THE HONOURABLE EAST INDIA COMPANY SERVICE

This is the Journal and Logbook of the Honourable East India Company Ship, the Wexford on her voyage to India and China 1803-1804. Commanded by Captain William Stanley Clarke.

UNDER CONSTRUCTION

EXTRACT

THE JOURNAL AND SHIP'S LOG ETC.

OF THE HON. COMPANY'S SHIP

WEXFORD

(BLACKWALL, LONDON, ENGLAND)

Written by The Commander, Captain William Stanley Clarke

Voyage to India and China

14 Jan 1805 - 25 Oct 1806

(British Library Ref: L / MAR / B / 173A.)

Extracted by
Bryant G. Bayliffe & Julian A. Rawes
November 2018


Contents


The HEICS


East India House, Leadenhall Street, London, 1796-1861
from Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813.

The Library of the Honourable East India Company Service is housed in the British Library in Euston, London. The HEICS library contains many thousands of records including hundreds of ships’ journals, logs, ledgers & pay books. They are contained in large ledgers, the journals & logs in one tome with the ledgers and pay books in separate books. A catalogue of these records was published in 1999 by the British Library, titled ‘Catalogue of East India Company Ships’ Journals and Logs 1600-1834’ and edited by Anthony Farrington. Most of these records have not been microfilmed. If a copy is required then a microfilm copy is made at the expense of the purchaser to whom a photostat or CD is given. A useful site for the explanation on the HEICS library is: www.barnettmaritime.co.uk/mainheic.htm.

HEICS ships would leave from and return to London using a number of stopping points both in the Thames estuary and the south coast. Passengers would more than likely embark and disembark at these stopping points. The first and major point was at Gravesend or more exactly Longreach. This was a priority for the larger vessels which would on occasion have their guns removed to lighten the ship before proceeding to Deptford or the East India docks.


Map of the Thames estuary indicating some of the navigational points mentioned in the journals.


Until the opening of the East India Docks at Blackwall in 1806, Company ships moored on the tidal river alongside the Royal shipyards at Deptford. Deptford was the anchorage at the start of the Port of London. The ships moored alongside lines of moorings called tiers and all goods were offloaded on to lighters, hoys or barges and carried by them to wharves on shore or further up river.

Deptford from the South London Guide


1806 - the new East India docks at Blackwall
from Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813.


Circa 1830 - East India docks at Blackwall
from WWW.British-History.ac.uk.

A major embarkation point for passengers and soldiers in particular was at Motherbank close to Culver Cliff and Spithead near Portsmouth. This was also where, in times of war, a Royal Navy escort would join the annual fleet. The Isle of Wight, with its healthy climate, assumed some importance to the Company, Newport, Cowes, Ryde, St Helens and Carisbrooke attracted Company officials and the Isle itself acted as a granary with production of malt, salt, flour, poultry and biscuit. A number of HEIC ships officers both came from and retired to the Isle. The naval docks at Portsmouth was close to hand for exchange of ships, crew information etc. For the Isle of Wight's connection with the Company see: http://www.hantsfieldclub.org.uk/publications/hampshirestudies/digital/2010s/Vol_68/Thomas.pdf

Most Company ships were used as troop carriers for soldiers needed in India and the Far East. These were mostly regiments created for and employed by the Company to serve in India. One of the Company's training depots was opened at Newport in the Isle of Wight in 1801. This was superceeded by the Brompton Barracks at Chatham in 1815. Recuitment lists are held in the British Library under Ref: IOR/L/MIL/9/1-106, L/MIL/9/1-28, 1817-1860, L/MIL/9/29-84 for military depots, 1801-1861. and L/MIL/9/85-106 for embarkation lists, 1753-1861. References from: http://www.rootschat.com/forum/index.php?topic=742726.0.


Every attempt has been made to produce a faithful 'abridged' copy of the Journal and Log Book. A glossary along with explanatory notes has been added to help the reader to understand the transcript along with information of other ships and people noted in the Journal. It is realised that errors are possible owing to the difficulty of transcription. The Editor's notes can be found throughout set within square brackets.


Journals and Log Books,
as well as Ledgers, Payment Books, Absence Books, Imprest books, Receipts &c.

The following can be divided into two types of domument, Journals sometim es called Deck Logs), Logs were created during the voyage by Officers on board ship to record every day events; Ledgers, Pay Books, Absence Books and Imprest Books were created by Company Officials based in London, and dealt with payments to the crew.

Journal & Log Book
A journal & log is a fascinating record of day-to-day events on board ship such as location, weather, repairs, washing decks, including the gun deck where the crew slept, discipline, loading and unloading, embarking and disembarking and external events. The Journal records everyone on board, their positions and status whether or not they left ship or perished, including passengers. There is also a distinction between the 'Harbour Journal' and the 'Sea Log'. The ledger starts as large blank pages given to the Commander, Purser or other Officers at the commencement of each voyage. The journal and log was dutifully created by the Commander or assigned officers and the resulting document, signed by the Commander and handed in at the end of the voyage. It was the duty of the ship's Purser to deposit the ship's journals etc. at Company headquarters.

A fascinating survival is a printed form found in the front of the Journal for the Company ship Wexford 1803-4. It is a detailed description of the duties that the Captain and senior officers have to perform in regard to recording the ship's progress and every day events.


Printed form dating to 1803 from
the Journal of the Wexford1803-4

Duplicate logs written on HEICS forms still survive in private hands as in the case of the Warren Hastings in 1825-6 and the Repulse in 1831-32. These have the appearance of being soiled and original as opposed to the rather clean copies handed in to India House. It is not known how many of these copies were kept on a particular voyage or are still extant but their survival must be rare. The keeping of copy journals by midshipmen and junior officers was probably encouraged for training purposes. On a rare occasion such as with the 1822/3 voyage of the ship 'London' to Madras and China, the Captains, the 3rd mate's, a midshipman's and another journal was lodged at Company Headquarters.

Under normal voyages Farrington's Catalogue of East India Company ships' Journals and Logs, usually lists a Journal (and Log Book), a Ledger and a Payment Book. There are occasions however, such as when the voyage of a ship is cut short, the Ledger and Payment Book are often replaced by that of an Absence Book and an Imprest Book. With that of the voyage of the Asia 1780-1783 however there is a surviving Journal, Ledger, Pay Book as well as an Imprest Book and Receipt Book. There does appear to be a direct correlation between the loss of a ship and the Absence, Imprest and Receipt books confirming that these were records based at Company Headquarters and never went to sea with the ship.

Absence Book
The Absence Book was an internal document used by Company Officials to keep a track on interim and final payments relating to individual members of the crew and was often accompanied by an Imprest Book. The Absence Book is as its name implies, an account of payments made to a representative of the crew member concerned such as a wife, mother, relative or friend. An example being Thomas Ainsley Cook, Boatswain on board the Ganges 1805-1807. In the Imprest Book he signed a receipt for £7 on 7th February 1805, presumably when or shortly after he entered service. In the Absence Book, while Thomas was at sea, Mary Cooke, presumably a relative, signed for and received £3.10 on 13th October 1805, "being one month absent". she again received interim payments of £3.10 on 15th April 1806, 15th October 1806 & 15th April 1807. He died at Bombay on 3rd February 1807. The Absence Book of the Ganges, which we have transcribed, is a volume containing payment forms, dealing with one crew member per page. Each page carries six printed receipt forms, usually only partially filled in.

Deck Log
Is a form of a Journal and Log Book.

Imprest Book
An Imprest Book, sometimes accompanied by an Absence or Receipt Book, is similar to a Pay Book but is a listing of payments made to the Crew member upon being hired. A more familiar term is the enforced 'pressing' or pressed used by the Royal Navy to hire seaman by force, hence the term 'Press Gang'. In our sense it is usually an advance payment to the hired seaman. Imprest records appear to survive when a voyage for whatever reason, whether shipwreck or otherwise, had been cut short. The money was often released by increment, sometimes after a considerable period, to either the crew member or his representative, which could be a member of his family. For more information see the Journal of the ship Ganges under the transcription of its Imprest Book.

Ledger
The following is based upon the transcribed Ledger of the ship Juliana. This is a book originally of blank forms prefaced by index pages. The index is arranged in alphabetical manner on pages divided in two so that columns for names beginning with A B appear on the first page. The forms are arranged two per page and are set out as per the following image.

The ledger is only partially filled, probably because the Juliana was only in service for two voyages. The first entry begins on 2nd May 1810 with image 16, with a voyage under Captain Toussaint to Bengal. The voyage under Captain Rawes begins with image 136. The last entry is on 24th September 1813, after the completion of a voyage under Captain Rawes from Batavia. There are blank pages both between the two voyages and after.

There are two forms per crew member, including the captain, and they are spread across two pages therefore when one opens the ledger there are two pages one and so on. Form one gives wages and deductions while the second form gives length of service and the amount received per month. There are usually two crew members on each two page. Each form can have two or more entries as they represent both salary and expenses covering the voyage.

Payment Book
Often accompanying a Ledger, the Payment Book is a book of printed receipts filled in and signed, either by the crew member or his assignee, depending on whether he was unable to sign or deceased etc. Each receipt is numbered which refers one back to the Ledger. There are four receipts per page. There is an image of the Ledger in the Journal & Log of the Juliana.

Receipt Book
A receipt Book is a Company document and is believed to be similar to a payment Book and often all there is left when a ship is lost with no surviving journal and log book. On another occasion a ship remained in India and there is only a Receipt Book and an Imprest Book, while on another occasion it accompanies a Ledger and Pay Book.


Wexford

Built by Smith, launched 1802, length 167ft, 1271 tons. She made seven voyages to China of which this was her first, commanded by Captain William Stanley Clarke, see below. On 14th February 1804 she was an onlooker at the Battle of Aura against the French.

From the start, our work on the Wexford's Journal and Log for this voyage proved unusual.

Captain John Henry Pelly was the initial Commander but was superseded seven weeks later by Captain William Stanley Clarke. Captain Pelly came on board the Wexford on Thursday 10th February 1803. The ship sailed, as usual, from Blackwall on the Thames to the South Downs where she was moored to pick up Passengers and more cargo etc. On Thursday 17th March there was an unusual occurence. The Pilot Mr John Proctor came on board & took charge of the Ship, cleared hawse for unmooring but when the hands were turned out the people refused to unmoor without being positively promised by Captain Pelly forty five shilling per Month. Mr White [William Whyte], Second Officer, was immediately despatched with a letter to the Committee of Shipping. The following day Captain Pelly turned the hands out to unmoor, which the crew refused to do without augmentation of their wages, fifty men were then discharged. Mr Proctor came of board the following day and unmoored the ship.

On Friday 25th March Captain Pelly 'resigned' after receiving on board Captain Clarke, as his replacement. Farrington does not mention Captain Pelly as commanding either the Wexford or any other ship so he probably left the Service at this stage, see his biography under the Crew List. Captain Clarke had only recently returned from the Far East as Commander of the True Briton.

There were clearly problems here that are not easy to explain; are the events related, had the situation become too difficult for Captain Pelly? To replace fifty crew members at short notice on the South Downs must have proved difficult. It is particularly unfortunate that the Crew List that normally accompanies the Journal is missing for this voyage. The passengers also boarded the ship on the 25th but unfortunately there is also no Passenger List, which cannot now be replicated. In an attempt to, in part, recreate the Crew List we have had to transcribed the Ledger and Pay Book. Another striking difference is the arrangement of the Sea Log. So far in our transcriptions of HEICS log books we have dealt with a blank Company form on which the Captain and Officers wrote their entries, covering two days per side. In this case the form is arranged not only differently in that there is only one day covered per form, but there are no ----- BRYANT HERE ------. Yet another unusual occurance is that throughout the Journal and Log, the pages are either signed by Charles Barnard or William Whyte, first and second Officers.

