THE HONOURABLE EAST INDIA COMPANY SERVICE

This is the Journal and Logbook of the Honourable East India Company Ship, the Cumberland on her voyage to India and China 1805-1806. Commanded by Captain William Ward Farrer.

PAGE UNDER CONSTRUCTION

EXTRACT

THE JOURNAL AND SHIP'S LOG ETC.

OF THE HON. COMPANY'S SHIP

CUMBERLAND

(DEPTFORD, LONDON, ENGLAND)

Written by The Commander, Captain William Ward Farrer

Voyage to India and China

14 Jan 1805 - 25 Oct 1806

(British Library Ref: L / MAR / B / 202B.)

Extracted by
Bryant G. Bayliffe & Julian A. Rawes
June 2018


Contents


The HEICS


East India House, Leadenhall Street, London, 1796-1861
from Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813.

The Library of the Honourable East India Company Service is housed in the British Library in Euston, London. The HEICS library contains many thousands of records including hundreds of ships’ journals, logs, ledgers & pay books. They are contained in large ledgers, the journals & logs in one tome with the ledgers and pay books in separate books. A catalogue of these records was published in 1999 by the British Library, titled ‘Catalogue of East India Company Ships’ Journals and Logs 1600-1834’ and edited by Anthony Farrington. Most of these records have not been microfilmed. If a copy is required then a microfilm copy is made at the expense of the purchaser to whom a photostat or CD is given. A useful site for the explanation on the HEICS library is: www.barnettmaritime.co.uk/mainheic.htm.

HEICS ships would leave from and return to London using a number of stopping points both in the Thames estuary and the south coast. Passengers would more than likely embark and disembark at these stopping points.


Map of the Thames estuary indicating some of the navigational points mentioned in the journals.

Until the opening of the East India Docks at Blackwall in 1806, Company ships moored on the tidal river alongside the Royal shipyards at Deptford. Deptford was the anchorage at the start of the Port of London. The ships moored alongside lines of moorings called tiers and all goods were offloaded on to lighters, hoys or barges and carried by them to wharves on shore or further up river.

Deptford from the South London Guide


1806 - the new East India docks at Blackwall
from Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813.


Circa 1830 - East India docks at Blackwall
from WWW.British-History.ac.uk.


Every attempt has been made to produce a faithful 'abridged' copy of the Journal and Log Book. A glossary along with explanatory notes has been added to help the reader to understand the transcript along with information of other ships and people noted in the Journal. It is realised that errors are possible owing to the difficulty of transcription. The Editor's notes can be found throughout set within square brackets.


Journals and Log Books,
along with Ledgers, Payment Books, Absence Books, Imprest books, Receipts &c.

The following can be divided into two types of domument, Journals, Logs and presumably Deck Logs, were created during the voyage by Officers on board ship and recorded every day events; Ledgers, Pay Books, Absence Books and Imprest Books were created by Company Officials based in London, and dealt with payments to the crew.

Journal & Log Book
A journal & log is a fascinating record of day-to-day events on board ship such as location, weather, repairs, washing decks, including the gun deck where the crew slept, discipline, loading and unloading, embarking and disembarking and external events. The Journal records everyone on board, their positions and status whether or not they left ship or perished, including passengers. There is also a distinction between the 'Harbour Journal' and the 'Sea Log'. The ledger starts as large blank pages given to the Commander, Purser or other Officers at the commencement of each voyage. The journal and log was dutifully created by the Commander or assigned officers and the resulting document, signed by the Commander and handed in at the end of the voyage. It was the duty of the ship's Purser to deposit the ship's journals etc. at Company headquarters.

Duplicate logs written on HEICS forms still survive in private hands as in the case of the Warren Hastings in 1825-6 and the Repulse in 1831-32. These have the appearance of being soiled and original as opposed to the rather clean copies handed in to India House. It is not known how many of these copies were kept on a particular voyage or are still extant but their survival must be rare. The keeping of copy journals by midshipmen and junior officers was probably encouraged for training purposes. On a rare occasion such as with the 1822/3 voyage of the ship 'London' to Madras and China, the Captains, the 3rd mate's, a midshipman's and another journal was lodged at Company Headquarters.

Under normal voyages Farrington's Catalogue of East India Company ships' Journals and Logs, usually lists a Journal (and Log Book), a Ledger and a Payment Book. There are occasions however, such as when the voyage of a ship is cut short, the Ledger and Payment Book are often replaced by that of an Absence Book and an Imprest Book. With that of the voyage of the Asia 1780-1783 however there is a surviving Journal, Ledger, Pay Book as well as an Imprest Book and Receipt Book. There does appear to be a direct correlation between the loss of a ship and the Absence, Imprest and Receipt books confirming that these were records based at Company Headquarters and never went to sea with the ship.

Absence Book
The Absence Book was an internal document used by Company Officials to keep a track on interim and final payments relating to individual members of the crew and was often accompanied by an Imprest Book. The Absence Book is as its name implies, an account of payments made to a representative of the crew member concerned such as a wife, mother, relative or friend. An example being Thomas Ainsley Cook, Boatswain on board the Ganges 1805-1807. In the Imprest Book he signed a receipt for £7 on 7th February 1805, presumably when or shortly after he entered service. In the Absence Book, while Thomas was at sea, Mary Cooke, presumably a relative, signed for and received £3.10 on 13th October 1805, "being one month absent". she again received interim payments of £3.10 on 15th April 1806, 15th October 1806 & 15th April 1807. He died at Bombay on 3rd February 1807. The Absence Book of the Ganges, which we have transcribed, is a volume containing payment forms, dealing with one crew member per page. Each page carries six printed receipt forms, usually only partially filled in.

Deck Log
Is a form of a Journal and Log Book.

Imprest Book
An Imprest Book, sometimes accompanied by an Absence or Receipt Book, is similar to a Pay Book but is a listing of payments made to the Crew member upon being hired. A more familiar term is the enforced 'pressing' or pressed used by the Royal Navy to hire seaman by force, hence the term 'Press Gang'. In our sense it is usually an advance payment to the hired seaman. Imprest records appear to survive when a voyage for whatever reason, whether shipwreck or otherwise, had been cut short. The money was often released by increment, sometimes after a considerable time, to either the crew member or his representative, which could be a member of his family. For more information see the Journal of the ship Ganges under the transcription of its Imprest Book.

Ledger
The following is based upon the transcribed Ledger of the ship Juliana. This is a book originally of blank forms prefaced by index pages. The index is arranged in alphabetical manner on pages divided in two so that columns for names beginning with A B appear on the first page. The forms are arranged two per page and are set out as per the following image.

The ledger is only partially filled, probably because the Juliana was only in service for two voyages. The first entry begins on 2nd May 1810 with image 16, with a voyage under Captain Toussaint to Bengal. The voyage under Captain Rawes begins with image 136. The last entry is on 24th September 1813, after the completion of a voyage under Captain Rawes from Batavia. There are blank pages both between the two voyages and after.

There are two forms per crew member, including the captain, and they are spread across two pages therefore when one opens the ledger there are two pages one and so on. Form one gives wages and deductions while the second form gives length of service and the amount received per month. There are usually two crew members on each two page. Each form can have two or more entries as they represent both salary and expenses covering the voyage.

Payment Book
Often accompanying a Ledger, the Payment Book is a book of printed receipts filled in and signed, either by the crew member or his assignee, depending on whether he was unable to sign or deceased etc. Each receipt is numbered which refers one back to the Ledger. There are four receipts per page. There is an image of the Ledger in the Journal & Log of the Juliana.

Receipt Book
A receipt Book is a Company document and is believed to be similar to a payment Book and often all there is left when a ship is lost with no surviving journal and log book. On another occasion a ship remained in India and there is only a Receipt Book and an Imprest Book, while on another occasion it accompanies a Ledger and Pay Book.


Cumberland


Image of the loss of the Ganges
extracted from http://blogs.bl.uk/untoldlives/2017/06/the-loss-of-the-east-indiaman-ganges.html.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cumberland_(1802_EIC_ship)

The third of her name attached to the Honourable East India Company, she was built by Wells, probably at Deptford, in 1797. Her maiden voyage was from England to St Helena, Benkulen [Singapore] and China, commencing in February 1797 under Captain Joseph Garnault; secondly with a voyage to Bombay and China under Captain Alexander Gray; thirdly to China under Captain William Moffat, in which she participated in an engagement with the French in the eastern seas called the 'Battle of Pulo Auro', in the Strait of Malacca, see the website: Wikipedia for the story; fourthly our ill-fated voyage under Captain Thomas Talbot Harington. This is the log of this her fourth and final voyage.


Example of a page from this Journal.
Monday 4th April 1831.

Farrington extract for this voyage:-
The extract from Catalogue of East India Company Ships’ Journals and Logs 1600-1834, edited by Anthony Farrington:-

CUMBERLAND: Built by Dudman, launched 1802, 3 decks, 4in bottom, length 165ft 6½in, keel 133ft 10in, breadth 42ft 1in, hold 17ft 2in, wing transom 25ft 10in, port cell 29ft 10in, waist 4ft, between decks 6ft 7in, 1260 tons. Principal Managing Owner: 1-6 William Borradaile, 7 Richardson Borradaile.

2 Madras and China
L/MAR/B/202B Journal 14 Jan 1805-25 Oct 1806
L/MAR/B/202H(1) Ledger
L/MAR/B/202H(2) Pay Book
Capt William Ward Farrer
Portsmouth 25 Apr 1805 - 23 Aug Madras - 18 Sep Penang -
22 Oct Malacca - 20 Dec Whampoa - 6 Feb 1806 Macao - 18 Mar Malacca
27 Mar Penang - 2 Jul St Helena - 13 Sep Long Reach.
* engagement with three French ships 7 Aug 1805.

The Convoy

Honourable East India Company Service ships were generally well armed and capable of holding their own against single adversaries. The Journals often mention the cleaning of guns and drills taking place. Passing Royal Navy ships would occasionally come alongside Company ships and press some of the crew. However, especially in times of war, Company ships would set sail in convoy, accompanied by a Royal Navy ship with the commander described as Commodore, this is unless the Commander is an Admiral in which he is described as the 'Admiral'. During the long voyage there would be a fair amount of 'watching out', both for each other and for 'strangers'. If a stranger was not identified quickly then the Royal Navy ship would peel off and give chase. Royal Navy ships would not necessarily be any larger than merchant ships, which had to provide cargo space but they were specifically prepared and better armed with their crew trained for war. A convoy would not remain fixed as there would be ships, both HEICS, Royal Navy ships and others peeling off or joining. This would be especially the case when the convoy reached its port of destination.

Seasonal weather patterns such as prevailing winds would play a part in when ships or convoys would leave England. January to July seems to have been the favoured time to set sail for the Far East.


Approaches to Bombay and Calcutta

HEICS ships bound for Bombay would sail up the west coast of India and various land marks were noted in the Journals as they approached Bombay.


The west coast of India.


HEICS ships bound for Calcutta had to navigate the Hooghly River with its tidal flows and sand banks as they headed for Saugor (Sagar), the main port for disembarkation. Various landmarks were noted in the Journals and the following link to a page on the Internet was of help with some of the names.


Part of the river Hooghly showing the island of Saugor (Sagar).


Approaches to Whampoa


Whampoa
Whampoa anchorage, now called Huangpu, on the Pearl river, was the import and export port
for all foreign ships entering China at Canton (Guangzhou), which is about 12 miles further up river.


Taken from The Opium War 1840-1842 by Peter Ward Fay.


Taken from The Opium War 1840-1842 by Peter Ward Fay.


Landmarks:
Directions for Sailing to and from the East Indies

John Horsburgh, The India Directory or Directions for sailing to and from the East Indies, China, Australia, and the interjacent ports of Africa and South America: originally compiled from the Journal of the Honourable Company's Ships, and from observations and remarks. First published in two volumes plus supplement in 1811, is a most interesting book which describes the route and landmarks to the Far East, including approaches to the ports of India and China. An electronic version of the book is available on the Internet.

  • Vol. 1: London to the Bay of Bengal.
  • Vol. 2: Bay of Bengal to China, &c.


News Reports

Image 1: Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh, Scotland), Monday March 4, 1805; issue 123025. British Library Newspapers, Pt. 1: 1800-1900.
Image 2: Caledonian Mercury 8 Jan 1807


List of Ships noted in this journal.

List of other ships mentioned in the Journal. Details of the ships have been added by the Editors from a number of sources. The reference is the page on which they are noted for the first time. The main sources for the HCS ships and for their commanders come from Farrington: Catalogue of East India Company's Ship' Journals. Another site used is: eicships.threedecks.org, a useful source for 'country' ships. Information on HM ships comes from the website: www.pbenyon.plus.com, and the Internet.

The outward bound convoy consisted of HMS Blenheim (Royal Navy), HMS Greyhound (Royal Navy), Ganges, Warley, Dorsetshire & Devonshire, Retreat, Earl Camden, City of London, Metcalf, Coutts, Preston, Castle Eden, Admiral Gardner, General Stewart, Lady Castlereagh, Cumberland Hope, Exeter, Ann.

The inward bound convoy consisted of HMS Concorde as escort ship, Lady Jane Dundas, Hugh Inglis, Monarch, Walthamstow, Harriet, Alexander, Ganges, Lord Castlereagh, Earl St Vincent, Bengal, Asia, Huddart, Lord Nelson.

Captain Harington used a number of descriptions for RN support ships: The Blenheim was under the command of Admiral Troubridge and accompanied the convoy from on its outward voyage and was either referred to by Captain Harington as the Blenheim or the 'Admiral'; the Greyhound was apparently either referred to by Captain Harington as the Greyhound or the 'Frigate'. See the following descriptions of the Blenheim and the Greyhound.

Page 10 HMS Blenheim Launched 5th July 1761, second rate, armament of 74 in 1790, reduced to 3rd rate in 1800. In April 1805 she sailed from England as support ship for the annual HEICS convoy. On Friday 6th September 1805 she set sail from Madras to Prince of Wales Island [Penang], with the China ships. In February 1807 she was lost, along with HMS Java, in a storm off the island Rodrigue in the Indian Ocean with all hands estimated at 590 souls, her then commander was Captain Austin Bissell. Those lost aboard the Blenheim included Admiral Sir Thomas Troubridge, Captain Austin Bissell, Captain Charles Elphinstone (nephew of Admiral Lord Keith), the midshipmen George, Lord Rosehill (eldest son and heir of Rear-Admiral the Earl of Northesk) and William Henry Courtenay (illegitimate son of Admiral the Duke of Clarence). Also lost was former HMS Bounty mutineer James Morrison. Her history is detailed on the sites www.pbenyon.plus.com & https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Blenheim_(1761).
Page 11 HMS Pearl A frigate launched at Chatham Dockyard in 1762, 6th rate, armament 32, length 125 feet, 683 tons. Nated by Captain Farrer of the Cumberland on Thursday 18th April 1805 at Portsmouth. She served in North America until 1773 when she sailed to England. In 1776 she returned to serve in the American War of Independance until 1786 when she was transferred to the Mediterranean only to return the the American scene. In 1802 she became a slop and receiving ship in Portsmouth when noted by Captain Farrer of the Cumberland in 1805. She was sold in disposed of in 1832. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Pearl_(1762) for her history.


HMS Pearl engaging the Santa Monica 1779,
taken from Wikipedia.

Page 17 HMS Lancester Launched at Rotherhithe as the Pigot 29th Jsn 1797 but purchased from the East India company as a 3rd Rate, length 173ft, 1400 tons with 64 guns. In 1797 she took part in the Battle of Camperdown. On 11th March 1815 she was converted to a storage ship She was moored at Deptford when put up for sail on 4 Jan 1832 and broken up. See http://www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/L/02640.html & https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Lancaster_(1797) for more informstion.
Page 18 HMS Greyhound Launched at Mistleythorn 1783, 5th rate, armament 32, 682 tons, complement 212. Sailed for the East Indies in 1805. Recorded by Captain Farrer of the Cumberland on Saturday 27th April 1805 as in the English Channel. Wrecked on the coast of Luconia, all saved except one, commanded by Captain Hon Wm Pakenham. See: www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/G/02067.html, for further information.
Page 32 HMS Earl Camden Built by Pitcher and launched 1802, length 166ft, 1271 tons. Made four voyages to the Far East, of which this was her second, under Captain Henry Morse Samson. On Monday 6th May 1805 she was in the Northern Atlantic on her way to the East. She was destroyed by fire before September 1810 while on her fourth voyage. .
Page 39 HMS Coutts Built by Randall and launched 1796, length 176ft, 1451 tons. She made eight voyages to China, of which this was her fourth, under Captain James Hay. On Tuesday 21st May 1805 she was in the Atlantic on her way to the East. She was sold for breaking in 1815. See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coutts_(1797_EIC_ship). .
Page 62 HCS Metcalf Built by Barnard and launched 1804, length 146ft, 819 tons. She made six voyages to the Far East, of which this was her first, under Captain Matthew Isacke. On Saturday 6th July 1805 she was in the Roaring Forties on her way to the East. Her last recorded voyage was in 1816.
Page 63 HMS Greyhound Launched at Mistleythorn 1784, 5th rate, armament 32, complement 212, 682 tons. Sailed for the East Indies in 1805. On 30th May 1805 she was first noted by Captain Harington of the Ganges as part of the convoy in the Indian Ocean. An ambiguous reference by Captain Harington is "Signal to Cooke the Frigate", which may suggest that her commander at this time was a man called 'Cook'. On 8th July 1805 she was noted by Captain Farrer of the Cumberland as accompanying the fleet in the Soaring Forties. On Tuesday 3rd September 1805 she set sail from Madras as an escort to Bengal with the Company ships Devonshire, Preston, Castle Eden & General Stewart. She was recorded by Captain Sanders of the Northampton as arriving at Madras on Monday February 29th 1808. On 4th Oct 1808 the Greyhound was wrecked on the coast of Luconia, with all hands saved except one seaman. Her commander at the time was Captain Hon Wm Pakenham. See: www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/G/02067.html, for further information.
Page 78 --- Maringo


Marengo (left) engaging HMS London (right) in 1806,
taken from Wikipedia.

A Téméraire class Man of War ship of the line for the French Navy. launched 21st July 1795 under Captain Racord with 74 guns and called the Jean-Jacques Rousseau. She was renamed Marengo in 1802. She took part in operations in the Indian Ocean under the renowned Commander Charles-Alexandre Léon Durand Compte de Linois. The engagement with the East India Company and in particular with the Cumberland, as noted by her Captain Farrer on Wednesday 7th August 1805. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_ship_Jean-Jacques_Rousseau_(1795) & https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles-Alexandre_L%C3%A9on_Durand_Linois.

The Maringo was captured by the Royal Navy on 13th March 1806 and became a prison ship from 1809 onwards until she was broken up in 1816.

Page 87 HMS Weymouth Previously an HEICS Country ship called the Wellesley. No description under Farrington but to say that she made two voyages to the East under the HEICS flag, one in 1801 from Bengal and one in 1803 from Saugor to England, both under Captain Peter Gordon. In 1800, under Captain Gordon, she was involved in a fight with a French warship and fought her off. She was built in Calcutta in 1796, The Admiralty purchased her in May 1804 as a 44-gun fifth rate and used her as a store ship. On Friday 23rd Aug 1805 she was noted by Captain Farrer of the Cumberland as at Madras. Her last voyage was in 1820 carrying settlers to South Africa. In 1828 she was converted to a prison ship and sailed to Bermuda where she served as a prison hulk until 1865 when she was sold for breaking. See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Weymouth_(1804).
Page 87 HMS Rattlesnake A 16 gun Royal Navy sloop from 1791. noted as at Madras by Captain Farrer of the Cumberland on Friday 13th Aug 1805. In 1806 she was involved, along with HMS Powerful, in the capture of the French privateer Bellone in the Indian Ocean. She was sold in 1814.
Page 88 HCS Warley Built by Perry, launched 1796, length 176ft, 1460 tons, second of that name. She made nine voyages to China of which this was her fifth, under Captain Henry Wilson. She was involved in the so called Battle of Pulo Aura off Java against the French in 1804. Noted by Captain Farrer of the Cumberland at Madras on 28th Aug 1805. She was sold for breaking in 1816.
Page 88 HCS Castle Eden Built by Pitcher and launched 1799, length 145ft, 818 tons. She made six voyages to the East, of which this was her third, under Captain Richard Colnett. Noted by Captain Farrer of the Cumberland at Madras on 30th Aug 1805. Her last recorded voyage was in 1812.
Page 98 HMS Albion Launched 1802, 3rd rate, armament 74, 1743 tons. She left Penang on Thursday 3rd October 1805 with a fleet commanded by Sir Edward Pellew. On Wednesday 22nd October 1806 HMS Albion left Bombay on a Cruise. See: www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/A/00155.html, for her history. She was disposed of in 1836.
Page 98 HMS Sceptre Built at Deptford by Dudman after a design by Wir William Rule and launched in December 1802. 3rd rate, armament 74, 1727 tons. She served in the Napoleonic Wars and the War of 1812. See Wikipedia and on the website www.Pbenyon.plus.com, for more information. She left Penang on Thursday 3rd October 1805 with a fleet commanded by Sir Edward Pellew. She was broken up in 1820.
Page 98 HMS Russell Launched at Deptford on 10 November 1764. 3rd rate, armament 74, 1642 tons, complement of 594. She left Penang on Thursday 3rd October 1805 with a fleet commanded by Sir Edward Pellew. At Madras on Sunday March 6th 1808 when she acted as escort for the Northampton and other HEICS ships. See: www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/R/04041.html, for her history. Disposed of in 1811.
Page 100 HCS Exeter Built by Wells, launched 1792, length 165ft, 1265 tons. This was her 6th voyage, under Captain Henry Meriton. Captain Farrer of the Cumberland recorded her on 16th October 1805 as part of the fleet leaving Penang under the Escort of HMS Blenheim. Her last recorded voyage was in 1810. See Wikipedia for a full history of this ship.
Page 100 HCS Hope Built by Pitcher, launched 1797, length 177ft, 1471 tons. She made nine voyages to China, of which this was her fifth, under Captain James Pendergrass. Captain Farrer of the Cumberland recorded her on 16th October 1805 as part of the fleet leaving Penang under the Escort of HMS Blenheim. Her last voyage was in 1816.
Page 104 HCS Sir Edward Hughes She started her life as an East Indiaman. In 1804 she was sold to the Royal Navy and commissioned as a 38-gun frigate. On 30th July 1806 Richard Gayes, Seaman was transferred from the Ganges to the Sir Edward Hughes. At the time she was commanded by Captain Edward Ratsay. Captain Farrer of the Cumberland recorded her on 24th October 1805 as part of the fleet leaving Malacca under the Escort of HMS Blenheim. She became a store ship called Tortoise in 1807 as a 5th rate, armament 38, 962 tons. In 1844 she became a receiving ship at Ascension Island. She was lost there in 1859, or broken up there in 1860, or 1863. Details from: http://www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/D/01289.html and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Edward_Hughes_(1784_EIC_ship).
Page 113 HCS Henry Addington Built by Wells and Launched 20th October 1800, length 165ft, 1252 tons. She made 7 voyages to the East of which this was her 3rd, under Captain Kirkpatrick. In 1804 she was one of the vessels involved in the Battle of Pulo Aura. On Tuesday 12th November 1805 she was reported by Captain Farrer of the Cumberland as being grounded near the Alike Islands in Indonesia, she was refloated and continued on her way. She was sold for breaking in 1815.


Contents of Ship's Log


Log Pages Description Date

Pages 1-11 Harbour Log 14th January - 25th April 1805


12-15 Crew List


16-17 Passenger List


Pages 18-86 Sea Log 26th April to 23rd August 1805

Engagement 7th August 1805


Page 087-089 Harbour Log at Madras 24th August - 6th September 1805

Page 090-95 Sea Log 7th September - 18th September 1805

Page 096-99 Harbour Log at Penang 19th September - 15th October 1805

Page 100-103 Sea Log 16th October - 24th October 1805

Page 103-104 Harbour Log Malacca 24th October - 25th October 1805

Page 104-129 Sea Log 25th October - 13th December 1805

Page 129-144 Harbour Log, Whampoa 14th December - 4th March 1806

Page 144- Sea Log 5th March - 1806


The Journal

[Page 001:]


First page of journal.

[Stamp] 1805 6 202 B

This is my original Journal
W W Farrer

Witness: C Collingwood

[Page 002:]


[Harbour Log]

Ship Cumberland at Deptford

Monday 14 January 1805.
Wind from the Southward and westward at 11am came on board Mr Hales the Hon Coys Inspector and inspected the ship and left Mr Tutle Shirewood in charge as Company’s officer. Employed levelling the Kentledge and otherwise as necessary. Officers on board first & third. Ships draft 15.3 aft 13.9 forward Tuesday 15th.
Wind from the southward and eastward with rain at times. Employed receiving empty Butts and stowing them. Riggers employed about the rigging. Officers on board first & third

Wednesday 16th.
Wind from the southward and westward with cloudy weather. Employed in the hold and otherwise as needful. Officers on board first & third.

