Dragoons
12 Wm Dennis 17th Regiment Died 4th March 1811

Women

1 Mary McHarrison


Children

1 Bridget McHarrison aged 5 years old
2 Margt McHarrison aged 4 years old
3 Mary McHarrison aged 3 years old

Landed the above at Blackpool 4th Septr 1811
I do declare upon honor that the above are true and correct Lists of the ships Company and Passengers to the best of my knowledge and belief.

Peter Campbell [signed] Witness C Collingwood [signed]


The Ledger & Pay Book for this voyage has not been transcribed.


APPENDIX 1

Notes and Glossary

  1. Called to Quarters - in this context means called to action stations.
  2. Country Ships - Honourable East India Company's ships that plied between ports in the Eastern seas.
  3. ODNB - Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
  4. Editor's notes in square brackets.
  5. Extra ships - ships built in India and hired by the HEICS for a particular voyage. These were often made from better materials than those made in Britain and were considered to be longer lasting (The East Indiamen by Russell Miller).
  6. Hull Down - so far away the hull is out of sight below the horizon.
  7. Letters of Marque - A Government licence given to the owners of private ships during the time of war, commissioning them to attack and seize the ships or property of the enemy.
  8. NI = Native Infantry.
  9. The Ship's Log contains the Sea Log where entries are from noon the day before to noon on the date of entry. The Harbour Journal contains the normal 24 hours from midnight. It also seems that hour by hour events are put on the left side of the Journal form as they happen and then the Captain sits down after midday to write up the highlights of the previous 24 hours on the right side.


APPENDIX 2

Glossary of Abbreviations and Terms
Abbreviations in the log have been expanded where possible.

Please see the Wikipedia Glossary of nautical terms for additional information.

Cable's length (distance): tenth of a nautical mile (approx 101 fathoms).
1 Fathom: 6 Feet (1.8 metres).
1 league: 3 statute miles (4.828032 km) on land or 3 Nautical miles = 3.45 land miles, (5.556 km at sea). On land it was the distance one could walk in about an hour.
Nautical miles: 1.151 miles approx. The nautical mile is based on the circumference of the Earth and is equal to one minute of latitude.