Later on in the voyage the Wexford's was involvement in the so called Battle of Pulo Aura, off the cost of Java. She was, at the time, under the overall command of Natheniel Dance, Captain of the Earl of Camden, as senior Commander of the Merchant Fleet. The Fllet formed into a line of battle, a skirmish ensued and it all came to nothing. See Wikipedia for further information. Upon their return to England the Fleet were greeted with much patriotic fervour and a series of awards including money, silver plate and swords.

After six more voyages and further adventures she was broken up after September 1818 and before March 1819. See Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/wexford_%281802_EIC_ship%29)for further details of voyages, Captain Clarke later became a Commander of t he Fleet.


Example of a page from the Journal.
Monday 5th September 1803.

Farrington extract for this voyage:-

The extract from Catalogue of East India Company Ships’ Journals and Logs 1600-1834, edited by Anthony Farrington:-

WEXFORD: Built by Smith, launched 1802, 3 decks, 4in bottom, length 167ft, keel 135ft 3in, breadth 42ft 1½in, hold 17ft, wing transom 26ft 1½in, port cell 29ft 5in, waist 1ft 6in, between decks 6ft 6in, roundhouse 6ft 3in, ports 14 middle & 13 upper, deck range 95ft 9in, 1271 tons. Principal Managing Owner: Sir Robert Wigram.

1 Madras and China
L/MAR/B/173A Journal 25 Jan 1803 - 20 Sep 1804
L/MAR/B/173H Ledger
L/MAR/B/173H Pay Book
Capt William Stanley Clarke
Downs 26 May 1803 - 4 Aug Madras - 7 Sep Penang -
23 Oct Whampoa - Second Bar 1 Feb 1804 - 18 Feb
Malacca - 1 Mar Penang - 9 Jun St Helena - 8 Aug Downs.

The Convoy

Honourable East India Company Service ships were generally well armed and capable of holding their own against single adversaries. The Journals often mention the cleaning of guns and drills taking place. Passing Royal Navy ships would occasionally come alongside Company ships and press some of the crew. However, especially in times of war, Company ships would set sail in convoy, accompanied by a Royal Navy ship with the commander described as Commodore, this is unless the Commander is an Admiral in which he is described as the 'Admiral'. During the long voyage there would be a fair amount of 'watching out', both for each other and for 'strangers'. If a stranger was not identified quickly then the Royal Navy ship would peel off and give chase. Royal Navy ships would not necessarily be any larger than merchant ships, which had to provide cargo space but they were specifically prepared and better armed with their crew trained for war. A convoy would not remain fixed as there would be ships, both HEICS, Royal Navy ships and others peeling off or joining. This would be especially the case when the convoy reached its port of destination.

Seasonal weather patterns such as prevailing winds would play a part in when ships or convoys would leave England. January to July seems to have been the favoured time to set sail for the Far East.


Approaches to Bombay and Calcutta

HEICS ships bound for Bombay would sail up the west coast of India and various land marks were noted in the Journals as they approached Bombay.


The west coast of India.


HEICS ships bound for Calcutta had to navigate the Hooghly River with its tidal flows and sand banks as they headed for Saugor (Sagar), the main port for disembarkation. Various landmarks were noted in the Journals and the following link to a page on the Internet was of help with some of the names.


Part of the river Hooghly showing the island of Saugor (Sagar).


Approaches to Whampoa


Whampoa
Whampoa anchorage, now called Huangpu, on the Pearl river, was the import and export port
for all foreign ships entering China at Canton (Guangzhou), which is about 12 miles further up river.


Taken from The Opium War 1840-1842 by Peter Ward Fay.


Taken from The Opium War 1840-1842 by Peter Ward Fay.


Landmarks:
Directions for Sailing to and from the East Indies

John Horsburgh, The India Directory or Directions for sailing to and from the East Indies, China, Australia, and the interjacent ports of Africa and South America: originally compiled from the Journal of the Honourable Company's Ships, and from observations and remarks. First published in two volumes plus supplement in 1811, is a most interesting book which describes the route and landmarks to the Far East, including approaches to the ports of India and China. An electronic version of the book is available on the Internet.

  • Vol. 1: London to the Bay of Bengal.
  • Vol. 2: Bay of Bengal to China, &c.


What the Papers said


Morning Post 13th November 1802, issue 10644.

-


List of Ships noted in this journal.

List of other ships mentioned in the Journal. Details of the ships have been added by the Editors from a number of sources. The reference is the page on which they are noted for the first time. The main sources for the HCS ships and for their commanders come from Farrington: Catalogue of East India Company's Ship' Journals. Another site used is: eicships.threedecks.org, a useful source for 'country' ships. Information on HM ships comes from the website: www.pbenyon.plus.com, and the Internet.

The Wexford, unusually for the time, travelled alone on this voyage. On 2nd July Captain Clarke received a Letter of Marque, which gave him permission to become a privateer. See Wikipedia.

The inward bound convoy, at least, from St Helena to England consisted of: HMS Adamant (Escort), Exeter, Cumberland, Henry Addington, Bombay Castle, Wexford, Windham, Earl Howe Royal George, Hope, Ocean, Coutts, Warley, Scalesby Castle.

Page 5 --- The Snow On Wednesday 9th Feby 1803 the journal records that "The Snow - Friends of Liverpool - Jones Master, bound to Dublin collided with the Wexford at 5.30 AM".

Page 5 HCS Bengal A hoy at Gravesend. Noted as coming alongside the Wexford with cargo on Monday 14th February 1803.

Page 6 HCS Coromandel A hoy at Gravesend noted in the Journal of the Wexford on Friday 18th Feb 1803.

Page 7 HCS True Briton (4) Built by Wells, launched 1790, length 165ft, 1209 tons. She made eight voyages to the Far East and had just returned from her fifth voyage, being Commanded by William Stanley Clarke. She was at Gravesend on Monday 21st Feb 1803 when the Wexford came alongside. Captain Clarke took over from Captain Pelly on the Wexford which was about to set sail for China. Both ships were owned by Robert Wigram. While on her eighth voyage, Commanded by Captain George Bonham, the True Briton parted company in the South China sea on 19th Oct 1809 and was not heard of again.


True Briton (4) taken from Wikipedia.


Page 10 HMS Africaine The L'Africaine, was a Preneuse-class French frigate built by Raymond-Antoine Haran in 1798, was captured by HMS Phoebe as the on 19th Feb 1801, 5th rate, armament 38, compliment 295, 1085 tons. On Wednesday 9th March 1803, Commanded by Captain Manby, the Africaine pressed 26 seamen from the Wexford. At the time she was trying to depart with HMS Minerva for Longreach. On 28th Aug 1816 she was lying at Deptford and offered for sale. See http://www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/A/00092.html & https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_frigate_Africaine_(1798) for further details.

Page 13 HMS Amelia Launched in 1785 as the Proserpine, a 38 gun Hebe-class frigate of the French Navy. She was captured by HMS Dryad on 13th June 1796. She was recorded as off the South Downs on Friday 25th March 1803 when she pressed two crew of the Company ship Wexford. The Amelia was broken up in 1816. See http://www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/A/00222.html for her history.

Page 37 --- Menerva Recorded by Captain Clarke on Tuesday 19th April as in the North Atlantic out from Tenerife 48 hours and bound for London.

Page 140 HCS Calcutta (4) Built by Wells, launched 1798, length 146ft, 819 tons. She made five voyages to India of which this was her third, under Captain William Maxwell. She was noted by the Wexford on 31st July 1803 as approaching Madras from England. Her fifth and final voyage was in 1808, Commanded by Captain William Marshall, when she parted company from the convoy off Mauritius 14th March 1809, and was not heard of again.


Contents of Ship's Log

TO BE RECONSTRUCTED


Log Pages Description Date

Pages 1-14 Harbour Journal Deptford 24th January - 26th March 1803

Pages 11-13 Unusual event off the South Downs 17th March - 25th March 1803

Pages 14- Sea Log South Downs 26th March - 1803


The Journal


First page dated 24th January 1803

[Page 001:]

L/MAR/B/173A [BL number of Log]

[Page 002: - a printed Instruction Form]

Received 17 August 1804


Printed form dating to 1803 from
the Journal of the Wexford 1803-4

[Page 003:]

[Start of Harbour Log]

Ship Wexford at Blackwall

Monday January 24th 1803.
At 9am Mr Kingham Inspector came on board and examined the Ship left on board Mr John Wood, Surveyor. Strong breezes from the Eastward, employed in bending the sails & stowing & filling Water. Receiving Hon Coys Cargo. The 2nd, 3rd & 4th officers on board. W. Whyte [signed]

Tuesday January 25th.
Strong breezes from the Eastward and a severe frost. Employed in receiving lead on acct of the Hon Coy and filling & stowing Water, received on board the dunnage deals. 2nd & 3rd Officers on board. W. Whyte [signed]

Wednesday 26th.
Strong breezes and snow. Employed in preparing for Gravesend. Employed in taking in Coals & filling Water. 2nd & 3rd Officers on board. W. Whyte [signed]

Thursday the 27th.
Wind Easterly. Employed in filling Water, received on board Sixty Eight Casks of Salt provision, the Sheet and a Bower Anchor. 2nd & 4th Officers on board. W. Whyte [signed]

Friday 28th.
Wind Easterly and part employed stowing and filling Butts, set the Rigging up fore and aft. 2nd & 4th Officers on board. W. Whyte [signed]

Saturday the 29th.
Wind Easterly and part employed in stowing and filling Water and stowing the Store Pitch & Tar received two half worn 19 inch Cables. 2nd & 4th Officers on board. W. Whyte [signed]

Sunday [30th].
Wind NE and cloudy, received on board the spare anchor and bent the Bower Cables. 2nd & 4th Officers on board. W. Whyte [signed]

Monday [31st].
Wind variable and from the Eastward and employed in getting ready for Gravesend. 2nd & 4th Officers on board. W. Whyte [signed]

Tuesday Feby 1st light airs from the NW and Foggy at daylight Mr Chippendale the Pilot came on board and made sail but the wind was not sufficient to stem the tide failed sails, received and filled 30 Butts of Water. Officers on board Capt. Pelly, first, second and fourth. C. Barnard [signed]


[Page 004:]

Ship Wexford at Gravesend

Wednesday February 2nd 1803.
First part light airs from NNW to N with thick foggy weather. At half past 7am slipped the mooring at Blackwall and made Sail, at 9 up Top Gallant Yards. At 12 came to in 26fms ¾ mile above Gravesend & Moored Ship with a Whole Cable on the Best Bower to the Cable. Gravesend Church SE½S & Tilbury Fort E½S & ⅔ on the Small Bower to the flood. PM Fresh breezes & cloudy from the W’d unbent the Sails, down Top Gallant Yards & struck Top Gallant Masts. Officers on board 1st & 4th. Draught of Water fwd 16.0 feet aft 14.06. C. Barnard [signed]

Thursday February 3rd.
. First part fresh breezes from the N’d with sleet & rain middle moderate latter part a strong breeze from NbW. Employed about the Rigging & clearing the after hold for Hon Coys Cargo. Officers on board 1st & 4th. C. Barnard [signed]

Friday Feby 4th 1803.
First part strong breezes from ye N’d with snow. Middle more moderate latter part light airs. Employed in the hold & under the Boatswain. Officers on board 1st & 4th. C. Barnard [signed]

Saturday Feby 5th 1803.
Moderate breezes Southerly & fair weather. Employed in the hold, received sundry stores. Boatswain & Gang on the rigging. Officers on board 1st & 4th. C. Barnard [signed]

Sunday Feby 6th 1803.
Fresh breezes & Hard Squalls from the N’d with frequent showers of snow. PM. ranged the Sheet Cable, received on board 50 fms of Billet Wood. Officers on board 1st & 4th. AM Pumped Ship. C. Barnard [signed]