Thursday 17th.
The first part moderate breezes & fair middle part hard rain latter fair. Employed filling water. Riggers on the rigging. Officers on board first & third.
Friday 18th
Moderate breezes from the southward and westward with fair weather. Employed receiving empty Butts and the Ships Coals. Officers on board first & third . Ships draft 15.2 aft 14.6 fwd.

Saturday 19th.
Moderate breezes and variable. Employed filling water and receiving the Ships cables. Draft 14.3 aft 15.1 fwd. Officers on board first & third.
Sunday 20th.
Fresh breezes throughout with rain. Officers on board first & third.

Monday 21st.
Light breezes and variable with rain in the later part. Employed in receiving lead on acct of the Hon Coy and empty Butts. Officers on board first & third.

Tuesday 22nd.
Moderate breezes and variable. Employed filling water Riggers on the rigging otherwise as needful. Officers on board first & third.

Wednesday 23rd.
Fresh breezes from the Southward with rain at times Employed receiving the Bending sails and otherwise as needful. Officers on board first & third.

[Page 003:]

Ship Cumberland at Deptford

Thursday 24th January.
Hard gales as NE and cloudy weather. Employed filling water and otherwise as necessary. Officers on board second & third.

Friday 25th.
Moderate breezes at NE and cloudy. Employed in getting in flint on acct of Captain Farrer. Riggers about the Rigging. Officers on board second and third.

Saturday 26th.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed in getting in flints and about the rigging. PM crossed the Topsail yards and swayed the lower yards up. Officers on board second and third.

Sunday 27th.
Light winds at NE and frosty weather. AM got 21 f the ships guns on board and struck them down the hold. Officers on board second and third. Ships draft 14.11 aft 17.6 fwd.

Monday 28th.
Light airs variable and cloudy weather. Got the Sheet anchor up and the Bower Anchor to the bows otherwise employed about the rigging. Officers on board first and third.

Tuesday 29th.
Smart breezes at last and clear weather. Employed filling water in the after hold. Riggers gammoning the Bowsprit. Officers on board first & third. Ships draft 15.4 aft 17.6 fwd.

Wednesday 30th.
Moderate breezes from the eastward with rain throughout. Employed receiving Billet wood and otherwise in the holds. Riggers setting up the rigging. Officers on board first and third.

Thursday 31st.
Fresh breezes from the northward and eastward with sleet and rain at times. Riggers Reeving running Rigging. Pilots men bending Sails otherwise receiving Billet wood. Ships draft 16.6 aft 17.0 fwd. Officers first and third.

Friday 1st February.
Fresh breezes from the northward and eastward. Employed rousing up the Cables and claping on the whole cable Service and otherwise as necessary. Officers first and third.

Saturday 2nd.
Moderate breezes from the westward with fair weather. 11am came on board Mr Ross Pilot with his men and cast off the junks and hauled the Ship outside and lashed alongside the hulk. Otherwise employed as needful. Officers first and third.

Sunday 3rd.
Pleasant breezes from the southward and westward with fair weather. At 9am came on board Mr Ross Pilot with his men crossed the Top Gallant yards. At half past 1pm cast off and made sail. At half past 5 came too with the Best Bower in Gravesend Reach and moored Ship. Officers on board first, second and third. Ships draft 16.3 aft 16.10 fwd.

[Page 004:]

Ship Cumberland at Gravesend

Monday 4th February.
Fresh breezes at SW and constant rain throughout. Employed clearing and scraping the decks and otherwise as most necessary. AM down Top Gallant yards and struck Top Gallant masts. Officers on board second and third.

Tuesday 5th.
Hard gales at SW and cloudy weather throughout. Employed hoisting Butts of water out of the hold and stowing them in the forehold otherwise as necessary. Officers on board second and third.

Wednesday 6th.
A fresh breeze at NW and clear frosty weather. Employed in hoisting the Guns out of the hold and mounting them, loosed sails to dry and unbent them. Officers as yesterday.

Thursday 7th.
First and middle part moderate with variable winds latter hard squalls at SW with rain. Employed as most necessary. PM got the Range of the Sheet Cable up. Officers on board second and third.

Friday 8th.
Variable winds and squalls with constant rain in the latter part. Employed about the Rigging and other necessary jobs. Officers as per days past.

Saturday 9th.
Pleasant weather throughout. Employed getting in flint on acct of Captain Farrer. Officers on board second and third.

Sunday 10th.
Light breezes at SW and pleasant weather. AM Captain Hudson came on board to see the Ship instead of Captain Farrer the latter not being well. Officers on board second and third.

Monday 11th.
The first part light airs with a thick fog middle part & latter fresh breezes with rain at times. Employed receiving Bales on acct of the Hon Coy. Officers on board second and third.

Tuesday 12th.
Moderate breezes from the northward and eastward. Employed receiving Bales on acct of the Hon Coy. Officers first & third.

Wednesday 13th.
Moderate breezes from the northward with fine weather. Employed receiving Bales on acct of the on Coy and flints on acct of captain Farrer. Officers first and third. Ships draft 18.0 aft 17.7 fwd.

Thursday 14th.
Light breezes from the northward & westward with foggy weather. Employed receiving Bales on acct of the Hon Coy and otherwise as needful. Officers on board first and third.

[Page 005:]

Ship Cumberland at [Gravesend]

Friday 15th February.
Light airs and calms throughout with fair weather. Employed receiving Bales on acct of the Hon Coy & otherwise as needful, cleared Hawse. Officers on board first and third.

Saturday 16th.
Moderate breezes from the southward and westward with fie weather. Employed in receiving the Ships Cables and some running rigging and otherwise as necessary. Officers first and third. Ships draft 18.9 aft 17.3 fwd.

Sunday 17th.
Moderate breezes with fine clear weather, washed and cleaned the Ship. Officers on board first and third.

Monday 18th.
Fresh breezes from the eastward with clear weather. Employed receiving Kentledge and otherwise in the hold. Officers on board first & third.

Tuesday 19th.
Moderate breezes at NE and fine weather. Set the rigging up fore & aft, otherwise as necessary. Officers on board second & third.

Wednesday 20th.
First and second part light winds variable and clear weather latter squally with hard rain. Employed in taking in Bales on acct of the Hon Coy otherwise about the Rigging . Officers on board second and third.

Thursday 21st.
Moderate breezes from SW and pleasant weather. Employed receiving flints 0n acct of Captain Farrer and about the Rigging. AM cleared the Hawse. Officers on board second and third.

Friday 22nd.
Smart breezes at SW and clear weather. Employed about the Rigging and scraping and cleaning the Gun Deck. AM Swayed the lower yards higher up. Officers on board second & third.

Saturday 23rd.
Moderate breezes from the westward for the first and middle part latter squally wth rain. Employed as most necessary. Officers on board second and third. Ships draft 19.2 aft 17.9 fwd.

Sunday 24th.
Hard gales at SW and cloudy weather with rain throughout. PM ranged the sheet cable. Officers on board second and third.

Monday 25th.
First and middle part moderate breezes at SW and clear weather latter squally with showers of rain. Employed about the Rigging. AM washed the Gun Deck. Officers on board second and third.

Tuesday 26th.
First and middle part hard squalls at SW with heavy showers of rain at times, latter past moderate and fair. Received fifty Casks of Porter on acct of Captain Farrer. Officers on board second and third.

[Page 006:]

Gravesend

Wednesday 27 February.
First and middle part moderate breezes at SW and clear weather latter part hard squalls and cloudy. Employed as most necessary about the Rigging. Blackening the yards & working up Junk. Officers on board second and third.

Thursday 28th.
Fresh breezes from the westward and fair. People employed in the hold and otherwise as needful. Officers on board first and third.

Friday 1st March.
Strong breezes from the NW with heavy squalls. Employed receiving flints and otherwise as needful. Officers first and third.

Saturday 2nd

Fresh breezes from the westward. Cleared Hawse and otherwise employed in the hold. Riggers about the Rigging. Officers first and third. Ships draft 19.0 aft 18.5 fwd.

Sunday 3rd.
Light breezes and variable with fine weather. Washed and cleaned the Ship. Officers first and fourth.

Monday 4th.
Moderate breezes from the westward with small rain at times. Employed receiving Sundry Stores and flints. PM weighed our flood anchor and dropped it again farther to the westward. Officers first second and fourth.

Tuesday 5th.
Fresh breezes from the westward with fair weather. Employed in the hold and otherwise as necessary. Officers on board first second third and fourth.

Wednesday 6th.
Moderate breezes from the southward and westward. Employed getting the raft in and otherwise as needful. Officers all on board.

Thursday 7th.
Moderate breezes from the southward with fair weather. Employed receiving flints some private Trade and otherwise as needful. Officers all on board.

Friday 8th.
Moderate breezes from the SE and peasant weather. Employed receiving the wet and dry Provisions and at the Rigging. Officers all on board.

Saturday 9th.
Fresh gales from the eastward with clear weather. Employed in the hold and about the Rigging. Received the Ships Cordage. AM cleared Hawse. Officers all on board.

Sunday 10th.
Light airs from the NE and cloudy, washed & cleaned the Ship. AM hoisted the Long Boat in. Officers all on board.

[Page 007:]

Ship Cumberland at [Gravesend]

Monday 11th March.
Light airs and variable with fine pleasant weather. Employed receiving Bales on acct of the Hon Coy and otherwise as needful. Officers all on board.

Tuesday 12th.
Moderate breezes from the southward and fair. Employed receiving Private Trade and Ships Stores. Officers all on board

Wednesday 13th.
Fresh breezes from the southward & westward with fair weather. Employed receiving Tin on acct of the Hon Coy and Sundry Ships Stores. Ships draft 20.6 aft 20.3 fwd. Officers all on board.

Thursday 14th.
Moderate breezes from the westward with fair weather. Employed receiving stores and Private Trade and otherwise about the Rigging. Officers all on board.

Friday 15th.
Light breezes from the westward with pleasant weather. Employed receiving Private Trade, Billet wood & Sundry Ships Stores. Draft 21.1 aft 21.1 fwd. Officers all on board.

Saturday 16th.
Moderate breezes throughout with fair weather. Employed in the hold and otherwise on the Rigging. Officers all on board.

Sunday 17th.
Pleasant breezes from the southward with fine weather. AM washed & cleaned the Deck. Officers all on board.

Monday 18th.
Light breezes from the eastward with drizzling rain throughout. Employed in the hold and bending the Jib and Stay sails. Officers all on board.

Tuesday 19th.
Moderate breezes from the northward & eastward with fine weather. Employed staying the masts and setting the Rigging up Fore and Aft. Officers all on board.

Wednesday 20th.
Fresh breezes from the eastward with rain. AM bent the Top sails and Fore sailand otherwise receiving Private Trade and Baggage. Officers all on board.

Thursday 21st.
Fresh breezes from the eastward with fair weather. Employed receiving Baggage and otherwise under the Boatswain. PM Bent the Mainsail. Ships draft 21.6 fwd 21.3 aft. Officers all on board.

Friday 22nd.
Moderate breezes from the northward & eastward. Employed in the hold and otherwise under the Boatswain. Officers all on board.

[Page 008:]

Gravesend

Saturday 23rd March.
Moderate breezes from the eastward with fair weather. Employed receiving Sundry Ships Stores and otherwise as necessary. Officers all on oard.

Sunday 24th.
Fresh breezes from the northward and eastward with fine weather, washed and cleaned the Ship. Officers all on board.

Monday 25th.
Fresh breezes from the eastward with fine clear weather. Employed receiving dry Provisions and a Stream Cable. Officers all on board.

Tuesday 26th.
Light breezes from the eastward with clear weather. Employed receiving water and some Private Trade. Officers all on board.

Wednesday 27th.
Moderate breezes from the eastward and fair. Employed receiving water and otherwise as necessary. Officers all on board.

Thursday 28th.
Fresh breezes from the northward and eastward. Employed receiving and stowing water and otherwise under the Boatswain. Officers all on board.

Friday 29th.
Moderate breezes and variable with rain. Employed receiving water and Sundry Stores. Officers all on board.

Saturday 30th.
Light breezes from the westward with rain at times. Employed in the hold stowing water and receiving Sundry Ship Stores. Officers all on board. Ships draft 21.10 aft 22.10 fwd.

Sunday 31st.
The first part light breezes with pleasant weather middle & latter part light airs with rain. Officers all on board.

Monday 1st April.
The first part light airs with rain middle and latter part light breezes and fair. Employed receiving wet Provisions and Sundry Stores. AM Came on board Mr Johnstone and took charge of the Ship as Pilot. Officers all on board. Draft 23.1 fwd 22.2 aft.

Tuesday 2nd.
The first part light airs and calms, middle & latter part light breezes and fair. At 5am unmoored and hove in to half a Cable, at noon weighed and made sail. At 6pm came too in sea reach with the Small Bower. AM came on board captain Hudson to pay the Ship. Officers all on board.

[Page 009:]

Ship Cumberland at [Portsmouth]

Wednesday 3rd April.
Light airs and variable with cloudy weather. At 9am weighed and made sail. At 4pm came too with the best Bower in 10 fms in the warp, gave her half a Cable.

Thursday 4th.
The first part fresh breezes from SW and cloudy middle and latter parts fresh breezes from WNW with heavy squalls and rain at times. At 11am weighed and made sail. At half past 1pm came too with the best Bower in the Downs in 9 fms. The South Foreland bearing SSWbW½W. Deal Castle NW½W and Walmer Castle WbS off shore 3 miles.

Friday 5th.
Fresh breezes from the westward with heavy squalls of hail and rain. Employed under the Boatswain and otherwise as necessary.

Saturday 6th.
The first part moderate breezes from the northward and westward middle & latter parts light breezes from the northward and eastward. At 7am weighed and made sail. At 2pm Dungeness Light House north. At sunset Beachy Head bearing WbN distance 5 leagues. Fairleigh NW.

Sunday 7th.
The first part fresh breezes from the northward and eastward middle part light breezes and variable latter Ort light airs and Calms. At daylight saw the Isle of Wight bearing NW. At 8am Dunnose NWbW. St Catherin Point WbN and Culver Cliff north. At noon Dunnose NWbW. St Catherines Point WNW Culver Cliff NbE and Bembridge Point NEbN off shore 3 miles. At 7pm came too at the Motherbank with the best Bower in 15fms.

Monday 8th.
Light airs from the westward with fair weather. At 8am moored Ship. Down Top Gallant yards and otherwise employed as necessary. Officers all on board. AM came on board Captain Farrer.

Tuesday 9th.
Light breezes and variable. Employed coiling the Cables down in the main hold and otherwise clearing Orlop Deck. Officers all on board.

Wednesday 10th.
Moderate breezes with fine weather. Employed getting the Orlop Deck clear and otherwise under the Boatswain. Officers all on board.

Thursday 11th.
Moderate breezes with clear weather. Employed under the Boatswain and otherwise as needful. Officers all on board.

[Page 010:]

Portsmouth

Friday 12th April.
Light breezes fro the southward with fine weather. AM Set the rigging up fore & aft and otherwise receiving wet & dry Provisions. Officers all on board.

Saturday 13th.
Fresh breezes at times with squalls. PM cleared Hawse and otherwise Employed under the Boatswain. Officers all on board.

Sunday 14th.
Moderate breezes throughout from the eastward with fine weather. Officers all on board.

Monday 15th.
Moderate breezes and variable with cloudy weather. Employed receiving 30 Butts of water on acct of HMS Blenheim and otherwise as needful. AM went on board the Blenheim Mr Seager and received the Sailing instructions otherwise Officers all on board.

Tuesday 16th.
Moderate breezes from the northward with rain at times. Employed receiving Pipes of Wine on acct of HMS Blenheim and otherwise under the Boatswain. Officers all on board.

Wednesday 17th.
Moderate breezes from the northward and eastward with cloudy weather. Employed under the Boatswain and otherwise as necessary. Officers all on board.

Thursday 18th.
Light breezes and variable with fine weather. Employed under the Boatswain and otherwise as needful. PM received 10 boys from HMS Pearl by order from Admiral Montague for HM Ships in India. Officers all on board.

Friday 19th.
Moderate breezes from the westward with fine weather. AM unmoored Ship as per order hove in the half Cable Service, otherwise usefully employed.

Saturday 20th.
Moderate breezes from the southward and fair. At 9am weighed and dropped down to Spithead. At half past 10am came too with the best Bower. At 2pm moored Ship. PM came on board Mr Plowden one of the Hon Coys Directors and inspected the Ship. At 4pmcame on board two Companys of HM 53 Regiment of Foot. Officers all on board.

Sunday 21st.
Light breezes and variable throughout with fine weather. Washed and cleaned the Ship otherwise Employed as needful.

[Page 011:]

Ship Cumberland

Monday 22nd April.
Moderate breezes from the southward and eastward. Employed under the Boatswain and otherwise as necessary. Officers all on board.

Tuesday 23rd.
Moderate breezes from the southward & eastward, at Daylight the Commodore made Signal for Sailing at noon to unmoor. PM unmoored and hove in the half Cable Service. Officers all on board.

Wednesday 24th.
Fresh breezes from the southward and eastward with constant rain. At Daylight the Made the Signal to weigh. At 2pm weighed an made sail. At 7pm came too with the best Bower in 9 fms in Yarmouth Road gave her the half Cable Service.

Thursday 25th.
Light breezes from the southward and eastward with fine weather. At 3am passed through the Needle. At 8am Hurst Castle NEbE, the Needles Light House EbS Christ Church NbW At 10am the Commodore made Signal for a Boat. Hoisted out the Jolly Boat and sent Mr Betham on board. At noon returned with additional instructions. Hoisted in the Jolly Boat. At noon saw the Bill of Portland bearing WNW. This Log contains only 12 hours.

[end of Harbour Log]

[Page 012:]