Arrack: distilled alcoholic drink made from the sap of coconut flowers.
Bales: of cloth.
Bankshall: is a warehouse in the East Indies.
Bar: of sand etc., across river mouth.
Bateing: Lowering, letting down, depressing.
Beating: sailing as close as possible towards the wind (perhaps only about 60°) in a zig-zag course to attain an upwind direction to which it is impossible to sail directly; also known as tacking.
Bend, bent: to tie or attach.
Billet wood: wood for living quarters.
Bobstay: a stay which holds the bowsprit downwards, counteracting the effect of the forestay. Usually made of wire or chain to eliminate stretch.
Bowsprit Shrouds: ropes extending from the head of the Bowsprit to the bow & sides of the vessel.
Bumkin: sometimes Bumpkin - an iron bar or spar projecting from the ship’s side.
Butter nut: probably butternut squash for drinking.
C&D: course & distance.
Can/Cann: Indian hemp.
Careened: cleaning the underside of the ship of barnacles etc.
Carronade: a short smoothbore, cast iron cannon, which was used by the Royal Navy and first produced by the Carron Company in the 1770s.
Catharpining: short ropes or iron clamps used to brace in the shrouds toward the masts.
Cathead:  To prepare an anchor, after raising it by lifting it with a tackle to the cat head, prior to securing it alongside for sea. An anchor raised to the cat head is said to be catted.
Caulk: sealing crevices in deck etc.
Caulker: a filler and sealer.
Chaldron: bushels = 8 gallons.
Chist: a bag or chest containing items belonging to a sailer.
Chops: [of tea] sealed boxes.
Chow chow chop: last boat with small & personal items.
Cleat (Clete): a T shaped piece of metal or wood to which ropes are attached..
Cockets: Seals belonging to the King’s Custom House or a sealed document with certificates showing that duty had been paid on the merchandise.
Coiar [coir]: A rope made from the fibre of the Coconut in Malaysia.
Congo: "chops of congo tea" were loaded onto East Indiamen at Whampoa, China for export to England.
Conn: Position for directing a ships steerage, helm etc. (Hence modern: Conning-tower on a submarine).
Cordage: rope.
Courses down: all sails attached to lowest yards.
Crossjack: a square yard used to spread the foot of a topsail where no course is set, e.g. on the foremast of a topsail or above the driver on the mizzen mast of a ship rigged vessel.
Cuddy: a small cabin in a boat.
Cutter: small boat fitted for rowing or sailing.
D'ft: draft, depth of boat or ship.
Dawk boat: An old postal system used in Pakistan.
Dials: sense not known.
Disrate: to reduce in rank or rating; demote.
Divisions: Parade of Ships Crew.
Dolphin striker: a short near vertical spar under the bowsprit.
Dunnage: packing to protect cargo.
F'ms: fathoms.
False Fire: Used for signalling at sea at night. A composition which burned with a blue flame was packed into a wooden tube and when ignited would burn for several minutes.
Fidded: small wooden bar attached to a small mast in the upper rigging.
Fish pieces: to repair a mast or spar with a fillet of wood.
Flints: hard stone.
Fluted the fore rigging: Meaning not sure, perhaps a form of tying and folding the rigging.
F'ded: folded.
F'wd: forward, front of ship.
Frapping: to frap, the use of rope to bind.
Gaff: repair a mast or spar with a fillet of wood.
Gall't: gallant, a top sail.
Gammoned: the lashing of ropes.
Gang cask: a gang is a narrow platform on a deep-waisted ship leading from the quarter-deck to the forecastle. Presumably these casks were set on this gang.
Giggar: see Jigger.
Grapnals: A small anchor with several flukes.
Gunwale: Gun Whale - upper edge of side of ship.
Gig: Captain's gig: A light narrow ship’s boat generally rowed, at the disposal of the ship's captain for his use in transportation to other ships or to the shore.
Gunter: The gunter is defined as a wire that leads from one point near the end of a gaff to a point near the other end. A vessel with a gunter rigged mainsail is called a gunter rig.
Halse/Hawse: the shaft or hole in the side of a vessel's bow through which the anchor chain passes.
H C'ys: Honourable Company.
Hoppo: Chinese Customhouse Officers - overseers.
Hoy: a type of wherry, barge, bark, lighter, under the general description of river craft, used for transporting cargo to and from ship etc.
Hull down: ship almost beyond the horizon, only showing the sails.
Inclinable: favourable.
Jiggermast & sails: a jiggermast is a fourth mast set at the stern of the ship and carrying triangular sails.
Jolly boat: a type of small ship's boat used to ferry personnel & small items to & from the ship.
Junk: old ropes, cables, oakum etc.
Jury: a temporary sail or mast, often used in an emergency.
Kedge: anchor used for warping.
Kentledge: pig-iron etc. used for ballast - "so as to avoid tilts and shifts".
Launch: shallow draft boat.
Lazeretto: a small stowage locker at the aft end of a boat, sometimes used as a quarantine.
Leadsman: A sailor who takes soundings with a lead.
Letters of Marque: A Government licence given to the owners of private ships during the time of war, commissioning them to attack and seize the ships or property of the enemy.
Lights: lightning.
Lighters: Flat bottomed boats used for transporting cargo to a wharf, see under 'Hoy'.
Limber: detachable gun carriage.
Lumber: labourer for unloading cargo.
Martingale: lower stay of rope used to sustain strain of the forestays.
Mats, Matts: a thick web of rope yarn used to protect the standing rigging from the friction of other ropes.
Mechanics: Tradesmen .
Messenger: An endless rope or chain passing from the capstan to the cable to haul it in.
Miz: mizzen; the third and smallest mast.
Mizzling: thick mist or fine rain.
Muller: used for grinding paint colours.
Mungeet: The Bengal Madder or Munjeet, a plant whose roots are used for dying.
Nipper: short rope used to bind a cable to the moving line propelled by the capstan.
Oakum: used for sealing crevices in deck etc.
Offing: a position at a distance from shore.
Owers Light: off Selsley Bill.
Paddy: Rice with the husk or in the Straw.
Paying: filling a seam with caulking or pitch.
Pendante: A length of wire or rope secured at one end to a mast or spar and having a block or other fitting at the lower end.
People: Captain Rawes describes his crew as 'people'.
Puddening: Fibres of old rope packed between spars, or used as fender.
Quoins: Tapered blocks, probably used to prevent guns and barrels from moving.
Rattan: Tough stems of palms used for wickerwork, canes, sticks etc.
Rattling: working on rigging etc.
Roads: The term Roads (short for roadstead) indicates the safety of a port; as applied to a body of water, it is a partly sheltered area of water near a shore in which vessels may ride at anchor".
Reg'g: replacing.
Reeving: threading a line through blocks (& tackle).
Rep'r: repairing.
Requisite: required by circumstances.
Rouse: haul by force.
Rowed/row/road guard: communicating by flag.
Salt petre, beating of: meaning not known.
Scuttle: a small opening, or lid thereof, in a ship's deck or hull.
Serang: a native captain of a crew of sailors in the East Indies.
Shift: change or alter.
Shockbury: Shoeburyness.
S'l/Sig'l: signal.
Sinnet & Spun yarn: to do with rope making.
Skysails: A sail set very high, above the royals. Only carried by a few ships.
Spanker: A full-rigged ship has a spanker sail aft but not a spanker-mast.
Spoke: an action - not sure of context in this case.
Spring, sprung: split or cracked.
Spritsail: is a four sided sail usually laced on to the mast along its luff. It can range from almost square to having a pronounced peak. It may or may not have a boom, but it will always have a sprit. A sprit is a spar which supports the peak of the sail.
Standing: the fixed part of rigging that support the masts.
Stayed: secure with stays.
Steerage: Section of a ship for inexpensive accommodation with no individual cabins.
Stilt: Not known in this sense.
Stream 'anchor': A light anchor for use with a bower in narrow waterways.
Studding Gear / Sails: Long and narrow sails, used only in fine weather, on the outside of the large square sails.
Sun: Sunn-hemp – Indian Hemp.
Sway: to move or hoist.
Swayed: moved.
Swifters: a pair of shrouds fixed above the other shrouds for swifting or stiffening a mast.
Syrang: An official in India, someone in charge of a harbour craft.
Tierces: casks or crates.
Tindal: a petty officer among lascars, or native East Indian sailors; a boatswain's mate; .
Trimming: preparation for sailing.
Trestle-tree: two pieces of timber, horizontally fore & aft on opposite sides of the mast-head to support the cross-trees & mast above.
Trussel: a furled sail.
Turned: the action, in this case, of punishment such as being tied to the mast.
Twanky Tea: an inferior grade of green tea.
Trow: a small river sailing craft, much used on the river Severn.
Twined: the act of tying a man of object to the mast.
Unbent: detached.
V'ble: variable.
Warping: moving ship from one place to another.
Waist: the central deck of a ship between the forecastle and the quarterdeck.
Waist anchors: spare anchors for use in emergency.
W'r: weather.
Weigh: raise anchor before sailing.
Whiskers: spreaders from the bows to spread the bowsprit.
Wore ship: is a past tense form of "wear ship": to turn away from the wind.
Yawl: A rowboat on davits at the stern of the ship.