Monday Feby 7th 1803.
Fresh breezes & frequent Hard Squalls. Employed receiving H.C. Cargo & sundry stores. Three Hundred & Ninety Eight Bags of Store Bread. Wind NE’ly. Officers on board 1st & 4th. Draught of Water fwd 16.10, aft 15.8. C. Barnard [signed]

Tuesday Feby 8th 1803.
First part fresh breezes & squally from the NE middle & latter light airs & variable. Employed receiving H.C. Cargo, sundry stores & Boatswain & Gang about the Rigging. Draught of Water fwd 16.5 aft 15.10 [feet]. Officers on board 1st & 4th. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 005:]

Ship Wexford at Gravesend

Wednesday Feby 9th 1803.
Light airs variable throughout, Employed receiving H.C. Cargo Sundry Stores, Boatswain & Gang about the Rigging. Swayed the main yard higher up, cleared Hawse. At 5am the Snow Friends of Liverpool – Jones Master, bound to Dublin came athwart the Hawse & carried away the Spritsail yards & cleared us. Officers on board 1st & 4th. Draught of Water fwd 16.10, aft 15.10, making 1 inch of water in 24 hours. C. Barnard [signed]

Thursday Feby 10th,
Light airs from the East & clear. Set up the fore & fore top mast Rigging. Employed in filling Water the Hold and receiving the Ships Guns. AM Capt. Pelly came on board. Officers on board 2nd & 4th. W. Whyte [signed]

Friday 11th Feby 1803.
First part this 24 hours light airs and variable the latter a moderate breeze from the East. Set up the Main & Main Top Mast Rigging. Received on board part of the Ships Guns. Officers on board 2nd & 4th. W. Whyte [signed]

Saturday 12th Feby.
Light airs from the East and frost, received several stores for the Ship. Officers on board 2nd & 4th. W. Whyte [signed]

Sunday [13th].
Wind Southerly and rain. Pumped & cleaned the Ship. Officers on board 2nd & 3rd. W. Whyte [signed]

Monday [14th].
Moderate breeze from the SW and cloudy. Employed in putting on the whole Cable Service on the Best Bower Cable, scraping the masts etc. At Noon the Bengal Hoy came alongside with Hon Coys Bales, employed in receiving ditto. Officers on board 2nd & 3rd. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 006:]

Ship Wexford at Gravesend

Tuesday Feby 15th 1803.
Fresh breezes from the West & showery. Employed in receiving the Hon Coys Bales and Private Trade, at Noon discharged the Bengal Hoy. Officers on board 2nd & 3rd. W. Whyte [signed]

Wednesday Feby 16th 1803.
Strong breezes from the West and cloudy. Employed in receiving Private Trade and stowing in the Hold & the spare Sails and Sundry Stores. Officers on board 2nd & 3rd.

Thursday Feby 17th 1803.
Fresh breezes from the SW and cloudy. Employed in stowing in the Hold, received on board the dry tarpaulins and 158 bags of Bread. Officers on board 2nd & 3rd employed receiving Hon Coys Lead. W. Whyte [signed]

Friday Feby 18th 1803.
Fresh breezes from the South and West and rain. The latter part clear. Employed in receiving Cargo from the two Hoys on acct of the Hon Coy, at 4pm cleared the Corramandal [Coromandel] Hoy. Officers on board 2nd & 3rd. W. Whyte [signed]

Saturday 19th Feby.
Moderate breeze from the West and cloudy. Employed in receiving Hon Cots Cargo from the two Hoys. At Noon discharged them, received also 55 Casks Beef 33 Suet 59 Water and Sundry Stores on acct of the Ship. Capt. Pelly visited the Ship. Officers on board 2nd & 3rd. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 007:]

Ship Wexford at Gravesend

Sunday 20th Feby 1803.
Moderate breezes from the West ad clear weather. Cleaned Ship. Officers on board 2nd & 3rd. W. Whyte [signed]

Monday Feby 21st 1803.
Light breezes and clear weather. Received on board our stream Anchor that we left at Blackwall also a 21 inch Cable from the True Briton, received on board Sundry Stores on the Victualing Bill. Officers on board 2nd & 3rd.[no signature]

Tuesday Feby 22nd 1803.
Moderate and clear Westerly. Employed in Starting Water on to the Hold and receiving Cargo on acct of the Hon Coy. W. Whyte [signed]

Wednesday Feby 23rd 1803.
Light breezes & fair wind from the SW. Employed receiving Hon Coys Cargo & Sundry Stores. Boatswain & Gang about the Rigging, swayed up Top Gallant Masts & fidded them, set the Rigging up. Run out the Jib Boom. Officers all on board. Draught of Water aft 19.1 fwd 17.4. C. Barnard [signed]

Thursday Feby 24th 1803.
First & middle part moderate breezes latter part fresh from the SW. Employed receiving The Hon Coys Cargo & sundry Stores, Boatswain and Gang about the Rigging. Cleared Hawse. Ship making 1 inch of Water in 24 hours. Officers on board 1, 2, 3, & 4th. Pumped Ship. C. Barnard [signed]

Friday Feby 25th 1803.
First part moderate breezes from the SW middle & latter fresh breezes from the WSW. Employed receiving the Spirits for Troops & Sundry Stores & Private Trade. Boatswain & Gang about the Rigging. Officers all on board. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 008:]

Ship Wexford at Gravesend

Saturday Feby 26th 1803.
First & middle parts fresh breezes & cloudy weather the wind Westerly latter part strong Gales with Rain. Employed receiving Hon Coys Cargo & Private Trade on acct of Capt. & Officers. Boatswain about the Rigging. Tradesmen as necessary. Officers on board 1, 2, 3 & 4th. C. Barnard [signed]

Sunday Feby 27th.
First part fresh breezes middle & latter strong Gales from the WNW with hard squalls. AM Washed the Decks & ranged the Sheet Cable. PM Capt. Pelly came on board. Officers all on board. C. Barnard [signed]

Monday Feby 28th 1803.
Strong Gales from the WNW with frequent rain. Employed receiving Hon Coys Cargo, Private Trade on acct of the Capt. & Officers & sundry Stores. Officers on board. Capt. Pelly visited the Ship, Ship making 3 inches in 24 hours. C. Barnard [signed]

Tuesday March 1st 1803.
Strong Gales from the WNW with cloudy weather. Employed receiving Hon Coys Cargo, Private Trade on acct of Capt. & Officers. Came on board 17 Lumpers to assist in preparing Ship for Sea. Draught of Water 20 feet aft & 18.9 feet fwd. Ship making 4 inches in 24 hours. Capt. & Officers all on board. C. Barnard [signed]

Wednesday March 2nd 1803.
Strong Gale & heavy Squalls from the WNW to WSW. Employed receiving Store, Private Trade & Hon Coys Cargo, Capt. & Officers all on board. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 009:]

Ship Wexford at Gravesend

Thursday March 3rd 1803.
First & middle part Strong Gales from the NE with heavy Squalls & rain latterly moderate. Employed receiving Hon Coys Cargo & Private Trade on acct of Capt. & Officers. Boatswain & Tradesmen as necessary. Captain, 1,2,& 3rd Officers on board. The 4th Officer gone to Town in search of seamen.

Friday March 4th.
Moderate breezes from the NE with fine weather. Employed receiving Wet Provisions, ship Stores & Water. Tradesmen as necessary. Capt. & 1,2, & 3rd Officers on board. C. Barnard [signed]

Saturday March 5th 1803.
Light breezes & variable throughout with fine weather. Employed receiving the remainder of the Guns & getting in the Raft. Capt. & 1, 2, & 3rd Officers on board. Draught of Water fwd 20.1 aft 20.11. C. Barnard [signed]

Sunday March 6th 1803.
Light breezes & variable throughout with fine weather. Employed getting in remainder of the Booms & Long Boat and receiving Hon Coys Cargo. Capt. & 1st, 2nd & 3rd Officers on board. C. Barnard [signed]

Monday March 7th 1803.
First part fresh breezes middle & latter Strong Gales & heavy Squalls from the NE Employed stowing the Booms & receiving Ships Stores, Private Trade & Passengers Baggage. Ship making 6 inches in 24 hours. Capt. & 1st, 2nd & 3rd Officers on board. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 010:]

Ship Wexford at Gravesend

Tuesday March 8th 1803.
Hard Gales from the NE with frequent squalls of rain. Employed preparing Ship for Sea. Boatswain Gammoning the Bowsprit & Rigging the Spritsail yards. Tradesmen as necessary. Capt. Pelly & the 1st, 2nd & 3rd Officers on board. C. Barnard [signed]

Wednesday March 9th 1803.
Strong Gales & heavy Squalls from the NE with sleet. At 8am Capt. Manby of HMS African [Africaine] came on board pressed from the Ship 26 seamen. Employed in the Hold & receiving on board Sundry Stores. Capt. Pelly & 1st, 2nd & 3rd Officers on board. Ship making 6 inches Water in 24 hours. C. Barnard [signed]

Thursday March 10th 1803.
Strong Gales & heavy Squalls for the NE. Employed in the hold & receiving Sundry Stores and the Spritsail Yards. Capt. Pelly & 1st, 2nd & 3rd Officers on board. C. Barnard [signed]

Friday March 11th 1803.
Moderate & light winds on the Ebb. Hard Squalls on the Flood from the NE with frequent showers of sleet. Employed in the Hold & clearing the Orlop Deck. Capt. Pelly & 1st, 2nd & 3rd Officers on board. Draught of Water fwd 20.10 aft 21.3. C. Barnard [signed]

Saturday March 12th 1803.
Strong breezes for the first part the middle & latter moderate wind NE. Employed fitting the Bowsprit Shroud & in the Hold. Tradesmen as necessary. Capt. Pelly, 1st, 2nd & 3rd Officers on board. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 011:]

Ship Wexford at Gravesend

Sunday March 19th 1803.
Light airs & fine weather throughout. AM Washed the Gun & Upper Decks. Capt. Pelly, 1st, 2nd & 3rd Officers on board. Received apratection from the Admiralty for 135 men. C. Barnard [signed]

Monday March 14th 1803.
Light breezes southerly with small rain for the first part. Staying the fore Mast, Fore Top Mast & Setting up the Fore & Fore Top Mast Rigging. At 5am departed this life Ducan Johnston Seaman. 2pm sent him on shore to be interred. Capt. Pelly 1st, 2nd & 4rd Officers on board. C. Barnard [signed]

Tuesday March 15th 1803.
Moderate breezes & variable from the SE with much rain. Stayed ye Main Mast & set up part of the Main Rigging rain preventing finishing. Tradesmen as necessary. Capt. Pelly & 1st, 2nd & 3rd officers on board. Ship making 6 inches in 24 hours. C. Barnard [signed]

Wednesday March 16th 1803.
Light air & variable throughout with cloudy weather. Employed finishing setting up the Main rigging & set up Main Top Mast, Mizzen & Mizzen Top Mast rigging & bent the Fore Sail & Top Sails. Capt. Pelly, 1st, 2nd & 3rd Officers on board. Tradesmen as necessary. C. Barnard [signed]

Thursday March 17th 1803.
Moderate breezes from the SW with fine weather the first & middle part, latterly light airs. AM Mr John Proctor came on board & took charge of the Ship, cleared hawse for unmooring but when the hands were turned out the people refused to unmoor without being positively promised by Capt. Pelly forty five Shilling per Month. Mr White Second Officer was immediately despatched with a letter to the Committee of Shipping. Received on board 45 Butts & 6 Gang Casks of Water, bent the Jib Fore Stay Sail & Main stay Sail, hoisted the boats in. Draught of Water fwd 21.4, aft 24.3. Capt. Pelly, 1st, 3rd & 4th Officers on board. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 012:]