List of the H. C. Ship Comberland Ships Company
2nd Voyage
No. Names Stations Dead, Run or Discharged
1 Will: Ward Farrer Esq. Commander [William Ward Farrer, born St Stephen's Walbrook, London 27 Jun 1760, apprentice Polly & Charlotte to Barbados and West Indies 1y; apprentice London two voyages to Barbados and West Indies 2y; 2nd and 1st mate Phillipa Harbing two voyages to Barbados and West Indies 4y; 3rd mate True Briton (4) 1782/3; 2nd mate York (4) 1785/6; 1st mate Melville Castle 1788/9; 1st mate True Briton (4) 1790/1; 1st mate Minerva 1792/3; Captain Bellona 1794/5 & 17996/7; Captain Varuna 1800; Captain Cumberland 1802/3, 1804/5; 1806/7. Will dated 11th January 1830, of William Ward Farrer of Surrey Square, Surrey.]
2 J B Seager Chief Mate [John Bignell Seager, bap St Botolph without Aldgate, London, 20th April 1769, son of John & Elizabeth; midshipman in Royal Navy 2y; seaman to West Indies 3y; midshipman Dover (2) 1786/7; midshipman General Eliott 1788/9; 2nd mate Nottingham (4) 1793/4; 1st mate Busbridge 1795/6; 1st mate City of London 1799/1800; 1st mate Carmarthen 1802/3; 1st mate Cumberland 1804/5; 1st mate Bengal (2) 1807/8, lost in wreck 14 Mar 1809. He was married at St Marylebone, London 21 Nov 1807 to Mary Griffiths. They had a son Henry John, born 21 Nov 1808.]
3 Rodk Bethune 2nd Mate [Roderick Bethune, born Isle of Skye 2 Dec 1775; seaman four voyages from the Clyde to Jamaica 5y; 2nd mate two voyages to Bergen 2y; 5th mate Lord Thurlow 1796/7; 4th mate Lord Thurlow 1798/9; 3rd mate Henry Dundas 1800/1; 3rd mate Ocean (4) 1802/3; 2nd mate Cumberland 1804/5; 1st mate Ocean (6) 1807/8; 1st mate City of London 1811/2.]
4 Wm Hornblow 3rd Mate [William Hornblow, born 18 Sep 1782 and bap Braintree, Essex 3 Dec 1802, son of John & Elizabeth; seaman Carnatic (2) 1798/9; 6th mate Carnatic (2) 1800/1; 5th mate Cumberland 1802/3; 3rd mate Cumberland 1804/5; 2nd mate Cumberland 1806/7; 1st mate Nottinghsm (4) 1808/9; 1st mate Streatham (4) 1810/11 & 1812/3; Capt & Principal Managing Owner Moira 1819/20.]
5 M Gibson 4th Mate [Mitchell Gibson, born Edinburgh 25 Jun 1784, son of William, Merchant & Mary Cecilia Balfour; midshipman Asia (4) 1798/9; midshipman Preston 18009/1; 5th mate Woodford (1) 1802/3; 4th mate Cumberland 1804/5; 3rd mate Cumberland 1806/7 & 1808/9; 2nd mate Hope (2) 1810/1; 1st mate Hope (2) 1812/3.]
6 Thos Wilkinson 5th Mate [Thomas Hutton Wilkinson, born 17 Oct & bap 25 Oct 1785 at Yarm, Yorkshire, son of Thomas & Jane; midshipman General Stuart 1802/3; 5th mate Cumberland 1804/5; 3rd mate Taunton Castle 1806/7; 2nd mate Cumberland 1808/9; Capt Cumberland 1810/1 & 1815/6.]
7 T M Heslender 6th Mate [Thomas M Heslender, 6th mate Cumberland 1804/5.]
8 Wm Livingstone Surgeon [William Livingstone, Surgeon Lord Thurlow 1796/7, 1798/9 & 1800/1; Cumberland 1802/3, 1804/5 & 1806/7. He died 14 Aug 1807.]
9 Peter Roberts Purser [Peter Roberts, purser Cumberland 1804/5; Sir Stephen Lushington 1805/6; Walmer Castle 1807/8.]
10 Philip Ripley Mids & Capt Coxen [Philip Ripley, born 26 Jan & bap 21 Feb 1789 at St Lawrence Poutney, London, son of John Richard (1752-1819) & Harriet; midshipman Cumberland 1802/3 & 1804/5; 5th mate Cumberland 1806/7; 4th mate Cumberland 1808/9; 3rd mate Cumberland 1810/1; 2nd mate Inglis 1812/3; Capt Regent 1815/6 & 1818/9. He was married at St Leonard, Streatham, Surrey on 14 Oct 1820 to Mary Ann Nottidge. They had Phillip William 1821-1864, Frederick William 1823-1875, William Nottidge 1824-1912, who became a reverend, Richard Otway 1827-1865, Henry William 1827-1905, Harriet 1830-1874.]
11 Thos Haviside Midshipman [Thomas Haviside, born 8 Sep, bap Stokesley, Yorkshire 14 Sep 1787, son of John; in the coal trade 2y; midshipman Cumberland 1804/5; 5th mate Alfred (2) 1806/7; 3rd mate Alfred (2) 1809/10; 2nd mate Arniaston 1811/12; 1st mate Elphinstone 1813/4; Capt Elphinstone 1815/16; Capt Aurora 1817; Capt Streatham (4) 1818/9; Capt Windsor (2) 1820/1, 1824/5 & 1828/9. He married Mary Snaith (1797-1829) in London 1822. They had Thomas Snaith Haviside 1823-1899, William Snaith Haviside 1827-1917 and Mary Snaith Haviside 1828-1903. He married again at St John Hackney, Middx on 10 Mar 1838 to Fredericaq Markham (1798-1863). He died in Walthamstow, Essex 31 Oct 1862.]
12 Josh Anstice Midshipman [Joseph Ball Anstice, born Bridgwater 16 Dec 1786, son of Robert & Susanna Ball (Quakers); midshipman Lord Hawkesbury 1800/1; midshipman Ganges (3) 1802/3; midshipman Cumberland 1804/5; 4th mate Cuffnells 1806/7; 3rd mate Carnatic (3) 1808/9; 2nd mate Cumberland 1810/11 & 1812/3; 1st mate Cumberland 1815/6. His family is on Ancestry: In 1819 he was Captain of the ship Bencoolen to New South Wales, Australia. He married Eleanor Carr 1792-1870. An Ale and Porter Merchant in Liverpool in 1824. He died Tynemouth in 1852.]
13 John Lowther Midshipman [John Lowther, born 9 Aug & bap 11 Sep 1789 at St Saviour's Southwark, son of William & Ann; midshipman Cumberland 1804/5 & 1806/7; 5th mate Nottingham (4) 1808/9; 4th mate Hope (2) 1810/1; 3rd mate Hope (2) 1812/3; 2nd mate Lord Eldon 1814/5; 1st mate Streatham (4) 1816/7 & 1818/9.]
14 Benj Yates Midshipman died on Canton River 24 Dec 1805
15 John Hughes Midshipman
16 Josh Parkhurst Midshipman died at sea 15 Nov 1805
17 Thos Street Midshipman died at sea 22d May 1805. [His body was committed to the deep on the 23rd at 8pm.]
18 Jas Drummond Midshipman [James Rutherford Drummond, born Scotland 9 Sep 1791; midshipman Cumberland 1804/5; midshipman Nottingham (4) 1807/7; 6th mate Astell 1809/10; 3rd mate Lady Lushington 1812/3; 3rd mate Lady Melville (1) 1814/5; 2nd mate Herefordshire 1816/7; 2nd mate Kent (7) 1820/1.]
19 Robert Trotter Boatswain
20 John Blackalter Gunner
21 John Casey Carpenter
22 John Russell Caulker
23 John Witney Surgeon's Mate [Served on board the Hope (2) as Surgeon 1806/7.]
24 Henry Bastone Captn's Steward
25 Wm Akers Ship's Steward
26 John Sibley Cooper
27 John Bartholomew Capt's Cook
28 Josh Hammond Ship's Cook
29 John Summerville Baker
30 Thomas Peek Butcher
31 Benj Rawlins Poulterer
32 William Needham Armourer
33 Thos Jackson Carpenter's Mate (1) Impressed on board HM ship Blenheim Dec 15th 1805
34 William Field Carpenter's Mate (2)
[Page 013:]
No. Names Stations Dead, Run or Discharged
35 Edward Simpson Joiner
36 Thomas Cooper Cooper's Mate
37 John Shepherd Quarter Master
38 John Pasco Sail Maker
39 George Wymp Master at Arms
40 John Howard Gunner's Mate (1)
41 Will Ewdall Gunner's Mate (2)
42 David Roach Boatswain's Mate (1)
43 Daniel Duncan Boatswain's Mate (2) Impressed on board H M Ship Blenheim Decr 15th 1805
44 Will Smith Captn's Servant
45 Thos Hosier Captn's Servant
46 George Barrett 2nd Mate's Servant Run at Madras 25 Augt [1805]
47 Josh Mill Surgeon's Servant
48 John Bollomny Boatswain's Servant
49 Robt Estinch Gunner's Servant
50 Saml Aldridge Carpenter's Servant
51 Will: George Seaman
52 Thomas Faithful Seaman
53 R G More Seaman Run at Pinang March 29th 1806
54 Nichs Kane Seaman
55 Fredk Bloom Seaman
56 Saml Peacock Seaman
57 Cornelius Ongar Seaman
58 William King Seaman Impressed on board H M Ship Blenheim Decr 15th 1805
59 John Cary Seaman
60 John Hains Seaman
61 John Smith (1) Seaman
62 Josh Wilson Seaman
63 Fredk Grandine Seaman
64 Josh Ramsay Seaman Drowned in St Helena Roads July 9th 1806
65 Godfrit Lodwick Seaman
66 John Smith (2) Seaman
67 Isaac Brown Seaman
68 Thos Newport Seaman
69 James Harndall Seaman
70 Saml Gibson Seaman
71 John Dunn Seaman Impressed on board H M Ship Blenheim Decr 15th 1805
[Page 014:]
No. Names Stations Dead, Run or Discharged
72 John Sullivan Seaman
73 John Whaller Seaman
74 Robt Woodcraft Seaman
75 William May Seaman
76 Edward Jones Seaman
77 George Yeoman Seaman
78 John Antonio Ordinary Seaman
79 Bryan Hann Ordinary Seaman
80 John Bennett Ordinary Seaman
81 Andrew Elliott Ordinary Seaman
82 Chas Paish Ordinary Seaman
83 Martin Dillon Ordinary Seaman
84 John Jacobs Ordinary Seaman Killed by a fall from the fore yard Augt 27th 1806
85 John Ellison Ordinary Seaman Died at Sea July 14th 1806
86 Michl McCarly Ordinary Seaman
87 Patrick Dulander Ordinary Seaman
88 John Philips Ordinary Seaman
89 Henry Newport Ordinary Seaman
90 George McClaive Ordinary Seaman Died at Sea April 21st 1806
91 John Russell Ordinary Seaman
92 John Brady Ordinary Seaman
93 Wm Neville Ordinary Seaman
94 Robt Romart Ordinary Seaman
95 William Macey Ordinary Seaman
96 Fredk Hamickson Ordinary Seaman
97 Robert Henry Ordinary Seaman
98 Benj Burt Ordinary Seaman
99 Benj Marman Ordinary Seaman
100 Thomas Hughes Ordinary Seaman
101 John Pope Ordinary Seaman
102 James Porter Ordinary Seaman
103 Josh Andrews Ordinary Seaman Died at Sea 1st Sept 1805
104 John Williams Ordinary Seaman
105 Benj Webb Ordinary Seaman
106 James Sharpless Ordinary Seaman
107 James Cavener Ordinary Seaman
108 George Cassie Ordinary Seaman
[Page 015:]
No. Names Stations Dead, Run or Discharged
109 Samuel Blaycie Ordinary Seaman
110 Josh Clair Ordinary Seaman
111 John Allen Ordinary Seaman
112 Will Humphries Ordinary Seaman
113 Ben Blundy Ordinary Seaman
114 James Linch Ordinary Seaman
115 Tom Tim Ordinary Seaman
116 Gregory Holroyde Ordinary Seaman
117 Ahynn Ordinary Seaman Run at China 4th March 1806
118 James Bains Ordinary Seaman
119 Richd Rodall Ordinary Seaman
120 Thomas Sly Ordinary Seaman
121 Richd Troyweight Ordinary Seaman
122 James Reeves Ordinary Seaman
123 John Wynn Ordinary Seaman
124 Henry Wood Ordinary Seaman
125 Alexr Robinson Ordinary Seaman
126 George McCleish Ordinary Seaman
127 John Salmon Ordinary Seaman Run at Pulo Pinang 14th Oct 1805
128 Saml Hunt Ordinary Seaman
129 Patk Bryan Ordinary Seaman
130 Jacob Porter Ordinary Seaman
131 John -ipton[?] Ordinary Seaman Died at Whampoa Janry 18th 1806
List of ten boys received from his Majesty's Ship Pearl Slop Ship for the use of His Majesty's ships in India received Thursday 18th April 1805 at Portsmouth.
Delivered to H M Ship Blenheim 25th Augt 1805 Madras Roads.
1 George Wood Marine boy
2 Thomas Delaney Marine boy
3 Michl Hanlow Marine boy
4 John Rosenbury Marine boy
5 William Barton Marine boy
6 Josh Gasney Marine boy
7 John Mathews Marine boy
8 Anthy Nicholls Marine boy
9 Will: Custace Marine boy
10 Will: Greenlass Marine boy
[Page 016:]
Passengers from England to Madras
Pulo-Pinang and China received at the Mother Bank April 23rd 1806 [1805]
No. Names Stations Dead, Run or Discharged
1 Philip Dundas Esq.
Landed at Pulo Pinang 19th Sept 1805. [Philip Dundas born 1762, son of Robert Dundas, 4th Lord Arniston by Henrietta Bailie Carmichael. Went to sea circa 1776; seaman on the Fanny to Lisbon 9m; seaman on Mountstuart 1777/8; 4th mate Mountstuart 1779/80 (approved 24 May 1780 aged 20); 4th mate Fairford 1781/2; home from Bombay as 5th mate Royal Henry; 2nd mate Busbridge 1785/5; Captain Melville Castle 1786/7, 1788/9 & 1791/2; Superintendant of the marine at Bombay from 1802; Member of Parliament of Surrey 1803-5; Governor and treasurer of Penang 1805-7. He married his 1st wife wife Penelope Ford Lindsay (died 1802) in Dublin. His second wife was Margaret née Wedderburn, whom he had married at Ballindean on 5th May 1803. He had two sons by Margart, Robert Adam and Philip. He died on board the Pelliqueux in the Bay of Bengal 8 April 1807 and was buried at Penang. See http://www.dundasfamily.co.uk/dundas%20of%20arniston.htm for a history his family.]
2 Mrs Margaret Dundas
Landed at Pulo Pinang 19th Sept 1805. [Margaret Wedderburn, born 1st June 1772, daughter of Sir John Wedderburn of Ballindean and 6th Baronet of Blackness, and Margaret Wedderburn. Sir John had made his fortune in the West Indian sugar trade. She died at Penang 7th Nov 1806. See https://www.ucl.ac.uk/lbs/person/view/2146634306 for a history of her husband's family.]
3 Miss Jane Wedderburn(sic)
Landed at Pulo Pinang 19th Sept 1805. [Miss Jane Oliphant, daughter of John Hope Oliphant and his wife Jean née Wedderburn. She married Sir James Ramsay 8th Bart on 7th Feb 1828. See http://www.dundasfamily.co.uk/dundas%20of%20arniston.htm & http://www.thepeerage.com/p54500.htm for details of her family.]
4 Mr R A Dundas
Landed at Pulo Pinang 19th Sept 1805. [Robert Adam Dundas, born 9 Feb 1804, son of Philip and Margaret Dundas; he married Lady Mary Bruce and had one child. MP for Ipswich and Edinbugh. He died 1877. See http://www.dundasfamily.co.uk/dundas%20of%20arniston.htm for a history his family.]
5 Mr Alexr B Dick Esq.
Died at Sea Sept 14th 1805. [Alexander Ballentyne Dick ,, born Calcutta 19th April 1789, son of Dr William Dick, 1757-1821, and Charlotte Maclaren, 1754-1829. A Writer HEICS, died on board the Cumberland three days before taking up the appointment at Penang. See Ancestry.Com for his family]
5 Mr Will F Dick
Landed at Madras 23 Augt 1805. [William Fleming Dick, born Calcutta 1782, son of Dr William Dick and his wife Charlotte Maclaren. Died Chippenham, Wiltshire 1865. See Ancestry.Com for his family.]
6 John Hope Oliphant Esq.
Landed at Pulo Pinang 19th Sep [1805]. [John Hope Oliphant, born 1773, son of Robert Oliphant and Marion Buchanan. He was married in 1802 to Jean, daughter of John Wedderburn and Margaret Ogilvy, see under Philip Dundas. He was on the Council and lived in Penang. Their daughter was Jane and is probably to be identified as the Jane Wedderburn in the ships log of the Cumberland as arriving at Penang on 19th Sept 1805.]
7 Miss Mary Ann Oliphant
Do Came on board. [not traced but presumably a member of John Hope Oliphant's family.]
8 Mr James Finley
Do Monday 22nd April 1805
9 Mr Quinton Dick Thompson
Do Monday 22nd April 1805. [Quinton Dick Thompson, born Lambeth 1785. He was married at Penang on 28th Dec 1805 to Mary Anne Raffles, 1789-1837, the sister of Thomas Stamford Raffles. Quiton Thompson died at Penang 29th June 1809 and his wife was married on 2nd May 1811 to Captain William Lawrence Flint in Malaka. She died 30th Oct 1837 and was buried in Holy Trinity Church, Cheltenham. In Malaka at the time was her younger sister Leonora Raffles who married had married Billington Loftie, a Surgeon. See https://www.ancestry.co.uk/family-tree/person/tree/114699763/person/250135128276/facts.]
10 Mr John Irskine
Do Monday 22nd April 1805
11 Mr Alex Fraser Tytler
Landed at Madras 25th Aug [1805]. [Alexander Fraser Tytler, born Edinburgh 9th Dec 1787, son of Alexander Fraser and Ann Fraser. He was married at Calcutta 24th Aug 1810 to Elizabeth Colvin.]
12 Mr William Baring Esq.
Do at Macau[?] Dec 14th 1805. [.]
13 Hon'ble Chas Murrey
Landed at Madras 23rd Aug 1805. [Charles Murrey.]
14 Mr Hannibal Tocker Cadet Landed at Madras 23rd Aug 1805. [Hannibal Tocker, bap Gwinear in Cornwall 5th Oct 1789, son of John Tocker ans Ann Blewett. Brother of John Tocker. In 24th Oct 1825 he was a retired Officar Captain at St George, Madras. He died in Cornwall.]
15 Mr John Tocker Cadet Landed at Madras 23rd Aug 1805. [John Tocker, bap Gwinear in Cornwall 1st Feb 1789, son of John Tocker ans Ann Blewett. Brother of Hannibal Tocker. He apparently died in Gwinear.]
16 Mr Thomas Cullum
Landed at Pinang 19th Sept 1805. [Became the Schoolmaster at Penang.]
Passengers Servants came on board with
their Masters and landed with them.
1 Amoco Servant to Mr Baring Esq. boarded China - landed at Macau Decr 14th 1805
2 John Derozario Servant to Wm Dick Esq. boarded Bengal - landed at Macau Decr 14th 1805
3 Emanuel Roberts Servant to P Dundas Esq. boarded Madras - landed at Penang 19th Sept 1805
4 Julleet Servant P Dundas Esq. boarded Bengal - landed at Madras 24th Aug 1805
5 Catherine Servant to P Dundas Esq. boarded Bombay - landed at Penang 19th Sept 1805
6 Johnson Servant to J H Oliphant Esq. boarded Madras - landed at Penang 19th Sept 1805
7 Wilhelmina Servant to J H Oliphant Esq. boarded Bombay - landed at Penang 19th Sept 1805
8 Phoebe Wilson Servant to P Dundas Esq. European - landed at Penang 19th Sept 1805
9 Sutherland Nicholls Servant to P Dundas Esq. European - landed at Penang 19th Sept 1805
10 Thos Shuldham Servant W J Erskine Esq. Boarded Bengal, landed at Penang 19th Sept 1805
Passenger from Madras to England came on board Septr 5th 1805.
1 Cornelius Charles Lawrence Servant to P Dundas Esq. Left the ship in China 27th Decr 1805.
Ditto this person was ordered to leave[?] for --- Captain[?]
Shipped at Madras Septr 2nd 1805: 1 Serang, 24 Lascars. Discharged at Penang March 29th 1806.

Ditto Penang Octr 2nd 1805: 12 Lascars. Discharged at Penang March 29th 1806.

1 G Augonard French Prison Officer Received on board at Penang Octr 13th 1805. Sent on board HM Ship Blenheim Decr 15th 1805. Received again March 4th 1806 and delivered at Gravesend Septr 7th 1806.
Shipped in China
1 John Frencis Seaman Boarded Febry 1st 1806
2 John Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 13th 1806
3 Pedro Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 13th 1806
4 Jushee Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 13th 1806
5 Antonio Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 13th 1806
Fransisco Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 13th 1806
7 Thomas Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 13th 1806
8 Jackey Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 13th 1806. Died at St Helena July 4th 1806.
9 Afoung Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 25th 1806
10 Achong Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 25th 1806
11 Angour Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 25th 1806
12 Ahee Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 25th 1806
13 Jaquee Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 25th 1806
14 Asing Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 25th 1806
15 Atong Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 25th 1806
16 Ammoi Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 25th 1806
17 Achee Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 25th 1806
18 Afoung Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 25th 1806
19 Afoung Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 25th 1806
20 Achoe Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 25th 1806
21 Asow Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 25th 1806
22 Apor Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 25th 1806
23 Akoy Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 25th 1806
24 Asue Ordinary seaman Boarded Febry 25th 1806
Shipped at Penang March 29th 1806, D-----[?] Ordinary Seaman
From Penang
1 Lieut Perter 1st ------- Received on bd March 29th 1806, landed at Portsmouth Septr 2nd
2 Dr Vaumorel 1st ------- Received on bd July 9th 1806, landed at Portsmouth Septr 2nd
3 Master E G Harper 1st -------, 12 yrs Received on bd July 9th, landed at Gravesend Septr 6th
4 Master M A Harper 1st -------, 10 yrs Received on bd July 9th, landed at Gravesend Septr 6th
5 Eugene, servant to Dr Vaumorel Servant to Dr Vaumorel Received on bd July 9th, landed at Portsmouth Septr 2nd
6 John Grooms Seaman Invalid seaman from HM Ship LancasterReceived on bd July 9th, landed at Portsmouth Septr 2nd, delivered to the Adamant ----[?] 3rd Septr
7 Hugh Felvey Seaman Invalid seaman from HM Ship LancasterReceived on bd July 9th, landed at Portsmouth Septr 2nd, delivered to the Adamant ----[?] 3rd Septr
for the remainder of the Passengers see the end of this Journal.

[Page 018:]

[Start of Sea Log]

Cumberland from England towards Madras

Friday April 26th 1805.
C&D S48W 96. The first part light breezes middle part fresh breezes with fine weather throughout. At Sunset the Bill of Portland bearing North Distance 5 or 6 Leagues. The extremes of the land from NbW to NE. Hove to and made sail as per Signal. Commodore west. People employed securing the anchors and otherwise as necessary. Unbent the Sheet Cable. Take my departure from Portland at 7pm Lat 49.26N Long 4.20W.

Saturday April 27th.
C&D S62W 111. Pleasant breeze and cloudy weather throughout. AM washed the Gun Deck and otherwise as necessary. At 11am HM Frigate the Greyhound spoke us & informed us the Toulon Fleet was at sea and had crossed the gap at Gibraltar on the 9 instant. Commodore NW 1 mile. Lat 48.05N Long 6.50W.

[Page 019:]

Cumberland from England

Sunday April 28th.
C&D S81W 48. The first and middle parts light breezes and variable latter fresh breezes and squally. Commodore West 2 miles. Tacked as per Signal. Lat 48.29N Long 8.00W.

Monday April 29th.
C&D N22W 57. A constant Gale throughout with hard rain during the night. Commodore EbN 2 miles. AM People & Tradesmen employed as most necessary. Lat 49.13N Long 8.32W.

[Page 020:]

Towards Madras

Tuesday 30th April.
C&D S54W 104. The first and latter parts light breezes and variable, middle part moderate breezes & cloudy. Commodore SW 1 mile. AM Unbent the Cables and stowed the anchors otherwise employed as needful. Lat 48.19N Long 10.41W.

Wednesday 1st May.
C&D S54W 107. Pleasant breezes throughout and clear. Commodore WbS 1 mile. AM Stowed the Sheet Anchor and otherwise employed as most necessary. Lat 47.12N Long 12.56W.

[Page 021:]

Cumberland from England

Thursday 2nd May.
C&D S40W 171. The first part fresh breezes and fair middle and latter parts squally. PM Payed the Cables down in the Hold. Commodore W 1 mile. AM Employed unreeving Harbour Gear and otherwise as needful. Lat 45.05N Long 15.36W

Friday 3rd May.
C&D S41W 107. Light airs and clear weather throughout. AM people and Tradesmen employed as most necessary. Lat 43.34n Long 17.14W

[Pages 22 to 30 have been bound incorrectly and should have been placed at the end of the Journal.]

[Page 031:]

towards Madras

Saturday 4th May.
C&D S5W 38. Fair. Light airs and calms throughout. At 11am the Commodore made Signal for a boat. Lowered down the Jolly Boat and sent her on board Mr Bethune. At noon returned with additional Signals. AM Washed the Gun Deck and exercised the Great Guns. Commodore West ½ mile. Lat 42.52N Long 17.17W.

Sunday 5th May.
C&D S49W 140. First part light airs and variable middle & latter squally with rain at times. AM mustered the Ships Company. Lat 41.18N Long 1939W.

[Page 032:]

Cumberland from England

Monday 6th May.
C&D S78W 86. Cloudy. Strong breezes and squally throughout with a heavy swell. AM Found the Earl Camden had carried away her Fore Topmast. Lat 41.07N Long 21.31W.

Tuesday May 7th.
C&D N74W 25. SSW Cloudy. Wore as per Signal. First part moderate breezes & cloudy weather. Squally with thunder, lightning & rain. Latter moderate & hazy. Under easy Sail & lying too at times for the Camden and another Ship supposed to be the Devonshire who has also carried away her Topmast. AM Swayed the Gaff higher up and otherwise employed under the Boatswain. Hove too. Sailmaker fitting the new Fore Topsail the other Tradesmen at their respective Callings. Set the Mizzen Top Mast Rigging up.Commodore NNE 2 miles. Lat 41.07N Long 22.03W.

[Page 033:]

towards Madras

Wednesday May 8th.
C&D S32W 68. SSW cloudy. The first part Light breezes and cloudy middle part moderate with shoers of rain at times latter part fresh breezes and squally with hard rain. Commodore SW 1 mile. AM Employed under the Boatswain & otherwise as needful. Tradesmen as before. Lat 40.11N Long 22.50W.

Thursday May 9th.
C&D S3E 138. Squally with rain and a heavy swell throughout. Commodore SW 1 mile. AM People & Tradesmen employed as most requisite. Lat 37.53N Long 22.42W

[Page 034:]

Cumberland from England

Friday May 10th.
C&D South 102. North, cloudy The first part light breezes and calms with a very heavy swell which makes the ship labour much, middle and latter parts pleasant breezes and fair and the much gone down. AM People & Tradesmen employed as most needful. Signal for ships astern to make more sail. Lat 36.26N Long 22.42W.

Saturday 11th May.
C&D S5W 159. Cloudy A pleasant steady Gale throughout and clear weather. AM People employed under the Boatswain. The Sailmaker repairing the old Main Sail and other Tradesmen about their respective Callings. Washed the Gun Deck & exercised the Guns. Lat 33.49N Long 22.59W

[Page 035:]

towards Madrid Sunday May 12th C&D S5W 138. ENE Pleasant breezes throughout with fair weather. Lat 31.2N long 20.14W. Monday May 13th C&D S07W 99. East A moderate breeze throughout and cloudy. AM People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker on the old Main Sail. Armourer at the forge the other Tradesmen at their respective Callings. Under easy Sail for 3 Ships of the fleet that are hull down astern. Lat 29.40N Long 23.22W. [Page 036:] Cumberland from England Tuesday 14th May 1805 C&D S6W 128. East cloudy. A moderate Trade throughout with pleasant weather. Commodore WbN ½ mile. Carpenter making a spare Jib boom, Armourer at his forge. People variously employed under the Boatswain. Squally. Lat 27.02N Long 23.37W Wednesday 15th May C&D S7W 179. NE cloudy. A fresh Trade throughout with cloudy weather. People employed under the Boatswain and drawing Guns. Carpenter and Sailmaker as yesterday. AM Unbent the Mainsail. Lat 24.37N long 24.35W. [Page 037:] towards Madras

Thursday 16th May.
C&D S17W 162. Cloudy. A steady Trade throughout and pleasant weather. Commodore South ½ mile. AM People under the Boatswain, Sailmaker repairing the old foresail other Tradesmen as most necessary. Lat 22.06N Long 25.26W.

Friday 17th May.
C&D S18W 126. A moderate Trade throughout with fair weather. PM Shifted the Foresail with the old one. People employed re-stowing the Larboard Boom as most necessary. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top Sail. Armourer at the Forge. Lat 20.18N Long 26.08W.

[Page 038:]

Cumberland from England

Saturday May 18th.
C&D S18W 72. NE Cloudy. A moderate Trade with cloudy weather. PM Unbent the Main Topsail & bent the worst. Made sail. AM washed the Gun Deck. At 9am Commodore made the Signal to heave too to get his water out of the different Ships. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Topsail. Hove too. Lat 19.10N Long 26.31W.

Sunday May 19th 1805.
C&D S19W 89. NE clear. A pleasant steady Trade throughout and clear weather. AM Performed Divine Service. At ½ past 1am the Commodore made the Signal for seeing Land. At 8 St Anthony SE dist 10 or 12 Leagues. At 9am the extremes of the Island of St Anthony [in Cape Verde Islands] from SE½W to S¼W. the body of the Island SbE ½ E about 6 or 7 Leagues. At noon the extremes of the Land at S½E to SE½E off shore about 5 Leagues. Commodore SW 1 mile. Lat 17.06N Long 27.02 W

[Page 039:]

towards Madras

Monday 20th May 1805.
C&D S7E 172. Fair. A fresh Trade for the most part and pleasant weather. Signal to steer SbW. At 2pm the extremes of St Anthony from SE ½ S to EbN ½ N. The body of ditto EbS distance off shore about 3 or 4 Leagues. At 4pm the body of St Vincent EbS 7 or 8 Leagues. At 6pm the body of St Vincent EbN. Signal for Ships astern to make more sail. AM Carpenter making the Topsail Studding Sail Boom. Armourer at his forge. Sailmaker repairing the old Jib, people employed by the Boatswain. Lat 14.2N 26.40W

Tuesday 21st May.
C&D S25E 218. Cloudy. A fresh Trade & squallt throughout the first part of the 24 hours. AM employed under the Boatswain. Stayed the Fore Topmast and set the Topmast & Top Gallant Rigging up Fore & Aft. Tradesmen usefully employed. AM observed the Coutts had carried away her Fore Topmast. Lat 12.38N Long 25.49W

[Page 040:]

Cumberland from England

Wednesday May 22nd.
C&D S22E 161. ENE Hazy. A steady Trade and cloudy weather throughout. Commodore South ½ mile. AM People employed under the Boatswain working up Junk. Tradesmen at their respective Callings. Lat 9.46N Long 24.49W.