APPENDIX 3

Bibliography:

  • Barnettmaritime Internet Site on the explanation and history of the HEICS www.barnettmaritime.co.uk.
  • Contemporary Newspaper and Journals.
  • Miller, Russell: "The East Indiamen" publ. Time-Life Books 1980.
  • Cotton, E: "East Indiamen - The East India Company's Maritime Service" London 1949.
  • East India Company Archive - British Library. Ref: L/MAR/B/217C. Journal and Log of the H.E.I.C. Ship Huddart 10 March 1806 to 6 October 1807.
  • Eicships.threedecks.org for information concerning types of ships in the HEICS see: www.eicships.threedecks.org.
  • Farrington, A: "Catalogue of The East India Ship's Journals and Logs. 1600 - 1834". British Library 1999.
  • Farrington, A: "A Biographical Index of East India Company Maritime Officers 1600 - 1834". British Library. 1999.
  • Fay, Peter Ward "The Opium War, 1840-1842". First published 1975.
  • Gosse, P: "St. Helena 1502 - 1938" Oswestry 1990. First published London 1938.
  • Hardy, C: "Register of Ships - The East India Company 1760 - 1810" London 1811.
  • Horsburgh, John Directions for sailing to and from the East Indies, China, New Holland and the Cape of Good Hope". Published 1811.
  • Keay, J. "The Honourable Company - A History of the English East India Company". London 1991.
  • Lavery, Brian: "The Ship of the Line 1650-1850" 2 Vols. Published Conway Maritime Press 1983.
  • Macgregor, David: "Index of Merchant Sailing Ships, 1775-1815" Navel Institute Press 2001. First published London 1985.
  • Parkinson, C Northcote: "Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813" Cambridge UP 1937.
  • Pbenyon Internet Site dedicated to information on HMS ships of the period: www.pbenyon.plus.com.
  • East_Indiamen: www.wow.


APPENDIX 4

Captain Rawes

Richard Rawes, was born 2nd July, probably at the Rawes Academy, and baptised Bromley, Kent 28th July 1787. He was the second son of Richard and Mary Rawes of Bromley. His father ran the Rawes Academy in Bromley High Street, and it was almost certainly here that Richard was educated. He served in the HEICS from 1801 to 1831. His last voyage was in 1825/6. He is recorded as working at India House from 1829 till 1831 as Deputy Attendant in the Department of Clerk to the Committee of Shipping & paymaster of Seaman’s wages. At India House his superior was Captain John Valentine Baker, himself an experienced HEICS Officer, born in Bristol in 1774, his one recorded Command was on the Fame (3) in 1801 & 1803.