Ship Wexford towards the Downs

Friday March 18th 1803.
Moderate breezes from the SW & cloudy weather the first & middle parts latterly light airs. AM turned the Hands out to unmoor, which the People refused to do without augmentation of Wages to 45 Shilling per Month. Discharged 50 men for the above reason. Capt. Pelly & all Officers on board., bent the Main Middle & Top Gallant Stay Sails C. Barnard [signed] Saturday March 19th 1803 Moderate breezes from the SSW with cloudy weather. AM bent the Main Sail. AM Mr Proctor came on board & unmoored the Ship. At 4pm Weighed & Run down on the flood to the Middle of the Hope. Came to with the small Bower in 6 fms. Paid this Officer. Capt. & all Officers on board. Draught of 21 feet 5 inches fwd & 21.3 aft. C. Barnard [signed]

Sunday March 20th 1803.
Light airs variable for the first part middle fresh breezes from the East & finished paying the Ship. Employed about the Rigging got the Top Gallant Studding Sail booms on ye yards. Unbent the Larboard mooring junk & bent the best Bower. Capt. & all Officers on board. C. Barnard [signed]

Monday March 21st 1803.
First & latter part light airs variable middle fresh breezes from the East with foggy weather. At 1pm Weighed & worked down the Holy Haven & brought up with the best Bower. Capt. & all Officers on board. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 013:]

Ship Wexford towards the Downs

Tuesday March 22nd 1803.
Fresh breezes & squally from the East with rain, middle moderate with rain & thick foggy weather. At 1am Weighed & dropped with the tide of ebb to the lower part of Chapman Hole & came to with the best Bower in 5 fms water. Capt. & Officers all on board. C. Barnard [signed]

Wednesday March 23rd 1803.
Light airs & Calm with fine weather. At 7am shortened in Cable. At 11 Weighed with a light breeze from ye West & ran down to Nore when with a light breeze from the East worked down to Girdle Hole & came to with the best Bower in 9 fms water the Buoy of the Shivering Sands NNW. C. Barnard [signed]

Thursday March 24th 1803.
Light airs from the West for the first part middle & latter moderate breezes from the East. At 11am Weighed & made Sail. At 2pm crossed the Flats. At 7pm came to an Anchor in the Downs in 7½ fms water. Foreland SW & Sandown Castle NW. C. Barnard [signed]

Friday March 25th 1803.
Light airs at the South & Calms. At 6am Capt. Clarke came on board when Capt. Pelly resigned the Command of the Ship & Capt. Clarke took charge. Employed setting up the rigging fore & aft, & received Passengers & Passengers baggage on board. At 5pm made the Signal for sailing with a gun. At 10pm a Lieut. From HMS Amelia came on board & took out of the Ship Andrew Love, John James Quartermasters & John Smith Seaman. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 014:]

Saturday March 26th 1803.
First part light airs from the North at 5am Weighed and made Sail. At 7 abreast of the South Foreland, towards Noon the Wind Easterly. Made all Sail. At Noon the Dungeness Lighthouse North 3 miles. NB. This Log contains 12 hours & ends at Noon.

[End of Harbour Log]

[Start of Sea Log]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Sunday March 27th 1803.
C&D West 182. Wind East. At 6pm Beachy Head NWbW 2 miles. At 7 Beachy Head NNE 4 miles. At half past 2saw the Owers Light bearing West. At half past 3 Beachy Head NNE 4 miles. Daylight Dunnose WbN 3 miles, Standing to send the Pilot on shore. At 10am Dunnose N58W 4 or 5 miles. Light breezes at ye NE with fine weather throughout. Ship making 4 inches in 24 hours, C. Barnard [Signs]

[Page 015:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Monday March 28th 1803.
C&D W½S. 16. Light airs and Calm throughout with fine weather. At 6pm Needle Point S20E, St Catherines Point S½W. St Albans Head WNW. At Noon St Albans Point NWbW Needles Point ENE. Sick List 4. Lat (obs) 50.32N. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 016:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Tuesday March 29th 1803.
C&D SSW 31. Light airs & Calm throughout with fine weather. Portland Light N65W. Pumped Ship making 6 inches in 24 hours. Lat (obs) 50.15N. C Barnard [signed]

[Page 017:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

C&D WSW 86. Fist light breezes middle moderate latterly light & foggy. At 6am Start Point NW Dist 8 Leagues. Armourer employed fitting the Hammocks Stantians [stanchions] other Tradesmen as necessary. Boatswain employed making Matts for the rigging, Ship making 6 inches in 24 hours. Lat (obs) 49.16N. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 018:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Thursday March 31st 1803.
C&D SW 47. Light airs & foggy throughout, frequent showers of small rain. Boatswain & Tradesmen as yesterday. Ship making 6 inches per 24 hours. Sick List 7. Lat (obs) 49.9N. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 019:]

Ship Wexford from England to Madras

Friday April 1st 1803.
C&D WbS 35. First & middle part light airs and latterly moderate breeze with thick foggy weather. AM unbent the best Bower Cable & stowed the Anchor. Tradesmen as necessary. Ship makes 4 inches water per 24 hours. Sick List 11. Lat (obs) 4.42N. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 020:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Saturday April 2nd 1803.
C&D SWbS 100. First part light breezes variable & fair middle squally latterly fresh breezes squally with rain. Confined in Irons John James & Robert Hall for theft & gambling. In 1st reef Fore and Mizzen Top Sails. In 1st reef Main Top Sail. AM Scraped & cleaned the Gun Deck. In 2nd reefs. Ship making 4 inches in 24 hours. Sick List 12. Pumped Ship. Lat (obs) 49.9N. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 021:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Sunday April 3rd 1803.
C&D SW 70. First and latter parts Squally & rain, middle fresh breezes and cloudy weather, Ship making 6 inches in 24 hours. The weather too unsettled & the Ship too unsteady for Prayers. Water expended this week 987 gall remains Butts 388. Heavy swell. AM Released John James & Robert Hall from confinement with reprimand. Sick List 10. No obs. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 022:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Monday 4th April 1803.
C&D SW 39. Weather Squally with rain. Fluted the Main Sail. Pumped Ship. Ship making 6 inches water in 24 hours. Cloudy. Set up the Fore and Main top Mast Rigging. A heavy Swell. Sick List 9. Lat (obs) 48.14N. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 023:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Tuesday April 5th 1803.
C&D SW 100. Squally. Set up the Mizzen Top Mast Rigging. Pumped Ship. At 8am found the Larboard after Main Top Mast crosstree sprung. Carpenter repairing it as necessary. People employed under the Boatswain working up Junk. Armourer at the forge. Sick List 12. Ship making 12 inches per 24 hours. Lat (obs) 47.00N. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 024:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Wednesday April 6th 1803.
C&D West 90. First part fresh breezes & squally middle & latter strong breezes with frequent hard squalls. At 8am confined Wm Webb, Mr Topman & Dennis Dwyer for mutinous behaviour & stealing spirits from the Spirit Room while serving out. Fluted the Mizzen Top Sail. Pumped Ship. AM People employed under the Boatswain scraped & cleaned the Gun Deck. Ship making 12 inches in 24 hours. A heavy Swell from the SW. Sick List 13. Lat (obs) 46.48N. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 025:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Thursday April 7th 1803.
C&D SW 60. First part strong breezes middle part hard Gales with heavy Squalls and much rain. Several Strange Sail in sight. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Tradesmen employed as most useful. Close reefed Main & fore Top Sails & handed Main Sail. Hard Gale increasing Sea. Out 3rd reef Main Top Sail & 4th Fore Top Sail. Pumped Ship. Sick List 18. 2 Strange Sail in sight. Lat (obs) 46.26 North. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 026:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Friday April 8th 1803.
C&D SW 89. Hard Squalls with rain throughout & heavy Sea. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. AM People variously employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker on the old Fore Top Sail. pumped Ship. Lat (obs) 44.52N. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 027:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Saturday April 9th 1803.
C&D SW 134. First part strong breezes & hard Gales with rain. Latterly fine weather & moderate and a steady Swell from the NNW. Set Main Top Gallant Sail. Pumped Ship. Squally. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Tradesmen as most necessary. At Noon carried away the Fore Main Studding Sail & Boom. Lat (obs) 42.53N. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 028:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Sunday April 10th 1803.
C&D WSW 28. First part pleasant breezes middle light airs latter part Calm. Got up a Fore Top Mast Studding Sail Boom. At 10am pursuant to the return of a Court of Enquiry punished William Webb (S) with two dozen lashes and afterwards with a dozen more at the Gangway released Dennis Dwyer out of Irons. Expenditure of Water 825 Galls. Remaining 382 Butts. Weather too unsettled for Prayers. Sick List 13. Small rain. Lat (obs) 43.31 North. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 029:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Monday April 11th 1803.
C&D SWbW 108. Pumped Ship. A pleasant breeze and fair weather throughout. AM shifted Main & Mizzen Top Gallant Masts with the long ones. Armourer employed making Traveller. Sick List 12. Passed a Ship Standing to the NNE. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Lat (obs) 41.5N. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 030:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Sunday April 12th 1803.
First & middle parts moderate latterly light breezes and cloudy weather. Shifted the Fore Top Gallant Mast with the polemast. Armourer on the Hammock Stanchions, other Tradesmen as necessary. Pumped Ship. Boatswain working up Junk etc. Sick List 11. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Lat (obs) 39.41N. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 031:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Wednesday April 13th.
C&D SWbW 40. Light breezes NNE cloudy. Pumped Ship. Light airs to the NE. At 11am saw a Sail standing to the north. At Noon she passed us and showed English Colours. Washed the Gun Deck and mustered the People at Quarters. Sick List 10. Lat (obs) 28.45N. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 032:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Thursday April 14th 1804.
C&D SWbS 43. Light breezes & pleasant weather throughout. AM hauled up the Bower & Small. Bower Cables and took the service off them. Strange Sail bearing SW. People employed under the Boatswain working up Junk. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker on the Driver. Pumped Ship. Sick List 11. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. At daylight 2 Sail in the ENE & the NW. A Strange Sail bearing West. Lat (obs) 38.01N. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 033:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Friday April 15th1803.
C&D SW 46. Light airs inclinable to Calm throughout. Payed the Cable down. Sailmaker fitting the Awning. Armourer at the Forge other Tradesmen as most necessary. Boatswain and Gang fluting the Top Mast Rigging & working up Junk. Sick List 13. Pumped Ship. Passed a Sail standing to NE. Ship making 8 inches per 24 hours. Lat (obs) 37.12 N. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 034:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Saturday April 16th 1803.
First & middle parts light airs inclinable to Calms latterly light breezes. Sailmaker altering the Driver. Tradesmen as most necessary. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Pumped Ship. AM Washed the Gun Deck exercised the Great Guns & Small Arms. Lat (obs) 36.44 North. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 035:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Sunday April 17th 1803.
C&D South 26. First part light breezes & pleasant weather middle part cloudy with small rain latterly fine. Ship making 8 inches per 2 hours. AM Brig in the NW standing to the Eastward. Lat (obs) 35.27 North. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 036:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Monday April 18th 1803.
C&D SWbS 129. First part light breezes middle & latter moderate breezes & cloudy. Tradesmen as necessary. Boatswain fluting the Top Mast Rigging. Sick List 11. Pumped Ship. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Cloudy small rain. Lat (obs) 34.2N. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 037:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Tuesday April 19th 1803.
C&D SWbS 179. First part this 24 hours moderate clear the middle a fresh breeze and cloudy towards Noon the wind decreasing & clear weather. Pumped Ship. Ship making 8 inches per 24 hours. At ½ past two sail ahead (Brigs) At ½ past 10 one showed American Colours. At 11am spoke the other the Menerva from Teneriff [Tenerife] bound to London out 48 hours. Sick List 11. Swayed the Main Yard higher up. Lat (obs) 31.15 North. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 038:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Wednesday April 20th 1803.
C&D SWbS 186. First part fresh breezes and pleasant weather middle part Squally, latter more moderate and fine. People employed under the Boatswain, Sailmaker on the old Fore Top Sail. Pumped Ship. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Flying Squalls. Sick List 11. AM Scraped & dried the Gun Deck. Handed the Main Sail. Lat (obs) 28.16 North. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 039:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Thursday April 21st 1803.
C&D SWbS 117. First part pleasant Trade middle and latter light breezes. Boatswain and Gang fleeting the Fore Bobstays & Bowsprit Shrouds. Tradesmen as necessary. Sailmaker on the Fore Top Sail. Pumped Ship. Sick List 10. Lat (obs) 26.14 North. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 040:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Friday April 22nd 1803.
C&D SWbS 102. Light breezes & clear weather in the first & middle parts this 24 hours the latter part cloudy & wind variable from the West. Pumped Ship. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker repairing the old Main Top Sail. Armourer at the Forge. Carpenter as necessary. Shifted the Fore Top Sail with the old one. Lat (obs) 24.15 North. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 041:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Saturday April 23rd 1803.
C&D SWbS 128. First part fresh breezes from the West and fine middle and latter decreasing. People under the Boatswain. Sailmaker as yesterday, other Tradesmen as useful. Pumped Ship . Sick List 12. Ship making 8 inches per 24 hours. AM Washed the Gun Deck and exercised the Great Guns and Small Arms. Lat (obs) 21.51 North. W Whyte [signed]