Thursday 23rd May.
C&D S33E 138. ENE fair. A moderate breeze throughout with pleasant weather. At 8pm Committed the body of the deceased Mr Street to the Deep with the usual Ceremony. AM People employed by the Boatswain working up Junk & Sailmaker finished the Main Topmast Stay Sail. The armourer at the forge the other Tradesmen at their respective Calling. Shifted Main Topmast Stay Sail with the old one. Lat 7.39N Long 23.34W.

[Page 041:]

towards Madras

Friday 24th May.
C&D S26E 52. NNE cloudy. First part steady pleasant breeze middle light airs variable with rain latter part light airs & sultry. Commodore SW ½ mile. Taken aback. AM The watch employed under the Boatswain. Lat 6.51N Long 20.11W.

Saturday 25th May.
C&D S21E 22. Variable & squally. Light airs and variable with calms at times and frequent hard showers of rain. PM Confined Patrick Dulander in Irons for threatening Duncan the Boatswains Mate. Commodore SW 1 mile. Lat 6.29N Long 23.03W

[Page 042:]

Cumberland from [England]

Sunday 26th May.
C&D S18E 47. Variable cloudy. Light airs and variable throughout with constant rain throughout the night. Commodore SE 2 miles. AM The weather being so unsettled could not perform Divine Service. Calm. Lat 5.44N Long 22.48W

Monday 27th May.
C&D S10E 77. Fair, Light airs for the most part with hot sultry weather throughout. AM Swayed the Lower yards higher up. People otherwise employed by the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the old Mizzen Topmast Stay Sail. Caulker caulking the Pinnace. Lat 4.28N Long 22.35W.

[Page 043:]

England towards Madras

Tuesday 28th May.
C&D S60E 42. Cloudy. Light airs variable & sultry weather throughout. Commodore NNW 2 miles. AM Watch employed under the Boatswain. Tradesmen at their various Callings. Lat 4.08N Long 21.59W

Wednesday May 29th.
C&D S20E 37. Variable squally & hard rain. Light variable breezes throughout with much hard rain during the night. AM Found the Jib Boom Sprung. People employed the forenoon getting the old Boom in board. Lat 3.46N Long 21.50W

[Page 044:]

Cumberland from [England]

Thursday May 30th.
C&D S37E 35. Cloudy variable winds & unsettled weather with rain at times. Commodore NE 2 miles. PM run out a new Jib Boom. AM Sent on board the Blenheim for some for some instructions as per Signals. Employed under the Boatswain. Lat 3.39N Long 21.19W.

Friday May 31st 1805.
C&D S21W 11. Light variable winds inclinable to calms & Squally with frequent hard showers of rain. Signal to steer SbW. AM People employed under the Boatswain. Lat 3.27 Long 21.23W.

[Page 045:]

England towards Madras

Saturday June 1st 1805.
C&D S41W 86. Wore as per Signal. The first part variable & squally with hard rain middle & latter parts a fresh Trade & cloudy. Signal to close & steer SbW. AM Washed the Gun Deck and otherwise employed as needful. Lat 2.22N Long 22.19W.

Sunday June 2nd.
C&D S56W 108. SbE squally. A moderate Trade throughout with pleasant weather. Commodore West ½ mile. AM Performed Divine Service. Lat 1.22N Long 23.49W.

[Crossed the Equator]

[Page 046:]

Cumberland from England

Monday June 3rd.
C&D S21W 124. SEbS. A pleasant steady Trade throughout and clear weather. People employed under the Boatswain working up Junk. Tradesmen as necessary. Commodore SWbW 1 mile. Signal for ships astern to make more sail. Lat 00.30S Long 24.33W.

Tuesday June 4th.
C&D S5W 119. Fair A fresh Trade mostly and fair weather throughout. People employed by the Boatswain working up Junk & Sailmaker repairing the old Mizzen Topsail. The other Tradesmen at their respective Callings. Armourer cleaning small arms. Commodore SW ½ mile. Lat 2.24S Long 24.42W.

[Page 047:]

towards Madras

Wednesday 5th June.
C&D S9W 117. SEbE Fair. A steady Trade & cloudy weather. AM People under the Boatswain knotts yarns & making Ropebands. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Topsail other Tradesmen as necessary. Lat 4.35S Long 25.00W.

Thursday 6th June.
C&D S9W 93. SEbE Clear. A pleasant steady Trade throughout & clear weather. AM People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Topsail. At ½ past 8am the Commodore made the preparatory Signal that an opportunity would offer to send letters. At ½ past 9am hove too & lowered down the Jolly Boat & sent her on board the Blenheim with letters for Europe, at ½ past 10 she returned hoisted her up and made sail as per Signal. Lat 6.03S Long 25.14W

[Page 048:]

Cumberland from England

Friday June 7th 1805.
C&D S8W 114. ESE Fair. A moderate Trade throughout and mostly cloudy weather. Commodore SE 1 mile. AM People employed under the Boatswain working up Junk & Sailmaker repairing the best Fore Topsail. Armourer at his forge, the other Tradesmen as required. Lat 8.01S Long 25.30W.

Saturday June 8th.
C&D S12W 122. SE. A moderate Trade & cloudy. Sailmaker on the 2nd best Fore Topsail. Armourer at his forge. AM Washed the Gun Deck. Lat 10.03S Long 25.56W.

[Page 049:]

towards Madras

Sunday June 9th 1805.
C&D S10W 127. ESE clear. Fresh Trade throughout, latter part squally. Commodore WSW 1 mile. Signal to close and steer South. At ½ past 11pm confined D. Roach in Irons for attempting to strike Mr Wilkinson the 5th officer for disobedience of orders, riotous & disorderly conduct. AM Squally could not perform Divine Service. Mustered the Ships Company. Lat 12.10S Long 26.17W

Monday June 10th 1805.
C&D S9W 123. Fair. A fresh Trade throughout with mostly fair weather, squally at intervals. AM released the Prisoner on promise of future good behaviour. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker as for days past. Armourer at his forge. The other Tradesmen variously employed. Lat 14.05S Long 26.3W.

[Page 050:]

Cumberland from England

Thursday 11th June 1805.
C&D S6W 100. ESE cloudy A moderate Trade and cloudy. Commodore WbS ½ mile. AM People employed under the Boatswain making Ropebands & fitting a main sprung Stay. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Foresail. Armourer at the forge. Lat 15.40S Long 26.48W.

Wednesday 12th June.
C&D South 119.SEbE clear A steady Trade throughout and clear weather. SE saw a strange sail. AM People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker as yesterday. Armourer at the forge. The other Tradesmen as necessary. Lat 17.36S Long 26.48W.

[Page 51:]

towards Madras

Thursday 13th June.
C&D S22E 98. Fair light breezes & variable. AM Set the Rigging up Fore & Aft. Sailmaker on the 2nd best Main Sail. Commodore WNW 1 mile. Lat 19.11S Long 26.10W.

Friday 14th June.
C&D S19E 46. NbW fair. Light breezes and variable with calms and rain at times. People employed under the Boatswain and otherwise as needful . Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 19.55S Long 25.55W.

[page 052:]

Cumberland from [England]

Saturday 15th June 1805.
C&D S59W 93. SSE cloudy. A steady Trade and clear weather with a heavy swell from the South. Commodore NW 1 mile. Signal to close and steer SSE. PM Shifted the Main Topsail with the 2nd best & Fore Topsail with the best. AM Washed the Gun Deck. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Sail. Lat 20.40S Long 27.20W.

Sunday 16th June.
C&D S43W 99. SEbS fair. A moderate Trade throughout and mostly cloudy weather. Swell much gone down in the latter part. AM Performed Divine Service. AM Shifted the Mainsail with the 2nd best. Lat 21.59S Long 28.33W.

[Page 053:]

England towards Madras

Monday 17th June 1805.
C&D S34W 72. SSE fair. Light breezes and variable with fine weather. PM Bent the Main Staysail. Commodore WNW 1 mile. AM People employed under the Boatswain fitting a Fore Spring Stay and otherwise as needful. At 9AM the Commodore made our Signal or a boat lowered down the Jolly Boat and sent her on board. At ½ past 10 she returned hoisted her up. Lat 22.54S Long 29.16W.

Tuesday 18th June.
C&D S13E 71. SEbS. A light Trade and clear weather throughout. AM Roused the Sails up out of the Sail Room and stowed the afresh. Bent the Mizzen Storm staysail. People and Tradesmen otherwise employed as most necessary. Commodore SbE 2 miles. Lat 24.03S Long 28.59W.

[Page 054:]

Cumberland from England

Wednesday June 19th.
C&D S29E 56. Light airs at N and fair. A light breeze from the North & East in the first and middle parts with fair weather latter variable an cloudy . Commodore South 1 mile. People employed by the Boatswain making Points & Ropebands. And painting the New Main Topsail. Lat 24.53S Long 28.29W.

Thursday June 20th.
C&D South 58. Cloudy. Light breezes and cloudy. At 9am the Commodore made Signal to heave too lowered down the Jolly Boat and sent her on board the Blenheim with letters. At 11 she returned hoisted her up and made Sail. People employed under the Boatswain & otherwise as most necessary. Lat 26.00S Long 28.29W.

[Page 055:]

Towards Madras.

Friday 21 June.
C&D S15W 37. EbS First & middle parts light breezes and clear weather. Calm & sultry. Signal to close and steer SSE. PM Shifted the Main Topsail with the new one. At 11am the Commodore made the General Signal for the Convoy instructions, Sent Mr Wilkinson in the Gig. At noon the Gig returned with additional instructions. People and Tradesmen employed as necessary. Lat 26.31S Long 28.09W.

Saturday 22nd June.
C&D S30E 101. Light airs and Calms in the first part increasing towards the middle & latter to a fresh breeze with hard squalls and showers of rain. Commodore SW ½ mile. AM shifted the old Jib with the 2nd best . People variously employed by the Boatswain Lat 27.56S Long 27.42W.

[Page 056:]

Cumberland from England

Sunday 23rd June 1805.
C&D S82E 42. SbE cloudy. The first and middle parts fresh breezes and cloudy latter part light breezes with a heavy swell from the South which makes the Ship labour much. Commodore ESE ¼ mile. At 6pm confined James Porter in Irons for drunkenness & neglect of Duty. A violent heavy swell which prevented our performance of Divine Service. AM Mustered the Ships Company. Lat 28.02S Long 26.56W.

Monday June 24th.
C&D S43W 90. SSE cloudy. Squally and cloudy throughout with a heavy swell from the Southward. AM Punished James Porter with 2 dozen lashes and released him. Taken aback squally. Watch employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the second best Jib. Lat 28.52S Long 28.05W.

[Page 057:]

Towards Madras

Tuesday 25th June.
C&D S23W 91. SE cloudy. Light breezes and cloudy weather throughout. PM Shifted the Fore & mizzen top Gallant with the short ones. Signal to close & steer SSE. AM People employed under the Boatswain otherwise as needful. Tradesmen usefully employed. Lat 29.22S Long 28.46W.

Wednesday 26th June.
C&D S35E 68. EbS cloudy. First part light airs variable middle and latter a pleasant breeze and cloudy. AM Washed the gun Deck, otherwise employed as most necessary. Sailmaker repairing the second best Mizzen Topsail. Lat 31.26S Long 28.00W.

[Page 058:]

Cumberland from England

Thursday 27th June 1805.
C&D S48E 144. NWbW cloudy. Pleasant Pleasant breezes and fair weather. Commodoe SEbS 1½ miles. AM People employed under the Boatswain. Hoist a new Foresail & otherwise as needful. Tradesmen as needful. Signal to steer SEbE & ships astern to make more sail. Lat 32.58S Long 25.44W.

Friday 28th June.
C&D S68E 172. A steady breeze throughout increasing towards the latter part. PM Shifted the Mizzen Topail with the second best. Rove new Fore and fore topsail braces. AM The watch employed under the Boatswain. Lat 34.02S Long 22.42W.

[Page 059:]

Towards Madras

Saturday 29th June.
C&D S70E 197. NW fair. Fresh Gales and cloudy throughout. AM People employed under the Boatswain. Scraped & cleaned the Gun Deck. Lat 34.51S Long 18.58W.

[Cumberland now enjoying the benefit of the Roaring Forties]

Sunday 30th June.
C&D S82E 202. NbE A steady Gale throughout with cloudy weather. AM The Sea running very high could not perform Divine Service. Lat 35.12S Long 16.54W.

[Page 060:]

Cumberland from England

Monday 1st July 1805.
C&D S85E 152. NbW Squally rain. Fresh Gales and squally with rain throughout. Hove too and reefed the Main Topsail. Down Mizzen Top Gallant yard. Commodore SSW ½ mile. People employed under the Boatswain. At Noon in 3rd reef Main Topsail & handed the Mainsail. Lat 35.16S Long 11.51W.

Tuesday 2nd July.
C&D S77E 133. SSW clear. The first part squally middle and latter a moderate breeze. AM Washed the Gun Deck. Shifted the Foresail with the new one and otherwise as most necessary. Lat 35.29S Long 9.12W.

[Page 061:]

Towards Madras

Wednesday 3rd July.
C&D S68E 159. West squally. First part moderate breezes middle and latter fresh breezes and squally. Reefed & handed the Mainsail & in 2nd reef mizzen sail. AM People employed under the Boatswain otherwise as necessary. Loosed the Main Sail. Lat 36.11S Long 6.11W.

Thursday 4 July.
C&D S70E 134. Fair. Commodore ENE 1 mile. A fresh breeze throughout with squalls and showers of rain at times & a Cross Sea which makes the Ship roll much. AM Watch as most usefully employed under the Boatswain . Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Topmast Staysail. Lat 36.46S long 3.35W.

[Page 062:]

Cumberland from England

Friday 5th July 1805.
C&D S75E 164.WNW cloudy. First and middle part fresh breezes and squally with showers of rain latter fresh breezes and clear. Commodore NE 1 mile. PM People usefully employed under the Boatswain. Lat 37.04S Long 00.17W.

Saturday 6th July.
C&D S84E 197. NbW. A pleasant steady Gale throughout with clear weather. AM Scraped and cleaned the Gun Deck & otherwise employed as most necessary. The latter part of the 24 hours under easy Sail for the Metcalf at 8am she was just in sight from my Mizzen Rigging. Lat 37.27S Long 3.51E.

[Page 063:]

Towards Madras

Sunday 7th July.
C&D S83E 168. NW clear. First part fresh breezes & clear weather middle and latter moderate brezes & cloudy. Commodore South 1 mile. At Noon mustered the Ships Company. Employed in making & shortening Sail which prevents our performing Divine Service. Lat 37.53S Long 7.22E.

Monday 8th July.
C&D S81E 154.NNW cloudy. Commodore North 1 mile. A pleasant steady breeze throughout with cloudy weather. AM The watch employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the Driver. At Noon a strange Sail in sight astern. The Greyhound supposed to have spoke her. Lat 37.50S Long 10.34E

[Page 064:]

Cumberland from England

Tuesday 9th July.
C&D S87E 134. NE Cloudy. First and middle part moderate breezes and cloudy latter part fresh breezes & cloudy. Commodore SSW ½ mile. PM People employed under the Boatswain, Sailmaker as yesterday. At Noon the stranger still in sight. Lat 37.55S Long 13.23E.

Wednesday 10th July.
C&D East 183. First part a fresh Gale & clear, middle and latter squally and cloudy with rain at times. AM shifted the Main Top Gallant mast with the short one. Sailmaker as for days past. Out 2nd reef Main Topsail. Lat 37.30S Long 17.15E

[Page 065:]

Towards Madras

Thursday 11th July.
C&D N87E 151. Variable & rain. First part light breezes & cloudy middle and latter fresh breezes and squally with hard rain and a heavy swell which makes the Ship labour much. Commodore SbE 1 mile. AM People usefully employed. Lat 37.23S Long 20.23E.

Friday 12th July.
C&D S81E 135. Variable & cloudy. Commodore SE ¼ mile. First part light airs from the South with heavy swell from the Southward, middle part squally with rain latter a moderate breeze & cloudy. AM The watch employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker as for days past. At 7am the Commodore hoisted his colours and made the Signal for the Bombay ships to part Company. Lat37.13S Long 23.10E.

[Page 066:]

Cumberland from England

Saturday 13th July 1805.
C&D S84E 164. NWbW cloudy. Fresh breezes and squally throughout with shows of rain at times. Commodore SEbS 1mile. AM Scraped & cleaned the Gun Deck. Sailmaker repairing 2nd best Fore Top Staysail. Lat 37.40S Long 26.55E.

Sunday 14th July.
C&D S88E 168. SSW clear. A fresh breeze throughout with cloudy weather. AM Performed Divine Service. Lat 37.2S Long 30.16E.

[Page 067:]

towards Madras

Monday 15th July.
C&D N84E 111. NEbN cloudy. The first part fresh breezes and cloudy middle part variable from NEbN to SW with heavy claps of thunder & lightning hail & rain latter part pleasant breezes and fair. Commodore ESE 2 miles. People usefully employed under the Boatswain otherwise as necessary. Shortened Sail Out all reefs. Lat 36.59S Long 32.24E.

Tuesday 16th July.
C&D N73E 84. North clear. First and middle parts a pleasant steady breeze latter squally with a heavy confused Sea. AM The watch employed under the Boatswain, Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Topmast Stay Sail. At 10am the Coutts carried away he Fore Topmast on a squall. Lat 36.26S Long 34.4 E.

[Page 068:]

Cumberland from England

Wednesday 17th July.
C&D S61W 33. ESE Squally. Hard Gales with heavy Squalls throughout with rain and a heavy Sea which makes the Ship labour much. Down Top Gallant yards close reefed fore Topsail and handed the Mainsail. Wore the Ship as per Signal. Commodore west 2 miles. Lat 36.57S Long 33.28E.

Thursday 18th July.
C&D N42E 48.Cloudy & squally. Commodore NNW 2 miles. The first middle part squalls and heavy showers of rain with a heavy Sea which makes the Ship labour much, latter moderate and fair. PM Up Top Gallant yards and otherwise as necessary. Shifted the Main Sail with the 2nd best. Lat 36.19S Long 34.06E.

[Page 069:]

Towards Madras

Friday 19th July.
C&D S82E 95.SW fair. Frst and middle part light airs and fair latter part fresh breezes and squally with rain at times. Commodore SSW 2 miles. People employed as most necessary under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the Main Topsail. Carried away the Main Top Gallant yard. Swayed a new Top Gallant yard. Lat 36.58S Long 36.05E.

Saturday 20 July.
C&D S86E 195. NW hard Squalls & cloudy. First part hard Squalls with thick hazy weather, middle & latter more moderate. Down Top Gallant yards. Struck Top Gallant Masts. At daylight swayed the Top Gallant Masts up and crossed the yards. Sailmaker as yesterday. Set the Mizzen Top Sail. Lat 36.33S Long40.06E.

[Page 070:]

Cumberland from [England]

Sunday 21st July.
C&D S86E 219. NWbN hard squally. Hard Gales throughout & heavy squalls thunder lightning rain and a high Sea which makes the Ship labour much. Handed the Main Sail. At 2pm shifted the Main Topsail with the best and set it at double reef. At 10am the Commodore made the Signal for the Ships ahead to shorten Sail. lose reefed the Topsails and handed them . At 11 the Signal to heave too, hauled the Foresail up and hove too. Down Fore Top Gallant yards. At Noon 10 Sail in sight. Strong Gale of wind could not perform Divine Service. Lat 36.49S Long 44.39E.

Monday 22nd July.
C&D S83E 160. WNW Loosed the Topsails. Squally with showers of rain throughout and a heavy Sea. AM Up Fore Top Gallant yard otherwise employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore Top Mast Staysail. Lat 36.49S Long 47.58E.

[Page 071:]

England towards Madras

Tuesday 23rd July.
C&D N65E 147. SbW Fresh breezes and squally with rain throughout & a heavy swell. Commodore WSW 1½ miles. Down Top Gallant yards & handed the Mainsail. People employed under the Boatswain and otherwise as necessary. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore topmast Staysail. Lat 35.52S Long 50.43E

Wednesday 24th July.
C&D S87E 105. NW cloudy. A moderate breeze throughout and pleasant weather. Commodore SW ½ mile. AM Washed the Gun Deck and otherwise fully employed. Lat 36.04S Long 52.51E.

[Page 072:]

Cumberland from [England]

Thursday 25th July.
C&D S81E 183. NW Squally with rain. Fresh breezes & cloudy throughout. Commodore SE 3 miles. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing 2nd best Main Topsail. Lat 36.36S Long 56.35E.

Friday 26th July.
C&D E3N 138. NWbN. First part a pleasant steady Gale with hazy weather, middle a moderate breeze with showers of rain latter light airs inclinable to Calms. AM The watch employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top Gallant Sail. Commodore SEbE ½ mile. Lat 36.25S Long 59.25E.

[Page 073:]

England towards Madras

Saturday 27th July.
C&D N87E 147. WNW cloudy. The first part light breezes and cloudy, middle & latter parts fresh breezes and hazy.AM Washed the Gun Deck and otherwise employed as needful. Sailmaker as yesterday. Commodore ESE 1½ miles. Lat 36.08S Long 62.26E.

Sunday 28th July.
C&D N69E 201. NbE clear. Fist part steady gale and clear weather. middle & latter squally with shower of rain at times. Weather too unsettled to perform Divine Service being wet from thick haze. Lat 34.54S Long 66.17E

[Page 074;]

Cumberland from England

Monday 29th July 1805.
C&D N47E 194. N. Squally & rain. Fresh Gales with squalls & rain throughout. Commodore East 1 mile. AM People usefully employed. Sailmaker on the Fore Top Gallant sail. Lat 32.42S Long 69.09E.

Tuesday 30th July.
C&D N27E 183. WbS squally. First and middle parts Squally and cloudy with a heavy cross Sea which makes the Ship labour much. Commodore NE 1 mile. Latter part more moderate, Sea much fallen. AM The watch employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the Fore Top Gallant Sail. Lat 30.17S Long 70.46E.

[Page 075:]

Towards Madras

Wednesday 31st July.
C&D N27E 105. SWbW cloudy. Commodore SEbS 1 mile. Light breezes & variable throughout. With cloudy weather. AM Swayed up the Lower yards & fitted new Straps for them. Shifted the Mizzen Top Gallant mast with the long one and crossed the Top Gallant yard, Shifted the Fore Topmast Staysail with the old one & Set up the Main Topmast Rigging. Lat 28.50S Long 71.40E.

Thursday 1st August.
C&D N33E 69. Variable clear. Light breezes and variable throughout. PM shifted the Main Top Gallant Mast with the long one & Main Topsail with the 2nd best. Commodore SSE 1 mile. AM Shifted the Fore Top Gallant Mast with the long one & the Fore Topsail & Top Gallant sail with the old ones. At 9am lowered down the Jolly Boat and sent her on board the Blenheim as per Signal. Lat 27.47S Long 72.22E.

[Page 076:]

Cumberland from England

Friday 2nd August 1805.
C&D N33E 49. SW clear. Light airs variable and inclinable to a Calm. PM Shifted the Main Topmast & Staysail with the second best, set up the Fore Topsail mast rigging & unbent the Storm Staysails. People usefully employed under the Boatswain & otherwise as needful. Sailmaker on the old Main Top Gallant Sail. Lat 24.26S Long 72.52E.

Saturday 3rd August
C&D N14W 71. Variable cloudy. Commodore north 1 mile. A light breeze throughout and cloudy weather. AM Washed the Gun Deck and otherwise employed as most necessary. Lat 25.35S Long 72.33E.

[Page 077:]

Towards Madras

Sunday 4th August.
C&D N57E 59. NEbE fair. Light breezes and fair weather throughout. Commodore NNE ½ mile. Tacked as per Signal. AM Performed Divine Service. Lat 25.07S Long 73.27E.

Monday 5th August.
C&D N58E 87. Variable with rain. Cloudy and squally with rain for the most part. AM The watch employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top Gallant Sail. Commodore NE ½ mile. Lat 24.26S Long 74.50E.

[Page 078:]

Cumberland from England

Tuesday 6th August 1805.
C&D N25E 164. SWbS cloudy rain. The first and middle part moderate breezes and cloudy with rain at times, Latter part fresh breezes & Squally with continual rain. Commodore NE 1 mile. People usefully employed. AM Carried away the Starboard Fore Topmast Studding Sail Boom. Got up another. Commodore NE 1 mile. Lat 21.58S Long 76.07E

Wednesday August 7th 1805.
C&D N14E 134. SE. A Strong Trade very hazy squalls and almost a constant rain the latter moderate & fine weather. At half past 4pm saw three Strange Ships to the ESE close in with the fleet and in a few minutes the Commodore made the Signal for their being enemies to form the order of Battle and to prepare for action, immediately turned the hands to Quarters & cleared Ship for action. PM The Maringo [Marengo] bearing the flag of a Rear Admiral passed close and under our Lee Quarter and gave us his Broadside with within about 100 yards off, also a second one with a volley of musquetry from his - Lat 19.31S Long 76.41E.