There is a reference to Captain Rawes in Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813 by Northcote & Parkinson, publ. Cambridge UP 1937, that gives an interesting, although not very attractive, aspect to the character of Richard Rawes:-

In most Indiamen a flogging was a rare event, inflicted for mutinous behaviour or attempted desertion. A dozen lashes at the gangway might be the maximum punishment with men like Captain Larkins or Captain Grant in command. A certain Captain Rawes, however was said to give two dozen as a minimum.
It has been noted during the transcription of these journals that heavy punishment for theft, insolence, drunkenness, disobeying orders etc., was by no means a rare event. Owing to the characters on board, the confined living conditions and the lengthy journeys, strict discipline had to be kept at all times. Whether this supports Captain Rawes is for the reader to judge.

Richard married at St. Michael & All Angels, Houghton-le-Spring 11 October 1813, Harriet, the daughter of Joseph & Elizabeth Cantwell. They subsequently had two children, Richard Joseph, baptised Bromley 5th April 1815, and Harriet Mary, baptised Bromley 1st June 1825. Both of their children died within a few months of their births. His wife died in 1828 aged 38. There is a touching letter to his cousin the Rev. John Hodgson, dated 2nd July 1829, which gives an indication of his grief over the loss of his wife. He died in 1831, being buried in Bromley churchyard 27th October 1831, aged 44. Wall memorials to him and his family were in Bromley church but the church was destroyed in WW2.

Richard became a midshipman in 1801 when he sailed on the HSC Northampton under Captain Robert Barker to Bombay and Bengal. The Northampton's principal owners were Moses Agar, John Crosthwaite and George Palmer. His voyages are recorded by Farrington:- Rawes, Richard (1784)sic., b 2 Jul & bap 28 Jul 1784sic, Bromley, Kent, so of Richard & Mary, midshipman NORTHAMPTON (2) 1801 to Bengal; 4th mate NORTHAMPTON (2) 1802/3 to Bengal; 3rd mate NORTHAMPTON (2) 1804/5 to Bengal; 2nd mate NORTHAMPTON (2) 1806/7 to Bengal; 1st mate LORD KEITH 1809/10 to Bengal; Capt. JULIANA 1811/2 to Batavia; Capt. WARREN HASTINGS (5) 1814/5, 1818/9, 1822/23 & 1824/5 to China.

There is a record of a ship called Northampton (3 under Farrington), that sailed to Australia in 1816 with 110 female convicts on board. See Wikipedia. Wikipedia however assumes, probably rightly, that Northampton 2 & 3 are one and the same ship.

Plants from China
Although Captain Rawes' main cargo would have been tea, he was also involved in bringing new varieties of plants back to England, notably Camellias, for his sister Elizabeth Palmer and brother-in-law Thomas Carey Palmer. The Palmers were plant collectors and lived at The Oakery, a large house near Bromley, Kent and within a short distance from the Rawes Academy, the home of Richard’s father and brother. In 1820 Captain Rawes was responsible for introducing the 'Camellia Reticulata' from Canton into England. The plant was subsequently named ‘Captain Rawes’ in his honour. He is also accredited to bringing in the plant 'primula Sinensis'.


Camellia Reticulata 'Captain Rawes'


Primula Sinensis


APPENDIX 6

Rawes Pedigree

                            William = Isabel
                              Rawes | Wilson
                     Farmer in Shap,|
                        Westmorland |
              -----------------------------------------
              |                                       |
           Richard                             William Wilson
         (Rawes Academy)                       Farmer in Shap
         in Bromley, Kent                      = Esther Hudson 
         = Mary Thompson                       |
         |                                     |
   -----------------------        -----------------------
   |         |           |        |          |          |
Elizabeth  Robert     Richard   Robert    William    Richard = Mary Ann  
= Thomas   Booth      Captain   (Slate    (Officer   Ships   | Poynter
  Carey    (Rawes     HEICS     Quarrier  of Excise) Purser  |
  Palmer   Academy)   1787-1831                      HEICS   |
                                                   1785-1848 |
                                                             |
                                        -------------------------
                                        |                       |
                                     Mary Ann                William
                                     = Admiral George        Wilson
                                       Goldsmith RN          1816-1887
                                       son of John Goldsmith Deputy Insp.
                                       HEICS ship's Purser   General of
                                                             Hospitals
                                                             HEICS Madras
                                                             Establishment