[Page 042:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Sunday April 24th 1803.
C&D SW 59. Light breezes throughout. AM Performed Divine service & mustered the Ship Company. Pumped Ship. Ship making 8 inches in the 24 hours. Water expended of Last Week 1141 Galls. Butts remaining 367. Lat (obe) 20.39N. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 043:]

Monday April 25th.
C&D SWbW 126. Moderate breezes and clear weather this 24 hours. Ship making 6 inches in 24 hours. Pumped Ship. Un-stocked the Bower Anchors. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Sail. Armourer at the Forge, a Gang of hands making rope. All Sail set. Sick List 10. Lat (obs) 18.50 [North]. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 044:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Tuesday April 26th.
C&D SWbW 162. First part fresh breezes and pleasant weather throughout. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker on the old middle stitching the second best Main Top Sail. Tradesmen as necessary. Pumped Ship. Shifted the Fore Sail and Main Top Sail with the Worst. Sick List 10. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Lat (obs) 16.4 N. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 045:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Wednesday April 27th.
C&D SbW 149. Moderate and fair throughout. Tradesmen as most necessary. Cloudy. Pumped Ship. AM Washed the Gun Deck and exercised the Divisions of Great Guns. Ship making 8 inches per 24 hours. Sick List 10. No obs. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 046:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Thursday April 28th.
C&D South 99. Light breezes and clear weather the first part this 24 hours the latter light breezes & cloudy. Pumped Ship. Tradesmen as yesterday. People under the Boatswain. ship making 6 inches in 24 hours. Sick List 7. Lat (obs) 12.22North C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 047:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Friday April 29th.
C&D S½E 100. Moderate breezes to the Eastward and pleasant weather throughout. People employed under the Boatswain making small Rope and otherwise as necessary. Sailmaker middle stitching the 2nd best Fore Top Sail. Armourer at the Forge, Tradesmen as necessary. Pumped Ship. Small rain. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Sick List 7. Lat (obs) 10.31 North W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 048:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Saturday April 30th 1803.
C&D S½E 110. First & latter parts pleasant weather with a fine breeze middle part light breezes cloudy. AM Washed the Gun Deck & exercised the 2nd Division of Great Guns. Pumped Ship. Boatswain & Gang re-stowing the Starboard Booms. Sailmaker finishing the Main Top Sail other Tradesmen as most necessary Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Sick Report 7. Lat 8.31 North. C.Barnard [signed]

[Page 049:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Sunday May 1st 1803.
C&D S½E 101. Moderate breezes and cloudy this 24 hours. AM Performed Divine Service and mustered the Ships Company. Water expended this last week 1446 Galls Butts remaining 357. Lat (obs) 6.40 North. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 050:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Monday May 2nd.
C&D SbE 95. First and middle parts moderate breezes and pleasant weather, latterly squally & rain. Pumped Ship, People under the Boatswain Sailmaker and Tradesmen as most useful. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Sick List 6. Much lightning in the SE & South. Taken aback. At 10am a strange sail in the SW standing to the Southward. Bore up for the Stranger. Lat 4.52 North. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 051:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Tuesday May 3rd 1803.
C&D SWbW 126. Light airs & variable with frequent Squalls & much rain. Hove to for a boat of the Stranger. At half past 3 a boat from the Stranger came on board at 5 the boat returned. Made Sail. Taken aback. AM Cleaned the Gun Deck and dried it with Stoves and washed the Beams with hot vinegar. Tradesmen as necessary. The Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Sick List 7. No observation. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 052;]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Wednesday May 4th 1803.
C&D South 18. Light airs and cloudy this 24 hours with thunder & lightning. Light airs to the SE. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Sick Report 5. No observation. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 053:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Thursday May 5th 1803.
C&D South 22. First & middle parts light airs at the East squally inclinable to Calm. Armourer at the Forge Sailmaker middle stitching the 2nd best Main Top Sail, other Tradesmen as most necessary. Pumped Ship. Squally with rain. Ship making 8 inches in the 24 hours. Sick List 7. Lat (obs) 4.21 North. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 054:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Friday May 6th 1803.
C&D SbE 31. Lightning, Light airs variable squally & rain throughout. Tradesmen as necessary Sailmaker middle stitching the Fore Top Sail Mast Stay Sail. AM Cleaned the Gun Deck and qired it with Stoves. At 5pm confined Wm Mounsery for insolence to Mr Gillingham the Boatswain and refusing to do his duty. Sick List 9 People. No observation. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 055:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Saturday May 7th 1803.
C&D SbE 70. Variable winds rain & very unsettled weather this 24 hours. Confined George Lee for striking Mr Brown Carpenter. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Sick Report 9. Pumped Ship. Scraped & cleaned the Gun Deck. Lat (obs) 2.56 North. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 056:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Sunday May 8th 1803.
C&D SSE 48. First & latter parts Squally and much rain, middle fine. Pumped Ship. The weather too unsettled to perform Divine Service. Expenditure of Water in the last week 1409 Galls, remaining 346 Butts. Squally & rain. No observation. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 057:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Monday May 9th 1803.
C&D ESE 80. Variable with thunder. AM Set up the Main & Fore Top Mast and Top Gallant Rigging. Carpenter as necessary. Armourer at the Forge. Pumped Ship. Squally & rain. Sick List 9. Lat (obs) 1.44 North. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 058:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Tuesday May 10th 1803.
C&D SW 100. This 24 hour light breezes and clear weather. Set the Mizzen & Top Mast Rigging up. Cloudy. Pumped Ship. People employed under the Boatswain making a Flying Jib Boom. Armourer at the Forge. Sick Report 9. Lat 0.32 North. C. Barnard [signed]

[Crossed the Equator]

[Page 059:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Wednesday May 11th 1803.
C&D SW 96. Pleasant Trade and fine weather throughout. Carpenter employed making a Flying Jib Boom. Sailmaker middle stitching best Main Top Sail. Armourer at the Forge. People variously employed under the Boatswain. AM Washed the Gun Deck. Ship making 8 inches per 24 hours. Sick Report 9. Lat (obs) 00.58 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 060:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Thursday May 12th 1803.
C&D SSW 84. First & latter parts pleasant trade and fine, middle squally and rain. At 11am Carried away the Fore Top Mast Studding Sail Boom. pumped Ship. Ship making 4 inches in 24 hours. Sick List 8. Carpenters employed as yesterday. Sailmaker middle stitching the 2nd best Fore Top Sail. AM Shifted the old Main Top Sail (being split) with the 2nd best. Set up the fore Top Gallant Rigging. Got the Lee Fore Top Mast Studding Sail Boom down and up to Windward. Lat (obs) 2.32 South. C. Barnard [signed] [Page 061:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Friday May 13th 1803.
C&D SSW 112. Moderate breezes and clear weather. A Swell from the SE. Pumped Ship. People employed under the Boatswain. Carpenter making a Top Mast Studding Sail Boom. Cloudy with rain. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker as yesterday. Set up the Fore top Mast Rigging. Sick Report 7. Lat (obs) 4.1 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 062:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Saturday May 14th 1803.
C&D SSW 147. Fresh breezes and pleasant weather for the first & latter parts middle squally. Sailmaker as yesterday. Armourer at the Forge. Carpenter finished the Fore Top Mast Studding Boom. Squally. AM Washed & fumigated the Gun Deck. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Sick List 5. Lat (obs) 6.33 South C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 063:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Sunday May 15th 1803.
C&D SW 142. Strong Trade and squally throughout . Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. At 1pm punished George Lee with 1 dozen Lashes at the Gun. Agreeable to the Court of Enquiry. Pumped Ship. Weeks expenditure of Water 1278 Galls. Butts remaining 338. Sick List 6 people. Lat (obs) 8.28 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 064:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras.

Monday May 16th 1803.
C&D SSW 110. Moderate & clear. Took in the lower Stays & bobstays. Sailmaker finished the 2nd best fore Top Sail. Armourer at the Forge. Pumped Ship. Squally. Carpenters as useful. Sick Report 9. Lat (obs) 10.00 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 065:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Tuesday May 17th 1803.
C&D South 93. First & latter parts moderate breezes SE and fine weather, middle part Squall and rain. AM Surveyed the old Main Top Sail & condemned it. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker and other Tradesmen as most useful. Pumped Ship. Squally & rain . Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Sick Report 8 people. Lat (obs) 11.40 South. W.Whyte [signed]

[Page 066:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Wednesday May 18th 1803.
C&D South 87. First & middle parts light Trades latter squally & rain. Tradesmen as most useful. Un-stowed the Larboard booms & Blacked them. Pumped Ship. AM Washed the Gun Deck. On opening a Sack of Raisins proved half Sand. Sailmaker making a Gaff Top Sail. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Sick Report 8. Lat 13.24 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 067:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Thursday May 19th 1803.
C&D South 83. Moderate breezes & unsettled weather this 24 hours. Released out of Irons Wm Mounc[e]y (S) People employed in Tarring the Booms and shifting Lead forward to trim the Ship. Sailmaker as yesterday. Armourer at the Forge. Pumped Ship. Sick Report 8. Lat (obe) 14.28 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 068:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Friday May 20th 1803.
C&D South 134. First & latter parts fine breezes and clear weather middle Squally. Sailmaker middle stitching 2nd best Fore Top Sail. Armourer at the Forge other Tradesme as useful. Pumped Ship. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Sick List 7. Lat (obs) 17.9 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 069:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Saturday May 21st 1803.
C&D South 122. Trade & fine & fine weather. Tradesmen as necessary. Sailmaker middle stitching Fore Top Sail. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Sick List 7. AM Washed the Gun Deck. Lat (obs) 19.18 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 070:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Saturday May 22nd 1803.
C&D South 68. The first part this 24 hours pleasant Trades and clear weather the latter part wind variable Squally and rain. Pumped Ship. Sick Report 7. Expenditure of Water for week 1503 Galls. Butts remaining 325. Heavy rain. AM Performed Divine Service. Lat (obs) 20.19 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 071:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Monday 23rd 1803.
C&D SW 104. Moderate breezes and cloudy weather throughout. Sailmaker middle stitching the 2nd best Fore Sail. Pumped Ship. Armourer at the Forge other Tradesmen as most useful. People variously employed under the Boatswain. Tacked. AM Set up the Mizzen & Top Mast Rigging. Squally. Ship making the same water as for some days past. Sick People 6. Lat (obs) 30.47 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 072:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Tuesday May 24th 1803.
C&D SW 93. Moderate breezes and cloudy weather with Flying Squalls. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Sailmaker finishing the Fore Sail. pumped Ship. People under the Boatswain. Sick Report 6. Lat (ob) 21.44 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 073:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Wednesday May 25th 1803.
C&D SWbS 95. Moderate breezes this 24 hours and variable weather. Tacked Ship. Found the aftermost Main Crosstree sprung on the Larboard side. Pumped Ship. People employed under the Boatswain. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker middle stitching the Mizzen. Sick Report 7. AM Washed the Gun Deck. Squally rain. Lat (obs) 21.37 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 074:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Thursday May 26th 1803.
C&D SW 66. Light breezes and fine weather throughout, cloudy. People under the Boatswain. Tradesmen as most useful. Sailmaker middle stitching the Mizzen. Sick List 10 People. Lat (obs) 22.27 South. C. Barnard [signed].