[Page 079:]

Towards Madras

Wednesday Aug 7th continued.
from his tops and Poop which we returned in the best possible manner. She then bore up a little and shot ahead towards the Exeter and the Blenheim. In a few minutes after this a large frigate passed close to us and gave us her Broadside and musquetry [musketry] and then passed on after the line of Battle Ship we giving them our Broadside and musquetry as they passed as we could. All this time the weather was very dirty with much rain and blowing strong & at dark the Admiral made the Signal to close and carefully to observe his motion during the night. At Daylight the enemy were in sight on our Starboard beam about 4 miles to windward & continued in that position until noon, sometimes bearing up and at other times keeping his wind, at which time they hauled close to the wind, we continuing our course in close order of Sailing and the Admiral in the rear of the fleet. All hands at Quarters during the whole time. Our damage consists of the Fore yard being shot through. The head of the main mast shot through above the rigging, and both the main Trestle Trees, two main shrouds, one futtock shroud one main Trees & Main Topsail Tye shot away with a great quantity of running rigging and our sails very much cut to pieces – fortunate no person either killed or wounded.

Thursday 8th August.
C&D N19W 56. NEbN Light breezes and variable this 24 hours with fine weather. Repaired the Main Topsail. From noon until sunset the Enemy kept close to the wind at which time they were more than Hull down to the windward of us. Kept all hands at Quarters all night and at Daylight the enemy were not to be seen from the mast head. At 9am went on board the Admiral as per Signal. People knotting and splicing the rigging and the Carpenter s fishing the fore yard. Washed the Gun Deck. Commodore East ¼ mile. Lat 18.12S Long 76.23E.

[Page 080:]

Cumberland from England

Friday 9th August 1805.
C&D N13E 85. Variable hazy The first part light airs middle and latter a pleasant breeze and cloudy. Commodore ENE ¼ mile. AM The watch employed under the Boatswain, Tradesmen at their different Callings. Fumigated the Orlop Deck. Lat 16.49S long 76.63E.

Saturday 10th August.
C&D N25E 146. EbS Hazy. Moderate breezes and hazy throughout. Shifted the Main Top Gallant Sail with the old one. PM Put John Sibley Cooper in Irons for getting Drunk & abusing Mr Hesleden Mate. Likewise Samuel Peacock and John Brady Seamen for fighting & striking Mr Trotter Boatswain. AM Washed the Gun Deck and exercised the Great Guns, PM Punished John Sibley with 2 dozen lashes and released him. Likewise Samuel Peacock with 2 dozen for striking Mr Trotter Boatswain and John Brady with one dozen for fighting. Lat 14.52S Long 77.47E

[Page 081:]

Towards Madras

Sunday 11th August.
C&D NNE 153. ESE clear. A pleasant steady Trade throughout with clear weather. Commodore NEbN 1 mile. Performed Divine Service. Lat 12.18S Long 78.50E

Monday August 12th.
C&D N20E 160. ESE fair. A fresh Trade throughout with fair weather. PM People employed under the Boatswain slinging the Bouys ----ding[?] the Main masthead and making Gaclets[?]. Carpenters securing the Main Trestle Trees. Armourer at the forge. Cooper setting up the Butts , and the Sailmaker on the 2nd best Foresail. Lat 9.26S Long 79.46E.

[Page 082:]

Cumberland from England

Tuesday 13th August 1805.
C&D N20E 164. EbS clear. A fresh Trade throughout with Squall & rain in the middle part. Commodore SEbE ½ mile. PM Shifted the Foresail with the 2nd best. PM the watch employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the old Mizzen Topsail. Armourer at the forge, The other Tradesmen at their respective Callings. Lat 6.40S Long 80.46E

Wednesday 14th.
C&D N18E 163.SE cloudy. The first and middle parts fresh breezes with hard squalls and rain Latter part light breezes and variable with rain at times. Commodore NNE 1 mile. PM Roused up the best and small Bower Cables and Coiled hem in the Orlop. Cooper setting up Butts. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker repairing the old Mizzen topsail. Lat 3.51S Long 81.36E

[Page 083:]

Thursday 15th August.
C&D North 121. South cloudy. First part squally with heavy rain middle & latter a moderate breeze with pleasant weather. Commodore North 2 miles. AM Roused up the Sheet Cables and Stream ditto and coiled them on the Orlop. Tradesmen at their respective Callings. Lat 1.45S Long 81.35E.

Friday August 16th.
C&D N11E 107. SE fair. Light breezes throughout with sultry weather. AM roused up the best and Small Bower Cables and clapped on the whole Cable Service & otherwise usefully employed. Gunner painting the Jolly Boat. Armourer at the Forge. Carpenter setting up the Butts. Lat 00.4S Long 81.56E.

[Crossed the Equator]

[Page 084:]

Ship Cumberland from

Saturday 17th August 1805.
C&D North 142. South hazy. First part a moderate breeze and cloudy weather middle Squally with rain latter a pleasant breeze & clear weather. PM Payed the Bower Cables down into their Trees. AM Washed the Gun Deck and bent the Bower Cables. Tradesmen at their respective Callings. Armourer at the Forge. Lat 2.30N Long 81.56E.

Sunday August 18th.
C&D N14W 168. Squally & rain. Fresh breezes throughout with frequent hard squalls & showers of rain. Commodore NNW 1 mile. At 2am in a hard Squall carried away the Larboard Foresail Studding Boom. AM People variously employed under the Boatswain making a Foresail Studding Boom. Weather too unsettled to perform Divine Service. Commodore NW 1 mile. Lat 5.35N Long 81.16E.

[Page 085:]

England towards Madras

Monday August 19th.
C&D N25W 120. WSW Squally. First part Squally middle and latter light airs and variable. AM Un-stowed the Bower Anchors. Carpenter making Topmast Studding Sail Boom. Lat 7.25N Long 80.26E

Tuesday August 20th.
SSWbW fair. The first part light airs and fair middle pat fresh breezes with fine weather. PM Bent the Sheet Cable and un-stowed the Anchor. At half past 10am the Commodore made Signal for Seeing the land bearing SW. People employed under the Boatswain and otherwise as needful. Commodore SWbS 1 mile. Lat 9.09N Long 79.06E.

]Page 086:]

Ship Cumberland from [England

Wednesday 21st August.
C&D N33W 113.WbN clear. First part light airs variable middle and latter a pleasant steady breeze with clear weather. Commodore WbS 1½ miles. Washed the Gun Deck and otherwise as necessary. Lat 11.7N Long 78.46E.

Thursday August 22nd.
C&D N14W 50. SWbS fair. The first part fresh breezes with hard squalls and rain middle part light sirs and fair latter part light airs and variable with Calms. Commodore NW 1 mile. At 3pm saw the land from the Deck bearing NW. At 6pm the extremes of the land from SWbS to NW½N distance 4 or 5 Leagues. At Daylight saw Pondicherry bearing West off shore 3 or 4 miles. At Noon the extremes of the Land from SW to NbE. Lat 11.59N Long 77.53E

[Page 087:]

England towards Madras

Friday August 23rd.
C&D ----. Variable & clear. Light breezes and variable fine weather. Commodore SEbE 1 mile. At Sunset Sadras WbS½S. the extremes of the Land from SW½W to North distance from shore 4 or 5 miles. At 10pm saw the Madras Light bearing NNW. At Daylight made sail & at 8am Came too in 9 fms with the Best Bower in Madras Roads, the flag staff of Fort George bearing WbN off shore 1½ miles, found laying in the Roads HMS Weymouth with Admiral Pellews flag, The Greyhound & the Rattle Snake Sloop, likewise four homeward bound Indiamen. This log contains 36 hours.

[End of Sea Log]

[Start of Harbour Log]

Saturday August 24th.
Light land and Sea breezes with fine weather. At 3am moored Ship with a Cable each way. At Daylight disembarked HM 3 Regt. At 7am went on shore Captain Farrer. PM Delivered the fifteen pipes of Wine belonging to HM Ship Blenheim. PM Swayed up the Main yard & otherwise employed as needful. Sailmaker repairing the Fore Topsail.

Sunday 25th.
Moderate land & Sea breezes with rain during the night. AM delivered the 10 Marine boys to the Blenheim. Employed delivering Private Trade and otherwise about the Rigging. Sailmaker repairing the Main Topsail. Run George Barrett 2nd mate’s servant. Land & Sea breezes with hot sultry weather. AM came on board Lieut. Gilcrist with 32 men from HMS Weymouth to strip our Main Mast, otherwise employed delivering Private Trade. Carpenter making new Trestle Trees. Arrived here the HCS Coutts.

[Page 088:]

Ship Cumberland in [Madras]

Tuesday 27th August 1805.
Land & Sea breezes with Squalls and rain, employed delivering Private Trade and empty Butts and otherwise as needful. Sailmaker repairing the Main topsail.

Wednesday 28th August.
Land and Sea breezes with hot sultry weather. AM the Weymouth people fitting the Main Rigging. Ships Company employed delivering Private Trade empty Butts and otherwise as most needed. Arrived the HC Ship Warley.

Thursday 29th August.
Variable winds and sultry weather. The Weymouth people employed as yesterday. Ship Company delivering Private Trade and otherwise as most necessary. Sailmaker repairing the Main Topmast Sail.

Friday 30th August.
A regular Land & Sea breeze. Sent 6 Chests of Treasure on board the Castle Eden and 24 on board HM Frigate Greyhound. being all we had on acct of the Hon Coy, otherwise employed as for days past.

Saturday 31st August.
Land & Sea breezes with hot sultry weather. Rigged the Main Mast and fidded the Topmast, otherwise employed as needful. Sailmaker repairing the fore Top Gallant Sail.

Sunday 1st September.
Variable winds with hot sultry weather. AM fidded the Main Top Gallant Mast. Swayed up the lower amd Topsail yards bent the Sails and crossed the Top Gallant yards, Likewise got the Rigging up, otherwise employed as needful. PM Departed this life Joseph Andrews Seaman. At 8pm Committed the body of the deceased to the deep.

[Page 089:]

Madras Roads

Monday 2nd September 1805.
Land and Sea breezes with hot weather, employed rattling down the Rigging, running Rigging and otherwise delivering empty Butts and in the hold.

Tuesday 4th.
Fresh Land & Sea breezes throughout with fair weather. Employed receiving water and other Stores and delivering empty Butts. Tradesmen usefully employed.

Wednesday 4th.
Land and Sea breezes with Squalls and rain during the night. Employed under the Boatswain and receiving Sundry Stores. Gunner painting the Ship.

Thursday 5th.
Moderate land & Sea breezes with hot sultry weather. At 5am unmoored and hove in to the Half Cable Service. Employed receiving Arrack on acct of the Naval Store Ships and otherwise as most needful. Cornl Chas. Lawrence passenger to England. Received our Sailing instructions from HMS Blenheim. Came on board Captain Farrer and Passengers. Ships Draft 21 feet fwd 21 feet aft.

Friday 6th September.
Light land and Sea breezes with pleasant weather. At ½ past 10am the Commodore made to Signal to weigh. At ½ past 11 came on board Mr Roberts Purser with our dispatches, weighed and made Sail, at Noon hove too for the fleet. This Log contains only 12 hours. Passengers from Madras to Pulo Penang Mr Chitley & Mr Ibbertson.

[End of Harbour Log]

[Start of Sea Log Madras]

[Page 090:]

Ship Cumberland

Saturday 7th September 1905.
C&D S68E 116. SbW The first and latter part pleasant breezes and fair middle part fresh breezes and Squally with rain. Commodore SEbE 1 mile. At 4pm Fort St George WSW. At sunset the flag staff of Fort St George WbN. The extremes of the Land from SW to WNW distance off shore 7 or 8 miles. AM Swayed up the Main yard. Washed the Gun Deck and otherwise employed as needful. Gunner painting the Ship, Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Mizzen Topsail. Lat 12.22N Long 82.17E.

Sunday 8th September.
C&D S59E 142. SW clear. Commodore EbS ½ mile. First part a steady breeze and clear weather middle Squally with heavy rain, latter a moderate breeze with cloudy weather. At 2am Saw a small cloud rise in ye SW quarter expecting there might be a squall in it, took in the Top Gallant Sails, hauled down the Jib and Mainsails Up and stood by the Topsail halliard in the of doing this a Sudden and violent Squall came on accompanied with thunder, lightning and heavy rain, that before the Mizzen Topsail yard could be cleared down it carried away the Mizzen Topmast close to the Cap and the Gaff right in ye middle, also the Mizzen Topsail mast. Employed clearing away the wreck, un-stowed the Boom and got the Mizzen Topmast and Gaff spars out. AM The Carpenter employed making a new mizzen topmast, got a pull on the Main Stay and set the Main Topmast & Rigging up. Could not perform Divine Service this day being employed clearing & refitting the wreck. Lat 11.10N Long 84.7E.

[Page 091:]

Towards Pulo Penang

Monday September 9th.
C&D S85E 126. WSW Moderate breezes & cloudy throughout. Crossed the Mizzen Topsail yards. Commodore ESE 1½ miles. Bent the Sail and set it, otherwise employed as necessary. Carpenter making a new Gaff. Gunner painting the Ship. Sailmaker on the second best Mizzen Topsail. Swayed the Mizzen Topmast up. Lat 9.58N Long 86.14E.

Tuesday September 10th.
C&D S56E 155. SSW clear. A steady breeze throughput & clear weather. otherwise as mot necessary. Gunner as yesterday. Carpenter making a new Mizzen Top Gallant Mast. The other Tradesmen at their respective Callings. Lat 8.31E. Long 88.24E.

[Page 092:]

Ship Cumberland

Wednesday September 1th 1805.
C&D S56E 146. SSW fair. A moderate breeze & cloudy throughout. Commodore ESE 2 miles. PM Swayed up fidded the Mizzen Top Gallant Mast and crossed the yard. AM employed re-stowing the Booms and otherwise as necessary. Gunner as per days past. Sailmaker repairing the best Fore Topsail. Lat 7.09N Long 90.25E.

Thursday September 12th.
C&D S58E 146. SSW clear. First part light breezes and clear weather middle and latter Squally with rain. At Daylight saw a strange Sail bearing ESE. At 6am the Commodore made the Signal for Seeing the land bearing NEbN. AM the watch employed cleaning and scraping the Upper Deck. At noon the Commodore in chase of the Stranger. Lat 6.13N Long 92.30E.

[Page 093:]

Towards Pulo Penang

Friday September 13th 1805.
C&D S82E 141. South Squally & rain. Moderate breezes with squalls and rain at times. At 11pm the Exeter made the Signal for Seeing land. Saw Pulo Way bearing S½E dist 4 or 5 miles. Commodore EbN 1 mile. At daylight saw the land bearing SWbS at the extremes of the Sumatra coast from SW½S to SbE dist about 11 or 12 Leagues. Lat 5.27N Long 94.45E.

Saturday September 14th 1805.
C&D East 90. SW clear. First and middle part pleasant breezes and fair latter part squally with rain. At ½ past 5pm departed this life Mr A.B. Dick Passenger. AM Washed the Gun Deck. At Noon committed the body to the Deep with the usual Ceremonies. Lat 6.23N Long 96.15E.

[Page 094:]

Ship Cumberland towards

Sunday September 15th 1805.
C&D N80E 32. SEbS cloudy. Light airs and variable with Calms throughout. Commodore EbN 2½ miles. Daylight saw Pulo Buton bearing ENE dist 10 Leagues. At Noon Pulo Buton bearing NE dist 10 Leagues. Performed Divine Service & Mustered the Ships Company Lat 6.23N Long 91.47E

Monday September 16th.
C&D N80E 54. Light airs variable and sultry weather. AM People employed under the Boatswain. Carpenter making a new Mizzen Trestle Tree. Sailmaker on the best Fore Topsail, the other Tradesmen at their respective Callings. At Daylight saw Pulo Bouton [Buton] bearing N½E Pulo Ladda NE. Pulo Pana SWbS½S.The extremes of the land from N½W to NEbE. At Noon Pulo Pana NbW dist 8 or 9 Leagues. Pulo Ladda N½E dist 9 Leagues. Lat 6.04N Long 97.40E.

[Page 095:]

Pulo Penang

Tuesday September 17th.
C&D S55E 44. Variable hazy. Light airs throughout with hot sultry weather. Commodore SEbE 2 miles. At 7am Saw Pulo Penang bearing EbS½S. AM People employed under the Boatswain. Washed the Gun Deck. T Noon the boy of Pulo Penang EbN dist 4 or 5 Leagues, the extremes of the and from NEbE to ESE. Lat 5.59N Long 98.16E.

Wednesday September 18th.
C&D ----. Light breezes and variable throughout. At 4pm the NW point of Penang E½S, the body of the Island ESE off shore 3 or 4 Leagues At u the NW point of the Island SE¾E dist about 6 miles. At 11pm came too with the best Bower in 18 fms. At ½ past 5am weighed and made Sail. The NW extremes SbE Pulo Tecouse [Tecos - now Rat Island] SE½E off shore about 5 miles. At ½ past 3pm came too with the best Bower 7½ fms. The flag staff of Fort Cornwallis bearing SSE off shore 1½ miles. PM People employed getting the fore yard & Gaff down & striking the Mizzen Top Gallant Mast. Lat – Long --.

[End of Sea Log]

[Start of Harbour Log]

[Page 096:]

Ship Cumberland

Thursday 19th September 1805.
Light airs and Calms throughout. At Sunrise went on shore Governor Dundas, Saluted him with 19 Guns, likewise Captain Farrer. At 5am weighed and dropped abreast of the Fort, otherwise employed delivering bags and stripping the Mizzen Masts.

Friday 20th Lught airs and sultry during the day and rain at times in the night. Employed delivering Arrack on acct of Russell Corcorane, Passengers Baggage and Private Trade. At ½ past 11am moored Ship with a whole Cable each way the Stream to the Southward and best bower to the Northward. Carpenter preparing a fish for the fore yard.

Saturday 21st.
Light breezes and variable throughout with Squalls and rain during the night. AM People employed delivering baggage and Private Trade, likewise under the Boatswain Rigging the Mizzen mast. Carpenter fishing the fore yard. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Jib.

Sunday 22nd September.
Moderate breezes from the Southward with rain in the night. People employed under the Boatswain. Crossed Tack Mizzen Topsail yards, otherwise delivering Governor Dundas’s baggage and Private Trade. Received 27 Butts of water Carpenter fishing the fore yard. Sailmaker as yesterday.

Monday 23rd.
Light breezes and variable with heavy rain during the night. Employed delivering baggage and in the hold and otherwise under the Boatswain. Carpenter finishing the for yard. Caulker caulking the water way seams in the upper Deck. Sailmaker repairing the Mizzen Top Gallant Sail & Job. Received 22 Butts of water.

Tuesday 24th.
The first part light airs & Calms the last part Squalls with rain. AM Loosed Sails to dry. People employed delivering the remainder of the passengers baggage and otherwise as necessary. PM Swayed up the fore yard. Tradesmen usefully employed.

[Page 097:]

At Penang

Wednesday 25th September.
Light breezes with hard rain during the night. AM cleared Hawse, otherwise employed under the Boatswain about the rigging. PM Came on board a party of men from HMS Blenheim and set our Rigging up.

Thursday 26th.
Light breezes and Squally. People employed under the Boatswain and in the hold, loosed Sails to dry. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Topmast Staysail.

Friday 27th.
Light airs and variable with rain at times. People employed under the Boatswain and otherwise as needful. Caulkers caulking the water ways on the Gun Deck. Sailmaker as yesterday. Cleared Hawse.

Saturday 28th.
Moderate breezes and variable with rain in the night. Employed scraping and cleaning the Gun Deck and otherwise under the Boatswain. AM Unmoored and moored again with the Bowers – loosed Sails to dry.

Sunday 29th September.
Light breezes and cloudy throughout. Employed in the hold and otherwise as necessary.

Monday 30th.
Light airs and Calms throughout. Employed receiving water and otherwise under the Boatswain Blacking the Bends & Caulkers as before. Sailmaker repairing the Middle & Top Gallant Staysails, loosed Sails to dry.

Tuesday 1st October.
Light airs and variable throughout Employed under the Boatswain and otherwise as needful. Caulkers on the Gun Deck. Sailmaker as before.

Wednesday 2nd.
Light breezes and variable with rain at times. Employed under the Boatswain and otherwise as needful. Caulkers as for days past. Sailmaker repairing the Mizzen.

[Page 098:]

Ship Cumberland

Thursday 3rd October 1805.
Moderate breezes with fair weather throughout. Employed under the Boatswain and otherwise as necessary. Loosed Sails to dry. Caulkers and Sailmakers as before. Sailed Sir Edward Pellew with the Albion, Sceptre and Russell.

Friday 4th.
Light breezes and variable with rain at times. Employed under the Boatswain and otherwise receiving water. Sailmaker and Caulker as before.

Saturday 5th.
Light breezes and Squally with heavy rain. Employed receiving water and otherwise as needful. Sailmaker repairing the Main Topmast Staysail,

Sunday 6th.
Light airs and Calms. Washed the Gun Deck, loosed Sails to dry. Performed Divine Service.

Monday 7th October 1805.
Moderate breezes and variable with rain in the night. People employed under the Boatswain and otherwise as needful. Loosed the Sails to dry. Caulkers caulking the Gun [deck] Sailmaker repairing the Fore Topmast Staysail .

Tuesday 8th.
Light breezes and fair throughout. Employed under the Boatswain & otherwise clearing Hawse. Gunner painting the masts. Sailmaker and Caulkers as before. Received a boat load of water.

Wednesday 9th.
Light breezes & variable with rain. People employed under the Boatswain and otherwise as needful. Sailmaker repairing the Lower and Topmast Studding Sail. Caulkers as before.

[Page 099:]

At Penang

Thursday 10th October.
Light airs and Calms throughout. Loosed Sails to dry otherwise employed under the Boatswain. Carpenter making a Topmast Studding Sail Boom. Sailmaker and Caulker as before.

Friday 11th.
Moderate breezes with hard rain during the night. Loosed Sails to dry otherwise employed under the Boatswain. Carpenter making a flying Job Boom. Sailmaker making a flying Jib. Caulkers as before.

Saturday 12th.
Light breezes and variable throughout. People employed under the Boatswain. Washed the Gun Deck.

Sunday 13th.
Light breezes with rain throughout. At daylight te Commodore made the Signal for Sailing. Sent on board the Blenheim & received our instructions otherwise employed getting the Ship ready for Sea..

Monday 14th October.
Moderate breezes with rain at times, At daylight he Commodore nade the Signal to unmoor. At Noon cleared the Hawse and unmoored & hove into a third of a Cable. Received a boat load of water.

Tuesday 15th.
Light airs & Calms throughout. At daylight the Commodore made the Signal to weigh, weighed and made Sail in Company with HMS Blenheim, HC Ships Exeter, Coutts, Warley and Hope. At noon the flag staff of Fort Cornwallis bearing SbE. This Log contains only 12 hours. Ships Draft of water fwd 21 feet aft 21.2 in.

[End of Harbour Log]

[Page 100:]

[Start of Sea Log]

Ship Cumberland

Wednesday 16th October 1805.
C&D ---- 40. Light airs and variable with Calms. At 4pm the flag Staff bearing SSE he NE Point of Penang WSW off shore 3 miles. At Sunset the NE point SWbW½W Pulo Toucouse [Tecos - now Rat Island] SE off shore 2 miles. The Commodore bearing W½S 5 or 6 miles. At 8pm falling Calm came too with the small Bower in 9 fms. At 9 weighed with a light breeze from the Southward & Eastward. At daylight could not see the Commodore from the masthead. The sound of 10 fms. Extremes of Pulo Penang from SbE to ESE the body of the Island SE½S dist 8 or 9 miles. The high land of Queda NEbE. At ½ past 9am saw three Ships from the masthead which we take to be Blenheim, Exeter and Hope. At noon the body of Penang ENE dist 4 or 5 Leagues. The extremes of the Queda shore from NNE to ESE. AM Washed the Gun Deck. At Noon the Commodore SbW 7 or 8 miles. Lat 5.10N (obs) Long ---.

Thursday October 17th.
C&D ---- 82. NW. first and middle part pleasant breezes and clear weather. latter cloudy with showers of rain at times. Commodore SSW 3 miles. At daylight Pulo Tarra SSE 3 Leagues. At 4am Pulo Tarra WbS¼S dist about 5 or 6 miles. The extremes of the Sambolongs from NE½N to E¼S. dist 9 or 10 Leagues. At Noon Pulo Tarra NW ½ N dist about 4 Leagues. The extremes of the Sambolongs NE¾N to ENE. PM People and Tradesmen employed as most necessary. Lat 3.51 (obs) Long ----.

[Page 101:]

Towards China

Friday October 28th 1805.
C&D ----. 47. NNE clear. First and middle parts moderate breezes, latter light airs and Calms. Commodore SbE 3. At sunset the Southern most of the Sambolongs just in sight of the Poop bearing NbE extremes of the Malay shore from ENE to NEbN dist about 12 or 13 Leagues. At daylight the extremes of the Malay Shore from NE½N to E¼N dist about 12 or 14 Leagues. The Round Arroe just in sight from the fore yard bearing SEbE½E. At Noon the Long Arroe SbE½E. Round Arroe SbE. Lat 3.7N Long ---.

Saturday 19th October.
C&D --- 32. Variable and clear. Commodore SEbS 1mile. First and latter part light airs middle squally with rain at times & lights at times. At Sunset the Round Arroe SSE½E. Extremes of the Long Arroe SbE to South dist 5 or 6 miles. At ½ past 12am shoaled our water suddenly from 29fms to 17. The Commodore made the Signal to Anchor. At 1am shoaling our water very fast came too with the small Bower in 11fms. At daylight the Round Arroe from the Poop SWbW¾W. Extremes of the Malay Shore from N to ENE. At 11am loughed[?] and made sail as per Signal. At Noon the extremes of the Malay shore from N to E, The Round Arroe SWbW. Lowered down the Jolly Boat and sent her to Sound to the NW and Northward found no less water. Lat 3.4N (obs) Long ----.

[Page 102:]

Ship Cumberland

Sunday 20th October 1805.
C&D ---- 9. NE fair, Commodore SE 2 miles. Came too with the small Bower in 18 fms. First and latter parts light airs and Calns, middle pert squally with hard rain. At Sunset the Parcella Hill E ¼ S some other part of the Malay Shore from EbN to NNE. At 9am weighed and made sail as per Signal. No prayers this day being employed in weighing and making sail. At Noon Parcella Hill E½S the extremes of the Malay Shore from NE½E to EbS. Lat 2.58N Long ----.

Monday 21st October 1805.
C&D --- 53. Variable cloudy. At ½ past 2pm Parcella Hill E½N Trees on the lower land north of Parcella Hill just in sight off the Quarter Deck being then in 24fms water Soft Mud. Commodore SE 3. Cape Richardo East. At daylight Parcella Hill NNW Cape Richardo East At 8am Cape Richardo EbN. At Noon Parcella Hill in sight from the Poop bearing NW¼N Cape Richardo NE¾E dist about 6 or 7 miles. Commodore at anchor ESE 2. Lat 2.21N (obs) Long ---.

[Page 103:]

In Malacca Roads

Tuesday October 22nd C&D --- ---. Calm. At sunset Cape Richardo N½W dist about 6 miles. Commodore SEbS 3 miles. At daylight saw the Outer Water Island bearing SEbE. At ½ past 6 the flag staff of Malacca N½E. Fishers Island NNW. The Outer Water Island SE¾S. At ½ past 2 came too with the Stream Anchor in 24fms. The flag staff North, Fishers Island NNW¼W. Came too with small Bower in 17fms in Malacca Roads. The flag staff NEbE½E. Hoisted out the Yawl and sent her on shore for water. This Log contains 36 hours.

[End of Sea Log]

[Start of Harbour Log]

Wednesday 23rd October.
Light breezes and Calms throughout. Employed under the Boatswain & otherwise as necessary. Received a Boat load of water. PM the Commodore made Signal for Sailing.

Thursday 24th October.
Light breezes and variable. People usefully employed under the Boatswain . Hoisted in theYawl. This Log contains only 12 hours.

[End of Harbour Log]

[Page 104:]

[Start of Sea Log]

Ship Cumberland

Friday October 25th 1805.
C&D ---- 38. First part light airs and Calms, middle squally and rain latter variable with hot sultry weather. At ½ past 5pm The Commodore made Signal to weigh, weighed and made Sail in Company with HMS Blenheim and Sir Edward Hughes, the Bombay fleet and several Country Ships. At 10pm The outermost Water Island east. At daylight the northernmost Water Island SW ½ N, Fishers Island NW. The extremes of the Malay Shore from NbW to E½N dist off shore 7 or 8 Miles. At 8am the extremes of the Malay Shore from NWbN to East. Mount Moar ENE. At Noon mount Moar NE ¾ N Pulo Pisang SE¾E extremes of the Malay Shore 7 or 8 miles. AM People & Tradesmen as most necessary. Carpenter repairing the Yawl. Lat 1.52N (obs) Long ----

Saturday October 26th.
C&D ---- 66. Fair. At 4pm Mount Formosa NbW extremes of the Malay Shore NbW to EbS. The Carrimons SSE. Pulo Pisang EbS½S, dist off the Malay shore 9 or 10 miles. At Daylight Great Carrimon SWbS. At Noon Tree Island SSE½E. Red Island SSEbS. Barn Island EbN, Coney E¾S Great Carrimon WSW. AM Washed the Gun Deck Carpenter as yesterday. People variously employed. Lat 1.17N (obs) Long ----.

[Page 105:]

Towards China

Sunday October 27th 1805.
C&D ---- 57. WNW. At 1pm Rounded the Rabbit & Coney dist about ¾ of a mile. At 4pm Barn Island W¾S. St John’s Hill W½N. Came too with the small Bower in 24 fms. Point Romania NE½E. Mount Marmoset NEbE¼E. Bintang Hill EbS½S. Point Romania EbN¼N dist from Point Romania about 6 Leagues. At ½ past 5am Commodore made Signal to weigh and made sail. No prayers this day People attending the Ship and Sail as we were passing out of the Strait. Pedro Blanco W½S. Lat ---- Long ----. No Observations.

Monday October 28th.
C&D S78E 61. A moderate breeze and fair weather throughout. At 4pm Bintang Hill SW½S. Southernmost extreme of Sumatra S½W. Sumatra Shore 6 or 7 Leagues. AM People employed making Points, Ropebands & otherwise as most necessary. Gunner painting the Quarter Deck, Carpenter repairing the Yawl. Lat 1.09N Long 105.38E.

[Page 106:]

Ship Cumberland

Tuesday October 29th 1805.
C&D S69E 35. South. Fist part light breezes and pleasant weather, middle light airs and Calms latter squally with rain. Commander EbS 2 miles. Signal to close & steer SE. At Daylight Woody Island E½N. At 8am NEbE½E dist off 5 or 6 Leagues. AM The Watch employed as most useful. At Noon a range of Islands from SEb½E to ¼N. signal to keep our station. Tacked as per Signal. Lat 00.51N Long 106.0E.

Wednesday October 30th 1805.
C&D S21E 34. SE Hazy. First and latter part light breezes and cloudy middle light airs & Calm. At sunset the Island of St Julian N¾E. At Daylight St Barb's Island bearing SEbE. The Esprit Islands from NEbN½N to NDE½E. Signal for Ships astern to make more sail. At Noon the body of Island of St Barb's NE½E dist 4 or 5 Leagues. A Washed the Gun Deck 7 otherwise employed making Points etc. Tradesmen usefully employed. Lat 00.19N Long 106.23E.

[Crossed the Equator]

[Page 107:]

Towards China

Thursday Oct 31st 1805.
C&D S20E 29. ENE clear. Light winds mostly fine weather. AM The Watch usefully employed. Carpenter as for days past. Commodore ESE 8 miles. Lat 00.30S Long 106.33E.

Friday November 1st 1805.
C&D S30E 18. ESE Rain. Commodore SE 1 mile. Light airs and Calms throughout with cloudy weather. AM People employed making Points & picking Oakum Tradesmen usefully employed. Lat 00.45S Long 107.37E.

[Page 108:]

Ship Cumberland

Saturday November 2nd.
C&D S63E 49. SbW Signal to close. First & middle parts light breezes and cloudy latter a pleasant breeze with clear weather. At 7am saw the Island of Carrimatto [Carimata]bearing East. AM Washed the Gun Deck and otherwise employed as most necessary. Signal for Ships astern to make more sail. Lat 1.30S Long 107.26E.

Sunday November 3rd.
C&D S37E 24. Tacked as per Signal. Light airs and Calms throughout. At 2pm The extremes of the Carrimatto Island from EbNE to E½N. The Island of Souroutoe [Souroutou] East. At Sunset the body of Carrimatto [Carimata] NbE At ½ past 6 saw two small Islands bearing SSW½W. At 10am The body of body of Carrimatto [Carimata] NE dist 9 or 10 Leagues. 3 small Islands to the South, the Southernmost bearing S½E. Performed Divine Service. At Noon the Body of Carrimatto [Carimata] NbE. Lat 2.05S Long 107.40E..

[Page 109:]

Towards China

Monday November 4th.
C&D East 33. Variable. Light airs variable & cloudy weather with showers on rain at times. Tacked as per Signal. At Sunset the body of Carrimatto [Carimata] N½E. At 8 the nearest of the small Islands SbW¾W. Taken aback At 10pm saw two Stanger Sail bearing NE. Wore. Lat 2.13S Long 108.13E.

Tuesday November 5th.
C&D S54E 25. SbW Squally & hard rain. Light airs and Calms throughout with squalls of rain at times. At ½ past 9am Commodore made the Signal for the Instructions to be ---. Lowered the Jolly Boat and sent them on board by Mr Bethune. At ½ past 10 returned. Tacked as per Signal. AM People employed under the Boatswain otherwise as necessary. AM Exercised the Great Guns. Lat 2.24S Long 108.35E.

[Page 110]

Ship Cumberland

Wednesday November 6th 1805.
C&D S46E 39. Light airs variable and clear weather. Saw 2 sail in the SW quarter made the Signal for same. Commodore East 1 mile. Calm. AM Washed the Gun Deck otherwise employed as most necessary. Signal for ships astern to make more sail. Lat 03.13S Long 109.63E.

Thursday November 7th.
C&D S77E 76. NW fair. Light breezes and clear weather. AM People employed under the Boatswain otherwise pointing the Mizzen Topsail. Signal to steer East. Lat 03.48S Long 110.17E.

[Page 111:]

Towards China

Friday November 8th 1805.
C&D S88E 72. West squally. A light breeze and pleasant weather. Commodore E 2 miles. AM the watch employed under the boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the Main Topsail. Carpenter as per days past. Lat 4.08S Long 111.28E.

Saturday November 9th.
C&D S75E 92. West fair. Moderate breezes & cloudy weather throughout. Commodore E 2 miles. At ½ past 6am saw the Island of Borneo bearing NEbN dist about 10 or 11 Leagues. At 10am the extremes of the land from NNW to NNE. People employed under the Boatswain. Washed the Gun Deck. Carpenter & Sailmaker as yesterday. At Noon extremes of the land from NWbN to NNE. The body of the high land N¼W. Lat 4.27S Long 112.37E.

[Page 112:]

Ship Cumberland

Sunday November 10th 1805.
C&D N70E 49. NW Hazy. Commodore ENE 2 miles. Light breezes variable & pleasant weather. At 4pm the extremes of Borneo from NNE to WbN½N. The Small Pulo Laut from SE to EbS½S. The Island of Morass [Moresses] E¾N. At Sunset the extremes of Borneo from NWbN to NbE. At Sunrise little Pulo Laut South dist 2 or 5 mls. The two Brothers from the mast head EbS. AM Performed Divine Service At 9am the Morass [Moresses] SbW½W. the Brothers SbE½E. At Noon the Brothers S¼E. dist of Pulo Laut 6 or 7 Leagues. Lat 4.13S Long 113.45E.

Monday November 11th.
C&D N28E 69. SSW cloudy. At 4pm the Button Island SWbW½W. dist off shore 3 Leagues. At 12 saw the three Alike Islands NbE½E. At Daylight the three Alike Islands SbW¾W. The extremes of Pulo Laut from SWbW to NbW dist off shoe about 4 Leagues. At Noon the extremes of the land from SWbW to NWbW. People usefully employed Lat 3.12S Long 114.12E.

[Page 113:]

Towards China

Tuesday November 12th 1805.
C&D ---- 31. Light airs & variable. At ½ past 3pm found the Henry Addington had taken the ground. Shortened Sail and hoisted out the Pinnace. The Commodore made the Signal to prepare to anchor. At 5pm the Henry Addington got off and stood the Eastward. Hoisted in the Pinnace and made sail after the Commodore. At 8pm the Commodore made Signal to anchor. Came too with the small Bower in 16fms. At ½ past 3am the Commodore made Signal to weigh, weighed and made sail with a light breeze from the West. At Daylight Shoal Water Point West 5 or 6 miles the extremes if the land from SW½W to NW½W. Commodore made the Signal to Tack and for discovering Danger to the Westward. At 9am the weather becoming thick Commodore made the Signal to anchor. Came too with the Stream in 17fms. At ¼ before 11 weighed and made sail. At Noon Shoal Water Point EbS off Shore 7 or 8 miles. Lat 2.24S (obs) Long 117.35E (obs).

Wednesday 13th November.
C&D N4E 32. EbS fair. Commodore North 1 mile. Th first and latter parts light breezes and fair, middle part calm. At 4pm Shoal Water Point SWbW dist off shore 4 or 5 miles. At Sunset Ragged Point NNW½W. Shoal Water Point SW dist off shore 4 or 5 miles. At 10am came too with the small Bower Ragged Point SW dist 4 Leagues. Commodore NbE 2 miles. AM People employed as most necessary. Washed the Gun Deck. Lat 1.53S Long 114.17.

[Page 114:]

Ship Cumberland

Thursday November 14th 1806.
C&D N41E 42. Variable & cloudy. Light airs with sultry weather throughout. At Sunset the extremes of the land from NW to North. People and Tradesmen employed as most necessary. At Daylight the extremes of the land from W½N to N½W, dist off shore 3 or 4 Leagues. At Noon the extremes of the Borneo Shore from WbN½N to N½E. dist about 12 or 13 Leagues. Lat 1.21S Long 114.45E.

Friday November 15th.
C&D NE 61. South fair. Commodore NE 2 miles. First and latter part pleasant breezes and clear middle light airs and Calm. At Sunset the extremes of the coast of Borneo from WbN½N to NbW dist about 9 or 10 miles. People employed under the Boatswain making Gaskets & picking Oakum. Sailmaker on the old Main Topsail. Caulker caulking the Yawl & Armourer at the forge. Lat 00.39S Long 115.28E

[Crossed the Equator]

[Page 115:]

Towards China

Saturday November 16th.
C&D N45E 90. SSW clear. Commodore NE 1½ miles. First and middle parts a steady breeze and fair latter constant rain. At half past 11pm Departed this life Mr Jos. Parkhurst, Midshipman. At Noon committed the body of the deceased to the Deep with the usual ceremonies. Lat 00.27N Long 116.32E.

Sunday November 17th.
C&D N39E 57. North cloudy. Tacked the Ship as per Signal. First part Fresh breezes & squally middle and latter moderate & fair. At 5am the extremes of Borneo from NW to N. At Sunset the extremes of highland of Kanneeoongan from NW to N¼W the Celebes Shore from SE½S to E½N. AM Performed Divine Service. At 10am the NE Point of Borneo WbN½N the NW Point of Celebes E½S. Lat 1.11N Long 117.7E.

[Page 116:]

Ship Cumberland

Monday November 18th.
C&D N52E 37. NWbN clear. Light airs variable with clear weather. At Sunset extremes of the Celebes from SEbS to E½S Point Donda SE½S. Signal to steer NEbE. At Daylight the Island of Borneo WbN. At Noon extremes of the Celebes from S¼W to East. The Island just in sight from the Poop bearing W½N. AM Roused up the Best Bower Cables to Caulk under them. People employed under the Boatswain, the Tradesmen at their respective Callings. Lat 1.20N Long 117.36E

Tuesday November 19th.
C&D N33E 33. NNW fair. Light airs and inclinable to Calms. Commodore NEbE 1 mile. At 5pm the High Peak of the Celebes SbE¼E. Signal to steer NE. PM People employed under the Boatswain making Gaskets & Caulker caulking the Best Bower Tier. The High Peak SbW½W off shore 3 miles. At 10am Cape Rivers EbN Cape Donda SWbS dist from shore 5 or 6 Leagues. Lat 1.31N Long 117.54E.

[Page 117:]

Towards China

Wednesday November 20th.
C&D N53E 68. W. Clear. Pleasant breezes and fair throughout. At Sunset the extremes of the land from SSW to ESE the High Peak SE dist off shore 7 or 8 Leagues. Commodore N½E 1 mile. At daylight the extremes of the land from South to SWbS dist 17 or 18 Leagues. PM Payed down the best Bower Cables and otherwise employed under the Boatswain, Tradesmen usefully employed. Bent the Mizzen. Lat 2.08N Long 118.49E.

Thursday November 21st.
C&D N64E 110. SW fair. First and middle part moderate breezes and fair latter squally with rain at times. Commodore NEbE 2 miles. PM Roused up the small Bower Sheets and space under for the Caulker to caulk under them. The People employed under the Boatswain Caulker caulks the Cable tier, other Tradesmen as needful. Lat 3.13N Long 120.29E.

[Page 118:]

Ship Cumberland

Friday November 22nd 1805.
C&D N82E 115. WNW cloudy. A fresh breeze with cloudy weather. Commodore E½N 2 miles. At ½ past 1am Saw a small Island on the starboard Bow bearing E½S. At 2 the Island of Sangery [Sangir or Sanguey] bearing from NNE to NEbE. At Daylight the Island of Sangery [Sangir or Sanguey] NNW dist off shore 5 or 7 miles. Commodore E½N 2 miles. At 8am the Body of the Island of Sangery [Sangir or Sanguey] NWbW At 10 Sangery [Sangir or Sanguey] just in sight from the Poop. AM the Watch employed under the Boatswain tradesmen usefully employed. Lat 3.27N Long 122.25E.

Saturday November 23rd.
C&D N67E 152. WSW cloudy. Signal to steer ENE. Fresh breezes with hard squalls and rain throughout with a heavy swell from the North which makes the Ship labour much. At 2pm the Island of Salebobu bearing NNE 9 or 10 Leagues. Ay 4pm the Body of the Island NNW dist 4 or 5 Leagues. At ½ past 12am in a heavy squall carried away the starboard claw[?] of the Topsail unbent it and bent the best. AM Shifted the Mainsail and Driver with the best otherwise employed paying down the Cables. Lat 4.20N Long 124.45E.

[Page 119:]

Towards China

Sunday November 24th.
C&D N59E 176. WSW cloudy. A fresh Gale and Cloudy throughout squalls and rain at times with a high Sea. Commodore EbN ½ mile. No Prayers this day the People employed bending Sails, also squally with rain. AM Bent the fore Main and Mizzen Storm Staysails and shifted the Mizzen Staysail with the Best. Lat 6.16N lOng 127.13E.

Monday November 25th 1805.
C&D N25E 128. SWbW cloudy. The first and Middle parts fresh breezes and squalls latter part light breezes and fair with a heavy swell from the NW throughout. PM shifted the Foresail with the Best. PM People under the Boatswain making Points & washed the Gun Deck. Lat 7.45N Long 128.7E.

[Page 120:]

Ship Cumberland

Tuesday November 26th 1805.
C&D N68E 25. NNW clear. Light airs variable with a heavy swell from the Northward throughout. Commodore NEbN 1½ miles. PM People employed under the Boatswain working up Junk & pointing the Fore Topsail. Tradesmen at their respective Callings. Lat 7.41N Long 128.35E

Wednesday November 27th.
C&D N48W 16. NNE cloudy. Commodore N ½ mile. Light airs and Calms throughout with rain at times. People employed under the Boatswain un-stowed the Starboard Booms and re-stowed them otherwise as necessary. Caulker on the Orlop Deck. Lat 7.55N Long 128.23E.

[Page 121:]

Towards China

Thursday November 28th.
C&D N62W 42. Rain. First part Calm middle light airs increasing in the latter to a moderate breeze with cloudy weather throughout. Commodore NbE 1 mile. AM Unbent the Bower Cables and got the Flying Jib Boom in. People employed under the Boatswain as most necessary. Caulker on the Orlop. Lat 8.13N Long 127.45E.

Friday November 29th.
C&D N47W 86. NEbN cloudy. First and middle parts moderate Breezes and fair latter part squally with rain. Commodore NNW 1 mile. AM People employed under the Boatswain & otherwise un-stowing and re-stowing the Larboard Booms. Caulker of the Orlop Deck. Lat 9.00N Long 126.41E.

[Page 122:]

Ship Cumberland

Saturday November 30th 1805.
C&D N47W 82. Fair. First and middle parts a steady Monsoon with fair weather latter squally with frequent showers of rain. Commodore NNW 2 miles. AM Washed the Gun Deck otherwise employed under the Boatswain. Caulker as yesterday. Lat 9.57N Long 125.31E.

Sunday December 1st 1805.
C&D N37W 66. NE cloudy. First and middle part moderate breezes & fair, latter part variable with squalls and rain. Signal to close and steer NbE. The weather too unsettled to perform Divine Service. At 5am Carried away the Larboard Clue[?] of the Main Topsail. Unbent it and bent a new Fore Topsail. Lat 11.44N Long 125.00E.

[Page 123:]

Towards China

Monday December 2nd.
C&D S0E 52. NEbN fair. A moderate breeze with light Showers of rain with a heavy swell from the Northward. Signal to close and steer NbE. AM The Watch employed under the Boatswain Drawing & Knotting Yarns & Caulker caulking the Orlop Deck. Tacked as per Signal. The other Tradesmen as necessary. Lat 10.46N Long 125.52E.

Tuesday December 3rd.
C&D N22W 82. NEbE cloudy. First part moderate breezes and cloudy middle and latter parts Squally with continued heavy rain and a high Swell from the Northward. Commodore North 1 mile. Signal to close and steer North. Handed the Mizzen Topsail. Lat 12.6N Long 125.21E.

[Page 124:]

Ship Cumberland

Wednesday December 4th 1805.
C&D N40W 82. ENE Set the Mizzen Topsail. Squally with heavy showers of rain and a heavy Sea throughout. Commodore North 2 miles. At 4pm Down Top Gallant yards. AM the Watch under the Boatswain. Lat 13.9N Long 124.27E

Thursday December 5th.
C&D N46W 88. NEbN. Fresh Gales and squally throughout with a high Sea which makes the Ship labour much. PM The Watch under the Boatswain. Lat 14.07N Long 125.4E.

[Page 125:]

Towards China

Friday December 6th 1805.
C&D N45W NE fair. A fresh Gale with squalls and Showers of rain at times with a heavy Sea. Commodore NbW 1 mile. AM The Watch employed under the Boatswain as most useful. Lat 15.19N Long 122.18E.

Saturday December 7th.
C&D S37E 23. NEbN cloudy. Fresh Gales with heavy Squalls rain and a high Sea throughout which makes the Ship labour much. Wore Ship as per Signal. PM Struck the Top Gallant Masts. Handed the Mizzen Topsail. Lat 15.17N Long 128.32E.

[Page 126:]

Ship Cumberland

Sunday December 8th 1805.
C&D N47W 86. NEbE½E. A fresh breeze throughout with clear weather the Sea much fallen. Commodore NNE ½ mile. Set the Mizzen. AM Too much motion to perform Divine Service. Lat 16.10N Long 121.26E.

Monday December 9th.
C&D N33W 127. NE fair. Fresh breezes and fair throughout. PM Swayed up Top Gallant Masts and crossed the yards. Commodore North 1 mile. PM Sprung the Main Topsail yard, lowered it down and fished it. The Watch employed under the Boatswain & otherwise as necessary. Lat 18.19N Long 120.14E.

[Page 127:]

Towards China

Tuesday December 10th.
C&D N24W 111. NE Clear. First and middle parts pleasant breezes and fair weather, latter light airs variable and cloudy. Commodore North 1 mile. AM Watch employed under the Boatswain. Lat 20.16 N Long 119.21E.

Wednesday December 11th.
C&D N81W 134. NbW fair. First part moderate breezes and variable. Middle and latter part strong breezes with Squalls and Rain. At 5pm Commodore made the Signal for seeing the land. Saw at bearing W¾S. At 2pm the SE Point of Bashee Island ENE. PM Watch usefully employed under the Boatswain. Lat 20.48N Long 117.56E.

[Page 128:]

Ship Cumberland

Thursday December 12th.
C&D N88W 147. North cloudy. A fresh Gale and clear weather. Down Mizzen Topsail yard. Commodore NWbW 2 miles. PM Shifted the Mizzen Topsail with the new one and Jib with the small one. Lat 20.56N Long 114.39E

Friday December 13th.
C&D N50W 126. NbE clear. Commodore WNW 4 miles. First part fresh breezes middle & latter moderate breezes and fair weather throughout. PM Bent the Bower Cables. PM Split the Jib unbent & bent the best. PM un-stowed the Sheet Anchor. Washed the Gun Deck and otherwise employed as most useful. At 10am Commodore made the Signal for seeing the land bearing NW. At 11 saw Pedra Blanca bearing NbW½W. Set the Mizzen Top Gallant yard. At Noon Pedra Blanca NW¼N dist 4 Leagues. Lat 22.19N Long 112.56E.

[Page 129:]

In Macoa [Macao] Roads.