[Page 075:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Friday May 27th 1803.
C&D SW 55. Light airs and variable with fine weather. Bent the Fore Top Mast Stay Sail, shifted the Driver with the Mizzen. Employed under the Boatswain securing the Bowsprit with a inner gammoning. Pumped Ship. Sailmaker middle stitching the Mizzen Stay Sail. Tradesmen as necessary. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Sick List 10. Lat (obs) 22.56 South. W.Whyte [signed]

[Page 076:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Saturday May 28th 1803.
C&D SSE 15. Light airs & Calms with clear weather this 24 hours. Pumped the Ship. Sailmaker altering the Driver. Sick List 10. Light airs at the NE. Employed setting the Rigging up Fore & Aft. Carried away the Foremost Larboard Fore Chain Plate. Lat (obs) 23.10 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 077:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Sunday May 29th 1803.
C&D SE 89. Light Breezes northerly & cloudy weather throughout. Strange Sail in sight bearing Easterly & hauled up as per Log. Pumped Ship, small rain. AM shifted the Fore Top Sail with the best. Frequent lightning squally. Sick Report 10 people. Expenditure of Water for week 1220 Galls Butts remaining 315. AM Performed Divine service. Lat (obs) 24.23 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 078:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Monday May 30th 1803.
C&D SE 159. Light airs & fresh breezes, cloudy with squalls & rain. Pumped Ship. Lightning at the Southward. People variously employed under the Boatswain as necessary. Sick Report 10. Lat (obs) 26.00 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 079:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Tuesday May 31st 1803.
C&D SEbE 137. First part fresh breezes. At midnight blowing strong & squally the latter part moderate & clear. Small rain. Pumped Ship, a heavy confused Sea. Sick Report 11. Bent the Main stay Sail. Lat (obs) 26.45 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 080:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Wednesday June 1st 1803.
C&D SEbE 117. Fresh breezes & squally weather throughout. Set the Main Stay Sail. AM Washed the Gun Deck. Tradesmen as most useful. The Ship making the same water as for days past. Set the Jib. Lat (obs) 27.01 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 081:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Thursday June 2nd 1803.
C&D ESE 71. First part a pleasant breeze SbW with clear weather middle squally with rain latterly moderate. Pumped Ship. People employed under the Boatswain as most useful. Sick lIst 10. Hard squalls & rain. Lat (obs) 27.15 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 082:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Friday June 3rd 1803.
C&D SEbW ----. First & middle parts strong breezes SEbS swell from the South. Squally variable. Brought the Main Sail fresh to the Yard. Hard squalls carried away the Fore and Main Top Mast & split the Fore & Main Sail. Employed clearing the wreck[age] and getting Main Top Sail Yard onto the Top. Sick List 10. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Lat (obs) 27.35 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 083:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Saturday June 4th 1803.
C&D South 23. Fresh breezes throughout & cloudy weather. Employed fidding the Fore & Main Top Masts & bent the Main Top Sail. Sick List 10. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Lat (obs) 28.00 South. W.Whyte [signed]

[Page 084:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Sunday June 5th 1803.
C&D SbE 45. Moderate breezes and fine weather. AM fidded the Fore Top Mast, crossed the Fore Top Yard and bent the Main sail. AM Bent the Fore Top Main Sail. Jib. And Fore Top Main Stay Sail. Shifted the Mizzen Top Gallant Mast with the short one Headed one, & fidded the Fore Top Galant Mast. Quarter Master fitting a New Gang of Main Top Gallant Shrouds the former being broken. Ship making 10 inches in 24 hours. Sick List 10. Mustered the necessary duties. on hand prevents the performance of Divine Service. Set the Fore Top Sail clear. Lat (obs) 28.47 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 085:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Monday June 5th 1803.
Moderate breezes and fine weather throughout. AM Crossed the Top Gallant Yards and set the Sails. Pumped Ship. AM Stowed the Larboard Booms. Sick List 10. AM Bent middle Stay Sail otherwise employed clearing Decks drying Sails & as most necessary. Lat (obs) 30.16 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 086:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Tuesday June 7th 1803.
C&D ESE 173. Fresh breeze NNE & fine weather throughout. Set up the Main Top Gallant Rigging. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Main Top Sail. Armourer at the Forge other tradesmen as most useful. People employed under the Boatswain. Sick List 9. Lat (obs) 31.31 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 087:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Wednesday June 8th.
C&D ESE 184. First & latter parts fresh breezes NEbN and fair middle Squally & cloudy weather. Pumped Ship. People employed under the Boatswain. Sailmaker as yesterday other Tradesmen as most useful. Sick List 8. Lat (obe) 32.46 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 088:]

[Page 88: - spoilt page – no entry]

[Page 089:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Thursday 9th June 1803.
C&D East 206. Moderate breezes 7 showers. The wind from N to NW. Tradesmen & People as yesterday. Sick List 7. Squally & rain. No Observation. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 090:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Friday June 10th 1803.
C&D ESE 131. First & latter parts fresh breezes and cloudy weather. Squalls & rain . Sailmaker on the 2nd best Main Top Sail. Armourer at the Forge other Tradesmen as most useful. People employed under the Boatswain making Robins [robbens/robands/rope-bands]. Sick List 9. The Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Small rain. Lat (obs) 33.44 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 091:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Saturday June 11th 1803.
C&D ESE 178. Fresh breezes and frequent squalls throughout. AM Washed the Gun Deck & set the Main & Mizzen Top Mast Rigging up & exercised the Great Guns. Pumped Ship. Tradesmen as yesterday . Sick List 9. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Lat (obs) 34.14 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 092:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Sunday 12th June 1803.
C&D SEbE 199. First part moderate, the middle Gales & unsettled weather. At Noon moderate & clear. The weather too unsettled for Divine Service. Furled the Mizzen Top Sail. Confined in Irons Martin Bell and James Melin (S) for drunkenness and Pr----[?] behaviour. Squally Drizzling rain. Confined James Cottle [Richard Joseph] in Irons for drunkenness. Sick List 10. Heavy confused Sea. Hard squalls. Expenditure of Water 1945 Galls Butts remaining 300. Lat (obs) 35.20 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 093:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Monday June 13th 1803.
C&D SEbE 74. First & latter parts moderate breezes middle light airs and Calm. Cloudy & rain throughout. Pumped Ship. Tradesmen as most useful. Sick List 11. Light airs & Calm. No Observation. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 094:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Tuesday 14th June 1803.
C&D SEbE 194. First & middle parts fresh breezes Squally & rain, latter moderate & hazy. Tradesmen as most necessary. People under the Boatswain. Pumped Ship. PM Punished James Melan with 2½ doz. lashes & Martin Bell with 2 doz. pursuant to sentence. Richard Joseph Cottle promise of good behaviour & making a public apology to Mr Gillingham Boatswain. Sick List 9. Lat (obs) 36.52 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 095:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Wednesday 15th June 1803.
C&D East 207. The first part fresh breezes and clear, the latter part fresh breezes and rain. Confined in Irons John James Quartermaster on suspicion of Theft. Fresh breezes & constant rain. Sick Report 9. No Observations. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 096:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Thursday June 16th 1803.
C&D ESE 147.First & middle parts fresh breezes and hard rain latterly fine. Pumped Ship. Sailmaker as yesterday. Armourer and other Tradesmen as most useful. People employed under the Boatswain. Squally. Ship making 8 inches in 24 hours. Sick Report 8. Cleaned & dried the Gun Deck. Lat (obs) 37.21 South.

[Two days on one page]

Friday June 17th 1803.
C&D ESE 192. First part fresh breezes and heavy Fog. Middle squally moderate & fair. PM Punished John James Quartermaster with two dozen lashes on is posterior broke from his station pursuant to the Sentence of the Court of Enquiry. Sick List 8. Lat 37.28 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 097:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Saturday June 18th 1803.
C&D ESE 173. First part moderate breezes & latter fresh breezes & cloudy Carpenter, Armourer & Sailmaker as yesterday. Pumped Ship. Sick Report 8. Carried away the Fore Top Mast Studding Sail Boom and crane Iron of the lower Studding Sail Boom. Scraped & fumigated the Gun Deck. Lat (obs) 37.50 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 098:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Sunday June 19th 1803.
C&D ESE 164. First part fresh breezes squally and rain. Middle & latter parts fine. AM Stowed the Fore Yard & swayed it higher up. Divine Service not performed the weather not permitting. Expenditure of Water 1012 Galls butts remaining 292. Sick List 7. Lat (obs) 37.33 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 099:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Monday June 20th 1803.
C&D East 87. First part moderate the middle & latter light breezes SW and fair. A swell from the SE, shifted the Fore & Main Top Sails with the 2nd best. Tradesmen as necessary. Pumped Ship. Sailmaker and Quartermaster on the 2nd best Main Sail. Ship making 6 inches in 24 hours. Sick List 6. Variation for Azimuth 27.45 W. Lat (obs) 36.55 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 100;]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Tuesday June 21st 1803.
C&D South 85. Light breezes ESE & clear weather wind variable. People employed under the Boatswain/ Carpenter Armourer & Sailmaker as yesterday, Sick List 6. Cloudy, light airs from the North. Clear out all reefs – a heavy swell from the East. Lat (obs) 37.33 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 101:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Wednesday June 22nd 1803.
C&D SEbE 60. First part light breezes Light breezes Middle calm latterly pleasant breezes & fine. Pumped Ship. People employed under the Boatswain, Tradesmen as necessary. AM scraped & cleaned the Gun Deck. Sick List 5. Light breezes at NE. Lat (obs) 37.44 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 102:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Thursday June 23rd 1803.
C&D SEbE 154. First & latter parts moderate breezes NE middle & latter fair throughout. Strong Rippling & a heavy Swell from SW. Sailmaker & Quartermaster on the Main Sail. Tradesmen as necessary People under the Boatswain . Sick List 3. Lat 38.32 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 103:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Friday June 24th 1803.
C&D SEbE 199. The first part moderate and clear the middle squally the latter part fine weather. with smooth Water. Pumped Ship. People employed as per day past. Sick List 4. Lightning at SW. Lat (obs) 38.39 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 104:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Saturday June 25th 1803.
C&D SEbE 160. First & middle parts fresh breezes and Squally with hail latterly fresh Gales with hard squalls at times. Tradesmen as useful. AM Confined Peter Wall Quartermaster for drunkenness. Sick List 3. Down Mizzen Top Gallant Yard. Hard squalls & rain. Lat (obs) 38.49 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 105:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Sunday June 26th 1803.
C&D SEbE 189. String Gales and hard squalls throughout. With heavy Swell at the West during the night lightning. Pumped Ship. Set & handed the Mizzen Top Sail. could not perform divine Service the weather not permitting. Expenditure of Water 1143 Galls. Butts remaining 284. Ship making 6 inches in 24 hours. Sick List 4. Lat (obs) 38.40 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 106:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras.

Monday June 27th 1803.
2C&D SEbE 187. The 24 hours strong breezes SWbS & heavy Sea. Down Top Gallant Yards & Mizzen Gaff. At 6am Split Main Top Sail in letting out a Reef and Shifted it with the best & 2 Reefs and set it. Got the Fore & Main Top Gallant Yards down. Set the Sails with 2 Reefs to the Top Sail. Sick List 6. Lat (obs) 38.8 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 107:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Tuesday June 28th 1803.
C&D SEbE 135. First & middle parts fresh breeze West, & clear latterly squally with rain at times. Tradesmen as most useful. Sick List 6. Pumped Ship. Sailmaker repairing the Main Top Sail. Armourer at the Forge. Noon 2nd reefs to Fore & Main Top Sails. Lat (obs) 38.38 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 108:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Wednesday June 29th 1803.
C&D ESE 202. First part strong breezes NbE middle hard Gales with rain latterly moderate & fair. Employed under the Boatswain. Tradesmen as necessary. Sailmaker and gang on the 2nd best Main Top Sail. Ship making 6 inches in 24 hours. Sick List 6. Out 2nd Reefs & made Sail. Carried away the Fore Top Mast Studding Sail Boom. Lat (obs) 38.30 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 109:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Thursday June 30th 1803.
C&D SSW 180. First part moderate breezes WSW and clear. Middle cloudy with squalls and small rain latterly fresh breezes. People employed under the Boatswain . Pumped Ship. Tradesmen as useful. Sick List 5. Lat (obs) 37.31 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 110:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Friday July 1st 1803.
C&D ESE 190. First part fresh breezes at SW and cloudy weather. Middle hard squalls latterly more moderate with clouds. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker as yesterday other Tradesmen as most useful. Pumped Ship. Hard squalls Sick List 4. Lat (obs) 36.50 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 111:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Saturday July 2nd 1803.
C&D East 90. First part moderate breezes South middle & latter parts light breezes & cloudy weather the Swell from the South. Shifted the Main Top Sail with the 2nd best and set it single reefed. & set up the Main & Main Top Mast Rigging. AM Washed the Gun Deck. Tradesmen as necessary, Sailmaker finishing the Driver . Sick List 4. Lat (obs) 35.52 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 112:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Sunday July 3rd 1803.
C&D East 16. First & latter parts light airs & cloudy weather middle cloudy & Calm. The weather too unsettled to perform Divine Service. Sick List 5. Expenditure of Water 1072 Galls, Butts remaining 278. Confined in Irons James Mitchel for striking Mr Broadhurst. Shifted the Main Top Sail with the 2nd best. Out Jolly Boat to try Current, hoisted the Yawl on the Booms. Light airs from the South. Lightning in the South. No observation. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 113:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Monday July 4th 1803.
C&D East 9. Light airs & Calm throughout this 24 hours. AM Bent the Driver and unbent the Main Stay Sail. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker repairing the 2nd best Fore Top Gallant Sail, other Tradesmen as useful. Calm. Sick List 7. No observation. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 114:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Tuesday July 5th 1803.
C&D ESE 43. First & middle parts light airs inclining to Calm latterly light breezes & Cloudy weather throughout. A Swell from the SW. Pumped Ship. Shifted the Fore Top Gallant Sails with the worst. People employed under the Boatswain other Tradesmen as most useful. Sick List 5. Lat (obs) 35.59 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 115:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Wednesday July 6th 1803.
C&D NNE 164. First part light breezes NNE & cloudy middle & latter parts squally throughout. People employed under the Boatswain other Tradesmen as yesterday. Moderate with swell at ye SW. AM scraped & cleaned the Gun Deck. Lat (obs) 35.24 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 116:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Thursday July 7th 1803.
C&D East 206. First & middle parts fresh breezes North & cloudy weather latterly squally & rain. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker as yesterday. Carpenter making a Fore Top Mast Studding Sail Boom. Pumped Ship. Carried away the Fore Top Mast Studding Sail outer Boom Trove[?] . Sick List 6. No Observation. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 117:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Friday July 8th 1803.
C&D SSE 123. First part moderate & cloudy middle light breezes latterly fresh breezes & fair weather. Sailmaker on the Old Fore Top Sail other Tradesmen as most useful. Sick List 7. Wore Ship. Small rain. Lat (obs) 33.33 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 118:]

Ship Wexford from England toward Madras

Saturday July 9th 1803.
C&D East 194. The first part moderate breezes & clear weather. Wind from the NW the latter fresh breezes and clear. Pumped Ship. Tradesmen and People employed as yesterday. Azimuth[?] 22.7W. Sick List 8. Scraped the Gun Deck. Squally & rain. Out 1st Reef of the Top Sails. Lat (obs) 32.30 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[This is first reference to observations for Longitude]

[Page 119:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Sunday July 10th 1803.
C&D EbN 202. Fresh breezes WSW & cloudy throughout this 24 hours. Armourer at the Forge. Squally. Sick Report 7. Lat (obs) 30.36 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 120:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Monday July 11th 1803.
C&D ENE 157. First & middle parts fresh breezes SbE and squally latterly light breezes and cloudy weather. Noon small rain. Pumped Ship. Sailmaker on the old Fore Sail, other Tradesmen as necessary. Squally with rain. Lat (obs) 28.26 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 121:]

[Page 121:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Tuesday July 12th 1803.
C&D NE 76. Light breezes and clear weather. Confined Wm Gibbons, joiner for drunkenness. Tradesmen and People employed as yesterday. Sick Report 3. Observation mean 14.34 West. Lat (obs) 27.14 South. Long ---- W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 122:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Wednesday July 13th 1803.
C&D NEbN 100. First & middle parts moderate & clear latterly squally & much rain. AM Got out the long poled Top Gallant Masts to scrape. Pumped Ship. Tradesmen as most useful. Washed the Gun Deck & Exercised the Guns. Variable squally with rain. No Observation. Lat – Long ----. [not signed]

[Page 123:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Thursday July 14th 1803.
C&D North 76. First and middle parts light airs & continual rain latter part pleasant breezes & rain. People employed under the Boatswain. Caulkers on the Quarters & Sailmaker as necessary. Sick List 4. Released out of Irons Wm Gibbons joiner. Lat (obs) 24.34S. Long ---. Whyte [signed]

[Page 124:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Friday 15th July 1803.
C&D NNE 94. Light breezes SSE & clear weather. Confine in Irons Josiah Norman for theft. Pumped Ship. AM Shifted the Main Top Gallant Mast with the Pole one & the Fore Sail with the old one. Armourer at the Forge. Carpenter & crew as for days past. Lat (obs) 22.50 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 125:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Saturday July 16th 1803.
C&D NNE 157. First part moderate breezes SEbS and cloudy with squalls middle cloudy with small rain latter fresh breezes with frequent Squalls. Shifted the fore Top Gallant Mast with the long Pole one. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker making a Mizzen Royal. AM Washed the Gun Deck. Shifted the Mizzen Top Gallant Mast with the long Pole one. Lat (obs) 20.4 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 126:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Sunday July 17th 1803.
C&D NbE 184. First & middle parts strong breezes SEbE & squalls, latter fresh & cloudy. AM Performed Divine Service. Ship making 4 inches in 24 hours. Sick List 2. Expenditure of Water 1162 Galls, Butts remaining 261. Noon mustered the Ships Company. Made Sail. Lat (obs) 16.44 South Long ----. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 127:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Monday July 18th 1803.
C&D NNE 192. Fresh breezes SEbE & cloudy weather this 24 hours. Pumped Ship. Carpenter employed as for days past. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top Sail people scraping the Quarters. Squally. Sick Report 2. Fair moderate & clear. Lat 13.22 South Long ---- W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 128:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Tuesday 19th July 1803.
C&D NNE 162. First & middle parts fresh breezes SE & clear latterly light airs. AM got out the Flying Jib Boom. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top Sail. Armourer at the Forge. Gunner painting the Stern. Tradesmen as most useful. People employed variously under the Boatswain & scraping the Starboard Side, Sick Report 4. Out all Reefs. Cloudy. Lat (obs) 10.48 South Long ----. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 129:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Wednesday July 20th 1803.
C&D NNE 109. Moderate Trade & clear weather throughout. People employed under the Boatswain. blacking the Rigging otherwise as most useful. Gunner painting the Stern. Armourer at the Forge. Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top Sail & making a mizzen Royal. AM Washed the Gun Deck and dried it with fires. Ship making 4 inches in 24 hours. Lat (obs) 8.49 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 130:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Thursday July 21st 1803.
C&D NbE 58. Light breezes SEbE & clear weather throughout all Sail set. Pumped Ship. People and Tradesmen employed as yesterday. Sick Report 4. Hoisted the Yawl out to black the Starboard Bends. Light airs. Lat (obs) 7.12 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 131:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Friday July 22nd 1803.
C&D N½E 93. Light breezes SSE and fine weather throughout. Got in the Yawl. Gunner painting the Ship. Armourer at the Forge, Sailmaker repairing the old Fore Top Sail. Sick Report 3 people. Out Yawl to black the Starboard Bends. Lat 6.15 South W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 132:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Saturday July 23rd 1803.
C&D N½E 77. Light breezes latterly variable & fine weather throughout. Gunner painting the Masts & Sides. Tradesmen as yesterday. In Yawl. AM Scraped the Gun Deck. Sick List 3. Lat (obs) 4.50 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 133:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Sunday July 24th 1803.
C&D N½E 35. Light airs from the South and clear fine weather throughout. Pumped Ship. Performed Divine Service. Sick List 2. Lat 2.56 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 134:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Monday July 25th 1803.
C&D N½E 81, First part light airs and clear middle & latter Squally with rain at times. Gunner employed painting the Quarter Deck. Small rain . Tradesmen employed as most useful. Sick Report 2 people. Lat (obs) 2.21 South. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 135:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Tuesday 26th July 1803.
C&D NbE 78. Light breezes EbS & frequent showers of rain. Employed painting – rousing the best & small Bower Cables & coiling them in their berths on the Orlop. Clear. Sailmaker on the Forecastle Cloths. Tradesmen as necessary. Ship making 4 inches in 24 hours. Sick List 2. Lat (obs) 0.53 South. W. Whyte [signed]

[Crossed the Equator]

[Page 136:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Wednesday July 27th 1803.
C&D NbE 73. Light breezes variable & clear weather throughout. People & Tradesmen as for days past. Pumped Ship. Sick Report 2. Lat (obs) 0.27 North. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 137:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Thursday 28th July 1803.
C&D NbE 24. Light airs at southward and Calm with clear weather throughout. Out Jolly Boat. In Boat. Gunner painting the Quarter Deck Guns. AM stocked the Small bower Anchor. People employed finishing the Service of the Cable. Cloudy, hazy & Calm. Sailmaker on the Top Cloths. Sick Report 4. Armourer at the Forge as necessary. Lat (obs) 1.01 North. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 138:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Friday July 29th 1803.
C&D NNE 23. First part calm middle & latter light airs & fine weather. Calm. Employed stocking the best Bower & Stream Anchors. Sailmaker finishing the Top Cloths. Tradesmen as necessary. Gunner painting. Sick List 4. Ship making 4 inches in 24 hours. Light airs. Lat (obs) 1.35 North. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 139:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Saturday 30th July 1803.
C&D NNE 87. First & middle light breezes SW latter moderate airs. Pumped Ship. Tradesmen as necessary. Sick List 4. Ship making 4 inches in 24 hours. AM Exercised the Great Guns & small arms & sealed them. Lat (obs) 2.55 North. W. Whyte [signed]

[Page 140:]