Saturday December 14th.
C&D --- ---. NNE clear. Moderate breezes and fair weather throughout. Unbent the Storm Staysails. At 11pm passed between the frand Lemma [Great Lema] and Poo Toy [Pootoy] they bearing North & South of each other. At ½ past 11 the Commodore made Signal to Anchor. At ½ past 12 came too with the best Bower in 15 fms. At 5am Commodore made Signal to weigh, weighed and made sail. with a moderate breeze from the Northward and Eastward. At Daylight the grand Lemma [Great Lema] SSW North. At Noon the Grand Lundrone [Ladrone] SSW Lenitin [Lintin] North. At 3pm came too in Macao Roads with the best Bower on ¼ less 5 fma. Macao bearing WSW and Linting [Lintin] NNE. PM Went on shore Mr Probert Purser for a Pilot. This Log contains 36 hours. Lat ---- Long ----.

[End of Sea Log]

[Start of Harbour Log]

Sunday December 15th 1805.
Moderate breezes from the Northward and Eastward and hazy weather. AM Came on board the boats from the Blenheim & impressed four of our people. AM Washed the Gun Deck and otherwise employed under the Boatswain.

Monday 16th.
Light airs and Calms throughout. AM Came on board Mr Roberts Purser with a Pilot. At 3pm weighed and made sail with a light breeze from the Eastward. At 9pm came too with the Best Bower in 6½ fms. Linting [Lintin] bearing NbE and Lintoa EbN.

[Page 130:]

Ship Cumberland

Tuesday 17th December 1805.
The first and middle parts strong breezes wit squalls and rain at times latter part more moderate. At 2pm weighed and made sail with the wind from the Northward. At 9pm came too in 6 fms with the best Bower.

Wednesday 18th.
Moderate breezes from the Northward. At 5pm weighed and made sail. At 6pm came too with the Best Bower in 6½ fms. Sanpan [Sampan] Chow bearing WbS and the Bogue NW. At 5pm weighed & worked into the Bogue and at ½ past 8pm came too with the Best Bower in 8fms.

Thursday 19th.
Fresh breezes from the North. At 8am weighed and made sail. At ½ past 10 came too with the Best Bower in 13 fms.

Friday 20th December.
Fresh breezes from the Northward and Eastward. At 9am weighed and made sail. At 9pm came too with the Best Bower in 5 fms about 2 miles below the Second Bar.

Saturday 21st December.
At 10am weighed and made sail worked close up to the Second Bar and anchored again. At 2pm with the Best Bower in 6 fms. Weighed at 9pm to pass over Second Bar and at 11pm we grounded at about two thirds of the passage over the Bar as did several of the Fleet.

[Page 131:]

At China

December 22nd 1805.
At about 1pm the Ship flooded again made Sail down the River being too late in the Tide to pass above the Bar at ½ past 1am on bringing the Ship up the Best Bower Cable parted and before we could let go the small Bower She grounded again close in with the Shore soft mud. Down Top Gallant yards & struck the Masts, also secured all the Ports the Ship very upright and makes not any water. At Daylight carried out an ----[?] with two Hawsers on end ready to heave her off at high water. Weighed the small Bower with the Long Boat and brought the Anchor on board. At 3pm hove the Ship off brought her up in 8 fms where we lay all night. The Pilot not thinking it prudent to move as the Hope and Coutts were both aground in the fair way.

Monday December 23rd.
At daylight sent the Long Boat to weigh the Best Bower and at Noon she returned, stowed the same and bent the Cable first cutting off about 5 fathoms which was very strained by our attempting to bring up in a narrow channel last night and before she had lost her way and was the cause of the Cable parting. At 10pm weighed with the intention of crossing the Bar and the wind blowing strong from the North the Pilot would not venture to do it, therefore at midnight anchored in 8fms with the small Bower and parted the Sails the Ship perfectly tight.

[Page 132:]

Ship Cumberland

Tuesday December 24th.
Light breezes and variable throughout. At Daylight came alongside a Boat in which we put 16 Guns, At 8am departed this life Mr Benjamin Yates Midshipman. At 10pm weighed and dropped over the 2nd Bar

Wednesday 25th.
Light airs from the South and West. At 3am came too with the best Bower in 5 fms the 2nd Bar Pagoda veering WbS. At 10am sent the Body of the deceased on shore on Dane's Island to be interred, at Noon weighed and made sail. At 4pm crossed the 1st Bar and half past 5pm came too with the Best Bower in Whampoa Reach below the Shipping.

Thursday December 26th.
Light airs and Calms throughout. At Daylight weighed and warped the Ship with a Berth and moored Ship with a half Cable each way. At 2pm went to Canton Captain Farrer, down Top Gallant yards and masts & unbent Sails.

Friday 27th.
Light breezes from the North and East and employed stripping the Ship and otherwise as needful. PM Hoisted in the Guns, Caulker caulking the Bends. Sent to Whampoa a Long Boat of empty Butts etc.

Saturday 28th.
Light breezes from the NE. Employed under the Boatswain otherwise as most needful. Caulker on the Bends, Carpenters building the Sail Room. Sent the remainder of the empty Butts and whoops etc. to Whampoa with the Coopers.

[Page 133:]

At Whampoa

Sunday December 29th.
Light airs and variable throughout. Washed and cleaned the Ship.

Monday 30th.
Moderate breezes from the North. Employed under the Boatswain fitting the rigging and otherwise as most needful. Caulkers and Carpenters as before. Sailmaker repairing the Second Best Main Topmast Staysail.

Tuesday 31st.
Light airs and Calms throughout. Employed under the Boatswain and otherwise as most needful. Caulkers & Carpenters as before Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Mizzen Topsail.

Wednesday 1st January 1806.
Light breezes and variable throughout. Employed delivering the Hon Coys Bales and otherwise under the Boatswain. Caulkers on the Starboard Bends Carpenters building the Sail Room.

Thursday 2nd January.
Light airs and Calms throughout. Employed delivering The Hon Coys Bales and otherwise as most needful. Caulkers caulking the Orlop. Carpenters as before.

Friday 3rd.
Light breezes and variable throughout. Employed delivering the Hon Coys Bales & otherwise under the Boatswain. Caulkers as before Carpenters building Bulkheads on the Orlop.

[Page 134:]

Ship Cumberland

Saturday January 4th 1806.
Light airs and Calms throughout. Employed delivering Bales on acct of the Hon Coy and otherwise under the Boatswain , Carpenters & Caulkers as before. AM Punished Andrew Elliott with 2 dozen lashes for stealing a Double headed Shot and attempting to sell it.

Sunday 5th.
Light breezes from the East. AM washed and cleaned the Ship. Carpenter and Caulkers as before.

Monday 6th.
Light breezes and variable throughout. Employed delivering Bale on acct of the Hon Coy. Carpenters & caulkers as before.

Tuesday January 7th.
Light airs and Calms throughout. Employed delivering Bales on acct of the Hon Coy and otherwise under the Boatswain. Caulkers caulking Lazaretto Carpenters building Bulkheads etc.

Wednesday 8th.
Moderate breezes from the East. Employed under the Boatswain and otherwise delivering Private Trade. Carpenter & Caulkers as yesterday.

Thursday 9th.
Light airs from the East and clear weather. Employed delivering bales on acct of the Hon Coy otherwise as for days past & starting Water in the Hold.

[Page 135:]

At Whampoa

Friday 10th January.
Moderate breezes from the North. Employed delivering Private Trade under the Boatswain and otherwise as most necessary.

Saturday 11th.
A light breeze from the SW and dark cloudy weather. Employed delivering Private Trade and under the Boatswain, Carpenter building Coal holes. Caulkers caulking the face part of the Green Room and Sailmaker on the Sails. PM Sent the Long Boat to Whampoa with empty Butts.

Sunday 12th.
A moderate breeze At NE and clear weather. AM Washed and cleaned the Ship and at Noon mustered the Ships Company.

Monday 12th January.
Light airs from the NE and clear weather. Employed delivering Hon Coys Bales and Private Trade otherwise about the Rigging. Sailmaker on the Sails, finished caulking the Orlop Deck. PM Sent the remainder of the empty Butts to Whampoa by the Long Boat.

Tuesday 14th.
A light breeze from the North and clear weather. Employed in delivering the Hon Coys Bales and Tin, clearing the fore Hold and Orlop Deck for Survey. Caulkers on the Holds & other Tradesmen at their respective Callings.

[Page 136:]

Ship Cumberland

Wednesday 13th January.
Wind and weather as per days past. Employed delivering the Hon Coys Lead and otherwise as most necessary, Caulkers on the sides.

Thursday 16th.
First part cloudy latter clear. Employed delivering Flints clearing the fore and after Holds. Carpenter building Store rooms and other Tradesmen at their respective Callings.

Friday 17th.
Light airs & clear weather. Employed delivering flints and otherwise as most necessary. Caulkers as for days past. Sailmaker finished repairing the 2nd best fore Topsail.

Saturday 18th January.
A fresh breeze at NE and cloudy weather. People and Tradesmen employed as necessary. AM Gammoned the Bowsprit. Sailmaker on the 2nd best Main Topsail.

Sunday 19th.
A moderate breeze and clear weather. AM Washed and cleaned the Ship, employed clearing the Limbers, levelling the hold and other necessary Jobs. Draft of Water 16 feet 9 inches fwd 16 feet 3 inched aft.

Monday 20th.
A moderate breeze to NE and clear weather. Employed in taking in the Hon Coys Bohea Tea & otherwise as most necessary. Sailmaker as before.

[Page 137:]

At Whampoa

Tuesday 21st January 1806.
Light airs and sultry weather. Employed in receiving the Hon Coys Boheas & otherwise under the Boatswain Captain Hay and Mr Roberts one of the Hon Coys Super Cargoes came on board and Surveyed the Ship and attended Captain Farrer.

Wednesday January 22nd.
Light airs and clear weather. Employed delivering Hon Coys Lead otherwise as for days past. At Noon Captain Farrer left the Ship.

Thursday 23rd.
Wind & weather as yesterday. Employed clearing the Platform & Bread room and under the Boatswain . Sailmaker finished repairing the 2nd best Main Topsail. Caulker as before on the Side.

Friday 24th January.
Cloudy throughout with small rain towards the latter part. Employed receiving Congo Teas on acct of the Hon Coy. Weighed several of them and found their true weight. PM crossed the fore Topsail yards, draft of Water 17ft fwd 17.6 aft.

Saturday 25th.
Cloudy with light airs at NE. Employed receiving Congo Teas on acct of the Hon Coy. Weighed several and found their weight otherwise as most necessary. PM crossed the Main yard and swayed the Top Gallant mast up. Draft of Water 16.8 fwd & 18.9 aft.

Sunday 26th.
A light breeze at East and cloudy weather. AM Washed the Gun Deck and crossed the Main Topsail yards. Rowed Guard.

[Page 138:]

Ship Cumberland

Monday 27th January 1806.
Wind and weather as yesterday. Received 1200 Chests of Congo on acct of the Hon Coy, 20 of which being weighed at different times agrees with the Hon Coys weight otherwise employed under the Boatswain, the Tradesmen at their respective Callings. Draft of Water 18ft fwd 17.11aft.

January 28th.
Light breezes and cloudy throughout. Employed receiving Tea on acct of Hon Coy which being weighed was found weight and otherwise as needful.

Wednesday 29th.
Light airs with hard rain for the first part latter part fair. AM Sent half the Ships Company to Canton, otherwise employed receiving Tea on acct of the Hon Coy, weighed several and found their weight.

Thursday 30th January.
PM Light breezes and fair throughout. Employed in the Hold and otherwise as needful.

Friday 31st.
Moderate breezes and cloudy weather, employed receiving Tea on acct of the Hon Coy weighed several and found their weight, and otherwise under the Boatswain.

Saturday February 1st.
Moderate breezes and variable. Employed receiving Tea on acct of the Hon Coy weighed several and found their weight. AM bent Sails. PM came on the Liberty Men, sent to Canton the other half. Ships draft of Water 19ft fwd 18ft 6 inches aft.

[Page 139:]

At Whampoa

Sunday 2nd February.
Light breezes and fair throughout. Washed and cleaned the Ship. Monday 3rd Moderate breezes & cloudy throughout. Employed receiving Tea on acct of the Hon Coy weighed several of them and found their weight and otherwise under the Boatswain

February 4th.
Moderate breezes from the East and fair. Employed receiving Teas on acct of the Hon Coy weighed several of them and found their weight. Likewise some Private Trade. At Daylight came on board a China Pilot, unmoored and at 10am came on board the liberty Men from Canton. At Noon weighed and dropped below the Shipping. PM came on board Captain Farrer. Ships draft 20ft fwd 19.2 aft.

Wednesday February 5th.
Light airs from the South. At 7am weighed and dropped close down to the 1st Bar and came too and run a warp out to haul the Ship over at noon. Weighed and hauled the Ship over the Bar and at 7pm came too in 7 fms.

Thursday 6th.
At 1am weighed with a light breeze from the North and run close down to the 2nd Bar and came too. AM out a warp of 800 fathoms to haul the Ship over. Otherwise employed receiving Tea on acct of the Hon Coy weighed several and found their weight.

[Page 140:]

Ship Cumberland

Friday 7th February 1806.
At midnight weighed and warped the Ship over the 2nd Bar and at 4am came too with the Best Bower. At 6am moored Ship with a Cable each way. At Noon went to Canton Captain Farrer. PM received Teas on acct of the Hon Coy weighed some and found their weight, otherwise employed getting in the Long Boat. Down Top Gallant yards & Condemned one Turce[?] of Beef being rotten and threw it overboard.

Saturday 8th February.
A moderate breeze at South and cloudy weather. AM received 44 Butts of Water otherwise employed in taking in and stowing Teas on acct of the Hon Coy weighed several and found their weight.

Sunday 9th February.
Light airs and clear weather. AM Washed and cleaned the Ship and hoisted the Cutter in otherwise employed stowing the Teas.

Monday 10th.
A moderate breeze at SE and clear weather. Employed in receiving and stowing Teas on acct of the Hon Coy weighed several & found their weight. PM received a Chop of Private trade on acct of Captain Farrer.

Tuesday 11th.
Light airs East and Sultry weather. Employed receiving & stowing Twankay Teas on acct of the Hon Coy weighed several and found their weight. Otherwise clearing wood & stores off the Orlop Deck.

[Page 141:]

At Second Bar

Wednesday 13th January.
A moderate breeze at SE and cloudy weather with small rain in the latter part. Employed in receiving Teas on acct of the Hon Coy weighed several and found their weight. AM received 4 Butts of Water PM Got the Flying Jib boom out & Studding Sail booms on the yards,

Thursday 13th.
Cloudy weather throughout with variable winds. Employed stowing the Hon Coys Teas upending & Stowing Butts of Water & otherwise as most necessary.

Friday 14th.
Thick cloudy weather with showers of rain at times. Employed receiving and stowing Hon Coys Teas. AM receive a Chop of Private Trade on acct of the officers. PM Received 9 Gang Casks of Water off the Yawl from the Second Pagoda.

Saturday 15th February.
Light breezes with showers of rain, employed receiving Tea on acct of the Hon Coy weighed several and found their weight and otherwise as needful.

Sunday 16th.
Moderate breezes and variable. Employed receiving Tea on acct of the Hon Coy weighed several and found their weight. Otherwise washed & cleaned the Ship.

Monday 17th.
Light breezes from the North with drizzling rain. Employed receiving Tea on acct of the Hon Coy weighed several and found their weight otherwise as needful. Ships draft 22.5 fwd 21.10 aft.

[Page 142:]

Ship Cumberland

Tuesday 18th February.
Fresh breezes with rain throughout. Employed stowing Tea & otherwise as needful.

Wednesday 19th.
Fresh breezes and fair in the first and middle parts latter part strong breezes with rain. AM set up the Lower and Topmast rigging.

Thursday 20th.
Fresh breezes with continuous small rain. Employed stowing the Booms and otherwise under the Boatswain .

Friday 21st.
Moderate breezes from the North & East with hard rain at times. Employed under the Boatswain and otherwise as needful. Saturday 22nd First and latter parts fresh breezes with rain middle part fair. Loosed sails to dry otherwise employed under the Boatswain. PM received the Chow chow chop.

Sunday 23rd.
Fresh breezes with rain at times. Employed receiving the St Helena Stores on acct of the Hon Coy. And Ships Stores. AM bent the Mainsail. Ships draft 23ft fwd 22.2 aft.

Monday 24th.
Moderate breezes with rain during the most part of these 24 hours. AM employed receiving Water, Ships Stores and otherwise under the Boatswain. Washed the Gun Deck.

[Page 143:]

In Maccoa [Macau] Roads

Tuesday February 25th 1806.
Fresh breezes with rain at times, employed under the Boatswain and otherwise getting the Ship ready for Sea.

Wednesday 26th.
Moderate breezes at NE and fair, loosed Sails to dry otherwise employed under the Boatswain.

Thursday 27th.
Fresh breezes and rain at times. Came on board Captain Farrer & Mr Roberts Purser with the dispatches. At 1om came on board Mr Baring one of the Hon Coys Super Cargoes & inspected the Ship. At 8pm unmoored and hove up the Best Bower and dropped down a little and came too with the small Bower.

Friday 28th February.
Fresh breezes from the NE. At Daylight came on board the Pilot, weighed and made sail. At ½ past 7am took the ground & remained till the flood set in. Run out the heavy Kedge. At ½ past 2pm hove the Ship off & made sail. At 5pm falling calm, came too in 7 fms. At ½ past 8pm weighed and dropped through the Bogue. Shipped 22 Chinese & Lascars having refused to proceed on any further than Penang. Saturday 1st March 1806 The first part light breezes middle moderate and latter part fresh breezes and cloudy. At 3am came too with the small Bower in 7 fms. At Daylight weighed and made sail. At 10pm came too in 7 fms in Maccoa [Macau] Roads bearing of Maccoa SWbW.

[Page 144:]

Ship Cumberland

Sunday 2nd March 1806.
Light breezes and variable with rain at times. AM Washed the Gun Deck and otherwise employed as needful. AM Sent Mr Bethune on board the Blenheim for our instructions. PM weighed the small Bower and came too with the Best.

Monday 3rd.
Light breezes & variable throughout with fair weather. People employed under the Boatswain drawing & knotting yarns and otherwise as needful.

Tuesday 4th.
Light breezes & variable. People employed under the boatswain & otherwise as needful. Run from the Ship Ahynn[?] Ordinary Seaman. This Log contains only 12 hours.

[End of Harbour Log]

[Start of Sea Log]

Wednesday March 5th 1806.
C&D S11E 71. The first part moderate breezes and fair middle and latter part fresh breezes and foggy. At ½ past 4pm the Commodore made Signal to weigh, weighed and made sail in Company with HMS Blenheim & Sir Edward Hughes Eleven Indiamen & one Country Ship. Commodore South 1 mile. At 11pm Passage Island East dist 6 or 7 miles. At midnight the body of the Grand Landrone dist 7 or 8 miles. Passage Island NNE. AM People employed under the Boatswain and otherwise as needful. Lar 20.50N Long 113.52E.

[Page 145:]

Towards England

Thursday March 6th 1806.
C&D S11E 112. East fair. First part fresh breezes and hazy middle and latter parts moderate breezes and clear. Commodore SSE 1½ miles. Signal to close & steer SbE. People employed under the Boatswain making Points and drawing yarns. Lat 19.00N Long 114.13E.

Friday March 7th.
C&D S19E 123. ENE clear. Commodore SbE 2 miles. Pleasant breezes throughout with clear weather. Roused the Best Bower and Stream Cables up, took the Service off the former otherwise as most necessary. Lat 17.01N Long 114.55E.

[Page 146:]

Ship Cumberland

Saturday March 8th.
C&D S7W 107. ENE cloudy. Moderate breezes and fair throughout. At Midnight Commodore made Signal for having gained soundings on the Macclesfield Shoal, ground 35 fms. At Noon the Commodore made the Signal to alter course to Starboard 4 points. AM Washed the Gun Deck & exercised the great Guns. Lat 15.22N Long 114.41E

Sunday March 9th.
C&D S34W 125. NE clear. A pleasant breeze and fine cleat weather. AM Performed Divine Service. Lat 13.35N Long 113.31E.

[Page 147:]

Towards England

Monday March 10th.
C&D S34W 137. NEbN clear. A steady Monsoon throughout and pleasant weather. Commodore SW 2 miles. AM Roused the small Bower Cable up to air and took the Service off otherwise under the Boatswain .Carpenter making a new Jib Boom, Sailmaker middle stitching the best Main Topsail. Lat 11.50N Long 112.12E.

Tuesday 11th March.
C&D S34W 172. NEbN fair. Fresh breezes and cloudy throughout. At Daylight the Commodore made the Signal for seeing land SWbS. At 7 saw Pulo Sapata bearing WSW dist 7 or 8 Leagues. At ½ past 9 the body of Pulo Sapata WbN½N dist dist 4 or 5 miles. At Noon Pulo Sapata not in sight from the Poop. AM The Watch employed under the Boatswain making points, gaskets etc. Gunner painting the Quarter Deck & Waist. Carpenter & Sailmaker as yesterday. Lat 9.32N Long 110.33E.

[Page 148:]

Ship Cumberland

Wednesday March 12th.
C&D S34W 183.Commodore SSW 2 miles. Signal to close & steer SWbS & to keep our Station. A pleasant breeze throughout with cloudy weather and small rain in the latter part. AM The watch and Tradesmen employed as most necessary. Lat 7.07N long 108.51E.

Thursday 13th March.
C&D S34W 120. Fair. First part a fresh breeze and cloudy decreasing in the middle and latter with fair weather. AM Washed the Gun Deck otherwise making Points, Gaskets etc. Sailmaker on the best Main top Gallant Sail. Exercised the Great Guns. Lat 5.19N Long 107.44E.

[Page 149:]

Towards England

Friday March 14th.
C&D S24W 79. North cloudy. Light winds and sultry weather throughout. Commodore SSW 2 miles. Signal to steer SSW. AM watch employed under the Boatswain picking Oakum & otherwise as necessary. AM Bent the Stream Cable and un-stowed the anchor. Lat 3.47N Long 107.12E.

Saturday March 15th.
C&D S!4W 60. North fair cloudy. Moderate breezes throughout & clear weather. At Daylight saw Pulo Aour bearing SW dist 9 or 20 Leagues. At 8am the body of Pulo Aour SWbW. At 10 the body of Pulo Aour W¾S. AM Washed the Gun Deck otherwise under the Boatswain picking Oakum & Sailmaker making a Lower Studding Sail. Lat 2.41N Long 106.52E.

[Page 150:]

Ship Cumberland

Sunday March 16th.
C&D ---- 60. North cloudy. Light breezes and fair throughout. At 4pm Pulo Aour NW. At Sunset Pulo Aour NNW dist 7 or 8 Leagues. At Daylight Bintang Hill SbW½W. Pedra Blanco just on sight from the mast bearing West. At 8am Pedra Blanco from the deck bearing WbS Bintang Hill S¾W, Mount Marmoset NWbW½W. At Noon Bintang Hill SbE½E Pedra Blanco EbS dist about 7 miles. Dist off the Malay Shore about 3 or 4 miles. No Prayers, being fully employed. Lat 1.21N (obs) Long ---.

Monday March 17th.
C&D ---- 86. NEbN cloudy. Commodore WNW 1 mile. Light breezes and fair throughout. At 4pm Bintang Hill EbS½S. At Sunset the Rabbit and Coney just in sight from the Poop bearing WbS, St Johns N½W 2 miles. At 12 the Little Caremons [Carimons] SW. At 4am Pulo Pisang NE½N. At 10am Mount Formosa NbE. At Noon Mount More NbW dist off the Malay Shore ---. People variously employed under the Boatswain and as most necessary Lat 1.41N (obs) Long ----.

[Page 151:]

[The following pages, although numbered 22-30, refer to the Cumberland at the end of its journey.]

[Page 022:]

These sheets received 30 October 1806. Continuation of Captain Farrer’s Journal of the Hon‘ble Companys Ship Cumberland. 2nd Voyage. 1805/6 [Start of Harbour Log] [Page 023:] Ship Cumberland in Long Reach, 1806 Sunday Sept 7th Pleasant breezes with fine --- weather throughout. Washed and cleaned the Ship. Monday Sept 8th. Light breezes with fine weather. Unbent the Staysails, Mainsail and Driver otherwise employed as needful. PM Came on board twelve Lumpers. Hoisted out the Boats and sent them to Town. Ships Draft 21.8 fwd 21.9 aft. Tuesday Sept 9th Fresh breezes with hard squalls and rain. Employed delivering the Guns, Powder and Ships Raft [?]. Thursday Sept 11th Fresh breezes and squalls throughout. Employed hoisting up water from the Lazaretto and starting it. AM Came alongside the Albion Lighter for the Hon Coys Cargo, but could not work, there being no Order from the Commissioners of the Customs to that effect. Friday Sept 12th Hard squalls at North and cloudy weather. AM Got the Fore and Mizzen Topgallant yards and masts down on the deck. PM delivered the Sails. At 9pm as the Ship was swinging to the Flood there was no more than 22 feet water under the Ships Stern. Sent for the Pilot immediately to move the Ship. Ship Cumberland in Long Reach. 1806 Saturday Sept 13th Fresh breezes at NW and clear weather. At 6am came on board Mr Ross, Pilot weighed the best Bower and moored the Ship afresh with a whole Cable on the small Bower and a half cable on the best, otherwise delivering Passengers Baggage and Private Trade. Sunday Sept 14th First and middle parts light breezes and clear latter cloudy with small rain. Washed and cleaned the Ship. Monday Sept 15th A moderate breeze at NW and cloudy with drizzling rain in the middle part. AM loaded and discharged the Albion Lighter with Teas on acct of the Hon Coy, otherwise delivering Ships Stores. Draft 20.3 fwd 21. aft. Tuesday Sept 16th Pleasant breezes at NW with clear weather throughout. Loaded and dispatched The Calcutta Hoy with Teas on acct of the Hon Coy. Wednesday Sept 17th Light airs and variable with clear weather throughout Thursday Sept 18th Wind & weather as for days past. Employed delivering Teas on acct of the Hon Coy. Friday Sept 19th A pleasant breeze at NW with clear weather. AM loaded and dispatched the Coromandel Hoy with Teas on acct of the Hon Coy, otherwise employed delivering Stores. Draft 19.8 fwd 20.9 aft. [Page 025:] Ship Cumberland in Long Reach 1806 Saturday Sept 20th Light breezes with fine clear weather, Employed loading the Surat Hoy with Teas on acct of the Hon Coy and Private Trade. Draft 19.6 fwd 20.0 aft. Sunday Sept 21st Light airs with fine weather. AM Washed the Gun Deck. Monday Sept 22nd Moderate breeze and fine weather. Employed unreeving running Rigging otherwise as needful Tuesday Sept 23rd Moderate breezes and fair weather throughout. Employed loading the Burgess Hoy and otherwise as needful. Draft 19.1 fwd 20.8 aft. Wednesday Sept 24th Fresh breezes with rain at times. AM Finished loading the Burgess Hoy and otherwise as needful. PM came on board Mr Ross, Pilot and his men and unmoored the Ship. Draft 19.1 fwd 19.7 aft. Thursday Sept 25th Light airs and variable throughout. At 7am weighed and made sail. At 1pm The Tide being done come too in the Backing Reach, otherwise employed delivering the remainder of the Hon Coys Teas and Private Trade off the Orlop. At 11 weighed and dropped into Gallions Reach. Friday Sept 26th Light breezes and variable throughout. At 8am weighed and made sail. At noon passed Woolwich and at half past 1pm lashed alongside the Woodford at the upper moorings at Blackwall. Unbent Sails. Saturday Sept 27th Light breezes and fair throughout. AM Came on board Mr Owen and his men and unrigged the Ship, otherwise employed getting the Ship clear for going into Dock. Sunday Sept 28th Moderate breezes and fair weather. Employed sending away the remainder of the Ship Stores, anchors etc. [Page 026:] Ship Cumberland in Dock, 1806 Monday Sept 29th Light airs and calms throughout with rain at times. AM came on board Mr Elliott, Pilot and hauled the Ship into the Basin and lashed her for the night, Tuesday Sept 30th Light breezes and fair throughout. At half past 6am came on board Mr Ford Dock Master and hauled he Ship into the Dock and secured her. Wednesday Oct 1st The first part a thick fog, latter part clear with light variable airs throughout. AM opened the Fore hatches and began delivering the Hon Coys Teas. Thursday Oct 2nd Light airs at West with clear weather throughout. Employed delivering Teas on acct of the Hon Coy. Friday Oct 3rd Ckudy weather throughout with Showers of rain at times. At 7am opened the After Hatches. Employed delivering the Hon Coys Teas and some packages of Private Trade. Saturday Oct 4th The first part cloudy, latter part fine clear weather with variable winds. Employed delivering teas on acct of the Hon Coy and some Private Trade. Sunday Oct 5th Light airs from the southward and westward with fine clear weather. Monday Oct 6th The first part light airs and foggy, middle and latter parts clear. Employed delivering Teas on acct of the Hon Coy and Private Trade. [Page 027:] Ship Cumberland in Dock 1806 Tuesday Oct 7th Light airs with cloudy weather throughout. Employed delivering Teas on acct of the Hon Coyand Private Trade. Wednesday Oct 8th Light airs from the eastward with cloudy weather throughout. Employed delivering Teas on acct of the Hon Coy and some Private Trade. Thursday Oct 9th Light breezes from the northward and eastward with cloudy weather. Employed delivering the Hon Coys Teas, Raw Silk and Nankeens with some Private Trade. Friday Oct 10th Moderate breezes from the southward with cloudy weather. Employed delivering teas on acct of the Hon Coy. Saturday Oct 11th Fresh breezes from the southward and eastward with fair weather. Employed delivering Teas on the acct of the Hon Coy. Sunday Oct 12th Moderate breezes from the eastward with fine clear weather. [Page 028:] Ship Cumberland in Dock 1806 Monday Oct 13th Pleasant breezes from the northward and eastward with fine clear weather. Employed delivering Teas on acct of the Hon Coy. Tuesday Oct 14th The first part light breezes with rain, middle and latter parts fair. Employed delivering teas on acct of the Hon Coy. Wednesday Oct 15th Pleasant breezes from the eastward with fair weather. Employed delivering Teas on acct of the Hon Coy. Thursday Oct 16th Frresh breezes from the southward and eastward with cloudy weather. Employed delivering Teas on acct of the Hon Coy and Private Trade. Friday Oct 17th Pleasant breezes with fine clear weather. Employed delivering the Hon Coys Teas. [Page 029:] Ship Cumberland in Dock 1806 Saturday Oct 18th Moderate breezes with pleasant weather. Employed delivering the Hob Coys Teas and filling some Hogsheads with Shells. Sunday Oct 19th Pleasant breezes from the northward and eastward with fine weather. Monday Oct 20th Fresh breezes with drizzling rain at times. Employed delivering Hon Coys Teas. Tuesday Oct 21st Light breezes from the southward with continual had rain. Employed delivering Teas on acct of the Hon Coy. Wednesday Oct 22nd Ligt airs from the southward and eastward with continuous hard rain. Employed delivering Teas on acct of the Hon Coy. [Page 030:] Ship Cumberland in Dock 1806 Thursday Oct 23rd Light airs from the northward with hazy weather. Employed delivering the remainder of the Shells and Rattans, otherwise getting the Ship clear for Cleansing. Friday Oct 24th Light airs and variable throughout, with fair weather. Employed delivering mother of Pearl shells and Nankeens and otherwise lifting the Limber boars etc. [Glossary for Nankeen (cloth)] Saturday Oct 25th Moderate breezes from the northward and cloudy. AM came on board Mr Ford and hauled the Ship into the Basin. At half past 1pm came on board One of the Kings Inspectors and cleared the Ship. This is the continuation of my Original Journal. W.W. Farrer. Witness C. Collingwood.


The Ledger & Pay Book for this voyage has not been transcribed.


APPENDIX 1

Notes and Glossary

  1. Called to Quarters - in this context means called to action stations.
  2. Country Ships - Honourable East India Company's ships that plied between ports in the Eastern seas.
  3. ODNB - Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
  4. Editor's notes in square brackets.
  5. Extra ships - ships built in India and hired by the HEICS for a particular voyage. These were often made from better materials than those made in Britain and were considered to be longer lasting (The East Indiamen by Russell Miller).
  6. Factory Stores – are these Stores for the Company’s Factories in their overseas settlements.
  7. Hull Down - so far away the hull is out of sight below the horizon.
  8. Letters of Marque - A Government licence given to the owners of private ships during the time of war, commissioning them to attack and seize the ships or property of the enemy.
  9. NI = Native Infantry.
  10. Private trade - can mean several things but in essence it is – non Company Trade or other authorised merchants outside the Company, Crew etc.
  11. Proas or flying Proa = a small and fast sailing boat with unequal hulls used in the seas around the Ladrone Islands in the Pacific and Far Esstern waters, see: http://www.pacificproa.com/micronesia/flying_proas_of_the_Ladrone_Islands.html for a full description of these remarkable boats.
  12. Supra Carges = A company official or committee in charge of the distribution of goods from ship arriving and departing from ports such as Penang and Canton.
  13. The Ship's Log contains the Sea Log where entries are from noon the day before to noon on the date of entry. The Harbour Journal contains the normal 24 hours from midnight. It also seems that hour by hour events are put on the left side of the Journal form as they happen and then the Captain sits down after midday to write up the highlights of the previous 24 hours on the right side.
  14. Diagram of timbers that make up the stern of an Indiaman. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stern#/media/File:Illustrated_marine_encyclopedia_341.jpg


    Diagram of stern
  15. Details of ships hull and rigging of an Indiaman from the Reader's Digest Great Encyclopaedic Dictionary.


    Description of hull, rigging and sails

  16. Details of ships sails of an Indiaman.


    Description of the sails


APPENDIX 2

Glossary of Abbreviations and Terms
Abbreviations in the log have been expanded where possible.

Please see the Wikipedia Glossary of nautical terms for additional information.

Cable's length (distance): tenth of a nautical mile (approx 101 fathoms).
1 Fathom: 6 Feet (1.8 metres).
1 league: 3 statute miles (4.828032 km) on land or 3 Nautical miles = 3.45 land miles, (5.556 km at sea). On land it was the distance one could walk in about an hour.
Nautical miles: 1.151 miles approx. The nautical mile is based on the circumference of the Earth and is equal to one minute of latitude.


After Swifters: ropes or stays set on the outside of the main rigging to give support, especially to the masts during heavy weather.
Arrack: distilled alcoholic drink made from the sap of coconut flowers.
Bales: of cloth.
Bankshall: is a warehouse in the East Indies.
Bar: of sand etc., across river mouth.
Bateing: Lowering, letting down, depressing.
Beating: sailing as close as possible towards the wind (perhaps only about 60°) in a zig-zag course to attain an upwind direction to which it is impossible to sail directly; also known as tacking.
Bend, bent, bending: to tie, fasten or attach.
Billet wood: wood for living quarters.
Bitts: another term for a wooden or iron cleat or fastener used in securing the sail.
Bobstay: a stay which holds the bowsprit downwards, counteracting the effect of the forestay. Usually made of wire or chain to eliminate stretch.
Boheas: an area in China where black tea was obtained.
Bowsprit Shrouds: ropes extending from the head of the Bowsprit to the bow & sides of the vessel.
Bumkin: sometimes Bumpkin - an iron bar or spar projecting from the ship’s side.
Butter nut: probably butternut squash for drinking.
C&D: course & distance.
Can/Cann: Indian hemp.
Cant: the cant line is a groove between the strands of a rope or a piece of wood used in a tight space to add leveridge.
Careened: cleaning the underside of the ship of barnacles etc.
Carronade: a short smoothbore, cast iron cannon, which was used by the Royal Navy and first produced by the Carron Company in the 1770s.
Catharpining: short ropes or iron clamps used to brace in the shrouds toward the masts.
Cathead:  To prepare an anchor, after raising it by lifting it with a tackle to the cat head, prior to securing it alongside for sea. An anchor raised to the cat head is said to be catted.
Caulk: sealing crevices in deck etc.
Caulker: a filler and sealer.
Chains: Chains or Channels; Broad planks attached to the sides of a ship, projecting out to produce small platforms to spread the shrouds to a more advantageous angle and thereby giving a greater power to secure the mast.
Chaldron: bushels = 8 gallons.
Chist: a bag or chest containing items belonging to a sailer.
Chops: [of tea] sealed boxes.
Chow chow chop: last boat with small & personal items.
Cleat (Clete): a T shaped piece of metal or wood to which ropes are attached..
Cloathing the lower yards: clothing, as in securing the collars in clothing a bowsprit, and strops in rigging a lower or topsail-yard.
Clues: fastening of a small loop of rope used in attaching a sail to the masts.
Cockets: Seals belonging to the King’s Custom House or a sealed document with certificates showing that duty had been paid on the merchandise.
Coiar [coir]: A rope made from the fibre of the Coconut in Malaysia.
Congo: "chops of congo tea" were loaded onto East Indiamen at Whampoa, China for export to England.
Conn: Position for directing a ships steerage, helm etc. (Hence modern: Conning-tower on a submarine).
Cordage: rope.
Counter: the part of the stern above the waterline that extends beyond the rudder stock culminating in a small transom.
Courses down: all sails attached to lowest yards.
Crossjack: a square yard used to spread the foot of a topsail where no course is set, e.g. on the foremast of a topsail or above the driver on the mizzen mast of a ship rigged vessel.
Cuddy: a small cabin in a boat.
Cutter: small boat fitted for rowing or sailing.
D'ft: draft, depth of boat or ship.
Dawk boat: An old postal system used in Pakistan.
Dead wood: certain blocks of timber, fayed on the upper side of the keel, particular at the extremes before and abaft.
Dials: sense not known.
Disrate: to reduce in rank or rating; demote.
Divisions: Parade of Ships Crew.
Dolphin striker: a short near vertical spar under the bowsprit.
Dunnage: packing to protect cargo.
F'ms: fathoms.
False Fire: Used for signalling at sea at night. A composition which burned with a blue flame was packed into a wooden tube and when ignited would burn for several minutes.
Fearnought: a thick heavy overcoating made of wool often mixed with shoddy and that has a rough shaggy face; also a garment made of this material — called also dreadnought.
Fleeting: Fleeting: Changing the situation of a tackle by placing the blocks further asunder.
Fidded: small wooden bar attached to a small mast in the upper rigging.
Fish pieces: to repair a mast or spar with a fillet of wood.
Flints: hard stone.
Fluted the fore rigging: Meaning not sure, perhaps a form of tying and folding the rigging.
F'ded: folded.
F'wd: forward, front of ship.
Frapping: to frap, the use of rope to bind.
Furl: to roll or gather a sail against its main or spar.
Gaff: repair a mast or spar with a fillet of wood.
Gall't: gallant, a top sail.
Gammoned: the lashing of ropes.
Gang cask: a gang is a narrow platform on a deep-waisted ship leading from the quarter-deck to the forecastle. Presumably these casks were set on this gang.
Garboard strake: The garboard plank (strake) is fitted next to and rebated into the keel.
Gaff: a spar to which the head of a fore-and-aft sail is bent, a four sided fore & aft mounted sail.
Giggar: see Jigger.
Grapnals: A small anchor with several flukes.
Gunwale: Gun Whale - upper edge of side of ship.
Gig: Captain's gig: A light narrow ship’s boat generally rowed, at the disposal of the ship's captain for his use in transportation to other ships or to the shore.
Gunter: The gunter is defined as a wire that leads from one point near the end of a gaff to a point near the other end. A vessel with a gunter rigged mainsail is called a gunter rig.
Halse/Hawse: the shaft or hole in the side of a vessel's bow through which the anchor chain passes.
Head knees: pieces of moulded compass timber fayed edgeways to the cut-water and stem, to steady the former, these are also cheek-knees.
Hand/handed: to furl a sail/furled as sail.
H C'ys: Honourable Company.
Hoppo: Chinese Customhouse Officers - overseers.
Hoy: a type of wherry, barge, bark, lighter, under the general description of river craft, used for transporting cargo to and from ship etc.
Hull down: ship almost beyond the horizon, only showing the sails.
Inclinable: favourable.
Jib: a small rectangular sail attached to a jib boom attached to the front of the ship.
Jiggermast & sails: a jiggermast is a fourth mast set at the stern of the ship and carrying triangular sails.
Jolly boat: a type of small ship's boat used to ferry personnel & small items to & from the ship.
Pipes = Casks or Butts]
Junk: old ropes, cables, oakum etc.
Jury: a temporary sail or mast, often used in an emergency.
Kedge: anchor used for warping.
Kentledge: pig-iron etc. used for ballast - "so as to avoid tilts and shifts".
Knight-heads: two large timbers, one on each side of the stem, rising up sufficiently above to support the bowsprit.
Launch: shallow draft boat.
Lazeretto: a small stowage locker at the aft end of a boat, sometimes used as a quarantine.
Leadsman: A sailor who takes soundings with a lead.
Leech lining: a side cloth of a topsail cut obliquely, or lining of a topsail, called by sailmakers the leech-lining.
Letters of Marque: A Government licence given to the owners of private ships during the time of war, commissioning them to attack and seize the ships or property of the enemy.
Lights: lightning.
Lighters: Flat bottomed boats used for transporting cargo to a wharf, see under 'Hoy'.
Limber: detachable gun carriage.
Lumber: timber sawn into planks.
Lumper: labourer for unloading cargo.
Martingale: lower stay of rope used to sustain strain of the forestays.
Mats, Matts: a thick web of rope yarn used to protect the standing rigging from the friction of other ropes.
Mechanics: Tradesmen.
Messenger: An endless rope or chain passing from the capstan to the cable to haul it in.
Miz: mizzen; the third and smallest mast.
Mizzling: thick mist or fine rain.
Muller: used for grinding paint colours.
Mungeet: The Bengal Madder or Munjeet, a plant whose roots are used for dying.
Nipper: short rope used to bind a cable to the moving line propelled by the capstan.
Oakum: used for sealing crevices in deck etc.
Offing: a position at a distance from shore.
Owers Light: off Selsley Bill.
Paddy: Rice with the husk or in the Straw.
Paying: filling a seam with caulking or pitch.
Pendante: A length of wire or rope secured at one end to a mast or spar and having a block or other fitting at the lower end.
People: a description given to the crew by the Captain.
Pipes: Casks or Butts.
Preventer: a rope used for additional support as in brace.
Pulo/Pulao: an island.
Puddening: Fibres of old rope packed between spars, protecting the rings of the anchors by wrapping them or used as fender.
Quoins: Tapered blocks, probably used to prevent guns and barrels from moving.
Rattan: Tough stems of palms used for wickerwork, canes, sticks etc.
Rattling: working on rigging etc.
Roads: The term Roads (short for roadstead) indicates the safety of a port; as applied to a body of water, it is a partly sheltered area of water near a shore in which vessels may ride at anchor".
Reg'g: replacing.
Reeving: threading a line through blocks (& tackle).
Rep'r: repairing.
Requisite: required by circumstances.
Rouse: haul by force.
Rowed/row/road guard: communicating by flag.
Salt petre, beating of: meaning not known.
Scuttle: a small opening, or lid thereof, in a ship's deck or hull.
Serang: a native captain of a crew of sailors in the East Indies.
Shift: change or alter.
Shockbury: Shoeburyness.
S'l/Sig'l: signal.
Sinnet & Spun yarn: to do with rope making.
Skysails: A sail set very high, above the royals. Only carried by a few ships.
Smoaked: as in "cleaned and smoaked the gun deck = fumigating gun deck.
Spanker: A full-rigged ship has a spanker sail aft but not a spanker-mast.
Spoke: an action - not sure of context in this case.
Spring, sprung: split or cracked.
Spritsail: is a four sided sail usually laced on to the mast along its luff. It can range from almost square to having a pronounced peak. It may or may not have a boom, but it will always have a sprit. A sprit is a spar which supports the peak of the sail.
Srapped: the spare topmasts, yards &c. are secured by being srapped and belayed to prevent the booms shifting.
Standing: the fixed part of rigging that support the masts.
Stave: A narrow strip of wood forming part of the sides of a barrel.
Stayed: secure with stays.
Steerage: Section of a ship for inexpensive accommodation with no individual cabins.
Stem: the extension of keel at the forward end of a ship.
Stilt: Not known in this sense.
Stou: an old form of stow - "stou, make fast & belay".
Stream 'anchor': A light anchor for use with a bower in narrow waterways.
Studding Gear / Sails: Long and narrow sails, used only in fine weather, on the outside of the large square sails.
Sun: Sunn-hemp – Indian Hemp.
Sway: to move or hoist.
Swayed: moved.
Swifters: a pair of shrouds fixed above the other shrouds for swifting or stiffening a mast.
Syrang: An official in India, someone in charge of a harbour craft.
Tierces: casks or crates.
Tindal: a petty officer among lascars, or native East Indian sailors; a boatswain's mate; .
Trimming: preparation for sailing.
Trestle-tree: two pieces of timber, horizontally fore & aft on opposite sides of the mast-head to support the cross-trees & mast above.
Trussel: a furled sail.
Turned: the action, in this case, of punishment such as being tied to the mast.
Twanky Tea: an inferior grade of green tea.
Trow: a small river sailing craft, much used on the river Severn.
Twined: the act of tying a man of object to the mast.
Unbent: detached.
Under bare poles: with all sails furled because of high winds.
V'ble: variable.
Waist: the central deck of a ship between the forecastle and the quarterdeck.
Waist anchors: spare anchors for use in emergency.
Warping: moving ship from one place to another.
Waughers: Meaning not traced but in this case may be a variant of wafer as in wafer-thin Mother of Pearl.
Water Ways: certain deck-planks which are wrought next to timbers; they serve to connect the sides of a ship to her decks.
W'r: weather.
Weigh: raise anchor before sailing.
Wearing ship: tacking away from the wind in a square-rigged vessel.
Whiskers: spreaders from the bows to spread the bowsprit.
Woolding: the act of winding or wrapping anything with a rope.
Wore ship: is a past tense form of "wear ship": to turn away from the wind.
Yawl: A rowboat on davits at the stern of the ship.


APPENDIX 3

Bibliography:

  • Barnettmaritime Internet Site on the explanation and history of the HEICS www.barnettmaritime.co.uk.
  • Contemporary Newspaper and Journals.
  • Miller, Russell: "The East Indiamen" publ. Time-Life Books 1980.
  • Cotton, E: "East Indiamen - The East India Company's Maritime Service" London 1949.
  • East India Company Archive - British Library. Ref: L/MAR/B/217C. Journal and Log of the H.E.I.C. Ship Huddart 10 March 1806 to 6 October 1807.
  • Eicships.info for information concerning types of ships in the HEICS see: www.eicships.info/help/shiprole.html.
  • Farrington, A: "Catalogue of The East India Ship's Journals and Logs. 1600 - 1834". British Library 1999.
  • Farrington, A: "A Biographical Index of East India Company Maritime Officers 1600 - 1834". British Library. 1999.
  • Fay, Peter Ward "The Opium War, 1840-1842". First published 1975.
  • Gosse, P: "St. Helena 1502 - 1938" Oswestry 1990. First published London 1938.
  • Hardy, C: "Register of Ships - The East India Company 1760 - 1810" London 1811.
  • Horsburgh, John Directions for sailing to and from the East Indies, China, New Holland and the Cape of Good Hope". Published 1811.
  • Keay, J. "The Honourable Company - A History of the English East India Company". London 1991.
  • Lavery, Brian: "The Ship of the Line 1650-1850" 2 Vols. Published Conway Maritime Press 1983.
  • Macgregor, David: "Index of Merchant Sailing Ships, 1775-1815" Navel Institute Press 2001. First published London 1985.
  • Parkinson, C Northcote: "Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813" Cambridge UP 1937.
  • Pbenyon Internet Site dedicated to information on HMS ships of the period: www.pbenyon.plus.com.
  • Smyth, Admiral W.H.: The Sailor's World, A Complete Dictionary of Nautical Terms from the Napoleonic and Victorian Navies. Publ: Fireship Press 2007.
  • East_Indiamen: www.wow.


APPENDIX 4

Captain William Ward Farrer:

William Ward Farrer, born St Stephen's Walbrook, London 27 Jun 1760, son of William (1727-1764) and Elizabeth (1731-1782) Farrer. Apprentice Polly & Charlotte to Barbados and West Indies 1y; apprentice London two voyages to Barbados and West Indies 2y; 2nd and 1st mate Phillipa Harbing two voyages to Barbados and West Indies 4y; 3rd mate True Briton (4) 1782/3; 2nd mate York (4) 1785/6; 1st mate Melville Castle 1788/9; 1st mate True Briton (4) 1790/1; 1st mate Minerva 1792/3; Captain Bellona 1794/5 & 17996/7; Captain Varuna 1800; Captain Cumberland 1802/3, 1804/5; 1806/7. Will dated 11th January 1830, of William Ward Farrer of Surrey Square, Surrey.

William married Penelope and had issue:-

  • William Elisha, bap St Mary's, Rotherhithe 12th July 1795, Kent; midshipman Metcalfe 1810/1; 6th mate Inglis 1812/3; 5th mate Inglis 1814/5; 3rd mate Streatham (4) 1816/7; 2nd mate Inglis 1818/9; 2nd mate Orwell 1821/2; Captain Orwell 1823/4, 1825/6 & 1827/8.
  • Henry Ward, 1799-1858. He married Susanna Rolfe and had Henry Lawrence Farrer.

TO BE WRITTEN


END