Ship Wexford from England towards Madras

Sunday 31st July 1803.
C&D NNE 132. Fresh breezes WbS & fine weather throughout. At 2pm saw a strange Sail bearing NW. Hove too, the Stranger proved to be the H.C. Ship Calcutta from England for Madras. Hove too. Made Sail. Calcutta bearing East. At 7am secured the Guns. Squally & rain. Got forward the Quarter Deck Guns & trimmed the Ship. Lat (obs) 5.3 North. C. Barnard [signed]

[Page 141:]


List of the H. C. Ship Wexford Ships Company
No. Names Stations Dead, Run or Discharged
0 John Henry Pelly Commander [1] [Note: John Henry Pelly came on board the Wexford on Thursday 10th February 1803. He was going to be the Commander of the Wexford but resigned on Friday 25th March 1803, and was superceded by William Stanley Clarke. Farrington records:-
Pelly, John Henry, born 31 May & bap St Margaret's, Westminster April 1777, son of Henry Hinde & Sally Hitchin; 1st mate's servant Northumberland (3) 1790/1; 6th mate Hillsborough (2) 1792/3; 4th mate Hillsborough (2) 1794/5; 2nd mate Coutts 1796/7 & 1799/1800. He was Governor of the Hudson Bay Company for 30 years and also Governor of the Bank of England and was created a Baronet as Baronet Pelly. He married Emma Boulton of Leatherhead, Surrey in 1807 with whom he had eight sons and two daughters. He died 13th August 1852.]
1 William Stanley Clarke Commander [2] [Note: on Friday 25th March 1803, while off the South Downs, Captain clarke took possession of the ship. He had recently returned from a voyage to the Far East as Commander of the True Briton and had come alongside the Wexford while still at Gravesend on the 21st of Feb 1803. William Stanley Clarke, born 3rd December 1768 & bap St Boltolph Aldersgate, London 4th Jan 1769, son of John & Ann; seaman and midshipman in Royal Navy 3 years 7 months; 2nd mate Peggy to St Petersburg 7 months; seaman King George 1786/7; 4th mate Europa (2) 1788/9; 2nd mate Europa (2) 1791/2; 1st mate Europa (2) 1793/4; Captain True Briton (4) 1795/6 & 1800/01; Captain Wexford 1802/3 & 1804/5; Captain True Briton (4) 1806/7; Captain Wexford 1809/10. He married and had several children. He was buried at Leatherhead, Surrey on 6th Jan 1844 aged 75, leaving a Will.]
2 Charles Barnard 1st mate From early on he was signing off the Harbour Journal. [Charles Barnard, bap Newbury, Berks 6th Aug 1773; son of Benjamin & Hannah; seaman & 2nd mate to West Indies 4y; 5th mate London (13) 1794/5; 4th mate Warley (2) 1796/7; 3rd mate Warley (2) 1798/9; 2nd mate True Briton (4) 1800/1; 1st mate Wexford 1802/3 & 1804/5; Captain Wexford1806/7, 1811/12, 1813/4, 1815,16. He was married St Michael's, Bath on 2nd May 1811 to Ann Miller and died at Moulins, France on 30th December 1822. She was remarried at St Margaret's, Westminster on 8th July 1826 to Benjamin Shillito, who died in Nova Scotia Sep 1834.]
3 William White 2nd mate From the beginning William Whyte was signing off the Harbour Journal. He is recorded in an incident on Thursday 17th March 1803 when he was despatched with a letter to London, the ship was off the South Downs at the time. [John Nelson Whyte (or White) was born in Philadelphia, America 1st Nov 1770. He was midshipman HMS Lucifer 2y 2m; in merchant service 6y 10m; 3rd mate Contractor 1793/4; Captain Contractor to Cape 2y; 1st mate Walpole (4) 1797/8; Captain Experiment (2) 1800/1; 2nd mate Wexford 1802/3; 1st mate True Briton (4) 1806/7; Captain Lord Melville (1) 1808/9.]
4 Andrew Lowe Quartermaster Recorded in the Journal as being pressed by HMS Amelia on 25th March 1803.
5 John James Quartermaster Recorded in the Journal as being pressed by HMS Amelia on 25th March 1803. It was probbably only a short-term press as he appears later in the log when, along with Robert Hall, he was recorded as Confined in irons for theft & gambling.
6 Mr Gillingham Boatswain Recorded in the Journal on 25th March 1803.
7 Peter Wall Boatswain Recorded in the Journal for drunkeness on 25th June 1803.
8 Mr Brown Carpenter Record in the Log on 7th May 1803.
9 Ducan Johnston Seaman Recorded in the Journal as departing this life on Monday 14th March 1803.
10 John Smith Seaman Recorded in the Journal as being pressed by HMS Amelia on 25th March 1803.
11 Robert Hall not known Recorded in the Log as, along with John James, confined in irons for theft & gambling on 2nd April 1803.
12 William Webb not known Recorded in the Log, along with Mr Topman and Dennis Dwyer, as being confined for mutinous behaviour and stealing spirits on 6th April 1803.
13 Mr Topman not known Recorded in the Log, along with William Webb and Dennis Dwyer, as being confined for mutinous behaviour and stealing spirits on 6th April 1803.
14 Dennis Dwyer not known Recorded in the Log, along with William Webb and Mr Topman, as being confined for mutinous behaviour and stealing spirits on 6th April 1803.
15 William Mounsey not known Record in the Log as confined for insolence on 6th May 1803.
16 George Lee not known Record in the Log as confined for hitting Mr Brown the Carpenter on 7th May 1803.
17 Martin Bell not known Recorded in the Journal as confined for drunkeness on 12th June 1803.
18 James Melin (S) not known Recorded in the Journal as confined for drunkeness on 12th June 1803.
19 Ricard Joseph Cottle not known Recorded in the Journal as confined for drunkeness on 12th June 1803.
20 James Mitchel not known Recorded in the Journal as confined James Mitchel for striking Mr Broadhurst on 3rd July 1803.
20 Mr Broadhurst not known Recorded in the Journal as being struck by James Mitchell on 3rd July 1803.
21 William Gibbons Joiner Recorded in the Journal as being drunk 12th July 1803.
20 Josiah Norman not known Recorded in the Journal as being confined for theft 15th July 1803.
17 Passengers
Recorded in the Journal as coming on board on 25th March 1803.


The Ledger & Pay Book for this voyage has not been transcribed.


APPENDIX 1

Notes and Glossary

  1. Called to Quarters - in this context means called to action stations.
  2. Country Ships - Honourable East India Company's ships that plied between ports in the Eastern seas.
  3. ODNB - Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
  4. Editor's notes in square brackets.
  5. Extra ships - ships built in India and hired by the HEICS for a particular voyage. These were often made from better materials than those made in Britain and were considered to be longer lasting (The East Indiamen by Russell Miller).
  6. Factory Stores – are these Stores for the Company’s Factories in their overseas settlements.
  7. Hull Down - so far away the hull is out of sight below the horizon.
  8. Letters of Marque - A Government licence given to the owners of private ships during the time of war, commissioning them to attack and seize the ships or property of the enemy.
  9. NI = Native Infantry.
  10. Private trade - can mean several things but in essence it is – non Company Trade or other authorised merchants outside the Company, Crew etc.
  11. Proas or flying Proa = a small and fast sailing boat with unequal hulls used in the seas around the Ladrone Islands in the Pacific and Far Esstern waters, see: http://www.pacificproa.com/micronesia/flying_proas_of_the_Ladrone_Islands.html for a full description of these remarkable boats.
  12. Supra Carges = A company official or committee in charge of the distribution of goods from ship arriving and departing from ports such as Penang and Canton.
  13. The Ship's Log contains the Sea Log where entries are from noon the day before to noon on the date of entry. The Harbour Journal contains the normal 24 hours from midnight. It also seems that hour by hour events are put on the left side of the Journal form as they happen and then the Captain sits down after midday to write up the highlights of the previous 24 hours on the right side.
  14. Diagram of timbers that make up the stern of an Indiaman. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stern#/media/File:Illustrated_marine_encyclopedia_341.jpg


    Diagram of stern
  15. Details of ships hull and rigging of an Indiaman from the Reader's Digest Great Encyclopaedic Dictionary.


    Description of hull, rigging and sails

  16. Details of ships sails of an Indiaman.


    Description of the sails


APPENDIX 2

Glossary of Abbreviations and Terms
Abbreviations in the log have been expanded where possible.

This section is now in a separate page of its own under:
Glossary.


APPENDIX 3

Bibliography:

  • Barnettmaritime Internet Site on the explanation and history of the HEICS www.barnettmaritime.co.uk.
  • Contemporary Newspaper and Journals.
  • Miller, Russell: "The East Indiamen" publ. Time-Life Books 1980.
  • Cotton, E: "East Indiamen - The East India Company's Maritime Service" London 1949.
  • East India Company Archive - British Library. Ref: L/MAR/B/217C. Journal and Log of the H.E.I.C. Ship Huddart 10 March 1806 to 6 October 1807.
  • Eicships.info for information concerning types of ships in the HEICS see: www.eicships.info/help/shiprole.html.
  • Farrington, A: "Catalogue of The East India Ship's Journals and Logs. 1600 - 1834". British Library 1999.
  • Farrington, A: "A Biographical Index of East India Company Maritime Officers 1600 - 1834". British Library. 1999.
  • Fay, Peter Ward "The Opium War, 1840-1842". First published 1975.
  • Gosse, P: "St. Helena 1502 - 1938" Oswestry 1990. First published London 1938.
  • Hardy, C: "Register of Ships - The East India Company 1760 - 1810" London 1811.
  • Horsburgh, John Directions for sailing to and from the East Indies, China, New Holland and the Cape of Good Hope". Published 1811.
  • Keay, J. "The Honourable Company - A History of the English East India Company". London 1991.
  • Lavery, Brian: "The Ship of the Line 1650-1850" 2 Vols. Published Conway Maritime Press 1983.
  • Macgregor, David: "Index of Merchant Sailing Ships, 1775-1815" Navel Institute Press 2001. First published London 1985.
  • Parkinson, C Northcote: "Trade in the Eastern Seas 1793-1813" Cambridge UP 1937.
  • Pbenyon Internet Site dedicated to information on HMS ships of the period: www.pbenyon.plus.com.
  • Smyth, Admiral W.H.: The Sailor's World, A Complete Dictionary of Nautical Terms from the Napoleonic and Victorian Navies. Publ: Fireship Press 2007.
  • East_Indiamen: www.wow.


APPENDIX 4

Naval engagement with the French in the Indian Ocean in 1805:

On Wednesday 7th August 1805 at 4.30pm the crew of the Cumberland saw three strange ships closing in on the fleet of East Indiamen, within three minutes their Escort ship HMS Blenheim signalled to prepare for battle. The ships were French, we were at War and this was the year of Trafalgar. Admiral Charles-Alexandre Léon Durand Linois was on board the Marengo, supported by the frigates Belle Poule and Adalante.


Admiral Charles-Alexandre Léon Durand Linois,
1761-1848 by Antoine Maurin, from Wikipedia.

The Cumberland was part of the annual fleet slowly making its way to India and beyond. They were in the Indian Ocean at Lat. 19.31S by Long. 76.41E. There had been a strong trade wind with very hazy squalls and almost constant rain but the weather was moderating.

Admiral Linois did not want to get involved with the Blenheim, and maneuvered in an attempted to pick off one of the East Indiamen and hopefully to scatter the rest. The Cumberland bore the brunt but Captain Farrer held firm and the fleet remained in formation. Initially the Blenheim could not engage with the enemy because she was under manned and slower. After a couple of attempts Admiral Linois considered the risk too great and stood off.


Rear-Admiral Sir Thomas Troubridge
by William Beechey, from Wikipedia.

A full account of this engagement is to be found in 'Events' section on this website.


END